anglais assimilation .pdf


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Interview
with

Gareth Johnson
Assimilation vs. Cultural Identity
Gareth Johnson, a 64 year-old professor in history in the University of Harvard, is
specialised in Emigrated Civilisation. In his book, he talks about assimilation and
cultural identity, and reveals his thoughts about the Native Americans.

Q: So, Professor Johnson, your new book is entitled “About mankind in dark time”, can
you shed light on it?
Gareth JOHNSON - From the outset, the word “mankind” has
to be understood in a different way than usual, what I mean is
that the white man believed in his superiority over the other
“races”, and that he represented the dominating culture, the
mankind, in other words. This now brings me to the “dark time”
which refers to colonisation and in a smaller extent, assimilation
or cultural identity.
Q: You talked about cultural identity and assimilation, could you
define these words for our readers?
GL - Of course, cultural identity corresponds to the upbringing
you received from your parents. Besides this, cultural identity is
what makes your belonging to a population. As a child, you tend
to identify yourself with your elders, but unlikely, assimilation is
the process of integration into the mainstream society
Q: So you think that assimilation could alter cultural identity by making people forget their
cultural roots?
GL - Broadly speaking, assimilation leads to forgetting your cultural roots. So, yes,
assimilation alters identity. However, we must not forget the other side of the question.
Indeed, assimilation can be led with such violence! Sometimes I wish some facts hadn’t
existed. Let us recall what happened during the 19th century. The conflicts between native
Americans and settlers, such as the battle of Wounded Knee, left the Indians half starved and
outnumbered, so as they were completely disarmed when assimilation began.
Q: Does a middle course between assimilation and cultural identity exist?
GL - Well, not really. Let me explain myself: It’s rather a personal decision than one taken
by the colonising empire. That is to say, you can be on a middle course, but then you won’t
be completely integrated into the society, nor will you be attached with your cultural past.


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