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,IG.

r!l
frt

Building up
a new c0untru
0scar WILDE [1854-1900), an trish
poet and dramatist, is regarded as

TIte sexingis a weablSt cowntry bouse in England in the late nineteenth century.
is

one of lhe greatest plagwrights of the

entertainingl

a

few

gwests.

Amongtbem

is a jtoung

1. De
2-

M

American, Hester worslqt.

Fon [1892J

The

and

Importonce

of Being

of

d€

5"Ar

L entertain:

Hesrsru InAmericawe have no lower classes.

Laty HuNsraxroN: Really? w4rar avery srrange afrangement!
l"eov Canomqe: There a-re a great many things you haven t got in AmericE I am told,

!

lany HuNsraN:roN: \Xtrat is that, dear?
Hrsreru W'e are tryrngto build up life, Lady Hunstanron) on

3. steamet paquebot
4. shallow: supetfciel

fsmn}

barbouiller

hideous ['hrdras]:

'!. H

el

dt

2.Pt
3"Ai

a"

a better, tmer, purer basis

rt

zo than life rests on here. This sounds strange to you a[ no
doubt. How could it sound, other
than strange? You rich people in England, you d.on't know how you are living. How
could
+: you know?You shut out from your society the gentle and the good. you laugh at
the simple
and the pure. Living âs you all do, on others and by them, you sneer ar selÊsacrifice,
and
if you throw bread to the poor, it is merely to keep them quiet for a season. With
all your
pomp and wealrh and art you don't know how to live. you love the beauty

"

that you can see and touch a'd ha'dle, the beauty that you can destrcy,
a'd do destroy, but of the unseen beauty of life, you know nothing. you
have lost lifiJs secrer.

oh, your English society seems ro me shallov/, selfish,
foolish. It has blinded its eyes, and stopped irs ears. It sits like a dead thing
30 smeareds with gold. It is all wrong, all
wrong.
Laov HuNsrevroN: My dear Miss worsrey, I thought you riked English
society so much. You were such a success in it. And you were so much
admired by the best people. I quite forget what Lord Henry weston said of
you - but it was most complimentary, and you know what an authority he
:s is on beauty.
Hesreru Lord Henry \x/eston! A man wirh a hideous6 smile and a hid.eous
past...

/

xi
i. I

i,*
t*

n

uri.
tfrcn

or stone.

receuoir

[-{t

lfrre r

Miss Worsley. They say you have no ruins, and no curiosities.
..
-+- HEsrsru The English aristocragz supply us with our curiosiries, l,ady Caroline. They are
15 sent over to us every summer, regularly, in the steamers3,
and propose to us the day after
they land- As for ruins, we are tryang to build up somethlng rhat wil last longer
than brick

2. cliques lklilksl: clans

abominabb

6.

classes.

a movement advocating "art for art's
sake'. His onlg novel, The picture of
Dorion Grog,was publish;d in 1990.

6.

1. Hc

z.Wî
3.Wl
4. t-{t

arcificial social barriers. We don't see as much as we should of the mid.dle and lower

Aestheticism,

5. smear

H x"v

society consists simply of all the good women and good men we have in our country.
Laov HtrNsrawroN: What a sensible system... I am afraid in England we have too many

€ornest

{18951. He became
a leading member

m"".
nead

Indjt Hunstd,nton

Leov HuNsraxroN: I hear you have such pleasant society in America
euite like our owïl
in places, my son wrote to me.
Hssreru There are cliques2 in America as elsewhere, Lady Hunstanton. But true American

Lodg Windermere's

RÊi

dh(

n&EEilH ,itn
popular plags like

Ttf,an

Laoy HrrNsraNroN: My dear young ladyl
HssrEru I am afraid I spoke roo srrongly, Lady Hunstanton. But there are
ao some things in England...

LaovHuNsraxroN: Mydearyounglady, rherewas agreat deal oftruth in
what you said, and you looked very predy while you said ig which is much
more important...
Oscar \X4LDE, AWornan ofno Impottanæ (L993)

h
4.N

tl
G

s"u

'l]ilriËdi

st

*I

hT
dùa
c-

$r

d-p
oil

f-

,;

"9. t

etl

frLJ



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