The technological resources of the state. International technological links .pdf
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Subject 6. The technological resources of the state. International technological links.
International links non-commercial technology.
Through the channels of international linkages in the field of trade for technology acquisition there is
a transmission of information in the form of technological knowledge and technology, ie habits,
modes of production, structures of new products. Exchange for new knowledge provides an
opportunity for potential partners to move according to technological exchange in the directions of
development of science and technology, receive information on total acquisitions located in various
branches of science and production.
Transmission of information technology is going to essentially non-commercial basis and creates the
opportunity for the development of future technology trade. Forms the most important links are not
commercial technology: trade for scientific and technical knowledge in the personal contacts of
scholars and specialists, technology publications, international exhibitions and fairs, advertising, noncommercial transmission technical knowledge to developing countries, flows of non-commercial
technologies in the structures of private companies.
The technology assistance to developing countries based on the amount of participating countries
Bilateral - is realized according to the agreements between the governments of donor countries,
recipient countries and aid;
Multilateral - is realized by some countries regarding a recipient country.
In the category of multilateral concerns using online technology to international organizations. By
one of the first international organizations, which began to give troubleshooting developing
countries, the Programme of UN development has become. Major programs also carry the IMF,
World Bank, ОЭСР and virtually all other organizations.
The development of such a progressive phenomenon as non-commercial sharing with technological
knowledge internationally is holding a series of factors:
The militarization of scientific studies; The transition to the work of hiring at the owner's capital
staffing technology, after which their work is rendered secret or takes a form as the property of the
employer; Censorship universal prior research publications.
Troubleshooting in the field of non-commercial to developing countries is often observed investment
means the technology of yesterday, and the country transmitting technology to developing countries
sometimes earn more than the amounts using .