CM 2 récapitulatif .pdf



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2) General Framework: American literature, history, and national identity
• Frederick Jackson Turner (1861-1932)
He wrote an Essay:
The Significance of the Frontier in American History (1893)
3) A critical turning point: Twain vs James
• Mark Twain (1835-1910)
Huckleberry Finn (1884), It is the story of Huck and Jim
• Henry James (1843-1916)
The Portrait of a Lady (1881)
Washington Square (1882)
The Ambassadors (1902)
The Wings of the Dove (1903)
• Edith Wharton (1862-1937)
The house of Mirth (1905)
The Age of Innocence (1920)
4) An end to innocence:
Naturalism…
• Stephen Crane (1871-1900)
Maggie: a Girl of the Street (1893)
The Red Badge of Courage (1895)
• Franck Norris (1870-1902)
Mc Teague (1899)
The Octopus (1901)
• John Steinbeck (1902-1968)
The Grapes of Wrath (1939)
• Richard Wright (1908-1960)
Native Son (1942)
• Upton Sinclair (1878-1968)
Oil! (1927)
… And realism
• Theodore Dreiser (1871-945)
Sister Carrie (1900)
An American Tragedy (1925)
• Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951)
Main Street (1920)
Babbit (1922)
5) The crisis of modernism:
Modernist poetry:
• T. S. Eliot (1888-1965)
He wrote a poem: The Wasteland (1922)


Ezra Pound (1885-1972)



William Carlos Williams ((1883-1963)



E. E. Cummings (1894-1962)

1

Utterly, chaotic lexicon and dislocated syntax.
6) The Lost Generation: American Writers and artists of the 1920s
• F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)
The Great Gatsby (1925)
Tender is the Night (1936)
• Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)
The Sun also Rises (1926)
A Farewell to Arms (1929)
For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)
The Old Man and the Sea (1952)
• Hemingway has mainly influenced Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961)
Creator of the American Roman Noir:
The Maltese Falcon (1930)
Two 100% Modernist novelists:
• John Dos Passos (1896-1970)
Trilogy U.S.A (1938) in which we can find The Big Money (1936)
• William Faulkner (1897-1962)
The Sound and the Fury (1929)
As I Lay Dying (1930)
Sanctuary (1931)/ Faulkner described this novel as his “most horrific tale”
Light in August (1931)
7) Southern Fiction: the Grotesque and the Gothic
• Carson McCullers (1917-1967)
The Heart is a Lonely Hunter (1940)
Reflections in a Golden Eye (1940)
The Ballad of The Sad Café (1943)
• Flannery O’Connor (1925-1964)
Wise Blood (1952)
The Violent Bear it Away (1960)
A Short Story Collection: A Good Man is hard to Find (1952)


Eudora Welty (1909-2001)

• Tennessee Williams (1911-1983)
A Streetcar Named Desire (1947)
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955)
Suddenly Last Summer (1958)
Sweet Bird of Youth (1959)
• William Styron (1925-2006)
Lie Down in Darkness (1951). This novel revisits Faulkner’s As I lay dying
The Confessions of Nat Turner (1967)
Sophie’s Choice (1979)
• Cormac McCarthy (1933 - )
Outer Dark (1968). An extremely morbid fable.
Child of God (1973)
No Country For Old Men (2005)
The Road (2006)
Famous Plays:
• Arthur Miller (1915-2005)

2

Death of a Salesman (1949)
The Crucible (1953)
More positive authors of the South:
• John Steinbeck (1902-1968)
The Grapes of Wrath (1939)
Writers who kept close to the spirit of adventurous freedom in Western and
Northern Wilderness:
• Jack London (1876-1916)
White Fang (1903)
The Call of the Wild (1906)
• Willa Cather (1873-1947)
O’ Pioneers (1913)
My Antonia (1918)
8) The Beats…
• Henry Miller (1891-1980)
Tropic of Cancer (1934)
Tropic of Capricorn (1939)
“The Rosy Crucifiction” A trilogy made up of 3 novels: Sexus (1945), Plexus 1949), Nexus (1960)
• Jack Kerouac (1922-1969)
On The Road (1957)
• The beat poet Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997)
“Howl” (1956)
• William S. Burroughs (1914-1997)
Junkie (1953)
Naked Lunch (1959)
• Norman Mailer (1923-2007)
A booklet: The White Negro (1957)
The Naked and the Dead (1948)
Why are We in Vietnam (1967)
The Armies of the Night (1968)
…and counterculture
• Hunter S. Thompson (1937-2005)
Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1971)
• Ken Kesey (1935-2001)
One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1962)

3


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