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Dictionary of Islamic Terms .pdf



Nom original: Dictionary_of_Islamic_Terms.pdf
Titre: Dictionary of Islamic Terms

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A
DICTIONARY
OF
ISLAMIC
TERMS
English - Arabic

and
Arabic - English

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ali Alkhuli

INTRODUCTION
I felt the need for a dictionary of Islamic terms while I was writing
some English books on Islam to introduce the Islamic religion to
non-Muslims. I also found that many Arab writers of such English
books have the same feeling about the need for such a dictionary because
~slanlicterms are available in Arabic, to begin with. Therefore, I
developed the intention to compile a bilingual Arabic-English dictionary
and an English-Arabic dictionary on Islamic terms. The result of this
intention has been this dictionary.
This dictionary contains the terms related to the Holy Quran, the
Sunna, worship, transactions, manners, penal laws, the permitted, the
prohibited, marriage, divorce, waiting period, inheritance, jurisprudence, pillars of Islam, God's names, Prophets' names, names of the
Quranic chapters, many terms that may come under the umbrella of
"Islamic terms9', and terms needed in comparative religious studies.
To facilitate using this dictionary, I would like to mention the
following:
1. In Arabic entries, the verb appears in the past form.
2. In English entries, the verb appears in the infinitive form.

3 . In Arabic entries, the definitive a1 is omitted whenever necessary. It
only appears when it is an inseparable part of the noun.
4. Arabic words are almost completely vocalized in both dictionaries
to make it easier for the reader and more accurate for the researcher.
5. In cases of English multiple synonyms of an Arabic entry or cases
of Arabic multiple synonyms of an English entry, priority has been given
to the most frequent and most suitable synonym.

6. No explanation of terms has been given in this dictionary o n the
assumption that the user must know what the term refers to and that the
sole objective of this dictionary i s , t o give the synonym in the other
language.
7. Minimal explanation of some terms has been given in cases of
semantic ambiguity or semantic multiplicity.

8. If an entry has several synonymous words, these words appear
unnumbered one under the other.
9. If an entry has several unsynonymous equivalents, they appear one
under the other with a serial number before each.

10. If a word,of an Arabic origin appears in English orthography, it is
written in italics.

I do ask God, the Most High, the Most Able, t o guide us to the
aight way. Amen.
Dr. Muhammad Ali Abdul Marim Alkhuli

the posterity of Jacob

+&:ji
di

favors
gifts
chiefs of unfaith
enjoiner of good

by

$I

dJ;;;14 >i

21
-

W. I

amen

+AI hi

-,

-

J

silver vessels
Signs of Allah
allegorical verses

S!

>;!

be entrusted

$i

sinful

believe
gold vessels

entrust

,

,

-,

&I &@

> & k G &bi

L9.3I

the sinful

;I
:kq\

the Last
the Hereafter
the End and the

,$YI,

ikq\
+YI

Beginning

-

Adam

fa I

Azar
the Approaching Day

>'-

corruptible
usurer

&i

verse of inheritance

~ l $ l

the Greatest Sign

& $ J I &y\
>

-

the family of Abraham
the family of Imran

verse of inheritance

QJ\y!

foster father

YUJL.;~~
3
7 the family of Lot

originate creation
create and restore

&,74
id, q

Pharaoh's people
Moses' family
Aaron's faniily

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ji
p*. ji
bj ji
2 ,ji
p,+ ji

p\>

F*!

decency

reward of the Hereafter i,+$I

modesty

&& $

great reward

jli2-t
,

monopoly

,

monopolize

unfailing reward

& !

generous reward

have a wet dream

++

disciplinary act

:&-$

d o &

>D:

3$

!$!
&I

+ R~

great reward

wet dream
the One

d&

>+

$

;$I'
5

criminality

one of the two fixed

the appointed time

&$!

the appointed term

terms
one of the best two
bodily discharging

2

1

row completion

( i U \

~ G I appointed term

21
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fL&

gj2i
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sin

FG!

consecration
on-pilgrimage state

tL&;

consensus of opinions

$lgyr

Confederates, the

consensus of the

k.4-I

the doing of good
good-will
do good

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become jun ub

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best guidance
$,,

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consensus of people

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ddl tG\

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the best of moulds

LG!

Companions
consensus of jurists

0

i$&ll

2

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+I
a

laborer
priests

marriage

k&-~endowments

be married

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make fruitless

E

;L;!
s3-,i
:'>+I

b-;i

leper (n.)
invalidate

wrongdoing

I blees

manifest sin

9$!

Lucifer

2$/

Satan

>,

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d

sinful

consensus

Abrahamic

invalidate prayer

Twelvers

fixed time

Abraham

guilt

&

appointed time

3)

false accusation

great sin
,

i~ fulfilling oaths

&I

4

pass urine, stool, or wind

the best in character

flj+

reveal and conceal
the righteous

ma t.:.iage

retrospective effect

judicial proceedings

the One and Only

G~jJ\
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consummation of

*

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fulfill his invocation

6i.k; +k+i

exercise of judgment

:+I

@I

u, i+!

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y"\

gates of Paradise
paternity
the followers of the

judgment in a juristic system
exercise of

foster niece
step-daughter

judgment in legislation
exercise of

the son of Mary
son's daughter

wicked

exercise of

wayfarer

2 j+l

, ,

judgment in particular cases

Supporters
follow one's lusts
beget a son

grandparents

fear Allah

reward

confidence in Allah

i ~ j ! perform pilgrimage

blood relatives

e$J
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the Most Merciful of
the Merciful

perform umra

jy

old geriatric age
feeblest old age

the Holy Land

claim
allegation

;$'st,

the meanest
jointly-owned land

perform prayer

,,

Idrees
adopted sons

* L A ' /jl
'

ha1

mischief

breast-feeding

tuj!

call to prayer

suckle ( v t . )

-j1

prayer call
first call

give suck
the pillars of Islam

ig'i

?%YI

3

pillars of faith

-

z

S' L 5 y 3 q

articles of faith

night and day
difference of

fall short in the

ijgl

morals

call to prayer

moralities

call to prayer

Islamic morals

arrows

ijj;

Brethren of Purity

want it crooked

brethren in faith

SCL1

lords

brotherhood

&L;!

apostasy

fraternity

the riding of two

the good ones

revert from

loan payment

myths of the ancients
old-world fables
the Tribes

b ~ ; t l

ordinances of Islam

f %1 F
w
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tenets of Islam
laws of inheritance

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the Wisest of Judges

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(2) end consecration
which is lawful

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grant life
the living

&YI

" ~ ti3 ~

foster-brother
d

free will

y1
3

treat as lawful that

worship

gracious manners

ij

d

sincerity in

the Divine Will

>Y
;,\

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sincerity

first call to prayer

;LA

grandchildren

(1) permit

balance

JI~I

tales of the ancients

*

2
1

$1

below-waist cloth

?&I

GI

give undue measure

good manners

prisoners of war

,

a

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prove the Truth

defecation

Seats of Dignity

abuse of honor

.

intermingle (vi.)

Lji

+\

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._

schools

widow

the Apostle's consorts j&Jl iljji

guard her chastity

consanguine brother
J

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d

j&f

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ah 3

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uterine brother

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foster-sister
full sister

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consanguine sister

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a;1

crime commission

performance of prayer ;%.&I1

commit a crime

oath-taking

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s

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uterine sister

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2

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castration
intermingling of the

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two sexes
alternation of

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<

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(1) submit himself t o Allah

seminal emission

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(2) embrace Islam

the Most Beautiful

41:;;I;

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Names of Allah

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Isma'il
transmitted chain

3

wash one's nose

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drawing lots

?%.!

,
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;I

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jest

excellent example
good example

a

captive

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prisoner of war

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stipulate

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insolent

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evil-doers

*

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mock at

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exact full measure

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associate partners with

<

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take for a night journey

+
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call God t o witness

the forbidden months k 3 l %$\
the makers of the
pit
the Companions of
the Wood

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r

A>.L~YI U&/

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qL&!

,

r

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be extravagant
the lowest of the low

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dropping the

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Islam

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J

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2 k4 ~

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for public good

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igh 6+!

seek food of God
revocation of a gift

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J
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b

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for entering
present oneself to captivity

>h,

tyranny

~ I., G
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empty-uterus inquiry

,.

heavy brocade

cji!

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thick silk

A& ;GI,

seek refuge with Allah

,

,

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A&
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seek God's help

ask one t o repent

$GI,

feel shame

+
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(womb) bleeding between
periods

*

a! clean private parts with

be modest

3Ll

&[

LL!

+!

ask for forgiveness

+!

stones
shaving the pelvic region

seek forgiveness

shaving pubic hair

ask for a legal verdict

&
'!

preference

k&l

approval

rectitude
face the Ka'ba

A&\

, ,

&!

@\

iGY'

-$&!

be arrogant
seek clothing of God

, ,

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"4 : j

G, l,

(J&)I) ~ G I ,

,

\*

&!

w\

invoking G o d for guidance ;jL&!

e+~ J>b
L9 Y
;: 1 'L\
revoke repudiation
a
1@>!

inferrence

&\ 1-

ei;li

ask one t o take a n oath
feel shy

face the Qibla

+i

i l G, l,

a

discharge of semen
v

w!

P Q

asking permission

, a /

waste

intoxicate

deduction

, ,

backbite

conceal

punishment
.$$I

;GI

appeal for refuge

>i
z

join partrers with God

invoking God for rain
be martyred

perfectly

seek God's protection

+ ak>i

the Night Journey

conceal and reveal

God

%!

?&

perform ablution

!

Isaac
prisoners of war

ask for water

gift revocation

draw lots

speak in private

the bad ones

1

&I,

I

i';

~
,

clean one's private parts

bGY
I
seek guidance of G o d

Isma'ilism

3jL!

enslave

*

using a toothbrush

, ,

sdi

bestow
depart

sol

pour water

seclusion

,&[

seclusion at mosque

amend one's conduct

confine oneself in a mosque&\

idols

seclude oneself in a mosque

principles of Islam

Arafat
proceeding from Arafat

perform umra

jG!

prayer commencement

Ad!
i.2 Ad!

ransom
ransom oneself
ransoming

;I&!, ,

ransom
invent a lie

b ~ A\
.$ & 231
,

against God

non-Arabs
capital punishment

principles of

61i1

LGI

(?jj 3 c3~,
'21;t:

genitals

&d,
-.,

;=+I

isi
cljjl

$L.

backbite

take a bath after

$&I! 3

&I

(1) break the fast

&; seduce

the People of Paradise

jJ,
jGi

the Rass
&I

&d

3L431 &J
5

P

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Quranic heirs

b7

mislead

y&!
!&i*:

feel at ease in sitting

cu,+

feel at ease in

I&+

&Li.$i

the Blazing Fire

o r

&Lib1

f&l

the Companions of &I

the Companions of

9~jkll jGl
("'4'
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&!I

&G&;

the Elephant
the Companions of

$31&
41
&&i

stages
transgress

2 ~ 1

*!

moderation

the Companions of

confession

J&\
d\rj+\

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confess

'29
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the Companions of =\
&k$i

c

holding fast to

4

hold fast to

-! +&I

$&I,

2

~

the City

prostration

+&!
j4~

spermat ism
give wealth

++I

lead astray

3;

i

s

medleys of dreams

the Garden

the Inscription

origins of law
the weakest of faith

91
&,ei

the Companions of

the Companions of

sacrifice

r

greetings

$

execution

rape

&I&L!

+L&i

Hell

the Companions of

jurisprudence

i'*I&\

taking a bath

?Q, >i

$7
+;
t%l~
&d
g&

*

Do right.

isolated pilgrimage
propagate greetings

*I

reveal

j9l&

death

single ritual

ascendants

declaration of marriage

a91

~ G I

reconciliation

*!
&&I

publicity of marriage

God

forge it

$y~

mountains

invent a falsehood against

propagation of

embrace Islam

desertion

presumption of

, ,

the Companions of @I

Fire

,&[

adpi 2 b d > \

the Onrush from

&;
A&\

manumit

the Companions of

;I$

,,

$+$!

the Cave

GU
'\

+Li.$i

the Left Hand
the Right Hand
the Companions of the J & ~ ~ G & i

i

the God of Mankind

slave woman
abstinence from

jc

LGI

,,

food
L

One God

the biggest of the

3

>@I

greatest sins

kinship

more quarrelsome

(2) give up fasting

$\

$J+

liar (n.)

r~Gf
&j\

ordain

ji\

Allah

honoring the guest

slander

ordainment

;i

God

compulsion

obvious lie

deity

coercion

invented falsehood

enjoining what is right dJ94>i

Elias

the Most Bountiful

male relations

advocating good

Elisha

the most honored of you

enjoining good actions

cause death

considering one as a

&ji
$

Divine Imperative

3. i$I,
&,i;T>\

barren woman
indiscreet woman

:,,

(1) married woman

0

(2) chaste woman

s

~!f!

;{>!

divorced woman
* -4.

,jwu$>,

I ,

thrice-divorced

$

+J>b

enjoin the right

,r

woman
refrain from

pisac;!

I

evil-doing
abortion by beating
immovable
properties

+d$~

-.@

2 a$\

movable properties

2&

foster-mother

u

P

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grant death

& 3;

Fie upon you!

$9

$31

disbeliever

in-laws
implement the penalty
the second call

9

deaden

the eating of locusts

prayer leader

bitter fruits

leader

devouring usury

I

the awaited leader

eating out of necessity

I$

a guide and a mercy

born-blind

&i

confession

leadership

veils

kf

dual ritual

prayer leadership

To Him is the return.

trusts

To Him is the return. wl i t JI

(1) honesty

atheism

(2) trust

most quarrelsome

lady slave

awl

$I

$

&$

2
s &jj
~ ~ i
GjJ~
&$i
$&I $1
cia
kdr\)
j,?;

reduced call
the Copts

$; acknowledgement of

8$91
!$+&;'$:
,

paternity

+id\ b J!
-I

id!

L$J&

pilgrimage- umra
corn bination
+
S
J
\

,$

kindred

'

mandatory

&j~

confess

she-slave

abusive language

iGf
uncircumcised person

female slave

god
deity

?CPiJl

,
;iJI

;I$/
;$!

send greetings to

~woman
& slave

&I

religious minority
give satisfaction

i;j;
;ij+l

3;
Af
L~
-*, g&i
>i

&Zi
-

cattle
&ii$!
~~

sinners

$i

the Lord of Forgiveness i$l
, -

j
s
!

assuming ihram

;Fi;

assume ihram

bestow Grace on

&Ul
id,
<

1

~ 5 '

commandments

jji

perform one rak'a
perform one prayer unit

tG!

conducting marriage

,$
4
1$7

Family
3

the Lord of the

will

$1

Righteous

bequeath
bequeath in favor of

1&j!

>$

fulfill one's covenant

+$&

fulfill His covenant

& >j
,&q j j i

fulfill one's vow

2ji

give just measure

J&+I

give just measure

>j

kj!

d 1..,9 1

give just weight
pregnant women

z

JGYI L J ~ !

merge (vt.1
merge night into ,@I

$j!

2 $!I &fj

people of Par-adise
enemy at war
the covenanted

91
+>I

3

g i l $i

people of opinion
wicked people

&Ihi
2d
$i~

the People of the Book +E$!

hi

the People of the Scripture
the People of the Two
Scriptures

( 3 ~ ,i1 +L)

expiry of idda
*

>@I ,$:

dl

,

*,

&+?I

the Book of Jesus
the Gospel of Luke

tij&J

foster-mother

equals

;,ii

equals to God

;!&:i;°f

make a vow

jd

righteous man

sb :GI
;bL,

if God wills
,&I

iI>t

chest
erected posts
the Supporters

sdi
;&yl

21

Helper

z

emit semen

&$y!

the dead

&,A

&JI

$j$
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the Umayyads

the Commander of the &,$I
Faithful
the Leader of the Faithful
repent

$.$

repentence
remorse

41
$f

suicide
dissemination of

f%y ;GI

,,

,,

Islam
*JL:~

Ff
85

stories of the Unseen

the Helpers
Supporter

~QJI

discharge semen

maternity

--

4s

0

21

the Gospel of John

G -gl
>SijGl

A,$?I\

say amen

orphans' wealth

P o .

{/

+E$JI

the Mother of believers

Sp
the Gospel of Matthew $ Sl

expansion of the

people under protection

a%d'ii

> ~ the Mother of the Book
dissolution of marriage c ~ jiGl
,,

immorality

People of the House

inspire

lead the prayer
the Mother of Cities

the Gospel of Mark

$[

idolators
the Memebers of the

reveal

retribution

the Gospel

the liars

injunctions

,,

a

powers

vain desires

revenge

jk:f

war spoils
separation of

+I

&+f

bestow upon

1

desires

;a

disperse through
the land

2j,Yc l 2 b s !

>a

-.$I

belief in the Unknown

4 4 &I

day

belief in angels

. ikl

&$L

I

brief expression of f a i t h s 5L&!
the Knower of the Hidden

21 :&I

the Resurrecter

marriage

Messengers

21:&I
&W,al &Uql
-,

deeds
major (n., adj.)

&

the Evolver

full-grown (adj.)
0

$I;

Days of Ignorance

GWI

the First

appointed days

21:$?p
8
21:&Jl

Ci\;

the Maker

give the oath of allegiance

Days of Mina
(1) matron

allegiance for

e
r( 0

u, AjJ~F

honey drink

hl

&I

fondle her

&
?J~F
,j!

void (adj.)

:JbLJ\

, 1$

&i;

r(

wrongfully

5;:

:kg\

the Generous Provider
falsehood (n.)

the Immanent

,

:jb~
$6

$
&

$1

:;bqI

;I$
J$I

#t

former peoples

&l5,.k

A,,& +$
,

5t

ci;! ek\
\

$

paying zakat
offer

;@I
E I>\
j

I

:y

2 :&hi

vow of continence
oath of desertion

>E

4'

faith
belief in God

God bless you.

& @q

>+I

tender-hearted

fixed number of days

b

s'i?j\

protectors

s21
ifJ
.

Job

give the pledge of allegiance

j,!

possessors of

days of tashreeq

(2) ex-married woman

the Soul-Creator

honey wine

sheltering criminals

the Inventor

ciG

men of understanding

J

G O ~ I

determination

faith

.

be divorced

miserliness

o$y&
k&

judgment
the Originator

jkb:LL&!

j,!
+&IjJ!
f!

blood-relatives

~

the door of the exercise of

JU

slit-ear she-camel

L

interpretation

pass urine

give the pledge of

?*vl

the gate of

the Forever Endurer
enduring good

S

under compulsion

h :&$I &q

the Despatcher of

detailed expression of

severe poverty

ljjy j,;

of physical needs

faith in the Unseen

5L&!
$+541

J&
urination
speech

Jji

after Hijra

LLj

A.H.

the House

a,
:a\ Bakka

the Sacred House

~ I ~ J I

virgin (n.)

the Ancient House

@I

trial

a\

I
.

the treasury
the Muslims' treasury

S&
s

,

*

&

5
;$
:$

obvious trial
g

2 >iGdj

come of age

helmet

proclaim the Message
*,

churches

e
:
*

sale

0,

P

sale of pre-mature

?wg
i>dl
e
# 0,

vegetables
auction sale
touch sale
imaginary sale
pledge of allegiance
between the navel &?Jlj

3 ~ 3&
1i

puberty

ex

marriage

;&

dg'G

two-year she-camel

trade
choice sale

ia;-$
&J1-$

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d)true men

the Earliest Revealed J ~ Y I &I

righteous (adj.)

Books

dower

:L.$dl

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the truthful
Salih

valid

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the Deafening Noise

Books

the Books of Moses

i4b

Sabian

musk seller

the Six Reliable Collections
prayer validity

L?Ql

patient men

the Prophet
the Authentic Six

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( I ) fasting (adj.)

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righteous deeds
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righteous women

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obligatory prayer
prescribed prayer

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campulsory prayer

-

collective prayer
group prayer

clean earth

additional prayer

funeral prayer

supererogatory prayer

light prayer

separate prayer
the middle prayer
crucifixion
backbone
the backbone and

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6
b

on-journey prayer

keeping good relations

r31 &

with relatives
reconciliation

sjjl

3

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amicable settlement
Hudaibiyya Peace-

G&JI &

Treaty
sounding clay
send blessings on

h k

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pray on
pray lying on one's
side

fear prayer

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6a1 forenoon prayer
& noon prayer
& night prayer
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afternoon prayer

ribs

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the Straight Path
swell one's cheeck

Friday prayer

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congregational prayer

voluntary prayer

witr prayer

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clean sand
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Divine Attributes

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prompt dower

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truthfulness
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confirm

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man of truth

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men of truth
the sincere

over look

alms

forgive
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yellowish discharge
the first row

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voluntary charity
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charity

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prayer

charitable act

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Abrahamic prayer

Festival prayer

guidance prayer

dawn prayer .

guidance-appeal prayer

missed prayer

rain-invoking prayer

dawn prayer

prayer by signs

c b-Y5 I, ib

fast-breaking charity

individual prayer

rest prayer

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fast-break charity

obligatory prayer

tara weeh prayer

AI-Fitr charity

prayer while sitting

Ramadan optional

the Way to the Fierce 4

eclipse prayer

night prayer

the patient's prayer

optional prayer

Sunna prayer

optional night prayer

sunset prayer

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woman of truth

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God's Attributes

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deferred dower

latenight prayer

charitable deed

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secret charity
open charity

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compulsory charity

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the Way to Hell

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straight path

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straight way

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fasting
missed fasting
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harming
ailment
suffering

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game

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the Bringer of Distress
astray
lost camel
lost sheep

error

the straying

going astray

forenoon

stray

reciprocal harming

go astray

beating the tambourine

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the Eternal

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idol
monasteries
trumpet

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jut

river game

the Trumpet

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mystic

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land-game

compensatory fast

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bow hunting
headless-arrow
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the five prayers

expiatory fast
undesirable fast

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voluntary fast

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vowed fast

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prohibited food

sect

feeding the needy

the compassing

calumniation

sectarian

overtransgress

sectarianism

legitimate child

obedience

illegitimate child

obedience of the ruler

divorce

evil

most approved

Satan

divorce

transgressors

36 &,

irrevocable divorce
divorce by mutual

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consent
triple divorce
divorce of innovation
irrevocable divorce
delegated divorce

compass round
cricuit
circumambulate (vt.)

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the Great Calamity

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pre-emptor

pure

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approved divorce

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revocable divorce

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approved divorce

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seal his heart

Sufi orders
unlawful food

2

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(1) circumcision

divorce for property Jli

(2) remaining with ablution

ti
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false deities
circumambulation

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injustice

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wrong (vt.)
three veils of darkness
unjust and ignorant

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suspicion
conjecture

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unjust

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oppressor

divorce by zihar

injurious assimilation

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irrevocable divorce
dawn break

clean and pure

purification

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cleanness

good-pure things
sticky clay

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pure

pure men

&

divorce

divorce

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perfume

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the Flood
prolong (vt.)

long-extended shade
black-smoke shade

demand of possession @I

3

the Ascendent over All

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circuit
arrival encompassing

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demand of witnessing

Mount of Sinai

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encompassing

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written divorce
conditional divorce

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farewell encompassing ~ l j i l

wrongful

considering a wife as mother
advent

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wrong-doer

the Evident

zihar

the advent of Islam

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transgressor

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oral divorce

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be clean
purify
sanctify

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the Unseen and the Seen

worshipper
idolator

theologian

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fire worshipper

all creatures

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the fleeting life

pan-Islamism

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the Year of the Elephant &!! ilk
the Elephant Year

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zakat collectors

regular-charity officials
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God's servants

the Ad
menses
abominable custom
the Just
the All-Just

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captive
servants of Allah

seek refuge with God
usufruct gift
temporarily-lent thing

h4,b

righteous servants

the tenth of Muharram

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sneezer

devotional acts

barren (ad].)

devotions

sane

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idolatry
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acts of worship

stone worshipping

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honor
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female

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seclusion
seclusion of women

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celibacy
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the Exalted

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penalty of humiliation a$\ +IL

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perpetual punishment -\j

punishment

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heavens

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straitness
difficulty

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dissipate
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land-yield)

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p*II T h e strongest hand-

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party spirit

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belongings

articles of

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torment

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male slave
manumission

grievous penalty

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adore

chastisement

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manumitting slaves

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insolent impiety

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4
49

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Fire
penalty of the Scorching Fire

uncontrolled animal

penalty of Burning

social justice

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penalty of humiliation
eternal punishment
penalty of the

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heavy punishment

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waiting period
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probation period

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attest him

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( I ) justice

dreadful penalty
grave punishment

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prescribed period

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merchandise
AI-'Uzza

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avowed enemy

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rancor

Hereafter

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fire-worshipping

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nature worship

God's servant

hold

the middle ten

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aggression

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custom
smell of musk

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penalty o f the

the Throne

Arafat

the last ten nights

tribalism

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social justice

stone dedication

penalty

Beneficent

the Path t o Misery

agnates

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palatable a n d sweet

the Exalted in Might
palm-leaf stalks

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Punishment in the grave

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competent witness

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the Age of Ignorance ~ L ; J%
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penalties
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worldly prlnisBrrnent

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deconnposed bones

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creed

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chastity
forgiveness

doctrine

doctrine of Trinity

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parents

doctrine of sonship

infallibility

the Grand
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Islamic creed

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financial penalty

undutifulness to

leaves and stalks

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birth sacrifice
in the Name of Allah
matrimonial

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corporal plnishment
end

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commercial contract

relatioa~ship

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marriage contract

rnarital relationship
in public

beliefs

contract of marriage

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ham-string ir

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marriage tie

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sterility

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God's Knowledge

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science of interpretation

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intention

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knowing the Hour

lntentionally

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knowledge of the Unseen

the Lesser Pilgrimage

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foreknowledge

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acting with limbs
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Satan's handiwork

obligatory knowledge

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righteous deed

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paternal aunt

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pillar of religion

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incurable incompetency
the Covenant of Allah

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God's Covenant
the Old Testament

secularism
the Omniscient

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the All-Knowing
the Knowing
peace be upon him

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wool
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assured knowledge

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foster-uncle

the New Testament

theology
scholars of religion

2

paternal uncle

science of the law

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helping the oppressed C&l

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prayer a n d peace f Q l j 6U1~
be upon him
P. P. B. U. H .

the Most High
the High

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the Two Festivals

dI&dl

the Two Bairams
Jesus
a life of Bliss
flowing spring

j?li

the Chief Deceiver

betrayer

male stranger

the Cave of Hira'

s\>

creditor

the indebted

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holy battle

warrior

invasion

the Overwhelming Event

Tabuk holy battle

the Forgiver of Sin

Moat holy battle

heedless

Trench holy battle

unmindful

bath

unheedful

total ablution

indiscreet

greater ablution

the heedless

full bath

the straying

complete ablution

betray

j.@

taking a bath

betrayal

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purification bath

forenoon endeavor

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menses bath

fine

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washing the dead

banish

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cheating

exile

usurpation

handful of water

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assured sight

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the Festival of Sacrifice

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visiting the sick

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Al-Fitr Bairam
the Festival of FastBreaking

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self-contentment

God's Wrath

booty

lowering the gaze

the Self-sufficient

lower the gaze

the Rich

lower one's voice

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the Most Rich

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forgive

the Unknown

forgiveness

backbiting

the Pardoner

guiltless

negligence

under age

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insane

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booty theft

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exaggeration in

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sense of honor

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speedy victory
manifest victory
the Conquest of Makkah

(1) test (vr.)

26

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wicked disbeliever

the Judge

suckling period

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the successful
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the Fatimids

29
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speaker of bad words

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great sin

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shameful sin
shainefull deed

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lewdness
scandal
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(1) trial

2
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3

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discord
affliction
affliction of the world

,

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open lewdness
untrue

L,Li

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perverse

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affliction of wealth

2'
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affliction of wealth

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afflictions of life +Wll WI k+

transgressors

and death
verdict

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perverted transgressor

the Creator of

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96

the Heavens and the Earth

three-mile distance

formal legal opininon

spread the earth out

the wicked

raised-high thrones

behave impudently

ordain

dawn

obligatory (ad;.)

wickedness

mandatory (ad;.)

lewdness

individual duty

dirty language

;;;;

sufficiency duty

great sin

$p&j

Pharaoh

shameful act

the Discriminator

shameful deed

the Criterion

vainglorious

judicial divorce

(1) ransom

branches o f Islam

(2) expiation

descendants

1

branches of the law

1 compensation

ordinance

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$

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ransom

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(1) enjoined duties

enjoined duty

obligations

religious duty

(2) laws of inheritance

the Great Terror

precsribed shares of
inheritance

mischief

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corruption

scattered moths

moral corruption

separation

irregularity of the
contract

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private parts

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virtue

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breaking the fast
fast-breaking

annulment of a contract
judicial rescission

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judicial annulment

fast-breaking meal ( 2 4
the Prophet's practice

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dissolution of marriage
interpret

GJ1 impiety

the poor
jurisprudence

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transgress

jurisprudent

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wickedness

jurist

transgression

scholar in religion

evil-doing

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licentiousness
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freeing a slave
Noah's ark

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weaning

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the supreme achievement

disgrace (vt.)

the highest achievement

dissolution of marriage

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the supreme felicity

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booty
in the cause of God

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in the way of Allah
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bounty
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