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အရွင္ဉာဏသိဒၶိ ေယာဂီမွတ္စု .pdf



Nom original: အရွင္ဉာဏသိဒၶိ ေယာဂီမွတ္စု.pdf

Ce document au format PDF 1.7 a été généré par Adobe InDesign CS5 (7.0) / Adobe PDF Library 9.9, et a été envoyé sur fichier-pdf.fr le 25/07/2012 à 02:57, depuis l'adresse IP 203.81.x.x. La présente page de téléchargement du fichier a été vue 1032 fois.
Taille du document: 262 Ko (40 pages).
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d cgü &[ef;onf
"r®0dp,oarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;tm;“"r®0dp,oarámZösif onf yGg;rsm;rI
jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/
]]wó wH “"r®H ynm, y0dpdeawm y0dp,awm y&d0DrHoH tmyZÆawm tm&'¨H
a[mwd 0D&,
d H tov'De/H ,o®d H ora,? bdua© 0? bduK© aem wH "r®H ynm, y0dped awm
y0dp,awm y&d0DrHoH tmyZÆawm tm&'¨H a[mwd 0D&d,H tov'DeH? 0D&d,oarámZÑa*Fg
wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem tm&a'¨g a[mwd? 0D&d,oarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K
bma0wd? 0D&d,oarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/

xkdw&m;ukd 0dyóemynmjzifh qifjcifaom pl;prf;aom pHkprf;jcif;odkY a&mufaom
xkdyk*dK¾ vftm; tm;xkwrf I 0D&d,onf jzpf\? 0D&d,onf wGefYwkd qkwfepfjcif; r½dS/ &[ef;wdkY
tMuiftcgü xkdw&m;ukd qifjcifaom pl;prf;aom pHkprf;jcif;odkY a&mufaom &[ef;tm;
tm;xkwfrI0D&d,onf jzpf\? 0D&d,onf wGefYwkd qkwfepfjcif; r½dS/ xkdtcgü &[ef;onf
0D&d,oarámZösifudk tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\? xkdtcgü &[ef;onf 0D&d,oarámZösifudk yGg;rsm;\?
xkdtcgü &[ef;tm;0D&d, oarámZösifonf yGg;rsm;rI jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/

]]tm&'¨ 0D&d,ó OyÜZÆwd yDwd ed&mrdom/ ,o®d H ora,? bdu©a0? bdu©Kaem
tm&'¨0D&d,ó OyÜZÆwd yDwd ed&mrdom? yDwdoarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem
tm&a'¨g a[mwd? yDwdoarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K bma0wd? yDwdoarámZÑa*Fg
wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/


tm;xkwftyfaom 0D&d,½dSoltm; udavomrS uif;aom yDwdonf jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkYtMuiftcgü tm;xkwftyfaom 0D&d,½dSaom &[ef;tm; udavomrS uif;aom
yDwdonfjzpf\? xkdtcgü &[ef;onf yDwdoarámZösifudk tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\? xkdtcgü
&[ef;onf yDwdoarámZösifudk yGg;rsm;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;tm; yDwdoarámZösifonf yGg;rsm;rI
jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/

]]yDwdreó uma,myd yórÇwd? pdwårÜd yórÇwd/ ,o®d H ora,? bdu©a0?
bdu©Kaem yDwdreó uma,myd yórÇwd? pdwårÜd yórÇwd? yó'¨doarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H
ora, bdu©Kaem tm&a'¨g a[mwd? yó'¨doarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K bma0wd?
yó'¨doarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/

ESpfodrfhaom pdwf½dSaom yk*¾dKvf\ ukd,fonfvnf; Nidrf;at;\? pdwfonfvnf;
Nidrf;at;\?&[ef;wdkY tMuiftcgü ESpfodrfhaom pdwf½dSaom &[ef;\ ukd,fonfvnf;
Nidrf;at;\?pdwfonfvnf; Nidrf;at;\? xdktcgü &[ef;onf yó'¨doarámZÑifudk
tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\?xkdtcgü &[ef;onf yó'¨doarámZösifudk yGg;rsm;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;tm;
yó'¨doarámZösifonfyGg;rsm;rI jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/
]]yó'¨um,ó okcad em pdwHå orm"d,wd/ ,o®d H ora,? bdua© 0? bduK© aem
yó'¨um,ó okcdaem pdwåH orm"d,wd? orm"doarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem
tm&a'¨g a[mwd? orm"doarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K bma0wd? orm"doarámZÑa*Fg
wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/

Nidrf;at;aom ukd,f½dSaom csrf;omjcif; ½dSaom yk*¾dKvf\ pdwfonf wnfMunf\/
&[ef;wdkYtMuiftcgü Nidrf;at;aom ukd,f½dSaom csrf;omjcif; ½dSaom &[ef;\ pdwfonf
wnfMunf\?xkdtcgü &[ef;onf orm"doarámZösifukd tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\? xkdtcgü
&[ef;onf orm"doarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;tm; orm"doarámZösifonf
yGg;rsm;rI jynfhjcif;odkYa&muf\/


]]aom wxmorm[dwH pdwåH om"kuH tZÑKayu©dwm a[mwd/ ,o®d H ora,?
bdua© 0? bduK© wxmorm[dwH pdwHå om"kuH tZÑKayu©w
d m a[mwd? Oayu©moarámZÑa*Fg
wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem tm&a'¨g a[mwd? Oayu©moarámZÑ*F wo®d H ora, bdu©K
bma0wd? Oayu©moarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/

xkdyk*¾dKvfonf xkdodkYaom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh wnfMunfaom pdwfukd aumif;pGm
vspfvsL½Ijcif; ½dS\? &[ef;wdkY tMuiftcgü &[ef;onf xkdodkYaom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh
wnf M unf a ompd w f u k d aumif ; pG m vspf v sL½I j cif ; ½d S \ ? xk d t cgü &[ef ; onf
Oayu©moarÁmZösifukd tm;xkwfNyD;jzpf\? xkdtcgü &[ef;onf Oayu©moarámZösifukd
yGg;rsm;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;tm; Oayu©moarámZösifonf yGg;rsm;rI jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/
]],o®d H ora,? bdu©a0? bdu©K a0'emok/ y / pdawå/ "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD
0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZÑma'greóH? Oy|dwmó
wo®d H ora, owd a[mwd tor®K|m/ ,o®d H ora,? bdu©a0? bdu©Kaem Oy|dwm
owd a[mwd tor®K|m? owdoarÁmZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem tm&a'¨g a[mwd?
owdoarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K bma0wd? owdoarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora,
bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/

&[ef;wdkY tMuiftcgü &[ef;onf udavomukd ylyefapwwfaom vkHYvç
qifjcifwwfaom ynmç atmufarhwwfaom owd ½dSonfjzpfí Oyg'geu©E¨m [laom
avmuütbdZösma'greóukd y,fazsmufNyD;vQif a0'emwdkYü/y/ pdwfü/y/ w&m;wdkYü
w&m;ukd tzefzef½Iavh ½dSonfjzpfí ae\? xkdtcgü xkd&[ef;tm; owdonf a&S;½Ixif\?
aysmufysufjcif; r½dS/&[ef;wdkY tMuiftcgü &[ef;tm; owdonf a&S;½Ixif\?
aysmufysufjcif; r½dS? xkdtcgü&[ef;onf owdoarámZösifukd tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\? xkdtcgü
&[ef;onf owdoarámZösifudkyGg;rsm;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;tm; owdoarámZösifonf yGg;rsm;rI
jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/


]]aom wxmoawm 0d[&aÅm wH "r®H ynm, y0dpdewd y0dp,wd
y&d0DrHoH tmyZÆwd/ ,o®d H ora,? bdu©a0? bdu©K wxmoawm 0d[&aÅm wH "r®H
ynm, y0dpdewd y0dp,wd y&d0DrHoH tmyZÆwd? "r®0dp,oarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora,
bdu©Kaem tm&a'¨g a[mwd? "r®0dp,oarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K bma0wd?
"r®0dp,oarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/

xkdodkYaom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh owdESifh jynfhpHkonf jzpfíaeaom xkd&[ef;onf
xkdw&m;ukd 0dyóemynmjzifh qifjcif\? pl;prf;\? pHkprf;jcif;odkY a&muf\/ &[ef;wdkY
tMuif t cgüxk d o d k Y aom tjcif ; t&mtm;jzif h owd E S i f h jynf h p H k o nf jzpf í aeaom
&[ef;onf xkdw&m;ukd0dyóemynmjzifh qifjcif\? pl;prf;\? pHkprf;jcif;odkY a&muf\/
xkdtcgü &[ef;onf "r®0dp,oarámZösifukd tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\? xkdtcgü &[ef;onf
"r®0dp,oarÁmZösifukd yGg;rsm;\?xkdtcgü &[ef;tm; "r®0dp,oarámZösifonf yGg;rsm;rI
jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/
]]wó wH "r®H ynm, y0dpdeawm y0dp,awm y&d0DrHoH tmyZÆawm tm&'¨H
a[mwd 0D&,
d H tov'De/H ,o®d H ora,? bdua© 0? bduK© aem wH "r®H ynm, y0dped awm
y0dp,awm y&d0DrHoH tmyZÆawm tm&'¨H a[mwd 0D&d,H tov’DeH? 0D&d,oarámZÑa*Fg
wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem tm&a'¨g a[mwd? 0D&d,oarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K
bma0wd? 0D&d,oarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/

xk d w &m;uk d 0d y óemynmjzif h qif j cif a om pl ; prf ; aom pH k ; prf ; jcif ; od k Y
a&mufaomxk&d [ef;tm; tm;xkwrf I ]0D&,
d } onf jzpf\? 0D&,
d onf wGeYf wdk qkwef pfjcif;
r½dS/ &[ef;wdkYtMuiftcgü xkdw&m;ukd qifjcifaom pl;prf;aom pHkprf;jcif;odkY a&mufaom
&[ef;tm;tm;xkwfrI ]0D&d,} onf jzpf\? 0D&d,onf wGefYwkd qkwfepfjcif; r½dS? xkdtcgü
&[ef;onf0D&d,oarámZösifukd tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\? xkdtcgü &[ef;onf 0D&d,oarámZösifukd
yGg;rsm;\?xkdtcgü &[ef;tm; 0D&d,oarámZösif onf yGg;rsm;rI jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/

]]tm&'¨0D&d,ó OyÜZÆwd yDwd ed&mrdom/ ,o®d H ora,? bdu©a0? bdu©Kaem
tm&'¨0D&d,ó OyÜZÆwd yDwd ed&mrdom? yDwdoarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem
tm&a'¨g a[mwd? yDwdoarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K bma0wd? yDwdoarámZÑa*Fg
wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/

tm;xkwftyfaom 0D&d, ½dSaomoltm; udavomrS uif;aom yDwdonf jzpf\/
&[ef;wdkYtMuiftcgü tm;xkwftyfaom 0D&d,½dSaom &[ef;tm; udavomrS uif;aom
yDwdonfjzpf\? xkdtcgü &[ef;onf yDwdoarámZösifukd tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\? xkdtcgü
&[ef;onf yDwdoarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;tm; yDwdoarámZösifonf yGg;rsm;rI
jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/
yDwdreó uma,myd yórÇwd? pdwårÜd yórÇwd/ ,o®d H ora,? bdu©a0?
bdu©Kaem yDwdreó uma,myd yórÇwd? pdwårÜd yórÇwd? yó'¨doarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H
ora, bdu©Kaem tm&a'¨g a[mwd? yó'¨doarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K bma0wd?
yó'¨doarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/

ESpfodrfhaom pdwf½dSaom yk*¾dKvf\ ukd,fonfvnf; Nidrf;at;\? pdwfonfvnf;
Nidrf;at;\/ &[ef;wdkY tMuiftcgü ESpfodrfhaom pdwf½dSaom &[ef;\ ukd,fonfvnf;
Nidrf;at;\?pdwfonfvnf; Nidrf;at;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;onf yó'¨doarámZösifukd
tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\?xkdtcgü &[ef;onf yó'¨doarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;tm;
yó'¨doarámZösifonf yGg;rsm;rI jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/
]]yó'¨dum,ó okcdaem pdwåH orm"d,wd/ ,o®d H ora,? bdu©a0?
bdu©Kaem yó'¨dum,ó okcdaem pdwåH orm"d,wd? orm"doarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora,
bdu©Kaem tm&a'¨g a[mwd? orm"doarámZÑ*F H wo®d H ora, bdu©K bma0wd?
orm"doarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/


Nidrf;at;aom ukd,f½dSaom csrf;omjcif; ½dSaom yk*¾dKvf\ pdwfonf wnfMunf\/
&[ef;wdkYtMuiftcgü Nidrf;at;aom udk,f½dSaom csrf;omjcif; ½dSaom &[ef;\ pdwfonf
wnfMunf\?xkdtcgü &[ef;onf orm"doarámZösifukd tm;xkwfNyD; jzpf\? xkdtcgü
&[ef;onf orm"doarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\? xkdtcgü &[ef;tm; orm"doarámZösifonf
yGg;rsm;rI jynfhjcif;odkY a&muf\/

]]aom wxmorm[dwH pdwåH om"kuH tZÑKayu©dwm a[mwd/ ,o®d H ora,?
bdua© 0? bduK© wxmorm[dwH pdwHå om"kuH tZÑKayu©w
d m a[mwd? Oayu©moarámZÑa*Fg
wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem tm&a'¨g a[mwd? Oayu©moarámZÑ*F wo®d H ora, bdu©K
bma0wd? Oayu©moarámZÑa*Fg wo®d H ora, bdu©Kaem bm0emyg&dyl&d H *päwd/ {0H
bm0dwm acg? bdu©a0? pwåma&m owdy|mem {0H A[kvDuwm owå oarámZÑa*F
y&dyla&Åd/

xkd&[ef;onf xkdodkYaom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh wnfMunfaom pdwfukd aumif;pGm
vspfvsL½Ijcif; ½dS\/ &[ef;wdkY tMuiftcgü &[ef;onf xkdodkYaom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh
wnf M unf a ompd w f u k d aumif ; pG m vspf v sL½I j cif ; ½d S \ ? xk d t cgü &[ef ; onf
Oayu©moarámZösifukd tm;xkwNf yD;jzpf\? xkt
d cgü &[ef;onf Oayu©moarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\?
xkt
d cgü &[ef;tm; Oayu©moarámZösifonf yGg;rsm;rI jynfjh cif;odYk a&muf\/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk
yGg;rsm; avhvmxm;aomowdy|mef av;yg;wdkYonf aAmZösif ckepfyg;wdkYudk jynfhapukef\/

]]uxH bm0dwm p? bdu©a0? owå aAmZÑ*Fg uxH A[kvDuwm 0dZÆm0drkwåd
y&dyla&Åd ¿ £" bdu©a0? bdu©K owdoarámZÑ*F H bma0wd 0da0uedódwH 0d&m*edódwH
eda&m”edódwH a0gó*¾y&dPmrd H/ "r®0dp,oarámZÑ*F H bma0wd/ y / 0D&d,oarámZÑ*F
H bma0wd/ yDwdoarámZÑ*F H bma0wd/ yó'¨doarámZÑ*F H bma0wd/ orm"doarámZÑ*F
H bma0wd/ Oayu©moarámZÑ*F H bma0wd 0da0uedódwH 0d&m*edódwH eda&m"”edódwH
D wm 0dZmÆ 0drw
k då
a0gó*¾y&dPmrd /H {0H bm0dwm acg? bdua© 0? owå aAmZÑ*Fg {0H A[kvu
H y&dyla&ÅD}}wd/


&[ef;wdkY tb,fodkY yGg;rsm; avhvmxm;aom aAmZösifckepfyg;wdkYonf 0dZÆm 0drkwåd
[kqkdtyfaom t&[wår*f t&[wåzkdvfwdkY\ tusKd;jzpfaom edAámefukd jynfhapukef
oenf;/&[ef;wdkY &[ef;onf qdwfNidrfjcif; ]0da0u} ü rSDaom wyfpGef;rI ]&m*} uif;&mü
rSDaom csKyf&m]eda&m”}ü rSDaom (udavomudk) pGefYvTwfrI edAámefodkY ajy;0ifrI ]a0gó*¾}
udk &ifu
h sufapwwfaom owd oarámZösifudk yGg;rsm;\/ "r®0pd , oarámZösifudk yGg;rsm;\/y/
0D&d,oarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\/y/ yDwdoarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\/ yó'¨doarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\/
orm"doarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\/

qdwNf idrjf cif; ]0da0u} ü rSaD om wyfpeG ;f rI ]&m*} uif;&mü rSaD omcsKyf&m ]eda&m”}
ü rSaD om (udavomuk)d pGeYf vw
T rf I edAmá efoYkd ajy;0ifrI ]a0gó*¾} ukd &ifu
h sufapwwfaom
Oayu©moarámZösifukd yGg;rsm;\/ &[ef;wdkY þodkY yGg;rsm; avhvmxm;aomaAmZösif
ckepfyg;wdkYonf 0dZÆm0drkwåd [k qkdtyfaom t&[wår*f t&[wåzkdvfwdkY\ tusKd; jzpfaom
edAámefukd jynfhapukef\ [k (rdefYawmfrl\)/
£'ra0gp b*0g/ twårem aw bdu©L b*0awm bmodwH tbdeE´KÅd/
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf þw&m; a'oemawmfukd a[mawmfrl\/ xkd&[ef;wdkYonf
jrwfpGmbk&m;\ w&m; a'oemawmfudk 0rf;ajrmuf 0rf;om vGefpGm ESpfoufukefNyD/

bm0emtvkyfqdkwm
bm0emqdkwm yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfjcif;/

bm0em ye raemur® ar0 -pdwfjzifhvkyf&aomvkyfief;/
(1)orxbm0em?(2)0dyóembm0em/

orxbm0emu orm"d-0dyóembm0emu ynm/
aAm"dyu©d,w&m;


opömodr*f &usdK;wGuf oif;zGJ h&GufaqmifrI/ ("ar®mo")
owdy|mefav;yg;

{um,aem t,H bdu©a0 ra*¾g owåmeH 0dok'¨,mç aomu-y&da'0geH
orwd u ú r m,mç 'k u © - a'greómeH t w¬ * F r m,ç Ó,ó t"d * rm,ç ed A á m eó
opädud&d,m,? ,'d'H pwåma&m owdy|mem/

bdu©a0? &[ef;wdkY? pwåma&m? av;yg;ukefaom/,'d'H-a, £ar owdy|mem?
owdpGJNrJrI [laom tMuifowdy|mefwkdYonf/ oÅd? ½Sdukef\/ t,H?owdpGJNrJrIowdy|mef[al om þtusiv
hf rf;onf/ owåmeH? tvH;k pHak om owå0gtaygif;wkYd \/ 0do'k ,
d¨ m?
pdwftnpftaMu;rS uif;a0;pifMu,fjcif;iSg/ {um,aem ra*¾g?waMumif;wnf;aom
vrf;aywnf;/

aomu-y&da'0geH? pdk;&drfylaqG;&jcif;ç idka<u;&jcif;wkdYudk? orwduúrm,?
vG e f a jrmuf j cif ; iS g ? {um,aemra*¾ g ? waMumif ; wnf ; aom vrf ; aywnf ; /
'ku©a'greómeH?udk,fqif;&J pdwfqif;&JwkdY\? tw¬*Frm,? csKyfNidrf;uG,faysmufjcif;iSg?
{um,aemra*¾g? waMumif;wnf;aom vrf;aywnf;/ Ó,ó t"d*rm,? t&d,mr*fukd
&jcif;iSg? edAámeó opädud&d,m,? edAámefudk rsufarSmufûyjcif;iSg/ {um,aem ra*¾g?
waMumif;wnf;aom vrf;aywnf;/

£" bdu©a0 bdu©K uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wdçtmwmyD orÜZmaem
owdrmç0dae,s avmau tbdZÑma'greóH/


£" bdu©K?þomoemawmfu &[ef;onf/tmwmyD?or®yÜ"mef vHkYv0D&d,
½Sdonfjzpfí/owdrm? owd½Sdonfjzpfí/ orÜZmaem? rSefpGmodonfjzpfí/ uma,?
½kyftaygif;udk,fü/ um,mEkóD? ½kyftaygif;rQ[k ½Ijrifvsuf/ avmau? ½Ijriftyfaom
½kyftaygif; avmuü/tbdZÑm-a'greóH?r½IrdvQif jzpfEdkifaom tbdZÑmESifh a'greóudk/
0g? avmbESifh a'goudk/ 0dae,s? jzpfcGifhr&atmif w'*Fç 0du©rÇe y[meftm;jzifh
y,f½Sm;azsmufzsufí/ 0d[&wd? ae\/

a0'emok a0'emEkyóD 0dp&wdçtmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrmç0dae,savmau
tbdZÑma'greóH/
tmwmyD?or®yÜ"mef vHkYv0D&d, ½Sdonfjzpfí/owdrm? owd½Sdonfjzpfí/ orÜZmaem?
rSefpGmodonfjzpfí/ a0'emok?cHpm;rIrsSjzpfaoma0'emwdkUü/ a0'emEkyóD?cHpm;rIrQ[k
½Ijrifvsuf/avmau? cHpm;rIrsSjzpfaoma0'emwdk h avmuü/tbdZÑm - a'greóH?r½IrdvQif
jzpfEdkifaom tbdZÑmESifh a'greóudk/ 0g? avmbESifh a'goudk/ 0dae,s? jzpfcGifhr&atmif
w'*Fç 0du©rÇe y[meftm;jzifh y,f½Sm;azsmufzsufí/ 0d[&wd?ae\/

pd a wå pd w å m Ek y óD 0d [ &wd ç tmwmyD orÜ Z maem owd r mç 0d a e,s
avmautbdZÑma'greóH/

tmwmyD- or®y"Ü mef vHYk v0D&,
d ½So
d nfjzpfí? owdrm- owd½o
dS nfjzpfí? orÜZm
aem-rSefpGmodonfjzpfí? pdawå- BuHodrIrQjzpfaom pdwfü? pdwåmEkyóD- BuHodrIrQ[k
½Ijrifvsuf? avmau- ½Ijriftyfaom BuHodrIavmuü?tbdZÑm - a'greóH? r½IrdvQif
jzpfEdkifaom tbdZÑmESifh a'greóudk? 0g?avmbESifh a'goudk? 0dae,s ?jzpfcGifhr&atmif
w'*Fç 0du©rÇe y[meftm;jzifh y,f½Sm;azsmufzsufí/ 0d[&wd? ae\/

"ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wdçtmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrmç 0dae,s avmau
tbdZÑma'greóH/

tmwmyD? or®yÜ"mef vHkYv0D&d,½Sdonfjzpfí/ owdrm? owd½Sdonfjzpfí/ orÜZmaem?
rSefpGmodonfjzpfí?"ar®ok? rNrJ qif;&J tpdk;vJ;r& twår[kwfaom oabmw&m;wkdYü/
"r®mEkyóD?rNrJ qif;&J tpd;k vJ;r& twår[kwaf om oabmw&m;rQ[k ½Ijrifvsuf/ avmau?
½Ijriftyfaom oabmw&m;avmuü/ tbdZÑm-a'greóH? r½IrdvQif jzpfEdkifaom
tbdZÑmESifha'greóudk/ 0g? avmbESifh a'goudk/ 0dae,s? jzpfcGifhr&atmif w'*Fç 0du©rÇe
y[meftm;jzifh y,f½Sm; azsmufzsufí/ 0d[&wd? ae\/
wpf rS av;odkU
owdwpfom?jzpfwHkygvnf;?,l&mtm½Hk?av;yg;pHkcJh?½SKyHkjcif;&m?av;rsdK;omwnf;? y,f
cGgudp?ö jzpfjyefuvSsif?av;yg;yifrUkd ?wdUk yif&iS af pm?av;rsdK;a[monf?rSwaf vmowdy|mefwnf;/
(r[m*E¨m½Hkq&mawmf)





um,mEkyóem owdy|mef? udavomxl ÓPfxdkif;ol yGg;,lowdjyK/
a0'emEkyóem owdy|mef? udavomrsm; ÓPfxufjim; ½IyGg;owdjyK/
pdwåmEkyóem owdy|mef? 'd|d,lrsm; ÓPfxdkif;jim; ½IyGg;owdjyK/
"r®mEkyóem owdy|mef? udavomyg; ÓPfxufjim;½IyGg;owdjyK/ ("ar®mo")


£wd tZÑwåH 0g “"ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd? A[d'¨g 0g “"ar®ok “"r®mEkyóD
0d[&wd? tZÑwåA[d'¨g 0g”"ar®ok “"r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ ork',”"r®mEkyóD 0g “"ar®ok
0d[&wd? 0,”"r®mEkyóD 0g “"ar®ok 0d[&wd?ork',0,”"r®mEkyóD 0g “"ar®ok
0d[&wd/ tw¬d “"r®mwd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd/ ,m0a'00ÓPrwåm,
y#dówdrwåm,? tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg
bdu©a0 bdu©K“"ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd yOöokOyg'geu©aE¨ok/


£wd? þqkt
d yfNyD;aomenf;jzif/h tZÑwå0H g "ar®o?k rdr\
d oabmw&m;wkYd ürlvnf;/
"r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd?oabmw&m;rQ[k ½Ijrifvsufae\/ A[d'¨g 0g "ar®ok? tjyifyjzpfaom
olwyg;\ oabmw&m;wkYd ürlvnf;/“"r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd? oabmw&m;rQ[k ½Ijrifvsuaf e\/
tZÑwåA[d'g¨ 0g "ar®o?k &Hcg rdr\
d oabm w&m;wkYd ü &Hcg olwyg;\ oabmw&m;wkYd ürlvnf;/
“"r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd? oabmw&m;rQ[k ½Ijrifvsuf ae\/“"ar®ok? oabmw&m;wkdYü/
ork',”"r®mEkyóD 0g? jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh jzpfrIoabmudk ½Ijrifvsufrlvnf;/0d[&wd?
ae\/ "ar®o?k oabmw&m;wkYd ü/ 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g? ysufaMumif;w&m;ESihf ysufro
I abmudk
½Ijrifvsufrlvnf;/ 0d[&wd? ae\/“"ar®ok? oabmw&m;wkdYü/ ork',0,”"r®mEkyóD
0g? jzpfaMumif;ç ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifhjzpfrIç ysufrIoabmudk ½Ijrifvsufrlvnf;/ 0d[&wd?
ae\/ 0g ye? owdxifyHk wenf;um;/ "r®m? owå0gaumif toufaumif r[kwfaom
oabmw&m;rQwkdYonfomvQif/ tw¬Dwd? ½SdMuonf[lí/ tó owd? xkd&[ef;\
trSwf&rI owdonf/ ypöKy|dwm a[mwd?a½S;½Ixif\/ om owd? xdkodkYxifaom
owdonf/ ,m0a'0 ÓPrwåm,? tqifq
h ift
h m;jzifh todÓPf wk;d yGg;½kt
H vdYk igS omwnf;?
,m0a'0 y#dówdrwåm,? tqifhqifhtm;jzifh wzeftrSwf&rI wkd;yGg;½kH tvdkYiSgomwnf;/
aom bdu©K? xdkodkYtrSwf&vsuf odjrifaeaom &[ef;onf/ tedódawm p? wPSm'd|djzifh
rrSDrwG,frlívnf;/ 0d[&wd? aeonf rnf\/ avmau? Oyg'geu©E¨m ig;yg;wnf;[laom
avmuxJü/ udOöd? wpHkwckaom½kyfça0'emç onmç ocFg&ç 0dnmPfudkrQ/ e p Oyg'd,wd?
igaumifç ighOpöm[k'd|d wPSmwkdYjzifh pGJvnf; rpGJvrf;awmhNyD/ bdu©a0? &[ef;wkdY/ bdu©K?
&[ef;onf/yOöoOk yg'geu©aE¨ok "ar®o?k ig;yg;ukeaf omOyg'geu©Em¨ rnfuek af omw&m;wkYd ü/
{0rÜd acg? þqdktyfcJhNyD;aom enf;jzifhvnf;/ "r®mEkyóD? owå0gaumif toufaumif
r[kwfaomoabmw&m;rQ[k ½Ijrifvsuf/ 0d[&wd? ae\/ (owdy|meokwf)
or®yÜ"gefav;yg;



OyÜEémeH ygyumeH y[mem, 0g,marm/ jzpfcJhygyg raumif;wm BudK;pm;y,f&rnf
tEkyÜEémeH ygyumeH tEkyÜg'g, 0g,marm/ rjzpfygyg rjzpf&m wm;wmBudK;pm;rnf


tEkyEÜ mé eH ukovmeH OyÜg'g, 0g,marm rjzpfaumif;rI jzpfaprI BudK;pm;umjyKrnf

OyÜ E é m eH uk o vmeH bd a ,smbm0g, 0g,marm jzpf j yD ; aumif ; rI wd k ; yG g ;rI
BudK;pm;umjyKrnf / (“"ar®mo"”)
£'¨dyg'fav;yg;

qE´d'¨dyg'f? qE´ryg -roGm;omí-bmnmc&D;-rjyD;pD;-csnf;ESD;b0rsdK;
0D&d,d'¨dyg'f? &J&ifhr&Sd-vGefysif;&d-rnfonfhcgrStm;rjynfh/
pdwåd'¨dyg'f? tvkyfcGifrSm-pdwfryg-bmnmudpöt½HI;jy/
0DrHod'¨dyg'f? 0DrHouif;-pdwfrvif;-cyif;wGif;jyifrvSnfhom/

(0e0goD OD;aÚ,s"r®-ed'gef;owdy|mef)
£ajE´ig;yg;
o'd¨ajE´? ,HkBunfrIwGif pdk;ocif ac:wGif£ajE´
0D&d,dajE´? &J&ifhjcif;wGif pdk;ocif ac:wGif£ajE´
owdajE´? odrSwfrIwGif pdk;ocif ac:wGif£ajE´
orm"dajE´? wnfjidrfrIwGif pdk;ocif ac:wGif£ajE´

yndajE´? odÓPfbufwGif pdk;ocif ac:wGif£ajE´ / ("ar®mo")
Adkvfig;yg;
o'¨gAdkvf? wPSmtBudKuf o'¨gwdkuf AdkvfxdkuftEdkif&
0D&d,Adkvf? (rpGefU&JrI)aumoZÆus 0D&d, AdkvfutEdkif&
owdAdkvf? (arhwwfrI)rk|owd vJjydKbd owdtEdkif&

orm"dAdkvf? (ysH hvTifhrI)0dau©yudk wdkufcgjzdK orm"dAdkvfutEdkif&
ynmAdkvf? oar®m[awG usqHk;ap ÓPfawGtEdkif& / ("ar®mo")

qefUusifzufudk wdkufcdkufjzdK tm;Adkvfþig;pk

aAmZÑifckESpfyg;
xyfumxyfum odwwfwm rSwfygaAmZÑifjrwf



BuD;xGm;&ifhoef vufawmifyH wufysHr*fÓPfjrwf




owdoarámZÑif? aumif;aomowd tjrJ&Sd ay:vmod"gwf tjrJrSwf

"r®0dp,oarámZÑif? t½IcHay:wGif jrJqifjcif wGif;jyiftESH hÓPfuuyf

0D&d,oarámZÑif? ysif;xdkif;r&Sd BudK;pm;bd 0D&d,uyftusifhjrwf
yDwdoarámZÑif? &Sdwmodwm udkufaomcg pdwfrSmauseyfyDwd"gwf

yó'¨doarámZÑif?udk,fa&mpdwfyg jidrf;at;vm rSwfumaetyfyó'¨d"gwf
orm"doarámZÑif? rysH hwnfae ½Iodae jidrfaeorm"drSwf
Oayu©moarámZÑif? uHaBumif;uHusdK; oufZdk;ryg tewåm[k vspfvsLjyK

wGifrIOayu©m"gwf/ ("ar®mo")
avmukwå&mr*¾if &Spfyg;
ynmr*¾if ESpfyg;? or®m'd|d? or®mouFyÜ

oDvr*¾if oHk;yg;? or®m0gpm? or®mur®Å? or®mtmZD0

orm"dr*¾if oHk;yg;? or®m0g,mr? or®mowd? or®orm"d
0dok'¨dckESpfyg;
(0dyóem ur®|meH 0dok'd¨ab')

0dyóem ur®|mae ye oDv0dok'¨d pdwå0dok'¨d 'dd|d0dok'¨d ucFg0dw&P0dok'¨d
r*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe0dok'¨d y#dy'gÓP'óe0dok'¨d ÓP'óe0dok'¨d apwd owå0da"e
0dok'¨do*Fa[m/
oDv0dok'¨d

ygwad rmu©o0H &oDvH £jE´,
d oH0&oDvH tmZD0yg&o
d 'k o
d¨ v
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d w
d oDvaOöwd
pwkyg&dok'¨doDvH oDv0dok'¨d emr/


0dyóemtajccHoDvav;yg;

tajccHoDv pifBu,frS pdwfcsusifhedkifrnf/

1/ ygwdarmu©oH0&oDv
wHarmau©wd armp,wd tmyg,dum'D[d 'kau©[d twåmEk0g'g'D[d 0g

ba,[Dwd ygwdarmu©H /


tyg,f'ku© rkcsuif;uGm



rdrdudk,fvnf; pGyfpGJppGm



ab;b,rS a0;yapwm



rSwfvdkufbd ygwdarmufonm/ (0denf;tar;tajzusrf;-OD;aum0d')



þoDvudk o'¨gpdwfjzifh xdrf;odrf;apmifha½Smufyg/




2/ £NE´d,oH0&oDv
pu©Kem oH0a&mom"k ? om"kaomawe oH0a&m Cmaee oH0a&m om"k

om"k Zd0Sm, oH0a&m/ uma,e oH0a&m om"k ? om"k 0gpm, oH0a&m reom
oH0a&m om"k? om"k oAáw¬ oH0a&m / ("r®y'-2)

360/ tukodkvf rjzpf&ef pu©K'Gg&ü apmifhpnf;ydwfqdkYrIonf aumif;\/
aomw'Gg&üapmifhpnf;ydwfqdkYrI onf aumif;\/ Cme'Gg&ü apmifhpnf; ydwfqdkYrIonf
aumif;\/ Zd0Sg'Gg&üapmifhpnf;ydwfqdkYrIonf aumif;\/

361/ um,'G g &ü apmif h p nf ; yd w f q d k Y rI o nf aumif ; \/ 0pD ' G g &ü
apmifhpnf;ywfqdkYrIonfaumif;\/ raem'Gg&ü apmifhpnf; ydwfqdkYrIonf aumif;\/
tvHk;pkHaom 'Gg&wdkYü apmifhpnf;ydwfqdkYrIonf aumif;\/ tvHk;pkHaom'Gg&wdkYü apmifhpnf;
ydwfqdkYEdkifaom &[ef;onfqif;&Jtm;vHk;rS vGwfajrmufEdkif\/
þoDvudk owdw&m;jzifh xdrf;odrf;apmifha½Smufyg/

3/ tmZD0yg&dok'¨doDv


yOödrm bdu©a0 0PdZÆm Oygoaue tu&PD,m? uwrm yOö ¿



ow¬0PdZÆm ? owå0PdZÆm ? rHo0PdZÆm ? rZÆ0PdZÆm ? 0do0PdZÆm £rmacg



bdu©a0 yOö0PdZÆm Oygoaue tu&PD,mwd / (oDvu©E¨0*¾t|uxm)



toufarG;rI pifMu,fap&ef vufeufav;jr§m;?vlom;owå0g?tom;ig;?



rl;,pfaq;0g;?tqdyfrsm;udk a&mif;0,fazmufum;jcif; rjyKygESifh/
þoDvudk 0d&d,w&m;jzifh xdrf;odrf;apmifha½Smufyg/

4/ ypö,oEédódwoDv


1/ ouFef;ukd 0wf½kHwkdif; qifjcif&ef


csrf;ylukdzsuf? jcifrSwfavae? uif;a>r vTJokef? [d&D*kPfukd? ukefapwwfpGm?
ukd,ft*Fgukd? vkHygapvkd?ukd,fukdpHy,f? qifjyifr,f[k? pdwf0,frwrf;? þouFef;ukd?
zkH;vTrf;okH;aqmifygownf;/

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a>r? uif; rukduf&atmif0wf½kH&onf/ av? aeylrxdatmif 0wf½kH&onf/ ,ifaumif?
ykd;rTm; rem;rtkH&atmif 0wf½kH&onf/ ukd,ft*FgvkHûcHatmif 0wf½kH&onf/

2/ ausmif; tdyf&mokdY0ifwkdif; qifjcif&ef

csrf;ylukdzsuf? jcifrSwfavae? uif;a>ra0;rI? Owkab;bsrf;? roef;uif;pif?
pdwfMunfvifaMumif;? ae&mausmif;ukd? udef;atmif;rSDckdygownf;/

þ ausmif ; td y f & mae&muk d rcsrf ; &atmif ok H ; aqmif & onf / ryl & atmif
okH;aqmif&onf/ ,ifaumif? ykd;rTm;rem; rtkH&atmif okH;aqmif&onf/ &moDOwkaMumifh
rusef;rrmrjzpf&atmif okH;aqmif&onf/ qdwfNidrfrI&atmifokH;aqmif&onf/


3/ qGrf;vkwfwkdif; qifjcif&ef

þonfhpm;zG,f? tr,fr,fukd? jrL;&,frmef<u? vSya&qif;? jynfhûzd;jcif;iSm?
rok;H ygbl;? av;jzm"mwfaqmif? þuk,
d af umifonf? ½Snaf tmifwnfvsuf? toufrQwef;?
rarmyef;jim;? bk&m;omoem? usifhESpfjzmukd? usifhygEkdifap? a0'ema[mif;opf? rjzpfap&?
,mykdufrQvpf? cyfodrf;jypfukd? rjzpfavatmif csrf;ajrUatmif[k?okH;aqmifrSD0Jygownf;/

þpm;zG,af omufz,
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þuk,
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I if;atmif pm;ok;H &onf/
oDv? orm"d? ynmtusiu
hf u
dk siEhf idk af tmif pm;ok;H &onf/ 'kua© 0'ema[mif;rsm;aysmufatmif?
'kua© 0'emtopf rjzpfatmif pm;ok;H &onf/uJ&h UJ zG,f tjypfuif;atmif? csrf;ompGmae&atmif
roifhwmukda½Smifrnf/ oifhavsmf½kHom pm;okH;rnf/

4/ azsmf&nfpaom aq;ukdokH;aqmifwkdif; qifjcif&ef

usifemcHcuf? ESdyfpufzdpD;? jzpfNyD;jzpfvm? a0'emukd? pGefYcGmy,fvsOf;? qif;&Juif;í?
vlrif;jrwfpmG ?omoemuk?d Munfom½Tiv
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a&m*ga0'emaysmufatmif okH;aqmif&onf/ qif;&JNidrf;atmif okH;aqmif&onf/
þoDvudk ynmw&m;jzifh xdrf;odrf;apmifha½Smufyg/
pdwå0dok'¨d


Oypm&orm"d tyÜemorm"d apwd 'k0da"myd orm"d pdwå0dok'¨d emr/



eD0&Ppif pdwfBunfvif tjrifrSefedkifrnf/
'd|d0dok'¨d



vu©P&oypöKy|mey'|me0ao emr½ly y&d*¾a[m 'd|d0dok'¨d emr/



jrif,lpifBu,f oabme,f aBumif;uG,fusdK;uG,fodedkifrnf/

ucFg0dw&P0dok'¨d


aw oar0 p emr½lygeH ypö,y&d*¾a[m ucFg0dw&P0dok'¨d emr/



,HkrSm;uif;pif aBumif;usdK;jrif OmPfpOf0ifedkifrnf/
r*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe0dok'¨d


wawm y&H a'G wDPd zvpdwåmed y0wådwGm b0*Fygawm0 a[mwd?yke b0*F¯
a0gpäÅ
d w
d mG ypöa0u©PÓPmed y0wåÅ/d r*¾H zvOö edAmá eH ypöa0u©wyd @dawm?[Dae udavao
aoao0 ypöa0u©wd 0ge0gqAáo
d 'k u
d¨ arae0H bma0waAám pwkAadÇ "mÓP'óe0do'k ed¨ mr
ra*¾g y0kpöwd/


r*fOmPfay:vsSif edAámefjrif tpOfrSefayonf/ ("ar®mo")
0dyóemOmPfq,fyg;


wawm y&H ye wxm y&d*¾[dawok/oyÜpöa,ok awblru ocFga&ok
twDwm'dab'bdaE´okE¨m'de, rm&AÇ uvmy0aoe ocØydwGm tedpöH c,a|e?'ku©H
b,a|e?tewå m tom&ua|emwd ? t'¨ g e 0aoe oÅwd 0 aoe cP0aoe
0gor®oeÓaPe vu©Pwå,H or®oÅów aoG0 ypö,0aoe cP0aoep
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y*¾a[m?okcH OmP rky|me-rkayu©mp eduÅd apwd/Bobmom'd 0dyóEkyuúdavo y&dyE¦
y&d*¾[0aoe r*¾gr*¾ vu©P 00w¬meH r*¾gr*¾OmP'óe0dok'¨d emr/




cE¨m'DeH uvmyawm or®oe0oyÜ0wåH ÓPH or®oeÓPH/
cE¨m'denf;-zGJ hpnf;jyD;cg-oHk;jzmvu©P-oHk;pyf&-or®oeÓPf/





O',Aá,ÓPf

jzpfysufvJjrif r*fwk0if qifjcif½I&rnf/
y#dy'gÓP'óe0dok'¨d


wxm y&dyE¦0drkwåó ye wó O',Aá,OmPawmy|m, ,m 0gEkavmrm
wdvu©PH 0dyóemy&rÜ&m, y#dyZÆÅó e0 0dyóemÓPmed y#dy'gÓP'óe0dok'¨d/


jzpfysuf&ifhum vuöPmjzifh jyefumoHk;oyf ½IÓPfjrwf ay:tyfcsdefrSmay:aprnf/
ÓP'óe0dok'¨d


waó0 y#dy#dyZÆÅó ye 0dyóemy&dygu rm*r®£'ged tyÜem OyZÆdówDwd
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rSwftyfaom ½kyfemrfwkdYudk obm0vu©Pm ponfç jzpfrI ysufrI tedpövu©Pm
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opömcef;

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yGg;aMumif;trI? avmbpkrSm? ork',trnf&\?

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3/ or®m0gpm=aumif;jrwfaom pum;ukdom ajymqkdjcif; wpfyg;?

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wpfyg;?

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opömteuf? 4-csufpDwnfh? q,fhajcmuf½Sd\-
1/ yDVea|m=tusOf;tMuyf ESdyfpufwwfaom 'ku©oabm?
2/ ocFwa|m=tNrJrjywf jyKjyiftyfaom 'ku©oabm?
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ork',oabm?

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ork',oabm?

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ork',oabm?

4/ yvdaAm"a|m='ku©pufrS rxGuf&atmif aESmifh,Sufwwfaom
ork',oabm?

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eda&m"oabm?

2/ y0da0ua|m=awbkru
® 'kut
© oif; aESmif,
h u
S jf cif;rS qdwu
f if;jcif;[laom
eda&m"oabm?

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4/ trwa|m=tzefzef aoaMuysufqHk;jcif;rS uif;vGwfjcif;[laom
eda&m"oabm?

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tjzpf[laom r*¾oabm?

3/ 'óea|m=opömav;tif edAámefcGifudk tjrifaygufa&mufjcif; [laom
r*¾oabm?

4/ tm"dyaw,sa|m=wPSm\ uReftjzpfrS pifppfvGwfNyD; BuD;jrwfjcif;[laom
r*¾ oabm?

opömav;csuf teufoabm? a[m&ef oG,foG,f rqHk;zG,fonf ..tus,fopö
uxmwnf;/

r*fwm;zdkvfwm; tÅ&m,f(5)yg;
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(c) ydwkCmwuuH? (tbowfol?)
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bdu©LeDrzsufqD;ol/
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(3) 0dyguÅ&m,f

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(4) y&d,ly0g'Å&m,f

t&d , m(atmuf x pf q H k ; vl a omwmyef ) tm;od v suf o d k U r[k w f rod b J
pGyfpGJqJa&;uJh&JUjypfrSm;ol/(awmif;yefuausedKifygonf)(pufjzwf0dyóem-cÅD;q&mawmf)
(5) tmPm0dwduúrÅ&m,f
0denf;odu©myk'fudkusL;vGefaom&[ef;?(yg&mZdu?oHCm'dodof?xkv’pOf;? ygpd w f ? yg#d a '
oeD?'kuú#f?'kAámoD[laomtmywf(7)yHkteuft,kwfqHk;?'kAámoDtmywf&SdvsSif yif p smef r *f z d k
vfudkr&edKifyg?yg&mZdutmywfukom;r&?useftmywfrsm;ukpm;&ygonf/(pufjzwf0dyóemcÅD;q&mawmf)

Ak'¨nTefjy tmp&d,

udk,fudktyfESH q&mhxH

"r®q&m

(t|uxm o*F[)(y&rw¬o½lyab'eD)

(r[my&dedAámeokwf)

,xmyd umoduH 0w¬H? oap'a',s bdu©Kaem/

a,m a0g tmeE´ r,m “"ar®mp0dea,mp

aomreóH0 Zma,,s? 'doGmyd c@c@duH/

a'odawm ynawåm aom a0g rrpöa,eow¦m

{0H ed,smwdwwåó? tmygaw b,ab&a0/


tmeE´- tmeE´? r,m-igbk&m;onf?a0g-oifwdkUtm;?a,m”"ar®mp -okwftbd " r® m w&m;awmf u d k v nf ; aumif ; ?a'od a wm-a[mawmf r l c J h j yD /
0d e a,mptBuif0denf;ynwfawmfudkvnf;? ynawåm-ynwfawmfrlcJhjyD/aom-xdkokwf-tbd"r®m0denf;w&m;awmfrsm;onf?rrpöa,e-igbk&m;r½Sdonfhaemufü?a0g-oifwdkU\/ow¦mqHk;rwwfpGmq&mbk&m;onf?b0dówd-jzpfayvwåH h/

b,H wó EkyÜZÆwd? eEk ed,smwdawm £wd/

yk*¾vq&m
(0dok'¨dt|uxm)
yda,m *½k bm0eDa,m ? 0wåm p 0peu©arm/
*rÇD&Oö uxH uwåm ? aem pmXmae eda,mZa,/

yda,m-oDv&Sdonfjzpfí cspftyfonf4if;?*½k-ausmufxD;twl
tav;rl t yf o nf 4 if ; ?bm0eD a ,m-csD ; rG r f ; xd k u f o nf 4 if ; ?0wå m p-uJ h & J U jypf w if
qdq
k ;kH rcsiw
f wfonf4if;?*rÇ&D Oö uxH-okwjynfph o
kH jzifh opöm ? y#dpo
ö rkygÜ 'f ponfEiS phf yfaom
eufeJaom w&m;pum;udk?uwåm-ajyma[mwwfonf4if;?tXmae-pD;yGg;r&Sdonfü?aem p
eda,mZa,-o'¨g pm* 0D&d, "dwd owd ynmwdkUESifh jynfhpHkonfjzpfí r,SOfapwwf/


,xmyd-Oyrmum;?umodu0H w¬-H tjrwftxG#f umodwikd ;f jzpft0wfu?kd bduK© aemouFef;r&Sdaom &[ef;tm;?oap'a',s-tmomrwG,f tu,fay;vSLjim;tHh?c@c@duHouFef;pyftwdkif; tydkif;ydkif;tjywfjywf jyKonfudk? 'doGmyd-jrifaomfvnf;?aomreó
{0-ES a jrmrJ h u if ;
0rf ; ajrmuf j cif ; onf o mvS s if ? Zma,,s-jzpf & m\/
{0H-þenf;twl?ed,smwdwwåó-q&morm; jrwfbk&m;tm; pGefUxm;tyfESif;jyD;a
omud k , f & S d a om? wó-xd k a ,m*D t m;?b,ab&a0-aBumuf r uf p zG , f ab;i,f
ab;BuD;onf?tmygaw-xifa&mufvmvwfaomf?ed,smwdawmeEk-q&morm; jrwfbk&m;
üpGefUxm;tyfESif;jyD;r[kwfavm?£wd-þodkUESvHk;jyKí?b,H-aBumufvefUjcif;onf?EkyÜZÆwdrjzpf/
yvdaAm"
(0dok'¨dr*f)
(jzwfawmufxm;&rnfhudpörsm;)
tm0gaomp ukvH vmabm
*aPmur®Oö yOöuH
t'¨geH Ówd tmAma"m
*aE¬m £'¨Dwd aw'o/

tm0gaomp-cef;wdkuf y&d0kPf tvHk;pHkaom t&mrf4if;?ukvH-tvkyftauGs;
taqGtrsdK;[laom tdrfaevl4if;?vmabm-ypönf;av;&yf vmbfoyfyum4if;?*aPmokwEå u
då paom taEå0godu taygif;4if;?yOör-H ig;ckajrmufaom?ur®O-ö e0ur®4if;?t'¨geHc&D ; oG m ;jcif ; 4if ; ?Ówd - omoemrsd K ;aqG td r f r sd K ;aqG 4 if ; ?tmAma"m-usif e mcH c uf
EdSyfpufaom tem4if;?*aE¬m-aqmif&GufoifBum;tyfaom usrf;*ef4if;?£'¨d-0dyóemudk
aESmuf,Sufwwfaom aumufEk oli,fuJhodkUysufpD;vG,faom ykxkZOfwefcdk;4if;? £wdþodkU?aw-xdkyvdaAm”wdkUonf?'o-q,fyg;wdkUwnf;/(y&rw¬o½lyab'eD)

t&yf - uk v -vmb-wl a e-uar® - c&D ; -aoG ; eD ; -tem-pmoif p mcs-0d y gu'oaESmuf,Sufjcif;/(“"ar®mo"”)
avsmufywfnDrSs w&m;&
oyÜg, toyÜg, (7) yg;
tma0gaom a*gpa&m bóH? yk*¾avm abmZeH Owk/
£&d,myaxmwd oawåaw? toyÜga, 0d0ZÆa,/
oyÜga, owå aoa0x? {0O§d y#dyZÆawm/
epda&ae0 umave? a[mwd uópd tyÜem/
(0dok'¨d-1-123/)

1/ tm0go = ae&m

tMuif ausmif;tdyf&mae&mü oDwif;okH;aexdkifaom a,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvftm;
rjzpfay:ao;aomedrdwfonfvnf; rjzpfay:vmwwf? jzpfay:NyD;aom edrdwfonfvnf;
aysmufysufoGm;wwf\/rxifvmao;aom owdonfvnf; rxifvmbJ &Sdaewwf\?
rwnfMunfao;aom pdwfonfvnf; rwnfMunfbJyif &Sdaewwf\/ þuJhodkYaom
ausmif;tdy&f m ae&mrsKd;um;ravsmufywfaom toyÜg,ae&myif jzpfayonf/o'¨g-0D&,
d owd-orm"d-ynm[laom £aNE´ig;yg;wdkY rjzpfay:vmEdkifaomae&mç jzpfay:NyD;aom
£aNE´wdkYvnf; r&ifhusufEdkif rBuD;yGm; rwdk;wufEdkifaom ae&m[k qdkvdkayonf??)

tMuif ausmif;tdyf&m ae&mü oDwif;okH;aexdkifaom yk*¾dKvftm; edrdwfonf
jzpfvnf;jzpfay:vm\? jrJpGm wnfwHhcdkifcHhjcif;oabmvnf; &Sd\?owdonfvnf;
xdkedrdwftm½kHü a&S;½SLuyfípGJjrJpGmwnfae\?pdwfonfvnf; aumif;pGm wnfMunfae\/
þuJhodkYaom ausmif;tdyf&m ae&mrsKd;onfum; bm0emvkyfief;cGifESifhavsmfavsmufywf
aumif;jrwfawmfrSef oyÜg,{uef jzpfaom ausmif;tdyf&m ae&mrsKd;yif jzpfayonf/
2/ a*gp&*gr = qGrf;cH&Gm

aeudk rsufESmrlí roGm;& rjyef&aomrdrd oDwif;okH;&m ausmif;wdkufrS
awmifbuft&yfü jzpfapçajrmufbuft&yfü jzpfap wnf&Sdaom ra0;vGef;aom
wpfaumocGJ (= tvHwpfaxmif) cefY twGi;f üwnf&adS om jynfjh ynfph pHk Hk oyÜg,rQwatmif
&vG,faom qGrf;&Sdaom qGrf;cH&Gmum; oyÜg,jzpfaomawmfrSefaumif;rGefonfh qGrf;cH&Gmyif
jzpfonf/ ajymif;jyeftm;jzifh oyÜg, rjzpfonfh qGrf;cH&Gmudk od&Sdygav/(0dok'¨d-1-124/)
3/ bó = pum;ajymrI

ewf&Gm r*f-zdkvf-edAÁmefwdkY\ wdkuf½dkuf zDvmuefYvefYjzpfaom wd&pämeuxm
trnf&aom uxmtrsKd;rsKd;ü tusKH;0ifaom pum;onfum; a,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvfwdkY
rajymqdkoifhaom ravsmf ravsmufywfaom toyÜg,pum; rnf\/

4/ oyÜg,yk*¾v - toyÜg,yk*¾v

yk*¾dKvfwpfOD;onf (32)yg;aom wd&pämeuxmpum;udk ajymqdkavh ajyma[mavh
r&SdbJ a0;pGma&Smifvsuf w&m;ESifh avsmfnDaom ur®|mef;ESifh pyfaom w&m;pum;udkom
ajymqdkavh&Sd\? oDv*kPform”d*kPf ynm*kPfwdkYESifh ukHvkHjynfhpkH\? ,if;yk*¾dKvfudk
trSDjyKí rwnfMunfao;aom pdwfonfwnfMunfvm\ (= rjzpfao;aom orm"donf
jzpfay:vm\)? wnfMunfNyD;aom pdwfonfrlvnf;txl;ojzifh jrJjrHpGm wnfMunfvmjcif;
oabm&Sd\(= jzpfay:NyD;aom orm”donfrlvnf; txl;ojzifhjrJjrHpGm wnfwHhcdkifcHhvm\)/
þuJhodkYaom yk*¾dKvfrsKd;onfrSD0Joifhaom avsmfuefavsmufywf aumif;jrwfaom
oyÜg,yk*¾dKvf rnf\/tMuifyk*¾dKvfonfum; orm"dur®|medu yk*¾dKvf jzpf\/orx (=
orm"d) ur®|mef;\rlvnf;urf;wpfzufodkY qdkufa&mufNyD;aom yk*¾dKvfjzpf\/

xdkuJhodkYaom yk*¾dKvfrsKd;um; þ a,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvftzdkY {uef rSD0Joifhaom
oyÜg,yk*¾dKvfyif jzpfayonf/tMuifyk*¾dKvfonfum; udk,fvufMuHUcdkifa&;vkyfief; cE¨mudk,f
qlNzdK;&efrrd u
d ,
kd u
f kd arG;jrLa&;vkyif ef;ü tavhtvmrsm;\? r*fzv
kd rf S zDvmuefYvefYjzpfaom
(32)yg;aom wd&pämeuxmpum;udkajymqdkavh&Sd\? 0rf;Adkufjynfhatmif tvdk&Sdwdkif;
pm;okH;í yufvuftdyfonfh csrf;omç apmif;tdyfonfhcsrf;omç rSdef;aewwfonfh csrf;omudk
tpOfwpdu
k f BudK;pm;tm;xkwv
f suf aexdik \
f ? xdu
k o
hJ Ykd aomyk*Kd¾ vfrsKd;onfum; rrS0D o
J ifah om
oyÜg, rjzpfonfhyk*¾dKvfrsKd;wnf;/
5/ abmZe = tpmtm[m&
6/ Owk = &moDOwk

tcsKUd aom a,m*g0p&yk*Kd¾ vftm; csKad om t&om&Sad om abmZOfonfavsmaf vsmufywf
aumif;jrwf\? oyÜg,jzpf\? tcsKdUaom a,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvftm; csOfaom t&om&Sdaom
abmZOfonf avsmfavsmufywfaumif;jrwf\? oyÜg,jzpf\/


tcsKdUaom a,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvftm; at;aom &moDOwkonf
oyÜ g ,jzpf \ ? tcsKd U aom a,m*g0p& yk * ¾ d K vf t m;yl a om &moD O wk o nf oyÜ g ,
jzpf \ /xd k a Mumif h tMuif a bmZOf u d k v nf ; aumif ; ç Owk u d k v nf ; aumif ; rS D 0 J a om
a,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvftm;csrf;omrIonf jzpfay:vm\? rwnfMunfao;aom pdwfonf
wnfMunfvm\(= rjzpfay:ao;aomorm"donf jzpfay:vm\)? wnfMunfNyD;aom
pdwfonfrlvnf; txl;ojzifhjrJjrHpGm wnfMunfvmjcif;oabm&Sd\ (= jzpfay:NyD;aom
orm"donfvnf; txl;ojzifh jrJjrHcikd cf hH wnfwv
hH m\)/ þuJo
h Ykd aomabmZOfonfvnf;aumif;ç
Owkonfvnf;aumif; oyÜg,jzpf\? avsmufywf\/ þrS ajymif;jyef jzpfaom tjcm;aom
abmZOf tjcm;aom Owkonfum; ravsmf ravsmufywfonft
h oyÜg,abmZOfOwk rnf\/
(0dok'¨d-1-124/ r[m#D-1-149/)
7/ £&d,mykxf

£&d , myk x f w d k Y wG i f v nf ; tcsKd U aom a,m*g0p&yk * ¾ d K vf t m; pBuø o G m ;jcif ;
£&d,mykxfonf oyÜg,jzpf\? rQw\/ tcsKdUaom a,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvftm; tdyfjcif; &yfjcif;
xdkifjcif;wdkYwGif wpfrsKd;rsKd;aom£&d,mykxfonf oyÜg,jzpf\? rQw\/ xdkaMumifh
ausmif;üuJhodkY £&d,mykxf wpfckudkokH;&ufwdkYywfvkH; pkHprf;í tMuif£&d,mykxfü
bm0emur®|mef;udpD;jzef;rI jyKvkyfaeaom a,m*g0p&yk*¾dKvftm; rwnfMunfao;aom
pdwfonfrlvnf; wnfMunfvm\(= rjzpfay:ao;aom orm"donfrlvnf;jzpfay:vm\)?
wnfMunfNyD;aom pdwo
f nfrv
l nf; txl;ojzifh jrJjrHpmG wnfwchH ikd cf v
hH m\(= jzpfay:NyD;aom
orm"d o nf r l v nf ; txl ; ojzif h jrJ j rH p G m wnf w H h cd k i f c H h v m\)/xd k £ &d , myk x f u m;
avsmfavsmufywf aumif;jrwfaomrSD0Joifhaom oyÜg,jzpfonfh £&d,mykxfwnf;/
tjcm;aom £&d,mykxfum;ravsmf ravsmufywfaom rrSD0Joifhaom £&d,mykxfwnf;/
(0dok'¨d-1-124/)

y"med,*Fw&m; ig;yg;

1/ o'¨gw&m; &Sdjcif;

yOödrmed y"ged,*Fged uwrmed yOö/oa'¨ga[mwd? tyÜgAma"m?


(yxr y"med,*Fw&m;)'g,umawmf aAm"drif;om; ... ur®|mef; tm;xkwo
f w
l Ykd ü
jynfhpkH&rnhf y"med,*F trnf&aomtaMumif;t*Fg&yfwdkYonf þ (5)yg;wdkYwnf;/
tb,f (5)yg;wdkY enf;[lrl ——1/ 'g,umawmf aAm"drif;om; þomoemawmfü
a,m*g0p& &[ef;onf ,kHMunfrI o'¨gw&m;&Sd\ —]]xdkjrwfpGmbk&m;onf vlewfjA[®m
owå 0 gwd k Y \ jrwf a omtvS L yl a Zmf t xl ; ud k cH , l a wmf r l x d k u f j cif ; wnf ; [l a om
þtaMumif;aMumifhvnf; t&[H rnfawmfrl\/
ocFg&-0dum&-vu©PedAámefynwfwnf;[laom odoifhodxdkufonfh tvkH;pkHaom an,sw&m;wdkYudk q&mrul
o,rÇL ÓPfjzifhaumif;rGefrSefuefpGm udk,fwdkifrsufarSmuf xGif;azmuf odjrifawmfrlaom
þtaMumif;aMumifhvnf; or®moráK'¨ rnfawmfrl\/

toaXm trm,m0D?tm&'¨ 0D&da,m?
O',w¬*grded,m ynm, orEém*awmwd £rmed yOö y"med,*Fged /

(rZÑdr yPmo ygVdawmf-298)
r*f&aBumif;
,HkMunfusef;rm pdwfajzmifhpGmjzifh
vGefpGmtm;xkwf emrfESifh½kyfudk jzpfcsKyfÓPfjrif
þig;tif rSefyif r*f &aMumif; /
(rdk;ukwfq&mawmf)

1/ £" &mZukrm& bduK© oa'¨g a[mwd?o'´[wd wxm*wó aAm"d -H ]]£wdyd
aom b*0gt&[H or®moráKa'¨g 0dZÆmp&PorÜaEém ok*awm avmu0d'l tEkwåa&m
yk&do"r®om&xd ow¬ma'0rEkómeH Aka'¨g b*0g}}wd/

2/ tyÜgAma"m a[mwd tyÜgwauFmora0yguded,m *[Pd,m orEém*awm
emwdoDwm,empöKPSm, rZÑdrm, y"meu©rm,/

3/ toaXm a[mwd trm,m0D,xmblwH twåmeH tm0duwåmow¬&d 0g
0dnLok 0g ojA[®pm&Dok/

4/ tm&'¨0D&da,m 0d[&wd tukovmeH "r®meH y[mem, ukovmeH "r®meH
OyorÜ'g,? xmr0g'V§y&uúarm tedu©dwå"ka&m ukoavok “ar®ok/
5/ yn0g a[mwd O',w¬*grded,m ynm, orEém*awm t&d,m, edaAá"dum,
or®m'ku©u©,*grded,m/ £rmed acg &mZukrm& yÍö y"med,*Fged/
(r-2-298-299/)


0dZmÆ (3)yg;ç 0dZmÆ (8)yg;ç p&Pw&m; (15)yg;wnf;[laom todÓPf 0dZmÆ ç tusifh
p&PESifh jynfhpkHawmfrlaom þtaMumif;aMumifhvnf;0dZÆmp&PorÜEé rnfawmfrl\/

aumif;aom pum;udk qdkawmfrlwwfaom þtaMumif;aMumifhvnf; ok*w
rnfawmfr\
l / avmuudo
k ad wmfral om þtaMumif;aMumifv
h nf; avmu0d'l rnfawmfr\
l /
qdkqkH;rxdkufoludk qdkqkH;rwwfonfhtwkrJhyk*¾dKvf jzpfawmfrlaom þtaMumif;aMumifhvnf;
tEkwåa&m yk&do"r®om&xd rnfawmfrl\/

ewfvlwdkY\ q&mwpfql jzpfawmfrlaom þtaMumif;aMumifhvnf;
ow¬m a'0rEkóme rnfawmfrl\/

opöm (4)&yf w&m;jrwfudk uRwfxdkufoola0ae,sMum owå0gwdkYtm; odapa
wmfrlwwfaomþtaMumif;aMumifhvnf; Ak'¨ rnfawmfrl\/

bkef;wefcdk;BuD;jrwfawmfrlaom þtaMumif;aMumifhvnf; b*0g rnfawmfrl\/
[kjrwfpGmbk&m;\ r*fÓPf (zdkvfÓPf) oAánKwÓPf[laom aAm"dÓPfudk,kHMunf\/
(r-2-298/)

2/ usef;rma&;aumif;jcif;

y&dnm

('kwd, y"med,*Fw&m;)

y&dnm,mwd Ówy&dnm wd&Py&dnm y[mey&dnmwd/


tema&m*g uif ; \? ud k , f q if ; &J j cif ; uif ; \/ tpmud k tnD t ñG w f
usufapwwfaomçrat;vGef; rylvGef;aomç tv,ftvwfjzpfaomç ur®|mef;pD;jzef;&ef
tcefYoifhjzpfaom ygpu awaZm"mwfESifh jynfhpkH\/

£rm[d wD[d y&dnm[d?y&dZmedwGm/


ydkif;jcm;íodjcif; ? ydkifydkifeKdifeKdifodjcif;/

y&dnm(3)yg;\oabmrSm -

3/ rm,m-omaX,s uif;jcif;

1/ Ówy&dnm -

(wwd, y"med,*Fw&m;)

ww¬ uwrm Ówy&dnm?


rdrdü xif&Sm; r&Sdaom *kPfudk xkwfazmf csD;rGrf;jcif; oabmvu©Pmum;
omaX,swnf; =[efaqmifjcif;wnf;/rdrdü xif&Sm;&Sdaom tjypfudk zkH;vTrf;jcif;
oabmvu©Pmum; rm,mwnf; =vSnfhywfjcif;wnf;/ ur®|mef;q&mtm; vdrfnmí
w&m;avQmufxm;jcif;rsm;vnf; rm,momaX,soabmyifwnf;/

a,m*g0p&&[ef;onf,if;odkYaom [efaqmifjcif; vSnfhywfjcif; r&Sd? q&mjz
pfawmfrlaomjrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif\ txHüvnf;aumif;çynm&Sdukefaom oDwif;okH;azmfwdkY\
txHüaomfvnf;aumif; [kwrf eS o
f nft
h wdik ;f rdru
d ,
kd u
f kd xifpmG jyKwwf\/(rdr\
d tjypfukd
[kwfrSefonfhtwdkif;0efcHí 0denf;awmfESifhtnD ukpm;jcif;wnf;/)

yOöu©aE¨ y&dZmemwd? t,H ½lyu©aE¨m/y/ t,H 0dnmPu©aE¨m

4/ or®yÜ"mef vkHYv0D&d, &Sd jcif;

£rmed awoH vu©P&o ypöKy|me y'|memwd?t,H Ówy&dnm/
½kyfemrfw&m;wdkU\ vu©Pmobm0rsm;ESifh aMumif;usKd; qufpyfrIudk ydkif;jcm; odjrifjcif; /
2/ wd&Py&dnm uwrm wd&Py&dnm?
{0H OmwH uwGm yOöu©aE¨ wDa&ok tedpöawm 'ku©awm a&m*awmwd
'GgpwåmvDom, tmuma&[d?t,H wd&Py&dnm/

(pwkw¬ y"med,*Fw&m;)


½kyfemrfw&m;wdkU\ rNrJoabm qif;&Jí auseyfzG,fuif;aomoabmESifhtESpfom
&uif;rJhjcif;oabm wdkUudk ydkif;jcm; odjrifjcif;/


tukodkvfw&m;wdkYudk y,f&Sm;&ef ukodkvfw&m;wdkYudk jynfhpkHap&ef xufoefaom
tjyif;txefBudK;pm;tm;xkwaf om vkYH v0D&,
d &So
d nfjzpfí ae\? tm;xkwEf ikd pf rG ;f &Sjd rJjrHpmG
tm;xkwfrI &Sd\/ukodkvfw&m;wdkYü wm0efudk ypfcsrxm;/

3/ y[mey&dnm uwrm y[mey&dnm?

5/ 0dyóemÓPfynmESifh jynfhpkHjcif;

{0H wD&,dwGm t*¾ra*¾e yOöok caE¨ok qE´&m*H yZ[wd t,H y[mey&dnm/

(yÍör y"med,*Fw&m;)

ynm&Sd\?½kyf-emrfwdkY\ tjzpftysufudk odpGrf;Edkifaom ynmESifh jynfhpkH\/
pifMu,faomç udavomxk tpdkiftcJudk azmufcGJ zsufqD;Edkifaom'ku©\ ukef&m edAámefodkY
aumif;pGm a&mufapEdkifaom0dyóemÓPfynmESifh jynfhpkH\/(r-3-298-299/)



cE¨mig;yg;üwG,fwm wyfrufrIudk y,fcGmjcif;[laom ydkif;jcm;odjrifjcif;/

w&m;odrSKwGifyk*¾dKvfav;rsdK;uGJjym;yHk

yrmwlpGm þcE¨m

(pwkuú-yk*¾vynwf)

(y&rw¬o½lyab'eD)

uwarm p yk*¾avm O*¢#dwnL ,ó yk*¾vó o[ O'g[#a0vm,

azPyda@myrH &lyH ?a0'em ykAáKaVmyrm /

“"r®mbdora,m a[mwd t,H 0kpöwd yk*¾avm O*¢#dwnL /

r&Dpdulyrm onm ocFg&m u'vlyrm /

tusOf;a[mjyumrQ jzifh r*fzdkvfudk&aom ]O*¢#dwnL} yk*¾dKvf/

rm,lyrmeH 0dnmPH '|AáH om&'ódem /

uwarm p yk*¾avm 0dyÚödwnL ,ó yk*¾vó oHcdawåe bmodwó

tus,fa[mjyumrQ jzifhr*fzdkvfudk &aom ]0dyÍödwnL} yk*¾dKvf/


½lyH-blw½kyfav;ck? pwk0Dom? Oyg'g[k? t|m0Do? ½kyfpkrSsvsuf?yg[pGJikyf?
þudk,fykyfonf? azPyda@myrH-yx0Dxif;acsmif;?aysmif;tdtmayg? awaZmcsrf;yl?
vlvv
l iG Uf x? 0ga,mrSonf?ponfrsm;ajrmif? awmifrsS w&S?d BuD;bdwrl?oH;k ,lrjzpf? tESprf &S?d
tumwdom? ypfp&monf? yrma&jrSKyfESifhwl\/

uwarm aea,sm ,ó yk*¾vó Oa'´oawm y&dykpäawm

½lyH þ½kyf a&jrSKyfoP²mef

a,medaom reodua&mawm

tedpöbJ rjrJtrSef

uvsmPrdawå ao0awm bZawm y,d&kygoawm

jzpfysufrpJ qif;&Jylyef

{0H tEkykaAáe "r®mbdora,m a[mwd t,H 0kpöwd yk*¾avm aea,sm /

tewå rSwfBu{0uef/

Oa'´oponfjzifh aqmifjyí wjznf;jznf; aemufrS r*fzdkvfudk &aom ]ae,s}yk*¾dKvf/

a0'em? rsufpd tm½Hk? em;tm½HkESifh? tm½Hk&om? cHpm;ygvnf;?t&mra&muf?
cgcgaysmufonfU? ajcmufyg;aom a0'emtpkonf?ykAKá aVmyrm-qif;&J csrf;om? &HcgvspfvsL?
qlvnf; ½kwf&uf?vsifpGmysufí? oHk;uGufoHk;&m?rxifvmonf? yrma&yGufESifhwl\/
a0'empuf a&yGufyHk[ef
tedpöbJ rjrJtrSef
jzpfysufrpJ qif;&Jylyef
tewå rSwfBu{0uef/


0dw¦ma&e taw¦ 0dbZd,rmae "r®mbdora,m a[mwd
t,H 0kpöwd yk*¾avm 0dyÚödwnL /

uwarm p yk*¾avm y'y&arm ,ó yk*¾vó A[krÜd okPawm
A[krÜd bPawm A[krÜd "m&,awm A[krÜd 0gp,awm
e wm, Zmwd,m "r®mbdora,m a[mwd
t,H 0kpöwd yk*¾avm y'y&arm /
yk'fç Asnf;rQom twkdif;t&Snf&Sdaom ]y'y&r} yk*¾dKvf/

onm-£w¬d yk&o
d ? owåZ0D g? xifrw
S yf gvnf;? rSw&f mrjrJ? txifvaJG omonmtpkonf?
r&Dpu
d yl rm-a&[kxifrw
S ?f BudK;yrf;vwfí? wrwfrm;rm;? vdu
k af vjim;vnf;?awmom;orif?
arm[dkufoGifodkU? 0dnmOfZD0? owåqdwfnH?yOöuHudk? t[H rr? xifrSm;&atmif?
rsm;vlabmifudk? ½kyfaqmifvSnfhywf? tawG;uyfonf?wHvQyfESifh yrmwl\/

onmtrSwf wHvSyfyHk[ef
tedpöbJ rjrJtrSef
jzpfysufrpJ qif;&Jylyef

ynwf


ynyeH a0g[&PH ynwåd ? ac:a0:jcif;udk ynwfqdk e*dkr½Sdyg / ("ar®mo"”)





avmu oauFw od'¨wåmt0dZÆmrmaemyd 0dZÆmrmem0d,ynyD,wd
a0g[&D,wDwd ynwåd
tOD;vlom; rSwt
f om;jzifh xif½mS ;r&Sd &So
d yd rmac:a0:um jzpfvmynwå/d ("ar®mo")
ynwfry,f&jcif;taBumif;(8)yg;

tewå rSwfBu{0uef/



ocF g &m-0d w uf 0d p m&?zórS o nf ? pía&wG u f ? ES p f rbuf o nf ?
ocFg&u©E¨mtaygif;wdkUonf? u'vlyrm-tESpfawGUEdk;?tm;tifBudK;í? tusdK;wavsmuf?
xufatmufwGif;jyif?&SmaomfvsSifvnf;? wyifvHk;om? ukefavygonf? tumvHk;vHk;?
tESpfokOf;onfU? iSufaysmwHk;ESifhyrmwlukef\/

iSufaysmwlpGm ocFg&u©ef
tedpöbJ rjrJtrSef


(1)[da&mwåyÜ?(2)ur®óuwm?(3)y#dum&H?(4)yOömeEå&d,?(5)ykaAáedÓPf? ( 6 )
vSLcH,kwfjrwf?(7)ynwfry,f?(8)arwåm0,fusdK;?þ(8)rsdK;aBumifh?ac:½dk;orkwd? opöm&Sdudk
?rked&Sifcspf?a[mazmfvSpfonf?pifppfaemufvmrSwf&efwnf;/ ("ar®mo")

jzpfysufrpJ qif;&Jylyef

y&rwf
y&rmeH taw¬m y&raw¬m ? jrwfaomolrsm; tm½Hkum; w&m;y&rwf/ (“"ar®mo"”)

tewå rSwfBu{0uef/


razmufrjyef rSefuefwnfhrwf *kPftjrwf y&rwf[kac:/pdwf-apwoduf-½kyfedAámeftm;cGJíxm; av;yg;jym;bdaomf/ (udk,fusifhtbd"r®m)

0dnmPH-pu©K aomw? Cme Zd0mS ? um,mESv;kH ? vufuoH;k ü? rSt
D ;kH cdak e? vluakd rTonf?h
ajcmufaxGaom0dnmPftpkonf?rm,lyrmeH-ausmuftXk cf u
J ?kd azmufvjJS yKjyif? a&Tpifjrom;?
ywåjrm;ta,mif? [efaqmifjyKvkyftyfonfh? rsufvSnfU½kyfESifhyrmwl\/

rsufvSnfUtvm; odrSm;0dnmPf
tedpöbJ rjrJtrSef


pdwfy&rwf cE¨m"gwf 0dnmP[krSwf/apwodufrSm a0'emESifh onmocFg&
yg0ifBu "r®cE¨mrSwf/½lyu©E¨m ½kyfqdkwm aocsmwGJírSwf/cE¨mr&Sd jidrf;at;bd oEådokc"mwf/
("ar®mo")

jzpfysufrpJ qif;&Jylyef
tewå rSwfBu{0uef/
£wd-þodkU?om&'ódaem-tESpfudk jrifodaom ynm&Sdonf?'|AáH -½SKtyf ½SKoifh
½SKxdkuf\/

0dyóem\tm½Hk
opöH *,Swd ykAábma*bm0em, 0¹rmem, ynwåH d or®wduúrdwGm obma0a,0 Xmwd/
(0dyóemwuúodkvfusrf;BuD;)

a&vd k & m0,f cG u f E S i f h o ,f cG u f x nf r uif ; om/ a&y&rwf cG u f y nwf
,lrw
S pf rSmruif;om/a&ud&k u cGuyf pfBu "duvdw
k ma&udyk g/bm0emxufoef oabmrSeu
f kd
a&vdk&umwnfívmaomf cGufac:ynwf y,fpGefhtyf y&rwfudkom½Sk&rSm/("ar®mo")



ynwåH d XaywGm tedpöm'd tmuma&e0d0d'H yówDwd 0dyóem/(0dok'¨dr*f)



ynwfy,fcGg rjrJwmtp qif;&JvSpGm igrygrIxl;pGm½I ac:rI0dyóem/ ("ar®mo")
ypöKyÜefudkom½IrSwfyg


(1) twDwH em}EGm*ar,s? eyÜ#duacF tem*wH/ ,'wDwH y[DeH wH? tyÜwåOö
tem*wH/

(2) ypöKyÜEéOö ,H "r®H? ww¬ ww¬ 0dyówd/ t oH[D&H t oHukyÜH? wH 0d'Gg
tEkjAL[a,/

(3) taZÆ0 udpö}rmwyÜH? aum Znm r&PH oka0/ e [daem o*F&H awe?
r[maoaee rpöKem/

(4) {0H 0d[m&ð tmwmyð? ta[m&wå rwE´dwH/wH a0 ba'´u&awåmwd? oaÅm
tmpdu©aw rked/ (Oy&dyPf? ba'´u&wåokwf 226)

(1) twDw?H twdwjf zpfaom/ ,H cE¨yOöu?H tMuifcE¨m ig;yg;taygif;onf/ tw¬?d
½Sd\/ wH? xdkcE¨mig;yg;onf/ y[DeH? aysmufcJhç csKyfcJhavNyD/ (ed½k'¨H tw¬*FwH-t|uxmzGifh)/
/wo®m? xkdodkYaysmufcJhNyD;ç csKyfcJhNyD;jzpfaomaMumifh/ twDwH? twdwfcE¨mig;yg;udk/ e
tEktm*ar,s? wzefjyefí rvmap&m-wPSm'd|dwkdYjzifh jyefípOf;pm;rae&m/ tem*wOö?
tem*wfcE¨mig;yg;onfvnf;/ tyÜwåH? ra&mufvmao;ç rjzpfay:vmao;/ (t-ZmwHtedAw
á -Hå tzGi)hf wo®m? xko
d Ykd rjzpfay:vmao;aomaMumif/h tem*wH? tem*wf cE¨mig;yg;ud/k
eyÜ#duacF?wPSmç 'd|dwkdYjzifh rajr§mfvifh rawmifhw&m/

(2) ypöKyÜEéH? ypöKyÜefjzpfaom/ "r®Oö? cE¨mig;yg;w&m;udkvJ/ ww¬ ww¬? xdkxkdjzpfqJ
cPüomvQif/ ,H0dyówd? 7-yg;aom tEkyóemwkdYjzifh tMuif½IrSwf\/ t-oH[D&H?
wPSm'd|dwdkY rqGJiif tyfaom/ 0g? wPSmç'd|dwdkY rqGJiifEdkifatmif/ t-oHukyÜH?
wPSm'd|daMumifh rysufpD;aom/ 0g? rysufpD;atmif/ wH 0dyóeH? ypöKyÜefcE¨mwkdYudk jzpfcdkuf
jzpfcdkufü ½IrSwfaom xkd0dyóemÓPfudk/ 0d'Gg? ynm½Sdonf/ tEkjAL[a,? yGg;ap&m\/


oka0? eufzefcgü/ ZD0dwH 0g? touf½SifOD;rnfudk4if;/ r&PH 0g? ao&rnfudk4if;/
aum Znm? tb,foo
l Ed ikd yf gtHeh nf;/ (ZD0w
d H 0g r&PH 0g aum Zmemwd - t|uxmzGi)hf /
£wd? þodkY ESvHk;oGif;í/ tmwyÜH?udavomwkdYudk ylavmifapwwfaom 0dyóem
tm;xkwfrIudk/ tZÆ {0? eufzef obuf aeY&ufra½TY ,aeYyifvQif/ udpöH?rqdkif;
r&yfûyvkyftyf\/ [d? eufzef aornf ½Sifrnf[k rodEdkifjcif;\ taMumif;um;/
r[maoaee? a&ç rD;çtqdyfç vufeufç a&m*gponfjzifh aoapEdkifaMuif; ppfonfaygif;
rsm;pGm½Sdaom/ awe rpöKem? aorif;[kac:aomxdkaojcif;w&m;ESifh/ aem? igwkdYtm;/
o*F&H? &ufcsdef; ay;xm;jcif;ç wHpdk;vufaqmif ay;xm;jcif;ç ckcHEdkifatmifppfonfAdkvfyg
pkaqmif;xm;jcif;onf/ e twåd? r½Sdacs/ wo®m? xkdYaMumifh/ oka0 r&PH? eufzef
½SifOD;rnfç aoOD;rnfudk/ aum Znm? b,fol odEdkifygtHhenf;/

(4) ta[m&wåH? aeYnOfhrjywf/ t-wE´dwH? rysif;&donfjzpfí/ tmwmyð?
udavomwkYd ukd ylavmifajcmufaoGYapwwfaom vHYk v½So
d nfjzpfí/ {0H0[
d m&ð? þqdck ahJ om
enf;jzifh ½Irw
S v
f suf aeavh½adS om/ wH? xdo
k Ykd aomynm½Su
d /kd a0? pifppf/ ba'´u&awåmwd?
aumif;aom aeYnOfh tcsdeftcg½Sdaom ol[lí/ oaÅm? udavomrD;Nidrf;at;awmfrlNyD;
aom/ rked? jrwfpGmbk&m;onf/ tmpdu©aw? a[mMum;awmfrl\/
0dyóemtwGuform"dqdkwm
0dyóem½Ienf;usrf; (yxrwGJ)(39)(r[mpnfq&mawmf)


þ cPduorm"d xufoefaomtcgrS píç ½IrSwftyfaom ½kyfemrftm½kHrsm;uç
topf topf ajymif;aomfvJç ½IrSwfaom pdwf\ pl;pdkuf wnfMunfyHkonfum;
wom;wnf;uJhodkYomjzpf\? yXr½IrSwfaompdwfç pl;pdkufwnfMunfouJhodkY 'kwd,ç
wwd, ½IrSwfaompdwf ponfwdkYonfvnf; tvm;wlyif pl;pdkuf wnfMunfukef\?xdktcg
orxpsmefrsm;uJo
h Ydk vnf; jzpfíaewwf\/ txl;um;-orxpsmef\tm½krH mS ajymif;vJjcif;r½Sçd
wckwnf;omwnf;/


emrf½kyfrQ tjzpfjzifhvJ rxif? jzpfrIç ysufrItm;jzifhvJrxif/ 0dyóem orm"d\
tm½kHonfum; topftopfcsnf;omjzpfvsuf ajymif;vJ\? emrf½kyfrQ tjzpfjzifhvJxif\?
ÓPf&ifhaomtcgü jzpfrIysufrItm;jzifhvJxif\? þrQomxl;\? pl;pdkuf wnfMunfyHkum;
rxl;NyD? xkdYaMumifh r[m#Dumü atmufygtwkdif; rdefYqdkNyD/

cPdupdawåu*¾wmwd cPrwå|dwdaum orm"d? aomyd [d tm&r®aP ed&Å&H
{umuma&e y0wårmaem y#dyau©e tebdblawm tyÜdawm 0d, pdwåH edpövH Xaywd/
(1-342)/

cPdupdawåu*¾wmwd? cPdupdawåu*¾wm [lonfum;/ cPrwå|dwdawm?
0dyóempdwf\ tcdkuftwefYrQwnfjcif;½Sdaom/ orm"d? wnfMunfrIaywnf;/ [d opöH?
rSefay\/ aomyd? xdk 0dyóem cPdu orm"donfvnf;/ tm&r®aP? ½IrSwfaom
½kyfemrftm½kHü/ {umuma&e? wrsKd;wnf;aom wnfMunfyHk tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh/
ed&Å&H? rjcm; rjywf wpyfwnf;/ y0wårmaem? jzpfvwfaomf/y#dyau©e tebdblawm?
qefYusifbuf eD0&PurESdyfpuf raESmifh,Suftyfonfjzpfí/ tyÜdawm 0d,? tm½kHü
ouf0ifaom psmeform"duJhodkY/ 0g? tyÜemorm"duJhodkY/pdwåH? 0dyóempdwfudk/ edpövH?
rwkefrvIyf wnfwHhpGm/ Xaywd? xm;Edkif\/

þ#Dumonf orm'[H pdw-Hå [laom tmemyge uxmü ]]0dyóempdwu
f kd cPdu
orm"djzifh wnfwphH mG xm;Edik o
f nf}}[kziG ahf om t|uxmudk axmufcaH om pum;aywnf;/
t"dyÜg,fum;-Oypmç tyÜem orm"donfomvQif pdwfudk wnfwHhpGmxm;Edkifonf
r[kwfao;? 0dyóem cPdu orm"”donfvnf; wnfwHhpGm xm;Edkifyg\[kqdkvdk\/
tb,frQ tiftm;½SdvQif xm;Edkifygoenf;[k ar;&ef½Sdí ]]tm&r®aP ed&Å&H {umuma&e
y0wårmaem}}[kqdk\? Oypm&orm"”dESifh nDrQaomtcg ½IrSwfrIwkdY\ tMum;tMum;ü
pOf;pm; BuHpnfrI eD0&PwkdYonf rjzpfvmukefNyD? ½IrSwfrIcsnf;omvQif wpyfwnf;
jzpf\? xkdokdYaomumvü wnfwHhpGmxm;Edkifonf[lvdk? xkdYjyif ]]y#dyau©etebdblawm
tyÜdawm0d,}} [laompum;jzifh O',Aá,ÓPfç o*FÓPf ponfwkdYESifh,SOfaom
cPduorm"donfxkdYxuf xufoefonfjzpfí tyÜemorm"duJhodkYyif tiftm;½Sdonf[k
jy\? xkdodkYaom orm"donf qefYusifbufw&m;u rESdyfpuf raESmifh,SufEdkifonfjzpfí
tyÜemorm"”duJhodkYyif pdwfudk wnfwHhpGmxm;Edkifyg\[k qdkvdk\/

Oyg'geu©E¨m ig;yg;
ouúm,udk bk&m;a[mawmfrlyHk(oH,kwfygVd (129)

uwarm p bdu©a0 ouúma,m? yOöKyg'g eu©E¨mwdó0peD,H/ uwar yOö?
ao,sxd'H? ½lykyg'geu©aE¨m /y/ 0dÓPkyg'geu©aE¨m/ t,H 0kpöwd bdu©a0 ouúma,m/
bdu©a0 &[ef;wkdY? ouúma,m-ouúm,[lonf? uwarm p tb,fygenf;[lrl?
yOöKyg'geu©E¨mwd-ig;yg;aom Oyg'geu©E¨mwdkY[lí? 0peD,Hajzqdktyfonf? tójzpf&m\/
uwar yOö tb,fig;yg;wkdYenf;[lrl? ao,sxd'H þig;yg;\ o½kyfrSm? ½lykyg'geu©aE¨m½kyfOyg'geu©E¨mu wyg;ponfjzifh enf;wlyif a[mxm;ygonf/
ouúm,qdkwm jrifwkdif; Mum;wdkif; eHwdkif; pm;odwkdif; awGYxdwdkif; BuHod
wkdif;xif½Sm;awGYae&wJh½kyfemrfw&m;awGygbJ? 0dyóemÓPfjzifh tedpö 'ku© tewåvdkY
rod,if tJ'D½kyfemrfawGudk tjrJwnfaew,fvdkYvJxifrSwfpGJvrf;aeMu\/ csrf;omw,f
aumif;w,f vSyw,fvkdYvJ xifrSwfpGJvrf;aeMu\/
touf½SifaewJhtwåaumif
igaumif olaumifvkdYvJ xifrSwfpGJvrf;aeMu\/ xdkodkUxifrSwfpGJvrf;tyfaom aMumifh
tJ'Dxif½Sm;½SdwJh ½kyfemrfawGudk Oyg'geu©E¨mvkdY ac:wmjzpf\/ Oyg'ge-Oyg'gefqdkwm
pGJvrf;wwfwJh w&m;? okwåmefa'oemrSmcE¨mig;yg; pGJvrf;wJh Oyg'gefudk qE´&m*vkdYom
jyqdkxm;onf/ vkdcsifESpfoufwyfruf om,mNyD; pGJvrf;wJhwPSmvdkY qkdvdkygonf/
tbd"r®m a'oemawmfvm pGJvef;wwfwJh Oyg'gef (4)yg;
(1)umrkyg'gefu wyg;?(2)'d|Kyg'gefu wyg;? (3) oDvAÁwkyg'gefu wyg;?(4)
twå0g'kyg'gefu wyg;/
(1) umrkyg'gefqkdwm vdkcsifp&mudk vdkcsifESpfoufwJh wPSmbJ? tJ'g[m qE´&m*
qdkwmeJY twlwlygbJ/
(4) t& twå0g'kyg'gef qdw
k muawmh xif½mS ;½Sw
d hJ ½kyef mrfawGukd twåaumif igaumif
olaumifvkdYxifrSwfpGJvrf;wJh 'd|dygbJ/


(3) t& oD v AÁ w k y g'gef qk d w muawmh oD v orm"d ynmqk d w J h
r*¾i f ½S p f y g;rygyJ t avh t usif h wrsd K ;rsd K ;jzif h qif ; &J c yf o d r f ; rS vG w f a jrmuf w ,f v k d Y
xifrSwfpGJvrf;wJh tusifhqkdif&m t,lrSm;ygbJ?b,fvkdvJqdk,if **Fgjrpfa&jzifh a&csdK;½HkeJY
tukov
kd t
f jypfuif;NyD; csrf;omoGm;Ekid w
f ,fvYdk ,HMk unf,q
l wm? t0wfr0wfyJ tpm;rpm;yJ
usifh½HkeJY qif;&JrS vGwfajrmufw,fvkdY ,lqwm? jA[®mponfudk udk;uG,fae½HkeJY
qif;&JrSvGwfajrmufw,fvdkY ,lqwm? tukodkvfpdwf rjzpf&atmif qifjcifae½HkrQeJY?
odkYr[kwf jzpfay:vmwJh tukodkvfpdwfudk qifjcifNyD; y,f½HkrQeJY? odkYr[kwf pdwfudk
Nidrf;at;&m ydkYxm;½HkrQeJY qif;&JrS vGwfajrmufw,fvkdY ,HkMunf,lqwm?twkdcsKyftm;jzifh
ajym&vQif t&d , r*f z k d v f & atmif 0d y óemr½I y J tusif h w rsd K ;rsd K ;jzif h qif ; &J r S
vGwfajrmufw,fvdkY,HkMunf,lqwm [lorQ[m oDvAÁwkyg'gefbJ/

(2) t& 'd|Kyg'gef qdkwmuawmh ,ckajymcJhwJh twå’d|d oDvAÁw'd|dwdkYrS
wyg;aom rdpäm'd|d[lorQudk 'd|Kyg'gefvdkY qkdwmygbJ? tJ'guawmh uHuH\tusdK;r½Sdbl;vkdY
,lqwm? aoNyD;,if bmrQr½Sdawmhbl;vkdY,lqwm? twåaumifu b,fawmhrS rysufyJ
tNrJwnf½Sdaew,fvdkY ,lqwm'Dvdkt,ltpGJawGygbJ/tJ'DOyg'gef(4)-yg;xJrSm trSwf (1)
umrkyg'gef qdkwmu wPSmpGJbJ?usefwJh 3-yg;u 'd|dpGJcsnf;bJ? tusOf;tm;jzifhpGJvrf;rI[m
wPSmeJY'd|d 2-yg;ygbJ/ tJ'D 2-yg;xJu wPSmjzifh pGJvrf;&mrSm 'd|djzifh pGJvrf;rIvJ
yg0ifwmygbJ? jrifqJcPürsufpd ½SdvdkYvJ jrifw,f? jrifp&mtqif;½SdvkdYvJ jrifw,f?
tJ'Dawmh rsufpd½kyfvJ xif½Sm;½SdaewmbJ? jrif&wJhtqif;vJxif½Sm;½SdaewmbJ? tJ'DrsufpdeJY
tqif;u xif½Sm;½SdaewJh ½kyfw&m;bJ? aemufNyD;awmh jrifodwmuvJ xif½Sm;½SdaewmbJ?
jrifo,
d if jrifvYdk aumif;wm raumif;wmvJ xif½mS ;½Sad ewmbJ? tJ'gu taumif;tqd;k udk
cHpm;rIa0'embJ? jrifvYdk aumif;raumif; qdw
k hJ cHpm;rIxrJ mS raumif;rqd;k tv,ftvwfvJ
ygygw,f?rsm;aomtm;jzifhjrifwkdif; jrifwkdif; xif½Sm;aewJh cHpm;rI[m tJ'Draumif;rqdk;
cHpm;rIuyJ rsm;ygw,f? aemufNyD;awmh jrif&wJt
h qif;udk rSwo
f m;wmvJ xif½mS ;½Sad ewmbJ/


tJ'gu onmbJ? aemufNyD;awmh jrifru
I pd öNyD;atmif aMumifMh updu
k w
f mESv;kH oGi;f wmvJ
xif½Sm;½SdwmyJ? tJ'gawGu apwemeJY reodum& qdkwJh ocFg&awGbJ? jrifod½HkrQ
oabmuawmhpdwf0dÓPfbJ? tJ'gawG[m jrifwkdif; jrifwkdif; xif½Sm;½SdaewJh ½kyfa0'em
onm ocFg& 0dÓPfqdkwJh cE¨mig;yg;awGbJ?jrifqJü xif½Sm;½Sdaom þ½kyfemrf cE¨mig;yg;udk
ouúm,[k ac:onf/0dyóem½IrI r½Sdaom yuwd yk*d¾KvfawG[m tqif;aumif;udk
jrif&wJhtcg jrif&wJhtqif;udkvJ ESpfoufom,mNyD; pGJvrf;aeMuw,f? tJ'gu wPSmjzifh
pGJvrf;wmbJ? rdef;rbJ a,mufsm;bJvdkYvJ xifrSwfNyD; pGJvrf;aeMuw,f? tJ'gu
'd|djzifh pGJvrf;wmyJ? rsufpdMunfwm aumif;wmudkvJ om,mESpfoufNyD; pGJvrf;w,f?
wPSmpGJbJ?igtaejzifhvJ pGJvrf;w,f? 'd|dpGJbJ? xkdYtwlyif jrifvdkY aumif;wmudkvJ
ES p f o uf o m,mNyD ; pG J v rf ; w,f ? jrif v d k Y raumif ; ,if v J aumif ; wmud k ajr§m f v if h
awmifhwNyD; pGJvrf;w,f/ wPSmpGJbJ? tJ'DjrifvdkY aumif;wm raumif;wmudkigvkdYvJ
xifrSwfpGJvrf;w,f'd|dpGJbJ/ jrif&wmudk rSwfom;rdwmvJ ESpfoufpGJvrf;w,f? wPSmpGJbJ?
tJ'D rSwfrdwmudk igvdkYvJ xifrSwfpGJvrf;w,f? 'd|dpGJbJ? aMumifhMupdkufNyD; Munfhrdwm ESvHk
;oGi;f rdwmudv
k EJ pS o
f ufpv
JG rf;w,f?wPSmpGb
J ?J tJ'gudk igvdYk vJ xifrw
S pf v
JG rf;w,f?'d|pd b
JG ?J
jrifodwmudkvJ ESpfoufpGJvrf;w,f? wPSmpJGbJ? igujrifw,fvkdYvJ xifrSwfpGJvrf;w,f?
'd|dpGJbJ?'gawGu jrif&mrSm wPSmjzifh 'd|djzifh pGJvrf;yHkawGygbJ? yuwdvlawG[m jrifwdkif;
jrifwkdif;'DvdkyHkenf;jzifh pGJvrf;aeMuwmbJ? tJ'Dvdk pJGvrf;EdkifaomaMumifh tJ'D jrifqJrSmx
if½Sm;wJh½kyfemrfawGudk Oyg'geu©E¨mvkdY qdk&wmbJ? Mum;qJ ponfrSmvJ pGJvrf;yHkawGuawmh
enf;wlygbJ/
wan0 Ekacg ta,s Oyg'geH aw yOöKyg'geu©Em¨ ?O'g[k tnMw yOö[yk g'geu©aE¨[d Oyg'geH/
ta,s-t½Sirf "r®'Ed mé ? wan0 Oyg'geH-xdpk v
JG rf;wwfaomOyg'gefonfyifvQif? aw
yOöKyg'geu©Em¨ Ekacg-xdk ig;yg;aom Oyg'geu©Em¨ wkYd jzpfMuygoavm? O'g[k-xdo
k Ykd r[kwv
f Qif?
Oyg'geH-Oyg'gefonf? yOö[dOyg'geu©aE¨[d tnMw-Oyg'geu©E¨mig;yg;wkdYrSwyg; wjcm;
tvGwfw&m; jzpfygoavm/


e acg tm0kaom 0domc wan0 Oyg'geH awyOöKyg'geu©E¨m? emyd tnMw
yOö[kyg'geu©aE¨[d Oyg'geH/

a,m acg tm0kaom 0domc yOöok Oyg'geu©aE¨ok qE´&ma*g?wH ww¬
Oyg'geH/tm0kaom 0domc 'g,um 0domc? wan0 Oyg'geH xkdOyg'gefonfyifvQif?
aw yOöKyg'geu©E¨m xkdig;yg;aom Oyg'geu©E¨mwdkYonf? eacg-r[kwfMuyg/ Oyg'geH
Oyg'gefonf? emyd yOö[d Oyg'geu©aE¨[d tnMw Oyg'geu©E¨m ig;yg;wkdYrS wjcm;wyg;
tvGwfw&m;vJ r[kwfyg/tm0kaom 0domc 'g,um 0domc? yOöok Oyg'geu©aE¨ok
ig;yg;aom Oyg'geu©aE¨wdkYü? a,m qE´&ma*gtMuif vdkcsifwyfrufrI qE´&m*½Sdygonf? wH
xkdvdkcsifwyfrufrI qE´&m*onf? ww¬ xkd cE¨mig;yg;ü? Oyg'geHpGJvrf;rI Oyg'gef jzpfygonf/
(plVa0'v’okwf)


(Oy-tvGeftuJ?tm'ge-,ljcif;) Oyg'ge (tajcjyKoj*dK[f)

avmuD a vmuk w f r,k w f r <uif ; cE¨ m wG i f ; ü od r f ; oG i f ; í,l jyawmf r l
rSwf,lcE¨ma'oemenf;/

0dyóem ½IzdkUiSmvSsif Oyg'geuf avmuDwGuf oufoufa[m&jyefownf;/
eD0&Pw&m;ig;yg;





umrpäE´eD0&P ? ta&mifqdk;xm; a&tvm; xif&Sm;rjrifjyD
Asmyg'eD0&P ? qlyGufaejim; a&tvm; xif&Sm;rjrifjyD
xderd'¨eD0&P? a&arSmfzHk;xm; a&tvm; xif&Sm;rjrifjyD
O'¨pö ukuúKpöeD0&P ? vdIif;xvIyf&Sm; a&tvm; xif&Sm;rjrifjyD
0dpdudpämeD0&P ? tarSmifzHk;xm; a&tvm; xif&Sm;rjrifjyD ? ("ar®mo")

psmeft*Fgig;yg;
eD0&PqefUusif þig;tif ac:wGifjrwfpsmem ?(umrm'd y#dyu©awm psmeH)
edrdwfay:wGif pdwfudkwif ac:wGif0dwuúm (0dwauúm xderd'¨ó y#dyau©m)
tm½Hkqifjcif oHk;oyfvsif ac:wGif0dpm&m(0dpma&m 0dpdudpäm, y#dyau©m)
ESpfoufauseyf yDwdrSwf ay:wwfþae&m(yDwd Asmyg'ó y#dyau©m)
udk,fpdwfcsrf;om ay:vdkUvm okca0'em (okcH O'¨pöukuKúpöó y#dyau©m)
jidrfoufwnfpGm {upm ay:vm{u*¾wm (orm"d umrpäE´ó y#dyau©m)?("ar®mo")
yDwd (5)rsKd;
ck'´dumyDwd cE¨mudk,füMuufoD;arG;nif; xjcif;rQudkomvQifjyKvkyfjcif;iSm
pGrf;Edkifaom yDwd?

cPdumyDwd vQyfppf jyufonfESifh wlaom cPcP jzpfí cPcP ysufaom
yDwd?

MouúÅdumyDwd vIdif;wHydk;onfork'´&murf;odkY oufa&mufí oufa&mufí
ysufouJhodkYwpfudk,fvkH;odkYvTrf;rdk;ouJhodkYoufa&mufíoufa&mufíysufaomyDwd?

OaAá*gyDwd þyDwdum; oefrm tm;&Sd\? xdkyDwd udef;0yf&m cE¨mudk,fudk
txufodkY ysHwufonfudkjyKíaumif;uifüavcwfaom*Grf;yHkuJhodkYckefvTm;ysHwufapjcif;
twdkif;t&SnfodkY a&mufapaom yDwd?

z&PmyDwd OaAá*gyDwdxufMum&SnfpGm wpfudk,fvkH;ü rGefjrwfaomyPDw
pdwåZ½kyfwdkUudkysHUESHU pdrhf0ifapaom yDwd?

0dyóemnpfnL;aBumif;q,fyg;

ta&mif - yD w d - yó'¨ d E S p f j zm-o'¨ g 0D & d , -ok c Ak ' ¨ d - ed u Eå d E S i f h - owd - Oayu© m þq,fjzm-rSwfygtEå&m,f/ (v,fwD y&rw¬oHcdyf)
0dyóEkyuúdavo=0dyóemnpfnL;aMumif;

O',Aá,ÓPf jzpfay:p umvü a,m*D yk*¾dKvftm; 10-yg;aom 0dyóem
npfñl;aMumif; w&m;wkdYonfjzpfay:ukef\/ rnfonfh yk*¾dKvftm; jzpfwwfonfç
rjzpfwwfonfukd atmufyg 0dok'¨dr*fjzifh odtyf\/

0dyóEkyudúavom [d y#da0"yÜwåó t&d,om0uóap0 0dyÜ#dyEéuó
p edu©dwåur®|meó ukoDwyk*¾vó EkyÜZÆÅd/ or®my#dyEéuó ye ,kwåyÜ,kwåó
tm&'¨0dyóuó ukvykwåó OyÜZÆÅd a,0/ (2 - 269)

0dyóEkyuúad vom? 0dyóem\ npfñ;l aMumif; w&m;wkYd onf/ y#da0"yÜwó
å ? r*f
zkv
d o
f Ydk a&mufNyD;aom/ t&d,om0uó ap0? t&d,m om0utm;4if;/ 0dy#Ü yd Eéuó p?
rSm;,Gi;f pGm usio
hf t
l m;4if;/ eduw
d© u
å r®|meó p? ur®|mef;ukd csxm;vsuf &yfem;aeoltm;4if;/
ukoDwyk*¾vó p? ysif;ysif;&d&dESifh cyfayghayghtm;xkwfaeaom yk*¾dKvftm;4if;/ e
OyÜZÆÅd? rjzpfay:ukef/ ye? jzpfay:wwfonfukd jytHh/ or®my#dyEéuó?enf;vrf;rSefpGm
tm;xkwfvsuf/ ,kwåyÜ ,kwåó? rjywf rpJtm;xkwfvsuf/ tm&'¨0dyóuó?
O',Aá,ÓPfokdYa&mufí tm&'¨0dyóu rnfaom/ ukvykwåó? trsKd;om; trsKd;orD;
a,m*Dtm;/ OyÜZÆÅd {0? jzpfay:ukefonfomwnf;/

Mobmao ap0 ÓaP p? yDwd,mp 0durÜwd/yó'¨d,m okac ap0? a,[d
pdwåH ya0"wd/t"darmau© p y*¾a[? Oy|mae p urÜwd/Oayu©m0ZÆem, p? Oayu©m,
eduÅd,m/ (y#doH 292)

Mobmao ap0? jzpfay:aom tvif;a&mifaMumifh4if;/ ÓaPp? tvGef
xufjrufvsifjrefaom todÓPfaMumifh4if;/ yDwd,m p? ESpfodrfh tm;&rI=yDwdaMumifh
4if;/ pdwåH? rSwfodrI=bm0empdwfonf/ 0durÜwd? vIyf½Sm;ysufpD;wwf\/


yó'¨d,m p? ukd,f pdwf Nidrf;at;rIaMumifh4if;/ okac ap0? pdwfcsrf;omrI
0rf;omrIaMumifh4if;/a,[d? ,if; taMumif; 2-yg;wkdYaMumifhvJ/ pdwåH? rSwfodrI=bm0em
pdwfonf/ya0"wd? vIyf½Sm; ysufpD;wwf\/t"darmau© p? tvGef Munfvifaom
o'´gaMumif4h if;/ y*¾a[ p? txl; aMumifMh u rpku
d b
f J nDrQpGm tm;xkwrf =I 0D&,
d aMumif4h if;/
Oy|mae p? tm½kHü ajy;0ifí ajy;0ifí oGm;ouJhokdY xifaom owdaMumifh4if;/ Oayu©m
0ZÆem,?tm½ku
H dk r½SmBuH&bJ tnDtrQ qifjcifEidk af om tm0ZÆe;f Oayu©mESihf wuGjzpfaom/
Oayu©m,p? 0dyóEkayu©maMumifh4if;/ (Oayu©m [laom Oywúdavoo½kyf wrsKd;xnf;
&ap&ef Oayu©m0ZÆem,-ydk'fudk 0daooeûyít"dyÜg,w¬ teufjyefonf)/ eduÅd,m p?
0dyóemü om,m NiduyfrI=wPSmaMumifh4if;/ pdwåH? rSwfodrI=bm0empdwfonf/ urÜwd?
vIyf½Sm; ysufpD;wwf\/
udavomq,fyg;

avmbudavom? a'goudavom? arm[udavom? rmeudavom?
'd|dudavom?0dpdudpämudavom?xdeudavom?O'¨pöudavom?t[d&duudavom
taemwåyÜudavom/
oHa,mZOfq,fyg;(tbd"r®)

umr&m*oHa,mZOf?b0&m*oHa,mZOf?y#dCoHa,mZOf?rmeoHa,mZOf
'd|doHa,mZOf?oDvAáwy&mrmooHa,mZOf?0dpdudpämoHa,mZOf?£ómoHa,mZOf
rpä&d,oHa,mZOf?t0dZÆmoHa,mZOf/
udavomtajctaeoHk;rsdK;




tEko,udavom ? tpOfudef;0yf &Sdaewwf odtyfudavom/
y&d,kXmeudavom ? taBumif;qHkum x<uvm odygudavom/
0Dwduúrudavom ? vGefusL;avu xdef;r& qdk;pGudavom/ ("ar®mo")

y[mef oHk;rsKd;(y[me = udavomudky,fEIwfrI)
0du©rÇeyÜ[meÍö eD0&PmeH yXrH psmeH bm0,awm/

1/ 0du©rÇeyÜ[mef arSmf&Sdaom a&ü ypfcstyfaom tdk;aMumifh arSmf\
uGmjcif;&SJjcif;uJhodkY avmuDpsmef orm"djzifh eD0&Pç 0dwufç 0dpm& tp&Sdukefaom
psmeform"d\ qefYusifbufjzpfukefaom w&m;wdkYukd cGmjcif;onf 0du©rÇeyÜ[mef rnf\/

2/ w'*F y Ü [ mef nOf h t cgü xG e f ; nd § t yf a om qD r D ; jzif h trd k u f a rS m if \
aysmuf j cif ; uJ h o d k Y 0d y óem\tpd w f j zpf í jzpf a omxd k x d k Ó Pf [ l a omtaMumif ; w&m;
jzifhqefYusifbuf y#dyu©\ tpGrf;jzifhomvQif xdkxdky,foifhy,fxdkufaom w&m;udk
y,fjcif;onf w'*FyÜ[mef rnf\/ a&S;OD;pGm emr½lyy&dapä'ÓPfjzifh ouúm,'d|d (20)
udk y,f\/ ypö,y&d*¾[ÓPfjzifh taMumif;r&Sd[k ,laom ta[wku'd|dç jA[®m AdóEdk;
xm0&bk&m;paom zefqif;&Sif[laom taMumif;&Sd\[k,laom 0dora[wk'd|dç,HkrSm;jcif;
ucFg 0dpdudpäm[laom tnpftaMu;udk y,f\/ uvmyor®oeÓPfjzifh ]]ig-igh[m}}
[k ocFg&w&m;taygif;udk taygif;tpktvdkuf pGJvrf;jcif;udk y,f\/ r*¾gr*¾00w¬me r*f
[kwfonf r[kwo
f nfudk ydik f;jcm;rSwfom;aom O',Aá,ÓPfjzifh t&d,r*f r[kwfonfü
t&d,r*f[kjzpfaom onmrSm;udk y,f\/ cE¨mig;yg;wdkY\ jzpfjcif; O',udk ½Ijrifjcif;jzifh
Oapä''d|d twåonfaovQifjywf\[k pG,
J al om t,lrmS ;udk y,f\/ cE¨mig;yg;wdYk \ ysujf cif;
0,udk ½Ijrifjcif;jzifh oów'd|d twåonf jrJ\? aovQif ysufpD;rI r&Sd[k pGJ,laom
t,lrmS ;udk y,f\/ b,wky|meÓPfjzifh aMumuftyfaomoabm&Sad om ysufjcif;[laom
ab;qd;k BuD;ESihf wuGjzpfaom awblruocFg&w&m;taygif;üaMumuftyfaomoabm r&S[
d k
jzpfaom tb,onm onmtrSm;udk y,f\/ ocFg&w&m;wdYk \tysufukd ½Ijrifwwfaom
tm'De0gEkyóemÓPfjzifh cE¨mig;yg;ü om,mzG,f tóm'\ tpGr;f jzifjh zpfaom rdpämonm
onmrSm;udk y,f\/ ocFg&w&m;wdkYü NiD;aiGU&GHrkef;rI edAád'gEkyóemÓPfjzifh oHo&m0#fü
tvGefarGUavsmfonf\ tpGrf;jzifh jzpfaom tbd&wdonmudk y,f\/ rkÍödwkurswm
ÓPfjzifhocFg&w&m;wdkYrS rvGwfvdkonf\ tjzpfudk y,f\/ y#docFgEkyóemÓPfjzifh
y#docFgEkyóemÓPf\qefYusifbufjzpfaom arm[udk y,f\/


ocFg½kayu©mÓPfjzifh ocFg&w&m;wdYk ü vspv
f sL r½I riJu
h u
G jf cif;tEkayu©eoabmudk
y,f\/ tEkavmrÓPfjzifh r*¾opömudk &&Sdjcif; odjcif;\ qefYusifbufjzpfaomocFg&
w&m;wdkYü edpö paomtm;jzifh pGJvrf;jcif;udk y,f\/ þodkY y,fjcif;um; w'*FyÜ[mef
w'*Ftm;jzifh y,fjcif;wnf;/

3/ orkapä'yÜ[mef rdk;BudK;puf0ef;onf ESdyfpuftyfaom rdk;BudK;ypfcH&aom
opfyif\ wpfzeftouf&Sifvmjcif;onf rjzpfjyefouJhodkY t&d,r*fÓPfjzifh oHa,mZOf
tp&Sdukefaom tukodkvfw&m;wdkYudk aemifwpfzef rjzpfaomtm;jzifh t<uif;rJh tjrpfjywf
y,fowfjcif;onf orkapä'yÜ[mef rnf\/
“"r®pBumvm ÓPfoHk;jzm
opöÓPf

{wå[d £'H 'ku©H £'H 'ku©ork',H £'H 'ku©eda&m"H £'H'ku©eda&m”*grdedy#dy'H
t&d,opöÅd {0H pwlok oapöok ,xmblwÓPH opöÓPHemr/

þonfqif;&J-þaBumif;yJjrif-vGwfvsifcsrf;om-vGwfaBumif;½SmjyK þav;ck
odrIopöÓPf/ ("ar®mo")
udpöÓPf

awok a ,0 y&d a n,sH y[mwAá H opä d u mwAá H bma0wAÅd {0H u wå A á
udpöZmeeÓPH udpöÓPHemr/

'kodatmifvkyf-oy,fvkyfum ede,fa&mufzdk h r*fyGg;pdk h[k udk,fjyKp&m odjyKwm
tJh'gudpöÓPf/ (“"ar®mo"”)
uwÓPf

y&dnmwH y[DeH opäduwH bm0dwÅd {0Hwó udpöó uw bm0Zmee ÓPH
uwÓPHemr/


odjyD; y,fjyD; jrifyGg;jyD;rdk h tjyD;owfÓPf ac:qdkjyef tJ'guwÓPf/(“"ar®mo"”)


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