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အရွင္ဉာဏသိဒၶိ တရားလက္ေဆာင္ .pdf



Nom original: အရွင္ဉာဏသိဒၶိ တရားလက္ေဆာင္.pdf
Titre: DHAMMA PRESENT
Auteur: Administrator

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-24 -

- 1 -

y#dpöorkyÜg'f puf0dkif;a'oem
tajccH vuFm y#dpöorkyÜg'f vuFm
0dpdudpäm
,kHrSm;oHo, pdwfESvkH;ESpfcGjzpfjcif;?
oabmtrSeu
f kd twdtus rqk;H jzwfeKdijf cif;/
jrwfpGmbk&m;½Sifonf trSefpifppfbk&m;
[kwrf [kwf w&m;awmfonf trSew
f &m;pif
ppf [kwrf [kw?f oHCmawmfrsm;onf t&d,m
rsm; [kwrf [kwu
f kd ,krH mS ;oHo,½Sjd cif;onf
0dpu
d pd mä rnf\/ aomwmyefjzpfvQif 0dpu
d pd mä
rS vGeaf jrmufonf/

rlvESpfjzm?opömESpfck?av;cktvTm? t*Fg
wpf q ,f h E S p f y g;?w&m;ud k , f r sm;ES i f h ? oH k ; yg;
tpyf? ESpf&yfrlv? 0#foHk;0ESifhumv oHk;jzm
?jcif;&mESpq
f ,f þ&Spo
f ,
G u
f t
kd vG,f usuf
rSw?f oad ptyfonfoo
H &mrS vGwf aMumif;
wnf; /

Vicikiccha
Uncertainty
Doubt
Being sceptical and uncertain as to
whether the Buddha is really
enlightenes,whether the Dhamma is
really the Truth, and whether the
Samgha are really ariyas, One overcomes vicikiccha on be coming a
sotapanna.

-22 -

- 3 -

opömESpfck
] ouúm, }
ouúm,- xif½mS ;½Sad omud,
k ?f xif½mS ;½Sad om
cE¨mig;yg;/
ouúm,[lon
nf-Oyg'geu©mig;yg;wnf;/

ork',opöm § 'ku©opöm
qif;&JaMumif;trSef § qif;&JusKd;trSef

Sakkaya
Bodily Entity
The palpable physical and men tal
aggregates in a sentient being.
Sakkaya means the five aggregates of
Clinging.

ouúm,'d|d
xif½Sm;½Sdaom ½kyfemrfcE¨mü t,lrSm;rI?
cE¨mig;yg;wdUk udk rdru
d ,
kd [
f í
l rSm;,Gi;f pGm rSwf
,ljcif;onf ouúm'd|rd nf\/

CICLE
Two Roots,Four Sections,Two
Truths,Three Periods,Three
Connections,Three Rounds,Twelve Links
and Twenty Modes or Factors;Learn
easy to gain knowledge,suta;freedom,for
blissful freedom from Samsara.

Sakkayaditthi
ILLUSION
Wrong view of the existing
aggregates,Khandhas.
The wrong view that takes the five
aggregate as identical with Self, atta, is
called the Sakkayaditthi.

Two Truths
The truth of cause of suffering and the
truth of suffering

- 4 -

- 21 -

av;cktvTm

] y&dnm }

(opömrodatmif zHk;wwf-umwwfaomw&m;)
twdwftaMumif;wvTm § ypöKyÜeftusKd;wvTm
ypöKyÜeftaMumif;wvTm § tem*gwftusKd;wvTm

ydkif;jcm;íodjcif; ? ydkifydkifeKdifeKdifodjcif;
y&dnm(3)yg;\oabmrSm 1/ Ówy&dnm - ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkU\ vu©
Pmobm0rsm;ESihf aMumif;usK;d qufpyfrI
udk ydkif;jcm; odjrifjcif; /
2/ wd&Py&dnm - ½kyef mrfw&m;wdUk \ rNro
J
abm qif;&Jí auseyfzG,fuif;aom o
abmESit
hf ESpo
f m&uif;rJjh cif;oabm wdUk udk
ydik ;f jcm; odjrifjcif;/
3/ y[mey&dnm - cE¨mig;yg;üwG,w
f mwyfruf
rIukd y,fcmG jcif;[laom ydik ;f jcm;odjrifjcif;/

- 2 -

- 23 -

toG,f&SpfoG,f odrSwfzG,f
yHkjy&Sif;vif;csuf

oów'd|d
b0Nr\
J [laomt,l ? b0'd|[
d v
k nf;ac:\/
oów'd|donfouúm,'d|dudk tajccH
íjzpf ay:vmaom t,l0g'jzpfonf/

rlvESpfjzm
t0dZÆmESifh wPSm

Sassataditthi
Eternalism
Belief that physical and mental processes
of being will exist eternally.
Eternalism springs from the wrong view
regarding the body which is a manifestation of the five aggregates, called
Sakkayaditthi or Atta ditthi.

Accurate Understanding

Four Sections
A past causal continuum,
A present resultant continuum,
Apresent causal continuum,
A future resultant continuum;

Full comprehension; discerning
knowledge .
Parinna is of three kinds;
1. Thorough knowledge
Understanding the distinction between mind and matter, their
characteristics and their causal
nature; nata parinna.
2. Analytical knowledge
Understanding the three characteristics of mind and matter, their
impermanence, unsatisfactoriness
and unsubstantiality; tirana
parnna.
3. Dispellinfg knowledge
Leading to the abandonment of
craving for the five aggregates of
existence,pahana parinna.

Oapä''d|d
b0jywf\[laom t,l/
Ucchedaditthi
Annihilationism
Belief that the physical and mental processes of being will be altogether annihilated at death.
Two Roots
Ignorance and craving

- 20 -

- 5 -

- 18 -

- 7 b0,Å&m; vHk;vnfvdkufjcif;

tdrfonf(3)a,muf

]opöm av;yg;}
oHo&mvnfapwwfaomtpdwftydkif;
jzpfysuforQ ocFg& 'ku©opömrSwf
jzpfysufrIwGif igaumifxif
cifrifork',rSwf
½kyef mrftm;vH;k jzpfysuo
f Ok ;f
csKyfq;kH edAmá efrw
S f
csKyfqHk;rIwGif ÓPfouf0if odjrif r*f
[krw
S /f

t0dZÆm - ocFg& - 0dnmPf - emrf½kyf oVm,we - zó - a0'em - wPSm Oyg'gef - ur®b0 - Zmwd - Z&mr&P

Four Noble Truth
1. The Truth of Suffering
2. The Truth of Cause of Suffering
3. The Truth of Cessation of Suffering.
4. The Path leading to the Truth of
Cessation of Suffering.

om;a&;? orD;a&;? pD;yGg;a&;rS pí
t&yf&yftqifajyaomtcg 0ifavxGuf
avudk aomreóa0'emjzifh ½SL½SdKuf
aeygonf/
om;a&;? orD;a&;? pD;yGg;a&;rS pí
t&yf&yf tqifrajyaomtcg 0ifav
xGufavudk a'greóa0'emjzifh ½SL½SdKuf
aeygonf/
aomreóvnf;r[kwf a'greó
vnf ; r[k w f a omtcgü 0if a vxG u f
avud k O ayu© m a0'em jzif h ½ S L ½S d K uf a e
ygonf/

udavom (npfEGrf;ylavmifapwwfaomw&m;)
t0dZÆm - wPSm - Oyg'gef
ur® (tvkyf)
ocFg& - ur®b0
0dygu (tusKd;ay;)
0dnmPf - emrf½kyf - oVm,we - zó a0'em - Zmwd - Oyywådb0 - Z&mr&P

Three Host Visitors

Twelve Factors
Ignorance,Volition,Consciouness,Physicaland
MentalPhenomena,Sense base, Contant,
Feeling,Craving,Clinging,Rebirth-producing Actions and Deeds,Rebirth,Old Age and
Death.

1. When one is in the happy state of mine
he is breathing in and breathing
out with Somanassa Vedana. (Pleasant feeling in Mind)
2. When one is in the unhappy state of
mine he is breathing in and breathing out with Donamassa Vedana.
(Painful feeling in Mind)
3. When one is in the neutral state of
mine he is breathing in and breathing out with Upekkha Vedana.
(Netrual or indifferent feeling)

Three Rounds
Threeroundsof defilements (ignorance,
craving,clinging)
Two rounds of actions and deeds(rebirthproducing vilition and rebirth-producting
action and deeds)
Eightrounds of resultants (vonsciousness,
mind and body,sense base,contact, feeling,
rebirth, old age and death)

- 8 -

- 17 -

-19-

- 6 -

] t½IcH a0'emw&m; }
“Meditation on Feeling”

owå0gwdkU\ oufwrf;udk
udkufjzwfpm;wwfaomw&m;
vGefavNyD;aomtwdwfumv
,ckjzpfqJ ypöKyÜefumv
aemifjzpfvwåHU tem*gwfumv

tjyif{nfhonf (6) a,muf
rsufvHk;wGif jrifumrwå Oayu©ma0'em
em;wGif Mum;umrwå Oayu©ma0'em
ESmacgif;wGif eHumrwå Oayu©ma0'em
vQmwGif pm;umrwå Oayu©ma0'em
okca0'em udk,frSmay:onf
'ku©a0'em udk,frSmay:onf
Six External Visitors
1. UPekkha Vedana(Indifferent feeling)
It arises on the Eye-base.
2. Upekkha Vedana(Indifferent feeling)
It arises on the Ear-base.
3. Upekkha Vedana(Indifferent feeling)
It arises on the Nose-base.
4. Upekkha Vedana(Indifferent feeling)
It arises on the Tongue-base.
5. Sukha Vedana (Pleasant feeling)
It arises on the Body-base.
6. Dukkha Vedana (Painful feeling)
It arises on the Body-base.

twGif;{nfhonf (3) a,muf
aomreóa0'em raemwGifay:onf
a'greóa0'em raemwGifay:onf
Oayu©ma0'em raemwGifay:onf
Three Periods
Past, Present and Future

Three Internal Visitors
1. Somanassa Vedana(Pleasant feeling
in Mind)
It arises on the Mind-base.

] t½IÚmPf r*¾if w&m; }

oHo&mtpOfrjywfzdkU pyfay;wwfaomw&m;
ocFg&ESihf 0dnmPf ({uHtpyf - twdwt
f pyf)
a0'emESihf wPSm (taeuHtpyf - ypöKyÜet
f pyf)
ur®b0ESihf Zmwd (aojyeftpyf - tem*gwftpyf)

avmuDr*f - ykAábm*r*f - yOö*Ø*u
Ø r*f
0dyóemyGg;r*f ig;yg; /
ynmr*¾if ESpfyg;
or®m'd|?d or®mouFyÜ
orm"dr*¾if oHk;yg;
or®m0g,mr? or®mowd? or®orm"d
Five Meditators
(Mundane Constituent of Path)
1. Right View
2. Right Thought
3. Right Effort
4. Right Mindfullness
5. Right Concentration are five Mundane
Consticuent of path. They are
Meditators. Or they each are Watchingwisdom.

Three Connections
Aconnection between volition and
cousciousness,
Aconnection between feeling and craving,
Aconnection between rebirth-producing
Actions and deeds and rebirth,

avmukwå&mr*f - t|*Øur*f
qkdufr*f &Spfyg;
orm"dr*¾if oHk;yg;
or®m0g,mr? or®mowd? or®orm"d
ynmr*¾if ESpfyg;
or®m'd|?d or®mouFyÜ
oDvr*¾if oHk;yg;
or®m0gpm? or®mur®Å? or®mtmZD0
Supramundane Constiruent of Path
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Right View
Right Thought
Right Effort
Right Mindfullness
Right Concentration
Right Speech
Right Action
Right Livelihood

- 15 -

- 10 -

] "gwf (18) yg; }
udk,fhoabmudk
udk,faqmifwwfaomw&m;
tcH"gwf (6) yg;
rsufpdtMunf? em;tMunf?
ESmacgif;tMunf? vQmtMunf?
udk,ftMunf? raemb0iftMunf
Twenty Factors
Five past causal factors
(Ignorance,Rebirth-producing
vilition,Craving,Clinging and Becoming
or Rebirth-producing action or deeds)
Five present resultant factors
(Consciousness,Mind and Body,Sensebase,Contant and Feeling)
Five present causal factors
(Craving,Clinging,Becomeing of rebirthproducing action or deed,Ignorance
and rebirth-producing volition)
Five future resultant factors
(Consciousness,Mind and Body Sensebase,Contact and Feeling)

Sense
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

bases or Sense doors
Eye base
Ear base
Nose base
Tongue base
Body base
Mine base

twdkuf"gwf (6) yg;
tqif;? toH? teHU? t&om?
xdawGUp&m? MuHawG;p&m
Sense
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

objects
Visible form base
Sound base
Olfactory base
Gustatory base
Tangible base
Ideational base

tyGifh"gwf (6) yg;
jrifpdwf? Mum;pdwf? eHpdwf? pm;pdwf?
,m;emaumif;pdwf?
awG;awmMuHpnfpdwf
Six Resulting
1. Eye Consciousness
2. Ear Consciousness
3. Nose Consciousness
4. Tongue Consciousness
5. Body Consciousness
6. Mine Consciousness

- 12 -

- 13 Vedankkhanda

Five Aggregater or Five Groups
Rupa
Body,Corporeality,Matter,Form,Material,Material
quality.

Aggregate of felling which has the
Phenomenon of arising and vanishing
(Felling Group)
Sannakkhandha

Nama
Mind,Consciousness and its
concomitants,Consciousness(Citta),Metal
concomitant or Metal factor or Mental
properties(Cetasi-kas).

Aggregate of Perception which has
the phenomenon of arising and
vanishing (Percepting Group)
Sankarakkhandha
Aggregate of Mental Formations
which has the phenomenon of arising
and vanishing. (Group of Mental
Formations)

Rupakkhandha
Aggregate of Corporeality which is
changable and has the Phenomenon of
arising and vanishing Corporeality
Group)

Vinnanakkhandha
Aggregate of consciousness which
has the phenomenon of arising and
vanishing .(Conscuousness Group)
In brief, the five Khandhas are
Nama (Mind) and Rupa (Body)

- 14 -

- 11 -

- 16 -

- 9 oHo&mvnfyHktjcif;t&m

] t½IcH pdwfw&m; }
] tm,we w&m; }
oHo&mudk csJUxGifwwfaomw&m;
twGif;tm,we (6) yg;
rsupf ?d em;? ESmacgi;f ? vQm? ud,
k ?f pdwf
Sense bases or Sense doors
1. Eye base
2. Ear base
3. Nose base
4. Tongue base
5. Body base
6. Mine base

tjyiftm,we (6) yg;
tqif;? toH? teHU? t&om?
xdawGUp&m? MuHawG;p&m
Sense
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

objects
Visible form base
Sound base
Olfactory base
Gustatory base
Tangible base
Ideational base

] t½IcH w&m; }

Meditation on Mind

cE¨mig;yg;
½lyu©E¨m? a0'emu©E¨m? onmu©E¨m?
ocFg&u©E¨m? 0dnmPu©E¨m
½lyu©E¨mqdkwm
azmufjyefysufpD; wwf

tjyif{nfhonf (5) a,muf
jrif p d w f ? Mum;pd w f ? eH p d w f ? pm;pd w f ?
,m;emaumif;pdwf

aomoabmtpk jzpf
ysufrI/
a0'emu©E¨mqdkwm cH p m;wwf a om o
abm tpk jzpfysufrI/
onmu©E¨mqdkwm r S w f o m ; w w f a o m
oabmtpk jzpfysufrI/
ocFg&u©E¨mqdkwm jyKjyif a ph a qmf w wf
aomoabmtpk jzpf
ysufrI/
0dnmPu©E¨mqdkwm odwwfaom oabm
tpk jzpfysufrI/

Five External visiting Consciousness
1. Eye Consciousness
2. Ear Consciousness
3. Nose Consciousness
4. Tongue Consciousness
5. Body Consciousness

azmufjyef? cHpm;? rSwfom;? jyKjyif?
od0dnmPf? ig;tifcE¨mrSwf/
½kyfu wpfyg;? emrf av;yg;
rSwfom;usOf;csKyf emrfESifh½kyf

Six Internal visiting Consciousness
1. Greed Consciousness
2. Hatred Consciousness
3. Delusion Consciousness
4. Greedlessness Consciousness
5. Hatelessness Consciousness
6. Mine Consciousness
(Idea or Thought Consciousness)

cE¨m[lonf - tpktaygif;
] umv oHk;wef? o@mef ESpfck? Murf;Ek
ESpf&yf? ,kwfjrwf ESpfyg;? eD;a0;xm;?
tjym;þcE¨m }

twGif;{nfhonf (6) a,muf
avmbpd w f ? a'gopd w f ? arm[pd w f ?
tavmbpdwf?ta'gopdwf? awG;awm
MuHpnfpdwf

tdrfonf (2) a,muf
avudkxkwfaompdwf?
avudkoGif;aompdwf
Two Host Consciousness
1. Inbreathing Consciousness
2. Outbreathing Consciousness

twdwftaMumif;tjcif;t&mig;yg;
(t0dZÆm - ocFg& - wPSm - Oyg'gef - b0)
ypöKyÜeftusKd;tjcif;t&mig;yg;
(0dnmPf - emrf½yk f - oVm,we - zó - a0'em)

ypöKyÜeftaMumif;tjcif;t&mig;yg;
(wPSm - Oyg'gef - b0 - t0dZÆm - ocFg&)
tem*gwftusKd;tjcif;t&mig;yg;
(0dnmPf - emrf½yk f - oVm,we - zó - a0'em)

oAá'geH "r®'geH Zdemwd
jrrD;tdrfpmpOf jzpfajrmufa&;
rwnftvSL&Sirf sm;
1/ "r®&HoDq&mawmf
200000d^2/ t&SifOmPod'¨d(rHka&G;)
400000d^3/ udkwifOD;+roef;oef;pdk;? rdk;ukwf
110000d^4/ ]awmf0if}rdom;pk? rHk&Gm
100000d^5/ udkvrif;+rESif;
20000d^6/ rcdkifEGJUjzL
20000d^7/ raxG;axG;
10000d^8/ rnTefUnTefU
10000d^9/ r,Of,OfEk
10000d^10/ rpE´m0if;
10000d^11/ rpka0rGef
10000d^12/ OD;uHrif;+a':usifusif
10000d^13/ ]yGifhOD;}pufoHk;qDa&mif;0,fa&;? rdk;ukwf 5000d^14/ udkbDeKdof(c)udkqH½Snf opöm"r®m½kH rdkif;½SL; 10000d^15/ OD;vSrdk;+a':aqG yavmifuGuf rdkif;½SL; 10000d16/ ud0k if;vGifpd;k +roDoDpef; (NyL;Mu,f-wGifc)Hk 100000d^19/ udk0if;udk+roef;oef;aX; rdkif;½SL;
10000d^þpmpOfro
S nf qufvufxw
k af 0rnfh
pmpOfrsm; xkwaf 0Edik &f ef
&nf&G,fvª'gef;ygonf/

oAá'geH "r®'geH Zdemwd
jrrD;tdrfpmpOf jzpfajrmufa&;
rwnftvSL&Sirf sm;

odUk
...............
...............
...............

twGuf

w&m;vufaqmif

rS
................
................
................

1/ "r®&HoDq&mawmf
200000d^2/ t&SifOmPod'¨d(rHka&G;)
400000d^3/ udkwifOD;+roef;oef;pdk;? rdk;ukwf
110000d^4/ ]awmf0if}rdom;pk? rHk&Gm
100000d^5/ udkvrif;+rESif;
20000d^6/ rcdkifEGJUjzL
20000d^7/ raxG;axG;
10000d^8/ rnTefUnTefU
10000d^9/ r,Of,OfEk
10000d^10/ rpE´m0if;
10000d^11/ rpka0rGef
10000d^12/ OD;uHrif;+a':usifusif
10000d^13/ ]yGifhOD;}pufoHk;qDa&mif;0,fa&;? rdk;ukwf 5000d^14/ udkbDeKdof(c)udkqH½Snf opöm"r®m½kH rdkif;½SL; 10000d^15/ OD;vSrdk;+a':aqG yavmifuGuf rdkif;½SL; 10000d^16/ ud0k if;vGifpd;k +roDoDpef; (NyL;Mu,f-wGifc)Hk 100000d^17/ a':oef;oef;(orD;)rrD;i,f rdkif;½SL; 10000d^18/ rat;at;vSKdif rdkif;½SL;
10000d^19/ udk0if;udk+roef;oef;aX; rdkif;½SL;
10000d^-

þpmpOfro
S nf qufvufxw
k af 0rnfh
pmpOfrsm; xkwaf 0Edik &f ef
&nf&G,fvª'gef;ygonf/

odUk
...............
...............
...............

twGuf

w&m;vufaqmif

rS
................
................
................

þw&m;vufaqmifpmpkukd
a&;om;&mwGif bmompum;onf
vlrsKd;tcsif;csif; qufqH&mü
aygif;ul;wHwm;ozG,f jzpfojzifh
rdk;ukwfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;\
y#dpo
ö rkygÜ 'f t½IUct
H ½IUÓPf
tajccHoabmw&m;rsm;udk
A DICTIONARY
OF
BUDDHIST TERMS.

Ak'a¨ 'oemawmf
a0g[m&tbd"mefusr;f udk
udk;um;íwifjytyfygonf /

opöma&mifjcnf
"r®jyefUyGg;a&;tzGUJ

t&SiÓ
f Pod'(d¨ rHak &G;)
\
xGu&f NdS yD;aompmpOfrsm;
1/ a,m*Dvufpu
JG srf; (2005)
,ck
pum;vufaqmif (1)
pum;vufaqmif (2)
rdik ;f ½SL;ajrtwGu-f
pum;vufaqmif (3)
w&m;vufaqmif
þw&m;vufaqmifpmpkukd
opöma&mifjcnf
"r®jyefUyGm;a&;tzGUJ rS
½ku
d Ef ySd yf al Zmfygonf/

þw&m;vufaqmifpmpkukd
a&;om;&mwGif bmompum;onf
vlrsKd;tcsif;csif; qufqH&mü
aygif;ul;wHwm;ozG,f jzpfojzifh
rdk;ukwfq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;\
y#dpo
ö rkygÜ 'f t½IUct
H ½IUÓPf
tajccHoabmw&m;rsm;udk
A DICTIONARY
OF
BUDDHIST TERMS.

Ak'a¨ 'oemawmf
a0g[m&tbd"mefusr;f udk
udk;um;íwifjytyfygonf /

opöma&mifjcnf
"r®jyefUyGg;a&;tzGUJ

t&SiÓ
f Pod'(d¨ rHak &G;)
\
xGu&f NdS yD;aompmpOfrsm;
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