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hajj seminar I .pdf



Nom original: hajj_seminar_I.pdf
Titre: Hajj Seminar Part I - Departing from Home
Auteur: Shaykh Husain Abdul Sattar

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Departing from Home
Lecture 1

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

The Day of the Journey
• Try to arrange departure on Thursday
– May not have choice
– Prophet (saw) left for his Hajj on Thursday
– Often commenced trips on Thursday

• Give charity a few days before
– Applies throughout the trip

• Dua of traveling
• Two rakat at home prior to leaving
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Packing
• Travel Light
– Makes your journey easier
– Don’t deceive airline by sneaking on more
weight than allowed

• Separate cash into different places
• Don’t pack ihram into suitcase
• Make photocopies of passport, leave one
at home and one with a companion
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

An Amir
• Appoint a leader to organize the group for
this stage of the travel
– Prophet (saw) said, “When three people travel
they must appoint one of them as their amir.”
– Most groups arrange this beforehand, in
which case it becomes imperative to follow
the amir
Hadrat Abu Saeed Al-Khudri; Abu Dawud

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Being a Traveler
• 48 miles from border of city equals travel
• Fiqh Implications
– Shorten Zuhr, Asr, and Isha from 4 to 2 rakahs
• Exception = praying behind imam

– Sunnahs downgraded
• If actively moving then leave except fajr
• If stationary then pray

– Witr remains wajib

• Spiritual implications: Duas accepted
• Remain traveler unless make niyyah to stay in
one place for 15 days
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Praying on the way
• Must offer prayers
– Most not be too particular about this
– Going to perform 1 fard and miss five daily

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Praying on the way
• In plane use map channel to determine
Qiblah
• Pray standing in small groups or
individually if possible. Otherwise, pray
seated and make up after landing.
• Use the position of the sun in your location
to determine prayer times.

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Miqat
Lecture 2

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Miqat
• 1st major milestone in the
journey
• Defined by
– Zul Hulayfah for approach
from Medina Munawarah
– Zat Irq from Iraq
– Juhfah from Syria and
Egypt
– Yalamlam (aka Sa’diyah)
for people of Southeast
Asia
• Mountain 30 miles south
of Makkah

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Reaching Miqat
• Wajib to enter state of ihram before
crossing this border if intending to enter
Haram
– Even if no intention of hajj or umrah rule still
applies

• If ihram not entered then must return back
to border and enter ihram
– If not possible then must offer a dam
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Miqat
• Person coming from
outside miqat will place
ihram before crossing,
whether for umrah or hajj
• If living in area of miqat
then place ihram in that
area
• If in Haram then place
ihram for hajj there, but
place ihram for umrah
outside of boundaries of
Haram
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Miqat
• Jeddah is within miqat
• Majority of scholars agree
that if going to Haram
must be in ihram prior to
landing at Jeddah
– Enter ihram at stop over
just before Jeddah
– Don’t pack in check-in
luggage

• Ihram not necessary if
going directly to Madina
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Ihram
Lecture 3

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Introduction
• Literally, to make unlawful
• Legally, state entered when intending hajj or
umrah
• Spiritually, the state entered by someone who
forsakes everything for Allah (swt)
• Represented by two sheets of cloth (males), also
called ihram
– Dress of the dead
• Reminds us of our fate
• Also marks the death of our connection with duyna for the
next few days
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Before Entering Ihram
• Clip nails, remove armpit hair and pubic hairs
(mustahabb)
– Done before leaving home

• Ghusl or wudu (sunnah)
– For cleanliness
– Thus, not replaced by tayammum
– Done by menstruating women as well

• Entering into clothing of ihram
• Apply uncolored scent (sunnah) to body
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Clothes of Ihram
• Males
– must remove all clothing (including socks and shoes
and hat) and wear two unstitched white sheets of
cloth
• Unstitched means not stitched in the pattern of the body

• Females
– Wear regular stitched clothes, hijab, socks, shoes, etc
– Cloth cannot touch face
• Instead can use baseball type cap

– Menstruating woman will enter ihram
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Prayer of Ihram
• Two rakah (sunnah) with intention of ihram





Head covered (males)
Qul ya ayyuhal kafirun in 1st
Qul hulllahu ahad in 2nd
Prayer not offered at makruh or haram times or by
menstruating woman

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Entering Ihram
• Remain seated facing Qiblah (mustahabb)
• Uncover head
• Make niyyah
– Umrah alone or one of three types of Hajj
• Tamattu
• Qiran
• Ifrad

– If on behalf of someone else then should take that
person’s name
– Verbal better but silent accepted
– Can be done in one’s own language
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Three types of Hajj
• Hajj Qiran
– Enter ihram with intention to perform umrah
and hajj in one ihram
– After completion of umrah will not trim or
shave hair
– Then remain in Makkah in ihram waiting for
hajj

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Three Types of Hajj
• Hajj Tamattu
– Enter ihram with intention of performing
umrah only to be later followed by new ihram
for hajj
– After umrah trim/shave hair to remove ihram
– Remain in Makkah without ihram until the Hajj

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Three Types of Hajj
• Hajj Ifrad
– Enter ihram with intention to only perform hajj

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Dua for Ihram of Hajj
‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻪ ِﻣ‬ ‫ﺒ ﹾﻠ‬‫ﺗ ﹶﻘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ ِﻟ‬‫ﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺞ ﹶﻓ‬ ‫ﺤ‬
 ‫ ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﻲ ﺃﹸ ِﺭ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ ِﺇ‬‫ﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﹶﻟﱠﻠ‬

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Dua for Ihram of Umrah
‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ ِﻣ‬‫ﺒ ﹾﻠﻬ‬‫ﺗ ﹶﻘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﺎ ِﻟ‬‫ﺮﻫ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻓ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‬‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﻲ ﺃﹸ ِﺭ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ ِﺇ‬‫ﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﹶﻟﱠﻠ‬

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Dua for Ihram of Hajj and Umrah
‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ ِﻟ‬ ‫ﺮﻫ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺮ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻓ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺞ ﻭﺍﹾﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﺤ‬
 ‫ ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﻲ ﺃﹸ ِﺭ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ ِﺇ‬‫ﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﹶﻟﱠﻠ‬
‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ ِﻣ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﺒ ﹾﻠ‬‫ﺗ ﹶﻘ‬‫ﻭ‬
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Talbiyah
• Recite three times (once is wajib; three is
sunnah)
• Men loudly (sunnah), women softly
• Cannot be absolutely silent

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Talbiyah
‫ﻚ ِﺇﻥﱠ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻚ ﹶﻟ‬
 ‫ﻚ ﹶﻟ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺷ ِﺮ‬ ‫ﻚ ﹶﻻ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻚ ﹶﻟ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ ﹶﻟ‬‫ﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻚ ﺍﹶﻟﱠﻠ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
 ‫ﻚ ﹶﻟ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺷ ِﺮ‬ ‫ﻚ ﹶﻻ‬
 ‫ﻤ ﹾﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﻚ ﻭ‬
 ‫ﻤ ﹶﺔ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺤ‬
 ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Talbiyah
• Should be continuously recited with every
change in state
– Not a group dhikr
– Not recited during tawaf or sa’ie

• Ends
– with the first stoning in hajj
– With the beginning of tawaf in umrah

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Milestone of Talbiyyah
• Legally (with niyyah) places a servant in a
state of ihram
• Represents answer to Allah’s (swt) call to
perform Hajj
• Represents answer to Prophet Ibrahim’s
(AS) call to Hajj

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Talbiyah –Ramifications
‫ﻰ‬‫ﻲ ﺇﻻ ﹶﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﺴِﻠ ٍﻢ‬
 ‫ﺎ ﻣِﻦ ﻣ‬‫ ﻣ‬s ‫ﷲ‬
ِ ‫ﻮﻝﹸ ﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﺳ‬ ‫ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ‬
‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺠ ٍﺮ ﺃ‬
 ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺠ ٍﺮ ﺃ‬
 ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺎِﻟ ِﻪ ِﻣ‬‫ﻭ ِﺷﻤ‬ ‫ﻴِﻨ ِﻪ‬‫ﻳ ِﻤ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻦ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻨ‬ ‫ﻭ ٰﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻨ‬ ‫ﻦ ٰﻫ‬ ‫ﺽ ِﻣ‬
 ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻨ ﹶﻘ ِﻄﻊ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺣﺘ‬ ‫ﺪ ٍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣ‬
A Muslim does not call the talbiyah except that from his right
and from his left every stone, tree, and the ground also recites
the same to the end of the earth
Sahl ibn S’ad; Tirmizi and Ibn Majah
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Talbiyah
• It is reported that when Ali Zainul Abideen
(ra) used to enter into ihram, his face
would become pale, his body would
shake, he and could not recite labbaik
• When asked why, he stated, “I fear greatly
that in reply to my labbaik, a cry may come
saying laa labbaik. Your presence here is
not accepted. He would then utter labbaik
and fall off his camel unconscious.”
www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.

Ihram (Practical Points)
• Locks you into performing the hajj/umrah
• Only other way to remove state is by
sacrificing in Makkah

www.sacredlearning.org
© 2006 Sacred Learning. All rights reserved.


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