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larevueinternationale30 121101174750 phpapp01 .pdf



Nom original: larevueinternationale30-121101174750-phpapp01.pdf
Titre: Microsoft Word - La revue internationale 30n
Auteur: (Invit\351)

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‫‪http://aawsat.com/details.asp?section=4&issueno‬‬
‫=‪=12390&article‬‬
‫‪701990&search=%C7%E1%E3%DB%D1%C8&state=true‬‬

‫‪30 10 2012‬‬

‫ر ا
ا ی رض زی دة ی ت ا ‬

‫ ل ر
‪ ،‬إن ا اﺏ آ ان‪ ،‬ر ا ا ﺏ ‪ ،‬ی" رض ا &ی دة '
*" ی) ت ا ‪ ، +‬وآ ‪ ,+‬إ ى‬
‫ا ‪ /‬ا ‪ 1+ 0‬ت أ )ا‪ 8 ،( 456‬ا ی‪ 9‬ﺏ‪:‬ن اﺏ آ ان وا'; ‪ <0‬زی دة ‪ 12 >0‬أ ‪ /‬دره‪ 1400) A‬دو‪6‬ر(‬
‫آ‪ "E‬ی) ت إﺽ ' '
ا از‪ +‬ا " ‪ 0‬و ا ‪ G 4*
E‬دا‪ H8‬ا ن‪ ،‬ﺏ أن ‪ <9I‬ا ‪ ،
90J‬وزی ا‪ *6‬ل )ا ‪L‬م(‬
‫وا ‪ ;M 4‬ا ‪
N‬ﺏ ‪ AN‬ا ل إن اﺏ آ ان ‪ A‬ی ا'; ‪ <0‬ار ی‪
)O‬ﺏ&ی دة *" ی) ت ا ‪ . +‬وأوﺽ‪ Q‬أن ر ‬
‫ا ا ﺏ ی" رض أي زی دة '
*" ی) ت ا ‪. +‬‬
‫ی‪ 1‬ر إ < أن ا ‪ +‬ا رﺏ ی‪ OE‬ﺽ ن ﺵ‪ S‬ی ‪ 30 >0‬أ ‪ /‬دره‪ 3500) A‬دو‪6‬ر(‪ ،‬ﺏ أن ه‪ 4‬ك ﺵ ى ﺏ‪:‬ن ا ‪ X >0‬آ ف‬
‫ ‪ I E‬ا ‪&E‬ا *‪ 8 ،AS‬ﺹ ی‪ ;0"E‬ﺏ [ '
ا ﺏ ط أو ری‪ /‬ا ‪ HO4E‬دوا ه‪ A‬إ < ا " ﺹ ا ﺏ ) ر ]‪ [0‬ت‬
‫ا ن‪ .‬و'
ﺽ ع _‪ ، 8‬ل ا ‪
90J‬إن اﺏ آ ان ‪ A‬ی ر ‪ 4‬أي ‪ /‬ﺏ‪:1‬ن ا ی‪ ` I A‬ز ‪» A a4* A‬ا ‪ 1‬‬
‫ا ‪ « LN‬ا ‪d‬ي ی" ‪
' G‬ا ‪ ،<94‬أ‪ 45‬ء أدا ‪ fN 4‬ا " ة '
و ‪ N ,‬ﺏ;‪ ،‬وإ‪ A +‬ی‪ H E‬ﺏ‪ :‬ل ‪ .` I‬وآ ن ‪ X ` I‬در‬
‫'
‪ O / E4‬ا [ " ‪ 4‬ت ا ‪ O‬ن ا ﺽ
‪ gO‬ا‪ EX‬ل ا [ ‪
N‬ﺏ ]‪ 0‬ن‪ ،‬أ أﺏ ز دة &ب ا‪6‬ﺵ‪ E‬اآ
‪ O0‬ات‬
‫ا ‪
' "1‬ذ ‪ f‬ا ‪ ،,‬ﺏ" أن و]‪ S* ,S‬ا ‪ E‬رط '
*‪ f0‬ا " ‪ d9+ j ، 0‬ا‪ 45‬ن *‪» A a4‬ا ‪ 1‬ا ‪ « LN‬ا ‪ a‬ر‬
‫ ‪ 0‬ا‪ EX‬ل ﺏ ]‪ 0‬ن‪ .‬وآ ن اﺏ آ ان ‪ ) [9+‬ا '
ه‪ kd‬ا ‪ 4 ، l‬ا‪ O
' S4 ;1+‬ا ‪ 4 + m‬ت ‪ 4‬دا ﺏ‪ 0N:‬ب ا "‪/4‬‬
‫ا ‪d‬ي ا‪ . ElSE+‬وز ‪
' ` I A‬ر‪ 1+ N‬ت '
ا ب‪ ،‬أن اﺏ آ ان ا* ‪ H‬ﺏ‪ ':‬اد أ‪.<p> 0 n )0 * N‬وی["< ‪` I‬‬
‫ا ‪d‬ي آ ن ی‪L8
' A O‬ل '‪ E‬ة ‪ A‬ا "‪ " O‬ا ‪dO‬ا'
وا‪ HOE+‬ﺏ" ه إ < ﺏ ی‪ ، + I‬ا " دة ‪ ،k 94‬ر‪ "* A E X‬ف‬
‫*‪ l‬وﺏ ‪ M‬ف ا [‪ I0‬ت ا ﺏ ‪.‬‬

‫‪http://www.alquds.co.uk/index.asp?fname=data\2012\10\10‬‬‫‪25\25qpt698.htm‬‬

‫ا! ن ‪ "#‬ﺡ‪ $‬ا '& ( ‬
‫* ) ا ‪ "$‬ﺡ " ا )ی ‬

‫‪25 10 2012‬‬

‫ ا‪ ،‬ار
ا ا ات ا دول ا ا ! ‪ #‬رة ا ‪$ %‬ت ا & ة )(' ‪$ %‬ت‬
‫ا ‪ +‬ﺡ( ا‪.‬ﻥ‪ ، $ ,‬و ‪ /‬رت ‪ $01‬ـ آ‪ $+‬ا ‪ $%‬ا ‪ ,‬ﻥ‪ 4‬ـ إ ' ‪$7‬ه ات دا) إ ' إﺱ ‪$‬ط ا ‪ +0, %‬إ ‪$‬ه‪$‬‬
‫ ‪.$‬ﻥ; ‪$‬ح ) =‪$‬دئ ا > رة وأه ا ‪..$0‬‬
‫ودون ا ل (
‪$‬ت ه‪ AB‬ا ‪ %,‬آ‪$‬ت وار =‪$!+ $0C$‬ر ﺱ ‪$‬ﺱ ‪
(,D‬ﺝ‪B‬ر ‪ $‬ا‪$& .‬ه‪$‬ت ا‪G‬ﺱ‪ F‬ا ‪ )$H‬ة ‬
‫ا ‪ / +‬ا ‪J ،‬ﻥ‪ I‬ا ‪ K0
+‬ا ه‪$‬ﻥ‪$‬ت ا ﺱ‪$‬ﺱ ‪ AB0‬ا ‪ +‬ﺡ( و‪ $0#$ L‬ا ‪ 7, +‬ة ‪.‬‬
‫ا ‪. %,‬ت ا &‪$‬ر ا ‪ / +‬ا وا ‪ H‬د ا اﺽ‪ %( M‬آ‪$‬ت ا‪G‬ﺱ‪ F‬و (‪$ ,‬رات ا ‪
(4‬أ)‪$‬د ا ‪$‬ش ﺝ ﺡ ل ﺝ‪ (+‬‬
‫ ا ‪ H,‬رات ا
وا ‪ +‬ا‪ P#‬ا ‪$ 4‬ﺱ ‪ AB0‬ا ‪ %‬آ‪$‬ت‪ ،‬و ا أن ا ‪ ,‬آ ; )(' ه‪ AB‬ا ‪$ ,‬رات
‪ $0‬آ‪ (,‬ا ‪$‬ر أآ> ‬
‫ا ‪ ,‬آ ; )( ‪ $0
$0‬ﺡ آ‪$‬ت اﺝ‪ )$+,‬وﺱ ‪$‬ﺱ ‪ $0 () Q=/‬ﺝ‪ # +‬ا) ا ‪ R (%,‬ا ‪$ 4‬ﺱ وا‪.‬ﺝ‪.. )$+,‬‬
‫ا ‪ %‬آ‪$‬ت ا‪G‬ﺱ‪ F‬ﺡ آ‪$‬ت اﺝ‪ $ )$+,‬رﺝ ا و '‪ S ( M % ،‬ا دورا ‪ H R ! $+0‬را ‪ $0‬و ا‪ $0
#‬ﺡ ل‬
‫‪ $ $1#‬ا و وا ‪ $0 ، +,&+‬آ‪ T$4‬ا ‪$ +&,‬ت ا‪G‬ﻥ‪$4‬ﻥ = ' ‪ %‬ا) ا‪.‬ﺝ‪$+,‬ع ا =! ي و &‪$7 +‬ه ا ‪ H‬ر‬
‫ا‪G‬ﻥ‪$4‬ﻥ ‪..‬‬
‫ه‪ AB‬ا
ﺽ ا ‪ %+‬ر ‪ ) +& $0‬ا ‪ X= WT$,‬أ ‪B‬ه‪ $‬ا‪$=,).‬ر‪ $0 ،‬أﺱ‪$‬ﺱ‪ $‬أن ه‪ AB‬ا ‪ %‬آ‪$‬ت ا‪.‬ﺝ‪ )$+,‬‬
‫وا ‪$ 4‬ﺱ ا ‪$ '() , ,‬ت ا ‪ K 7 ,‬ا ‪ +‬ﺱ‪ 4 $4‬ي )( ‪ # $0‬ا) ا ‪ H‬د وا ;ول‪ ،‬آ‪ $+‬ﺱ ت )(' ﺝ‪ +‬ا ‪ %‬آ‪$‬ت‬
‫ا ‪$ 4‬ﺱ وا‪.‬ﺝ‪ =) )$+,‬ا ‪$,‬ر ‪ ،Y‬و ‪ $0 () Q=/‬ا ا) ا ‪ (D‬وﻥ أ ل ا ول و ده‪..$‬‬
‫و ‪J Z B‬ن ا ‪ (& ,4 B‬ن ﻥ‪ WT$,‬ا‪G‬ﺱ‪ X /(4( F‬ض إﺱ ‪ . ،K0C$‬رآ ن ! ‪ R‬ﺝ ‪ =C‬ا ‪ ,‬ا‪.‬ﺝ‪ )$+,‬‬
‫وا ‪$ 4‬ﺱ ‪ AB0‬ا ‪ %‬آ‪$‬ت‪ ،‬آ‪ $+‬أﻥ‪ /D K0‬ون ‪ #‬اءة ا ‪ +‬ﺡ( ا ‪$ 4‬ﺱ ا اه ‪ 7‬ر ‪$‬ر ‪. D‬‬
‫ ا ‪ ، K0+‬أن ﻥ
‪] K0‬ن ا ‪ +0+‬ا ‪$,‬ر ‪ D‬ا ‪$ (+‬ة )(' )‪ Q $‬ا‪G‬ﺱ‪ F‬ا م ‪ 4‬ه ا &‪$‬ح ا !]ن ا ‪$‬م آ‪ $+‬أﻥ ‪$‬‬
‫ﻥ _ ‪$‬خ د ‪ # +‬ا‪ C‬ﺡ ‪ ،‬ا ‪ +0+‬ا ‪ 4 T‬ا ‪$ (+‬ة )(' )‪ K0 $‬ه ﺱ ‪ # Y‬ا) ا ‪ ,‬اول ا ‪ # +‬ا‪ '() C‬ا ‪،K %‬‬
‫وإرﺝ‪$‬ع ا ‪ /(4‬إ ' ‪ Q/‬ا‪G‬رادة ا ! = ‪ ،‬و ﺵ وط ا ‪ b $ ,‬ا ‪ %‬ا = ا ‪ W‬وا ‪$‬ر‪..‬‬
‫ه‪ AB‬ا ‪ +0+‬ا ‪$,‬ر ‪$ $0 % (! D‬رات ﺱ ‪$‬ﺱ أ ى‪ ،‬آ‪ $+‬أن ا‪G‬ﺱ‪ F‬ﺡ ه‪$) K‬ﺝ;ون ‪], $‬آ )(' ا ‪$‬م ‪'() $0‬‬
‫أآ‪ R+‬وﺝ‪..I‬‬
‫و ‪ Z B‬ا ‪ =+‬ﺝ ا أن ‪ R& ,4‬ا = ‪ d‬ﺱ ط ا ‪$ ,‬ر ا‪G‬ﺱ‪ F‬ا ‪ / +‬ا ا (‪ 7%‬ا ‪$ 4‬ﺱ ا اه ‪ ،‬و

‫ا
ا ‪$,‬ر ‪ D‬ا ‪ ,‬ﺝ‪$‬ءت
‪ R1‬ا ا ‪..‬‬

‫أو‪o ،6‬ن ه‪d‬ا ‪ X‬ا ‪ 4‬ا‪ E]6‬وا [ ‪ o ' N‬ی‪ ;0"E‬ﺏ آ ت ا]‪ E‬و‪ _ H * N N‬ل ] ه ‬
‫ ی) ا ‪ "1‬ب ا " ﺏ ‪6‬زا ‪ S ' ;m* ,‬و ‪ S‬ا ‪&E‬ا ت و*" ات ا*‪ l‬ه‪ S‬ی‪
4‬أن *‪
9‬ﺏ‪ ، S‬و‪o، + 5‬ن ا ‪ S‬ا ‪ E‬ری‪ J‬‬
‫ا ‪ 0I‬ﺏ ‪ l+‬ز ا ‪ E‬ل ا ی ا‪ 6
M‬ی أن *‪ ;O E‬ﺏ ون [ ه أ‪ E0 N N‬رات ا ‪ LN‬ا ‪.. "1‬‬
‫‪ ، " M‬ه‪d‬ا ا ‪L‬م ‪ 6‬ی"‪ H ]:*
4‬ا ‪ O4‬ا ‪ 0I‬ب ‪o‬داء ا ‪ LN‬وه‪ A‬ی ر‪ N‬ن ا [‪ 0I O4 ' ، I0‬ب " ة ا ‪ E‬رات‪ :‬أو‪ 6‬‬
‫ا ) وري ‪ N‬ا ‪ E‬رات ا ‪ LN‬و‪ O+‬ه ‪ <0‬ارا*‪ S‬و ‪ <0‬أدا ‪ 8 S‬ﺹ ‪ `9* * 4‬ی‪ &+ S‬ت ا ا‪ * X‬‬
‫وا ا " أآ‪ &+ m‬ت ا ا ‪ /‬ا ا ‪ ` l[4‬ا ‪ A O‬ا ی ا‪ + 5.. M‬ا ) وري [ ة ا آ ت ا ‪ LN‬‬
‫ ‪ lE S[9+ <0‬وز ﺏ"‪ q‬ا " ت ا ‪d‬ا* ﺏ ‪ E‬ره آ ا]‪ S E‬ا ‪ /‬و اءات ‪ N‬ﺏ‪ E * O‬ج إ < ا]" ت‬
‫ﺽ وری ‪..‬‬
‫ [‪s‬و ا ‪ gJ4‬ا [ ‪ /0EJ N‬ا ‪ E‬رات ا ‪ 9‬ی وا [ ‪ N‬ا م ه ‪ l* :‬وز ‪ ;I4‬ا ا ت وا ‪ 4 IE‬ت ا [ ‪ N‬‬
‫ا رو‪ 0 5‬ا‪ EN6‬اد وا " ‪ ] O* t N * <0 H‬ی ة '
ا ار ا ) وري ‪ 4‬ء ا و ا ی ا‪ M‬ا ی‪<0 m‬‬
‫ ا ] ی ة‪ ،‬و* ‪ / m‬ا ‪ O4‬ش ل ا ‪ A O‬ا ‪ 0 0 [Ns‬ا ‪ O‬د ‪..‬‬
‫ﺹ ‪ ،Q‬ه‪ 4‬ك ‪ l‬ا‪ 0vNo‬وا ‪ )O‬ی وا ﺵ ّ ت ا ‪ O0"E‬ﺏ " د ا آ ت ا ‪ ، ّ LN‬و* ‪ S‬إ < ‪ g 6‬ا]‪
E‬‬
‫و‪
N N‬أ‪
N N‬و' ‪ N N a4
' H‬ی‪ <0 4E[* m‬ا ‪ a4‬م ا ی ا‪
M‬ا ‪ ،
0 m E‬وه ی‪ 9‬ض ‪` ] <0‬‬
‫ا‪ Mo‬اف‪ ،‬و'
‪ ASE O‬ا ‪ LN‬ن‪ ،‬ﺽ ورة ا ‪ / E‬ا [ ی` ` ا ا ‪ a4‬م ا ی ا‪
M‬وا ‪L8 5:E‬ل *‪ f0‬ا ‪ O‬ا ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ، " M‬أه‪ Q L A‬ا ‪ m‬رات ا " ﺏ أ‪:] ' S+‬ت ا ‪ ،` l‬ﺏ '
ذ ‪ ،f‬ا ‪ E‬رات ا ‪ S[9+ LN‬ا ‪
E‬ﺵ‪ a ,‬ار* ك‬
‫ ‪ ` ]
'
O O‬ا ول ا "‪ 4‬و*"‪ m‬ت آ‪ m‬ا ‪ H‬أن *[‪ H g E‬و*‪ J4‬ط '
ا ‪ 0‬ا ‪ l‬ی ة ‪ ..‬وی ا ‪ O‬ل ﺏ‪:‬ن‬
‫ا ‪ A LN‬ی ‪ AS‬دور آ '
إ‪LM‬ق ﺵ ارة ا‪ ] lE 6‬ت ا ‪ ، "1‬ﺏ‪ H‬إن ﺏ")‪ AS‬و ‪
' /‬و] ه‪ kd‬ا ی‪
' 4‬ا ای ‪..‬‬
‫ا‪y‬ن *‪ l‬ا آ ت ا ‪ S[9+ LN‬أ م إرث * ری‪
J‬ا ر‪ N‬ا [ ‪ <0 I H{ N‬ا " م ﺏ ‪ EN6‬اد وا ‪ ،n0[E‬وه ‬
‫* اث ی ‪ E‬ج إ < *‪ O‬ی‪ A‬و‪ ' O+‬ي ;‪ ،‬ﺏ ازاة ` ‪ O+‬ﺏ"‪ q‬ا ‪ lE‬رب ا [ ‪ N‬ا ‪ LN‬ا ‪ `IE[* A
E‬ا ‪ "E‬ی‪` G‬‬
‫ا ‪ a4‬ا ی ا‪ M‬ا ی‪ 9* ` ، m‬ﺽ [‪ &0E‬ت ا ‪ IE‬ر وا ‪ lE‬ی ا ‪ 9‬ي ا ‪ I‬ع ﺏ "‪ I‬ت ا ‪ 0‬ا ‪ l‬ی ة‪..‬‬
‫'
ﺏ ای *[" ‪ 4‬ت ا ‪ O‬ن ا ﺽ
و ‪ /‬أ دة ا ‪ E‬ر ا ‪
'
LN‬إ ى ا ول ا " ﺏ "‪ ' 0‬ق ‪ 4‬ا ‪ " l‬ی‪:
0‬‬
‫'أﺏ‪ 1‬آ‪ A‬إ‪ 8‬ا‪
+‬ﺏ‪:‬ن ا‪ JE+6‬ﺏ ت ا ‪ 1E‬ی" ا ‪ O‬د ‪ EN‬ن _‪ 8‬ا‪ JE+‬ﺏ ت ﺏ}ذن ا~‪o ،‬ن ﺵ ع ا~ ‪&4 N‬ل ‪ <0‬ی إ‪ 8‬ا‪ً X A +‬ا‪..‬‬
‫ﺵ" ر‪ + 6 +‬ن ‪ 6‬د‪ EN‬ر ل ا~ ل ا ‪ N‬ل'‪...‬‬
‫ا م ه‪ 4‬ك ره ن آ ‪ H"] <0‬ا ‪ E‬رات ا ‪ IN‬ا ‪ LN‬ه
ﺽ ‪ +‬ا ‪ E‬ازن " ر ا ‪ 0‬ا‪ OE+6‬ا اه‪ 4‬ﺏ‪ l4‬ح‪ ،‬ا م‬
‫ی‪ O‬م راﺵ ا ‪ 4‬ﺵ
ا " إ < * ‪ +‬ﺏ" ‪ M <94‬ل ‪
' 4N 20‬ﺏ ی‪ ، + I‬ﺏ ﺽ` ا أة ‪ <0 l X‬رأس ‪ 6‬ﺵ

‫ &ﺏ '
ا‪ JE+‬ﺏ ت أ ) ء ا ‪ 0l‬ا ‪
[ N:E‬ﺽ` ا ‪ EN‬ر‪ ،‬وی‪ O‬ل و‪ +‬ا‪ No‬ة ا ‪
E‬وﺽ"‪ S‬ﺏ ر ‪ ،‬وا ‪`4 *
E‬‬
‫ا ‪ "E‬د و* ر ا أة‪' :‬إ‪ S+‬ا]‪ SE‬د إ‪ ..'..
LN‬و'
أ‪ N‬ا ‪ 8‬ان ا [‪ 0‬ن &ﺏ ‪ N N‬ﺏ" ‪ ON‬ط رك ﺏ" أن آ ‪ +‬ا‬
‫] ‪ a‬رة ة ‪.. 4N 80‬‬

‫و ‪ 4‬ا ا‪ g + g 4 I 4M‬ا '
&ب آ ن أ‪ +‬ر‪ 4N 20 H k‬ی‪ O‬ن إن ا ‪LN‬م ه ا ‪
' .H‬ﺹ ح ‬
‫ا ‪ A‬ﺏ‪ 0‬ج‪ ،‬أ ا ‪ O‬دة ا "[ ی ‪ m0‬رة‪ l ،‬ی ة ' ‪ 4N 42 41 ' :L ' +‬ﺏ‪ L‬د‪ EN‬ر و‪ + 6‬ن و‪ 6‬ل‪ .‬ا‪y‬ن ‪ +‬ی دو ‬
‫ ‪ E * +‬م ا ‪ + O‬ن و*‪ ; I‬ا " ل‪ ،‬أ ﺵ ‪ H‬ا ‪ a4‬م ' د‪ k‬ا ‪ ...g"1‬و‪ ] + 6‬ه‪ 4‬أ]‪ H‬إ ‪ a+‬م ‪ M‬ن‪...'.‬‬
‫ا م ی‪ a4‬آ‪ m‬ا ‪ LN‬ﺏ ‪ H 0‬ا ‪ l‬ب ‪ lE‬ﺏ دة ا " ا وا ‪ *
' 4E‬آ وآ ‪ l+ /‬ا '
دة ﺏ‪L‬ده‪ + A‬‬
‫ﺏ ا ی ‪ O‬ا‪ M‬وا ‪ 4E‬وا‪6‬زده ر ‪ * .2002 d4‬آ ﺽ ‪ ,9‬د‪ S08‬ا ‪ {
'
O‬ف ‪ 4N ` N‬ات ﺏ‪ S1‬دة ا ‪ f4‬ا و
‪ ،‬و ‪dS‬ا‬
‫ﺹ ت ا‪ *o‬اك ‪ 0‬ة ا ‪ <0 m m‬ح ا " ا وا ‪. 4E‬‬
‫وی و ﺏ‪:‬ن ا ‪ <0 ` l‬إدراك * م ﺏ‪:‬ن ‪ +‬ن ا ‪ IE‬ر ‪ [ N‬ي ‪ <0‬ا ‪ ' ، LN‬ﺏ ` ا " ﺏ
أ‪ 5‬و‪.AS ' 5s N‬‬
‫أو‪o :6‬ن ه‪ 4‬ك ى ] ی ة ه
ا ‪
E‬آ‪ ,‬ا ‪ 1‬رع ود'"‪ ,‬ا ‪ LN‬إ < ا‪ E 6‬ق ﺏ‪ .. S‬ا ‪ 1‬ب و]&ء ا ‪ O I‬ا ‪ X <IN‬‬
‫ا ‪& E‬ﺏ و‪ X‬ا ‪s‬د ‪ ، l‬ا ‪ I‬ﺏ ی وا ی ‪ O‬ا‪ M‬و رﺏ ا ‪ [9‬د و ‪ 4‬ه) ا‪ EN6‬اد‪ ،‬وا ‪ "0IE‬إ < ‪ +‬ذج ا ب '

‫ا ‪ A‬ا ی ‪ O‬ا‪
M‬ا ﺵ ‪ ،‬وا ‪
E‬و ‪
' ,9‬ا ‪ 9‬ف ا‪o‬و < '
أآ‪ m‬ﺹ ﺏ ‪ g IE‬ﺏ ‪ H‬ا‪ EN6‬اد وﺏ}‪ ON‬ط ا‪ a+o‬‬
‫ا ‪ 1‬ا ‪ A *
E‬ا ‪L‬د ا " ﺏ ‪o : + 5...‬ن [‪ &0E‬ت * ﺏ ا ‪ 9* A‬ض ا ‪ IE‬ر وإی‪ l‬د ا ‪ 0‬ل ا ) وری " ‪ l‬‬
‫ا ")‪L‬ت ا‪ E 6‬دی وا‪ E]6‬وا ‪ / 9JE‬ا " ‪ +‬ة ا ‪ 0‬ا‪ ، m 5 ، 4M‬وه‪d‬ا ه ا‪o‬ه‪ :A‬ا ی ا‪ M‬ه
‪ A‬ا ‪g"1‬‬
‫و [‪ ,‬ه
‪ A‬ا‪ 0Xo‬ا " دی '‪ ،nO‬وه ی"‪
4‬ﺽ ورة ا‪ E 6‬اف ﺏ ‪ O‬ق ا‪ 0 o‬وا " ‪ <0 H‬إﺵ اآ‪ *
' S‬ﺏ ا ‪ 0‬‬
‫ا‪ 8 ، OE+6‬ﺹ ‪ * 4‬ن ه‪ kd‬ا‪ 5s 0 o‬ة و‪d' +‬ة‪.‬‬
‫ ‪ +‬ن ا ‪ IE‬ر ا‪
E]6‬ﺵ‪ +:‬أن ی‪ 9‬ز ‪ * L‬ری‪ L
' J‬ا ‪LN‬م ﺏ ی ‪ O‬ا‪ 6 .. M‬ه ﺏ "‪
+ 0‬ا د وا ‪ IE‬ف‪ ،‬آ ‬
‫ '‪ {
' ،Lm ، [+ ' E‬وف * ری‪ 8 J‬ﺹ ‪ ،‬و‪ 6‬ه ‪ 5 H‬ا‪
M‬ی ‪ ' A‬ا
ا ‪ + O9‬ﺏ ا~‪ ...‬ه‪ 4‬ك ‪ 8‬ر ‪j 5‬‬
‫*[ ا ‪ J‬ة ا‪ N 0 +o‬آ[ ‪ : +‬ا ‪ Q [E‬ا ‪ E‬دل ﺏ ا ی وا [ ‪ .. N‬ا ی ی"‪ E‬ف ﺏ ور ا "‪
' HO‬إدارة ا ‪:1‬ن ا " م‪ ،‬وا [ ‪ N‬‬
‫*‪ O‬ﺏ ور ا ی و '
*‪ 4 H 1‬ت ا‪ 'o‬اد وا ‪ " El‬ت و*‪dS‬ی‪ AS* 0[ g‬ا [ ‪ Hm
' ... N‬ه‪ kd‬ا ‪ v‬ی[ ` إ‪6‬‬
‫ا ‪ 0 0O‬ن ات ا ‪ 1E‬د وا ‪ IE‬ف و ز ا [‪ 90‬ا ‪ Sl‬دی وا‪o‬ﺹ ا [ ‪ N‬ﺏ ‪ H‬أ ا‪. S+‬‬

‫‪http://www.alquds.co.uk/index.asp?fname=data\2012\10\10‬‬‫‪30\30qpt478.htm‬‬

‫ا
آ ت ا! ‪ ...‬ا اه وا ' ری‪.‬‬
‫د‪ .‬د ‪ "0‬إ اه ‪)
1‬‬

‫‪30 10 2012‬‬

‫ ‪ d4‬وﺹ ل ا آ ت ا ‪ LN‬إ < ا ‪
' A‬ﺏ"‪ q‬ا ‪L‬د ا " ﺏ ‪ ،‬ا ‪ S
E‬ا ﺏ ` ا " ﺏ
‪ < "E*،‬أﺹ ات ه‪ 4‬وه‪ 4‬ك‪،‬‬
‫ ‪ 4‬ر] * ‪ [ ,‬ری ‪ :‬إ ــــ [ را ـ اه ‪ f0E‬ا آ ت‪ ،‬أو ا ‪ *
' X‬ری‪ )
' SI‬ی ‪ ،‬ﺵ‪ S+:‬ا ‪ )O‬ء ‪ H ، S 0‬أن‬
‫*[‪ Hl‬ﺵ‪ S‬دة ‪L‬ده '
دة *‪ f0‬ا ول‪ .‬أ ' ی‪ „J‬ا [ ر ا‪o‬ول‪}' ،‬ن آ اه َ ْ ی ن أ‪ AS[9+‬أ‪ AS+‬آُ‪ َّE‬ب و ‪ 9‬ون‬
‫وﺹ ‪ 9‬ن‪ f0E ،‬ا آ ت ا ‪ <0 j" * 6 ، LN‬ا‪ +6‬ه ش ؛ '‪ ] J* AS‬ا ارس ا "‪ ، + 0‬ا ‪ I4*
E‬ي ‪ 8 <0‬اء‬
‫رو
ره ‪ ،g‬و* ّﺏَ ْا ‪ <0‬ة ا ‪ O‬وا "‪ ، m‬ا ‪d‬ی زر ‪ AS‬ا‪LE 6‬ل ا‪ ،
4]o‬ﺏ" ]‪ L‬ا " ‪ A‬ا " ﺏ
‪ A ،‬‬
‫ا ‪ J‬رج‪.‬‬
‫أ أﺹ ب ا [ ر ا ‪ AS' ،
+ m‬ی ددون ‪ ، +‬ی‪ 0‬آ ‪ S+‬دا ﺏ‪ E ASE4[ :‬ری‪ f0* n‬ا ‪ l‬ت‪ ' ،‬ی‪ v‬ه '
‪ S‬ه ‪ .‬و*‪ Hm E‬ه‪kd‬‬
‫ا ‪ / ) AS* '
' 4‬ا آ ت ا ‪ LN‬إ‪ N‬ا ‪ .(H‬وأ ل ‪6sS‬ء و ‪ <0‬ﺵ آ‪ :ASE0‬إن أو < ا ﺵ رات ا ‪ *
E‬ل‬
‫ ‪ [' <0‬د ا ‪ ، 9‬ا ‪ , E‬ا ‪d‬ي ی‪ J‬ج ' ه‪d‬ا ا ‪. 9‬‬
‫ ‪ O‬ش ا " ‪ A‬ا " ﺏ
'
ا ‪ [9‬د‪ ،‬رد ا & ‪ ' ،‬ی&ی ‪ O EN‬د‪ ،‬وا‪ IEN‬ع '
ه‪ kd‬ا ‪ ، 0‬أن ی ا ﺵ" ﺏ ‬
‫ ه ی‪ ASE‬و‪ ASE' O5‬وأﺹ ‪ ،AS‬ﺏ‪ E‬دی‪
' AS‬أ ) ن ا ب و*[ ‪ AS‬ﺏ ‪ N ،k‬اء ا "[ ا ‪
1‬أو ا ﺏ
‪ .‬وأ ‪ OE‬أن ه‪d‬ا ‪6‬‬
‫ی‪ .H <0 <9J‬أ ا‪o‬و‪ M‬ن ﺏ ' ‪ O S‬رات‪ S O' ،‬ا ‪ [9‬د '
‪ +‬ت *‪ S‬ﺵ‪ ،<E‬ﺏ‪:‬ن أﺹ ‪ ,‬ه‪ kd‬ا ‪ O‬رات ا‬
‫ ‪6sS‬ء ا ‪ [9‬ی ‪.‬‬
‫وا‪y‬ن ذا *‪ H"9‬ا آـــــ ت ا ‪ ، LN‬ا ‪
E‬ا‪ , 0EN‬ا ‪L‬د ا " ﺏ ‪ "I ،‬ا د‪ ،‬دا‪ 08‬ــــ‪ :
' Lm‬ا ‪ 9‬وا "‪A0‬‬
‫واا‪ E 6‬د وا‪ E]6‬ع وا [ ‪... N‬إ ‪ ،t‬و‪ 8‬ر]ـــ ‪
' Lm‬ا‪ I +‬ط ا ا ا " ﺏ ‪ ،‬و*‪ S‬ـــ ‪ G‬ا ‪ ` El‬ا و < ‪L 0‬د ا " ﺏ ‪،‬‬
‫'
أ ‪ 0l : * a4 <0‬ا‪ o‬ــــ وا‪ A o‬ا ‪ E‬ة‪.‬‬
‫أی‪ E‬ر ‪ H‬أن ه‪d‬ا ا ‪ [9‬د ا روث '
ا ‪6 l‬ت ا ‪ 0 90EJ‬ة‪ <0 ،‬ى ه‪ kd‬ا "‪ O‬د‪ ،‬ی أن ی‪ E‬ل إ < ﺹ‪L‬ح ﺏ ‬
‫ ‪ 1‬وﺽ ه ؟‪ .‬أ'
ه‪d‬ا ا ‪ g I+ ,‬ا آ ت ا ‪ LN‬ا ‪ , m* A
E‬أ ا ‪ S‬ﺏ" ﺏ} ‪L‬ن " د*‪ N S‬ا ‪ ،H‬وا ‪ 8‬ل "‪ S‬‬
‫'
‪L 1‬ت‪
' ،‬ی‪ S{ Ha‬ه ‪ 1‬ف ﺏ ‪:M‬ة ه‪d‬ا ا ‪ [9‬د؟ ه‪ H‬ا‪ OEN‬ت ا آ ت ا ‪
' LN‬ا ‪ A‬ﺏ" ؟‪<0
' .‬‬
‫‪ H N‬ا ‪ m‬ل‪ ،‬وا ] إ ‪ S‬ا ‪ 0‬م دا ‪ ]
' Lm ،‬ا ‪ 8‬ان ا [‪ ، 0‬ه‪ H‬ی ] ‪ 0l‬ﺵ"‪ ،g‬أو ‪ 0l‬ﺵ رى‪ <E ،‬ا‪y‬ن‬
‫؟‪ + .‬ه ‪ f‬آ ى ا ‪L 1‬ت ا ‪ *
E‬ا] ر [‪ ، S‬و ‪ <0‬رأ‪ SN‬وﺽ` ا " ا ‪ H‬أ ‪ ،‬ذی ل ا ‪ A‬ا ‪ ،‬ر‪
' X‬إ‪. 98‬‬

‫و'
ﺏ‪ O‬ا‪ I o‬ر ا " ﺏ ‪ ،‬ه‪ H‬ا‪ OEN‬ت ا‪ o‬ر '
و* ‪ +‬وا ؟‪ ،‬ﺏ‪ H‬وا ‪&J‬ي‪ ،‬ه‪ H‬ر ‪ H‬ا ‪ a4‬م ا [ ري ‪ N‬ء‬
‫‪ N‬ری ؟‪ .‬أ*‪ E‬ك ا آ ت ا ‪ LN‬ه‪d‬ا ا ‪ a4‬م ا ‪ N
' "0‬ری ‪ ،‬و*‪ lE‬إ < إ‪ N‬ا ‪H‬؟ ه‪d‬ا ا ‪ 9‬؟‪
' .‬وا ة‪ ،‬ی أن‬
‫‪ s+‬ﺏ *‪d‬ه ن إ ‪ ،‬أن *‪ E‬ل "‪ Aa‬و‪ 6‬أ ل آ‪ H‬ا ت ا " ﺏ إ < ت إ‪ ، LN‬و*‪ S*L 1
S4‬ا ا‪ 08‬‬
‫وا ‪ J‬ر] ‪ ،‬و* ‪ H‬إ < ‪ 0‬ا‪ OEN6‬ار‪ ،‬وا ‪. , mE‬‬
‫ ا
ﺏ ~ ‪ :A 0‬ﺏ‪:‬ي ] ‪ G‬وﺏ‪:‬ي ' ‪ * ،‬ا] ه‪ kd‬ا آ ت إ‪ N‬ا ‪H‬؟ أﺏ ‪ l‬ش ا ‪ ,0E
E‬ﺵ" ‪
' S‬آ‪ m‬ا ‪L‬د ا " ﺏ ‪،‬‬
‫و زا ‪ <E HEO* ,‬ا‪y‬ن؟ أم ﺏ ‪ 'o‬ر ا "‪ + 0‬ا ‪ ، O‬ا ‪ <0 N 94E*
E‬ا ‪LN‬م وا [‪ 0‬؟ أم ﺏ ‪ 1‬ب ا ‪d‬ي أ " ‪ k‬ا ‪:‬س ‬
‫ا ‪ a4‬إ < ا [‪ H OE‬؟‪ .‬ی إ‪ 8‬ا‪ ،
+‬ا‪ o‬ی ‪ E‬ج إ < ﺏ‪ 4‬ء أرﺽ ﺹ‪ ' : 0‬ی ودی‪ 4‬و ‪ 0‬وا]‪ E‬وا ‪ E‬دی و‪ N N‬‬
‫‪...‬إ ‪ .t‬و ‪ A 0 ، S4‬أن *‪ a4‬وا إ ـ< أ ا ‪ ، 4‬ذا ‪ N‬ث ‪ AS‬دون ‪ E‬ل‪ .‬أ ‪ A‬ی‪ HO‬ا ; ‪ + N‬و*" <‪) :‬وأ وا ‪ AS‬ا‪AE"IEN‬‬
‫ ة ‪(...‬؟ أی ه‪ kd‬ا ‪ O‬ة؟ أ ‪ A‬ی ا ‪
4‬ﺹ‪ <0‬ا~ ‪ 0‬و‪
' ،A0N‬ا ‪ 0‬ا ‪ * <E ،‬ن Š‪LN‬م ﺵ آ ‪ ،‬و ‪ S4‬ی أ '

‫'‪ QE‬ا ‪L‬د ا ‪ l‬ورة؟ ه‪ H‬ث أن ا ‪
4‬ﺹ‪ <0‬ا~ ‪ 0‬و‪ ،A0N‬م ﺏ ب أو ‪&X‬وة إﺏ ن ا ة '
‪ ،‬أم أ‪ +‬رﺏ< ] ‪ L‬أ‪ IEN‬ع‬
‫' ﺏ" ‪ 1+‬ا ‪LN‬م '
‪ 1‬رق ا‪o‬رض و رﺏ‪ S‬؟‪.‬‬
‫'
ا ‪ 0‬ا [ ﺏ‪ ، O‬ث ‪ A "0‬ا " ﺏ
ث ا ‪ 4‬ت‪ ،‬و ‪ ` [+ A‬أ‪ A +‬ا*‪ AE S‬ا‪ a+o‬ﺏ ‪ ، OE‬ﺏ‪ H‬آ‪ lEE AE4‬أوا ‪<0‬‬
‫ه‪d‬ا‪ .‬ذا ا آ ت ا ‪ LN‬؟ ه‪ H‬أ ) ء ه‪ kd‬ا آ ت ه‪ A‬ا [‪ 0‬ن و ه‪ ،A‬وأ ) ء ا & ة ا ة آ ‪ +‬ا آ‪ 9‬را ؟‪ .‬أم أن‬
‫ا آ ت ا ‪ LN‬ه
ا ‪:[EN
E‬ل أ م ا~‪ ،‬و‪ X‬ه ‪ 6‬ی[‪:‬ل؟ ‪ A 0‬أن * رآ ا ‪ H‬ا ‪. ,‬‬
‫أ ‪ OE‬أ‪ S9* A +‬ن ه‪d‬ا ] ا‪ ،‬وأ ‪ OE‬أی) أن ا ض آ‪ H‬ه‪d‬ا ‪ ،‬ه ا ع '
" ا ‪ E‬ری‪ <E ،n‬ی‪ O‬م ا ب ‪0‬ـ< ا " ‪A‬‬
‫ا " ﺏ
‪ ،‬وی ا‪ )8o‬وا ﺏ ‪ ،‬وی و ا ﺏ ` ا " ﺏ
] ‪ X‬ﺏ ‪ .‬و ‪}' ،A5‬ن أﺹ ب ا [‪ f0‬ا ‪ 6
+ m‬ی‪ 90EJ‬ن ‬
‫أﺹ ب ا [‪ f0‬ا‪o‬ول‪ AS9
' ،‬ا آ ت ا ‪ H ' ، LN‬آ ر‪ ،k‬وا ‪ H‬ی ی ا ‪ 98‬ق‪ ،‬وإن ا‪ ,90E8‬ا [ ‪ .f‬ه اآ‪ A‬ا~‬
‫وه ا‪.A " +‬‬

http://turkeytoday.net/node/8703

12-10-2012

Press Releases: Democratic Transitions in the Maghreb
Hillary Rodham Clinton

The situation in the rest of the Maghreb is different. Morocco and Algeria have not
experienced revolutions, but recent events have also tested their values and resolve. Last
year, when citizens of Morocco called for change, Moroccan society under King Mohammed
VI answered with major constitutional reforms followed by early elections and expanded
authorities for parliament. An Islamist party leads the new ruling coalition along with a
variety of other parties after thirteen years in the opposition. And we’ve been encouraged
that its leaders have sought to engage all Moroccans and have focused on creating jobs and
fighting corruption. And we continue to urge them to follow through on all of their
commitments for political and economic reform.
Last month, with anti-American protestors in the streets across the cities of Morocco, the
Foreign Minister traveled to Washington for our first-ever Strategic Dialogue. He could have
avoided the cameras, but instead, he strongly condemned the attack in Benghazi, embraced a
broader partnership with the United States, and pledged that his country would continue
working toward democracy and the rule of law. Algeria also has much to gain by embracing
the changes that are taking place around it, and we have seen some progress. The
government held parliamentary elections in May and invited international observers to
monitor them for the first time. And it moved quickly last month to protect diplomatic
missions, including the U.S. Embassy, and to defuse tensions in the streets. But still, Algeria
has a lot of work to do to uphold universal rights and create space for civil society, a message
I delivered at the highest levels in person in February.

Now, what do these snapshots and stories from across the region tell us? On the one hand,
last month’s violence revealed strains of extremism that threaten those nations, as well as
the broader region and even the United States. On the other hand, we’ve seen actions that
would have been hard to imagine a few years ago, democratically-elected leaders and free
people in Arab countries standing up for a peaceful, pluralist future.
It is way too soon to say how these transitions will play out. But what’s not in doubt is that
America has a big stake in the outcome.
Last month at the United Nations General Assembly in New York, I met with leaders from
across the region, and I told each of them that the United States will continue to pursue a
strategy to support emerging democracies as they work to provide effective security
grounded in the rule of law to spur economic growth and bolster democratic institutions.
We’ve made those three priorities the hallmark of America’s involvement in the region.
We've convened donor conferences to coordinate assistance, leverage new partnerships
through the G-8, the Community of Democracies, the OECD; and we have stepped up our
engagement with the Arab League, signing the first ever memorandum of understanding for
a strategic dialogue between us.
But we recognize that words, whether they come from us or others, are cheap. When we talk
about investing in responsible leaders and accountable democratic institutions, it has to be
followed by actual investments.
So we have mobilized more than $1 billion in targeted assistance since the start of the
revolutions. And the Obama Administration has requested from Congress a new $770
million fund that would be tied to concrete benchmarks for political and economic reforms.
And I again urge Congress to move forward on this priority.
But let me briefly just address the three parts of our strategy, starting with security. The
recent riots and lawlessness underscore the challenges of safeguarding public safety in free
societies and reforming security forces. For decades, those forces protected regimes. Now
their job is to protect citizens, especially against the threat from violent extremists. For some
time, al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb and other terrorist groups have launched attacks and
kidnappings from northern Mali into neighboring countries. Now, with the chaos and ethnic
conflict there allowing these groups to carve out a larger safe haven, they are seeking to
extend their reach and their networks in multiple directions.

So we are using every tool we can to help our partners fight terrorism and meet their
security challenges. We recently embedded additional Foreign Service Officers with regional
expertise into the U.S. Africa Command to better integrate our approach. Across the region,
diplomats, development experts, and military personnel are working hand in hand.


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