Algérie Polisario, les vrais secrets d'un soutien irrationnel 1889 Superficie de l’Algérie évaluée à son niveau historique de 318334 km2, The Statesman's Yearbook 1889, pp. 727 728 .pdf


Nom original: Algérie-Polisario, les vrais secrets d'un soutien irrationnel_1889_Superficie de l’Algérie évaluée à son niveau historique de 318334 km2, The Statesman's Yearbook 1889, pp. 727-728.pdfTitre: The Statesman's year-book; statistical and historical annual of the states of the world. Rev. after official returns

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ALGEllIA.

727

all sources
so
was given as 44,034,065 francs. A special return
shows that in the period 1830-88 the total expenditure in Algeria
has been 5,018,066,462 francs, and the total receipts 1,256,041,004
francs, showing an excess of expenditure of 3,785,684,255 francs, or
over 151 millions sterling, this excess being almost entirely for miliThe total expenditure on colonisation has been
tary services.
144,205,504 francs.
The military force in Algeria constitutes the 19th Army Corps;
It consists of 53 batin time of war it can be divided into two.
talions of infantry, 52 squadrons of cavalry, 16 batteries of artillery,
and a due proportion of other subsidiary branches, in all about
54,000 men and 15,000 horses. The strictly local forces consist
of 4 regiments of Zouaves,' 3 regiments of Tirailleurs indigenes,*
3 battalions of Infanterie legere d'Afrique,' and 2 foreign legions
There are alsoof these the Tirailleurs or Turcos only are native.

^^rom
rom

'

'

'

3 regiments of Spahis, corresponding closely to the Indian irregular
cavalry.

Population, Trade, and Industry.

The boundaries of Algeria

are not very well defined, large por-

tions of the territory in the outlying districts being claimed both

the French Government and the nomad tribes who inhabit it
and hold themsrslves unconquered. The colony is divided officially
into three departments, consisting as a whole of the
TerriAccording
toire civil,' and a
Territoire de commandement.'

by

'

'

to

official

returns, the area of the organised part

of the colony

embraces 318,334 square kilometres, or 122,876 English square
miles, with a population, exclusive of wandering Arab tribes, of
3,910,349 souls, at the census of 1886. The following table gives
the area of each of the three departments of Algeria, according to
the returns of 1886
:

'

Territoires'

THE statesman's YEAR-BOOK,

728

1889.

To this must be added what is designated the Algerian Sahara,
o£ indefinite extent, but estimated at 350,000 square kilometres, or
135,000 square miles, and with a population vaguely estimated at
The Civil Territory is constantly increased in area by
50,000.
taking in sections of the Military Territory.
In 1876 the population of the Civil Territory was 1,315,950, and the Military Territory
1,551,676 while the latter was 144,000 kilometres greater in area.
The population in 1881 was 3,310,412. Of the population in 1881,
The increase is
1,772,406 were males and 1,538,006 females.
ascribed partly to immigration, partly to excess of births over
deaths, and partly to more accurate enumeration of the native population.
In 1884 the marriages among whites were 3,543, the births
15,618, and deaths 13,123, showing an excess of 2,495 births
The excess of immigration over emigration in 1880
over deaths.
was 17,436. In 1886, of the total population, there were 261,591 of
French origin, 42,744 naturalised Jews, 3,274,354 French indigenous
subjects, 5,055 Tunisians, and 233,721 foreigners, Spaniards, Italians,
;

Anglo-Maltese, Germans.
The population of the city of Algiers was 74,792 in 1886, of
Oran 67,681, of Constantine 44,960, B6ne 29,640, Tlem9en 28,204,
Philippeville 22,177.
In 1884 there were 756 students at the higher schools
13
secondary schools, with 3,531 pupils; in 1886 1,111 infant and
primary schools, with 94,906 pupils
besides Arab-French and
Mussulman schools. Before the Assize Courts and Correctional
Tribunals 10,116 persons were accused in 1883, of whom 7,975 were
sentenced to imprisonment and 3,427 to fines.
The bulk of the population are engaged in agriculture 3,089,224,
187,033 of whom are Europeans, in 1887. In 1884, 45,000,000
acres were colonised by the agricultural population, of which about
Of this area
fifteen-sixteenths were in the hands of Europeans.
7,300,000 acres were under cereals, chiefly wheat, barley, and oats.
The area under vines (1887) was 196,000 acres, the produce being
41,856,000 gallons of wine. Of olives the crop in 1886 weighed
54,764,000 lbs.; the oil manufactured was 9,034,652 gallons. About
20,000 acres were under tobacco in 1887, the yield being 11,390,000
lbs.
There are five million acres under forest, but the yearly value
of the produce is small, only 1,445,679 francs in 1882. In 1887
there were 1,198,157 cattle, 9,357,774 sheep, 4,666,119 goats, the
bulk belonging to natives.
In 1885, 419,174 tons of iron ore were
raised, valued at 3,410,675 francs.
The commerce of Algeria, like that of France, is divided into
general and special. It is also divided into commerce with France and
commerce with foreign countries, as follows (special commerce) 1887
;

;




Aperçu du document Algérie-Polisario, les vrais secrets d'un soutien  irrationnel_1889_Superficie de l’Algérie évaluée à son niveau historique de 318334 km2, The Statesman's Yearbook 1889, pp. 727-728.pdf - page 1/2

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