Tafsir Ibn Kathir.pdf


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Revealed in Makkah

The Meaning of Al-Fatehah and its Various Names
This Surah is called
- Al-Fatihah, that is, the Opener of the Book, the Surah
with which prayers are begun.
- It is also called, Umm Al-Kitab (the Mother of the
Book), according to the majority of the scholars.
In an authentic Hadith recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who
graded it Sahih, Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger
of Allah said,

ِ َ َ ْ
‫ ْ ُ ا‬

‫ب وَا‬
ِ َ ِ ْ
‫ن َوُأ م ا‬
ِ ْ ُ ْ
‫ ُأ م ا‬
َ ِ
َ َ ْ
‫ب ا‬
َ ‫" ْ ُ! ِ َر‬
َ ْ
‫ا‬
#ُ ِ$ َ ْ
‫ن ا‬
ُ ْ ُ ْ
‫وَا‬
Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin is the Mother
of the Qur'an, the Mother of the Book, and the
seven repeated Ayat of the Glorious Qur'an.
It is also called Al-Hamd and As-Salah, because the Prophet
said that his Lord said,

،ِ ْ َ ْ
ِ ‫ ْ ِي‬
َ
َ ْ َ ‫ َ َة َ ْ ِ َو‬
‫ ا‬
ُ ْ
َ َ
‫ ْ ِي‬
َ ِ
َ ِ ‫ﺡ‬
َ :$
ُ ‫ َ َل ا‬،َ ِ َ َ ْ ‫ب ا‬
% ‫ َر‬$ِ‫) ْ ُ د‬
َ ْ ‫ا‬: ُ ْ َ ْ ‫َ"ِ!ذَا َ َل ا‬