Tafsir Ibn Kathir.pdf
The Number of Words and Letters in Al-Fatihah
The scholars say that Al-Fatihah consists of twenty-five words,
and that it contains one hundred and thirteen letters.
The Reason it is called Umm Al-Kitab
In the beginning of the Book of Tafsir, in his Sahih, Al-Bukhari
"It is called Umm Al-Kitab, because the Qur'an starts
with it and because the prayer is started by reciting it.''
It was also said that it is called Umm Al-Kitab, because
it contains the meanings of the entire Qur'an.
Ibn Jarir said,
"The Arabs call every comprehensive matter that
contains several specific areas an Umm. For
instance, they call the skin that surrounds the brain,
Umm Ar-Ra's. They also call the flag that gathers
the ranks of the army an Umm.''
He also said,
"Makkah was called Umm Al-Qura, (the Mother of
the Villages) because it is the grandest and the
leader of all villages.
It was also said that the earth was made starting from
Further, Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated
about Umm Al-Qur'an that the Prophet said,
#ُ ِ$ َ ْ
ُ ْ ُ ْ
َ ْ ُ ا
ْ َ َ ِ َو ِه
ن َو ِه َ ا
ِ ْ ُ ْ
ُأ م ا
It is Umm Al-Qur'an, the seven repeated (verses) and
the Glorious Qur'an.