Tafsir Ibn Kathir.pdf


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Also, Abu Jafar, Muhammad bin Jarir At-Tabari recorded Abu
Hurayrah saying that the Messenger of Allah said about AlFatihah,

ِ َ َ ْ
‫ ْ ُ ا‬

‫ ا‬
َ ‫ب َو ِه‬
ِ َ ِ ْ
‫" ُ& ا‬
َ ‫َ ِﺕ‬4
َ ‫ن َو ِه‬
ِ ْ ُ ْ
‫ ُأ م ا‬
َ ‫ِه‬
It is Umm Al-Qur'an, Al-Fatihah of the Book (the
Opener of the Qur'an) and the seven repeated (verses).

Virtues of Al-Fatihah
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded in the Musnad that Abu Sa`id
bin Al-Mu`alla said,
"I was praying when the Prophet called me, so I did not answer
him until I finished the prayer. I then went to him and he said,
What prevented you from coming?
I said, 'O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.'
He said, Didn't Allah say,

ْ# ُ ِ ْ"‫ْ ِ
َ ُی‬#‫َ ُآ‬6‫ل ِإذَا َد‬
ِ ;ُ‫ُ;اْ اﺱْ َ >ِ ُ;اْ ِ
< ِ= َو
ِ< ﺱ‬0‫ ءَا َﻡ‬
َ ‫یَ@ ی(َ ا
?ِی‬
O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and
(His) Messenger when he calls you to that which gives
you life.
He then said,
"I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur'an before
you leave the Masjid (Mosque)."
He held my hand and when he was about to leave the Masjid, I
said, `O Messenger of Allah! You said: I will teach you the
greatest Surah in the Qur'an.'
He said, Yes
`Alamin,


َ ِ َ َ ْ ‫ب ا‬
% ‫ َر‬+ِ ّ ُ ْ )
َ ْ ‫ ا‬Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil+ُ -ُ ِ.‫ِي أُو‬0 ‫ ا‬1ُ ِ2 َ ْ ‫ن ا‬
ُ 4ْ56ُ ْ ‫َ
ِ وَا‬7 َ ْ ‫ ا‬8ُ ْ
‫ ا‬
َ ‫ْ ِه‬1 َ
َ

It is the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur'an
that I was given.

4