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‫ﻭﻳﻌــﲏ ﺇﺩﻣــﺎﺝ ﻣﺴـﺄﻟﺔ ﺍﻟــﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﺟــﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻣــﻦ ﲨــﻠﺔ ﻣــﺎ ﻳﻌــﻨﻴﻪ ﲢﺪﻳــﺪ ﺍﻟﻔــﻮﺍﺭﻕ ﺑــﲔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴــﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟــﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻋــﱪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬

‫ﻣﻌﻄﻴـــﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺴـــﻤﺔ ﺣﺴـــﺐ ﺍﳉـــﻨﺲ ﻭﻭﺿـــﻊ ﺍﺳـــﱰﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎﺕ ﻣـــﻦ ﺍﺟـــﻞ ﺇﺯﺍﻟـــﺔ ﻫـــﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔـــﻮﺍﺭﻕ ﻭﺗﻌﺒـــﺌﺔ ﺍﳌـــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻟــﺘﻔﻌﻴﻞ ﻫـــﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﱰﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺿﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﲟﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺎﲥﻢ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﶈﺼﻞ‬

‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﰲ �ﻔـﺲ ﺍﻟﺴـﻴﺎﻕ‪ ،‬ﻓـﺈﻥ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺎﺳـﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟـﱪﺍﻣﺞ ﻭﺍﳌﻴـﺰﺍ�ﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﻴـﺔ ‪ -‬ﺳـﻮﺍﺀ ﻋـﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﲏ ﺃﻭ ﺍﶈﻠﻲ –‬

‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭﺍ ﻭﺗﺄﺛﲑﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺒﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﰲ ﻏﻴﺎﺏ ﺃﺩ�ﻰ �ﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻹﻗﺼﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻀﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍ ﻻﺧﺘﻼﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﺿـﺎﻉ ﺍﳌـﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ ﳍـﺆﻻﺀ‪ .‬ﺑـﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﻌﻼﻗـﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺟـﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺑـﲔ ﺍﻷﻓـﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﺆﺗـﺮ ﻋـﻠﻰ ﻗﺪﺭﺍﲥـﻢ ﻋـﻠﻰ ﺍﻟـﺘﺠﺎﻭﺏ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻴـﺰﺍ�ﻴﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺳﺘﺄﺛﺮ ﺑﺪﻭﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺪﻯ ﳒﺎﺡ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺃﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﲦﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳒﺎﻋﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺨﺬﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﺇﻥ ﺇﺿـﻔﺎﺀ ﺻـﺒﻐﺔ ﺍﻟـﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﺟـﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻋـﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻴـﺰﺍ�ﻴﺔ )ﺟـﻨﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻴـﺰﺍ�ﻴﺔ( ﲢـﺪﺩ ﻛﻌﻤـﻠﻴﺔ ﳜﻀـﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ )ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ‪،‬‬

‫ﳐﻄـﻂ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴـﺰﺍ�ﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑـﺮ�ﺎﻣﺞ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺸـﺮﻭﻉ( ﻟﺘﺤـﻠﻴﻞ ﺣﺴـﺐ ﺍﻟـﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﺟـﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻘـﺎﺱ ﺗـﺄﺛﲑ ﺍﻻﻋـﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺮﺻـﻮﺩﺓ ﲟﺪﻯ ﺗﻄﻮﺭ‬

‫ﻇـﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻴـﺶ ﻟﻠﺴـﺎﻛﻨﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ ﻭ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ �ﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﻥ‪.‬‬

‫ﺇﺫ ﺗﺸــﻜﻞ ﺟــﺰﺀﺍ ﻣــﻦ ﻛــﻞ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﻖ ﻹﺩﻣــﺎﺝ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﺑــﺔ ﲥــﺪﻑ ﻟــﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻹ�ﺼــﺎﻑ ﻭﺍﳌﺴــﺎﻭﺍﺓ ﺑﻮﺍﺳــﻄﺔ ﺗﻨﺴــﻴﻖ ﺑــﲔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳــﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﱪﺍﻣﺞ ﻭﺍﳌﻴﺰﺍ�ﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺇﻥ ﺇﺩﻣﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﲡﺪﻳﺪﻳﺔ ﺗﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻱ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﻖ‬

‫ﻣـﻊ ﺍﻹﺻـﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﺎﺭﻳـﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻴﺰﺍ�ﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺘﺄﺛﲑ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﺧﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﺮﻭﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ�ﻌﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻭﺍﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﲥـﺪﻑ ﻣﻴـﺰﺍ�ﻴﺔ ﺍﻟـﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﺟـﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺇﱃ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻮﺛﻴﻖ ﺃﻭﺍﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﳌﺮﺻﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻮﻳﺔ‬

‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺟــﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌــﺮﻏﻮﺏ ﻓﻴﻬــﺎ ﺍﻟــﱵ ﻳــﺘﻢ ﻗﻴﺎﺳــﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺍﺳــﻄﺔ ﻣﺆﺷــﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﳒﺎﺯﻳــﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻤــﻦ ﺍﳌﻔــﺮﻭﺽ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻄـﻲ ﺃﺟﻮﺑــﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ ﻟﺴﻠﺴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻔﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﺍﳊﻜﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺷﻴﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻹ�ﺼﺎﻑ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺎﻭﺍﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺯﺍﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺒﺭﻤﺠﺘﻬﺎ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬

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