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‫)‪24-22‬‬

‫"‬

‫(‬

‫‪2010‬‬

‫"‬

‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ ﺤﻘﻭﻕ‬
‫‪ /‬ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻟﻔﻴﺔ ﻤﻥ‬
‫ﺃ‬

‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬
‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻌﻴﺔ‪/‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‪/‬ﺗﺘﺒﻊ‬
‫ﻭﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ‬

‫ﺃﻭﻟﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺑﺮﳎﺔ‬

‫ﺘﺨﻁﻴﻁ‬
‫ﺍﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻲ‬

‫ﺍﳌﻴﺰﺍﻧﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺸــﻜﻞ ﺃﻋــﻼﻩ ﻳﺬﻛــﺮ ﺑﺮﺳــﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤــﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳــﺔ ﺍﳌــﺘﻤﺤﻮﺭﺓ ﺣــﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻨــﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﰲ ﺇﻃــﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﺑــﺔ ﺗﺼــﺎﻋﺪﻳﺔ ﻣﺒــﻨﻴﺔ ﻋــﻠﻰ‬

‫ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳋﻄﻂ ﻭﺍﳌﻴﺰﺍ�ﻴﺎﺕ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺟﻌﻲ ﻭﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ‬

‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻄﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻨﺒﲏ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻴﲑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻣﻲ )ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﻟﻔﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭﻟﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪.(...‬‬

‫ﻭﺗﺮﺗﻜــﺰ ﻣﺮﺣــﻠﺔ ﺍﻟــﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺣﺴــﺐ ﺍﻟــﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﺟــﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻋــﻠﻰ ﻣﻔﻬــﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴــﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻌــﺎﻡ ﻻﻋﺘــﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘــﻨﻮﻉ ﺿــﻤﻦ ﺃﻭﻟﻮﻳــﺎﺕ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳــﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣــﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﳚــﺐ ﰲ ﻣﺮﺣــﻠﺔ ﺑــﺮﳎﺔ ﺍﳌﻴــﺰﺍ�ﻴﺔ ﺗـﱪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟــﻨﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻣﻴــﺔ ﺍﻟــﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺘــﱪ ﺃﺳــﺎﺱ ﻋﻤــﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟــﺘﺤﻜﻴﻢ ﻓــﻴﻤﺎ ﺑــﲔ‬
‫ﺍﻟـﻮﺯﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺩﺍﺧـﻞ ﺍﻟـﻮﺯﺍﺭﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻓﻬـﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺄﺧﺬ ﺑﻌﲔ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺘﻜﺮﺭ ﺃﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺎﻛﺮﻭﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ‬

‫ﳌﻘﺎﺭﺑـﺔ ﺍﻟـﱪﳎﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺼـﺎﻋﺪﻳﺔ ﲡﻴـﺐ ﻋـﻠﻰ ﺳـﺆﺍﻝ ﺣـﻮﻝ ﻣﺎﻫﻴـﺔ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺯ�ﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ �ﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﻭﻟﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻣﻴـﺔ‪ .‬ﻟﺬﻟـﻚ ﺗﻜـﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺴـﺄﻟﺔ ﻣﺴـﺄﻟﺔ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴـﺔ ﺍﺟـﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻗﺘﺼـﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﻣﺴـﺄﻟﺔ ﺇ�ﺼﺎﻑ )ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻣﻴﺔ( ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﻭﳒﺎﻋﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺑﲑ ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ )ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺯ�ﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ �ﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺭﺩ( ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪.‬‬
‫‪:‬‬

‫–‬

‫ﻳـﻨﺪﺭﺝ ﺇﺩﻣـﺎﺝ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﺑـﺔ ﺍﻟـﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﰲ ﻣﺴﻠﺴﻞ ﲢﻀﲑ ﻭﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﳌﻴﺰﺍ�ﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻨﺠﺰﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ‬

‫ﻋـﺮﻓﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﻐـﺮﺏ ﺧـﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺴـﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺧـﲑﺓ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺟـﻞ ﺗﻌﺰﻳـﺰ ﻣـﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﳌﺴـﺎﻭﺍﺓ ﻭﺍﻹ�ﺼـﺎﻑ‪ .‬ﻭﻗـﺪ ﺗﺪﻋﻤﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺭﺑﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﻃـﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘـﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺸـﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﺭﻛـﺰﺕ ﻋـﻠﻰ ﺗـﺄﻫﻴﻞ ﳐﺘـﻠﻒ ﻓـﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴـﻜﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﱰﺍﺗﻴﺠﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﺃﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻳﺔ ﺑﺒﻠﺪ�ﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻤـﻨﺬ ﺳـﻨﺔ ‪ ،2006‬ﻭﻋـﻠﻰ ﺇﺛـﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﺴـﻞ ﺗﺸـﺎﻭﺭﻱ ﻣـﻊ ﳐﺘـﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺸـﺮﻛﺎﺀ ﺳـﻮﺍﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﺃﻭﺍ‪‬ﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﳌﺪ�ﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ‬

‫ﺍﳌﺴــﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻮﻃــﲏ ﺃﻭ ﺍﶈــﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﲤﻜــﻦ ﺍﳌﻐــﺮﺏ ﻣــﻦ ﻭﺿــﻊ ﺍﻻﺳــﱰﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻃــﻨﻴﺔ ﻟﻺ�ﺼــﺎﻑ ﻭﺍﳌﺴــﺎﻭﺍﺓ ﺑــﲔ ﺍﳉﻨﺴــﲔ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﺎﻋﺘــﺒﺎﺭ‬
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