OFIAN newsletter2 EN .pdf
Nom original: OFIAN_newsletter2 EN.pdfAuteur: Aicha
Ce document au format PDF 1.5 a été généré par Acrobat PDFMaker 10.1 pour Word / Adobe PDF Library 10.0, et a été envoyé sur fichier-pdf.fr le 22/02/2013 à 22:44, depuis l'adresse IP 90.46.x.x.
La présente page de téléchargement du fichier a été vue 1131 fois.
Taille du document: 814 Ko (7 pages).
Confidentialité: fichier public
Aperçu du document
Feb. 2013- March 2013
Focus on :
News & Don’t miss P 7
Feb, the month of love with Valentine’s day. Hearts, blood-red, flowers
& co invade stores, ads, and everything in their path. For a few days,
the world or at least a part of it exudes joy, excitement, and celebrates
love with big gestures and little things…
If we could extend Valentine’s day to non-humans…A Valentine’s day for
the planet…during which regardless of their origin or country, people
would celebrate this earth we live on, this earth we treat so badly
because we take it for granted. A Valentine’s day that would happen
every day because when you love, you don’t wait for a specific day to
make an extra effort, you show your commitment and dedication daily.
Unfortunately there’s no such thing as a Valentine’s day every day,
but…we can decide to adopt the behavior and spirit that go with it every
day with others, and with the planet and its inhabitants… Decide to pay
attention to our planet and contribute to its protection. This can be
done in thousands of different ways, on many levels. By big actions but
also small acts such as turning the lights off in a room that is
unoccupied, at the international/national level but also in every
household, by working on the ground but also in
hearts/minds/brains/spirits because the 1st line of attack is always
information and education. Indeed, we don’t necessary change our
behavior until we understand its consequences; we don’t modify our act
until we know or understand the situation and the impact it can have on
Like B. Dioum says “in the end we will conserve only what we love, we
will love only what we understand, and we will understand only what we
Always with the desire to inform/educate, OFIAN is sharing with you
stories and facts that caught its attention these months. From its
members (with signed articles) to its head members, everyone got into
Have a good reading !
N°2, Feb. 2013-March 2013
Cigarettes and butts, an explosive cocktail for the environment
From the culture of tobacco plants, the toxicity of
its components, to its packaging and the
management of butts/waste, the life cycle of a
cigarette is a nightmare for the environment. In
default of stopping [for the most addicted], here
are some facts that hopefully will make us think,
pay more attention, and maybe have this simple
gesture as to not toss butts on the ground…
• Reduction of agricultural land
- Tobacco plantations = 10,602 sq mi of arable
land (assigning this land to agriculture could help
feed 10-20 million people)
- 30 billions of cigarette butts thrown into the wild
each year in France (4,300 billion in the world)
- 350 millions of cigarettes=315 tons of butts:
picked up in Paris each year
- 1 butt takes up to 12 years to break down
- 1 butt contains hazardous chemicals (e.g.,
arsenic, lead, cadmium used in batteries…) that
leach out into the environment
- Butts pollute water/oceans:
→ butts are carried as runoff to drains, making their
way to rivers/oceans
→ 1st worldwide source of waste on beaches acc. to
the Ocean Conservancy (2 millions picked up in 2010)
→ 40% of marine waste in the Mediterranean Sea =
butts + cigarette packs
→ 1 butt thrown into 500L of water renders it nondrinkable
→ kill thousands of animals per year (reptiles, birds,
fishes…) by ingestion/pollution; e.g., small fishes in 1L
of water containing 1 butt will die in 96 hours
• Cause of deforestation
- Wood: The drying of tobacco leaves requires
trees to be chopped down and burnt (fuel)
→ global warming
→ 494,210 acres of forests and woodlands chopped
each year for this purpose
- Paper: for wrapping, packaging, and advertising
cigarettes → 6 km of paper used per hour for 1
cigarette manufacturing machine
• Cause of fire: 5000 forest fires in France caused
• Tobacco production is related to an important
use of pesticides
- The smoke from 1 cigarette pollutes as much as
10 diesel cars idling during 30 min
• Animals are used in cruel experiments to test
tobacco and related products...Forced to
breathe cigarette smoke for hours straight,
every day, for months, then killed and dissected
Palm oil : STOP
What is it ?
Palm oil is extracted by hot pressing of the pulp of the fruits of the oil palms,
and is the most consumed vegetable oil in the world. Common cooking
ingredients in Africa, South America or Asia, it’s widely used by the industry
and is now preferred over other oils because of its lower cost.
In Indonesia, the equivalent of 6 football fields of primal forest disappears each minute.
We cut down, extract, burn to make space for oil palms. And with the jungle, monkeys, panthers, and
other bears disappear. Animals can’t survive in these palm forests that are too nutrient-poor.
There are only 50,000-60,000 orangutans left in the wild on earth, with 80% found in Indonesia. Gibbons
are threatened even more.
Despite the critics on the environmental impact and on human health, the draft amendment aimed at
increasing the tax on palm oil by 300% in France was rejected.
Indonesia and Malaysia, that hold 80% of the world oil production, lost 42,470 square miles of forest
between 2000 and 2012, an area the size of Denmark according to a study published in the Global
Change Biology journal.
N°2, Feb. 2013-March 2013
To be an eco-citizen, the right things to do
Acc. to WWF, over the past 30 years, humans have used 30% of our planet’s natural resources.
At this rate, by 2030, 2 planets will not be enough to ensure our energy needs. However, there
are simple acts that can be done to reduce our consumption of energy and raw materials. It
depends on us to do them…
At home: Start by sorting your waste. Put a mention on your mailbox to inform that you don’t want
to receive ads, flyers, junk mail. Acc. to Ademe, we recycle 88 lbs of these ads/flyers…per year
which represents - for a city of 100,000 inhabitants an expense of 250,000€ to treat them once
Night: To conserve heat, close the shutters and curtains. For your boiler, choose an automatic
thermostat regulation: this can lower the consumption by 25%. Adding a timer will allow you to
choose the temperature as you wish according to your presence in the house.
To travel: You can’t always take public transportation or ride-shares, but you can have a flexible
driving to avoid gear changes (20% of fuel economy), to anticipate slowdowns, and avoid
unnecessary accelerations. Finally a poorly maintained car and under-inflated tires lead to
excessive fuel consumption.
At work: Turn off the lights and your computer when you leave the office at night, xerox only
what’s necessary, avoid color printing, use recycled paper, use photocopies as scrap paper
When you run errands: Prefer large-format packaging such as a bag of 4 lbs of rice
rather than 4 boxes of 1 lb. Avoid disposable products, e.g., to clean use cloths instead
of wipes! Choose cleaning products with eco-label and return your batteries. Acc. to
Ademe, 1 battery thrown away in the open contaminates 35 ft3 of land and 35,314
ft3 of water (1 million L) for 50 years
All of us can act to consume less energy and raw materials, so let’s all make
an effort because it’s an urgent matter!!
An action that counts double
For every ton of glass recovered, Marseille Provence Métropole (MPM) donates 3€ to the
league against cancer for its research programs or campaigns.
Review 2011: each ton collected from the 1,708 collection points located on the territory of MPM
help to raise 3 € to the league against cancer.
In 2011 it’s 30,000€ that were raised to fund research teams, actions in favor of patients and their
relatives, prevention and information campaigns, promotional screenings. One more reason to take
By putting glass bottles in the collecting points set up by MPM, you have a dual civic-minded
attitude: a gesture environmentally responsible and a direct support for cancer research.
100% recycling: Glass is the only material 100% recyclable over and over. Each bottle put in the
collection point goes to the recycling plant to be crushed and transformed into cullet (broken glass
added to raw materials such as sand or soda, essential to glass production). Melted at 2822°F, the
glass can be revived going back to its former state of a bottle.
One ton of recovered glass produces a ton of new glass. But there’s glass and glass: only bottles,
jam jars, and other jars without lids are welcome. Brocken crockery, glass, mirrors or light bulbs
are banned because of their chemical components.
N°2, Feb. 2013-March 2013
Cannulated cows…what to say…*sigh*
Say hello to cannulated cows...
cows that are surgically fitted
with a cannula which acts like a
porthole-like device and allows
the access to the rumen (part of
the stomach) and analyses/
observation of the animal's
digestion including plants
Aim: These observations are made to determine the
best dietary intake to feed these animals, to
improve the nutritional quality of milk and meat &
their quantity, to control the rumen’s malfunctions
that could affect cattle’s health (e.g., acidosis), to
reduce the emission of methane produced during
digestion & rejected when burping /flatulence
(acc. to a report from the FAO [United Nations Food
and Agriculture Organization], the livestock sector
is responsible for CO2 equivalent-greenhouse gas
emissions that are higher than those produced by
Question: Cannulated cows have existed for
decades. We’re told that this practice is carried out
in ways that respect animals’ welfare since it is
done by qualified and trained staff with surgical
skills, in operating rooms vetted by veterinary
services, under general anesthesia, and they
receive painkillers post-surgery. The techniques
used are subjected to written procedures validated
by ethics committees; animals are monitored
closely…However overall what it feels like is
that those analyses are made for performance
issues, to maximize the production of milk and
meat while reducing the emission of polluting
This practice also raises many questions: just
because these animals are monitored and are
not seen rolling over in pain doesn’t mean that
they don’t suffer. How do we qualify and
perceive animals’ pain or suffering? Is it worse
to put a cannula in a cow or to raise it in
‘battery’, kill and eat it? How far will we go in
using animals for the interest of our species?
This debate is more and more important to
have especially with headway like the
recognition of the existence of animal
consciousness. This recognition was made
around July 7, 2012 in a declaration written by
the world’s leading scientists during the Annual
Conference in memory of Francis Crick at
Cambridge University (UK). So if animals have a
conscious, should they be subjected to all of
this, especially if it’s for their own good acc. to
some? And on to the debate…
Check this video of a cannulated cow
SIGN THE PETITION: http://bit.ly/ZL4op9
Trained animals for the entertainment industry
In the world of animal training, circus animals are not the only one mistreated. Their living
conditions are inadequate with mutilations, and training through fear and violence. We’ll take a
closer look at animals trained for the entertainment industry.
These animals are kept in cages not adapted to their size, without litters or covered in garbage. In
fences, no spaces are available to allow them to behave naturally. Some of them that are locked in
these cages don’t even see the light of day. The food they get is rotten; some animals are abused to
make them less dangerous. Such conditions of detention lead to stereotypical attitudes; animals’
lives are completely altered.
Despite the message «no animals were harmed during the filming… » displayed in some movies, the
audience is moved by on screen scenes of alleged complicity between a human being and an animal,
wild beast, wolf or another. It turns out that it’s an illusion; behind the scenes, the animal had to
pay a high price enduring physical as well as mental abuse.
Yup, there’s not necessary a real love for animals behind every movie as it might seem, so think
about this the next time you’ll go the cinema ;)
N°2, Feb. 2013-March 2013
When we say Mustang, we all imagine the same
thing. The large American landscape with horses. If
we close our eyes, we can see cowboys and Indians
chasing each other. Galloping horses fleeing to a
However the reality is quite different. There are
13,000 mustangs left. And this number tends to
decrease. After the slaughters at the beginning of
the century, a law to protect them was
implemented but is no longer respected today.
Some political figures want to reduce the
These horses are an annoyance to ranches; they
are captured to be put into reserves. This has a
cost, around 1,000 euros per head. Therefore the
US Bureau of Land Management set up a system of
slaughterhouses. And that was when they were
going through the adoption system instead of
directly capturing the horses in the wild, leaving
those that were lucky enough to flee alive
This situation needing to be fixed, political
battles have begun, with on one side supporters
of horse management through “Round Up” (use
of planes and helicopters to run horses off the
range and into holding pens), and on the other
side associations that are trying to appoint
someone more inclined to protect “those actors
of the American West’s history”
Today these associations from all around the
world are fighting to: find lands, adopt horses,
and raise money…Gone are the endless spaces
but that’s the price to pay to keep them alive.
Issue: Some people who wanted to earn money did
adopt many horses but to sell them to
Being lucky enough to meet penguins: a member’s diary
Being lucky enough to meet those animals in reality was an extraordinary shock! We
usually see them on tv but this time the feeling was really stronger. At the Falkland,
the islands we were staying at, we first approached gentoo penguins. We were surprised
because they’re so small. But so adorable… making us want to bring one back home.
Especially since they don’t fear Men. They were not hesitant to approach us.
Penguins’ behavior is surprising. They live in groups, with real neighborhood rules.
Everyone has its own space and others have to respect it. Males and Females take turns
to hatch their eggs, while the other parent is at sea to find food. It’s a truly magical scene. We
quickly understood why we were here.
However after the excitement, we had to hear about the harsh reality of this fragile biodiversity.
There are 5 species of penguins at the Falkland, and three of them are now threatened. Climate
change, pollution, human activities…The causes are so numerous unfortunately. As for albatrosses, a
few years ago one was dying every 20 seconds!! These birds have been the victims of longline fishing,
a technique that consists in stretching long lines with hooks. Albatrosses, attracted by fishes, are
trapped with no chance to escape.
We also realized that we, as teens from a country halfway around the world, could act to preserve
the world’s oceans. Indeed, on our way we picked up garbage on the beach. Imagine… Plastic bottles
on the shores of an island inhabited by only a few dozen people! Maud Fontenoy told us that 80% of
marine pollution comes from lands. You just have to throw away a waste outside of a bin for it to
land in rivers with the rain and wind and end up in the ocean where it will drift with ocean currents.
Each year 100,000 cetaceans and a million birds such as albatrosses die from waste. It’s up to us to
sort our waste and throw them in bins to curb this phenomenon. It’s as simple as that.
N°2, Feb. 2013-March 2013
The Vet’s waiting room
Today, Miss V.Eto calls the clinic at 10am totally panicked, her « Louna », a pregnant French Bulldog,
has been running in circles for an hour and can’t stop whimpering. « The labor must have begun! » we
You should know that these dog breeds [French Bulldog] called brachycephalic (flat-nosed
with bulging eyes, e.g., bulldogs, Cavalier King Charles spaniels), this one particularly,
require C-section for delivery 90% of the time. Indeed puppies are born with a prominent
head making the delivery very difficult.
Upon arrival, Louna is put on the exam table; we check her heart, vital signs, we place
an intravenous drip and direction the OR for a gas anesthesia (for these dog breeds that
have reverse soft palates, a gas anesthesia is much safer and can allow faster reactions).
The dog is anaesthetized and intubated with an endotracheal tube.
The operation is long: more than 1:30 hour. There are 4 puppies and the assistant vet
cuts the cord, cleans them [placenta out], and most of all warms them up as soon as
they’re outside the womb. She makes sure that they take their first breath and reacts
quickly if it’s not the case.
The awakening is very fast: 30 minutes are enough for the dog to get all its mental
alertness back thanks to the gas anesthesia. Everybody’s put in a safe cage under
red light. Introductions between mom and puppies will be gentle, and
it will be necessary to ensure that they take the colostrum. The entire
family will be able to go back home the following day after a night under surveillance.
Our animals and the winter cold. How to protect them?
At the heart of winter, when the cold, snow, and ice make ‘us’ want to put more clothes on, what
about our furry pets? They also need extra protection against the rigors of winter. Here is a list of
10 tips that you can apply to protect them from the cold.
1. Keep your pets inside as much as possible. Young or old animals and those short-haired are more
vulnerable to the effect of cold than others and shouldn’t stay outside without supervision.
2. Don’t leave your dog outside during a snowstorm. His keen sense of smell weakens due to snow
and he can easily lose it.
3. Make a shelter for your animal if it must stay outdoors. Use straw to isolate its house, make a
comfortable and hot bed that is raised off the ground.
4. Give him more water and food if he has to remain outside during a long time. Use plastic bowls
because cold weather can make glass or porcelain break.
5. Meticulously wipe off your pet’s paws as soon as he gets back in. Chemical products
and salt [used to melt ice] can irritate the pads between his claws and cause burns.
6. Cut the long hair under the dog’s paw. This prevents ice balls’
formation, that are painful and difficult to remove.
7. Cut your pet’s claws regularly. It will be difficult for him to keep his
balance if his claws are too big.
8. Antifreeze is toxic. Carefully wipe up any antifreeze spills, and store all the households’
chemicals out of reach. Use products containing propylene glycol instead of ethylene glycol.
9. Make sure that your pet is warm at night. All pets, including the small ones in cages, should be
kept warm and in a place draught-free to sleep
10. Drivers must honk or kick on their car’s side and hood before starting it to scare away the cats
that wanted to enjoy the heat of the engine.
N°2, Feb. 2013-March 2013
News & Don’t miss
News : Green Vampire Convention
News : ISF
- Huge victory for ISF that won the
Mozilla Firefox challenge and
obtained $50,000!!! Thanks and
congrats to all those who
participated by donating, spreading
the word, cheering, motivating
- Another possibility to help ISF win
at least $32,000 is to vote daily for
Ian (representing ISF) in the
Celebrity Charity Challenge here >>
ISF is 1st for the moment and has to
stay this way til the end of feb. in
order to win
Green Vamp Con ?? What is it ?
A TVD convention with a « green » background, in
partnership with ISF and others (HeNS..). 3 entire
* entertainment with the actors of the show (Q&A,
photoshoots/autographs sessions, meetings, dinner,
party, and other activities), TVD groups
* information/education with oral interventions of
different organizations (ISF rep by Kim Klingler,
executive director, and Ian Somerhalder ; Sea
Shepherd; HeNS…), their booths…; fundraiser for ISF
(50% of all the convention’s benefits will be donated
When and where ?
May 2-4, 2014 in Mandelieu La Napoule (South of
France, near Cannes [city of the movie festival])
News : TIBA, OFIAN’s new partner
- TIBA is a dynamic group composed of
members from existing ISF teams,
supporters, and non ISF, united to show that
it’s possible to work together even without
living in the same country
- Has several projects u can contribute to!
* an ongoing lexicon of endangered animals
(according to the IUCN list) with the aim to
make an e-book that will be publish to
benefit ISF. Ian got the 1st copy of it.
* a fundraiser for ISF coupled with an art
project unveiled during the Green Vamp Con
(creation of a « poster » in a mosaic way
with the faces of every participants of the
fundraiser. The faces seen far away will
represent an animal), And others…
Don’t hesitate, this is TIBA’s website
(http://tiba-earth.com/) go take a look
Ian, Michael Trevino, Steven R.McQueen & Kat
Where can I buy a pass ?
Section Ticket store > Pass (uk flag on the upper right
corner of the page for english version)
Are there any promos, offers ?
- 1 offer available during several months >> option
to pay every pass in 2 or 3 instalments after a
booking of 50€ (Ex in 3 instalments: 1 bloody pass
will cost you 50€ + 116.33€ x 3 [4 payments in 4
consecutive months]; 1 moonstone = 50€ + 35€ x 3
[in 4 months]// Ex in 2 instalments: 1 Transition=
50€ + 120€ x 2 [in 3 consecutive months])
- the 1st 50 Bloody pass bought in 1 instalment get a
group picture (u can pose with a friend on it)
- discounts on transportation (train, plane)
- offers for the dinner (news section of the website)
- discounts on accommodations coming later…
And more to come
Take part !
Earth hour 2013, everywhere in the world:
March 23, 8:30pm, switch your light off for 1
BAN in France: night-time lighting of non
residential buildings by July 1st, 2013 >> saving
of the equivalent of 750,000 households’ annual
International forum on Weather and climate,
Parvis de l’Hotel de Ville (Paris 4): march 28 –
BAN in Ile de France : use of open-hearth
fireplaces by 2015
N°2, Feb. 2013-March 2013