كنوز الصلاة .pdf



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‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٥‬‬

‫ﺷﻜﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜﺮ ﷲ ﺃﻭ ﹰﻻ ﻭﺃﺧﲑًﺍ ﻟﻔﻀﻠﻪ ﻭﺍﻣﺘﻨﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺎﻫﻢ ﻣﻌﻲ‬
‫ﺑﻔﻜﺮﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺩﻋﻤﲏ ﲟﻮﻋﻈﺔ ﻭﺳﺪﺩﱐ ﺑﺘﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﺧﺺ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻜﺮ ﻓﻀﻴﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ‪ /‬ﻋﺎﺩﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺯﻗﻲ ﻹﺷﺮﺍﻓﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻭﲣﺮﻳﺞ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪.‬‬

‫***‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٦‬‬

‫ﺗﻘﺪﱘ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﻋﻤﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪َ  :‬ﻭﹶﺃﻗِﻴﻤُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﱠﻠﹶﺎ ﹶﺓ َﻭﻟﹶﺎ‬
‫ﺸ ﹺﺮ ِﻛ َ‬
‫َﺗﻜﹸﻮﻧُﻮﺍ ِﻣ َﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُ ْ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺃﲪـﺪ )‪ (٣٤٦/٥‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣـﺬﻱ‬
‫)‪ (٢٦٢١‬ﻭﻏﲑﳘﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺣﺴﲔ ﺑﻦ ﻭﺍﻗﺪ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺮﻳﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪» :‬ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ ﺑﻴﻨﻨـﺎ ﻭﺑﻴﻨـﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺗﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﻔﺮ« ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣـﺬﻱ ﺣﺴـﻦ‬
‫ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﺎﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﳛﻔﻆ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻮﻃﺄ‬
‫)‪ (٥/١‬ﻋﻦ ﻧﺎﻓﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ‪» :‬ﺇﻥ ﺃﻫـﻢ‬
‫ﺃﻣﺮﻛﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺣﻔﻈﻬﺎ ﻭﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﻭﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺿﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﻬﻮ ﳌﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﻫﺎ ﺃﺿﻴﻊ‪.«...‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻨﻘﺾ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺮﻯ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻛﻤـﺎ ﺃﺧـﺮﺝ ﺃﲪـﺪ‬
‫)‪ (٢١٥/٥‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻄﱪﺍﱐ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ )‪ (٧٤٨٦‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺑﻄـﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ ‪ ٤‬ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺪﺭﻙ )‪ (٩٢/٤‬ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ‬
‫ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻧﺼﺮ ﰲ ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ )‪ (٤٠٧‬ﻭﺍﺑـﻦ ﺣﺒـﺎﻥ‬
‫)‪ (٢٥٧‬ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ ﺑﻦ ﺇﲰﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﻴﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪» :‬ﺗﻨﻘﺾ ﻋـﺮﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻋﺮﻭﺓ ﻋﺮﻭﺓ ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﻀﺖ ﻋﺮﻭﺓ ﺗﺸﺒﺚ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺑـﺎﻟﱵ‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٧‬‬

‫ﺗﺎﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﺄﻭﳍﻦ ﻧﻘﻀًﺎ ﺍﳊﻜﻢ ﻭﺁﺧﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ« ﻭﻫﻮ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴـﻦ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺪﻝ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺗﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﲨﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺗﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻧﺼﺮ )‪ (٨٩٢‬ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻗـﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺼـﻼﺓ‬
‫)‪ (٨٩٢‬ﻭﺍﳋﻼﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ )‪ (١٣٧٩‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺑﻄﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺑﺎﻧـﺔ )‪(٨٧٦‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻼﻟﻜﺎﺋﻲ ﰲ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺃﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ )‪ (١٥٣٨‬ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺛﻨﺎ ﺃﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺻﺎﱀ ﻋﻦ ﳎﺎﻫﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺑـﻦ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﻠﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻔﺮﻕ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﺪﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺇﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺣﺴﻦ‬
‫ﻻ ﺑﺄﺱ ﺑﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻋﻨﺪﻛﻢ ﺃﻱ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺼـﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬
‫ﰲ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻧﺼـﺮ ﰲ ﺗﻌﻈـﻴﻢ ﻗـﺪﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ )‪ (٩٤٧‬ﺛﻨﺎ ﳛﲕ ﺑﻦ ﳛﲕ ﺍﻧﺎ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺧﻴﺜﻤﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﲑ ﻗـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﲰﻌﺖ ﺟﺎﺑﺮًﺍ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻭﺳﺄﻟﻪ ﺭﺟﻞ‪ :‬ﺃﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﺐ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻜﻢ ﺷﺮﻛﹰﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻻ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﻭﺳﺌﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺗﺮﻙ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺇﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ‬
‫ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﺃﻱ ﻋﻨﺪﻛﻢ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﰲ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻞ‪ :‬ﺃﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺗﻌـﺪﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻧﺐ ﻓﻴﻜﻢ ﺷﺮﻛﹰﺎ ﻓﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﻓﻴﻜﻢ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﻳﺆﻳﺪ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﻳـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻭﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﻟﻜﺎﺋﻲ )‪ (١٥٧٣‬ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺃﺳﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ‬
‫ﺛﻨﺎ ﺯﻫﲑ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﲑ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﻭﺳﺄﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﻫﻞ ﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟـﺬﻧﺐ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻜﻢ ﻛﻔﺮًﺍ ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻻ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﺇﻻ ﺗـﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺼـﻼﺓ ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﺆﻳﺪﻩ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﳋﻼﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ )‪ (١٣٧٢‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺑﻄﺔ‬

‫‪٨‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫)‪ (٨٧٧‬ﰲ ﺍﻹﺑﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻼﻟﻜﺎﺋﻲ )‪ (١٥٣٩‬ﰲ ﺍﻋﺘﻘـﺎﺩ ﺃﻫـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺃﲪﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺣﻨﺒﻞ ﺛﻨﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﻮﻑ‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﻠﻐﲏ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ‪ :‬ﺑﲔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﺮﻙ ﻓﻴﻜﻔﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﻉ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﻋﺬﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺇﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﻱ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠـﻮﻡ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﲰﻊ ﻭﺃﺩﺭﻙ ﲨﻌًﺎ ﻛﺒﲑًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﺆﻳﺪ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺷﻴﺒﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺹ‪ ٤٦‬ﺛﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ )‪ (٢٦٢٢‬ﰲ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﻧﺼﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼـﻼﺓ‬
‫)‪ (٩٤٨‬ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﻔﻀﻞ ﻛﻼﳘﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﺮﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺷـﻘﻴﻖ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﻠﻲ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﳏﻤﺪ ‪ ‬ﻻ ﻳﺮﻭﻥ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺮﻛﻪ ﻛﻔﺮﺍ ﻏﲑ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺇﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻭﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﲰﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﺮﻱ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻐﲑ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻠﻲ ﺗـﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﺕ ﺹ‪ :١٨١‬ﻭﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﻬﻢ ﲰﺎﻋًﺎ‪ ،‬ﲰﻊ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﳜﺘﻠﻂ ﺑﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺳﻨﲔ‪ .‬ﺍﻫـ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﻔﻀﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﺮﻱ ﻓﻬﻲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼـﺤﻴﺤﲔ‬
‫ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ ﰲ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﺹ‪ ٤٥‬ﲰـﻊ ﻣﻨـﻪ ﻗﺒـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻁ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ )‪ (٧/١‬ﺃﺧﱪﻧﺎ ﺃﲪﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻬﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ﺛﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻗﻴﺲ ﺑﻦ ﺃﻧﻴﻒ ﺛﻨﺎ ﻗﺘﻴﺒﺔ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺛﻨﺎ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ‬
‫ﺷﻘﻴﻖ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ‪ ...‬ﺃﻫـ‪ .‬ﻭﻫـﺬﺍ ﺧﻄـﺄ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻮﺍﺏ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻋﻦ ﻗﺘﻴﺒـﺔ ﻛـﺬﻟﻚ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺧﺎﻟﻔﻪ‪ .‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﺧـﺮﻯ‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٩‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﱂ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﺑﺎ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﳋﻼﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ‪ ١٣٧٨‬ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﺛﻨﺎ ﺍﳉﺮﻳﺮ‬
‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﻟﻔﻈﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﻨﺎ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﻴﻞ ﺗﺮﻛﻪ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻧﺼﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ‪٩٨‬ﺕ ﺛﻨﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﳛﲕ ﺛﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﺛﻨﺎ ﲪﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺯﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻳﻮﺏ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻛﻔـﺮ ﻻ‬
‫ﳜﺘﻠﻒ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻧﺼﺮ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ‪ ٩٩٠‬ﲰﻌﺖ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺪ ﺻﺢ ﻋـﻦ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻤﺪًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﻋﺬﺭ ﺣـﱴ ﻳـﺬﻫﺐ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ‪ .‬ﺍﻫـ‪ .‬ﻗﻠﺖ‪ :‬ﻟﻌﻞ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻮﻳـﻪ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺘـﺪ‬
‫ﺑﺒﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺎﻟﻒ ﳑﻦ ﺃﺗﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻗـﺎﻝ ﺗﻠﻤﻴـﺬﻩ‬
‫ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻧﺼﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺹ‪ :٩٢٥‬ﰒ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺮﻭﻳﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ‬
‫‪ ‬ﰲ ﺇﻛﻔﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻛﻬﺎ ﻭﺇﺧﺮﺍﺟﻪ ﺇﻳﺎﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻠﺔ ﻭﺇﺑﺎﺣﺔ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻣﺘﻨـﻊ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺘﻬﺎ ﰒ ﺟﺎﺀﻧﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ – ﻣﺜﻞ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬
‫ﻭﱂ ﳚﺌﻨﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﻼﻑ ﺫﻟﻚ ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﺍﺧﺘﻠﻒ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﻌـﺪ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺗﺄﻭﻳﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﰒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ – ﺭﺿـﻲ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻬﻢ – ﰲ ﺇﻛﻔﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻛﻬﺎ ﻭﺇﳚﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻣﺘﻨﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻫـ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﻠﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ‪،‬ﻭﺍﺑـﻦ ﻧﺼـﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼـﻼﺓ‬
‫‪،‬ﻭﺍﳋﻼﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳋﻼﻝ‪ ،‬ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻵﺟﺮﻱ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺑﻄﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺑﺎﻧﺔ ﻋﻦ ﲨﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﺗﻜﻔﲑ ﺗﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺃﻓﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﺑًﺎ ﰲ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺗﺎﺭﻛﻬﺎ ﻭﺳﺎﻕ ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١٠‬‬

‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺍﻷﺥ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺘﻴﱯ ﻛﺘﺎﺑًﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﲰـﺎﻩ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﺑﲔ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﳘﻴﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻧﺘـﻬﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﲢﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻭﻓﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﻬﺑﺎ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻮﺭ ﻓﺠﺰﺍﻩ ﺍﷲ ﺧﲑًﺍ ﻭﻭﻓﻘﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺒﻪ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺪ‬

‫***‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١١‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﺍﳉﺒﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﻬﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻨـﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳـﺰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﻔﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪًﺍ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺃﻧﻌﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﲟﻌـﺮﺍﺝ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻟﻴﺘﻠﻘﻰ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺒﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺗﺮﰊ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﻭﻬﺗﺬﺏ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻨﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﲟﺎ ﺗﻐﺮﺱ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺟﻼﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻋﻈﻤﺘﻪ ‪،‬ﻭﺗﺴﻌﺪ ﺍﳌﺮﺀ ﻭﲡﻤﻠﻪ ﲟﻜﺎﺭﻡ ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺳُﻨﺔ ﻣﻄﺮﺩﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺎﻗﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻓﻬـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟـﻨﱯ‬
‫ﺇﲰﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻨﻪ‪َ  :‬ﻭﻛﹶـﺎ ﹶﻥ ﻳَـ ﹾﺄ ُﻣ ُﺮ ﹶﺃ ْﻫﻠﹶـ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺼﱠﻠﹶﺎ ِﺓ‪] ‬ﻣﺮﱘ‪ [٥٥ :‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﻋﻴﺴـﻰ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺍﻟﺴـﻼﻡ‪:‬‬
‫ﺖ َﺣﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪] ‬ﻣﺮﱘ‪.[٣١ :‬‬
‫‪َ ‬ﻭﹶﺃ ْﻭﺻَﺎﻧﹺﻲ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺼﱠﻠﹶﺎ ِﺓ ﻭَﺍﻟﺰﱠﻛﹶﺎ ِﺓ ﻣَﺎ ُﺩ ْﻣ ُ‬
‫ﻭﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻳﻮﻣﻲ ﻓﻴﺘﺰﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺧﻼﳍﺎ ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺭﻭﺣﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺸﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻠﻴﻒ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻣﻠﻴﺌﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺜﻮﺭﺓ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﻋﻴﻨﻨـﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻦ‬
‫ﻫﻴﻬﺎﺕ ؛ ﻳﺮﻯ ﻣﻦ ﰲ ﻧﺎﻇﺮﻳﻪ ﻋﻤﻰ‪ .‬ﺇﻥ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﻛﻨﻮﺯًﺍ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺒﻌﺪ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﷲ ﰒ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺰﳝﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺧﻼﺹ ﳝﻜﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﳌﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ ﻫﻮ ﻛﻨﺰ )ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ( ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬
‫ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻭﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﺒﻜﲑ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ‪ ...‬ﺇﱁ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١٢‬‬

‫ﻭﺛﺎﱐ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﳌﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻛﺘﺴﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﻮﺹ ﰲ ﺃﻋﻤـﺎﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻬﺑﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺧﺸﻮﻉ ﻭﺍﻃﻤﺌﻨﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺛﺎﻟﺚ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﻴﻨﺔ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻏﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﺫﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺃﺩﺍ ًﺀ ﻟﻠﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺗﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺘﻈـﺎﺭ ﺑﻌـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ‪ ...‬ﺇﱁ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﲑًﺍ ﺃﺳﺄﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﱄ ﺍﻟﺰﻟﻞ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺼﲑ ﻭﺃﻥ ﳚﻌﻞ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺩﻋﻮ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻜﺮﻡ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﺄﻥ ﳚﻌﻠﲏ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﻬﺪ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺍﺿﻊ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺫﻭﻱ ﺍﻷﺟﺮﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﺃﺟﺮ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺃﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺍﺏ ﻭﺁﺧﺮ ﺩﻋﻮﺍﻧـﺎ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻗﺪ ﲣﻔﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻫـﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﻠﻴﺌﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺟﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺏ ﻭﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜـﻦ ﺃﰉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﺮﻓﻨﺎ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻳﺒﻌﺪﻧﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺭﺅﻳﺘﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺻﺤﻮﻧﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺳﺒﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﺃﻗﻨﻌﻨﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻟﻴﺤﺮﻣﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻜﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺟﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﳔﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﻟﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﺷﻲﺀ – ﻧﺴﺄﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻓﻴﺔ – ﻟﺬﺍ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺮﻓـﻊ ﺭﺍﻳـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ ﺧﻔﺎﻗﺔ ﻭﻧﻌﻠﻦ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﻭﺍﳍﻮﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺣﻴﺜﻤـﺎ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﺪﺟﺠﲔ ﺑﺴﻼﺡ )ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑـﺎﷲ( ﻭ )ﺍﻹﺧـﻼﺹ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘـﻮﻝ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ( ﻭﻣﺘﺤﺼﻨﲔ ﲝﺼﻮﻥ )ﺍﻟﺼﱪ ﻭﺍﻷﺫﻛﺎﺭ( ﻣﺘﻤﺴﻜﲔ ﺑـﺪﺭﻭﻉ‬
‫)ﺍﳋﺸﻮﻉ( ﻟﻨﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻼﺗﻨﺎ ﻭﻣﺎ ﲢﻮﻳﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻓﺮﻃﻨـﺎ‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١٣‬‬

‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺳﺎﻟﻒ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻨﻬﺾ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﻣﻨﺎ ﻭﻏﻔﻠﺘﻨﺎ ﻭﻧﻠﺤﻖ ﺑﺮﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‬
‫ﻭﻧﺮﻓﻊ ﺭﺻﻴﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻏﻔﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻟﻨـﺪﺧﻞ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﺑﺮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﻛﻨﻮﺯًﺍ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ )ﻗﺒـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ( ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻛﺘﺴﺎﺑﻪ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻏﺘﻨﺎﻣـﻪ‬
‫)ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺩﻋﻮﻧﺎ ﻧﺒﺪﺃ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺍﳌﻔﻘﻮﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬
‫ﻼ ﻋﱪ ﺳﻔﻴﻨﺔ )ﺍﻹﺧﻼﺹ ﻭﺍﳍﻤﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﻮ ﹰﻻ ﻭﻋﻤ ﹰ‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ )ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ( ]ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ[‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ )ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ( ]ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ[‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٣‬ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ )ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ( ]ﺍﻷﺫﻛـﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻌـﺎﻝ ﺑﻌـﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ[‪.‬‬

‫***‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١٤‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ‬
‫ﳝﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﳓﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﲔ ﻗﺒـﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻧـﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻬﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﻨﻮﻳـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﳕﺘﻠﻚ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﱄ – ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ – ﻭﺇﻟـﻴﻜﻢ‬
‫ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻣﺘﻼﻙ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ‪:‬‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺧﻄـﻮﺍﺕ ﻛﺴـﺐ ﺍﳊﺴـﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻀﺎﻋﻔﺔ ﺍﻷﺟﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻜﺴﺐ ﺍﻷﺟﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫)ﺃ( ﳏﺒﺔ ﺍﷲ‪:‬‬
‫ﲔ َﻭُﻳﺤِـﺐﱡ ﺍﹾﻟﻤَُﺘ ﹶﻄﻬﱢـﺮﹺﻳ َﻦ‪‬‬
‫ﺤﺐﱡ ﺍﻟﺘﱠﻮﱠﺍﹺﺑ َ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﹺﺇﻥﱠ ﺍﻟﻠﱠ َﻪ ُﻳ ِ‬

‫]ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ‪ [٢٢٢ :‬ﻓﺄﻱ ﺃﺟﺮ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﳛﺒﻨﺎ ﺍﷲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺪﻱ ﰲ ﺗﻔﺴﲑﻩ )‪ (١‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﳌﺘﻄﻬﺮﻳﻦ ﰲ‬
‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺃﻱ ﺍﳌﺘﻨﺰﻫﲔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﻡ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻬﺮ ﺍﳊﺴﻲ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﳒﺎﺱ ﻭﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ‪ ،‬ﻓﻔﻴﻪ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻬﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﹰﺎ ﻷﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ‬
‫ﳛﺐ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻒ ﻬﺑﺎ ﻭﳍﺬﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻄﻬﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﹰﺎ ﺷﺮﻃﹰﺎ ﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺼـﻼﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﻑ ﻭﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﻣﺲ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﻒ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺗﻴﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﰲ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻥ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١٥‬‬

‫)ﺏ( ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﻮﺿﺄ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻓﻐﺴﻞ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻛﻞ ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻊ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻏﺴﻞ ﻳﺪﻳـﻪ‬
‫ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﻛﻞ ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺔ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﻄﺸﺘﻬﺎ ﻳﺪﺍﻩ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻊ ﺁﺧﺮ‬
‫ﻗﻄﺮ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻏﺴﻞ ﺭﺟﻠﻴﻪ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺔ ﻣﺸﺘﻬﺎ ﺭﺟﻼﻩ ﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﺣﱴ ﳜﺮﺝ ﻧﻘﻴًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻔﺎﻥ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
‫‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻮﺿﺄ ﻓﺄﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﺧﻄﺎﻳﺎﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺴﺪﻩ ﺣﱴ‬
‫ﲣﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﲢﺖ ﺃﻇﻔﺎﺭﻩ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫)ﺝ( ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﰲ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﲰﻌﺖ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪» :‬ﺇﻥ ﺃﻣﱵ ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﻏ ًﺮﺍ ﳏﺠﻠﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻉ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻴﻞ ﻏﺮﺗﻪ ﻓﻠﻴﻔﻌﻞ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺮﺓ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﺽ ﰲ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺠﻴﻞ ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﺎﺽ ﰲ ﻗﻮﺍﺋﻤﻪ ﳑﺎ ﻳﻜﺴﺒﻪ ﺣﺴﻨًﺎ ﻭﲨﺎ ﹰﻻ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺸﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﰲ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺳﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١٦‬‬

‫ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺠﻴﻞ‪.‬‬
‫)ﺩ( ﳏﻮ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪:‬‬
‫»ﺃﻻ ﺃﺩﻟﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﳝﺤﻮ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻭﻳﺮﻓﻊ ﺑـﻪ ﺍﻟـﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﺑﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﺳﺒﺎﻍ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺜﺮ‬
‫ﺍﳋﻄﻰ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﺬﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻁ‬
‫ﻓﻠﺬﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻁ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﳌﻜﺎﺭﻩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﱪﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻜﺴﻞ ﺻـﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﻋـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺮﻛﺔ ﻭﳓﻮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺸﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺴـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺿـﻮﺀ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﳌﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻇﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻌًـﺎ ﻬﺑـﺎ‬
‫ﻏﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﺫﻧﻮﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺗﻪ ﻭﺩﺧﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺷـﺒﻬﻪ ﺍﻟـﻨﱯ ‪‬‬
‫ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻫﻮ ﰲ ﳓﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺑﺮﺑﺎﻃﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻔﺮﺍﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﺇﳕﺎ ﲰﻴﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺭﺑﺎﻃﹰﺎ‪ ،‬ﻷﻬﻧﺎ ﺭﺑﻂ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻱ ﺗﻜﻔﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺻﻲ ﻭﺍﳌﺂﰒ ﻭﺍﷲ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ )‪.(٢‬‬
‫)ﻫـ( ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ ﻭﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﺿﺄ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺗﻮﺿﺄ ﳓﻮ ﻭﺿﻮﺋﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻮﺿـﺄ ﻭﺿـﻮﺋﻲ ﰒ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺍﳌﺘﺠﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﺢ ﰲ ﺛﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﺃﰊ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺷﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻣﻴﺎﻃﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١٧‬‬

‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺭﻛﻌﺘﲔ ﻻ ﻳُﺤﺪّﺙ ﻓﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻏﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻧﺒﻪ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻋﻘﺒﺔ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
‫‪» :‬ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻳﺘﻮﺿﺄ ﻓﻴﺤﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻭﻳﺼﻠﻲ ﺭﻛﻌﺘﲔ ﻳُﻘﺒـﻞ‬
‫ﺑﻘﻠﺒﻪ ﻭﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﺇﻻ ﻭﺟﺒﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻛﺒﲑ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﺎ ﺯﻟﻨﺎ ﻧﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺟﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺃﺫﻛـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺮﺑﺢ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﱄ‪:‬‬
‫)ﺃ( ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻱ ﺃﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫»ﻣﺎ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻳﺘﻮﺿﺄ ﻓﻴﺴﺒﻎ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﰒ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺷـﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪًﺍ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺃﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺷﺎﺀ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫)ﺏ( ﺗُﻜﺘﺐ ﰲ ﺭﻕ ﰒ ﲡﻌﻞ ﰲ ﻃﺎﺑﻊ ﻻ ﻳﻜﺴﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﳋﺪﺭﻱ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
‫‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻮﺿﺄ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﻭﲝﻤﺪﻙ ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﺖ ﺃﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮﻙ ﻭﺃﺗﻮﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻛﺘﺐ ﰲ ﺭﻕ ﰒ ﺟﻌﻞ ﰲ ﻃـﺎﺑﻊ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١٨‬‬

‫ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻜﺴﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﻙ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﺯﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻠﲔ ﺍﻛﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﺗﻠﻮ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﺎ ﳓـﻦ‬
‫ﰲ ﳏﻄﺔ )ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﻙ( ﻭﺇﻟﻴﻜﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪:‬‬
‫* ﻣﻄﻬﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻔﻢ ﻣﺮﺿﺎﺓ ﻟﻠﺮﺏ ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ –‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﻙ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻔﻢ ﻣﺮﺿﺎﺓ ﻟﻠﺮﺏ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -٤‬ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻜﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﺘﺒﻜﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻛﺒﲑ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪» :‬ﻟﻮ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺪﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﰒ ﱂ ﳚـﺪﻭﺍ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴـﺘﻬﻤﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻻﺳﺘﻬﻤﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻮ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘـﻬﺠﲑ – ﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﺘـﺒﻜﲑ –‬
‫ﻻﺳﺘﺒﻘﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﺘﺒﻜﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﻣﺰﻳ ﹲﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻭﻓﻀ ﹲﻞ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺎﺭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺄﻣـﻞ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﻋﻦ ﺃﻭﺱ ﺑﻦ ﺃﻭﺱ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﻏﺴّﻞ ﻭﺍﻏﺘﺴﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﻭﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﺍﺑﺘﻜﺮ ﻭﺩﻧﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻓﺄﻧﺼﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﳜﻄﻮﻫﺎ ﺻﻴﺎﻡ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﻗﻴﺎﻣﻬﺎ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻨﺬﺭﻱ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻫﻴﺐ )‪ :(١٧٢/١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﱪﺍﱐ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻭﺳﻂ ﻭﺭﻭﺍﺗﻪ‬
‫ﺭﻭﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻔﻆ ﻟﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺁﺧﺮﻩ‪» :‬ﺧﺘﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﲞﺎﰎ ﻓﻮﺿﻌﺖ‬
‫ﲢﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻓﻠﻢ ﺗﻜﺴﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ« ﻭﺻﻮﺏ ﻭﻗﻔﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻫـ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺧﺰﳝﺔ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻭﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻌﻠﻘﹰﺎ ﳎﺰﻭﻣًﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﱪﺍﱐ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪١٩‬‬

‫ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻳﺴﲑ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻛﻞ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﺗﻌﺪﻝ ﺻﻴﺎﻡ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﻗﻴﺎﻣﻬـﺎ؟! ﺃﻱ ﻓﻀـﻞ‬
‫ﺃﻛﱪ ﻭﺃﻱ ﺃﺟﺮ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻜﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺗﻌﻠـﻖ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﺠﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪» :‬ﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﻳﻈﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻇﻠﻪ‬
‫ﻳﻮﻡ ﻻ ﻇﻞ ﺇﻻ ﻇﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﻭﺭﺟﻞ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﳌﺴـﺠﺪ ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -٥‬ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﺯﻟﻨﺎ ﻧﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻴﺴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﻴﻨﺔ ﻭﺳـﻂ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻊ ﺛﻮﺍﺏ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺧﱪﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ‪ ‬ﺑﺄﻥ ﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗـﺄﻣﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻌـﻲ ﻫـﺬﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺜﲔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
‫‪» :‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺆﺫﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺃﻛﱪ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟـﻪ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪًﺍ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳏﻤـﺪًﺍ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺣﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻻ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻭﻻ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﺑﺎﷲ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺧﺰﳝﺔ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢٠‬‬

‫ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺎﻡ ﺑﻼﻝ ﻳﻨﺎﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺳﻜﺖ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻘﻴﻨًﺎ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -٦‬ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﺛﻮﺍﺏ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻳﻐﻔﻞ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻧﻠﺨﺼﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫)ﺃ( ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ‪:‬‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﺳﻌﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻭﻗﺎﺹ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻋﻦ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺣﲔ ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﺍﳌﺆﺫﻥ‪ :‬ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪﺍ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ‪،‬‬
‫ﺭﺿﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺭﺑﺎ ﻭﺑﺎﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺩﻳﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪًﺍ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺿﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﷲ ﺭﺑًﺎ ﻭﺑﺎﻹﺳـﻼﻡ‬
‫ﺩﻳﻨًﺎ ﻭﲟﺤﻤﺪ ‪ ‬ﺭﺳﻮﻻﹰ‪ ،‬ﻏﻔﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻪ ﺫﻧﺒﻪ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫)ﺏ( ُﺣﻠﹼﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺷﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ – ﺃ‪ ،‬ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﲪﺪ )‪ (٣٥٢/٢‬ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ )‪ (٤٢/٢‬ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ ) ‪ (١٦٦٧/‬ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ‬
‫)‪ (٢٠٤/١‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻹﺳﻨﺎﺩ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢١‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ‪»:‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺣﲔ ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺪﺍﺀ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺭﺏ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻣـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺁﺕ ﳏﻤﺪًﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻀﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﺑﻌﺜﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻣًﺎ ﳏﻤﻮﺩًﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﻋﺪﺗﻪ ﺣﻠﹼﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺷﻔﺎﻋﱵ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫‪ -٧‬ﺍﳌﺸﻲ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪:‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﺸﻲ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻣﻠﻲﺀ ﺑﺎﻷﺟﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺮﻓـﻊ ﺭﺻـﻴﺪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﻧﻠﺨﺼﻬﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫)ﺃ( ﺍﻟُﻨﺰُﻝ )ﺍﻟﻀﻴﺎﻓﺔ( ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﻏﺪﺍ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﺃﻭ ﺭﺍﺡ ﺃﻋﺪّ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻧُـﺰُ ﹰﻻ ﻛﻠﻤـﺎ ﻏـﺪﺍ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺭﺍﺡ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫)ﺏ( ﺣﻂ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻄﻬﺮ‬
‫ﰲ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ ﰒ ﻣﻀﻰ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻴﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻮﺕ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻴﻘﻀﻲ ﻓﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﺋﺾ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺗﻪ ﺇﺣﺪﺍﻫﺎ ﲢﻂ ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺗﺮﻓﻊ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫)ﺝ( ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪:‬‬
‫»ﺇﻥ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﺟﺮًﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺃﺑﻌﺪﻫﻢ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﳑﺸﻰ ﻓﺄﺑﻌـﺪﻫﻢ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢٢‬‬

‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺼﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺃﺟﺮًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬
‫ﻳﺼﻠﻲ ﰒ ﻳﻨﺎﻡ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫)ﺩ( ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻡ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺑﺮﻳﺪﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺑﺸﺮ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺋﲔ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻡ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫)ﻫـ( ﳏﻮ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻭﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺃﻻ‬
‫ﺃﺩﻟﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﳝﺤﻮ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻭﻳﺮﻓﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ؟ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﺑﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﺳﺒﺎﻍ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﳋﻄﻰ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻓـﺬﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺑـﺎﻁ ﻓـﺬﻟﻜﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻁ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫)ﻭ( ﺻﺪﻗﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺒﺔ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ ﻭﺑﻜﻞ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﳝﺸﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ«)‪.(٤‬‬
‫‪ -٨‬ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ – ﻣﻴﺎﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ‪:‬‬
‫)ﺃ( ﺇﻥ ﺍﳊﺮﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻪ ﻓﻀـﻞ ﻛـﺒﲑ‪،‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ )‪ (٥٦١‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ )‪ (٢٢٣‬ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﻫـ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻪ ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٤‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢٣‬‬

‫ﻭﻟﻌﻞ ﰲ ﺳﻜﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻋﻦ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﻟﻔﻀـﻞ ﺍﻟﺼـﻒ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻘﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻟﻮ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺪﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻒ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﰒ ﱂ ﳚﺪﻭﺍ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﻬﻤﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻻﺳﺘﻬﻤﻮﺍ ﻭﻟﻮ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺠﲑ ﻻﺳﺘﺒﻘﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻣﻔﻌﻮﻝ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﻫﻮ ﱂ ﻳﺒﲔ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻴﻠﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻟﻴﻔﻴﺪ ﺿﺮﺑًﺎ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﳑﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻒ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻹﻃﻼﻕ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻮ ﰲ ﻗـﺪﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺇﻻ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺑﻴّﻦ ﺍﳋﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﻛﺔ )‪.(٢‬‬
‫)ﺏ( ﻣﺸﺎﻬﺑﺔ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺑﻦ ﲰﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺧـﺮﺝ ﻋﻠﻴﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺃﻻ ﺗﺼﻔﻮﻥ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺼﻒ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭﻬﺑـﺎ؟‬
‫ﻓﻘﻠﻨﺎ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺼﻒ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭﻬﺑﺎ؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻳﺘﻤـﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻭﻳﺘﺮﺍﺻﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫)ﺝ( ﺍﳋﲑﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺟﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪:‬‬
‫»ﺧﲑ ﺻﻔﻮﻑ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﺃﻭﳍﺎ ﻭﺷﺮﻫﺎ ﺁﺧﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺧﲑ ﺻﻔﻮﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺁﺧﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺷﺮﻫﺎ ﺃﻭﳍﺎ«)‪.(٤‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺸﺮﺡ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻘﻼﱐ‪ ،‬ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬
‫)‪ (٦١٥/٢‬ﺹ‪.٩٦‬‬
‫) ‪(٢‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٤‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢٤‬‬

‫)ﺩ( ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﻭﻋﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﺑﺘﺄﺧﲑ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﺄﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﳋﺪﺭﻱ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺭﺃﻯ ﰲ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺗﺄﺧﺮًﺍ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﳍﻢ‪» :‬ﺗﻘﺪﻣﻮﺍ ﰊ ﻭﻟﻴﺄﰎ ﺑﻜـﻢ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪﻛﻢ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻳﺘﺄﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺆﺧﺮﻫﻢ ﺍﷲ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫)ﻫـ( ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﺀ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﺯﺏ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻳﺘﺨﻠﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﳝﺴﺢ ﺻﺪﻭﺭﻧﺎ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﻛﺒﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪» :‬ﻻ ﲣﺘﻠﻔﻮﺍ ﻓﺘﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻗﻠﻮﺑﻜﻢ« ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﻳﻘـﻮﻝ‪» :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﻳﺼﻠﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -٩‬ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺗﺒﺔ‪:‬‬
‫)ﺃ( ﺇﻥ ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺗﺐ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻣﺘﻼﻙ ﺑﻴﺖ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﻡ ﺣﺒﻴﺒﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻔﻴﺎﻥ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨـﻬﻤﺎ – ﻗﺎﻟـﺖ‪:‬‬
‫ﲰﻌﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﻳﺼﻠﻲ ﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﻛـﻞ‬
‫ﻳﻮﻡ ﺛﻨﱵ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺭﻛﻌﺔ ﺗﻄﻮﻋًﺎ ﻏﲑ ﻓﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﺇﻻ ﺑﲎ ﺍﷲ ﻟـﻪ ﺑﻴﺘـﹰﺎ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺇﻻ ﺑُﲏ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻴﺖ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺗﺐ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﻗﺒﻠﻴﺔ )ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ( ﺃﻭ ﺑﻌﺪﻳﺔ )ﺑﻌﺪ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﺑﺈﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺣﺴﻦ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ ﺑﺈﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺣﺴﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢٥‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ( ﻭﳎﻤﻮﻋﻬﺎ )‪ (١٢‬ﺭﻛﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺭﻛﻌﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ‪ :‬ﻋﻦ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ – ﻋـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪» :‬ﺭﻛﻌﺘﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﺧﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﺗﺄﻣﻞ ﻣﻌﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ ،‬ﺇﻥ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﺧ ٌﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﻣﺒﺎﻥ ﻭﺳﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ‪ ...‬ﺇﱁ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺭﻛﻌﺎﺕ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺪﻳﺔ ﻫﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺭﻛﻌﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﺮ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﺭﻛﻌﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٣‬ﺭﻛﻌﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫)ﺏ( ﺇﻥ ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺭﻛﻌﺎﺕ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻨﺎ ﲢـﺖ‬
‫ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪ ‬ﺑﺎﻟﺮﲪﺔ‪ :‬ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻋـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺭﺣﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻣﺮﹰﺃ ﺻﻠﻰ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ ﺃﺭﺑ ًﻌﺎ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -١٠‬ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻜﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﻳﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺍﻟـﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﺑـﲔ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪ (٥٠٣/١‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٥٠١/١‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢٦‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﺰ ﲝﺪ ﺫﺍﺗﻪ ﳚﺐ ﺍﻏﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﺟﻮﺩﻩ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴـﺠﺪ ﺃﺣـﺮﻯ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻹﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑﻩ ﻟﻔﻀﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﰲ ﺻﻼﺓ ﻣـﺎ ﺩﺍﻡ ﻳﻨﺘﻈـﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪» :‬ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺩ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫‪ -١١‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪:‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﺒﻜﺮ ﻳﺆﻫﻠﻚ ﻻﻛﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺟﻮﺭ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﻙ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﻳﻌﺪﻝ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪» :‬ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﰲ ﺻﻼﺓ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﻣﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﲢﺒﺴﻪ ‪.(٢)«...‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻻ‬
‫ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﰲ ﺻﻼﺓ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﻣﺼﻼﻩ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜـﺔ‬
‫ﺗﻘﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﺭﲪﻪ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻨﺼﺮﻑ ﺃﻭ ﳛﺪﺙ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﻱ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴـﺘﺠﻴﺐ ﺍﷲ ﺳـﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ‬
‫»ﻭﺭﺟﻞ ﺗﺪﻋﻮ ﻟﻪ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺣﺮ ٌ‬
‫ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﻪ«)‪.(٤‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺧﺰﳝﺔ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﻧﺲ ﺑﻦ‬
‫ﻣﺎﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (١٤٢/٢‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٤٥٩/١‬‬
‫)‪ (٤‬ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺡ ﺍﳌﻤﺘﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﻨﻊ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﺡ ﻓﻀﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺜﻴﻤﲔ – ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ –‬

‫=‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢٧‬‬

‫)ﺝ( ﳏﻮ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪:‬‬
‫»ﺃﻻ ﺃﺩﻟﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﳝﺤﻮ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻭﻳﺮﻓﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ؟ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‬
‫ﺑﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﺳﺒﺎﻍ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﳋﻄﻰ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻓﺬﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻁ ﻓـﺬﻟﻜﻢ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻁ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫‪ -١٢‬ﺍﻻﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻭﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﰲ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﺒﻜﺮ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻘﺮﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﺄﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻭﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻔﻜـﺮ ﰲ ﺁﻻﺀ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻧﻘﻄﺎﻉ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﳘﻮﻣﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺩﻋﻰ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﻗﺒـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﳋﺸﻮﻉ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﲞﻼﻑ ﺍﳌﺘﺄﺧﺮ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﺼﻠﻲ ﻭﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﻣﻨﺸﻐﻞ‬
‫ﻬﺑﻤﻮﻣﻪ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻼﺗﻪ ﻭﻻ ﳛﻀﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺒًﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻌﻠﻲ ﺃﻗﺘﺮﺡ – ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺃﺧﻲ ﰲ ﺍﷲ – ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺹ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ‬
‫ﺗﺸﺘﻐﻞ ﻬﺑﺎ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﻙ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﻟﺮﻓﻊ ﺭﺻﻴﺪﻙ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﻫـﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﻻ ﺍﳊﺼﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﺝ ‪.٣‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬

‫=‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢٨‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ -‬ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬

‫‪ -١‬ﻗــﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺧﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘـﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜـﺮﱘ =‬
‫)‪ (٥‬ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺗﻼﻭﺓ ‪ ٦٠٤‬ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑــﲔ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﰲ )‪ ٢٥ (٢٤‬ﺻﻔﺤﺔ × ‪ ٢٤‬ﻳـﻮﻡ = ‪٦٠٠‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒًﺎ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒًﺎ‬
‫ﺻﻼﺓ ﻛﻔﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺑﻘــﺮﺍﺀﺓ ‪٢٥‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﻳﻮﻣﻴًﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﻗــﺮﺍﺀﺓ‬
‫)ﺟﺰﺀ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ(‬
‫ﻛــﻞ ﻳــﻮﻡ‬
‫ﻼ ﻭﻗﺖ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺘﻐ ﹰ‬
‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈــــﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ‬

‫ﺧﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ = ‪ ٣٠‬ﺟﺰﺀًﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺗﻼﻭﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮ = ‪ ٣٠‬ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ‬
‫ﰲ )‪٣٠ (٣٠‬‬
‫‪ ١‬ﺟﺰﺀ ﻛﻞ‬
‫ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒًﺎ‬
‫ﺟﺰﺀًﺍ‬
‫‪٣٠‬‬
‫ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ‬

‫‪ -٣‬ﻗــﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﲡﺮﺑﺔ‬
‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺁﻳـﺎﺕ ﺍﷲ ﰲ )ﲦﺎﱐ‬
‫ﻼ ﺳــﻨﻮﺍﺕ(‬
‫ﻳﻮﻣﻴًﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﻐ ﹰ‬

‫=‬

‫ﻳﻮﻡ‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٢٩‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬
‫‪ -٤‬ﺣﻔــﻆ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ ٤٨٣.٢ = ١.٢٥ ÷ ٦٠٤‬ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ‬
‫)ﺻـــﻔﺤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺳـ‬
‫ـﻨﺔ ‪ ١٠ = ٤٨٣.٢‬ﻭ‪ ١٦‬ﺳﻨﺔ ﻭ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺑﻊ( ﻳﻮﻣﻴًﺎ ﻭﻧﺼﻒ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ‬
‫‪ ٤‬ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ‪ ١٠‬ﺃﻳﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻼ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻣﺴﺘﻐ ﹰ‬
‫‪ ٣٠‬ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪ -٥‬ﺣﻔــﻆ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ ٣٠٢ = ٦٠٤‬ﻳﻮﻡ = ‪١٠‬‬

‫)ﻭﺟﻬــﲔ( ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺳــﻨﺔ ‪٢‬‬
‫ﻼ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ‬
‫ﻳﻮﻣﻴًﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﻐ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫ﺃﺷﻬﺮ‬

‫‪ -٦‬ﻗــﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺗﻌﺪﻝ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﳋﺪﺭﻱ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺳــــﻮﺭﺓ ﺧﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗـﺎﻝ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺧﻼﺹ ‪ ٣‬ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ‬
‫ﻷﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ »ﺃﻳﻌﺠﺰ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺮﺃ‬
‫ﻣﺮﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺛﻠﺚ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﰲ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ؟ ﻓﺸﻖ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﻳﻄﻴﻖ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻳـﺎ‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٣٠‬‬

‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ؟ ﻓﻘـﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣـﺪ‬
‫)‪(١‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺼﻤﺪ ﺛﻠﺚ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ«‬

‫‪ -٧‬ﻗــﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺗﻌﺪﻝ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ –‬
‫ﺳــــﻮﺭﺓ ﺧﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪» :‬ﻗﻞ ﻫﻮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻭﻥ ‪٤‬‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺗﻌﺪﻝ ﺛﻠﺚ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﻗـﻞ‬
‫ﻣﺮﺍﺕ‬
‫ﻳﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻜـﺎﻓﺮﻭﻥ ﺗﻌـﺪﻝ ﺭﺑـﻊ‬
‫)‪(٢‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ«‬

‫‪ -٨‬ﻗــﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﻏﻔـــﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ –‬
‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺇﻥ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺛﻼﺛﻮﻥ ﺁﻳـﺔ ﺷـﻔﻌﺖ‬
‫ﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺣﱴ ﻏﹸﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ‪ :‬ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ‬

‫ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ«)‪.(٣‬‬

‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﺯﻟﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺑﺴﺎﺗﲔ ﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺏ‪ .‬ﻓﺘﺄﻣﻞ ﻣﻌﻲ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﻀـﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻟﻘﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ‪/٥٠١٥‬ﻍ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻓﻀﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺏ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻗﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺍﷲ ﺃﺣﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺑﻮ‬
‫ﺩﺍﻭﺩ )‪ (١٤٦٢‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ )‪ (١٣١٤‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﱐ ﰲ ]ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ )‪.[(١٣٢/٢‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﺭﻗﻢ )‪ (٣٧٧٦‬ﻍ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻗﺐ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺐ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ )‪(١٦٤/٥‬‬
‫ﻭﺣﺴﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ )‪ (٤٩٧/٢‬ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﻭﻭﺍﻓﻘﻪ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﱯ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٣١‬‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪:‬‬
‫»ﻣﻦ ﻗﺮﺃ ﺣﺮﻓﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳊﺴﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺸﺮ ﺃﻣﺜﺎﳍﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻻ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ )ﺃﱂ( ﺣﺮﻑ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺃﻟـﻒ ﺣـﺮﻑ ﻭﻻﻡ ﺣـﺮﻑ ﻭﻣـﻴﻢ‬
‫ﺣﺮﻑ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻓﻠﻨﻀﺮﺏ ﻣﺜﺎ ﹰﻻ ﺑﺄﻗﺼﺮ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺣﺮﻭﻑ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺛﺮ = )‪ (٤٢‬ﺣﺮﻓﹰﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺔ = ‪) ١٠‬ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺕ( = ‪ ٤٢٠‬ﺣﺴﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺄﻣﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺃﻗﺼﺮ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘـﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜـﺮﱘ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺛﺮ( ﻓﻠﻮ ﻗﺮﺃﺕ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﻙ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﻢ ﻳﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺮﻯ ﺳﺘﻜﺴﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ؟‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ‪ /‬ﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ‬
‫ـﻨﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻌﺼﺐ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﺪﺛﲏ‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺍﻟﺘﺴــﺒﻴﺢ )‪ (١٠٠‬ﺣﺴـ‬
‫ـﻂ ﺃﰊ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﻨﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
‫)‪ (١٠٠‬ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺣــــ‬
‫)‪ (١٠٠٠‬ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺔ ‪» :‬ﺃﻳﻌﺠﺰ ﺃﺣـﺪﻛﻢ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻳﻜﺴﺐ ﻛـﻞ ﻳـﻮﻡ ﺃﻟـﻒ‬

‫ﺣﺴﻨﺔ؟ ﻓﺴﺄﻟﻪ ﺳـﺎﺋﻞ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺋﻪ‪ :‬ﻛﻴـﻒ ﻳﻜﺴـﺐ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺪﻧﺎ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺣﺴـﻨﺔ؟ ﻗـﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻭﺭﺟﺢ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﻗﻄﲏ ﻭﻗﻔﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٣٢‬‬

‫ﻳﺴﺒﺢ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺤﺔ ﻓﻴﻜﺘﺐ‬
‫ﻟﻪ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ ﺃﻭ ﲢﻂ ﻋﻨـﻪ‬
‫)‪(١‬‬

‫ﺃﻟﻒ ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺔ«‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﻻ ﺇﻟــﻪ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣــﺪﻩ ﻻ‬
‫ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻭﻟﻪ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛـﻞ‬
‫ﺷــﻲﺀ ﻗــﺪﻳﺮ‬
‫)‪ ١٠٠‬ﻣﺮﺓ(‪.‬‬

‫ـﺮﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿـﻲ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ـﺪﻝ ﻋﺸـ‬
‫ﻋـ‬
‫ـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬
‫ـﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳـ‬
‫ﺭﻗﺎﺏ ‪ +‬ﺣﺴﻨﺔ ﻋﻨـ‬
‫‪ +‬ﳏــﻮ ‪ ١٠٠‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺳﻴﺌﺔ ‪ +‬ﺣﺮﺯ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟـﻪ‪ ،‬ﻟـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻭﻟﻪ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻗﺪﻳﺮ ﰲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬

‫ﻣﺮﺓ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻋﺪﻝ ﻋﺸـﺮ‬
‫ﺭﻗﺎﺏ ﻭﻛﺘﺒﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻭﳏﻴﺖ ﻋﻨـﻪ ﻣﺎﺋـﺔ ﺳـﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟـﻪ ﺣـﺮﺯًﺍ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﻣﻪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺣـﱴ‬

‫ﳝﺴﻲ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺄﺕ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺑﺄﻓﻀﻞ‬
‫ﳑﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺇﻻ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻪ«)‪.(٢‬‬

‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٣٣‬‬

‫‪ -٣‬ﻻ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻭﻻ ﻛﻨﺰ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻨـﻮﺯ ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﺍﻷﺷﻌﺮﻱ –‬
‫ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﱄ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‬
‫ﻗﻮﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﷲ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪» :‬ﺃﻻ ﺃﺩﻟـﻚ‬

‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻨﺰ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﳉﻨـﺔ«‬
‫ﻓﻘﻠﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‪،‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻻ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻭﻻ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺇﻻ‬

‫ﺑﺎﷲ«)‪.(١‬‬

‫‪ -٤‬ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻏﺮﺳﺖ ﻟﻪ ﳔﻠـﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﻗـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻭﲝﻤﺪﻩ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻭﲝﻤﺪﻩ‬
‫)‪(٢‬‬

‫ﻏﺮﺳﺖ ﻟﻪ ﳔﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ«‬

‫‪ -٥‬ﺍﻻﺳـ‬
‫ـﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ ﺃﺟﺮﻩ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺆﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳـﻮﻝ ‪» :‬ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤــــﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﻣﺆﻣﻨﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻜـﻞ ﻣـﺆﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻭﻣﺆﻣﻨﺔ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ«)‪.(٣‬‬

‫ﺣﺮﻱ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﺧﺼﻮﺻًﺎ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﲔ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺿﻞ )ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ( ﻬﺑﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺫﻛﺎﺭ ﻟﻴﻜﺴﺐ ﻣﺰﻳﺪًﺍ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻮﺭ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﱪﺍﱐ ﻭﺣﺴﻨﻪ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﱐ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٣٤‬‬

‫‪ -١٣‬ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪» :‬ﺑﲔ ﻛﻞ ﺃﺫﺍﻧﲔ ﺻﻼﺓ«)‪ .(١‬ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺑـﺎﻷﺫﺍﻧﲔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ‪ .‬ﻟﺬﺍ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺗﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺗﺮﺩﻳـﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﰲ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ]ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ[‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺑﻨﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻔﻀـﻞ‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻪ ]ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ ‪ +‬ﺷﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟـﻨﱯ ‪‬‬
‫ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ[‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٤‬ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﲡﺐ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﺍﺳـﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩًﺍ ﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺼـﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺘﺴـﻮﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﻓﻀﺎﺋﻞ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺎﺻﺪ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺸﲑ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪» :‬ﻟﺘﺴﻮّﻥ ﺻﻔﻮﻓﻜﻢ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﻟﻴﺨﺎﻟﻔﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺑﲔ ﻭﺟﻮﻫﻜﻢ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻩ ﻳﻮﻗﻊ ﺑﻴﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺍﻭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻐﻀـﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﺧـﺘﻼﻑ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ‪ .‬ﺍﻫـ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻻ ﳜﻔﻰ ﻣﺎ ﰲ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﰒ ﻭﺍﳌﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪:‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (٦٢٧‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٨٣٨‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪.(١٧٦/١‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٣٥‬‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﺲ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟـﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻗـﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺳـﻮﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺻﻔﻮﻓﻜﻢ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻭﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ ﻭﺍﺟﺒًﺎ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﻳـﺄﰒ‬
‫ﺗﺎﺭﻛﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﺍﻟﺘﻀﻴﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻃﲔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺃﻗﻴﻤﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ‪ ،‬ﻭﺣﺎﺫﻭﺍ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻛﺐ ﻭﺳـﺪﻭﺍ ﺍﳋﻠـﻞ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻟﻴﻨﻮﺍ ﺑﺄﻳﺪﻱ ﺇﺧﻮﺍﻧﻜﻢ ﻭﻻ ﺗـﺬﺭﻭﺍ ﻓﺮﺟـﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺸـﻴﻄﺎﻥ ‪«...‬‬
‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ)‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﻭﺻﻞ ﺍﷲ ﳌﻦ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺻﻔﹰﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ‪ ...» :‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺻﻔﹰﺎ ﻭﺻﻠﻪ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺻـﻔﹰﺎ ﻗﻄﻌـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﷲ«)‪.(٣‬‬

‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪.(١٧٧/١‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ )‪ (١٣٣/١‬ﺝ‪ ٦٦٦‬ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﱐ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺳﻨﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ‬
‫)‪١٣١/١‬ﺝ‪.(٦٢‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬

‫‪٣٦‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫ﻣﻠﺨﺺ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ )ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ(‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﺟﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬
‫ﺃ( ﳏﺒﺔ ﺍﷲ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١‬ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ‬
‫ﺏ( ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻣـﻊ ﻣـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﰲ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ ﻳﻮﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﳏﻮ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫـ( ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ ﻭﺩﺧـﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻱ ﺃﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﳉﻨـﺔ‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻮﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺗﻜﺘﺐ ﰲ ﺭﻕ ﰒ ﲡﻌـﻞ ﰲ‬
‫ﻃﺎﺑﻊ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻜﺴﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﻄﻬﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻔﻢ ﻣﺮﺿﺎﺓ ﻟﻠﺮﺏ‬
‫‪ -٣‬ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﻙ‬
‫ﺃ( ﻓﻀﻞ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻭﺧﲑ ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٤‬ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻜﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬
‫ﺏ( ﺇﻇﻼﻝ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻻ ﻇﻞ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﻇﻠﻠﻪ )ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﺎﺟﺪ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﺻﻴﺎﻡ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﻗﻴﺎﻣﻬـﺎ ﺑﻜـﻞ‬
‫ﺧﻄﻮﺓ )ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ(‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٣٧‬‬

‫ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‬
‫‪ -٥‬ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺃ( ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٦‬ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺏ( ﺷﻔﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺍﻟﻨﱡﺰﻝ )ﺍﻟﻀﻴﺎﻓﺔ( ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٧‬ﺍﳌﺸﻲ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬
‫ﺏ( ﺣــﻂ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳــﺎ ﻭﺭﻓــﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺃﺟﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻡ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫـ( ﳏـﻮ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳـﺎ ﻭﻣﻐﻔـﺮﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭ( ﺻﺪﻗﺔ )ﺑﻜﻞ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ(‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٨‬ﺍﻟﺼــﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻭﻣﻴــﺎﻣﻦ ﺃ( ﻣﺸﺎﻬﺑﺔ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺍﳋﲑﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ‬
‫ﺝ( ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﻴﺪ )ﺑﺘﺄﺧﲑ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺘﺄﺧﺮﻳﻦ(‪.‬‬
‫‪ -٩‬ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺴـﻨﻦ ﺃ( ﺑﻴﺖ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ )ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺭﻛﻌﺎﺕ ﻗﺒﻞ‬
‫)ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺗﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ(‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ(‬
‫‪ -١٠‬ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ‬

‫‪٣٨‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫ﺃ( ﻳﻌﺪﻝ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١١‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬
‫ﺏ( ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﳏﻮ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٢‬ﺃ( ﺍﻻﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻘﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺃ( ﺧﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺗﻼﻭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ‬
‫ﺝ( ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃ( ‪ ١٠٠٠‬ﺣﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺣﻂ ‪١٠٠٠‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺍﻷﺫﻛﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﻋﺪﻝ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺭﻗﺎﺏ ‪١٠٠ +‬‬
‫ﺣﺴﻨﺔ ‪ +‬ﳏﻮ ‪ ١٠٠‬ﺳﻴﺌﺔ ‪ +‬ﺣﺮﺯ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﻛﻨﺰ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﻏﺮﺍﺱ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٣‬ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺗﻴـﺎﻥ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ )ﻧﻔﺲ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ(‬
‫ﺑﺄﺫﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ ﺑﻌـﺪﻫﺎ ﺩﺧـﻮﻝ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﺍﻟـﺬﻧﻮﺏ ‪ +‬ﺷـﻔﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ = ﺍﻷﺫﺍﻥ‬
‫ﺃ( ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺎﺻﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ -١٤‬ﺗﺴﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ‬
‫ﺏ( ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﺍﻟﺘﻀﻴﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻃﲔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﻭﺻﻞ ﺍﷲ ﳌﻦ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺻﻔﹰﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٣٩‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬
‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬
‫ﳝﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﳓﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﱄ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺗﺄﺩﻳـﺔ ﺍﻟﺼـﻼﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﻟﻴﻜﻢ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻣﺘﻼﻙ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ‪:‬‬
‫‪ -١‬ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻠﺼـﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﻓﻀـﻞ‬
‫ﺧﺎﺹ ﻛﻔﻀﻞ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ‪ ...‬ﺩﻋﻮﻧﺎ ﻧﻠﺨﺺ ﻫﺬﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻨﺰ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ‪ /‬ﻋﺎﻡ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﺸﻒ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪،‬‬
‫ﳚﺐ ﺍﻏﺘﻨﺎﻣﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﳊﺮﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﺍﺋﻬﺎ ﻟﺮﻓﻊ ﺭﺻـﻴﺪﻧﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻷﺟـﻮﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻭﺭﺯﻕ ﻛﺮﱘ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ ﻳُﻘِﻴﻤُﻮ ﹶﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﱠﻠﹶﺎ ﹶﺓ َﻭ ِﻣﻤﱠﺎ َﺭ َﺯ ﹾﻗﻨَﺎ ُﻫ ْﻢ ﻳُ ْﻨ ِﻔﻘﹸـﻮ ﹶﻥ *‬
‫ﻚ ُﻫ ُﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﻤ ْﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮ ﹶﻥ ﺣَﻘًّﺎ ﹶﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﺩ َﺭﺟَﺎﺕٌ ِﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ َﺭﺑﱢ ﹺﻬ ْﻢ َﻭ َﻣ ْﻐ ِﻔ َﺮﺓﹲ َﻭ ﹺﺭ ْﺯﻕٌ‬
‫ﺃﹸﻭﹶﻟِﺌ َ‬
‫ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮﱘٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ‪.[٤ ،٣ :‬‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺻ ﹶﻄﹺﺒ ْﺮ َﻋ ﹶﻠ ْﻴﻬَﺎ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻧﺴْـﹶﺄﻟﹸ َ‬
‫ﻚ ﺑﹺﺎﻟﺼﱠﻠﹶﺎ ِﺓ ﻭَﺍ ْ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪َ  :‬ﻭﹾﺃ ُﻣ ْﺮ ﹶﺃ ْﻫ ﹶﻠ َ‬
‫ﺤﻦُ َﻧ ْﺮﺯُﻗﹸ َ‬
‫ﹺﺭ ْﺯﻗﹰﺎ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻌَﺎ ِﻗَﺒﺔﹸ ﻟِﻠﺘﱠ ﹾﻘﻮَﻯ‪] ‬ﻃﻪ‪.[١٣٢ :‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺗﻜﻔﲑ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺎﺕ‪ /‬ﳏﻮ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤٠‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪َ  :‬ﻭﹶﺃ ِﻗ ﹺﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﱠﻠﹶﺎ ﹶﺓ ﹶﻃ َﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹺﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﻬَﺎ ﹺﺭ َﻭ ُﺯﹶﻟﻔﹰﺎ ﻣِـ َﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻴْـ ﹺﻞ ﹺﺇﻥﱠ‬
‫ﺕ ﹶﺫِﻟـ َ‬
‫ﺕ ُﻳـ ﹾﺬ ِﻫ ْﺒ َﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﱠـﻴﱢﺌﹶﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺴـﻨَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺤَ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ َ‬
‫ﻚ ِﺫ ﹾﻛـﺮَﻯ ﻟِﻠـﺬﱠﺍ ِﻛﺮﹺﻳ َﻦ‪‬‬
‫]ﻫﻮﺩ‪.[١١٤ :‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪» :‬ﺃﺭﺃﻳﺘﻢ ﻟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻬﻧﺮًﺍ ﺑﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﻳﻐﺘﺴﻞ ﻣﻨﻪ‬
‫ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﲬﺲ ﻣﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻞ ﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭﻧﻪ ﺷﻲﺀٌ؟« ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﻻ ﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺩﺭﻧﻪ ﺷﻲﺀ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻓﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳋﻤﺲ ﳝﺤـﻮ ﺍﷲ ﻬﺑـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳋﻄﺎﻳﺎ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳋﻤﺲ ﻭﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﻭﺭﻣﻀـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﻣﻜﻔﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻦ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺒﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺋﺮ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪َ  :‬ﻭﹶﺃﻗِﻴﻤُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﱠﻠﹶﺎ ﹶﺓ َﻭ َﺁﺗُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺰﱠﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﺓ َﻭﹶﺃﻃِﻴﻌُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﱠﺳُـﻮ ﹶﻝ‬
‫ﹶﻟ َﻌﻠﱠﻜﹸ ْﻢ ُﺗ ْﺮ َﺣﻤُﻮ ﹶﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ‪.[٥٦ :‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪ /‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻭﺱ‪:‬‬
‫ﻚ ُﻫ ُﻢ‬
‫ﺻ ﹶﻠﻮَﺍِﺗ ﹺﻬ ْﻢ ﻳُﺤَﺎ ِﻓﻈﹸﻮ ﹶﻥ * ﺃﹸﻭﹶﻟِﺌ َ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﻭَﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ ُﻫ ْﻢ َﻋﻠﹶﻰ َ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻮَﺍ ﹺﺭﺛﹸﻮ ﹶﻥ * ﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ َﻳ ﹺﺮﺛﹸـﻮ ﹶﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻔِـ ْﺮ َﺩ ْﻭ َ‬
‫ﺱ ﻫُـ ْﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬَـﺎ ﺧَﺎﻟِـﺪُﻭ ﹶﻥ‪‬‬
‫]ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ‪.[١١-٩ :‬‬
‫ﻚ ﻓِﻲ‬
‫ﺻﻠﹶﺎِﺗ ﹺﻬ ْﻢ ﻳُﺤَﺎ ِﻓﻈﹸﻮ ﹶﻥ * ﺃﹸﻭﹶﻟِﺌ َ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﻭَﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ ُﻫ ْﻢ َﻋﻠﹶﻰ َ‬
‫َﺟﻨﱠﺎ ٍ‬
‫ﺕ ُﻣ ﹾﻜ َﺮﻣُﻮ ﹶﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺭﺝ‪.[٣٥ ،٣٤ :‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﺝ‪١‬ﺹ‪.١٣٤‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺝ‪١‬ﺹ‪.٢٠٩‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤١‬‬

‫ﻫـ( ﻧﻮﺭ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﺎﺭﺙ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﺻﻢ ﺍﻷﺷﻌﺮﻱ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ –‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ...» :‬ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻧﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺪﻗﺔ ﺑﺮﻫـﺎﻥ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﱪ ﺿﻴﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺣﺠﺔ ﻟﻚ ﺃﻭ ﺣﺠﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻳﻐﺪﻭ ﻓﺒﺎﺋﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﻤﻌﺘﻘﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻮﺑﻘﻬﺎ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻧﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﻠﻖ ﻭﳍﺬﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻗﺮﺓ ﻋﲔ ﺍﳌﺘﻘﲔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟـﻨﱯ‬
‫‪ ‬ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪» :‬ﺟﻌﻠﺖ ﻗﺮﺓ ﻋﻴﲏ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ‪ /‬ﺧﺎﺹ‪:‬‬
‫ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺗﺸﻬﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ‪:‬‬
‫ﺠ ﹺﺮ ﻛﹶﺎ ﹶﻥ َﻣﺸْـﻬُﻮﺩًﺍ‪‬‬
‫ﺠ ﹺﺮ ﹺﺇﻥﱠ ﻗﹸ ْﺮ َﺁ ﹶﻥ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪َ  :‬ﻭﻗﹸ ْﺮ َﺁ ﹶﻥ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ ْ‬

‫]ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﺀ‪.[٧٨ :‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻔﺴﺮﻭﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﺗﺸـﻬﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﻼﺋﻜـﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻴـﻞ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ )‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪:‬‬
‫»ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻗﺒﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻜﻢ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﳚﺘﻤﻌـﻮﻥ ﰲ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺇﻳﻘﺎﻅ ﺍﳍﻤﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻨﺘﻘﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻭﺍﳊﻜﻢ ﰲ ﺷﺮﺡ ﲬﺴﲔ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﻦ ﺭﺟﺐ ﺍﳊﻨﺒﻠﻲ ﺹ‪.٣٢٢‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤٢‬‬

‫ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻭﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﻳﻌﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺗﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻜﻢ ﻓﻴﺴﺄﳍﻢ‬
‫ﺍﷲ – ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻬﺑﻢ – ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺮﻛﺘﻢ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻱ؟ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﺗﺮﻛﻨـﺎﻫﻢ‬
‫ﻭﻫﻢ ﻳﺼﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﺃﺗﻴﻨﺎﻫﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻳﺼﻠﻮﻥ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﱪﺩﻳﻦ ﺩﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﱪﺩﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﻋﺪﻡ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺯﻫﲑ ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺓ ﺑﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺒﺔ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﲰﻌﺖ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪» :‬ﻟﻦ ﻳﻠﺞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺃﺣﺪٌ ﺻـﻠﻰ ﻗﺒـﻞ ﻃﻠـﻮﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻭﻗﺒﻞ ﻏﺮﻭﻬﺑﺎ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﻳﻌﲏ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﰲ ﺫﻣﺔ ﺍﷲ )ﺣﻔﻈﻪ(‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺟﻨﺪﺏ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻔﻴﺎﻥ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬
‫‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻓﻬﻮ ﰲ ﺫﻣﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻓﺎﻧﻈﺮ ﻳـﺎ ﺍﺑـﻦ ﺁﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﻻ‬
‫ﻳﻄﻠﺒﻨﻚ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺫﻣﺘﻪ ﺑﺸﻲﺀ«)‪.(٤‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺍﳌﺘﺠﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﺢ ﰲ ﺛﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﺃﰊ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﻴﺎﻃﻲ ﺹ‪.٩٨‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٦٣٤‬‬
‫)‪ (٤‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٦٥٧‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤٣‬‬

‫ﻫـ( ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺍﷲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺒﺠﻠﻲ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﻨﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻓﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺭ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺇﻧﻜﻢ ﺳﺘﺮﻭﻥ ﺭﺑﻜﻢ ﻛﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﻻ ﺗﻀﺎﻣﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺭﺅﻳﺘﻪ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻌﺘﻢ ﺃﻻ ﺗﻐﻠﺒﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺻﻼﺓ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻃﻠﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻭﻗﺒﻞ ﻏﺮﻭﻬﺑﺎ ﻓﺎﻓﻌﻠﻮﺍ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﻛﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻧﺼﻒ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ )ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ( ﺃﻭ ﻛﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﻠﻪ )ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ(‪ :‬ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﲰﻌﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﰲ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻓﻜﺄﳕﺎ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ‬
‫ﰲ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻓﻜﺄﳕﺎ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﻠﻪ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -٢‬ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ ﺛﻮﺍﺏ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ .‬ﺗﺄﻣـﻞ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪:‬‬
‫»ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺬ ﺑﺴﺒﻊ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﻭﲟﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺸﺮ ﺃﻣﺜﺎﳍﺎ ﻓﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺻـﻼﺓ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ‪ ٢٧٠ = ١٠ × ٢٧ :‬ﺣﺴﻨﺔ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪ (٤٥٤/١‬ﻭﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ )‪ (١٥٢/١‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ )‪ (٤٣٣/١‬ﻭﻟﻔﻈﻬﻤﺎ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻛﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻧﺼﻒ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﲨﺎﻋﺔ ﻛﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻛﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ«‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (١٣١/٢‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٤٥٠/١‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤٤‬‬

‫‪ -٣‬ﺍﳋﺸﻮﻉ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﳋﺸﻮﻉ ﻫﻮ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﻳﺘﺮﺗﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺇﻟﻴﻚ ﻓﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﺍﳋﺸﻮﻉ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺡ ]ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ )ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻭﺱ( ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺭ[‪ :‬ﻗـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺻﻠﹶﺎِﺗ ﹺﻬ ْﻢ ﺧَﺎﺷِـﻌُﻮ ﹶﻥ *‬
‫ﺢ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﻤ ْﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮ ﹶﻥ * ﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ ُﻫ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ َ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪  :‬ﹶﻗ ْﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓ ﹶﻠ َ‬
‫ﻚ ﻫُـ ُﻢ‬
‫ﻭَﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ ُﻫ ْﻢ َﻋ ﹺﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﱠ ْﻐ ﹺﻮ ُﻣ ْﻌ ﹺﺮﺿُﻮ ﹶﻥ‪ ‬ﺇﱃ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﺃﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌِـ َ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟﻮَﺍ ﹺﺭﺛﹸﻮ ﹶﻥ * ﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ َﻳ ﹺﺮﺛﹸـﻮ ﹶﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻔِـ ْﺮ َﺩ ْﻭ َ‬
‫ﺱ ﻫُـ ْﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬَـﺎ ﺧَﺎﻟِـﺪُﻭ ﹶﻥ‪‬‬
‫]ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ‪.[١١-١ :‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﳏﺒﺔ ﺍﷲ‪:‬‬
‫ﲔ‪‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪َ  :‬ﻭَﻳ ْﺪﻋُﻮَﻧﻨَﺎ َﺭ ﹶﻏﺒًﺎ َﻭ َﺭ َﻫﺒًﺎ َﻭﻛﹶـﺎﻧُﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻨَـﺎ ﺧَﺎﺷِـ ِﻌ َ‬

‫]ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ‪.[٩٠ :‬‬

‫ﻓﺎﳋﺸﻮﻉ ﺻﻔﺔ ﻣﺪﺡ ﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺣـﺐ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻷﻫﻞ ﺍﳋﺸﻮﻉ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﻳﻈﻠﻪ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻇﻠﻪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪» :‬ﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﻳﻈﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻇﻠﻪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻻ ﻇﻞ ﺇﻻ ﻇﻠﻪ‬
‫‪ «...‬ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪» :‬ﻭﺭﺟﻞ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺧﺎﻟﻴًﺎ ﻓﻔﺎﺿﺖ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﻩ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻭﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﻻﻟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ :‬ﺃﻥ ﺍﳋﺎﺷﻊ ﰲ ﺻﻼﺗﻪ ﻳﻐﻠﺐ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺣﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﳋﻠﻮﺓ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﳑﻦ ﻳﻈﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﰲ‬
‫ﻇﻠﻪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤٥‬‬

‫ﺩ( ﺍﳋﺸﻮﻉ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻟﻴﺼﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﻟـﻪ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﲦﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺒﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺪﺳﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﲬﺴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﺑﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺛﻠﺜﻬـﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﻧﺼﻔﻬﺎ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻫـ( ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﺕ‪ ‬ﺇﱃ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﹶﺃﻋَـﺪﱠ‬
‫ﲔ َﻭﺍﹾﻟﺨَﺎ ِﺷﻌَﺎ ِ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺨَﺎ ِﺷ ِﻌ َ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﱠ ُﻪ ﹶﻟ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﻣ ْﻐ ِﻔ َﺮ ﹰﺓ َﻭﹶﺃ ْﺟﺮًﺍ َﻋﻈِﻴﻤًﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ‪.[٣٥ :‬‬
‫‪ -٤‬ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺘﺎﺡ‪) :‬ﻓﺘ ٌﺢ ﻷﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ(‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺫﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ‪» :‬ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛـﱪ‬
‫ﻼ« ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳـﺒﻴﻞ‬
‫ﻛﺒﲑًﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻜﺮﺓ ﻭﺃﺻﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﻼ ﰲ ﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ؟! ﺃﺗﺪﺭﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ؟‬
‫ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﻻ ﺍﳊﺼﺮ ﻣﺘﺄﻣ ﹰ‬
‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺃﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﳓﻦ – ﻧﺼﻠﻲ –‬
‫ﻣﻊ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺇﺫ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺟ ﹲﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ‪ :‬ﺍﷲ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻛﺒﲑًﺍ ﻭﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ‬
‫ﻼ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻞ‬
‫ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻭﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻜﺮ ﹰﺓ ﻭﺃﺻﻴ ﹰ‬
‫ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﻛﺬﺍ ﻛﺬﺍ« ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﺟ ﹲﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ‪ :‬ﺃﻧﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻗـﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫»ﻋﺠﺒﺖ ﳍﺎ ﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﳍﺎ ﺃﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻛﺘﻬﻦ ﻣﻨﺬ ﲰﻌﺖ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻳﻘـﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺃﲪﺪ )‪ (٣٢١/٤‬ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ )‪.(٢١١/٥‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤٦‬‬

‫‪ -٥‬ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﲢﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﻻ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﻚ ﺑﻘﺮﺍﺀﺗﻚ ﻟﺴﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﲢﺔ ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻗـﺪ ﻗـﺮﺃﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺄﻣﻞ ﻣﻌﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻰ – ﺭﺿـﻲ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﺻﻠﻲ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﻓﺪﻋﺎﱐ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻓﻠﻢ ﺃﺟﺒﻪ‬
‫ﰒ ﺃﺗﻴﺘﻪ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺇﱐ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﺻﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺃﱂ ﻳﻘـﻞ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﺍ ْﺳَﺘﺠﹺﻴﺒُﻮﺍ ِﻟﻠﱠ ِﻪ َﻭﻟِﻠﺮﱠﺳُﻮ ﹺﻝ ﹺﺇ ﹶﺫﺍ َﺩﻋَﺎ ﹸﻛ ْﻢ‪ ‬ﰒ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻷﻋﻠﻤﻨـﻚ‬
‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻫﻲ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﲣﺮﺝ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳌﺴـﺠﺪ«‬
‫ﻓﺄﺧﺬ ﺑﻴﺪﻱ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺃﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﺃﻥ ﳔﺮﺝ ﻗﻠﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻧـﻚ ﻗﻠـﺖ‬
‫ﻷﻋﻠﻤﻨﻚ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻊ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﱐ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻭﺗﻴﺘﻪ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺩﻋﺎﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﲢﺔ ﻣﻘﺴﻮﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺼﻔﲔ ﺑـﲔ ﺍﷲ –‬
‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ – ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺼﻔﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ‬
‫ﻭﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﳉﻼﻟﺘﻪ ﻭﻧﺼﻔﻬﺎ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﻭﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﲰﻌﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺑﻴﲏ ﻭﺑﲔ ﻋﺒﺪﻱ ﻧﺼﻔﲔ ﻭﻟﻌﺒﺪﻱ‬
‫»ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﻗﺴﻤ ُ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﳎـﺪﱐ‬
‫ﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ ِﻟﻠﱠ ِﻪ َﺭﺏﱢ ﺍﹾﻟﻌَﺎﹶﻟ ِﻤ َ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﺳﺄﻝ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﹾﻟ َ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪.(١٥٦/٨‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤٧‬‬

‫ﺴَﺘ ِﻌﲔُ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺑﻴﲏ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺪﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹺﺇﻳﱠﺎ َﻙ َﻧ ْﻌﺒُﺪُ َﻭﹺﺇﻳﱠﺎ َﻙ َﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻁ‬
‫ﻭﺑﲔ ﻋﺒﺪﻱ ﻭﻟﻌﺒﺪﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺳﺄﻝ‪ ،‬ﻓـﺈﺫﺍ ﻗـﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﻫْـ ِﺪﻧَﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﱢـﺮَﺍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺏ َﻋﻠﹶـ ْﻴ ﹺﻬ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺖ َﻋ ﹶﻠ ْﻴ ﹺﻬ ْﻢ ﹶﻏ ْﻴ ﹺﺮ ﺍﹾﻟ َﻤ ْﻐﻀُﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻁ ﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ ﹶﺃْﻧ َﻌ ْﻤ َ‬
‫ﺻﺮَﺍ ﹶ‬
‫ﺴَﺘﻘِﻴ َﻢ * ِ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ُﻤ ْ‬
‫َﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﺍﻟﻀﱠﺎﻟﱢ َ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻟﻌﺒﺪﻱ ﻭﻟﻌﺒﺪﻱ ﻣﺎ ﺳﺄﻝ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫‪ -٦‬ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻣﲔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﺑﺸﺮ – ﺃﺧﻲ ﺍﳌﺼﻠﻲ – ﻓﻤﻦ ﻭﺍﻓﻖ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﺄﻣﲔ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻓﻘﺪ‬
‫ﻏﹸﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻧﺒﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ‬ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﺁﻣـﲔ‬
‫ﺏ َﻋ ﹶﻠ ْﻴ ﹺﻬ ْﻢ َﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﺍﻟﻀﱠﺎﻟﱢ َ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ‪  :‬ﹶﻏ ْﻴ ﹺﺮ ﺍﹾﻟ َﻤ ْﻐﻀُﻮ ﹺ‬
‫ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﻓﻖ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﹸﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻧﺒﻪ«‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﰲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ‪» :‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ‪ :‬ﺁﻣـﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻟـﺖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜـﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺁﻣﲔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﺇﺣﺪﺍﳘﺎ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻏﹸﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘـﺪﻡ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺫﻧﺒﻪ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -٧‬ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻮﻉ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﺍﺋﺪﻩ ﺗﺴﺎﻗﻂ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﻮﺏ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻳﺼﻠﻲ‬
‫ﺃﺗﻰ ﺑﺬﻧﻮﺑﻪ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻮﺿﻌﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﻭﻋﺎﺗﻘﻴﻪ ﻓﻜﻠﻤـﺎ ﺭﻛـﻊ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺳﺠﺪ ﺗﺴﺎﻗﻄﺖ ﻋﻨﻪ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫‪ -٨‬ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻮﻉ‪:‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٢٩٦/١‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (٢٦٦/٢‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٣٠٧/١‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ )‪ (١٠/٣‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤٨‬‬

‫ﺇﻥ ﻟﻠﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻮﻉ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻭﺃﺟﺮ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﻓﻖ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ‪» :‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ‪ /‬ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﻭﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﻤـﺪ«‬
‫ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﹸﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻧﺒﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺇﺫﺍ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ‪ :‬ﲰﻊ ﺍﷲ ﳌﻦ ﲪﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻮﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﻓﻖ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﹸﻔﺮ ﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣـﻦ ﺫﻧﺒـﻪ«)‪ .(١‬ﻭﰲ‬
‫ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ‪» :‬ﻓﻘﻮﻟﻮﺍ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﻭﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ«‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﺇﺳﺮﺍﻉ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﻭﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﲪﺪًﺍ‬
‫ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻃﻴﺒًﺎ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛﹰﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ«‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺭﻓﺎﻋﺔ ﺑﻦ ﺭﺍﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﻗﻲ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﺼﻠﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻌﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﲰﻊ ﺍﷲ ﳌﻦ ﲪﺪﻩ«‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺋﻪ‪ :‬ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﻭﻟﻚ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﲪﺪًﺍ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﻃﻴﺒًﺎ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛﹰﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻠﻤﱠﺎ ﺍﻧﺼﺮﻑ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺘﻜﻠﻢ« ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺑﻀـﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﻣﻠﻜﹰﺎ ﻳﺒﺘﺪﺭﻭﻬﻧﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﻢ ﻳﻜﺘﺒﻬﺎ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -٩‬ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ‪:‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻷﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻛﻤـﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﺫﻻﻝ‬
‫ﻼ ﺑﺎﻷﺟﻮﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳋﻀﻮﻉ ﷲ – ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ – ﻟﺬﺍ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ ﳏﻤ ﹰ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺏ ‪ ...‬ﺗﺄﻣﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻌﻲ ﺫﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪:‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (٢٨٢/٢‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٣١٠/١‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪.(٢٨٤/٢‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٤٩‬‬

‫ﺃ( ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺡ )ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ(‪:‬‬
‫ﺠﺪُﻭﺍ ﻭَﺍ ْﻋﺒُـﺪُﻭﺍ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﻳﱡﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ َﺁ َﻣﻨُﻮﺍ ﺍ ْﺭ ﹶﻛﻌُﻮﺍ ﻭَﺍ ْﺳ ُ‬
‫َﺭﺑﱠ ﹸﻜ ْﻢ ﻭَﺍ ﹾﻓ َﻌﻠﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ َ‬
‫ﺨ ْﻴ َﺮ ﹶﻟ َﻌﻠﱠﻜﹸ ْﻢ ُﺗ ﹾﻔ ِﻠﺤُﻮ ﹶﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺞ‪.[٧٧ :‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ ﰲ ﺗﻔﺴﲑﻩ )‪ :(١‬ﹶﻟ َﻌﻠﱠﻜﹸ ْﻢ ﺗُ ﹾﻔ ِﻠﺤُـﻮ ﹶﻥ‪ ‬ﺃﻱ‬
‫ﻟﺘﺘﺄﻫﻠﻮﺍ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﻠﻔﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺿﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺤﻤﱠﺪٌ َﺭﺳُﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﱠ ِﻪ ﻭَﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ َﻣﻌَـ ُﻪ ﹶﺃﺷِـﺪﱠﺍﺀُ َﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ُ  :‬ﻣ َ‬
‫ﻀﻠﹰﺎ ﻣِـ َﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﱠـ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﻜﻔﱠﺎ ﹺﺭ ُﺭ َﺣﻤَﺎ ُﺀ َﺑ ْﻴَﻨ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﺗﺮَﺍ ُﻫ ْﻢ ُﺭﻛﱠﻌًﺎ ُﺳﺠﱠﺪًﺍ َﻳ ْﺒَﺘﻐُﻮ ﹶﻥ ﹶﻓ ْ‬
‫َﻭ ﹺﺭ ْ‬
‫ﺿﻮَﺍﻧًﺎ ﺳِﻴﻤَﺎ ُﻫ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ ُﻭﺟُﻮ ِﻫ ﹺﻬ ْﻢ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﹶﺃﹶﺛ ﹺﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﱡﺠُﻮ ِﺩ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ‪.[٢ :‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺪﻱ ﰲ ﺗﻔﺴﲑﻩ )‪ :(٢‬ﺳِﻴﻤَﺎ ُﻫ ْﻢ ﻓِﻲ ُﻭﺟُﻮ ِﻫ ﹺﻬ ْﻢ ِﻣ ْﻦ ﹶﺃﺛﹶـ ﹺﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﱡﺠُﻮ ِﺩ‪ ‬ﺃﻱ ﻗﺪ ﺃﺛﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺜﺮﻬﺗﺎ ﻭﺣﺴﻨﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻭﺟـﻮﻫﻬﻢ‬
‫ﺣﱴ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺑﻮﺍﻃﻨﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺭﺕ ﺑـﺎﳉﻼﻝ‬
‫ﻇﻮﺍﻫﺮﻫﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﺭﻓﻊ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻭﺣﻂ ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪» :‬ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺑﻜﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﻻ ﺗﺴﺠﺪ ﷲ‬
‫ﺳﺠﺪﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺭﻓﻌﻚ ﺍﷲ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻭﺣﻂ ﻋﻨﻚ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺔ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﺩ( ﻣﺮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪:‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺮ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺗﻴﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺪﻱ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٢٥٣/١‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٥٠‬‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﺭﺑﻴﻌﺔ ﺑﻦ ﻛﻌﺐ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﺑﻴﺖ ﻣـﻊ‬
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺂﺗﻴﻪ ﺑﻮﺿﻮﺋﻪ ﻭﺣﺎﺟﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﱄ‪» :‬ﺳﻠﲏ« ﻓﻘﻠـﺖ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﺳﺄﻟﻚ ﻣﺮﺍﻓﻘﺘﻚ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺃﻭ ﻏﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ؟« ﻗﻠﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻮ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻓﺄﻋﲏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ ﺑﻜﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻫـ( ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ‪ -‬ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪» :‬‬
‫ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺑﻪ – ﻋﺰﱠ ﻭﺟﻞﱠ – ﻭﻫﻮ ﺳﺎﺟﺪ ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮﻭﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ‪ » :‬ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ ﻓﺄﻛﺜﺮﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟـﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻓﻘﻤـﻦ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻳﺴﺘﺠﺎﺏ ﻟﻜﻢ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﻗﻤﻦ‪ :‬ﺟﺪﻳﺮ ﻭﺣﺮﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ » :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻳﺼﻠﻲ ﺃﺗﻰ ﺑﺬﻧﻮﺑـﻪ ﻛﻠـﻬﺎ‬
‫ﻓﻮﺿﻌﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺳﻪ ﻭﻋﺎﺗﻘﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﻛﻊ ﺃﻭ ﺳـﺠﺪ ﺗﺴـﺎﻗﻄﺖ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ«)‪.(٤‬‬
‫ﺯ( ﻻ ﺗﺄﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪» :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺣﺮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺄﻛﻞ ﺃﻋﻀـﺎﺀ‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٢٥٣/١‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٣٥٠/١‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(٤٧٩/٢٠٧) (٤٧٩/٢٠٨‬‬
‫)‪ (٤‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ )‪ (١٠/٣‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٥١‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻷﻥ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺇﺫﺍ ﱂ ﻳﺘﺐ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﳍﻢ ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺗﺮﺟﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻴﺌﺎﻬﺗﻢ ﻓﺈﻬﻧﻢ ﻳﻌﺬﺑﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺑﻘﺪﺭ ﺫﻧﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻟﻜﻦ ﺃﻋﻀـﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ ﳏﺘﺮﻣﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺄﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ )‪.(٢‬‬
‫‪ -١٠‬ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻬﺪ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺟ ٌﺮ ﺑﻌﺪﺩ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪:‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﺘﺠﻠﻰ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻬﺪ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﲨﻠﺔ ﺩﻋﺎﺋﻴـﺔ‬
‫»ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ« ﻭﺳﻂ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻬﺪ ﻓﺘﺄﻣـﻞ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻤﲏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻬﺪ – ﻛﻔﻲ ﺑﲔ ﻛﻔﻴﻪ – ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﻠﻤـﲏ ﺍﻟﺴـﻮﺭﺓ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‪» :‬ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻴﺎﺕ ﷲ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻴﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ‬
‫ﻭﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺎﺗﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ« ﻓﺈﻧﻜﻢ‬
‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﻠﺘﻤﻮﻫﺎ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺒﺪ ﷲ ﺻﺎﱀ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ »ﺃﺷـﻬﺪ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪًﺍ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺋﺺ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺁﻓﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻭﻟﻜﻞ ﻋﺒـﺎﺩ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺣﻴﻬﻢ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻴﺘﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻵﺩﻣـﻴﲔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﻦ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻧﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺆﺗﻴﻚ ﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﺑﻜﻞ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻤﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﲔ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪ (٨٠٦‬ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪.(١٨٢‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺡ ﺍﳌﻤﺘﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﻨﻊ ﺝ‪ ٣‬ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺜﻴﻤﲔ – ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ‪.-‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ )‪.(٨٣١‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٥٢‬‬

‫‪ -١١‬ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻬﺪ ﺍﻷﺧﲑ )ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪:(‬‬
‫ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﳏﻤﺪ ‪ ‬ﺃﺟﻮﺭ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﻭﺣﺴـﻨﺎﺕ ﻣﻀـﺎﻋﻔﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃ( ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺪﺍﺀ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ‪:‬‬
‫ﺼﻠﱡﻮ ﹶﻥ َﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱠﹺﺒﻲﱢ ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﻳﱡﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳ َﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ :‬ﹺﺇﻥﱠ ﺍﻟﻠﱠ َﻪ َﻭ َﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋ ﹶﻜَﺘﻪُ ُﻳ َ‬
‫ﺻﻠﱡﻮﺍ َﻋ ﹶﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ َﻭ َﺳﻠﱢﻤُﻮﺍ َﺗ ْ‬
‫َﺁ َﻣﻨُﻮﺍ َ‬
‫ﺴﻠِﻴﻤًﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ‪.[٥٦ :‬‬
‫ﺏ( ﻣﻀﺎﻋﻔﺔ ﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺃﺿﻌﺎﻑ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺻﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﺸﺮًﺍ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﺝ( ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺕ ‪ +‬ﳏﻮ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺳﻴﺌﺎﺕ )ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺎﺕ(‪:‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﷲ ﻟـﻪ ﻋﺸـﺮ‬
‫ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺕ«)‪ .(٢‬ﻭﰲ ﻟﻔﻆ‪»:‬ﻭﳏﺎ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺳـﻴﺌﺎﺕ«‪ .‬ﻭﰲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳـﺔ‪:‬‬
‫»ﻭﺣﻂ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺧﻄﻴﺌﺎﺕ«)‪.(٣‬‬
‫‪ -١٢‬ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‪:‬‬
‫ﻟﻮ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺇﻻ ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﻃﻦ ﺇﺟﺎﺑـﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻜﻔﺎﻧﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻷ ﱠﻥ ﺍﳌﺼﻠﻲ ﻣﻘﺒﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑـﻪ ﻭﻳﻨﺎﺟﻴـﻪ ﻓـﺪﻋﺎﺅﻩ ﺃﻭﱃ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﻟﻜﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺯﺍﻝ ﰲ ﺻﻼﺗﻪ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )‪ (٤٠٨‬ﻭﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ )‪.(١٥٣٠‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٣‬ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻛﻢ ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬

‫‪٥٣‬‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻗـﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺻـﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﻓﻠﻴﻘﻞ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻴﺎﺕ ﷲ ‪ «...‬ﻭﻓﻴﻪ‪» :‬ﰒ ﻟﻴﺘﺨﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺷﺎﺀ«‪ .‬ﻭﰲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ‪» :‬ﰒ ﻟﻴﺘﺨﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ«)‪.(١‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﺔ – ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ – ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﺮﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ :‬ﺃﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﺃﲰﻊ ﻗﺎﻝ‪» :‬ﺟﻮﻑ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﺑﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﻮﺑﺎﺕ«)‪.(٢‬‬
‫ﻭﺩﺑﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻳﻄﻠﻖ ﻏﺎﻟﺒًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‪.‬‬

‫)‪ (١‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫)‪ (٢‬ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ‪.‬‬




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