PublicationProjets2011 .pdf



Nom original: PublicationProjets2011.pdf

Ce document au format PDF 1.3 a été généré par Adobe InDesign CS5 (7.0.3) / Mac OS X 10.6.8 Quartz PDFContext, et a été envoyé sur fichier-pdf.fr le 20/10/2013 à 17:23, depuis l'adresse IP 81.13.x.x. La présente page de téléchargement du fichier a été vue 618 fois.
Taille du document: 27.4 Mo (67 pages).
Confidentialité: fichier public




Télécharger le fichier (PDF)










Aperçu du document


Faculté des géosciences et de l’environnement

le savoir vivant

décembre 2010

projet urbain
Propositions d’aménagement du PACA Bernex
Travaux des étudiants

Sous la direction de Nicole Surchat-Vial

Institut de géographie

Edition:
Impression:

Institut de Géographie de l’Université de
Lausanne, IGUL, décembre 2010.
Easy Document, 1440 Montagny-Chamard

MISE EN PAGE ET GRAPHISME:
MARTA ALONSO
Tirage:
100 exemplaires
Responsable:
Contact:

Nicole Surchat-Vial
Sandra Guinand
courriel : sandra.guinand@unil.ch

La publication de cette ouvrage a bénéficié d’un soutien financier de :

Observatoire universitaire
de la Ville et du
Développement durable

L’O BSERVATOIRE DE LA VILLE ET DU DÉVELOPPEMENT DURABLE, INSTITUT DE GÉOGRAPHIE
7961,;: <9)(05:

TABLE DES MATIÈRES >
Edito

1

bernexcellence

Intro
Enjeux
Principes stratégiques
Projet
Conclusion

entre ville et campagne

Intro
Enjeux
Principes stratégiques
Projet
Conclusion

bernex clean-tech

Intro
Enjeux
Principes stratégiques
Projet
Conclusion

assurer la transition

b2030

4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32

Intro
Enjeux
Principes stratégiques
Projet
Conclusion

34
36
38
40
42

Intro
Enjeux
Principes stratégiques
Projet
Conclusion

44
46
48
50
52

bernex panorama

Intro
Enjeux
Principes stratégiques
Projet
Conclusion

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,

54
56
58
60
62

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL



EDITO
+L JLZ PU[LYYVNH[PVUZ tTLYNLU[ KL UV\]LSSLZ ÄN\YLZ
K\ WYVÄS WYVMLZZPVUULS K\ M\[\Y NtVNYHWOL *LS\P JP
KVP[ n SH MVPZ v[YL \U ZWtJPHSPZ[L KHUZ S»HUHS`ZL K\
[LYYP[VPYL L[ WVS`]HSLU[ LU JL X\»PS LZ[ JHWHISL KL ZL
ZHPZPY K»\UL WLUZtL PU[LYKPZJPWSPUHPYL *»LZ[ JL WVZP
[PVUULTLU[ WYVMLZZPVUULS L[ PU[LSSLJ[\LS X\L UV\Z
LZZH`VUZ KL [YHUZTL[[YL KHUZ SL WYVNYHTTL HJH
KtTPX\L KL S»VYPLU[H[PVU LU ­ ,[\KLZ \YIHPULZ ® 3H
W\ISPJH[PVU KL JL ZLJVUK V\]YHNL KLZ [YH]H\_ KLZ
t[\KPHU[Z KL S»VYPLU[H[PVU LU ­,[\KLZ \YIHPULZ® K\
THZ[LY LU NtVNYHWOPL LZ[ S»VJJHZPVU KL YtP[tYLY SL
JVUZ[H[ WVY[t Z\Y SLZ t]VS\[PVUZ LU JV\YZ KHUZ SL
JOHTW KL SH NtVNYHWOPL \YIHPUL L[ KL S»\YIHUPZTL
L[ KL YtHMÄYTLY S»PU[LU[PVU KL YLUMVYJLY L[ KL X\HSPÄLY
LU WLYTHULUJL SH MVYTH[PVU KL UVZ t[\KPHU[Z

7YtZLU[H[PVU
3H YLJVTWVZP[PVU WLYTHULU[L KLZ WYVIStTH
[PX\LZ KL SH NtVNYHWOPL H TPZ JL[[L KLYUPuYL
n KPZ[HUJL KLZ JVTWHY[PTLU[HNLZ KPZJPWSP
UHPYLZ OHIP[\LSZ :H WYH[PX\L JV\YHU[L YLSu]L
THUPMLZ[LTLU[ K\ JYVPZLTLU[ KLZ ZH]VPYZ
HWWSPX\tZ H\ KPHNUVZ[PJ n S»t]HS\H[PVU L[ n
SH JVTWYtOLUZPVU KLZ [LYYP[VPYLZ *VTTLU[
HNPY Z\Y SLZ [LYYP[VPYLZ & *VTTLU[ YLUKYL SLZ
LZWHJLZ \YIHPUZ WS\Z K\YHISLZ & *VTTLU[ `
HTtSPVYLY SH X\HSP[t KL SH ]PL & 8\LSZ UV\]LH\_
ZH]VPYZ [OtVYPX\LZ L[ WYH[PX\LZ TVIPSPZLY &
8\LSZ TV`LUZ L[ V\[PSZ TL[[YL LU µ\]YL WV\Y
YtWVUKYL H\_ UV\]LH\_ ILZVPUZ LU TH[PuYL KL
WYVK\J[PVU L[ NLZ[PVU \YIHPUL &

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,

+\YHU[ S»HUUtL UV[YL MVYTH[PVU H t[t t]HS\tL
L[ LUZ\P[L JLY[PÄtL WHY S»(ZZVJPH[PVU PU[LYUH[PVUHSL
WV\Y SH 7YVTV[PVU KL S»,UZLPNULTLU[ L[ KL SH 9L
JOLYJOL LU (TtUHNLTLU[ L[ LU <YIHUPZTL (7,
9(< n UV[YL KLTHUKL *»LZ[ \UL IVUUL UV\]LSSL
X\P JVUMVY[L UVZ LMMVY[Z WHY \U YLNHYK L_[tYPL\Y L[
\UL L_WLY[PZL HWWYVMVUKPL 3H ]tYPÄJH[PVU KL SH
JVUMVYTP[t KL UVZ MVYTH[PVUZ H]LJ SLZ WYPUJPWLZ KL
SH *OHY[L KL S»(7,9(< H[[LZ[L KL SH X\HSP[t K\ WYVQL[
ZJPLU[PÄX\L L[ WtKHNVNPX\L L[ KL SH JVOtYLUJL KLZ
LUZLPNULTLU[Z WYVWVZtZ ,SSL [tTVPNUL tNHSLTLU[
KL SH WLY[PULUJL KL SH KtTHYJOL PU[LYKPZJPWSPUHPYL
LUNHNtL L[ KL S»HKtX\H[PVU KLZ Tt[OVKLZ K»LUZLP
NULTLU[ TPZLZ LU µ\]YL

0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

-2-

3LZ YtMtYLUJLZ JVUJLW[\LSSLZ SLZ WS\Z WYtNUHU[LZ
KL JL[[L MVYTH[PVU ZVU[ S»\YIHUPZTL K\YHISL L[
SH UV[PVU KL WYVQL[ \YIHPU 3»\YIHUPZTL K\YHISL
YLSu]L K»VWtYH[PVUZ JVTWSL_LZ X\P UtJLZZP[LU[
KLZ WPSV[HNLZ Z[Y\J[\YtZ L[ KLZ V\[PSZ KL NLZ[PVU
WHY[PJPWH[PMZ HKHW[tZ n \UL ]PZtL K»\UL NYHUKL
HTIP[PVU ! SH MHIYPJH[PVU KL SH X\HSP[t \YIHPUL WV\Y
[V\Z *LJP L_PNL \UL HWWYVJOL n SH MVPZ NSVIHSL L[
WYHNTH[PX\L KLZ LUQL\_ \YIHPUZ X\P LZ[ LU VW
WVZP[PVU H]LJ SLZ KtJV\WHNLZ [YHKP[PVUULSZ KLZ
ZH]VPYZ 3H TVU[tL LU W\PZZHUJL KLZ KtTHYJOLZ
WHY[PJPWH[P]LZ L[ KLZ WYtVJJ\WH[PVUZ tJVSVNPX\LZ
YLUK UtJLZZHPYL \UL UV\]LSSL HWWYVJOL K\ WYVQL[
\YIHPU 3L JYVPZLTLU[ KL JLZ KL\_ UV[PVUZ H]LJ
KLZ ZH]VPYZ NtVNYHWOPX\LZ L[ Tt[OVKVSVNPX\LZ
TPL\_ JVUZVSPKtZ KHUZ SH [YHKP[PVU KLZ ­ <YIHU
Z[\KPLZ ® H WLYTPZ KL KVUULY \UL JVUÄN\YH[PVU
UV\]LSSL n UV[YL LUZLPNULTLU[ 7VSP[VSVN\LZ PU
NtUPL\YZ HYJOP[LJ[LZ \YIHUPZ[LZ L[ ZVJPVSVN\LZ
]PLUULU[ LUYPJOPY UV[YL WYVNYHTTL 3L WHY[LUHYPH[
THPU[LUHU[ PUZ[P[\t LU[YL SLZ TPSPL\_ HJHKtTPX\LZ
L[ SLZ TPSPL\_ WYVMLZZPVUULSZ n S»tJOLSSL UH[PVUHSL
L[ PU[LYUH[PVUHSL [tTVPNUL KL SH UtJLZZP[t K\ KPH
SVN\L WV\Y YtÅtJOPY WLUZLY L[ MHIYPX\LY SH ]PSSL KL
KLTHPU 3H ]PZtL KL JVUZ[Y\J[PVU K»\UL J\S[\YL
HJHKtTPX\L L[ WYVMLZZPVUULSSL WHY[HNtL LZ[ \U
H_L THQL\Y KL SH MVYTH[PVU

3L WSHU K»t[\KLZ HJ[\LS LZ[ \U YLÅL[ KL JLZ KPMMt
YLU[Z HQ\Z[LTLU[Z 0S JOLYJOL n TPL\_ YtWVUKYL H\_
UV\]LSSLZ KLTHUKLZ JVSSLJ[P]LZ ! SLZ WYVISuTLZ
[LYYP[VYPH\_ ZVU[ WS\Z JVTWSL_LZ S»PU[LYKPZJPWSPUH
YP[t LZ[ KL]LU\L \UL L_PNLUJL WYH[PX\L THQL\YL
SLZ t]VS\[PVUZ [LYYP[VYPHSLZ ZVU[ WS\Z PUJLY[HPULZ
:L KLZZPUL HPUZP \UL K`UHTPX\L UV\]LSSL WV\Y SLZ
t[\KLZ LU NtVNYHWOPL L[ WV\Y SH X\HSPÄJH[PVU KLZ
t[\KPHU[Z n SL\Y LU[YtL KHUZ SL THYJOt K\ [YH]HPS

(\ ÄS K\ [LTWZ S»t]LU[HPS KLZ JVTWt[LUJLZ
Z»tSHYNP[ H\ ItUtÄJL K»\UL WLUZtL HUHS`[PX\L
THPZ H\ZZP WYVQLJ[\LSSL L[ K»\U YLUV\]LSSLTLU[
KLZ [LJOUPX\LZ KL [YHP[LTLU[ L[ KL YLWYtZLU
[H[PVU KL S»PUMVYTH[PVU NtVNYHWOPX\L 3»VYPLU
[H[PVU LU ­,[\KLZ \YIHPULZ® JOLYJOL HPUZP n
TL[[YL n KPZWVZP[PVU KLZ HKTPUPZ[YH[PVUZ W\
ISPX\LZ KLZ NLZ[PVUUHPYLZ L[ KLZ LU[YLWYPZLZ
WYP]tLZ KLZ WYH[PJPLUZ HYTtZ K»V\[PSZ X\P SL\Y
WLYTL[[LU[ KL WLUZLY K»t]HS\LY L[ K»HNPY Z\Y
KLZ JVUQVUJ[\YLZ [LYYP[VYPHSLZ JVTWSL_LZ
*L[[L ÅL_PIPSP[t HKHW[H[P]L LZ[ WYVWYL n \UL
KPZJPWSPUL X\P ZL YLJVUZ[P[\L LU WLYTHULUJL
n [YH]LYZ S»O`IYPKH[PVU KLZ ZH]VPYZ L[ KLZ ZH
]VPYZ MHPYL ,SSL LZ[ \U KLZ H[V\[Z THQL\YZ KL SH
NtVNYHWOPL MHJL n \U THYJOt K\ [YH]HPS KL WS\Z
LU WS\Z K`UHTPX\L L[ WVS`TVYWOL

*L[[L MVYTH[PVU ZL JVUJYt[PZL UV[HTTLU[ H]LJ
SH TPZL LU µ\]YL LU [YVPZPuTL ZLTLZ[YL K»\UL
t[\KL KL [LYYHPU TVIPSPZHU[ KLZ V\[PSZ K\ WYVQL[
5V\Z WYtZLU[VUZ KHUZ JL WL[P[ YLJ\LPS SLZ Yt
Z\S[H[Z KLZ WYVWVZP[PVUZ KL UVZ t[\KPHU[Z KHUZ
SL\Y KLYUPLY ZLTLZ[YL K»t[\KLZ 0SZ [tTVPNULU[
KLZ [YHUZMVYTH[PVUZ LU JV\YZ THPZ H\ZZP KL
S»LUNHNLTLU[ KLZ JHUKPKH[Z H\ KPWSTL KHUZ
SH THz[YPZL KLZ V\[PSZ KL S»\YIHUPZTL 3L WYV
QL[ \YIHPU [YHK\P[ L[ Z`U[Ot[PZL SLZ VYPLU[H[PVUZ
K»HTtUHNLTLU[ L[ SL\Y TPZL LU µ\]YL -VUKt
Z\Y \U KPHNUVZ[PJ K»\UL JVUQVUJ[\YL \YIHPUL
SL WYVQL[ YLJLUZL KLZ VIQLJ[PMZ K»HTtUHNL
TLU[ L[ JVUZ[P[\L \U YtMtYLU[ JVTT\U n [V\Z
SLZ HJ[L\YZ ! tS\Z OHIP[HU[Z [LJOUPJPLUZ

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

3LZ [YH]H\_ WYVWVZtZ L[ KPYPNtZ WHY 5PJVSL
:\YJOH[ =PHS *OLMML KL WYVQL[ K\ 7YVQL[ K»HN
NSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZ JOLY
JOHPLU[ n PKLU[PÄLY KLZ ZtX\LUJLZ \YIHPULZ
JVTWVZHU[ SL WtYPTu[YL K»HJ[PVU JVVYKVUUtL
7(*( KL SH JVTT\UL KL )LYUL_ 0S ` H]HP[
SPL\ K»PKLU[PÄLY SLZ KPMMtYLU[LZ JVTWVZHU[LZ KL
JL [LYYP[VPYL L[ KL SL\Y H[[YPI\LY \UL ]VJH[PVU
3»LU[YtL t[HP[ WH`ZHNuYL 4HPZ S»\YIHUPZTL
JVU[LTWVYHPU PTWSPX\L \U [YH]HPS Z\Y SLZ YLSH
[PVUZ JVTWSL_LZ LU[YL tJOLSSLZ L[ [LTWVYHSP[tZ
KLZ WYVQL[Z 0S Z»HNPZZHP[ H\ZZP KL JVTWYLUKYL SL
YSL KLZ [YHUZ]LYZHSP[tZ L[ K»tSHIVYLY \UL JVT
WVZP[PVU \YIHPUL K»LUZLTISL HZZPTPSHU[ KLZ
[OuTLZ LZZLU[PLSZ ! WH`ZHNL THPZ H\ZZP OHIP
[H[ TVIPSP[t [YHTL ]LY[L [V\[ LU Kt]LSVWWHU[
SL WV[LU[PLS K»\UL \YIHUPZH[PVU KLUZPÄt Z\Y SLZ
ZtX\LUJLZ KLZZLY]PLZ WHY KLZ [YHUZWVY[Z W\
ISPJZ 3LZ t[\KPHU[Z VU[ t[t JVUMYVU[tZ Z`Z[t
TH[PX\LTLU[ n \UL YtÅL_PVU Z\Y S»PTIYPJH[PVU
KLZ tJOLSSLZ L[ n SH UtJLZZP[t K»\UL KtÄUP[PVU
WYVQLJ[\LSSL JVU[L_[\HSPZtL HUJYtL KHUZ SLZ
YtHSP[tZ K\ [LYYP[VPYL 0SZ VU[ t[t JVUMYVU[tZ
H\_ Z[YH[tNPLZ KLZ HJ[L\YZ KLZ tS\Z SVJH\_
WPSV[LZ PUJVU[V\YUHISLZ K\ WYVQL[ \YIHPU L[
JL\_ KL SL\YZ WHY[LUHPYLZ T\S[PWSLZ JVUJLW
[L\YZ L[ THz[YLZ K»V\]YHNL PUKPZWLUZHISLZ
THPSSVUZ VWtYH[PVUULSZ KL SH MHIYPJH[PVU KL SH
]PSSL 3LZ [YH]H\_ WYtZLU[tZ PJP [tTVPNULU[ KL
SH YPJOLZZL KL S»tJOHUNL K»L_WtYPLUJLZ K\YHU[
SH JV\Y[L WtYPVKL KL [LTWZ K»\U ZLTLZ[YL
K»t[\KLZ *L ZVU[ JLZ tJOHUNLZ X\P SL\Y VU[
WLYTPZ KL JVUZ[Y\PYL KLZ ]PZPVUZ WLY[PULU[LZ
K\ [LYYP[VPYL KL SL\Y KVUULY MVYTL Z[Y\J[\YL
L[ ZLUZ

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



5V\Z YLTLYJPVUZ ]P]LTLU[ 4TL 5PJVSL :\Y
JOH[ =PHS WV\Y ZH JVSSHIVYH[PVU n SH MVYTH[PVU
KL UVZ t[\KPHU[Z L[ WV\Y S»LU[OV\ZPHZTL L[ SH
WHZZPVU X\»LSSL WHY]PLU[ n SL\Y JVTT\UPX\LY
,UÄU \U NYHUK TLYJP n UVZ t[\KPHU[Z WV\Y SL\Y
LUNHNLTLU[ KHUZ SH YtHSPZH[PVU KL JL WL[P[ YL
J\LPS KL SL\YZ [YH]H\_ KL ZLTLZ[YL

(U[VUPV +H *\UOH
:HUKYH .\PUHUK

0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

-4-

BERNEXCELLENCE
+V{UH ,TLY`
*V\YYPLS ! KVPUH LTLY`'\UPS JO
;OPIH\K .LPZLY

photo taille: 86x80mm
format TIFF

*V\YYPLS ! [OPIH\K NLPZLY'\UPS JO
4HYPL 3`ZL :L\YL[
*V\YYPLS ! THYPL S`ZL ZL\YL['\UPS JO
*SHYH ;OLU[a
*V\YYPLS ! JSHYH [OLU[a'\UPS JO
4H[OPL\ APUNN
*V\YYPLS ! TH[OPL\ aPUNN'\UPS JO

0U[YVK\J[PVU
3L WYVQL[ K»HTtUHNLTLU[ )LYUL?JLSSLUJL [YV\]L
ZVU VYPNPUL KHUZ SH ]VSVU[t KL MHPYL T\[LY )LYUL_
LU WSL YtNPVUHS KHUZ SL JHKYL K\ WYVQL[ K»HNNSV
TtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZL 0S Z»HNP[ LU LMML[
KL Z[PT\SLY SL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ tJVUVTPX\L KL JL[[L
SVJHSP[t LU YLUMVYsHU[ ZVU H[[YHJ[P]P[t L[ LU tSHYNPZ
ZHU[ ZVU YH`VUULTLU[ HÄU KL SH [YHUZMVYTLY LU \UL
]tYP[HISL ]PSSL
7V\Y S»OL\YL SL WSL WYPUJPWHS KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU
LZ[ SH ]PSSL KL .LUu]L ]LYZ SHX\LSSL JVU]LYNLU[
K»HIVUKHU[Z Å\_ X\V[PKPLUZ K»\UL WVW\SH[PVU ]VP
ZPUL ZV\OHP[HU[ WYVÄ[LY KLZ UVTIYL\_ LTWSVPZ L[
KL SH KP]LYZP[t K»VWWVY[\UP[tZ KL ZLY]PJLZ KL SVPZPYZ
L[ KL J\S[\YL KPZWLUZtZ KHUZ SH JP[t KL *HS]PU )LY
UL_ LZ[ NtVNYHWOPX\LTLU[ WL\ tSVPNUtL KL .LUu]L
THPZ LU LZ[ ZtWHYtL WHY \UL ]HZ[L WtUt[YHU[L ]LY[L
HPUZP X\L WHY S»H\[VYV\[L (

(J[\LSSLTLU[ LSSL UL ItUtÄJPL WHZ KL ZVU
YH`VUULTLU[ L[ J»LZ[ SL SVNLTLU[ X\P JVUZ[P[\L
ZH MVUJ[PVU THQL\YL 3H WYPVYP[t KLZ WVSP[PX\LZ
W\ISPX\LZ LZ[ KL JVUÄN\YLY \UL HNNSVTtYH[PVU
T\S[PWVSHPYL " KHUZ JL ZLUZ PS HWWHYHz[ LZZLU
[PLS KL [YH]HPSSLY Z\Y SL KtWSVPLTLU[ KL WSLZ
ZLJVUKHPYLZ *»LZ[ KHUZ S»VW[PX\L KL TL[[YL LU
µ\]YL SL WYPUJPWL KL T\S[PWVSHYP[t X\L SH ]PSSL KL
)LYUL_ H t[t KtZPNUtL JVTTL S»\U KLZ M\[\YZ
WSLZ ZLJVUKHPYLZ THQL\YZ KL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[
KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZL

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

3L WYVQL[ )LYUL?JLSSLUJL WYVWVZL KLZ ZVS\
[PVUZ K»HTtUHNLTLU[ [V\[ LU KP]LYZPÄHU[ SLZ
MVUJ[PVUUHSP[tZ KL )LYUL_ WV\Y [LUKYL ]LYZ JL[
VIQLJ[PM KL WVSHYPZH[PVU LU Z»HWW\`HU[ Z\Y SH
SPNUL KL [YHT LU JVUZ[Y\J[PVU HÄU KL YHWWYV
JOLY )LYUL_ KL .LUu]L 0S LZ[ n WYtJPZLY X\L
SLZ ZVS\[PVUZ tTPZLZ HJJVYKLU[ \UL H[[LU[PVU
WHY[PJ\SPuYL n HZZ\YLY SH YLWYVK\J[PVU JVUQVPU[L
KLZ [YVPZ WPSPLYZ K\ Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ K\YHISL X\L
ZVU[ SLZ ]VSL[Z tJVUVTPX\LZ ZVJPH\_ L[ LU]P
YVUULTLU[H\_ .SVIHSLTLU[ SL WYVQL[ Z»HWW\PL
Z\Y SH WYPZL LU JVTW[L KL WVPU[Z MVY[Z WYtL_PZ
[HU[Z HÄU KL SLZ ]HSVYPZLY L[ SLZ HTWSPÄLY 0S ]PZL
n YLUMVYJLY SL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ tJVUVTPX\L KL
)LYUL_ LU H\NTLU[HU[ SL UVTIYL K»LTWSVPZ
KHUZ SH JVTT\UL ZPT\S[HUtTLU[ H\ UVTIYL
KL SVNLTLU[Z [V\[ LU TPUPTPZHU[ S»LTWYPZL H\
ZVS KLZ UV\]LH\_ Io[PTLU[Z KHUZ JL[[L VW[PX\L
KL ]HSVYPZH[PVU KL SH UH[\YL L_PZ[HU[L WV\Y VMMYPY
H\_ M\[\YZ OHIP[HU[Z \U JHKYL KL ]PL KL X\HSP[t

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

-6-

,UQL\_
3L WYVQL[ [LYYP[VYPHS )LYUL?JLSSLUJL ZV\OHP[L
YLWSHJLY )LYUL_ KHUZ SL Z`Z[uTL KLZ ]PSSLZ KL
S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZL LU
YLUMVYsHU[ ZVU WV[LU[PLS K»H[[YHJ[P]P[t 5tHU
TVPUZ \U [LS JOHUNLTLU[ KL Z[H[\[ UL WL\[
Z»LMMLJ[\LY ZHUZ JVUQVPUKYL n SH KPTLUZPVU
tJVUVTPX\L SLZ HZWLJ[Z LU]PYVUULTLU[H\_
L[ ZVJPH\_ *LZ [YVPZ ]VSL[Z ZVU[ HZZVJPtZ H\_
WYPUJPWLZ K\ Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ \YIHPU K\YHISL
X\L ZVU[ UV[HTTLU[ SH KLUZPÄJH[PVU SH TP_P[t
MVUJ[PVUULSSL L[ SH TVIPSP[t KV\JL

K»VYKYL S»PU[LUZP[t \YIHPUL HÄU K»t]P[LY SL TP[HNL
K\ [LYYP[VPYL <U LU]PYVUULTLU[ JVUZ[Y\P[ KLUZL
WLYTL[ LU WS\Z KL WYtZLY]LY S»LU]PYVUULTLU[
UH[\YLS HSLU[V\Y KL YtZLY]LY LU[YL SLZ Io[PTLU[Z
Z\MÄZHTTLU[ K»LZWHJLZ X\P Z\ZJP[LYVU[ KLZ
\ZHNLZ KP]LYZ HSSHU[ K\ ZPTWSL LZWHJL W\ISPJ
n \U LZWHJL ]LY[ *LZ UtNH[PMZ KL MVYTLZ \Y
IHPULZ ZVU[ SH JSt K»\U JHKYL KL ]PL KL X\HSP[t
KVU[ WYVÄ[LYVU[ SLZ OHIP[HU[Z KLZ M\[\YZ X\HY
[PLYZ 3H KLUZP[t KLZ JVUZ[Y\J[PVUZ JVTTL LU
QL\ K\ WYVQL[ )LYUL?JLSSLUJL LZ[ t]PKLU[L

3L YLUMVYJLTLU[ KL S»H[[YHJ[P]P[t KL )LYUL_
WHZZL WHY S»PTWSHU[H[PVU KL UV\]LSSLZ MVUJ[PVUZ
tJVUVTPX\LZ ]HYPtLZ L[ ZWtJPHSPZtLZ HÄU KL
KVUULY n SH ]PSSL WYVQL[tL \UL PKLU[P[t WYVWYL
3H JYtH[PVU KL WVZ[LZ KL [YH]HPS KVP[ ZL MHPYL WH
YHSSuSLTLU[ n SH JVUZ[Y\J[PVU KL SVNLTLU[Z KL
THUPuYL n LUJV\YHNLY SLZ [YH]HPSSL\YZ n OHIP[LY
KHUZ SH JVTT\UL K\ SPL\ KL [YH]HPS L[ YtK\PYL
SL UVTIYL L[ SH KPZ[HUJL KLZ KtWSHJLTLU[Z
U\PZPISLZ H\[HU[ WV\Y SH X\HSP[t KL S»HPY X\L SH
X\HSP[t ZVUVYL 0S Z»HNP[ PJP KL MH]VYPZLY SH TP_P[t
MVUJ[PVUULSSL HÄU KL YHJJV\YJPY SLZ KPZ[HUJLZ
LU[YL SLZ SPL\_ KL ]PL X\V[PKPLUZ ,U JL ZLUZ
SH TP_P[t MVUJ[PVUULSSL HWWHYHz[ JVTTL \U KtÄ
WV\Y SL WYVQL[ )LYUL?JLSSLUJL

3L KLYUPLY NYHUK LUQL\ KL )LYUL?JLSSLUJL LZ[
S»LUJV\YHNLTLU[ KL SH TVIPSP[t KV\JL WV\Y
HTtSPVYLY SL JHKYL KL ]PL L[ YtK\PYL SLZ U\P
ZHUJLZ SPtLZ H\ [YHÄJ TLZ\Yt Z\Y SH YV\[L KL
*OHUJ` 3L WYVQL[ WV\YYH JVTW[LY Z\Y SH SPNUL
KL [YHT LU JVUZ[Y\J[PVU WV\Y KPTPU\LY LU WHY
[PL SLZ KtWSHJLTLU[Z H\[VTVIPSLZ LU KPYLJ[PVU
KL .LUu]L ;V\[LMVPZ K»H\[YLZ TV`LUZ KL]YVU[
v[YL TPZ LU µ\]YL WV\Y LUJV\YHNLY SL YLWVY[
TVKHS ]LYZ KLZ [YHUZWVY[Z WS\Z K\YHISLZ X\L SH
]VP[\YL PUKP]PK\LSSL WV\Y SLZ KtWSHJLTLU[Z ]LYZ
.LUu]L L[ H\ ZLPU KL )LYUL_

*LWLUKHU[ SH YtHSPZH[PVU KLZ VIQLJ[PMZ K\
7(*( )LYUL_ WtYPTu[YL K»HTtUHNLTLU[ JVVY
KVUUt K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU KL JYtLY KLZ LTWSVPZ
L[ KL KV\ISLY SH WVW\SH[PVU KL SH SVJHSP[t ZL KVP[
K»HU[PJPWLY SLZ PTWHJ[Z X\L SH UV\]LSSL \YIHUP
ZH[PVU PUK\PYH Z\Y S»LU]PYVUULTLU[ ,U LMML[ SL
WtYPTu[YL JVUJLYUt WHY S»HTtUHNLTLU[ n ]L
UPY t[HU[ HJ[\LSSLTLU[ HMMLJ[t n S»HNYPJ\S[\YL PS
JVU]PLU[ KL SPTP[LY H\ TH_PT\T S»t[HSLTLU[ \Y
IHPU +L MHsVU n NHYHU[PY \UL \[PSPZH[PVU TLZ\
YtL K\ ZVS )LYUL?JLSSLUJL ZL KVUUL WV\Y TV[

3H YtHSPZH[PVU JVVYKVUUtL KL JLZ LUQL\_ LZ[
SH JVUKP[PVU UtJLZZHPYL WV\Y MHPYL KL )LYUL_ \U
WSL ZLJVUKHPYL YPJOL LU VWWVY[\UP[tZ KL ]PL L[
YLZWLJ[\L\_ KL S»LU]PYVUULTLU[

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



-8-

0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

7YPUJPWLZ LZ[YH[tNPX\LZ! UH[\YL ZHU[t
L[ JLU[YHSP[tZ

VMMYPY n SH WVW\SH[PVU KLZ SVNLTLU[Z KL NYHUKL
X\HSP[t

3LZ LUQL\_ tUVUJtZ PS Z»HNP[ K»t[HISPY SLZ WYPUJPWLZ
Z[YH[tNPX\LZ X\P VYPLU[LU[ SL WYVQL[ 3»tSHIVYH[PVU
K\ WYVQL[ )LYUL?JLSSLUJL H t[t N\PKtL WHY \U tSt
TLU[ WYtWVUKtYHU[ n ZH]VPY SH UH[\YL L_PZ[HU[L 0S
JVU]PLU[ KL WYtZLY]LY L[ KL ]HSVYPZLY JL[ tStTLU[
KHUZ S»VW[PX\L KL TL[[YL LU t]PKLUJL S»L_JLSSLU[L
X\HSP[t KL ]PL KVU[ ItUtÄJPL SL WtYPTu[YL K»HTtUH
NLTLU[ 7V\Y KVUULY KH]HU[HNL KL WVPKZ n JL[[L
[OtTH[PX\L SL WYVQL[ [LYYP[VYPHS SH JV\WSL H]LJ JLSSL
KL SH ZHU[t
7HYTP SLZ tStTLU[Z n WYtZLY]LY ZL [YV\]L SL 7HYJ
KLZ ,]H\_ X\P ZLYH [YHUZMVYTt LU ]tYP[HISL WHYJ
K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU HJJLZZPISL LU I\Z L[ WHY KLZ JOL
TPUZ HTtUHNtZ KLW\PZ )LYUL_ L[ .LUu]L +HUZ
SL ZLUZ Vƒ PS LUNSVILYH SLZ IVPZ HSLU[V\YZ ZH Z\Y
MHJL ZLYH YL]\L n SH OH\ZZL ( S»PU[tYPL\Y KL JL[[L
LZWHJL SL JLU[YL *YLZZ` :HU[t ZLYH Kt]LSVWWt
HÄU K»LU MHPYL \U WSL KHUZ SL KVTHPUL 3»VMMYL KL
ZLY]PJLZ KL JL JLU[YL ZLYH t[VMMtL WV\Y YtWVUKYL n
SH KLTHUKL KL SH WVW\SH[PVU L[ SLZ KL\_ ,4: KL
)LYUL_ HUJPLU L[ UV\]LH\ ZLYVU[ LU SPLU JVUZ[HU[
H]LJ *YLZZ` :HU[t
3LZ IVYKZ K\ 9OUL ZLYVU[ H\ZZP YL]HSVYPZtZ WV\Y
WYVÄ[LY H\ TH_PT\T KL SH X\HSP[t KL ]PL VMMLY[L WHY
JL[ LZWHJL 3L KtIHYJHKuYL ZLYH YtOHIPSP[t WV\Y
v[YL n UV\]LH\ L_WSVP[t
+HUZ JL[[L TvTL aVUL L[ HÄU KL YtWVUKYL n S»PT
WtYH[PM KL KLUZPÄJH[PVU )LYUL?JLSSLUJL WYt]VP[
S»PTWSHU[H[PVU K»\U tJVX\HY[PLY LU IVYK\YL K\ WHYJ
KLZ ,]H\_ +L JL[[L THUPuYL S»LZWHJL ZLYH KLUZP
Ät [V\[ LU ]LPSSHU[ n UL WHZ KtNYHKLY SL JHKYL KL
]PL L_JLW[PVUULS MV\YUP WHY SL WHYJ KLZ ,]H\_ L[ n

*LZ [YVPZ tStTLU[Z MVYTLYVU[ \U [V\[ L[ ZVU[
IPLU YLSPtZ LU[YL L\_ WHY KLZ ]VPLZ YtZLY]tLZ
H\_ WPt[VUZ
3H [OtTH[PX\L KL SH ZHU[t L[ KL SH X\HSP[t KL ]PL
LZ[ Kt]LSVWWtL H\ KLSn KL JLZ LZWHJLZ (PUZP
SLZ MVYTH[PVUZ WYVWVZtLZ WHY SH /,: ZP[\tL n
S»V\LZ[ KL S»H\[VYV\[L ZLYVU[ ZWtJPHSPZtLZ KHUZ
SL KVTHPUL KL SH ZHU[t 7HY HPSSL\YZ SL WSL KL
YLJOLYJOL WYtZLU[ KHUZ SL TvTL ZLJ[L\Y ZLYH
tNHSLTLU[ HJ[PM KHUZ JL KVTHPUL *LZ KL\_
PUMYHZ[Y\J[\YLZ MVYTLYVU[ \U ]tYP[HISL JHTW\Z
KtKPt n SH ZHU[t
0S KL]PLUKYH WVZZPISL KL YLSPLY JLZ KL\_ NYHUKZ
LZWHJLZ KtKPtZ n SH ZHU[t WHY SH ]VPL ]LY[L
WYPUJPWHSL +L WS\Z SH JtZ\YL ]LY[L UVYK Z\K
n WYV_PTP[t KL S»H\[VYV\[L JYtL \UL JVU[PU\P[t
LU[YL JLZ KL\_ LZWHJLZ L[ SPTP[L S»LMML[ KL Y\W
[\YL K„ n S»H\[VYV\[L (PUZP WS\ZPL\YZ JLU[YHSP[tZ
ZLYVU[ JYttLZ L[ YLSPtLZ LU[YL LSSLZ
3»HJJLU[ TPZ Z\Y SH ZHU[t WLYTL[ KL MHPYL KL
)LYUL_ \UL JLU[YHSP[t YtNPVUHSL H[[YHJ[P]L *L
WLUKHU[ PS U»LZ[ WHZ Z\MÄZHU[ WV\Y [YHUZMVYTLY
)LYUL_ LU ]tYP[HISL JLU[YL ZLJVUKHPYL *»LZ[
WV\YX\VP KL UV\]LSSLZ JLU[YHSP[tZ ZVU[ JYttLZ
HÄU X\»LSSLZ WHY[PJPWLU[ n SH T\[H[PVU KL )LYUL_
LU WSL YtNPVUHS K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU
<U JVUJLW[ KL THYRL[PUN \YIHPU ]LU[HU[ SH
X\HSP[t K\ JHKYL KL ]PL ZLYH TPZ LU WSHJL WV\Y
MHPYL YH`VUULY )LYUL_ LU KLOVYZ KL ZLZ SPTP[LZ
HKTPUPZ[YH[P]LZ H\WYuZ KL WV[LU[PLSZ M\[\YZ OH
IP[HU[Z L[ LU[YLWYPZLZ

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 10 -

7YVQL[
3L WYVQL[ )LYUL?JLSSLUJL Z»H[[HJOL n JYtLY KL UV\
]LSSLZ JLU[YHSP[tZ KHUZ SL WtYPTu[YL K»HTtUHNL
TLU[ 3LZ JLU[YHSP[tZ ]LY[LZ ZLYVU[ KLZ[PUtLZ H\_
SVPZPYZ H\ ZWVY[ L[ n SH Kt[LU[L +L\_ WHYJZ \YIHPUZ
Z»PTWSHU[LYVU[ S»\U n S»V\LZ[ WYuZ K\ JLU[YL ZWVY[PM
S»H\[YL n S»LZ[ WYVJOL KLZ tJVSLZ L[ H\YVU[ WV\Y I\[
KL TL[[YL LU JVU[HJ[ SH WVW\SH[PVU H]LJ SH UH[\YL
<U JLU[YL KL ]LU[L KPYLJ[L KL WYVK\P[Z SVJH\_ ZLYH
PUZ[HSSt WYuZ KLZ QHYKPUZ MHTPSPH\_ X\P ZLYVU[ HNYHU
KPZ HÄU KL YtWVUKYL n SH KLTHUKL KL SH WVW\SH[PVU
NYHUKPZZHU[L 7S\ZPL\YZ JLU[YHSP[tZ YLSH[P]LZ n SH MVY
TH[PVU tJVSLZ WYPTHPYLZ L[ ZLJVUKHPYLZ N`TUHZL
OH\[L tJVSL WYLUKYVU[ WSHJL n WYV_PTP[t K»LZWHJLZ
]LY[Z MH]VYPZHU[ SH TVIPSP[t KV\JL <U JLU[YL ZWVY
[PM \U JLU[YL J\S[\YLS L[ K»H\[YLZ HJ[P]P[tZ KL SVPZPYZ
Z»PTWSHU[LYVU[ KL MHsVU n t]P[LY SLZ U\PZHUJLZ WV\Y
SLZ YP]LYHPUZ +LZ LZWHJLZ KtKPtZ H\ JVTTLYJL
JLU[YL JVTTLYJPHS Z\WLYTHYJOt Y\L THYJOHUKL
L[J ZLYVU[ HTtUHNtZ LU KP]LYZ SPL\_

YH ZH MYtX\LUJL HTtSPVYtL 3H SPNUL K\ ;*6)
LU WYV]LUHUJL KL .LUu]L ZLYH WYVSVUNtL KL
ZP_ HYYv[Z SL SVUN KL SH YV\[L KL *OHUJ` WV\Y
LUJV\YHNLY S»\[PSPZH[PVU KLZ ;7 KLW\PZ )LYUL_
*L[[L KLYUPuYL LZ[ WLUZtL LU ZP[L WYVWYL WV\Y
H[[tU\LY SLZ U\PZHUJLZ SPtLZ H\ IY\P[ 3L [YHT
JPYJ\SLYH H\ JLU[YL KL SH YV\[L L[ ZLYH LU[V\Yt
WHY KL\_ ]VPLZ KL JPYJ\SH[PVU SPTP[tLZ n RT O
[V\[ JVTTL SH YV\[L K»(PYL SH =PSSL [HUKPZ X\L
SLZ YV\[LZ PU[LYULZ H\ UV\]LH\ X\HY[PLY ZLYVU[
n RT O 3H YV\[L KL JVU[V\YULTLU[ H\ UVYK
ZLYH YtZLY]tL H\_ JHTPVUZ ZL KPYPNLHU[ ]LYZ SLZ
NYH]PuYLZ L[ KtJOHYNLZ

<U YtZLH\ KL TVIPSP[t t[VMMt MLYH SL SPLU LU[YL JLZ
JLU[YHSP[tZ L[ LU[YL )LYUL_ L[ SLZ JVTT\ULZ HSLU
[V\Y *L YtZLH\ KVUULYH SH WYPVYP[t H\_ ]VPLZ ]LY[LZ
WYt]\LZ WV\Y \UL JVOHIP[H[PVU LU[YL J`JSPZ[LZ L[
WPt[VUZ ! \UL ]VPL ]LY[L WYPUJPWHSL K»H_L LZ[ V\LZ[
YLSPHU[ )LYUL_ n .LUu]L L[ YLQVPNUHU[ JPUX ]VPLZ ZL
JVUKHPYLZ K»H_L UVYK Z\K WLYTL[[HU[ \UL TLPSSL\YL
JVUUL_PVU IPVSVNPX\L LU[YL SL UVYK L[ SL Z\K KL SH
YV\[L KL *OHUJ` 3H TVIPSP[t KV\JL ZLYH H\ZZP LU
JV\YHNtL WHY KLZ Z[H[PVUZ KL ]tSVZ KV\aL LU SPIYL
ZLY]PJL KLZ WHYRPUNZ ]tSVZ H\_ HYYv[Z K\ ;*6) L[
\U )PRL 9HPS

3L UV\]LS HTtUHNLTLU[ WYt]VP[ KL SVNLY WS\Z
KL » OHIP[HU[Z KHUZ KLZ Io[PTLU[Z KL [`
WVSVNPL KP]LYZL KL 9 n 9 0S WLYTL[[YH \UL
\[PSPZH[PVU TLZ\YtL K\ ZVS LTWYPZL H\ ZVS KL
KLUZP[t UL[[L K»OHIP[HU[Z KL OHI OH
3LZ Io[PTLU[Z SLZ WS\Z tSL]tZ SVUNLYVU[ SH YV\[L
KL *OHUJ` JLWLUKHU[ WV\Y UL WHZ LUJV\YH
NLY S»t[HSLTLU[ \YIHPU KHUZ \U M\[\Y WYVJOL WHY
KLZ THPZVUZ PUKP]PK\LSSLZ SLZ TVPUZ tSL]tZ UL
MLYVU[ WHZ MHJL H\_ aVULZ HNYPJVSLZ

+P]LYZ TV`LUZ THYX\HNL H\ ZVS Yt[YtJPZZL
TLU[ L[ Z\YtSt]H[PVU KL JOH\ZZtL H\_ LU[YtLZ
KL )LYUL_ ZLYVU[ TPZ LU µ\]YL KHUZ JLY[HPULZ
Y\LZ HÄU KL YtK\PYL SH ]P[LZZL L[ SPTP[LY SLZ HJJP
KLU[Z

(ÄU KL KLZZLY]PY SL UV\]LH\ X\HY[PLY L[ YLSPLY KL
THUPuYL VW[PTHSL )LYUL_ H\_ H\[YLZ JVTT\ULZ
KL UV\]LSSLZ SPNULZ KL I\Z ZLYVU[ JYttLZ L[ SH
SPNUL L_PZ[HU[L JVUULJ[HU[ SL ;*6) H\ *,=( ]LY

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

photo taille: 184x 171 mm
format TIFF

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 12 -

*VUJS\ZPVUZ
)LYUL?JLSSLUJL LZ[ \U WYVQL[ X\P WV\YYHP[ v[YL X\HSP
Ät KL ­ -\SS ;PTL 9LZPKLU[ ® H\ ZLUZ KL SH KtÄUP[PVU
KtYP]tL KLZ YtÅL_PVUZ KL 9LT 2VVSOHHZ L[ 1HJVI
=HU 9PQZ 7HY JL JVUJLW[ PSZ LU[LUKLU[ \U LZWHJL
X\P TtSHUNL SLZ \ZHNLZ L[ X\P WLYTL[ KL JVTIPULY
SL [YH]HPS S»OHIP[H[ SH ]PL ZVJPHSL 3LZ KPMMtYLU[Z SPL\_
KL ]PL X\V[PKPLUZ ZVU[ YLNYV\WtZ Z\Y \U WtYPTu[YL
YLZ[YLPU[ *L[[L WYV_PTP[t KLZ VWWVY[\UP[tZ LZ[ SH JSt
K»\UL ]PSSL K\YHISL L[ WHY[PJPWL tNHSLTLU[ n YLUMVY
JLY SH JVOtZPVU ZVJPHSL n Kt]LSVWWLY \U ZLU[PTLU[
K»HWWHY[LUHUJL n )LYUL_ X\P LU ZVP[ JYtL SH ]PSSL
ZVU PKLU[P[t L[ WLYTL[ ZVU HWWYVWYPH[PVU
3LZ T\S[PWSLZ VWWVY[\UP[tZ WYtZLU[LZ n )LYUL_ ]PL
[YH]HPS SVPZPYZ LU MVU[ \U SPL\ KL TP_P[t MVUJ[PVUULSSL
WHY]LUHU[ n SPTP[LY SLZ KtWSHJLTLU[Z

3L WYVQL[ )LYUL?JLSSLUJL \UL MVPZ TPZ LU
µ\]YL )LYUL_ WV\YYH ZL [HYN\LY K»VMMYPY n ZLZ
OHIP[HU[Z [V\Z SLZ ZLY]PJLZ KL SH ]PL X\V[PKPLUUL
UtJLZZHPYLZ ZHUZ H]VPY n ZL YLUKYL n .LUu]L
THPZ LU YLZ[HU[ JVUULJ[tZ KL THUPuYL LMÄJHJL
H\ WSL WYPUJPWHS KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU 3»HJJLU[
TPZ Z\Y SLZ ]VPLZ ]LY[LZ KPZWLUZL H\_ OHIP[HU[Z
SH WVZZPIPSP[t KL YLSPLY SLZ T\S[PWSLZ JLU[YHSP[tZ
LU TVKL KV\_
3L WYVQL[ )LYUL?JLSSLUJL WHY SH KLUZPÄJH[PVU
X\»PS WYVTL\[ SH TVIPSP[t KV\JL X\»PS LUJV\
YHNL SH TP_P[t MVUJ[PVUULSSL X\»PS t[HISP[ [LUK
YtZVS\TLU[ n MHPYL KL )LYUL_ \UL ]PSSL K\YHISL

7HY HPSSL\YZ SLZ Z[Y\J[\YLZ K»HJJ\LPS WYVWVZtLZ
,4: tJVSLZ L[J KVUULU[ \UL KPTLUZPVU PU[LYNt
UtYH[PVUULSSL PU[tYLZZHU[L n SH UV\]LSSL ]PSSL " L[ S»VU
WL\[ KVUJ Z»H[[LUKYL n \UL KP]LYZP[t K»OHIP[HU[Z MH
TPSSLZ WLYZVUULZ oNtLZ t[\KPHU[Z *LZ tStTLU[Z
VU[ WV\Y JVUZtX\LUJLZ LU[YL H\[YLZ \UL WYVIHISL
IHPZZL KL S»PZVSLTLU[ JOLa SLZ WLYZVUULZ oNtLZ
\UL H\NTLU[H[PVU KL SH ZVSPKHYP[t LU[YL NtUtYH[PVUZ
L[ OHIP[HU[Z \U K`UHTPZTL HPUZP X\»\UL ]PL ZVJPHSL
HUPTtL H\ ZLPU KL SH JVTT\UL *L Kt]LSVWWLTLU[
WLYTL[ LU V\[YL KL YtVYPLU[LY S»PKLU[P[t KL SH JVT
T\UL *LWLUKHU[ JL[[L PKLU[P[t UL WL\[ ]VPY SL QV\Y
X\»n [YH]LYZ S»HKOtZPVU KLZ JP[V`LUZ H\_ JVUJLW[Z
L[ WYVQL[Z WVY[tZ WV\Y L[ WHY SL\Y JVTT\UL

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 14 -

ENTRE VILLE ET CAMPAGNE
0UaH +VZZV
*V\YYPLS ! 0UaH +VZZV'\UPS JO
1\SPLU *VPUJOVU
*V\YYPLS ! 1\SPLU *VPUJOVU'\UPS JO
4\YPLS )LJLYYH
*V\YYPLS ! 4\YPLS )LJLYYH '\UPS JO
7H[YPJPH .VTLa =LZNH
*V\YYPLS ! 7H[YPJPH .VTLa=LZNH'\UPS JO
9HMMHLSL (UKYHUP
*V\YYPLS ! 9HMMHLSL (UKYHUP'\UPS JO

0U[YVK\J[PVU
3H TPZL LU µ\]YL K\ WYVQL[ K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHU
JV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZL \UL HNNSVTtYH[PVU [YHUZMYVU
[HSPuYL X\P ZL ]L\[ JVTWHJ[L T\S[PWVSHPYL L[ ]LY[L
WHZZL WHY SH WYVWVZP[PVU KL ZVS\[PVUZ JVUJYu[LZ
K»HTtUHNLTLU[ n [YH]LYZ SLZ 7(*( WtYPTu[YLZ
K»HTtUHNLTLU[ JVVYKVUUtZ K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU
KVU[ JLSSL KL )LYUL_
,U LMML[ )LYUL_ WVZZtKHU[ \U WV[LU[PLS KL Kt]L
SVWWLTLU[ PTWVY[HU[ KL WHY ZH WVZP[PVU L[ KL SH
KPZWVUPIPSP[t KL [LYYHPUZ KVP[ KL]LUPY \U KLZ M\[\YZ
JLU[YLZ YtNPVUH\_ KL SH ­ Tt[YVWVSL .LUu]L ® H]LJ
\U HJJYVPZZLTLU[ KL WS\Z KL » OHIP[HU[Z L[
» LTWSVPZ n S»OVYPaVU

=VPLZ ]LY[LZ WtUt[YHU[LZ

)LYUL_ LZ[ H\QV\YK»O\P \UL JVTT\UL Y\YHSL
KVU[ SH Z\WLYÄJPL HNYPJVSL YLWYtZLU[L
KL SH Z\WLYÄJPL [V[HSL KL SH JVTT\UL L[
KL SH Z\YMHJL [V[HSL HNYPJVSL K\ JHU[VU KL .L
Uu]L 0S ]H ZHUZ KPYL X\L SH M\[\YL \YIHUPZH[PVU
YVNULYH Z\Y S»LZWHJL HNYPJVSL 0S LZ[ WHY JVUZt
X\LU[ PTWtYH[PM KL ]HSVYPZLY JLZ [LYYLZ HYHISLZ
Kt[V\YUtLZ KL S»HNYPJ\S[\YL WHY \UL KLUZP[t
MVY[L K»OHIP[H[PVU L[ K»LTWSVP

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

+L WHY ZH WVZP[PVU K»LU[YtL n S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU
NLUL]VPZL )LYUL_ LZ[ JVUMYVU[tL n \U WYV
ISuTL KL [YHUZP[ KLZ ]tOPJ\SLZ PUKP]PK\LSZ X\P
VJJHZPVUULU[ KLZ IV\JOVUZ H\_ QVUJ[PVUZ H\
[VYV\[PuYLZ Z\Y[V\[ H\_ OL\YLZ KL WVPU[LZ <UL
ZVS\[PVU K\YHISL n JL[ LMML[ Z»H]uYL UtJLZZHPYL
5V[YL WYVQL[ ­)LYUL_ LU[YL ]PSSL L[ JHTWHNUL®
HTIP[PVUUL KL MHPYL KL )LYUL_ \U ]tYP[HISL
JLU[YL YtNPVUHS ]LY[ K`UHTPX\L L[ K\YHISL [V\[
LU YLZWLJ[HU[ SLZ JYP[uYLZ LU]PYVUULTLU[H\_ L[
WH`ZHNLYZ 3H YtHSPZH[PVU KL JL KLZZLPU WHZZL
WHY WS\ZPL\YZ HJ[PVUZ JVUJLY[tLZ UV[HTTLU[ SH
OPtYHYJOPZH[PVU KLZ ]VPLZ KL JVTT\UPJH[PVU
SH KLUZPÄJH[PVU KL SH aVUL ]PSSH SL SVUN KL SH
YV\[L KL *OHUJ` SH X\HSPÄJH[PVU KLZ LZWHJLZ
W\ISPJZ SH JVUUL_PVU KLZ WHYJZ \YIHPUZ L[ SH
TPZL LU ]HSL\Y KLZ YLZZV\YJLZ SVJHSLZ (\ZZP
UV[YL WYVQL[ WYVWVZL [ PS \U tX\PSPIYL LU[YL OHIP
[H[Z LTWSVPZ L[ ZLY]PJLZ WV\Y X\L )LYUL_ UL
ZVP[ WHZ \UL ­ JP[t KVY[VPY ®

3tNLUKL !
*VUJLW[LZ K\ WYVQL[! ­)LYUL_ LU[YL ]PSSL L[ JHTWHNUL®

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 16 -

,UQL\_
3H JVTT\UL KL )LYUL_ ZL ]VP[ JVUMYVU[tL n
KP]LYZ LUQL\_ WV\Y S»H]LUPY 5V[YL WYVQL[ SLZ Kt
JV\WL LU X\H[YL JH[tNVYPLZ X\LSX\L WL\ SPtLZ !
SH JLU[YHSP[t S»\YIHUPZH[PVU SL JV\WSL TVIPSP[t
L[ [YHUZWVY[ L[ S»LU]PYVUULTLU[
)LYUL_ LZ[ \U ]PSSHNL Y\YHS ZP[\t n S»L_[YtTP[t K\
7(*( X\P WVY[L ZVU UVT :H IVUUL SVJHSPZH[PVU
L[ ZVU Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ M\[\Y KVP]LU[ WLYTL[[YL n
SH JVTT\UL KL KL]LUPY \UL JLU[YHSP[t YtNPVUHSL
[V\[ LU SPTP[HU[ S»t[HSLTLU[ \YIHPU *L[[L UV\
]LSSL JLU[YHSP[t NHYHU[P[ \U KtZLUNVYNLTLU[ KL
SH ]PSSL KL .LUu]L LU [LYTLZ KL TVIPSP[t L[ KL
[LYYP[VPYLZ KLZ[PUtZ H\_ HJ[P]P[tZ tJVUVTPX\LZ
H\_ tX\PWLTLU[Z L[ H\_ SVNLTLU[Z

)LYUL_ LZ[ HJ[\LSSLTLU[ \UL JVTT\UL Y\YHSL
0S Z»HNP[ K»\UL JHYHJ[tYPZ[PX\L n NHYKLY HÄU K»HZ
Z\YLY H\_ OHIP[HU[Z \UL X\HSP[t KL ]PL VW[PTHSL
3H X\HSP[t KL ]PL KLZ OHIP[HU[Z KVP[ tNHSLTLU[
v[YL NHYHU[PL NYoJL H\_ LZWHJLZ W\ISPJZ KL
X\HSP[t L[ ZP[\tZ HKtX\H[LTLU[ Z\Y SL [LYYP[VPYL
KL SH JVTT\UL
7HY HPSSL\YZ SL THPU[PLU KL S»PKLU[P[t KL )LYUL_
WHZZL H\ZZP WHY SH JVUZLY]H[PVU KLZ [LYYHPUZ
HNYPJVSLZ L[ MVYLZ[PLYZ

+LZ[PUtL n HJJ\LPSSPY WS\Z KL OHIP[HU[Z
SH JVTT\UL KL )LYUL_ KVP[ \[PSPZLY SL ZVS KPZ
WVUPISL H]LJ WHYJPTVUPL JHY PS Z»HNP[ K»\UL YLZ
ZV\YJL YHYL ;V\[LMVPZ PS MH\[ tNHSLTLU[ HZZ\YLY
\UL TP_P[t MVUJ[PVUULSSL L[ ZVJPHSL YtWVUKHU[
H\_ WYPUJPWLZ K\ Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ K\YHISL
*LZ WYPUJPWLZ WLYTL[[LU[ K»HTtSPVYLY SLZ PU[L
YHJ[PVUZ ZVJPHSLZ H\ ZLPU KL SH JVTT\UL +L
WS\Z SH WYV_PTP[t KLZ HJ[P]P[tZ L[ tX\PWLTLU[Z
YtK\P[Z SLZ KtWSHJLTLU[Z
,U [LYTLZ KL TVIPSP[t S»LUQL\ WYPUJPWHS LZ[ SH
THP[YPZL K\ [YHÄJ YV\[PLY L[ LU WHY[PJ\SPLY JLS\P
KLZ [YHUZWVY[Z PUKP]PK\LSZ TV[VYPZtZ (PUZP PS
LZ[ PTWVY[HU[ KL JYtLY KLZ PUMYHZ[Y\J[\YLZ KL
[YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ WLYMVYTHU[LZ L[ KL MH]V
YPZLY SH TVIPSP[t KV\JL 3»LUQL\ Z\WWStTLU
[HPYL LZ[ tNHSLTLU[ KL YtK\PYL SLZ U\PZHUJLZ
SPtLZ n SH YV\[L JVTTL SH WVSS\[PVU H[TVZ
WOtYPX\L SL IY\P[ V\ LUJVYL SLZ HJJPKLU[Z

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

3tNLUKL !
*HY[L KL Z`U[OuZL K\ WYVQL[ ­ )LYUL_ LU[YL ]PSSL L[ JHTWHNUL ®

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 18 -

7YPUJPWLZ LZ[YH[tNPX\LZ
3LZ WYPUJPWH\_ LUQL\_ PKLU[PÄtZ VU[ MHsVUUt S»PTHNL
X\L S»VU ZV\OHP[L WYVQL[LY WV\Y SL M\[\Y KL JL [LYYP
[VPYL *L[[L WtYLUUP[t YLJOLYJOtL UL ZLYH WVZZPISL
X\L ZP S»VU HNP[ H\QV\YK»O\P LU MH]L\Y K»\U JOHUNL
TLU[ KL]HU[ Z»VWtYLY ZLSVU KLZ WYPUJPWLZ Z[YH[t
NPX\LZ JSHPYZ JVUZJPLU[Z L[ JVOtYLU[Z *LZ SPNULZ
KPYLJ[YPJLZ ZL KVP]LU[ HSVYZ KL YLZWLJ[LY SLZ ]HSL\YZ
]tOPJ\StLZ WHY SL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ K\YHISL JHY WLY
ZVUUL UL WL\[ UPLY S»PTWHJ[ UtNH[PM KL UVZ TVKLZ
KL ]PL \YIHPUZ Z\Y S»LU]PYVUULTLU[
3LZ WYPUJPWHSLZ Z[YH[tNPLZ HKVW[tLZ WHY SL WYVQL[ ­
)LYUL_ LU[YL =PSSL L[ *HTWHNUL ® Z»VYPLU[LU[ H\
[V\Y KLZ [OuTLZ X\L ZVU[ S»\YIHUPZH[PVU SH TVIPSP[t
L[ S»LU]PYVUULTLU[ 0SZ ZVU[ n SH MVPZ PU[LYKtWLU
KHU[Z JVTWStTLU[HPYLZ
7V\Y X\L )LYUL_ QV\L ZVU UV\]LH\ YSL KL WSL
YtNPVUHS ZLJVUKHPYL H\ ZLPU K»\UL HNNSVTtYH[PVU
TPZHU[ Z\Y SL WVS`JLU[YPZTL PS MH\KYHP[ SH YtHSPZH[PVU
KL [YVPZ WYPUJPWLZ Z[YH[tNPX\LZ ! JVU[LUPY S»\YIHUPZH
[PVU MH]VYPZLY SH T\S[PTVKHSP[t L[ TL[[YL LU ]HSL\Y SH
X\HSP[t K\ JHKYL UH[\YLS
<UL KLUZPÄJH[PVU X\HSPÄtL WHY SL JVTISLTLU[ KLZ
PU[LYZ[PJLZ L[ S»H\NTLU[H[PVU KLZ KLUZP[tZ H\[V\Y
KLZ Uµ\KZ KLZ [YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ WLYTL[[YH KL
MYLPULY S»t[HSLTLU[ \YIHPU ,U V\[YL UV\Z ]LPSSLYVUZ
n \UL HMMLJ[H[PVU PU[LSSPNLU[L KLZ HJ[P]P[tZ HÄU KL
YtHSPZLY \UL JVOHIP[H[PVU OHYTVUPL\ZL LU[YL SLZ
SVNLTLU[Z SLZ HJ[P]P[tZ L[ SLZ tX\PWLTLU[Z W\ISPJZ
+L WS\Z S»HTtUHNLTLU[ K\ [LYYP[VPYL MH]VYPZLYH SH
TP_P[t MVUJ[PVUULSSL L[ ZVJPHSL

3H T\S[PTVKHSP[t JVUZ[P[\L SL ZLJVUK WYPUJPWL
Z[YH[tNPX\L ,U LMML[ LSSL H WV\Y VIQLJ[PM KL
YtK\PYL SH WHY[ KLZ [YHUZWVY[Z PUKP]PK\LSZ TV
[VYPZtZ KHUZ SLZ KtWSHJLTLU[Z X\V[PKPLUZ *L
X\P PTWSPX\L SH WYVTV[PVU K»\U YtZLH\ KL [YHUZ
WVY[Z W\ISPJZ WLYMVYTHU[ [HU[ WV\Y SLZ SPHPZVUZ
YHKPHSLZ X\L [HUNLU[PLSSLZ L[ KLZ P[PUtYHPYLZ KL
TVIPSP[t KV\JL H[[YHJ[PMZ 3H JVUZ[Y\J[PVU KL
KL\_ WHYRPUN YLSHPZ 7 9 KL NYHUKL JHWHJP[t
KVU[ \U H\ [LYTPU\Z K\ ;*6) L[ SL ZLJVUK n
)LYUL_ ,Z[ WHY[PJPWL UV[HTTLU[ n JL[ LMMVY[
3H T\S[PTVKHSP[t PTWSPX\L tNHSLTLU[ SH OPt
YHYJOPL KLZ ]VPLZ KL JPYJ\SH[PVU HÄU KL NHYHU[PY
SH JVU[PU\P[t KL [V\Z SLZ \ZHNLYZ
3H TPZL LU ]HSL\Y KL SH X\HSP[t K\ JHKYL UH[\YLS
JOuYL n S»PKLU[P[t YtNPVUHSL JVTWSu[L SH Z[YH[t
NPL NSVIHSL 3»PKtL LZ[ KL JVUZLY]LY S»OtYP[HNL
Y\YHS LU PU[tNYHU[ SH UH[\YL H\ Jµ\Y KL SH ]PSSL
WHY KLZ WtUt[YHU[LZ ]LY[LZ L[ KLZ WHYJZ \YIHPUZ
V\ KLZ WV[HNLYZ 3H TPZL LU ]HSL\Y KLZ WVPU[Z
KL ]\L LU QV\HU[ Z\Y SLZ OH\[L\YZ KLZ Io[PTLU[Z
Z\P]HU[ SH ]\L n ]HSVYPZLY ZVP[ SL SHJ V\ SLZ HSWLZ
3L WHYJ KLZ ,]H\_ KVP[ v[YL YLWLUZt LU [LYTLZ
K»tX\PWLTLU[ L[ KL TPZL LU ]HSL\Y

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

photo taille: 184x 171 mm
format TIFF

3tNLUKL !
*HY[L K»HMMLJ[H[PVUZ K\ WYVQL[ ­)LYUL_ LU[YL ]PSSL L[ JHTWHNUL®

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 20 -

7YVQL[
)LYUL_ \U JLU[YL YtNPVUHS KVP[ H]VPY \UL PKLU[P[t
\YIHPUL MVY[L H]LJ UV\]LH\_ X\HY[PLYZ K»OHIP[H
[PVU \U JLU[YL JVTTLYJPHS KLZ LZWHJLZ J\S[\YLSZ
L[ ZWVY[PMZ KLZ JVTTLYJLZ KL WYV_PTP[t KLZ ZLY
]PJLZ L[ KLZ PU[LYMHJLZ KL [YHUZWVY[ 7 9 X\P KVP]LU[
JVUZ[P[\LY KLZ Z`TIVSLZ PKLU[P[HPYLZ WV\Y SL ]PSSHNL
3L KtÄ[ LZ[ K»\YIHUPZLY [V\[ LU ]HSVYPZHU[ S»HNYPJ\S
[\YL 0S Z»HNP[ K»PU[tNYLY SLZ MVUJ[PVUZ T\S[PWSLZ L[ SLZ
YSLZ JVU[YHKPJ[VPYLZ KLZ aVULZ HNYPJVSLZ! LZWHJL
KL WYVK\J[PVU WYtZLY]H[PVU KL SH IPVKP]LYZP[t
YtZLY]L MVUJPuYL WH`ZHNL Y\YHS LZWHJL UH[\YLS
OtYP[HNL J\S[\YLS aVULZ KL SVPZPYZ L[ KL [V\YPZTL
<UL SPTP[L JSHPYL KVP[ ZtWHYLY SLZ aVULZ HNYPJVSLZ
KL JLSSLZ \YIHUPZtLZ HÄU KL JVU[LUPY S»\YIHUPZH[PVU
L[ LTWvJOLY S»t[HSLTLU[ \YIHPU 7V\Y SL YLZ[L KLZ
[LYYLZ HNYPJVSLZ SH YLJOLYJOL HNYVUVTPX\L WL\[
TH_PTPZLY SL\YZ \ZHNLZ *»LZ[ WV\YX\VP SH YtHSPZH
[PVU K»\U HNYVJHTW\Z L[ KLZ LU[YLWYPZLZ KL .YLLU
;LJO ZVU[ ZV\OHP[tLZ n SH SPTP[L LU[YL SH aVUL HNYP
JVSL L[ S»\YIHUPZH[PVU UV[HTTLU[ H\ [LYTPU\Z K\
M\[\Y [YHT n S»,Z[ K\ ]PSSHNL
5V\Z WYVWVZVUZ HPUZP SH YtHSPZH[PVU n S»,Z[ KL KL\_
Io[PTLU[Z YLSPtLZ WHY \UL [VP[\YL ]tNt[HSPZtL L[ \UL
WHZZLYLSSL PU[tYPL\YL HJJ\LPSSHU[ \UL MLYTL \YIHPUL
3L THYHzJOHNL KL WYV_PTP[t ZLY]HU[ KL aVUL [HT
WVU n S»\YIHUPZH[PVU ( S»6\LZ[ \UL WSH[LMVYTL
T\S[PTVKHSL ]tNt[HSPZtL X\P ]H ZLY]PY KL JVTTLYJL
KL WYV_PTP[t KL WVPU[ K»PUMVYTH[PVU L[ K»PUMYHZ[Y\J
[\YLZ n ]tSVZ

3LZ aVULZ KL TP_P[t MVUJ[PVUULSSL ZL ZP[\LU[ SL
SVUN KLZ H_LZ MVY[Z 3»OHIP[H[ LZ[ THQVYP[HPYL
H]LJ » SVNLTLU[Z KL T L[ KLZ HJ[P
]P[tZ K\ [LY[PHPYL L[ KLZ JVTTLYJL KL WYV_PTP
[t H\ YLa KL JOH\ZZtL WV\Y \U [V[HS KL »
LTWSVPZ *LY[HPUZ Io[PTLU[Z HIYP[LU[ tNHSLTLU[
KLZ I\YLH\_ KLZ ZHSSLZ K»L_WVZP[PVU KL ZWVY[
KLZ [Oto[YLZ KLZ tJVSLZ KLZ JYuJOLZ L[ \UL IP
ISPV[OuX\L 3L KtJHSHNL LU[YL SL YLa KL JOH\Z
ZtL L[ SLZ t[HNLZ KtNHNL \U [YV[[VPY ZtJ\YPZt n
S»\ZHNL KLZ WPt[VUZ L[ KLZ J`JSPZ[LZ
3H MVYTL WYtWVUKtYHU[L K\ WYVQL[ LZ[ S»zSV[
:VU JHYHJ[uYL TVK\SHISL WLYTL[ \UL [YHUZP
[PVU KV\JL LU[YL S»LZWHJL W\ISPJ ZLTP W\ISPJ
L[ WYP]t 3LZ JV\YZ PU[tYPL\YLZ ZLTP MLYTtLZ ZL
KtJSPULU[ LU JLY[HPUZ JHZ LU QHYKPUZ WV[HNLYZ
LU WSHJLZ KL QL\_ LU WSHU K»LH\ V\ LU [LYYHPUZ
KL ZWVY[ HZZ\YHU[ SH X\HSP[t KL ]PL KLZ OHIP[HU[Z
H\_ HSLU[V\YZ (]LJ SL [LTWZ S»HWWYVWYPH[PVU KL
JLZ LZWHJLZ WHY SLZ OHIP[HU[Z SLZ [YHUZMVYTL
YVU[ LU KLZ SPL\_ KL YLUJVU[YL JVU]P]PHS LU[YL
]VPZPUZ
3H WLYTtHIPSP[t KL S»LZWHJL W\ISPJ KVUUtL WHY
SH MVYTL \YIHPUL K\ WYVQL[ MH]VYPZL SH TVIPSP[t
KV\JL WLYTL[ \UL ÅL_PIPSP[t KHUZ SLZ JOVP_ KL
WHYJV\YZ MHJPSP[L SH JVUUL_PVU LU[YL SH WHY[PL
\YIHUPZtL K\ Z\K L[ SH UV\]LSSL PUMYHZ[Y\J[\YL
\YIHPUL NHYHU[P[ \UL JVU[PU\P[t KL JOLTPUL
TLU[Z LU[YL X\HY[PLYZ L[ YLUMVYJL SL SPLU ZVJPHS

3L WYVQL[ VJJ\WL \UL Z\YMHJL KL OH KVU[
KLZ[PUtZ H\_ SVNLTLU[Z H\_ HJ[P]P[tZ L[
\U H\_ tX\PWLTLU[Z W\ISPJZ 0S H \UL WYVWVY
[PVU K»LZWHJLZ ]LY[Z KL T OHI \U *6: KL
L[ \U *<: KL

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL



photo taille: 184x 171 mm
format TIFF

3tNLUKL !
*HY[L KL Z`U[OuZL KLZ [YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ K\ WYVQL[ ­ )LYUL_ LU[YL
]PSSL L[ JHTWHNUL ®

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,

*VUJS\ZPVUZ

0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 22 -

3»\YIHUPZH[PVU M\[\YL K\ 7(*( )LYUL_ L_WVZtL PJP
LZ[ IPLU PU[tNYtL n SH JHTWHNUL H\_ [YH]LYZ KLZ
WHYJZ \YIHPUZ KLZ WV[HNLYZ KLZ WtUt[YHU[LZ ]LY[LZ
Z\Y SL WSHU KL S»LU]PYVUULTLU[ PTTtKPH[
:\Y SL WSHU ZVJPHS UV[YL ZV\JP H t[t KL YLJOLYJOLY
SH JYtH[PVU KL SPLU ZVJPHS L[ K»HTtSPVYLY SH X\HSP[t KL
]PL KLZ OHIP[HU[Z
:\Y SL WSHU KL SH TVIPSP[t SL [H\_ KL [YHUZMLY[ TVKHS
KLZ ]tOPJ\SLZ PUKP]PK\LSZ H\_ [YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ
ZLYH WS\Z PTWVY[HU[ HWYuZ SH YtHSPZH[PVU KL UV[YL
WYVQL[ ,U WS\Z SLZ TVKLZ KV\_ ZVU[ MH]VYPZtZ K\
MHP[ KL SH TP_P[t MVUJ[PVUULSSL
­ )LYUL_ LU[YL ]PSSL L[ JHTWHNUL ® LZ[ \U WYVQL[
JLY[LZ HTIP[PL\_ THPZ YtHSPZ[L ,[ UV\Z WLUZVUZ
X\L SLZ WHY[PLZ PU[tYLZZtLZ ZH\YVU[ MHPYL ]HSVPY JLY
[HPULZ PKtLZ MVY[LZ JVU[LU\LZ KHUZ SL WYtZLU[ WYV
QL[

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

photo taille: 184x 171 mm
format TIFF

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 24 -

BERNEX – CLEAN TECH
:HT\LS :JOLYLY
:HT\LS :JOLYLY'\UPS JO
;YPZ[HU 3HYWPU
[YPZ[HU SHYWPU'\UPS JO
;YPZ[HU 7HZX\PLY
[YPZ[HU WHZX\PLY'\UPS JO
9VTHPU -V\YUPLY
9VTHPU -V\YUPLY'\UPS JO
=PJ[VY /PUP
=PJ[VY /PUP'\UPS JO

0U[YVK\J[PVU
7V\Y YtWVUKYL H\_ KP]LYZP[tZ [LYYP[VYPHSLZ H\_
JHYHJ[uYLZ ZWtJPÄX\LZ L[ H\_ KPMMtYLU[Z LUQL\_
X\L UV\Z WV\]VUZ YL[YV\]LY KHUZ SL WtYPTu[YL KL
S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZL WS\ZPL\YZ
7(*( 7tYPTu[YL K»HTtUHNLTLU[ JVVYKVUUt K»HN
NSVTtYH[PVU VU[ t[t tSHIVYtZ 3»VIQLJ[PM KL JLZ
ZV\Z WYVQL[Z LZ[ KL WV\]VPY PU[LY]LUPY Z\Y KLZ [LY
YP[VPYLZ WS\Z YLZ[YLPU[ L[ K»HIVYKLY KLZ WYVISuTLZ
Z\Y \UL tJOLSSL SVJHSL WV\Y [YV\]LY KLZ ZVS\[PVUZ
JVUJYu[LZ L[ IPLU HKHW[tLZ H\_ [LYYP[VPYLZ KVUUtZ

L[ SLZ JHYHJ[tYPZ[PX\LZ K\ [PZZ\ Io[P THPZ tNH
SLTLU[ KLZ X\LZ[PVUZ KL KLZZLY[L KL [YHUZWVY[
V\ LUJVYL SLZ tX\PWLTLU[Z SLZ LZWHJLZ W\ISPJZ
L[ SH ]PL ZVJPHSL KHUZ SH UV\]LSSL aVUL JYttL

+HUZ SH WHY[PL 6\LZ[ KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU SL 7(*(
)LYUL_ H t[t tSHIVYt WV\Y WYVWVZLY KLZ ZVS\[PVUZ
LU TH[PuYL KL S»HTtUHNLTLU[ [LYYP[VYPHS M\[\Y KHUZ
SLZ JVTT\ULZ KL )LYUL_ *VUÄNUVU 6UL_ L[ 3HU
J` 0S Z»HNP[ KL YtÅtJOPY Z\Y SH TVYWOVSVNPL \YIHPUL

=\ SL UVTIYL PTWVY[HU[ KL UV\]LH\_ OHIP[HU[Z
L[ K»LTWSVPZ X\L SH JVTT\UL KL )LYUL_ HPTL
YHP[ HJX\tYPY KHUZ SL M\[\Y SL UV\]LH\ X\HY[PLY
]H H]VPY \U NYHUK PTWHJ[ Z\Y SL [LYYP[VPYL L[
ZVU HSLU[V\Y +LZ YHPZVUULTLU[Z Z\Y SH MHsVU

3tNLUKL !
3VNV )LYUL_ *SLHU ;LJO

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL



KVU[ UV\Z ]V\SVUZ JVUJL]VPY SL UV\]LH\ X\HY
[PLY WV\Y X\»PS Z»PU[uNYL IPLU KHUZ SL JVU[L_[L
[LYYP[VYPHS t[HPLU[ KVUJ WYPTVYKPH\_ 3L WYVQL[
\YIHPU KVP[ v[YL JVTWH[PISL H]LJ SL Io[P L_PZ
[HU[ X\P ZL [YV\]L THQVYP[HPYLTLU[ H\ :\K L[ n
S»,Z[ KL UV[YL WtYPTu[YL 3»VIQLJ[PM LZ[ KVUJ KL
SPTP[LY SH Y\W[\YL LU[YL S»L_PZ[HU[ L[ SL UV\]LH\
WV\Y NHYHU[PY KLZ PU[LYHJ[PVUZ LU[YL JLZ KL\_
WHY[PLZ +L S»H\[YL J[t S»\YIHUPZH[PVU UL ]H
WHZ ZL MHPYL KHUZ \UL aVUL JLU[YHSL KtQn MVY[L
TLU[ \YIHUPZtL THPZ KHUZ \U LU]PYVUULTLU[
]LY[ L[ KL JHYHJ[uYL Y\YHSL 5V\Z t[PVUZ KVUJ
VISPNtZ KL WYVWVZLY KLZ ZVS\[PVUZ K»\YIHUPZTL
X\P PU[uNYLU[ H\ TPL\_ SL Io[P KHUZ SL WH`ZHNL
LU]PYVUUHU[
(]LJ S»H\NTLU[H[PVU K\ UVTIYL K»OHIP[HU[Z
L[ K»LTWSVPZ KHUZ SH JVTT\UL KL )LYUL_ SL
YSL KL JL[[L KLYUPuYL KHUZ S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU ]H
MVUKHTLU[HSLTLU[ JOHUNLY *VTWHYt n SH ZP
[\H[PVU HJ[\LSSL SL UV\]LH\ )LYUL_ UL ]H WS\Z
H]VPY \U JHYHJ[uYL WtYP\YIHPU \UL KVTPUHUJL
KLZ aVULZ K»OHIP[H[PVU (]LJ SH JYtH[PVU K»\U
ZLJ[L\Y K»HJ[P]P[tZ [LY[PHPYLZ JL[ LUKYVP[ ]H
UtHUTVPUZ KL]LUPY \UL JLU[YHSP[t PTWVY[HU[L
*LSH H WV\Y JVUZtX\LUJL X\L )LYUL_ KL]PLU
KYH KH]HU[HNL \U WSL K»PU[LYHJ[PVU H]LJ \U
Å\_ KL WLYZVUULZ L[ KL IPLUZ KL WS\Z LU WS\Z
PTWVY[HU[ 7V\Y WV\]VPY NtYLY JLZ LUQL\_ KHUZ
SL M\[\Y PS LZ[ PUKPZWLUZHISL KL TL[[YL LU WSHJL
\U Z`Z[uTL KL [YHUZWVY[ WLYMVYTHU[ L[ LMÄJHJL
L[ KVUJ NHYHU[PY \UL IVUUL KLZZLY[L K\ X\HY
[PLY 3H JYtH[PVU K\ ;*6) ;YHT *VYUH]PU 6UL_
)LYUL_ JVUZPZ[LYH n t[HISPY \UL SPHPZVU K\YHISL
X\P YLSPLYH SL UV\]LH\ X\HY[PLY KL )LYUL_ H]LJ
SL JLU[YL ]PSSL

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,

3tNLUKL !
3VJHSPZH[PVU 7(*( )LYUL_ :V\YJL !
WYVQL[ HNNSV VYN " :P[L K»PU[LY]LU[PVU

0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 26 -

,UQL\_
3»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZL KVP[
YtWVUKYL n SH WYLZZPVU KtTVNYHWOPX\L KL SH
YtNPVU [V\[ LU WYtZLY]HU[ SL JHYHJ[uYL ]LY[ KL
S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU 3L 7(*( JVUJLYUt WHY SH JVT
T\UL KL )LYUL_ U»tJOHWWL WHZ n JL[[L YtHSP[t
,U LMML[ JL ZVU[ WYuZ KL » OHIP[HU[Z L[
» LTWSVPZ X\P KL]YHPLU[ ]VPY SL QV\Y KHUZ \U
M\[\Y WYVJOL 7V\Y JL[[L JVTT\UL UV\Z HZZPZ
[VUZ WYLZX\L n \U KV\ISLTLU[ KL SH WVW\SH[PVU
H]LJ SLZ VIQLJ[PMZ K\ 7(*( 3LZ KVTHPULZ [V\
JOtZ WHY JL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ JVUZtX\LU[ ZVU[
UVTIYL\_ L[ T\S[PWSLZ
3»\YIHUPZH[PVU K\ ­ ]PSSHNL ® KL )LYUL_ ]H Z»LM
MLJ[\LY WYPUJPWHSLTLU[ H\ 5VYK KL SH YV\[L KL
*OHUJ` *LZ UV\]LSSLZ JVUZ[Y\J[PVUZ UL ZLYVU[
WHZ \UPX\LTLU[ KLZ SVNLTLU[Z JHY PS JVU]PLU
KYH KL WYVWVZLY tNHSLTLU[ KLZ t[HISPZZLTLU[Z
K»PU[tYv[Z W\ISPJZ JVTTL KLZ tJVSLZ UV[HT
TLU[ HPUZP X\»\U JLU[YL J\S[\YLS +LZ Z\YMHJLZ
JVTTLYJPHSLZ KVP]LU[ tNHSLTLU[ MHPYL WHY[PL
K\ WYVQL[ 3L WYPUJPWHS LUQL\ WV\Y SL ]VSL[ \Y
IHUPZH[PVU JVUZPZ[LYH n SPTP[LY H\ TH_PT\T
SH JVUZVTTH[PVU K\ ZVS Kt]VS\ HJ[\LSSLTLU[
WYPUJPWHSLTLU[ n S»HNYPJ\S[\YL
3H TVIPSP[t LZ[ \U HZWLJ[ Kt[LYTPUHU[ KHUZ \U
[LS WYVQL[ ,U LMML[ JL[[L MVY[L \YIHUPZH[PVU KVP[
v[YL HJJVTWHNUtL WHY \UL IVUUL KLZZLY[L LU
[YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ 3H JVUZ[Y\J[PVU K\ M\[\Y
;*6) ;YHT *VYUH]PU ¶ 6UL_ ¶ )LYUL_ ]H v[YL
S»tStTLU[ JLU[YHS K\ M\[\Y YtZLH\ KL [YHUZWVY[Z
LU JVTT\U (PUZP [V\[LZ SLZ SPNULZ KL I\Z H\
YVU[ WV\Y VIQLJ[PM \U YHIH[[LTLU[ Z\Y SL ;*6)
WYtZLU[ Z\Y SH YV\[L KL *OHUJ` ,U WS\Z K\
JOVP_ KLZ [YHJtZ PS JVU]PLUKYH KL YLKtÄUPY SLZ
MYtX\LUJLZ KLZ KPMMtYLU[LZ SPNULZ (PUZP KHUZ
\U ZV\JP KL X\HSP[t KL ]PL L[ KL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[
K\YHISL [V\[ LZ[ TPZ LU µ\]YL WV\Y X\L

SL YLWVY[ TVKHS Z\Y SLZ [YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ ZVP[ SL
WS\Z PTWVY[HU[ WVZZPISL
3»LU]PYVUULTLU[ LZ[ tNHSLTLU[ \U HZWLJ[
PTWVY[HU[ n WYLUKYL LU JVTW[L .LUu]L WVZ
ZuKL \UL JLPU[\YL ]LY[L PTWVY[HU[L H\[V\Y KL
ZVU HNNSVTtYH[PVU L[ )LYUL_ YLSu]L H\QV\YK»O\P
K»\U JHYHJ[uYL HNYPJVSL :P SL ]PNUVISL H\ :\K
KL )LYUL_ LZ[ HJ[\LSSLTLU[ WYV[tNt KHUZ JL
WtYPTu[YL SLZ JOHTWZ WYtZLU[Z H\ 5VYK ZVU[
X\HU[ n L\_ SL [LYYP[VPYL YL[LU\ WV\Y SL Kt]LSVW
WLTLU[ \YIHPU WYt]\ 7HYHSSSuSLTLU[ H\ MHP[ KL
SPTP[LY H\ TPL\_ S»LTWYPZL H\ ZVS KL SH UV\]LSSL
aVUL \YIHPUL PS JVU]PLU[ K»HZZ\YLY SLZ MVUJ[PVUZ
tJVSVNPX\LZ L_PZ[HU[LZ Z\Y JL [LYYP[VPYL *L ZVU[
HPUZP SLZ JV\SVPYZ tJVSVNPX\LZ X\P KVP]LU[ v[YL
NHYHU[PZ HPUZP X\L SLZ [YHTLZ ]LY[LZ UV[HT
TLU[ H\ ZLPU KL S»\YIHUPZH[PVU 3H WYtZLY]H[PVU
K\ WH`ZHNL L[ SLZ M\[\YLZ JVUZ[Y\J[PVUZ KVP]LU[
v[YL JVVYKVUUtLZ HÄU K»HZZ\YLY \UL JLY[HPUL
X\HSP[t KL ]PL
3LZ LUQL\_ K\ 7(*( YLSH[PM n SH JVTT\UL KL
)LYUL_ ZVU[ JVUZtX\LU[Z L[ WS\YPKPZJPWSPUHPYLZ
3»LUQL\ WYPUJPWHS LZ[ KVUJ KL YtHSPZLY \U Kt]L
SVWWLTLU[ JVVYKVUUt H]LJ SLZ KPMMtYLU[Z PU[t
Yv[Z WYtZLU[Z 5V[YL WYVQL[ ]V\SHU[ TL[[YL LU
H]HU[ SLZ *SLHU ;LJO ]L\[ YtWVUKYL H\ TPL\_
H\_ KPMMtYLU[LZ WYVIStTH[PX\LZ LUNLUKYtLZ WHY
\U [LS Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ \YIHPU

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

3tNLUKL !
+LUZP[tZ L[ JLU[YHSP[tZ

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 28 -

7YPUJPWLZ LZ[YH[tNPX\LZ
7V\Y NHYKLY ZH JVOtYLUJL \U WYVQL[ ZL KVP[ KL Z\P]YL
\U JLY[HPU UVTIYL KL WYPUJPWLZ X\P SL Z[Y\J[\YL L[
S\P JVUMuYL ZVU JHYHJ[uYL L[ ZVU PKLU[P[t WYVWYL *LZ
KPMMtYLU[Z WYPUJPWLZ JVUZ[P[\HU[ SL ÄS YV\NL KL UV[YL
WYVQL[ ]VU[ v[YL [YHP[tZ PJP
(]HU[ KL WVZLY SLZ WYLTPuYLZ WPLYYLZ ]PY[\LSSLZ KL
UV[YL WYVWVZP[PVU PS H MHSS\ WVZP[PVUULY )LYUL_ WHY
YHWWVY[ H\ YLZ[L KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV
NLUL]VPZL 7V\Y JL MHPYL \UL YtÅL_PVU H t[t LU
NHNtL Z\Y S»PKLU[P[t X\L WV\YYHP[ WYLUKYL JL M\[\Y
JLU[YL YtNPVUHS KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV
NLUL]VPZL n S»OVYPaVU *VTTL S»t[`TVSVNPL
SH[PUL K\ TV[ ­ WYVQL[ ® SL Z\NNuYL PS Z»HNP[ IPLU KL
ZL ­ QL[LY LU H]HU[ ® 7SVUNLVUZ UV\Z KHUZ SL M\[\Y
KL )LYUL_
(ÄU KL WVZP[PVUULY )LYUL_ Z\Y \U WSHU tJVUVTPX\L
L[ WLYTL[[YL \U YtLS Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ LU [LYTL
K»LTWSVPZ H\ZZP IPLU X\L KL SVNLTLU[Z PS H t[t Ut
JLZZHPYL KL JHYHJ[tYPZLY )LYUL_ KHUZ \U KVTHPUL
K»HJ[P]P[tZ WVY[L\Y WV\Y SL M\[\Y KL S\P KVUULY \UL
MVUJ[PVU PUUV]H[YPJL 7V\Y JL MHPYL PS LZ[ WYVWVZt
KL Z\P]YL \UL YtJLU[L t[\KL X\P H KtTVU[Yt S»PU[tYv[
KL Kt]LSVWWLY SLZ *SLHU[LJOZ KHUZ SH YtNPVU NLUL
]VPZL
3L KVTHPUL KLZ *SLHU[LJOZ LZ[ LU LMML[ LU WSLPUL
tI\SSP[PVU 0S JVUJLYUL SLZ [LJOUVSVNPLZ SLZ PUK\Z
[YPLZ L[ SLZ ZLY]PJLZ X\P JVU[YPI\LU[ n WYV[tNLY L[ n
WYtZLY]LY SLZ YLZZV\YJLZ UH[\YLSSLZ NYoJL UV[HT
TLU[ n \UL HTtSPVYH[PVU PTWVY[HU[L KL S»LMÄJHJP[t
L[ KL SH WYVK\J[P]P[t +L UVTIYL\_ KVTHPULZ ZVU[
JVUJLYUtZ JVTTL SLZ tULYNPLZ YLUV\]LSHISLZ S»LM
ÄJHJP[t tULYNt[PX\L SH NLZ[PVU K\YHISL KL S»LH\ SH
TVIPSP[t K\YHISL 3LZ HJ[P]P[tZ *SLHU[LJOZ JV\]YLU[

[V\[LZ SLZ t[HWLZ K\ WYVJLZZ\Z KL JYtH[PVU KL
]HSL\YZ ! SH YLJOLYJOL L[ SL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ SH
WYVK\J[PVU L[ S»\[PSPZH[PVU KL IPLUZ L[ KL ZLY
]PJLZ
3LZ aVULZ K»HJ[P]P[tZ KL UV[YL WYVQL[ WYP]PSt
NPLU[ SLZ LU[YLWYPZLZ X\P ZVU[ HJ[P]LZ KHUZ JLZ
KVTHPULZ +LZ LTWSVPZ n OH\[L ]HSL\Y HQV\[tL
ZLYVU[ HPUZP JYttZ Z\Y SL [LYYP[VPYL KL )LYUL_ *L
X\P JVUZ[P[\L \UL KLZ t[HWLZ WLYTL[[HU[ ZVU
Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ M\[\Y
3»PTWSHU[H[PVU K»\U JLU[YL JVTTLYJPHS K\YHISL
L[ T\S[PMVUJ[PVUULS JVU[YPI\L tNHSLTLU[ n SH
JHYHJ[tYPZH[PVU KL )LYUL_ LU [PZZHU[ KLZ SPLUZ
MVY[Z H]LJ SH JHTWHNUL LU]PYVUUHU[L L[ SLZ
HNYPJ\S[L\YZ L[ HY[PZHUZ SVJH\_ 0S Z»HNP[ n SH
MVPZ KL WYVTV\]VPY KLZ HJ[P]P[tZ WYVTL[[L\ZLZ
*SLHU[LJOZ ZHUZ WV\Y H\[HU[ YLUPLY S»OtYP[HNL
Y\YHS KL )LYUL_
+\ WVPU[ KL ]\L KL SH MVYTL SH JVOtYLUJL K\
WYVQL[ LZ[ HZZ\YtL UV[HTTLU[ WHY SH YV\[L KL
*OHUJ` ]tYP[HISL JVSVUUL ]LY[tIYHSL ,SSL HZ
Z\YL tNHSLTLU[ SL SPLU LU[YL S»HUJPLU )LYUL_ L[
SL UV\]LH\ X\HY[PLY WYt]\ H\ 5VYK L[ LZ[ T\S
[PMVUJ[PVUULSSL ! Z\WWVY[ KL SH TVIPSP[t L[ KL
S»HJ[P]P[t ZVJPHSL L[ PU[tNYtL n SH [YHTL LU]PYVU
ULTLU[HSL ,U [LYTLZ KL TVIPSP[t SH YV\[L KL
*OHUJ` Z[Y\J[\YL SL YtZLH\ KL [YHUZWVY[ W\ISPJ
,MMLJ[P]LTLU[ S»PTWSHU[H[PVU K\ [YHT *VYUH]PU
6UL_ )LYUL_ ;*6) SL YHIH[[LTLU[ KL WS\
ZPL\YZ SPNULZ KL I\Z L[ S»HY[PJ\SH[PVU K\ YtZLH\
KL TVIPSP[t KV\JL Z\Y JL[ H_L PSS\Z[YL JL JHYHJ
[uYL Z[Y\J[\YHU[

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

3tNLUKL !
3L YtZLH\ KLZ [YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 30 -

7YVQL[
3L WYVQL[ )LYUL_ *SLHU ;LJO WYt]VP[ SL Kt]LSVWWL
TLU[ K»\UL aVUL \YIHPUL H\ UVYK K\ )LYUL_ HJ[\LS
n S»OVYPaVU *L[[L UV\]LSSL aVUL \YIHPUL ZLYH
JVUULJ[tL H\ )LYUL_ HUJPLU WHY \U YtHTtUHNL
TLU[ KL SH YV\[L KL *OHUJ` LU LZWHJL JLU[YHS KL SH
]PSSL 3H aVUL ZLYH KtSPTP[tL H\ UVYK WHY SH YV\[L KL
JVU[V\YULTLU[ X\P WLYTL[[YH KL JHW[LY SH JPYJ\SH
[PVU KL S»H\[VYV\[L L[ t]P[LY SLZ U\PZHUJLZ KHUZ SL
JLU[YL ]PSSL
(\ UP]LH\ tJVUVTPX\L UV\Z H]VUZ JOVPZP KL Kt]L
SVWWLY SLZ ZLJ[L\YZ ZLJVUKHPYLZ L[ [LY[PHPYL H\[V\Y
KLZ *SLHU[LJOZ 3LZ HJ[P]P[tZ tJVUVTPX\LZ KL SH
UV\]LSSL \YIHUPZH[PVU ItUtÄJPLYVU[ KL SH KLZZLY[L
H\[VYV\[PuYL L[ KLZ KPMMtYLU[Z TV`LUZ KL [YHUZ
WVY[ K\YHISLZ 3L WYVQL[ WYt]VP[ H\ZZP S»PUZ[HSSH[PVU
K»\U JLU[YL JVTTLYJPHS K\YHISL X\P ]PLUKYH MtKtYLY
S»VMMYL \YIHPUL LU [LYTLZ KL JVTTLYJLZ Z\Y SH YV\[L
KL *OHUJ` L[ JVTWYLUKYH tX\PWLTLU[Z J\S[\YLSZ L[
JVTTLYJLZ K\YHISLZ
+HUZ SL JHKYL K\ YtHTtUHNLTLU[ KL SH YV\[L KL
*OHUJ` SLZ LZWHJLZ W\ISPJZ ZLYVU[ YLX\HSPÄtZ WV\Y
KL]LUPY KLZ SPL\_ KL YLUJVU[YL KLZ HPYLZ KL QL\_ V\
LUJVYL KLZ LZWHJLZ KL ZWVY[ L[ KL Kt[LU[L 3L ZVPU
HWWVY[t n S»\YIHUP[t L[ S»H[[YHJ[P]P[t KL JLZ LZWHJLZ
WLYTL[[YH KL JYtLY \U SPLU LU[YL SH UV\]LSSL \YIHUP
ZH[PVU K\ UVYK H]LJ SL )LYUL_ HUJPLU

3L [YHÄJ YV\[PLY ZLYH YLKPYPNt NYoJL n SH YV\[L KL
JVU[V\YULTLU[ ]LYZ SL 7 9 KL 3HJVUUL_ KL
WS\Z SH ]P[LZZL ZLYH SPTP[tL n RT O KHUZ SLZ
X\HY[PLYZ YtZPKLU[PLSZ
3LZ [YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ ]LYYVU[ S»PTWSHU[H[PVU K\
;*6) WV\Y SLX\LS UV\Z H]VUZ WYt]\ \UL TVKP
ÄJH[PVU KLZ SPNULZ KL I\Z X\P KL]YHP[ WLYTL[[YL
KL YLUKYL S»VMMYL WS\Z JVTWSu[L H]LJ \UL TLPS
SL\YL HJJLZZPIPSP[t KLZ ]PSSHNLZ LU]PYVUUHU[Z
3L WYVQL[ WLYTL[[YH H\ZZP K»HWWVY[LY \U JH
YHJ[uYL LU]PYVUULTLU[HS n SH ]PSSL KL )LYUL_
H]LJ UV[HTTLU[ SH JtZ\YL ]LY[L X\P MVUJ[PVU
ULYH JVTTL \U JVYYPKVY tJVSVNPX\L YLSPHU[ SLZ
ILYNLZ K\ 9OUL n JLSSLZ KL S»(PYL (PUZP SH IPV
KP]LYZP[t ZLYH MH]VYPZtL H\ ZLPU TvTL KL )LY
UL_ 3»H\[YL tStTLU[ MVY[ KL UV[YL JVUJLW[ ]LY[
LZ[ SL WHYJ KLZ ,]H\_ X\P H\YH KLZ MVUJ[PVUZ
n SH MVPZ tJVSVNPX\LZ L[ ZVJPHSLZ *L ZLYH \UL
JLU[YHSP[t n OH\[L X\HSP[t LU]PYVUULTLU[HSL
3L WYVQL[ )LYUL_ *SLHU[LJO WYVWVZL KVUJ \UL
YtÅL_PVU Z\Y S»HTtUHNLTLU[ M\[\Y KL )LYUL_ L[
LU]PZHNL KLZ ZVS\[PVUZ X\P WLYTL[[YVU[ KL Yt
WVUKYL n TV`LU [LYTL H\_ KtÄZ tJVUVTPX\LZ
ZVJPH\_ L[ LU]PYVUULTLU[H\_ X\L WVZLU[ SL
Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ M\[\Y KL )LYUL_

(\ UP]LH\ KL SH TVIPSP[t UV[YL WYVQL[ WYt]VP[ LU
WYLTPLY SPL\ KL KtZLUNVYNLY SL JLU[YL ]PSSL NYHJL H
\UL YV\[L KL JVU[V\YULTLU[ *L[[L HJ[PVU KL]YHP[
WLYTL[[YL KL Kt]LSVWWLY SH TVIPSP[t KV\JL LU ]PSSL
X\P ZLYH WYP]PStNPtL WHY S»HTtUHNLTLU[ KL WPZ[LZ
J`JSHISLZ X\P Z»HQV\[LYVU[ n JLSSLZ L_PZ[HU[LZ L[ MVY
TLYVU[ \U YtZLH\ KLUZL L[ H[[YHJ[PM YLSPt H\_ H\[YLZ
PU[LYMHJLZ KL [YHUZWVY[

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

3tNLUKL !
3L JVUJLW[ ]LY[

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 32 -

*VUJS\ZPVUZ
3L WYVQL[ ­ )LYUL_ *SLHU ;LJO ® WYVWVZL \U Kt]L
SVWWLTLU[ HTIP[PL\_ KL SH M\[\YL JLU[YHSP[t YtNPV
UHSL X\L ZLYH S»HPYL \YIHUPZtL KL )LYUL_ *VUÄNUVU
+HUZ SL I\[ KL JYtLY V\ KL YLUMVYJLY JL[[L JLU[YHSP[t
SL KVTHPUL KL SH TVIPSP[t QV\L \U YSL MVUKHTLU[HS
+HUZ SL KVTHPUL KLZ [YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ [V\[LZ SLZ
SPNULZ KL I\Z Z»HY[PJ\SLU[ H\[V\Y KL S»H_L MVY[ X\L
ZLYH SL ;*6) <UL WVSP[PX\L KL YHIH[[HNL Z\Y JL[[L
SPNUL WLYTL[[YH Q\Z[LTLU[ KL YLUMVYJLY JOHX\L
WL[P[L JLU[YHSP[t KL S»HPYL \YIHUPZtL LU JYtHU[ KLZ
PU[LYMHJLZ KL [YHUZWVY[Z T\S[PTVKH\_ *L UV\]LH\
YtZLH\ KL [YHUZWVY[Z W\ISPJZ LU[YLYH WHYMHP[LTLU[
KHUZ S»VIQLJ[PM KL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ K\YHISL 0S ZLYH
ZVJPHSLTLU[ Q\Z[L JHY [V\JOHU[ [V\[LZ SLZ JH[tNV
YPLZ KL SH WVW\SH[PVU 0S MH]VYPZL SH YtHWWYVWYPH[PVU
KL S»LZWHJL W\ISPJ WHY SLZ HKLW[LZ KL SH TVIPSP[t
KV\JL n S»L_LTWSL KL SH UV\]LSSL YV\[L KL *OHUJ`
7HYHSSuSLTLU[ SH YtÅL_PVU Z\Y S»PKLU[P[t KL S»HNNSV
TtYH[PVU KL )LYUL_ *VUÄNUVU Z»LZ[ WVY[tL Z\Y SL
KVTHPUL KLZ *SLHU ;LJO LU WSLPU LZZVY L[ ItUt
ÄJPHU[ K»\UL ZP[\H[PVU Z[YH[tNPX\L n WYV_PTP[t K\
JLU[YL ]PSSL KL .LUu]L MHPZHU[ WHY[PL PU[tNYHU[L K\
Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ HJ[\LS KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV
]HSKV NLUL]VPZL 3»HJJLZZPIPSP[t NYoJL H\_ [YHUZ
WVY[Z LU MHP[ tNHSLTLU[ \U ZP[L WYP]PStNPt <UL UV\
]LSSL SPNUL KL [YHT YLSPHU[ .LUu]L L[ S»HtYVWVY[ \UL
ZVY[PL K»H\[VYV\[L \U YtZLH\ KL TVIPSP[t KV\JL
Kt]LSVWWt ¯ 3L JOVP_ K»H[[PYLY KL UV\]LSSLZ LU
[YLWYPZLZ KL JL KVTHPUL Z»LZ[ MHP[ LU YHPZVU KL SH
]VSVU[t KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU NLUL]VPZL KL WLYTL[[YL
S»PTWSHU[H[PVU KLZ *SLHU[LJOZ Z\Y ZVU [LYYP[VPYL 0S
Z»HNP[ K»\U JOVP_ Z[YH[tNPX\L L_[YvTLTLU[ PU[t
YLZZHU[ [V\YUt Z\Y S»H]LUPY n SVUN [LYTL KL )LYUL_
JVTTL JLU[YL YtNPVUHS

+L WS\Z HÄU KL WYVTV\]VPY \U JLU[YL KP[ ­ Yt
NPVUHS ® PS UV\Z ZLTISHP[ UtJLZZHPYL KL QV\LY
SH JHY[L KL S»HNYPJ\S[\YL SVJHSL L[ KLZ WYVK\P[Z
YtNPVUH\_ (PUZP SL UV\]LH\ JLU[YL JVTTLYJPHS
VMMYPYH LU WYPVYP[t KLZ WYVK\P[Z PZZ\Z KLZ HNYPJ\S
[L\YZ L[ tSL]L\YZ SVJH\_
+HUZ S»VW[PX\L K»` PTWSHU[LY SLZ » OHIP
[HU[Z HPUZP X\L SLZ » LTWSVPZ SL WYVQL[ ZL
KL]HP[ KL WYVTV\]VPY SH KLUZP[t HPUZP X\L SH
TP_P[t ZVJPHSL L[ MVUJ[PVUULSSL 3»HPYL \YIHUPZtL
ZL JVUJLU[YLYH H\ WS\Z WYuZ KL SH aVUL \YIHUP
ZtL HJ[\LSSL 3H WSHJL KL S»HNYPJ\S[\YL H\ JLU[YL
KL S»PKLU[P[t KL )LYUL_ KVP[ Z\IZPZ[LY
7V\Y [LYTPULY JL WYVQL[ ZLYH [YuZ YLZWLJ[\L\_
KLZ JVU[YHPU[LZ LU]PYVUULTLU[HSLZ 5V\Z
H]VUZ ]\ WS\Z OH\[ X\L SH TVIPSP[t H t[t WLU
ZtL WYPUJPWHSLTLU[ KHUZ JL[[L VW[PX\L )LY
UL_ 6UL_ H]LJ SH WYtZLUJL K\ WHYJ KLZ ,]H\_
UV[HTTLU[ 3LZ [YHUJOtLZ ]LY[LZ ZLYVU[ WYt
ZLY]tLZ L[ YLUMVYJtLZ H]LJ KLZ HTtUHNLTLU[Z
KtKPtZ n SH TVIPSP[t KV\JL
3L WYVQL[ )LYUL_ *SLHU ;LJO YLTWSP[ HPUZP [V\[LZ
SLZ MVUJ[PVUZ L[ VMMYL KL UVTIYL\ZLZ VWWVY[\UP
[tZ H\_ OHIP[HU[Z HJ[\LSZ L[ M\[\YZ 3L KtZPY KL
JL WYVQL[ LZ[ KL KVUULY SH ZLUZH[PVU n JOHX\L
YtZPKLU[ KL MHPYL WHY[PL K»\U [V\[ K»\UL JVOt
YLUJL \YIHPUL L[ ZVJPHSL ]PZHU[ \UL KLZ[PUtL n
SVUN [LYTL

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

3tNLUKL !
*HY[L KL Z`U[OuZL K\ WYVQL[ ­ *SLHU ;LJO®

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 34 -

A SSURER LA TRANSITION
(SL_HUKYL )\KY`
HSL_HUKYL I\KY`'\UPS JO
(YPHUL -Y…O
(YPHUL -Y\LO'\UPS JO
:tIHZ[PLU .LUV\K
ZLIHZ[PLU NLUV\K'\UPS JO
.HIYPLSL 3LVUHYKP
NHIYPLSL SLVUHYKP'\UPS JO
-SVYLUJL 9L`
-SVYLUJL 9L`'\UPS JO

0U[YVK\J[PVU
,U [YLU[L WYVQL[Z K»HNNSVTtYH[PVUZ VU[ t[t YL
TPZ n SH *VUMtKtYH[PVU WV\Y L_HTLU KHUZ SL JHKYL
KLZ JVU[YPI\[PVUZ MtKtYHSLZ H\_ PUMYHZ[Y\J[\YLZ KL
[YHUZWVY[ 3LZ WYLTPuYLZ YtHSPZH[PVUZ H`HU[ WYVÄ[t
KL JLZ UV\]LSSLZ JVU]LU[PVUZ KL WYLZ[H[PVU ZVU[
H\QV\YK»O\P LU JV\YZ KL YtHSPZH[PVU 3L *HU[VU KL
.LUu]L tSHIVYL HPUZP SL YtZLH\ KL [YHUZWVY[ MLYYt
K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU X\P S\P MHP[ KtMH\[ 9LSPHU[ S»HtYV
WVY[ KL *VYUH]PU H\ ]PSSHNL KL )LYUL_ SL ;*6)
Z»PUZJYP[ JVTTL \UL THPSSL LZZLU[PLSSL KL JL UV\
]LH\ Z`Z[uTL KL [YHUZWVY[ (ÄU KL JVVYKVUULY
LMÄJHJLTLU[ S»\YIHUPZH[PVU H]LJ JLZ UV\]LSSLZ PU
MYHZ[Y\J[\YLZ KHUZ SL JHKYL KL SH TPZL LU µ\]YL K\
7YVQL[ K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZ SL
KtWHY[LTLU[ K\ [LYYP[VPYL K\ JHU[VU KL .LUu]L VY
NHUPZL \UL t[\KL [LZ[ H`HU[ JVTTL VIQLJ[PM KL Kt
ÄUPY \UL PTHNL KPYLJ[YPJL K\ WYVQL[ K»HTtUHNLTLU[
KL S»H_L Z\I\YIHPU Z»VYNHUPZHU[ H\[V\Y K\ ;*6)

0S Z»HNP[ MVYTLSSLTLU[ KL ]tYPÄLY ZP SH WVY[PVU
KL [LYYP[VPYL KtÄUPL WHY SLZ JVTT\ULZ KL )LY
UL_ *VUÄNUVU 6UL_ L[ 3HUJ` WL\[ HJJ\LPSSPY
SL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ WYt]\ KL » LTWSVPZ L[
» OHIP[HU[Z n S»OVYPaVU HPUZP X\L SLZ
HJ[P]P[tZ SPtLZ n SH ]PL K»\U JLU[YL YtNPVUHS
3L WYVQL[ ­ )LYUL_ (ZZ\YLY SH [YHUZP[PVU ®
JVUZ[P[\L \U ZJOtTH KL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ [LY
YP[VYPHS Z»PUZtYHU[ KL THUPuYL WHY[PLSSL KHUZ SL
JHOPLY KLZ JOHYNLZ KL S»t[\KL SHUJtL WHY SL
JHU[VU 3L WYVQL[ UL WL\[ LU LMML[ WYt[LUKYL n
WYVWVZLY \UL PTHNL KPYLJ[YPJL WV\Y S»LUZLTISL
K\ WtYPTu[YL K\ 7(*( )LYUL_ 3»LMMVY[ WYPUJPWHS
K\ [YH]HPS H WVY[t LU WYLTPLY SPL\ Z\Y SLZ HTt
UHNLTLU[Z n LU]PZHNLY n )LYUL_ 5VYK L[ Z\Y SH
KtÄUP[PVU K»\UL JLU[YHSP[t YtNPVUHSL KHUZ JL[[L
TvTL SVJHSP[t 0S Z»HNP[ LU LMML[ K»PKLU[PÄLY KLZ
ZLJ[L\YZ WYVWYLZ n \UL KLUZPÄJH[PVU K\ Io[P LU
JVOtYLUJL H]LJ SH YLMVU[L K\ Z`Z[uTL KL [YHUZ
WVY[
­ )LYUL_ (ZZ\YLY SH [YHUZP[PVU ® YLWVZL Z\Y
[YVPZ JVUJLW[Z K»HTtUHNLTLU[ ! LZWHJLZ ]LY[Z
YtZLH\ KL [YHUZWVY[ L[ \YIHUPZH[PVU JLU[YH
SP[t 3»HY[PJ\SH[PVU KL JLZ [YVPZ JVUJLW[Z WYVK\P[
S»PTHNL KPYLJ[YPJL K\ [LYYP[VPYL n S»OVYPaVU
3LZ YtZ\S[H[Z KL S»t[\KL MVYTHSPZLU[ \U Z`Z[uTL
KL [YHUZWVY[ JVOtYLU[ WLYTL[[HU[ K»HUJYLY LMÄ
JHJLTLU[ )LYUL_ KHUZ S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU [V\[ LU
VMMYHU[ \UL KLZZLY[L SVJHSL KL X\HSP[t 3LZ HPYLZ
K»PTWSHU[H[PVU WYVWVZtLZ HPUZP X\L SH YLJVT
WVZP[PVU KL S»HPYL HNYV UH[\YLSSL LU[V\YHU[ )LY
UL_ WLYTL[[LU[ K»LZX\PZZLY SL ]PZHNL KL JL[[L
UV\]LSSL SVJHSP[t

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL







; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,

0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 36 -

,UQL\_
;YVPZ NYHUKLZ [OtTH[PX\LZ MtKuYLU[ SLZ KtÄZ
H\_X\LSZ LZ[ JVUMYVU[tL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHU
JV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZL ! ,ZWHJL HNYV UH[\YLSSL
Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ ZVJPV tJVUVTPX\L L[ TVIP
SP[t ­ )LYUL_ ¶ (ZZ\YLY SH [YHUZP[PVU ® [YHK\P[ n
S»tJOLSSL K\ 7(*( JLZ KPMMtYLU[Z LUQL\_ L[ [LUK
KL WS\Z n PU[tNYLY KL THUPuYL JVOtYLU[L SH UV
[PVU KL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ K\YHISL
(ÄU K»HZZ\YLY \U Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ tX\PSPIYt KL
S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU NLUL]VPZL SL 7(*( )LYUL_ LZ[
[LU\ K»HJJ\LPSSPY n S»OVYPaVU » OHIP
[HU[Z L[ » LTWSVPZ 3L Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ KL
S»\YIHUPZH[PVU HWWLSt n YtWVUKYL H\_ L_PNLUJLZ
MVYT\StL KHUZ SL 7YVQL[ K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU Z»PUZ
JYP[ KHUZ KL\_ YLNPZ[YLZ ! UV\]LSSLZ PTWSHU[H
[PVUZ H\ 5VYK KL )LYUL_ L[ KLUZPÄJH[PVU K\
[PZZ\ Io[P L_PZ[HU[ Z\Y SLZ JVTT\ULZ K»6UL_ L[
KL 3HUJ` 3L JOVP_ KL SVJHSPZH[PVU KLZ aVULZ
UVU Io[PLZ n \YIHUPZLY H\ 5VYK KL SH YV\[L KL
*OHUJ` LZ[ WHY[PJ\SPuYLTLU[ PTWVY[HU[ UV[HT
TLU[ KHUZ SH WLYZWLJ[P]L KL WYtZLY]LY SH aVUL
HNYV UH[\YLSSL LU[V\YHU[ )LYUL_ L[ HIYP[HU[ WHY
HPSSL\YZ WS\ZPL\YZ JVYYPKVYZ IPVSVNPX\LZ *LZ
KLYUPLYZ VU[ \UL MVUJ[PVU tJVSVNPX\L PTWVY
[HU[L WV\Y SH ÅVYL L[ SH MH\UL SL\Y WLYTL[[HU[
KL ZL YLWYVK\PYL L[ tNHSLTLU[ KL ZL KtWSHJLY
0SZ HZZ\YLU[ HPUZP KLZ PU[LYHJ[PVUZ LU[YL SLZ HPYLZ
UH[\YLSSLZ JVTWVY[HU[ KLZ UPJOLZ tJVSVNPX\LZ
MYHNPSLZ
+L WS\Z SL 7YVQL[ K»(NNSVTtYH[PVU WVZ[\SL Z\Y
SL KL]LUPY KL )LYUL_ L[ *VUÄNUVU LU SL\Y H[[YP
I\HU[ \U YSL KL JLU[YHSP[t YtNPVUHS H\ TvTL
[P[YL X\L KLZ SVJHSP[tZ [LSSLZ X\L 5`VU V\ (U
ULTHZZL 0TWSHU[LY HY[PÄJPLSSLTLU[ \U JLU[YL
YtNPVUHS n )LYUL_ PTWVZL \UL YtÅL_PVU WV\Z
ZtL Z\Y SL JOVP_ KL SVJHSPZH[PVU K»HJ[P]P[tZ Z[YH
[tNPX\LZ

,U TH[PuYL KL [YHUZWVY[ L[ KL TVIPSP[t SLZ KtÄZ
ZVU[ T\S[PWSLZ 3L 7YVQL[ K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHU
JV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZ H K»VYLZ L[ KtQn WLYTPZ H\
[YH]LYZ K\ MVUK K»\YNLUJL SH JYtH[PVU K»H_LZ
MVY[Z KL [YHUZWVY[ W\ISPJ LU[YL SLZ KPMMtYLU[Z
JLU[YLZ YtNPVUH\_ LU WtYPWOtYPL L[ SL JLU[YL
]PSSL KL .LUu]L )LYUL_ 6UL_ L[ 3HUJ` ItUtÄ
JPLYVU[ HPUZP K\ ;*6) n JV\Y[ [LYTL ;V\[LMVPZ
SL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ JVUZPKtYHISL LU]PZHNt KHUZ
JLY[HPUZ JLU[YLZ ZP[\tZ H\ KLSn KL S»HPYL \YIHPUL
NLUL]VPZL :[ .LUPZ 7V\PSS` )LYUL_ :[ 1\SPLU
L_PNL tNHSLTLU[ SH TPZL LU WSHJL K»\UL VMMYL
LU [YHUZWVY[ W\ISPJ [HUNLU[PLSSL n S»HNNSVTtYH
[PVU 3H KLTHUKL Z\Y JL[ H_L U»LZ[ JLWLUKHU[
WHZ Q\NtL Z\MÄZHU[L WV\Y Q\Z[PÄLY SH JVUZ[Y\J
[PVU KL UV\]LSSLZ PUMYHZ[Y\J[\YLZ SV\YKLZ 9,9
[YHT^H` L[J 0S HWWHY[PLU[ KVUJ KL Kt]LSVW
WLY KLZ H_LZ KL [YHUZWVY[ W\ISPJ LMÄJHJLZ L[
JVTWStTLU[HPYLZ H\_ PUMYHZ[Y\J[\YLZ HJ[\LSSLZ
3H YLMVU[L K\ Z`Z[uTL KL [YHUZWVY[ K\ 7(*(
KVP[ WHY HPSSL\YZ HNPY KL THUPuYL X\HSP[H[P]L Z\Y
SLZ KtWSHJLTLU[Z 3LZ [YHUZWVY[Z PUKP]PK\LSZ
TV[VYPZtZ ZVU[ LU LMML[ Z\YYLWYtZLU[tZ KHUZ SH
YtWHY[P[PVU TVKHSL KLZ KtWSHJLTLU[Z H\ ZLPU
K\ *HU[VU KL .LUu]L WHY YHWWVY[ n K»H\[YLZ
HNNSVTtYH[PVUZ Z\PZZLZ
( \UL tJOLSSL SVJHSL SH NLZ[PVU K\ [YHÄJ YV\
[PLY n )LYUL_ LZ[ \U LUQL\ THQL\Y K\ Kt]LSVW
WLTLU[ n ]LUPY! SH YV\[L KL *OHUJ` ]LYYH ZH
JOHYNL KL [YHÄJ H\NTLU[LY JVUZPKtYHISLTLU[
[HUKPZ X\L KLZ ZVS\[PVUZ LU TH[PuYL KL WHYJHNL
KL]YVU[ v[YL [YV\]tLZ

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

% "
#


$


; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



#





0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 38 -

7YPUJPWLZ LZ[YH[tNPX\LZ
­ )LYUL_ ¶ (ZZ\YLY SH [YHUZP[PVU ® tUVUJL \U JLY[HPU
UVTIYL KL WYPUJPWLZ Z[YH[tNPX\LZ LU YtWVUZL n JLZ
NYHUKZ LUQL\_
3L WYVQL[ YLWVZL LU WYLTPLY SPL\ Z\Y \UL JVVYKPUH
[PVU LMÄJHJL KLZ TLZ\YLZ WYtJVUPZtLZ LU TH[PuYL
KL [YHUZWVY[ W\ISPJ H\ZZP IPLU n S»PU[tYPL\Y K\ 7(*(
)LYUL_ X\»LU[YL SLZ 7(*( KL S»6\LZ[ KL S»HNNSV
TtYH[PVU +LZ t[\KLZ WYtSPTPUHPYLZ VU[ Yt]tSt SH
MHPISLZZL KL S»VMMYL [HUNLU[PLSSL KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU
NLUL]VPZL 3L JVUJLW[ TVIPSP[t K\ 7YVQL[
K»HNNSVTtYH[PVU UL WYt]VP[ WHZ K»PU[LYJVUULJ[PVUZ
LU[YL SL ;*6) L[ SL *,=( n S»L_JLW[PVU KL SH NHYL
*VYUH]PU 3H JYtH[PVU K»\U H_L KL [YHUZWVY[ W\ISPJ
n OH\[ UP]LH\ KL ZLY]PJL ­ )SHUKVUUL[ 7 9 KL
)LYUL tJOHUNL\Y KL 7LYS` ® H\NTLU[L ZPNUPÄJH[P
]LTLU[ S»HJJLZZPIPSP[t KL )LYUL_ n SH aVUL KL S»Ht
YVWVY[ HPUZP X\»n S»H_L :[ 1\SPLU *HYV\NL L[ WHSSPL n
JL[ t[H[ KL MHP[ *L UV\]LS H_L KL [YHUZWVY[ Z»VYNH
UPZL H\[V\Y K»PU[LYMHJLZ KL [YHUZWVY[ T\S[PTVKHSLZ
n )SHUKVUUL[ H\ 7 9 KL )LYUL_ HPUZP X\»n S»tJOHU
NL\Y KL 7LYS` 3LZ [YVPZ NYHUKLZ SPNULZ KL [YHT^H`
KL S»V\LZ[ NLUL]VPZ ZL ]VPLU[ HPUZP YLSPtLZ LU aVUL
Z\I\YIHPUL ZV\SHNLHU[ WHY HPSSL\YZ SLZ ZLJ[L\YZ KL
7VU[ )\[PU (]HUJOL[ L[ 7HSSL[[LZ )HJOL[ KL 7L
ZH` ( S»tJOLSSL SVJHSL \UL PU[tNYH[PVU LMÄJHJL K\
;*6) KHUZ S»H_L Z\I\YIHPU 3HUJ` )LYUL_ Z»H]uYL
WVZZPISL LU YLTHUPHU[ S»LZWHJL Y\L KL SH YV\[L KL
*OHUJ` L[ LU JYtHU[ \U YtZLH\ K»P[PUtYHPYLZ LU TV
IPSP[t KV\JL HZZ\YHU[ S»HJJLZZPIPSP[t LU[YL S»LZWHJL
Io[P L[ SH KLZZLY[L LU [YHUZWVY[ W\ISPJ

L[ K»6UL_ L[ K»H\[YL WHY[ KL YLWLUZLY )LYUL_
WV\Y LU MHPYL \UL JLU[YHSP[t YtNPVUHSL 3»t[\KL
KL S»\YIHUPZH[PVU L_PZ[HU[L KLZ JVTT\ULZ KL
*VUÄNUVU L[ KL )LYUL_ WLYTL[ KL KPZ[PUN\LY
[YVPZ ZtX\LUJLZ KHUZ SLZX\LSSLZ SL Io[P L[ SL Yt
ZLH\ YV\[PLY Z»VYNHUPZLU[ KL THUPuYL ZPTPSHPYL
3»\YIHUPZH[PVU KL )LYUL_ 5VYK H t[t WLUZtL LU
HJJVYK H]LJ JLZ [YVPZ ZtX\LUJLZ JVUKP[PVU WYL
TPuYL n SH Z[Y\J[\YH[PVU K»\U LZWHJL W\ISPJ MVY[
;V\QV\YZ LU TH[PuYL K»\YIHUPZH[PVU SL JLU[YL
]PSSL n )LYUL_ LZ[ VYNHUPZt H\[V\Y K»\U HYYv[ K\
;*6) H\ JYVPZLTLU[ KLZ YV\[LZ K»(PYL SH =PSSL
L[ KL *OHUJ` *L[ LZWHJL LZ[ ZP[\t H\ JLU[YL
KL SH UV\]LSSL JVUÄN\YH[PVU \YIHPUL KL )LYUL_
LUNSVIHU[ SL Io[P L_PZ[HU[ L[ S»\YIHUPZH[PVU H\
5VYK KL SH 9V\[L KL *OHUJ` 0S Z»HNP[ K»HZZ\YLY
H]HU[ [V\[ SH [YHUZP[PVU LU[YL SL ]PSSHNL HJ[\LS L[
SLZ UV\]LSSLZ JVUZ[Y\J[PVUZ UV[HTTLU[ NYoJL
n S»HTtUHNLTLU[ K»\UL WSHJL W\ISPX\L KL X\H
SP[t Z»PU[tNYHU[ n SH MVPZ KHUZ SL [PZZ\ Io[P L_PZ
[HU[ L[ KHUZ SH WYVK\J[PVU \YIHPUL UV\]LSSL
+»H\[YL WHY[ SL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ KL )LYUL_
KVP[ ]PZLY SH WYtZLY]H[PVU KL SH aVUL HNYV UH
[\YLSSL LU ]HSVYPZHU[ SLZ tStTLU[Z n MVY[L ]HSL\Y
LU]PYVUULTLU[HSL H\ ZLPU KL SH aVUL HNYPJVSL
­ )LYUL_ ¶ (ZZ\YLY SH [YHUZP[PVU ® TH[tYPHSPZL
HPUZP \U JVYYPKVY IPVSVNPX\L LU IVYK\YL KL SH
M\[\YL [YHTL Io[PL KL )LYUL_ 5VYK

3LZ PU]LZ[PZZLTLU[Z JVUZLU[PZ KHUZ SH JVUZ[Y\J[PVU
K»\U [YHT^H` UL MVU[ ZLUZ X\L ZP JLS\P JP KLZZLY[
KLZ aVULZ Io[PLZ YLSH[P]LTLU[ KLUZLZ ­ )LYUL_ ¶
(ZZ\YLY SH [YHUZP[PVU ® WYVWVZL K»\UL WHY[ KL KLU
ZPÄLY JLY[HPUZ ZLJ[L\YZ KLZ JVTT\ULZ KL 3HUJ`

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL





























$

$











; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,









0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 40 -

7YVQL[
3LZ H_LZ Z[Y\J[\YHU[Z K\ WYtZLU[ WYVQL[ ZVU[ [YPWSLZ
! WYtZLY]H[PVU L[ ]HSVYPZH[PVU KLZ LZWHJLZ ]LY[Z
NLZ[PVU KL SH TVIPSP[t n [YH]LYZ SH YtVYNHUPZH[PVU
K\ Z`Z[uTL KL [YHUZWVY[ L[ JVUJLW[ K»\YIHUPZH[PVU
H]LJ WV\Y WLYZWLJ[P]L K»HZZ\YLY SH [YHUZP[PVU
3H JtZ\YL ]LY[L ZP[\tL n S»,Z[ KL )LYUL_ LZ[ WYt
ZLY]tL L[ ]HSVYPZtL WV\Y LU MHPYL \U SPL\ KL ]PL KL
Kt[LU[L L[ KL YLUJVU[YL JVU]P]PHS L[ KL X\HSP[t WV\Y
SLZ OHIP[HU[Z KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU ( JL[ LMML[ KLZ
ZLU[PLYZ WV\Y WPt[VUZ [`WL ­ WPZ[L ÄUSHUKHPZL ®
L[ J`JSPZ[LZ JOLTPULU[ n [YH]LYZ JL[[L [YHTL ]LY[L
3»HJ[P]P[t HNYPJVSL LZ[ JVUZLY]tL ZV\Z MVYTL KL ]LY
NLYZ IPVSVNPX\LZ
+HUZ SH WLYZWLJ[P]L K»H\NTLU[LY SLZ JHWHJP[tZ
L[ K»VMMYPY \U LU]PYVUULTLU[ HNYtHISL SLZ QHYKPUZ
MHTPSPH\_ ZVU[ YLSVJHSPZtZ n WYV_PTP[t K\ WHYJ KLZ
,]H\_ <UL Z`ULYNPL LZ[ H[[LUK\L LU[YL JLZ QHYKPUZ
L[ SLZ ]LYNLYZ IPVSVNPX\LZ KL SH JtZ\YL ]LY[L
(ÄU KL NHYHU[PY SH WYtZLUJL K»\U LZWHJL ]LY[ KL
WYV_PTP[t L[ S»HtYH[PVU K\ Io[P \UL WtUt[YHU[L ]LY[L
LZ[ YtHSPZtL H\ Jµ\Y KL )LYUL_ *L[ LZWHJL ZL ]L\[
v[YL \U SPL\ KL Kt[LU[L L[ KL MYHzJOL\Y :VU HYIVYP
ZH[PVU L[ SH YLTPZL n JPLS V\]LY[ K\ UHU[ KL 3HUHUJL
` JVU[YPI\LU[
4H[tYPHSPZt ZV\Z SH MVYTL K»\U JVYKVU IVPZt \U
UV\]LH\ JVYYPKVY IPVSVNPX\L LZ[ HTtUHNt H\ 5VYK
KL S»HPYL K»\YIHUPZH[PVU 0S H WV\Y WYPVYP[t K»HZZ\
YLY SLZ PU[LYHJ[PVUZ LU[YL UPJOLZ tJVSVNPX\LZ L[ KL
JLPU[\YLY SL WtYPTu[YL K»\YIHUPZH[PVU :VU [YHJt LZ[
KPJ[t LZZLU[PLSSLTLU[ WHY SLZ UHU[Z KL .V` L[ KL
3HSHUJL WYVSVUNtZ L[ YLTPZ n JPLS V\]LY[

3L WVPU[ K»HUJYHNL KL SH YtÅL_PVU WVY[tL Z\Y SLZ
[YHUZWVY[Z LZ[ Kt[LYTPUt WHY S»HYYP]tL K\ ;*6)
(ÄU KL NHYHU[PY \UL JVTWStTLU[HYP[t LU[YL SLZ
KPMMtYLU[Z TV`LUZ KL [YHUZWVY[ \UL PU[LYMHJL
LZ[ YtHSPZtL n S»LU[YtL ,Z[ KL )LYUL_ <U 7 9
KVU[ S»HJJuZ ZL MHP[ WHY SH YV\[L KLZZLY]HU[ SL
YtZLH\ H\[VYV\[PLY LZ[ HTtUHNt LU ZV\[LYYHPU
,U Z\YMHJL S»PU[LYMHJL WYVWVZL \UL VMMYL t[VMMtL
LU [YHUZWVY[ W\ISPJ HYYv[Z K\ ;*6) L[ K\ I\Z
n OH\[ UP]LH\ KL ZLY]PJL HPUZP X\»LU TVIPSP[t
KV\JL ­ ]tSVZ[H[PVU ® 3H TPZL LU WSHJL K»\UL
[LSSL PU[LYMHJL LZ[ HJJVTWHNUtL WHY S»HKVW[PVU
K»\U UV\]LH\ WSHU KL TVIPSP[t ZL JHYHJ[tYPZHU[
WHY SH JYtH[PVU K»P[PUtYHPYLZ (\ZZP SL YtZLH\ J`
JSHISL LZ[ JVUZPKtYHISLTLU[ HTtSPVYt UV[HT
TLU[ LU JL X\P JVUJLYUL SLZ KtWSHJLTLU[Z [HU
NLU[PLSZ JYtH[PVU K»\UL WHZZLYLSSL H\ KLZZ\Z
K\ 9OUL WLYTL[[HU[ KL YLQVPUKYL =LYUPLY
3L M\[\Y JLU[YL ]PSSL KL )LYUL_ ZL JVTWVZL
K»\UL WSHJL JVU]P]PHSL L[ T\S[PMVUJ[PVUULSSL PU
[tNYtL n SH MVPZ H\ ]PL\_ ]PSSHNL L[ n SH UV\]LSSL
\YIHUPZH[PVU :\Y JL TVKuSL K»H\[YLZ WSHJLZ
WS\Z WL[P[LZ ZVU[ tNHSLTLU[ JVUs\LZ SL SVUN
KL SH YV\[L KL *OHUJ` *»LZ[ Z\Y JL TvTL H_L
X\L ZVU[ SVJHSPZtLZ SLZ HJ[P]P[tZ JVTTLYJPHSLZ
L[ KL ZLY]PJL 3LZ OHIP[H[PVUZ ZVU[ X\HU[ n LSSLZ
JVUÄUtLZ LU YL[YHP[ KLZ Io[PTLU[Z ZP[\tZ LU IVY
K\YL KL YV\[L WYV[LJ[PVU JVU[YL SL IY\P[ ZtJ\
YP[t 3L YH`VUULTLU[ YtNPVUHS KL SH JVTT\UL
L[ SH ]P[HSP[t KL ZLZ PUMYHZ[Y\J[\YLZ [YHUZWVY[Z
JVTTLYJLZ L[J ZVU[ HMÄYTtZ WHY S»PTWSHU[H
[PVU K»\U N`TUHZL PU[LYJVTT\UHS UVU SVPU K\
JLU[YL ]PSSL

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,



0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 42 -

*VUJS\ZPVUZ
3L [LYYP[VPYL JVTT\UHS KL )LYUL_ ZL ]LYYH n [LYTL
JVUZPKtYHISLTLU[ IV\SL]LYZt 3LZ » LTWSVPZ
L[ » OHIP[HU[Z H[[LUK\Z n S»OVYPaVU H\
ZLPU K\ 7(*( TVKPÄLYVU[ K»\U WVPU[ KL ]\L ZVJPHS
tJVUVTPX\L L[ LU]PYVUULTLU[HS S»HZWLJ[ HJ[\LS
KL IV\YNHKL X\P JHYHJ[tYPZL JL[[L JVTT\UL KL
S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU NLUL]VPZL 3H TH[tYPHSPZH[PVU KL
JL[[L [YHUZP[PVU ]LYZ \UL JLU[YHSP[t YtNPVUHSL H t[t
SH WYtVJJ\WH[PVU WYLTPuYL KL UV[YL tX\PWL Z\Y S»LU
ZLTISL KL SH KtTHYJOL YtÅL_P]L WVY[tL Z\Y JL[ LZ
WHJL TvSHU[ LZWHJL HNYV UH[\YLSSL L[ HPYL \YIHPUL
3L WYVQL[ ­ )LYUL_ ¶ (ZZ\YLY SH [YHUZP[PVU ® Ä_L HPUZP
\U JLY[HPU UVTIYL KL YLJVTTHUKH[PVUZ n WYLUKYL
LU JVUZPKtYH[PVU WV\Y SL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ M\[\Y KL
SH JVTT\UL HPUZP X\L KL S»LUZLTISL K\ WtYPTu[YL
KtÄUP KHUZ SL JHKYL K\ 7(*( 5V[YL tX\PWL KL [YH
]HPS Z»LZ[ HWW\`tL Z\Y \UL HWWYVJOL NSVIHSL K»\U
WVPU[ KL ]\L [OtTH[PX\L THPZ tNHSLTLU[ [LYYP[VYPHS
( JL[ LMML[ SLZ X\LZ[PVUZ KL NLZ[PVU KLZ YLZZV\YJLZ
HNYPJVSLZ KL SH WSHUPÄJH[PVU KLZ [YHUZWVY[Z V\ LU
JVYL K»\YIHUPZH[PVU VU[ t[t HWWYVJOtLZ n S»tJOLSSL
JVTT\UHSL HPUZP X\»n S»tJOLSSL KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU
NLUL]VPZL KHUZ ZVU LUZLTISL

(ZZ\YLY \UL [YHUZP[PVU LU[YL SLZ KPMMtYLU[Z tSt
TLU[Z X\P JVTWVZLU[ \U WYVQL[ \YIHPU H JVUZ[P
[\t \UL WYPVYP[t KHUZ S»tSHIVYH[PVU KLZ YLJVT
THUKH[PVUZ *»LZ[ KHUZ JL JHKYL X\L UV[YL
WYVQL[ WYtJVUPZL \UL NLZ[PVU [V\[L WHY[PJ\SPuYL
KLZ LZWHJLZ ]LY[Z HÄU KL JVUZLY]LY \UL HNYP
J\S[\YL KL WYV_PTP[t HPUZP X\L SH X\HSP[t WH`
ZHNuYL HJ[\LSSL K\ ZP[L *»LZ[ tNHSLTLU[ KHUZ
JL[[L TvTL SVNPX\L X\L UV\Z H]VUZ JOLYJOt
n WYVTV\]VPY \UL JVTWStTLU[HYP[t TVKHSL
H\ ZLPU K\ WtYPTu[YL K»t[\KL LU WYVWVZHU[ SL
Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ K»\UL PU[LYMHJL KL [YHUZWVY[
X\P WLYTL[ KL WHZZLY K»\U TV`LU KL KtWSHJL
TLU[ n \U H\[YL *L[[L HWWYVJOL H tNHSLTLU[
t[t YL[LU\L WV\Y Z\NNtYLY KLZ SPNULZ KPYLJ[YPJLZ
K»\YIHUPZH[PVU ,SSL UV\Z H HPUZP LUNHNtZ n Kt
]LSVWWLY \U TVKuSL KL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ \YIHPU
X\P HZZ\YL \UL [YHUZP[PVU LU[YL SL [PZZ\ Io[P HPUZP
X\L SLZ LZWHJLZ W\ISPJZ L_PZ[HU[Z L[ n ]LUPY
-PUHSLTLU[ WV\Y SH JVUJYt[PZH[PVU K\ WYVQL[
J»LZ[ H\ZZP \UL ­ [YHUZP[PVU [LTWVYLSSL ® X\P ZL
KVP[ H\QV\YK»O\P K»v[YL VIZLY]tL ,U LMML[ S»\Y
IHUPZH[PVU K\ [LYYP[VPYL JVTT\UHS KL )LYUL_
KVP[ v[YL YtHSPZtL KL THUPuYL WYVNYLZZP]L L[ OV
TVNuUL +HUZ JL[[L VW[PX\L \UL JVVYKPUH[PVU
VW[PTHSL ZLYH n YLJOLYJOLY LU[YL SLZ KPMMtYLU[Z
WYVQL[Z KL JVUZ[Y\J[PVUZ ,U V\[YL S»VWPUPVU
KLZ KPMMtYLU[Z HJ[L\YZ K\ [LYYP[VPYL LZ[ [LU\L
K»v[YL PU[tNYtL n SVUN [LYTL J»LZ[ n KPYL K\YHU[
[V\[L SH KtTHYJOL X\P ]PZL SL Kt]LSVWWLTLU[
KL )LYUL_

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL








; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,

0UZ[P[\[ KL NtVNYHWOPL <UP]LYZP[t KL 3H\ZHUUL

- 44 -

B2030
(KYPHUV )VNNPHU
(KYPHUV )VNNPHU'\UPS JO
4HYJLSSPU -HNSH

photo taille: 86x80mm
format TIFF

4HYJLSSPU -HNSH'\UPS JO
.YLNVY` /\N\LSL[
NYLNVY` O\N\LSL['\UPS JO
-SVYPHU 7VSL[[V
ÅVYPHU WVSL[[V'\UPS JO
@HUUPJR :JOULLILYNLY
`HUUPJR ZJOULLILYNLY'\UPS JO

0U[YVK\J[PVU
;YHUZMVYTLY \UL WL[P[L IV\YNHKL WtYP\YIHPUL KL
TVPUZ KL » OHIP[HU[Z ZP[\tL LU THYNL K»\UL
HNNSVTtYH[PVU K`UHTPX\L LU \U WSL \YIHPU KL
WS\Z KL » OHIP[HU[Z L[ » LTWSVPZ MHPZHU[
WHY[PL WYLUHU[L KL SH W\PZZHU[L HYTH[\YL \YIHPUL
KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZL =VPSn SL
WVPU[ KL KtWHY[ KL UV[YL YtÅL_PVU 7L\ JVUU\L H\
KLOVYZ KLZ MYVU[PuYLZ JHU[VUHSLZ SH JVTT\UL KL
)LYUL_ LZ[ JHYHJ[tYPZ[PX\L K\ WOtUVTuUL KL Wt
YP\YIHUPZH[PVU LUNLUKYt K\YHU[ SLZ HUUtLZ ,U
LMML[ ZH WVW\SH[PVU KV\ISHU[ LU[YL L[ SH
SVJHSP[t H ]\ ZVU Kt]LSVWWLTLU[ Q\ZX\»PJP JVUK\P[
WHY SLZ HZWPYH[PVUZ YtZPKLU[PLSSLZ K»\UL THQVYP[t KL
JP[HKPUZ ]V\SHU[ Z»L_[PYWLY KL K`UHTPX\LZ \YIHPULZ
ZL ZV\JPHU[ X\L [YVW WL\ KL SH X\HSP[t KL ]PL LU
]PSSL

3tNLUKL !
,X\PWLTLU[Z HSLU[V\YZ

,U H KtJV\St KVUJ \UL [LUKHUJL n S»L_VKL \Y
IHPU L[ n SH JVUZ[P[\[PVU KL UV\]LH\_ LZWHJLZ
JHYHJ[tYPZtZ WHY \UL NtUtYHSPZH[PVU KL SH THP
ZVU PUKP]PK\LSSL JVTTL UV\]LSSL YtMtYLUJL \UP
]LYZLSSL LU TH[PuYL K»OHIP[H[ )PLU X\L SL TP
[HNL K\ [LYYP[VPYL ZVP[ YLZ[t SPTP[t KHUZ SL JHU[VU
KL .LUu]L NYoJL n \UL WVSP[PX\L YPNV\YL\ZL KL
WYV[LJ[PVU KL SH JLPU[\YL HNYPJVSL S»\YIHUPZH[PVU
K\ KLYUPLY X\HY[ K\ L ZPuJSL ZV\]LU[ WL\
KLUZL SoJOL L[ TVUV VYPLU[tL ]LYZ SL SVNLTLU[
NtUuYL KL UV\]LH\_ Å\_ LU[YL KLZ JLU[YLZ
]PSSLZ JVUJLU[YHU[ [V\QV\YZ WS\Z K»LTWSVPZ [LY
[PHPYLZ L[ KLZ LZWHJLZ WtYP\YIHPUZ JVUJLU[YHU[
KVYtUH]HU[ SH WS\Z NYHUKL WHY[ KtTVNYHWOPX\L

7961,;: <9)(05:

[YH]H\_ KL THz[YPZL KtJLTIYL

KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU 3H WLUK\SHYP[t KL]PLU[
HSVYZ WYVNYLZZP]LTLU[ SH UVYTL L[ ZV\MMYL K»\U
THUX\L K»PUMYHZ[Y\J[\YLZ KL [YHUZWVY[Z LU
JVTT\U UVU ]PHISLZ ÄUHUJPuYLTLU[ KHUZ JLZ
]HZ[LZ LZWHJLZ WtYPWOtYPX\LZ KPZJVU[PU\Z
(`HU[ KtTHU[LSt ZVU YtZLH\ KL [YHT^H` H\
JV\YZ K\ L ZPuJSL SH YtNPVU ZL YL[YV\]L
n SH ÄU KL JL KLYUPLY KHUZ \UL ZP[\H[PVU WL\
[LUHISL ,U LMML[ ]HZ[L YtNPVU [YHUZMYVU[HSPuYL
S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU MYHUJV ]HSKV NLUL]VPZL ¶ LU
JVUZ[Y\J[PVU ¶ Z\IP[ SLZ KtZHNYtTLU[Z K»\UL
VYNHUPZH[PVU ZWH[PHSL TVUVJLU[YtL Z\Y SH ]PSSL
JLU[YL KL .LUu]L LU[V\YtL K»\U ]HZ[L IHZZPU
KL THPU K»µ\]YL [YHUZMYVU[HSPLY ZHUZ YtLSSL
JLU[YHSP[t ZLJVUKHPYL L[ ZHUZ YtLSSL PUMYHZ[Y\J
[\YL SV\YKL KL [YHUZWVY[Z LU JVTT\U
(PUZP )LYUL_ ZL YL[YV\]L H\QV\YK»O\P H\_
WVY[LZ KL S»O`WLYJLU[YL NLUL]VPZ WYV[tNt WHY
\UL JLPU[\YL ]LY[L YL[LUHU[ S»H]HUJtL KL S»\YIH
UPZH[PVU THPZ HZWO`_Pt WHY SLZ Å\_ KP]LYZ [YH
]LYZHU[ SH SVJHSP[t ,U LMML[ SH 9V\[L KL *OHUJ`
L[ ZLZ X\H[YL ]VPLZ KL JPYJ\SH[PVUZ Z\YJOHYNtLZ
H\_ OL\YLZ KL WVPU[L WYPUJPWHSL ]VPL K»HJJuZ
]LYZ .LUu]L LU WYV]LUHUJL K\ :\K V\LZ[ K\
JHU[VU YLWYtZLU[L \UL IHSHMYL ]PVSLU[L KHUZ
SL WH`ZHNL ]P[PJVSL KL )LYUL_ X\P ZL SHZZL KL
]VPYL KtÄSLY JOHX\L QV\Y JL ÅV[ KL ]tOPJ\SLZ
3»LUQL\ n YLSL]LY LZ[ KVUJ KL [YHUZMVYTLY )LY
UL_ LU \UL JLU[YHSP[t ZLJVUKHPYL PTWVY[HU[L n
S»tJOLSSL KL S»HNNSVTtYH[PVU 5V\Z HWW\`HU[ Z\Y
SH Z[YH[tNPL K»\YIHUPZH[PVU KL SH *VUMtKtYH[PVU
L[ KLZ WYPUJPWLZ K\YHIPSPZ[LZ )LYUL_ KVP[
JVU[YPI\LY n MHPYL KL SH ]PSSL K\ IV\[ K\ SHJ \UL
HNNSVTtYH[PVU JVTWHJ[L ]LY[L L[ T\S[PWVSHPYL

; 9 ( = ( < ? + , 4 ( 0 ; 9 0 : ,





Documents similaires


guide netcode 28p poids reduit
allo dakhla


Sur le même sujet..