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The Royal Swedish Academy of Science has decided to award the Nobel Prize
in Physics for 2013 to François Englert from Belgium and Peter W.Higges,
Scotland for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to
our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which
recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental
particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron
Collider.
They are jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2013 for the theory
of how particles acquire mass. In 1964, they proposed the theory
independently of each other. In 2012, their ideas were confirmed by the
discovery of a so-called Higgs particle. The awarded theory is a central
part of the Standard Model of particle physics that describes how the
world is constructed. According to the Standard Model, everything, from
flowers and people to stars and planets, consists of just a few building
blocks: matter particles. These particles are governed by forces mediated
by force particles. The entire Standard Model also rest on the existence
of a special kind of particle: the Higgs particle. This particle
originates from an invisible field that fills up all space. Without it we
would not exist, because it is from contact with the field that particles
acquire mass. The theory proposed by Englert and Higgs describes this
process.


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