pronunciation .pdf


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1-Pronunciation of final –ed :
Final ‘-ed’ is pronounced /id/,

/id/

/t / or /d/ according to the following rules :
/t/

/d/

If the base verb ends in / t If the base verb ends in
/ or /d/.
one of these sounds
(voiceless consonants) :
/k/,/p/, /f/, /ʃ /,
/ʈʃ /, /s/ or /θ/.

If the base ends in any other
voiced consonant sound
(/d/,/b/,l/,/m/,/n/,/z/,/ð/,/g/
,/ŋ/,/r/,/v/,/dʒ/ /ʒ/ ) or a
vowel sound.

2- Pronunciation of final s :
Final ‘- s’ is pronounced /iz/,

/iz/

/s / or /z/ according to the following rules :
/s/

If a word ends with the If a word ends with any
sounds
other voiceless
consonant
(/ks/)
sound

/z/
If the base ends in any
other voiced consonant
sound (/d/,/b/,l/,/m/,/n/,/z/,
/ð/,/g/, /ŋ/,/r/,/v/,/dʒ/ /ʒ/ )
or a
vowel sound.

Practice
Activity one:
Classify the following words according to the pronunciation of their final –‘ed’:
Handed – asked – collected – parked – embezzled – played .
/t/

/d/

/id/

Activity two :
Classify the following words according to the pronunciation of their final ‘-s’:
Wages –asteroids –bribes – planets – feelings –publicizes – views.
/s/

/z/

/iz/

Lesson prepared by teacher N.A

Correction:
Activity one:
/t/
Asked - parked

/d/
Embezzled - played

/id/
Collected - handed

Activity two:
/s/
planets

/z/
Views – asteroids - bribes

/iz/
Publicizes - wages


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