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GALERIE
BUGADA & CARGNEL
PARIS

JULIO LE PARC

Hall 2.0, stand G12
1

Julio Le Parc with Continuel-Lumière Cylindre in 1962

On the cover:
Julio Le Parc with Continuel-Lumière Cylindre
1962 - 2012
wood, plexiglas, motor, light bulb
510 x 460 x 140 cm
exhibition view, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, 2013

2

JULIO LE PARC

“Generally speaking, I have tried,
through my experiments, to elicit a
different type of behavior from the
viewer […] to seek, together with the
public, various means of fighting off
passivity, dependency or ideological
conditioning, by developing reflective,
comparative, analytical, creative
or active capacities.”
Julio Le Parc

Historic figure and committed artist, Julio Le Parc (b. 1928) is a major figure
in Op and Kinetic art, founding member of G.R.A.V. (Groupe de Recherche
d’Art Visuel, or Visual Art Research Group) and recipient of the Grand Prize for
Painting at the 1966 Venice Biennale. This socially conscious artist was expelled
from France after the events of May 1968. A defender of human rights, he
fought against dictatorship in Latin America. In 1972, when the Musée d’Art
Moderne de la Ville de Paris offered him a large retrospective, Le Parc decided
whether or not to accept by flipping a coin: the exhibition did not take place.
Julio Le Parc creates interactive, social art. More than a mere play of
light and shapes, his works are activated by the viewer’s physical interaction: movements of the retina, of the body, activate paintings, sculptures and
installations that, as the artist insists, seek to “elicit a different behavior from
the spectator […] and try to search alongside the public for the means of
combating passivity, dependence or ideological conditioning, and to develop
capacities for reflection, comparison, analysis, creation and action.”
Particularly explorative of the spectator’s role, the artist creates work that
is, in his own words, both interactive and unstable. Le Parc intends to elicit a
specific reaction: faced with his work, viewers must lose their bearings then
look at their surroundings from a fresh perspective. Le Parc’s Light Works,
for instance, are more than mere visual play: they challenge our relationship
to the world. And light itself is more than a mere medium: it allows Le Parc
to achieve his goal of creating a work that is constantly changing. The result
is a never-ending, unpredictable play of light and shadow. For the visitor, it is
an immersive esthetic experience. For the artist, it is about “initiating or pursuing the demolition of traditional notions about art, its construction, display
and appreciation.”

Daria de Beauvais, exhibition catalog The Illusion of Light,
Palazzo Grassi / François Pinault Foundation, Venezia,
13.04 - 31.12.2014, Electa editions

3

The G.R.A.V., Paris, 1961. From left to right: François Morellet,
Julio Le Parc, Francisco Sobrino, Jean-Pierre Yvaral and Joël Stein.

Biography

Martha Le Parc wearing
Lunettes pour une vision autre, 1965

Julio Le Parc, Argentinian Pavillion,
Venice Biennale, 1966

1928
Birth of Julio Le Parc on September 23, 1928 in
Mendoza, Argentina.

Le Parc creates his first Reliefs and experiments
on visual instability through the use of light
and movement, starting his series of Continuels
Mobiles.

1943 - 1946
Le Parc attends evening classes at the School of
Fine Arts in Buenos Aires. He develops his interest
for avant-garde artistic movements, particularly
for his professor Lucio Fontana’s Spatialism and
the Concrete Art Invention movement.
1955
After a few years of living on the edge of society,
Le Parc enters the Higher School of Fine Arts of
Buenos Aires. Politically engaged, president of
the university’s student union, he plays an active
role in the students’ movements, and meets his
future wife Martha.
1958
Le Parc is selected to represent Argentina at the
1st Biennale de Paris, just launched by French
Minister of Culture André Malraux. He moves to
Paris where he settles.
Le Parc begins to work on the painting’s surface
and establishes unitary systems for governing the
surface and shapes.
1959
In reaction against Tachism and taking as a starting point the work of Victor Vasarely, the writings
of Mondrian and the tradition of Constructivism,
Le Parc develops a radical approach to the painterly surface.
Le Parc works on progressive sequences of forms,
first in black and white, then in colour, choosing
a unique scale of fourteen colors, which he has
not modified to this day. The choice of following
predetermined systems limits as much as possible
the expression of the artist’s subjectivity on the
canvas.
1960
Le Parc cofounds the G.R.A.V. (Groupe de
Recherche d'Art Visuel) along with Horacio
Garcia Rossi, François Morellet, Francis Sobrino,
Joël Stein and Yvaral. Nonconformists, committed, they want to set creation free and explore
new fields. G.R.A.V. is in contact with other
artists groups abroad, who also aim at taking
away the sacred aura of art and the artist: Group
N in Padua, Group T in Milan, Group Zero in
Düsseldorf…

4

1962
G.R.A.V. has its first exhibition, and Le Parc further
experiments on ligth, be it moving, projected,
reflected or pulsating.
1963
For the 3rd Biennale de Paris, G.R.A.V. creates
its famous labyrinth, a collective work bringing
together works by all its members: cylinders, mirror walls, ‘all over’, that turn visitors into actors
of their own performance, experiencing spatiotemporal disorientation.
Le Parc integrates exterior contingencies in his
works and shows increasing interest in the active
involvement of the spectator by means of play
rooms and games to be activated.
1966
Le Parc is awarded the International Grand Prix
for Painting at the 33rd Venice Biennale. The
sensorial and aesthetic experience provided by
a room filled with 40 unstable mobiles, rotating
mirrored discs, machines projecting and reflecting light into the space blurs the line separating
art into categories such as sculpture or painting.
G.R.A.V. organizes Une journée dans la rue, a
public event taking place in various streets of
Paris and involving active participation of passersby, who improvise choregraphies on Le Parc’s
Dalles mobiles. In a pre-May 68 agitprop mode,
G.R.A.V. aims at promoting a democratic type of
art and mixing life with an art filled with social
concerns.
1967
Le Parc holds his first retrospective at Instituto
di Tella, Buenos Aires, followed by retrospectives
in Caracas, Montevideo and Asuncion.
1968
G.R.A.V. is very active during the May 68 events,
and particularly Le Parc, which leads him to be
expelled from France. He cancels his participation
to Documenta in Kassel by telegram. The expulsion order is suspended five months later thanks
to the intervention of French Minister of Culture
André Malraux.

Une journée dans la rue, Paris, 1966

Actress Dany Carrel in front of Julio Le Parc’s Cloison à lames réfléchissantes
in Henri-Georges Clouzot’s movie La Prisonnière, 1968

The sort of social inteervention that G.R.A.V. was
promoting through its art having become reality
though the May 68 event, the artists decide to
disband the group.
1971
Le Parc returns to painting, a practice he has
abandonned since 1960, and develops colors
experiments on large scale canvas based his 14
color basis.
1972
Le Parc holds a retrospective exhibition at the
Kunsthalle Düsseldorf involving the participation
of the public.
He is offered a major retrospective at the Musée
d'art moderne de la Ville de Paris. Wondering
whether to accept or not, he writes a critical text
on the position of the artist and the institution.
Considering the pros and the cons balance, he
decides to leave it to chance to decide, and have
one of his sons toss a coin. The result is so that he
turns down the offer.
1975
Le Parc develops the Modulations series using
the technique of airbrush paint to obtain gradual
shades from dark to clear and a precise modulation of the surface of the canvas.
1978
Le Parc has a retrospective exhibition at the Mirò
Foundation in Barcelona.

Faites tomber les mythes, 1969

2011
Le Parc is at honor at ERRE – Variations labyrinthiques at Centre Pompidou, Metz, where he
presents several rooms with large-scale immersive light works.
2012
Le Parc inaugurates the Cultural Space Julio
Le Parc in his hometown of Mendoza.
He lightens the Obélisque of Place de la Concorde
in Paris, being the first living artist to do a project
on the historical monument – the blue Klein lightning, the only other artistic project done on the
monument, was realised long after Klein’s death.
2013
Le Parc has a major solo exhibition at Palais
de Tokyo, Paris, his first major show in a French
institution since the 1980s, some 41 years after
the retrospective that did not happen at Musée
d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.
He is the artist with the most works in the group
exhibition Dynamo. Un siècle de lumière et de
mouvement dans l’art, 1913-2013, at Galeries
nationales du Grand Palais, Paris.
2014
A large ensemble of works by Le Parc belonging to the Daros Collection is shown in Le Parc
Lumière, Casa Daros Latinamerica, Rio de Janeiro,
and his major work Continuel Lumière - Cylindre,
from to the Collection Pinault, is shown in the
exhibition The Illusion of Lights at Palazzo Grassi,
Venice.

1993
Le Parc presents an immersive light room in the
exhibition Latin American Artists of Twentieth
Century at Museum of Modern Art, New York.
2000
Le Parc shows historical light pieces at Museo
Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires; Museo
Nacional de Bellas Artes, Neuquen; Museo
Nacional de Bellas Artes, Cordoba.
2005
Le Parc participates in the exhibition Lumière
et Mouvement at Musée d’Art Moderne de la
Ville de Paris and has a major retrospective of
his light pieces, titled Le Parc Lumière, at Daros
Foundation Latin America in Zürich.

5

WORKS EXHIBITED AT ART BASEL 2014

Surfaces
Julio Le Parc began to work on the painting’s surface in 1958, with the aim of
limiting as much as possible the expression of the artist’s subjectivity on the canvas. At the time, he established ‘unitary
systems for governing the surface and
shapes, and their relation on the surface,
according to a determined program.’
In the eye of the viewer, the paintings’
surfaces seem to present a vibration.

Contorsions
The Contorsions are a prime example
of optical art, due to the stark contrast
between black and white, but also of
kinetic art with the play on a shape in
movement. The deformed metal ribbons
– contiguous or intertwined circles, vertical or horizontal curves – on stripped,
two-toned backgrounds, create a visual
disturbance, or even the semblance of an
illusion, for the viewer. These very simple
devices, creating a slow and cyclical
action, produce almost hypnotic works,
recurrent in Le Parc’s production since
the second half of the 1960s.

Déplacements
At the beginning of the 1960s, Julio
Le Parc decided to create works whose
appearance would alter according to
the viewer’s movements. The viewer is
directly involved in the artist’s creative
process, as his proximity to the work
literally endows it with life. The chosen
themes are very simple: geometric forms,
whose uniform repetition improves the
possible variations and deformations.

6

Mobiles
With a great economy of means, the
artist explores the notions of movement
and instability. He relies on the reflection of neighboring images and of light
in movement on small forms made of
Plexiglas or of metal, connected with
threads. Through his immersive practice
and by eliminating reference points, he
alters our perception of space and our
relation to it.

Lumière
Julio Le Parc began to experiment with
light in 1959. Originally, light was the
means of giving a concrete form to
several of his concerns, including the
desire to create works in perpetual
transformation. The result is ‘a constant
and unpredictable game of light and
shadow.’ For the artist, the aim of these
incredibly beautiful yet simple works is
to ‘initiate or pursue the destruction of
traditional notions about art, its elaboration, presentation and appreciation.’

Surfaces-couleur
In 1959, Julio Le Parc pursued his research on the paintings’ surface
with color, to which he applied the same treatment as he had with
shapes: he chose a unique scale of fourteen colors, which he has not
modified to this day. He worked on several series of paintings that
explored the almost infinite combinations of these colors. In 1971,
Le Parc returned to painting, a practice he had abandonned since
1960. Similar to the rest of his works, each ‘target’ painting creates a
minimalist and deductive structure where every new element stems
from the previous one. It is systematically constituted of fourteen
concentric circles of solid colours on a white background of a square
canvas: according to a simple combinatory scheme, each one of the
fourteen circles is painted in one of the fourteen colours of the spectrum. Since the system continues from one work in the series to the
next, each combination constitutes a new and unique painting.

7

Julio Le Parc
exhibition view, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, 2013

8

Séquences progressives ambivalentes
1959 - 1970
acrylic on canvas
200 x 200 cm
unique
Exhibited (selection)

Literature (selection)

• Julio Le Parc, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, February-May 2013
• Julio Le Parc, Obras 1959-1981, Museo de Bellas Artes,
Caracas, May-June 1981
• Julio Le Parc, Recherches 1959-1971 – Untersuchungen,
Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, January 21-February 27,
1972

• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pierre Arnaud,
Skira Flammarion, 2013, p. 120
• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pradel Jean-Louis,
Ed. Severgnini, 2009, p. 302-303
• Julio Le Parc, Experiencias, 30 años, 1958-1988,
exhibition catalog, Ed. Secrataria de Cultura de la Nación,
Dirección Nacional des Artes Visuales, Buenos Aires, 1988,
p. 11
• Le Parc, Cuadernos Guadalimar n°3, Ediciones Rayuela,
Madrid, 1977, p. 45
• Julio Le Parc, Recherches 1959-1971 – Untersuchungen,
exhibition catalog, Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf,
1972, p. 7

9

Cercle en contorsion sur trame
1965
wood, motor, rhodoïd
123 x 125 x 20 cm
2nd of a set of 9 unique pieces. Only 2 were produced.

10

Exhibited (selection)

Literature (selection)

• G.R.A.V. : Groupe de recherche d’art visuel 1960-1968,
Le Magasin, Centre national d’art contemporain,
Grenoble, June-September 1998
• Julio Le Parc, Experiencias. 30 años, 1958-1988,
Secretaria de Cultura de la Nación, Dirección Nacional
de Artes, Buenos Aires, 1988
• Julio Le Parc, Obras 1959-1981, Museo de Bellas Artes,
Caracas, Venezuela, May-June 1981
• Julio Le Parc, Experiències 1959-1977, Fundació
Joan Miró, Barcelone, 1978
• Julio Le Parc, Recherches 1959-1971 – Untersuchungen,
Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, 1972
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Moderna Museet,
Stockholm, 1969
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Göteborg Konsthall,
Göteborg, 1969
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Henie-Onstad Kunstsenter,
Oslo, 1969
• Luz Espacio Movimiento. Obras de Julio Le Parc,
Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, 1968
• Luz Espacio Movimiento. Obras de Julio Le Parc,
Museo de Arte Moderno, Rio de Janeiro, 1968
• Argentinean Pavillon, IX Bienal de São Paulo,
São Paulo, 1967
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Instituto Di Tella, Buenos
Aires, 1967; General Electric, Montevideo; Asuncion, 1967
• Julio Le Parc, Rétrospective, Museo de Bellas Artes,
Caracas, 1967

• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pierre Arnaud,
Skira Flammarion, 2013, p. 172-173
• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pradel Jean-Louis,
Ed. Severgnini, 2009, p. 100
• Julio Le Parc, Luz e Movimento, exhibition catalog,
Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo, 2001, Ed. Pinacoteca,
2001, p. 75
• Stratégies de participation, G.R.A.V. – Groupe de
recherche d’art visuel, exhibition catalog, Centre d’art
contemporain de Grenoble, Grenoble, 1998, p. 59
• Julio Le Parc, Experiencias, 30 años, 1958-1988,
exhibition catalog, Ed. Secrataria de Cultura de la Nación,
Dirección Nacional des Artes Visuales, Buenos Aires, 1988,
p. 39
• Le Parc: La modulazione della luce, Coopedit Macerata,
by Maurizi Elverio, 1980, p. 31
• Julio Le Parc, Recherches 1959-1971 – Untersuchungen,
Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, 1972, p. 28-29
• Julio Le Parc, exhibition catalog, Museo de Bellas Artes
de Caracas, 1967, p. 19-20
• IX Bienal de São Paulo, São Paulo, exhibition catalog,
1967, p. 33

Trame altérée
1965
wood, motor, hammered metal
60 x 60 x 60 cm; pedestal: 100 x 60 x 60 cm
3rd of a set of 9 unique pieces. Only 3 were produced.
Exhibited (selection)

Literature (selection)

• Julio Le Parc, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, February-May 2013
• Julio Le Parc, Experiencias, 30 años, 1958-1988,
Secretaria de Cultura de la Nación, Dirección Nacional
de Artes, Buenos Aires, 1988
• Julio Le Parc, Obras 1959-1981, Museo de Bellas Artes,
Caracas, May-June 1981
• Experiències 1959-1977, Fundació Joan Miró,
Barcelone, 1978
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Moderna Museet,
Stockholm, 1969
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Göteborg Konsthall,
Göteborg, 1969
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Henie-Onstad Kunstsenter,
Oslo, 1969
• Luz Espacio Movimiento. Obras de Julio Le Parc,
Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, 1968
• Luz Espacio Movimiento. Obras de Julio Le Parc,
Museo de Arte Moderno, Rio de Janeiro, 1968
• Argentinean Pavillon, IX Bienal de São Paulo,
São Paulo, 1967
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Instituto Di Tella, Buenos
Aires, 1967; General Electric, Montevideo; Asuncion, 1967
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Museo de Bellas Artes,
Caracas, Venezuela, 1967
• Argentinean Pavillon, IX Bienal de São Paulo,
São Paulo, 1967
• Argentinean Pavillon, XXXIII Venice Biennial, Venice,
June-October 1966

• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pierre Arnaud,
Skira Flammarion, 2013, p. 53
• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pradel Jean-Louis,
Ed. Severgnini, 2009, p. 91
• Julio Le Parc, Experiencias, 30 años, 1958-1988,
exhibition catalog, Ed. Secrataria de Cultura de la Nación,
Dirección Nacional des Artes Visuales, Buenos Aires, 1988,
p. 35
• Le Parc, Cuadernos Guadalimar n°3, Ediciones Rayuela,
1977, p. 56
• Groupe de recherche d’art visuel 1960-1968, G.R.A.V.,
exhibition catalog, Lago di Como, Electa Editrice,
by Birelli Diego, 1975, p. 102
• Julio Le Parc, exhibition catalog, Museo de Bellas Artes
de Caracas, Caracas, 1967, p. 6, fig. 14
• IX Bienal de São Paulo, São Paulo, exhibition catalog,
p. 30
• XXXIII Venice Biennial, exhibition catalog, Venice, 1966

11

Continuel-Mobile
1963
exhibition view, Biennale de Paris, 1963

12

Mobile noir sur noir
1960
acrylic glass, painted wood, metal and nylon thread
153 x 153 x 12 cm
2nd of a set of 9 unique pieces. Only 2 were produced.
Exhibited (selection)

Literature (selection)

• Julio Le Parc, Obras 1959-1981, Museo de Bellas Artes,
Caracas, May-June 1981
• Experiències 1959-1977, Fundació Joan Miró,
Barcelone, 1978
• Argentinean Pavillon, XXXIII Venice Biennial, Venice,
June-October 1966

• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pradel Jean-Louis,
Ed. Severgnini, 2009, p. 74
• Julio Le Parc, Recherches 1958-1988, Michael Galerie,
Darmstadt, 1992, p. 37
• Le Parc représente la République Argentine à la XXXIIIe
Biennale de Venise 1966, Ed. Denise René

13

Continuel-lumière avec 49 cylindres vitesse rapide
1967 - 2012
wood, motor, plastic, light sources
250 x 200 x 52 cm
2nd of a set of 9 unique pieces. Only 2 were produced.

14

Exhibited (selection)

Literature (selection)

• Le Parc Lumière. Kinetic works by Julio Le Parc
in the Daros Latinamerica, Casa Daros, Rio de Janeiro,
October 2013-February 2014
• Julio Le Parc, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, February-May 2013
• Le Parc Lumière. Luz en movimento, Banco de la República
de Colombia, Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango, Bogotà,
July 25-October 22, 2007
• Le Parc Lumière. Obras cinéticas de Julio Le Parc
de la colección Daros Latinamerica, Zürich, Laboratorio
Arte Alameda, México D.F., April-August 2006
• Le Parc Lumière. Kinetic Works by Julio Le Parc,
Daros Museum, Zürich, June-October 2005
• Julio Le Parc. Luz e movimento, Pinacoteca do Estado
de São Paulo, São Paulo, May-July 2001
• Julio Le Parc en el Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes,
National Museum of Fine Arts, Buenos Aires, March 2000
• Julio Le Parc. Dialogando con la luz, Espacio Contemporáneo
de Arte, Mendoza, 2000
• Espaço Julio Le Parc. Experiencias de 1959 a 1999, II Bienal
do Mercosul, Porto Alegre, November 1999-January 2000
• Julio Le Parc: les années lumière, Espace Electra,
Fondation Électricité de France, Paris, March-April 1996
• Experiències 1959-1977, Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelone, 1978;
Musée de la Résistance Salvador Allende à Nancy, Avignon,
Nanterre et Châtillon, 1977
• Recherches 1959-1971 – Untersuchungen, Städtische
Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, 1972
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, 1969
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Göteborg Konsthall, Göteborg, 1969
• Julio Le Parc, Retrospective, Henie-Onstad Kunstsenter, Oslo, 1969

• Julio Le Parc Kinetic Works, exhibition catalog, Casa Daros,
Rio de Janeiro, Ed. Katrin Steffen and Hans-Michael Herzog,
Daros Latinamerica AG, Hatje Cantz, 2013, cover, p. 95-99
• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pierre Arnaud,
Skira Flammarion, 2013, p. 44
• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pradel Jean-Louis,
Ed. Severgnini, 2009, p. 114
• Le Parc Lumière: Kinetic Works by Julio Le Parc, Daros
Exhibitions, Daros Latinamerica / Ostfildern, Hatje Cantz,
with texts by Sebastián López, Hans-Michael Herzog,
Ruth Schmidheiny, 2005, fig. 4
• Julio Le Parc. Luz e movimento, exhibition catalog,
Centro Dragão de Mar de Arte e Cultura, Museu de Arte
Contemporânea de Ceará, Fortaleza, 2001, p. 41
• Julio Le Parc. Dialogando con la luz, exhibition catalog,
Espacio Contemporáneo de Arte, Subsecretaria de Cultura –
Gobierno de Mendoza, Mendoza, p. 14
• Julio Le Parc. Arte e Tecnologia, II Bienal do Mercosul,
Porto Alegre, exhibition catalog, with texts by Leirner Sheila
and Domingues Diana, Fundação Bienal de Artes Visuais
do Mercosul, 2000
• Julio Le Parc en el Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes,
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, 2000, p. 21
• Julio Le Parc, Experiencias, 30 años, 1958-1988, exhibition
catalog, Ed. Secrataria de Cultura de la Nación, Dirección
Nacional des Artes Visuales, 1988, p. 52

Continuel-lumière avec formes en contorsion
1966
wood, motor, plastic, light
152 x 122 x 27 cm
1st of a set of 9 unique pieces. Only this piece was produced.
Exhibited (selection)

Literature (selection)

• Erre, Variations labyrinthiques, Centre Pompidou-Metz,
Metz, September 2011-March 2012
• Julio Le Parc, Obras 1959-1981, Museo de Bellas Artes,
Caracas, May-June 1981
• Julio Le Parc, Recherches 1959-1971 – Untersuchungen,
Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, January 21-February 27,
1972
• Luz Espacio Movimiento. Obras de Julio Le Parc,
Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, 1968
• Luz Espacio Movimiento. Obras de Julio Le Parc,
Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro, 1968
• Le Parc, Galerie Denise René, November-December 1966
• Argentinean Pavillion, XXXIII Venice Biennial, Venice,
June – October 1966

• Mouvement lumière participation, G.R.A.V. 1960-1968,
exhibition catalog, Musée des Beaux-arts de Rennes, Ed. Galerie
Art & Essai et Musée des Beaux-arts de Rennes, 2013, p. 127
• Erre, Variations labyrinthiques, exhibition catalog, Centre
Pompidou-Metz, Ed. Centre Pompidou-Metz, 2011, p. 162
• Julio Le Parc, Il Cinetismo, Attualita e storia a confronto,
exhibition catalog, Palazzo Ducale, Urbino, 2003, p. 40
• Julio Le Parc. Dialogando con la luz, exhibition catalog,
Espacio Contemporáneo de Arte, Subsecretaria de Cultura –
Gobierno de Mendoza, Mendoza, with a text by Sheila Leirner,
2000, p.15
• Julio Le Parc en el Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes,
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, 2000, p. 20
• Julio Le Parc, Experiencias, 30 años, 1958-1988, exhibition
catalog, Ed. Secrataria de Cultura de la Nación, Dirección
nacional des Artes Visuales, Buenos Aires, 1988, p. 53
• Catálogo General. Colección pintura y escultura latinoamericana, Museo de Bellas Artes, 1979
• Julio Le Parc, Recherches 1959-1971 – Untersuchungen,
Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, 1972, p. 38-39
• Participation – à la recherche d’un nouveau spectateur.
Groupe de recherche d’art Visuel, exhibition catalog,
Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund, 1968, p 30-31
• Le Parc, exhibition catalog, Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas,
Caracas, 1967, p.12

15

Lumières alternées
1963 - 1993
wood, motor, metal, light
600 x 400 x 40 cm
2nd of a set of 9 unique pieces. Only 2 were produced.

16

Lumières alternées
1963 - 1993
wood, motor, metal, light
600 x 400 x 40 cm
2nd of a set of 9 unique pieces. Only 2 were produced.
Exhibited (selection)
• Le Parc Lumière. Kinetic works by Julio Le Parc in the Daros
Latinamerica, Casa Daros, Rio de Janeiro, October 2013February 2014
• Erre, Variations labyrinthiques, Centre Pompidou-Metz,
September 2011-March 2012
• Julio Le Parc, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, February-May 2013
• Al calor del pensamiento. Works from the Daros Latinamerica Collection, Sala de Arte Santander, Exposiciones Boadilla,
Fundación Banco Santander, Madrid, February-April, 2010
• Le Parc Lumière – Luz en movimiento, Banco de la República
de Colombia, Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango, Bogotá,
July-October 2007
• Le Parc Lumière. Obras cinéticas de Julio Le Parc
de la colección Daros Latinamerica, Zürich, Laboratorio Arte
Alameda, México D.F., April-August 2006
• Le Parc Lumière. Kinetic works by Julio Le Parc,
Daros Museum, Zürich, JuneOctober 2005
• Espaço Julio Le Parc, Experiencias de 1959 à 1999, II Mercosul
Biennial, Porto Alegre, November 1999-January 2000
• Les années lumières, Espace Electra, Fondation Électricité
de France, March 27-April 28, 1996
Literature (selection)
• Julio Le Parc Kinetic Works, exhibition catalog, Casa Daros,
Rio de Janeiro, Ed. Katrin Steffen and Hans-Michael Herzog,
Daros Latinamerica AG, Hatje Cantz, 2013, p. 132-135
• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pierre Arnaud,
Skira Flammarion, 2013, p. 123

• Dynamo, un siècle de lumière et de mouvement dans l’art,
1913-2013, exhibition catalog, Grand Palais, Paris,
by Lemoine Serge, 2013, p. 246
• Erre, Variations labyrinthiques, exhibition catalog, Centre
Pompidou-Metz, Ed. Centre Pompidou-Metz, 2011, p. 162
• Al Calor der Pensamiento, Obras de la Daros Latinamerica
Collection, exhibition catalog, Daros Latinamerica Collection,
Edition Fundacion Banco Santander, Madrid, Daros Latinamerica AG, Zürich, 2010, p. 131
• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pradel Jean-Louis,
Ed. Severgnini, 2009, p. 302-303
• Le Parc Lumière: Kinetic Works by Julio Le Parc, Daros
Exhibitions, Daros Latinamerica / Ostfildern, Hatje Cantz,
with texts by Sebastián López, Hans-Michael Herzog,
Ruth Schmidheiny, 2005, fig. 17 and p. 182
• Julio Le Parc. Luz e movimento, exhibition catalog,
Centro Dragão de Mar de Arte e Cultura, Museu de Arte
Contemporânea de Ceará, Fortaleza, 2001, p. 60
• Julio Le Parc. Dialogando con la luz, exhibition catalog,
Espacio Contemporáneo de Arte, Subsecretaria de Cultura –
Gobierno de Mendoza, Mendoza, 2000, p. 9
• Julio Le Parc. Arte e Tecnologia, II Mercosul Biennial,
Porto Alegre, exhibition catalog, with texts by Leirner Sheila
and Domingues Diana, Fundação Bienal de Artes Visuais
do Mercosul, 2000
• Julio Le Parc en el Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes,
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, 2000, p. 31

17

Surface couleur - Série 14 n°5E
1971
acrylic on canvas
171 x 171 cm
unique

18

Exhibited (selection)

Literature (selection)

• Le Parc, Antes Y Después de Lumière, Galeria
La Cometa, Bogotà, July-August 2007
• Julio Le Parc. Dialogando con la luz, Espacio
Contemporáneo de Arte, Mendoza, 2000
• Espaço Julio Le Parc. Experiencias de 1959 a 1999,
II Bienal do Mercosul, Porto Alegre, November 1999January 2000

• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pierre Arnaud,
Skira Flammarion, 2013, p. 45
• Le Parc, Antes Y Después de Lumière, exhibition catalog,
Galeria La Cometa, 2007, p. 50
• Julio Le Parc. Arte e Tecnologia, exhibition catalog,
II Mercosul Biennial, Porto Alegre, Fundação Bienal
de Artes Visuais do Mercosul, 2000
• Le Parc, Cuadernos Guadalimar n°3, Ediciones Rayuela,
Madrid, 1977, p. 46
• Julio Le Parc, Dialogando con la luz, exhibition catalog,
Espacio Contemporaneo de Arte, Subsecretaria de Cultura
– Gobierno de Mendoza, Mendoza, p. 3

Couleurs
exhibition view, Galerie Bugada & Cargnel, Paris, 2013

Next page:
Continuel Mobile - Sphère rouge
2001 - 2013
red plexiglas, steel threads, aluminium, painted wood
sphere : 520 x 520 x 520 cm
2nd of a set of 9 unique pieces. Only 2 were produced.
Exhibited (selection)
• Julio Le Parc, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, February-May 2013
• Inauguration, Espacio Cultural Julio Le Parc, Mendoza, 2012
Literature (selection)
• Julio Le Parc, monograph, by Pierre Arnaud,
Skira Flammarion, 2013, p. 123

Continuel Mobile - Sphère Rouge is composed of almost
three thousand red translucent square-shaped elements
drawing the impressive shape of a 5 meter wide sphere in
the air. With a great economy of means, the artist explores
the notions of movement and instability. He relies on the
reflection of neighboring images and of light in movement
on small forms made of Plexiglas, connected simply with
strings. Through his immersive practice and by eliminating
reference points, he alters our perception of and our relation
to the scale of the space.
The numerous translucent elements are set into motion
by the tiniest change in the air currents. Light is trapped in
the structure, multiplied and diffused in every direction. The
beams of light are projected throughout the exhibition hall,
turning it into a panoptic screen.
Initiated in the early 1960s, the artist describes the series
Continuel Mobiles as a major step in his search for an open
work of art: “it helped me resolve the problem that preoccupied me: the diversity of situations, in one experience, the
notion of movement, the instability and the probability, the
outside contingences of the work and the will to move away
from the notion of a stable and definitive work.”
19




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