conjugation present .pdf


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Conjugaison Française
There are five main kinds of verbs in French: regular -ER, -IR, -RE; stem-changing; and irregular. Once
you've learned the rules of conjugation for each of the first three kinds of verbs, you should have no
problem conjugating regular verbs in each of those categories. The majority of French verbs are regular
-ER verbs - see the next page for a list of some common -ER verbs.
The verb form that ends in -ER is called the infinitive (in English, the infinitive is the verb preceded by the
word "to"), and -ER is the infinitive ending. The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem
or radical. To conjugate -ER verbs, remove the infinitive ending to find the stem and add the endings in
the table below.

French regular -ER verb conjugations
To conjugate an -ER verb in the present tense, remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate
endings. For example, here are the present tense conjugations for the regular -ER verbs parler (to
speak), donner (to give), and visiter (to visit):
Pronoun

je
tu
il
nous
vous
ils

Ending
-e
-es
-e
-ons
-ez
-ent

parler

> parl-

parle
parles
parle
parlons
parlez
parlent

donner

> donn-

donne
donnes
donne
donnons
donnez
donnent

visiter

> visit-

visite
visites
visite
visitons
visitez
visitent

The verb form that ends in -IR is called the infinitive (in English, the infinitive is the verb preceded by the
word "to"), and -IR is the infinitive ending. The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem
or radical. To conjugate -IR verbs, remove the infinitive ending to find the stem and add the endings in
the table below.

French regular -IR verb conjugations
To conjugate an -IR verb in the present tense, remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate
endings. For example, here are the present tense conjugations for the regular -IR verbs choisir (to
choose), finir (to finish), and réussir (to succeed):
Pronoun

je
tu
il
nous
vous
ils

Ending
-is
-is
-it
-issons
-issez
-issent

> choischoisis
choisis
choisit
choisissons
choisissez
choisissent
choisir

> finfinis
finis
finit
finissons
finissez
finissent
finir

Regular -IR verbs share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods.

> réussréussis
réussis
réussit
réussissons
réussissez
réussissent
réussir

The verb form that ends in -RE is called the infinitive (in English, the infinitive is the verb preceded by the
word "to"), and -RE is the infinitive ending. The verb with the infinitive ending removed is called the stem
or radical. To conjugate -RE verbs, remove the infinitive ending to find the stem and add the endings in
the table below.

French regular -RE verb conjugations
To conjugate an -RE verb in the present tense, remove the infinitive ending and then add the appropriate
endings. For example, here are the present tense conjugations for the regular -RE verbs descendre (to
descend), perdre (to lose), and vendre (to sell):
Pronoun

je
tu
il
nous
vous
ils

Ending
-s
-s
-ons
-ez
-ent

descendre

> descend-

descends
descends
descend
descendons
descendez
descendent

perdre

> perd-

perds
perds
perd
perdons
perdez
perdent

vendre

> vend-

vends
vends
vend
vendons
vendez
vendent

Regular -RE verbs share conjugation patterns in all tenses and moods.

Exercise
Conjugate the following verbs
1st group

2nd group

3rd group

Chercher ( Je )

Finir ( Ils )

Attendre ( Je )

Voler ( Il )

Applaudir ( Je )

Vendre ( Tu )

Demander ( Nous )

Bénir ( Il )

Entendre ( Ils )

Caresser ( Tu )

Agir ( Vous )

Mordre ( Vous )

Chercher : to look for
Voler : to steal
Demander : to ask
Caresser : to caress

Finir : to finish
Applaudir : to applaud
Bénir : to bless
Agir : to act

Correction

Attendre : to wait
Vendre : to sell
Entendre : to hear
Mordre : to bite

1st group

2nd group

3rd group

Je cherche

Ils finissent

J'attends

Il vole

J'applaudis

Tu vends

Nous demandons

Il bénit

Ils entendent

Tu caresses

Vous agissez

Vous mordez


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