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Ferdinand Duchène

TAMILLA
Tasuqilt n

Habib-Allah Mansouri

Asqamu Unnig n Timmuz$a
2007

Tamilla

IXEF AMEZWARU

Tillemlekt
Ddaw n taddart n Ti$ilt, deg îîerf mavi îîsen igerbiyen n
uεervi Meéyan. D az$al, lesqaf n yigerbiyen berrikit, udren,
ugaren s cwiî ééerb i sen-yezzin. Zzerb-agi d inijel, yeççur s
yisennanen.
Igerbiyen-agi ttwaxedmen s udellas d yilili i yeîîef ujdar
arqaqen ixav s yinzizen n lêelfa. £ef win n tama tayeffust
yefser yiwen ubernus akken ad yekkaw ; abernus-agi yevleq i
yicuvav-is imellalen imeqqranen, yettwelwiv ddaw n
yiéenéaren n yitij aêmayan. £ef tama tazelmavt yeqqim yiwen
ubellireo ibedd $ef yiwen uvar, aεenqiq-is yu$ tal$a n usekkil «
S » ; $ef wis krav, i d-yezgan $er deffir mavi, gar sin niven,
tteff$en-d iraggen, s leεqel, srid $er tegnawt tazegzawt.
Iîij qrib ad yekfu tazzla ines deg yigenni. D lawan n
lεaûer, lawan n téallit tis ukkuéet. Taqacuct n tqelmunt n
tqeccabit tufrar-d nnig n tzeggart n ééerb, ha-t-an iban-d
lmumen Meéyan, udem-is d uvεif, tamart-is d tacibant, tamu$li
ines lqayet.
Yeffe$-d s leεqel, d a$ezzfan, d arqiqan, timeêremt n
leêrir azegga$ teêmeé deg ufus aéelmav ; deg ufus ayeffus
yeîîef ûûvel i yessexdam akken ad ya$ luvu.

-5-

Ferdinand Duchène

Ileêêu s leεqel kan, srid $er yiwet tzemmurt yevervren i
d-yezgan semmuset n tmerwin n yisurifen $ef tewwurt. Yeêbes
ddaw n tili n useklu ameqqran, yessers s leεqel ûûvel ines $ef
lqaεa, d$a yessers yiman-is. Yezzi-as i yiîij s uzagur, sdat-s, $er
tama tayeffust yessers tirkasin ines tiwra$in n uglim ta sdat ta.
Yessared s lemêadra levruf d wudem-is. Yekker, yerfed
ifassen-is $er yigenni, yebda la yesdewnin :
- « Ccekran i Rebbi, Mass imavalen,
Aênin yettsemmiêen
Agellid n wass iqeîîiyen
S leεqel kan, ikemmel tasuret :
- « D Keçç i ay nεebbed, d Keçç ay netter d amεiwen
Awi-a$ d ubrid iweqmen…
Meéyan yettkemmil ta$uri n tsuret n « Teldayt »,
yeεenger, d a$ezzfan deg tqeccabit ines n taduî tamellalt
yesεan izirigen, êala tamart ines i yettembiwilen $ef yidmarenis, tamu$li ines truê akkin i yidurar n Usammer, $er yigli
azegzaw ameqqran.
Mi yessuli rrekεa taneggarut, anyir $ef lqaεa, yeqεed
iman-is, yeqqim mebla ma yuli-t-id wawal. Yeqqim kra n lweqt
la yettmeyyiz, alla$-is yufeg $er kra n tgemma tizegzawin,
yessugun tili d tasmuvi.
Leqbayel i yettûubbun $er yi$éer srusun i yiqerra nsen
mi ara d-awven sdat n lmumen Meéyan netta ttafen-t-id
yettargu, d$a ad εeddin msevfaren, wa deffir wa, ad kemmlen
ameslay nsen s leεqel, leêêun da$en s leεqel $ef wakal
aêercaw.
*
* *

-6-

Tamilla

Tabridt tettawi $er wasif, ad tebdu tserru gar tidekt.
Leqbayel keccmen s leεqel daxel n tzegzewt n yim$an i asen-dyezzin ; tura la nettwali siwa iqerra nsen i d-yufraren , attmira, ticaciyin tizegzawin $ef yiqerra nsen ; la leêêun, dima
msevfaren wa deffir wa, ttembiwilen s wanya n yiwet
ta$uct,ta$uct-nni, d taéayant, êninet :
- « Ddaw n tala n Σayn-Kerma
Taqbaylit mm-leεyun tiberkanin
Tessers tacmuxt-is
Iéenéer n waman icennu
Tacmuxt ad teççar
S nncallah
La Ilaha ila llah…»
Maca ccna-nni yeêbes $ef tikkelt mi walan yiwen
uεmam yesεan inzizen imsebriken d uqerru n yiwen wayis
ff$en-d seg umada$. Agmar-nni ileêêu s yisurifen ééayit maççi
d kra imi yeεya seg tsawent-nni i d-yettawin seg wasif. A-t-an
banen-d yinzaren n wayis-nni d wudem n umnay i t-irekben.
Leqbayel êebsen tikli nsen, rran iman nsen $er îîerf n yiwen
ubrid d aqdim d uvyiq.
Win i d-ileêêun d ileméi, yejhed yernu yemleê maççi d
kra. Abernus-is d uqendur-is zeddigit am udfel. Arkassen-is d
izegga$en, taberda ines tzewweq, txav s lxiv n wure$. Mi qrib
ad d-yawev $er Leqbayel-nni, yesseêbes agmar ines, yessers
afus-is ayeffus $ef yidmaren-is, anda yella wul-is :
- « Azul fell-awen ay irgazen ! Usi$-d seg mbeεid, yernu
yezmer lêal yeεreq-iyi ubrid. Ttnadi$ lêara n Meéyan, mmi-s n
Bakir Useddiq. Tzemrem ad iyi-temlem abrid gre$-awen
Rebbi?»
Rran-as Leqbayel-nni :
- « Azul fell-ak ay aberrani ! Lêara n uεervi Meéyan
tezga-d deg taggara n ubrid-a, sdat-k kan, qbala.»

-7-

Ferdinand Duchène

Jebden iman nsen $ef ubrid, d$a kecmen deg umada$.
Yiwen deg-sen kan i d-yeqqimen ibedd deg umkan-is,
yettmuqqul mliê amnay-nni, yenna-asen, s leεqel :
- « Anwa-t wagini i d-yusan seg mebεid, ur t-nessin ara,
yernu xas akken yessawal s tmeslayt n taddart nne$ ? »
Amnay yecmummeê, yekna ciîîuê :
- « Ay am$ar, a lbaraka, a win iêedqen, tura ad k-inoawbe$ : Deg yidurar-agi i d-lule$ snat n tmerwin d semmus n
yiseggasen aya. Ff$e$ sya mraw d semmus n yiseggasen aya.
Aql-iyi tura u$ale$-d am ubellireo-nni i d-yu$alen $er ugurbi
anda i d-ilul… deg lawan anda bennun leεcuc nsen.
*
* *
- « Azul fell-ak a baba !… Nekk d Akli, mmi-s n Si
Menûur Amrabev.»
- « Azul fell-ak a mmi !…»
Meéyan yessuter deg Wakli ad yeqqim yid-s ddaw n
useklu ameqqran :
- « Tura ma d Rebbi i k-id-ceggεen $ur-i i lmend n
t$awsa i teêwajev, ansuf yis-k, aql-iyi $ur-k akken ad ak-tt-idfke$ ma irad Wuzmir ! »
Akli yessers irkassen-is deg îîerf, yerra taqendurt-is
tamellalt $ef tgecrar-is, yessers ifassen-is $ef yimessaven-is, d$a
yenna-as :
- « Ay aεervi, a lmumen ! A win yesεan leqder meqqren
d ccan gar yimeqqranen, ilaq ad teêsuv deg tazwara, êala ma
yella teériv yakan, segmi yemmut baba u$ale$, xas akken
mazal-iyi meééiye$, d argaz awêid n uxxam. Lêemdulleh,
tamayt i Yakuc, lec$al inu lêan akken iwata lêal, nnernan
mliê, armi wwve$ ass-a ur êwaje$ la talaba la uççi. Yissetma
zewjent deg snat yid-sent, yernu s ssdaq ameqqran, tura
tewwev taswiεt anda bdi$ la ttxemmime$ ad zewje$ ula d
nekk…»
-8-

Tamilla

Yessusem kra n lweqt. Meéyan ulac acu i d-yenna,
yeqqim kan la yettraju. Ileméi-nni ikemmel deg wawal-is :
- « Ilaq ad teêsuv tura éure$ aveggal inek Mesîafa, d
aêbib-iw... wala$ tameîîut-is... Ma yella yelli-k tis snat
tettemcabi $er tmezwarut, ad tt-a$e$, ma teb$iv, ma irad
Rebbi! »
Meéyan imuqqel kra n lweqt Akli, yesεedda afus-is $ef
tamart ines tacibant, d$a yezzi ciîîuê aqerruy-is $er tama n
yigerbiyen, yessawel :
- « A Tamilla ! »
*
* *
Kra n lweqt umbaεd, ha-t-an ibedd-d tama n ééerb,
yiwen wudem d amelêan
yettecmumuê, yu$al yerwel,
yessevêa, maca yu$al iban-d i tikkelt niven.
Yenna-as Meéyan:
- « A yelli, neffud, awi-a$-d i$i ! »
Tεedda ddqiqa, ha-tt-an tu$al-d Tmilla, tikkelt-a tban-d
irkelli… lqedd usaru, tikli ines d acrured… Tleêêu s leεqel $er
tzemmurt, telsa taqendurt tazegzawt, deg yi$allen-is teddem
ûûvel, $ef tweîziyin zzin-asent ixelxalen d iéayanen
ttwaxedmen s nnêas, arkassen-is d irqaqanen.
S leεqel, mebla ma slan i lheffa ines, ha-tt-an tewwev-d.
Allen-is deg lqaεa, tessers ûûvel s leεqel $ef tmurt, d$a tekker,
allen-is mazal-iten deg lqaεa, tu$al, mebla ma terfed-d allen-is.
Akli imuqqel-itt mi tleêêu. Ifaq ddaw n wargalen-is
i$ezzfanen llant tiîîucin d tilqayanin, d tiêmayanin. Deg
wudem-is açuran, iwala yiwet n tqemmuct d tazegga$t. Yeççatt s wallen-is, yettmuqqul i$allen-is iεeryanen, ammas-is

-9-

Ferdinand Duchène

yettembiwilen daxel n tqendurt, tiweîzay-is d tirqaqin, d
tiqejjirin n teqcict tameéyant.
*
* *
Meéyan yeqqim yettmuqqul deg Wakli.
D$a Akli imuqel am$ar, yenna-as :
- « Ini-yi-d a baba, d acu n ssdaq i teb$iv ad ak-t-id-fke$
i Tmilla ? »
Meéyan iêuk i tikkelt niven tamart-is :
- « Mesîafa, mmi, yefka-yi-d tamivi d snat n tmerwin
duru $ef yelli tamezwarut, Kamir…»
Akli yerfed allen-is :
- « £ile$ d tamivi d mraw kan ? »
Meéyan yeskeêkeê s leεqel :
- « Tamivi d snat n tmerwin a mmi ! Deg tilawt, tella
yiwet n zzyada ur nettwabder ara deg leεqed… yezmer lêal
Mesîafa truê-as temsalt-a… ne$ ur ak-yessefhem ara mliê.»
Akli yecmummeê.
- « Ulac deg-s, ruê a Sidi, tamivi d snat n tmerwin n
duru… Ihi d tagi i d ssuma i teb$iv $ef yelli-k tis snat ? »
Am$ar yecmummeê ula d netta, yebda la yetthuzzu deg
uqerruy-is :
- « Dagi d rregmat i treggmev deg yiman-k a mmi-s n Si
Menûur amrabev ! Amek ? Keçç i iwalan tiêdayin inu deg snat
yid-sent, ur tezmirev ara ad tefkev azal i thuski n yelli tis
snat!… Gre$-ak Rebbi, maççi d asexlev gar tixsi d tzerzert i
tesexlavev? »
Akli yeqqim la yettmuqqul deg Meéyan s leqder
ameqqran, d$a yenna-as :

- 10 -

Tamilla

- « Tura ma ad nu$al $er tidet a baba, d azlam kan i
zelme$ udem n yelli-k tamezwarut, yernu iéri-w yejhed maççi
d kra…»
Meéyan yegzem-as awal :
- « Ah ya Rebbi ! D tidet, d mmi-s n Si Manûur uêdiq…
Maca awal tenniv-t-id s timmad-ik : udem !… Tzelmev-t !…
udem !! D aya kan !!! Maca udem maççi d kulci. Ini-yi-d acêal
ara tefkev i wudem n tin i yufraren gar têurtin ?... Lbaqi ula d
netta yesεa azal-is a mmi… teériv annect-a… acku tamu$li
inek s wazal-is,… yernu, zgellin-a, mi truê yelli tis snat…»
Ur yekfi ara awal-is, imuqqel mliê ileméi deg wallen,
yeqqim la yettraju… Akli yessusem ula d netta kra n lweqt, d$a
imal $er deffir, yeîîerveq d tavsa.
- « Tamayt i Yakuc, Lêemdullah a Ccix Meéyan, ay
aεervi ! Tamayt i Yakuc i k-id-yefkan gar wacêal n yimerkiden
leêdaqa deg tnezzut ! Maççi $ur-k ara a$en timéin ddaw n
ssuma n ssuq ! »
Am$ar-nni yessers i wallen-is, ikerrec icenfiren-is, s
leεqel kan, yenna-as :
- « Yal yiwen iletha kan s lec$al-is. Am wakken i dyeqqar lemtel “Ëala iccer inek i izemren ad ak-yekmez akken
ilaq ! ”»
Te$li-d tsusmi gar sin yirgazen i tikkelt niven. Yenîeq
Akli, yenna-as :
- « Efk-iyi-d ssuma i teb$iv ! »
Udem n Meéyan yeqqim akken yella, ulac acu i
ibeddlen deg-s :
- « Ur êemmle$ ara ad ssugte$ awal d wid
yettsawamen.»
- « D asawem i k-sawme$ ihi ? »
- « D wagi i tettnaviv »

- 11 -

Ferdinand Duchène

- « Efk-iyi-d ssuma-inek, ay am$ar uεqil. Ad twaliv
umbaεd »
Meéyan imuqqel mliê ileméi-nni, yenna-as :
- « Snat timmav n duru ! »
Udem n Wakli yenbeddal.
- « A baba imi ur têemmlev ara asuget n wawal d wid
yettsawamen, ooi$-k deg lehna d talwit, am wakken ssarame$
ad yeεmer uxxam-ik.»
Yekker… Meéyan yeddem seg loib n uqendur-is yiwen
yiccew yettureqqmen, yerfed azal n rrefεa n cemma. S tigawtagi ur yeb$i ara ad ya$ afus n yileméi-nni. D$a yenna-as s
leεqel kan :
- « Snat n timmav n duru… yirbeê ! kkes yiwen seg snat
n tmerwin am wakken i teqqar lεada n tnezzut… anamek n
waya… Timmav d téat n tmerwin n duru.»
- «Nekkini am keççini i lli$ a baba, ur êemmle$ ara ad
sawme$… ad ak-d-fke$ timivi d ukkuéet n tmerwin n duru $ef
Tmilla.»
Tεedda ddqiqa… yerra-as :
- « Nni$-ak : timivi d tameî n tmerwin »
- « Nenna-d timivi d ukkuéet n tmerwin d semmus…
yernu bezzaf ! »
- « Ala, awal aneggaru : timivi d sat n tmerwin d
semmus ! »
Akli ihuzz aqerruy-is, yu$al $er umkan anda yeqqen
agmar ines deg tidekt.
Yenna-as Meéyan :
- 12 -

Tamilla

- « Ah ya Rebbi ! ruê a Sidi, d timivi d sat n tmerwin…
duru ur yettxassa ara… yernu wagi $ef ljal n lmerêum n
um$ar n baba-k.»
Ileméi-nni yu$al s amkan-is yeqqim… Mebla ma yuli-tid wawal, yefka-as i um$ar-nni agarru... Qqimen la tessen
dduxan, wa iqubel wa, la ttemyexéaren deg tsusmi. D$a u$alen
$er umeslay, s leêdaqa d lîafa…
Azgen n ssaεa umbaεd, ssawven ad mtafaqen : Tamilla
tenza s tmivi d semmuset n tmerwin duru.
*
* *
Tamilla ulac acu i teéra. Ulac acu ara téer tameddit-nni,
acku baba-s ad yawi Akli $er uxxam n yiwen umeddakkel
nsen. Ulac acu ara téer azekka-nni da$en, acku baba-s akked
uxvib-is ilaq-asen ad sgarwen tajmaεt, asqamu n taddart,
iwakken ad arun leεqed n zzwao. Yernu ma yettu baba-s, ur
as-yeqqar acemmak, dayen izemren ad yevrun, ulac acu ara
téer da$en deg wussan i d-ileêêun.
Zrin wussan. Meéyan itett, itess, yettqeggil, yeqqar
Leqran, yettali $er taddart ne$ yetûubbu $er wasif,… Tεedda
ddurt, yiwet n tmeddit, yenna-as i tmeîîut-is :
- « Senze$ yelli-m. Heggi-as-d lqecc n tissulya.»
Tamilla teqqim deg yiwet te$mert, tesla i lehdur n babas. Terfed aqerruy-is. Meéyan, s leεqel kan, yerfed yiwet n rrefεa
seg yiccew ines yettureqqmen … Aqerru n teqrurt yunez.
Baba-s yefka-tt i zzwao, d netta i d amvedder n uxxam. Asmi
ara as-yehwu, ad as-imel isem n urgaz-is …

- 13 -

Tamilla

IXEF WIS SIN

Tissulya
Yewwev-d lawan n uheggi n lqecc n tissulya. Σlaêsab n
leεwayed n taddart, Meéyan yeqbel ad yeoo ciîîuê, ciîîuê mavi,
seg ssdaq akken ad d-a$ent talaba ilaqen, ayen i d-yeggran
(lkettan yelhan, is$unen, zzigat n uzref ne$ n wure$) d isli ara
tent-id-yawin.
Yemma-s n Tmilla tesεa tura yiwen usmad n îam duru
$er Laêrac azuran, aqehwaoi aεrab n Ti$ilt. Laêrac-agi maççi
ala ifenoalen i yesnuz, ad d-tafev $ur-s lfina, tibratin, dduxan d
cemma, tisfifin, lmaεun, lemrawi, tirûasin akked leεîer. Ahat i
tikkelt tis kravet ne$ tis ukkuéet deg yiwet n ddurt, Lakri
tabaêant akked yelli-s qelbent taêanut i d-yezgan tama n
lqehwa n uârab, s uεeggev n lfeôê mi ara walint kra n yilzazen
yelhan, ne$ s uεeggev $ef umzenzu mi ara sent-d-imel azal n
sselεa-nni.
Yewwev-d wass anda i yekfa usmad-nni. Taêanut n
Laêrac tu$al-as-d talwit segmi sebrurin igerbiyen n Meéyan.
Deg yal ddqiqa la fessint, fessrent, ad jemεent, ad
sekmummsent tifularin d tqendyar, am wakken qqiment la
ttqellibent $ef lemri ameéyan i ufant $ef tgertilt anda tqeyyel
Tamilla, acêal n tikkal deg wass ttwalint ma mazal taqerεet n
leεîer d twemmust n ljawi deg umkan nsen daxel n tsenduqt n

- 15 -

Ferdinand Duchène

us$ar yesεan ini adal d uwra$, tasenduqt isekkren s tsarut
yettuεellqen deg tbagust n Tmilla.
Tεedda ddurt. Ass n warim i d-iteddun, Mesîafa,
aveggal amezwaru n twacult, yewwi-d $ef userdun lqecc n
tisullya i d-iceyyeε win ara yu$alen d aslif ines.
Deg tilawt, aslif-agi yexdem lec$al akken iwata :
tiqmejtin, tiqendyar n leêrir yulmen s uéref, tibagusin n
wure$, tiserwalin tihrawanin, iûebbaven yettureqqmen,
tizebgatin, ixelxalen, tizurar n lmerjan, tixelxalin..., d tidet,
yefka-d udem n usaxi. Amdan-a yetturebba, d aêninan, yelha,
yernu Mesîafa d mmi-s n udrum-is, yessen-it, d netta i t-idyuznen.
Mesîafa yecmumeê, maca Tamilla tessen-it da$en !
Twala-t yettmeslay akked Meéyan ddaw n tzemmurt. Tewwias-d i$i. Deg tidet, Akli yeêka-as-d kulci.
Mesîafa yennecraê aîas. Tamilla, tbedd deg umkan-is
mebla aêerrek, tessers i uqerruy-is, tessusem.
£as akken deg tlemmast n lxir i tbedd, teqqim tbedd
kan, aqerruy-is deg lqaεa.
Akli ! Deg tazwara t$il d anawur i d-yusan $er taddart
nsen ! Tura tecfa fell-as, tecfa d ileméi, yesεa lhiba, am wakken
yesεa ccla$em; tu$mas-is d timellalin, ifassen-is d ifassen n
lqavi. Ih, twala kulci mebla ma tessebgen-d i walbaεv
tettmuqul, s usmen$er n tiî, ddaw n wargalen-is i$erzzfanen. D
Akli-agi, uzyin, asaxi, i yeb$an ad tt-ya$.
Terfed aqerruy-is, tesuffe$-d iles-is akken ad tettmesxer
$ef Mesîafa ur yeêbisen ara aqejjem deg-s. S yifassen-is
irqaqanen tebda aqelleb deg lkettan-nni, tenna-as i wul-is hatt-an tewjed akken ad tu$al d tameîîut n Wakli.
- 16 -

Tamilla

Ass amerbuê qrib ad d-yawev. Seldazekka ssbeê,
Tamilla ad d-taf iman-is teîîes ddaw n ssqef n bab-is amaynut,
axxam n Wakli ad yu$al d axxam-is.
Maca Akli yezde$ deg Delles, d tamdint i d-yezgan
agemmav-inna, tama ugafa. Ilaq ad ff$en zik seg taddart, acku
Meéyan yenna-asen amecwaô $ezzif maççi d kra.
Lakri tεawen yelli-s akken ad tali $ef tegmart tacebêant
i yeîîef Mesîafa. Taberda yellan $ef u$ersiw tettemcabi $er
yiwet n t$er$ert taleqqaqt, asenned ines d imdewwer, wagi
irkelli yettwaffer ddaw n yiwen ubeênuq azegga$. Tamilla
teqqim $ef tberda-nni yettemcabin $er lεecc, tejmeε ivarren-is,
tessider tabagut ines, teqεed inefvas n tqendurt-is. Ddaw n
yiéenéaren n tafrara tvegger tamu$li taneggarut $ef yigerbiyen
ara teoo i lebda.
Ibellireo i yebnan lεecc ines $ef ssqef n yiwen seg
yigerbiyen yesse$zef aεenqiq ines, aqjun yeqqim la ttyettmuqul, yetthuzzu tazeεkukt-is, amcic $as akken yesseεsaqit Mesîafa yettu$al-d dima akken ad yelêu gar yivarren n
tegmart.
Tamilla tserreê i yiwet nnehta, s leεqel kan, maca imirnni kan tesfev imeîîawen-is. Neooa-awen lehna, ar tufat, ar
tufat! Delles tebεed maççi d kra, ilaq ad nruê.
*
* *
D Meéyan i d-yefkan tanbadî akken ad bdun tikli.
Tekker-d yiwet n zzedwa tameqqrant tama n yigerbiyen.
Amkan yu$al yeççur d leεyav, tavsa, ti$ratin d tiyita n lbarud,
ha-tt-a tban-d yiwet n terkeft n kravet ne$ ukkuéet n tmerwin
n yimdanen. Azerbabuε n yiεudiwen d yiserdyan u$en abrid n
tkessart i yettεeddayen tama n tzemmurt, sin akin ad idewwer
tama n wasif.
- 17 -

Ferdinand Duchène

Ass yebda yettali, d aêmayan. Daxel n tmada$t yeççuren
s nnda, Tamilla tettecmummuê. Tettecmumuê i nnda, i
tmada$t, i umaval irkelli. Tettecmumuê ula i t$awsa
tameéyant. £ur-s nettat ula d ti$awsiwin timeéyanin sεant azal.
Ayen yeεnan iqeffafen yeddan yid-s ad naf Mesîafa…
Ah ya Rebbi Mesîafa ! Mesîafa yelhan, Mesîafa azuran $ef
ugmar n lqayed, deg ufus-is abeckiv, $er tama-s d aqehwaji n
Ti$ilt, Laêrac, d amufay maççi d kra yerkeb $ef yiwen ugmar d
amecîuê, nnefû d aberkan, nnefû niven d amellal ! Umbaεd ad
d-yas userdun n « lqecc n tssulya », d yiwen u$ersiw d
ameqqran, yerked yernu yejhed, tasenduqt n us$ar yettuseb$en
s wadal d uwra$ $ef yal idis, irkeb-it yiwen uqrur yennecôaê.
Ayen yeεnan tilawin, ta tessawal i ta seg mbeεεid. Kamir
tessuîîuv mmi-s, d aberkan am usinigali.
A-ten-id wwven $er wasif, ilaq ad zegren. Asif-nni
yeççur s yijdi azegga$ llan ara izmezyen imdewren, deg wasifnni tettazzal yiwet n téenéert tuvyiqt n waman îîirriqen ddaw
n yicerriqen n yiîij. Tamilla terfed allen-is.
Ti$ilt tettbin-d tjerjer mliê. Tettbin-d tama taéelmavt,
amzun teckunîev $er tgemmunt, seg usawen-nni tettbin-d
εlayet maççi d kra. Deg ukessar-nni yettbin-d yiwen umkan d
adal, d tizemrin ! Wayev meqqer fell-as cwiî, d imsebrek, d
igerbiyen ! Neooa-awen lehna ! Ar timlilit !
£er tama niven n wasif yella yiwen udrar, d ad$a$
yernu ijerjer, yebva $ef sin, ad as-tiniv s tkuba i yettwawet.
Tabrivt tennev, tikwal d alluy, tikwal d akessar, armi wwven
$er talat tasemmavt.
Aîas i lêan deg yiwen ubrid uεdil yeççur s yim$an, deg
yal tama llant leonanat n ççina d wurtan n tneqlin. La leêêun
tama n yiêerqan n tzemrin d tebêirin n yibawen. Deg tebrivtagi, irgazen ttsellimen fell-asen, ma yella d tiqcicin timelêanin,
- 18 -

Tamilla

timeqqranin ttecmumuêent i Tmilla. Mazal-a$ deg tmurt n
Leqbayel tilawin ur ttneêjabent ara.
Mi yeêma lêal, deg lawan n trurit n uzal, teêbes
terkeft-nni deg tili sdat yiwet n tala i wumi zzint kravet n
tzemrin.
Tiêbulin n yilni wwant, ttenîagent seg ufus $er wayev.
Mi d-yekker uqehwaji amufay ad iheggi lkanun, yekkes-d seg
ucwari mraw n yifenoalen, yekker yiwen umennu$ gar lxuoa d
Mesîafa acku asebsi a$ezzfan n umezwaru i iεerqen ufan-t
yettwaffer daxel n ubeckiv n wis sin.
Mi d-ters telwit, yeqqim Meéyan $ef tmurt, isenned $er
tzemmurt, yebda la asen-d-iêekku yiwet n teqsivt yevran. D
taqsivt n yiwet n taddart i d-yezgan $ef tqacuct n udrar
yejrejren maççi d kra. Imdanen ized$en aza$ar uroin ulin $urs, wid i t-ized$en leεmer ûubben seg wass-nni, s lqevra n
Rebbi,yettwarfed uéekka n umôabev imevlen din, taddart ula d
netta tettwarfed $er yigenni.
Umbaεd taéallit n lεaûer, tarkeft tebda tikli. Bdan alluy,
ur êbisen ara seg walluy, tasawent teîîafar tayev. Uqbel
lme$reb, êebsen deg taddart taneggarut n tmurt n Leqbayel.
Azekka-nni mi ara d-yenqer yiîij, ad εeddin i ti$ilt,
yernu syin zemren ad walin ddaw-atsen tamurt n Waεraben
akked Delles.
*
* *
Iéenéaren iwra$en n yiîij i d-icerqen u$en akk ti$ilt.
Delles tban-d ddaw n udrar. D taddart tameqqrant, meqqret
mliê, nezmer ad nini meqqret snat n tmerwin n tikkal $ef
Ti$ilt, yernu d tamellalt am udfel. Tamilla tewhem, la
tettmuqqul s tsusmi, tbedd deg umkan-is, allen-is ttwalint kra n

- 19 -

Ferdinand Duchène

t$awsiwin uroin twala-tent. Tettwali seg mebεid tamdint
tafôansist akked yilel.
Sin akin tezzi $er Lankri i ileêêun tama-s. Twala yiwen
n us$um, d$a teîîerveq s tavsa. Ah ! D lêayek. Deg tmurt n
waεraben akked temdinin, tilawin ur zmirent ara ad ff$ent
mebla ma êejbent. Qqaren-d dakken ur tteff$ent ara aîas.
Tamilla teqqen anyir-is. Imir-n kan tεedda sdat n wallen-is
yiwet n tugna, maca ur tεeîîel ara. Tella tessugun ifassen n
Wakli yettemcabin $er tidak n lqavi, akked ccla$em ines
tirqaqanin. A-tt-an tura la tekkat deg userdun s u$anim akken
ad i$iwel tikli.
*
* *
Acêal i temxalaf taddart-agi n Yirumiyen $ef tuddar
niven ! Taddart-agi yezzi-as-d yiwen u$rab d ameqqran i
yesεan iîiîucen $ezzifit yernu d uvyiqen. Abrid i tesεa hraw
mraw n tikkal $ef yiberdan n Tmurt n Leqbayel. Ugar n waya,
a$rab-agi zeggrent snat n tewwura timeqqranin. Meqqrit snat
n tikkal $ef sin n lesquf n yigerbiyen.
Ttu$aven yigerbiyen-nni yesεan lesquf yettwabnan s
udellas d yilili. Ur ttbinin ara mavi sdat n yixxamen-agi
imeqqranen yebnan s yiéra ! Mi ara nu$al $er tilawt ad naf
ixxamen-agi la rennun deg te$zef. Ha-t-a yiwen i ten-i$elben
irkelli, εlay mliê, taqacuct-is tebna amzun d ûûemεa anda yella
yiwen lεecc d imdewwer.
Lakri tεeggev $ef Tmilla, tessuter deg-s ad tessusem, d$a
tessefhem-as s leεqel belli lêara-nni tameqqrant d ljameε n
Yirumiyen.
Tamilla tenεetbar, tewhem kan. Tezzi-d $er deffir anyir
yekres, deg lawan-nni tekker yiwet n zzedwa : ti$ratin d tiyita
n lbarud ççurent abrid ideg llan leêêun iqeffafen. Tettwaêres
- 20 -

Tamilla

gar l$aci yettneggizen, tiyita n lbarud sεeégen-tt, temlel n
yi$raben sder$len-tt, ur teéri ara anda tella, testeqsay sani i
tleêêu, teqmec allen-is, teckunîev $er tberda.
Aserdun yeêbes. Tamilla tufa-d iman-is deg tlemmast n
yiwen umraê iwumi zzint texxamin seg yal tama.
Tilawin ttîilint seg yal tama lsant tiqendyar n leêrir,
qqnent is$unen, ttezmumugent, ttselliment fell-as, Mesîafa d
Meéyan seg tama nsen ttεawanen-tt akken ad d-ters seg zzaylanni.
*
* *
Tilawin-nni d tiyessetmatin ne$ d tivulatin n Wakli.
Zzu$rent tislit s tem$awla $er yiwet n texxamt d tasemmavt,
i$raben-is seb$en s uzegzaw. Ssudnent-tt irkelli, streêben yis-s
mliê. Sakin qqiment $ef yiwet n téerbit, zzint-as irkelli.
Seôwant-as tiéivanin akked ifenoalen n lqehwa yeêman. D$a
bdant isteqsiyen $ef taddart-is, lec$al-is akked wayen têemmel.
Teêka-asent inig ines, am wakken i asent-temmeslay $ef uqjun,
amcic d yibellireo. Ïîrevqent d tavsa, nnant-as ur ye$liv ara
win i am-isemman « Tamilla », bdant la tt-ssudunent, seg
teswiεt $er tayev ad mmeslayent gar-asent s yiwet n tutlayt ur
tefhim ula yiwen n wawal.
Isendyaq-nni n us$ar yettuseb$en s uwra$ d wadal
skecmen-ten $er texxamt-nni tazegzawt. Tilawin bdant
ttekksent s leêder ameqqran ti$awsiwin tuzyinin yeddan deg
lqecc n tissulya i as-d-yefka Wakli. Tilawin ur êbisent ara
ameslay, rrant $er îîerf ti$awsiwin i walant zadent deg ccbaêa,
imir bdant azeyyen n Tmilla.
Cwiî kan uqbel n lme$reb, kfan aselsi i tislit, sin akin
wwint Tamilla $er texxamt niven s nnecraêa d tavsa. Yuli
yiwen liéar, tekcem… imir-n kan tu$al $er deffir acku twala

- 21 -

Ferdinand Duchène

deg yiwen ukatar aceεlal i tt-iqublen yiwet n teslit i tleêêu-d
$ur-s !
Imdanen yellan dinna îîervqen d tavsa. « A taqcict, a
tamecîuêt, a taderwict ! Tin i tettwaliv d tislit niven, d
kemmini.» Deggrent-tt s leεqel armi d taxzant yesεan lemri
ddaw n tafat tawerdit i d-yekkan deg kravet n teftilin yellan
deg texxamt.
*
* *
Tamilla tennul lemri s ufus-is. D nettat i tettwali s
lekmal-is. Anna$ a lemri amecîuê anda ur tezmir ad twali êala
yiwet n tama n wudem-is ! Teεqel iman-is : d tidet, d nettat,
tislit tamecîuêt, d$a tezmumeg mi twala tislit-nni tecbeê maççi
d kra.
Maca sani ruêent tilawin-nni ? Ha-tt-a tura teqqim
weêd-s deg texxamt tameqqrant, tnewweô tafat, teççuô s
yiruken $layit mliê : tazerbit tazurant, ikersiyen iwra$en am
wure$, yiwen n waruk d ahrawan i$umm s yiwen uêayek n
leêrir… ahat ilaq i yives ? Tiftilin ttwaxedmen ahat s zzoao,
ttakkent aîas n tafat yernu ur d-suffu$ent ara abbu. Deg yiwet
n te$mert yella da$en yiwen ucbali yettwaxdem s wuzzal anda
treqq yiwet n t$awsa yettakken yiwet n rriêa ack-itt. D tidet d
leεîer yelhan ! wagi irkelli irennu i uz$al yellan yakan. Leênakis u$alen d izegga$en, tuzzel $er lemri akken ad twali iman-is
amek i tu$al.
Ala, leênak-is u$alen d iweôdiyen, d aya kan. Tu$al $er
lemri akken ad twali iman-is i tikkelt niven. Imi weêd-s i tella
deg texxamt, tebda la tettmuqqul iman-is. Tebda tettezzi $ef
yiman-is akken ad tefk azal i tlaba n teslit i telsa. Tebda
tettcuffu deg yidmaren-is am wakken twala xedment tceîîaêin
i d-yettruêun $er taddart. Tεennen idmaren-is deg tmelêeft
taweôdit yettuxaven s wure$. Tebda la tettêerrik deg waggus-is

- 22 -

Tamilla

iwakken ad twali mliê tibacmaqin ines tiwra$in, taé avar-is
ayeffus $er sdat.
Deg tilawt, talaba ines tecbeê maççi d kra, yernu ula d
nettat temleê mile ! Ula d nettat tebda têemmel ad tmuqqel
iman-is, ad twali iman-is tecbeê. S leεqel kan, terfed i$allen-is
tiεeryanin, tessers ifassen $ef yimi n teqcict yellan sdat-s,
tceyyeε yiwen n usuden $er tugna ines.
Icebbeh-as-d Rebbi tεedda-d yiwet n ticci deffir-s. Tezzi
$er deffir, tenneêcam maççi d kra, telle$wi. Zi$ d argaz-is, d
amnay-nni ileméi, ahuskay-nni i tt-yeîîfen gar yi$allen-is,
iêewwi-tt, yesmal udem-is $er win n Tmilla. Taqcict tu$al d
tawra$t, aqerruy-is yu$al $er deffir, tserreê i yiman-is,
tessusem, imi-s yeldi, ma d allen-is qemcent…

- 23 -

Tamilla

IXEF WIS KRAV

TAYRI
Zrin sin wagguren $ef tme$ra n Tmilla. Ivelli kan ulac
acu i teéra. D tinuvin ines i as-nnant taûebêit-a. Tinuvin-nni
ufant iman nsent ilaq ad as-mlent kulci. Smektant-as-id
tigawin i texdem kra tekka, yiwet-yiwet, sxedment ula ivuvannsent akken ad as-sfehment.
Deg taggara mavi, imi tettuqenneε Tmilla s lehdur n
tnuvin ines, εeggnent-as d lεib $ef tmeîîut ad d-tmel leêmala i
têemmel argaz-is am wakken i xeddmen… d$a imi tt-walant
teneêcam irkelli, serrêent-as i tavsa, bdant la tt-sudunen,
akkagi i sεeddant ass s lekmal-is, êala ti$imit d uqeûûer, ur
xdiment iqiê.
*
* *
Taseεdit d Yamina d tinuvin-ines, ula d nitenti zed$ent
deg uxxam-nni. Krav n yixxamen, yal axxam yeîîef yiwet n
tama n umraê i tent-icerken, tama tis ukkuéet d addaynin,
nnig-s tella teεrict.
Argaz n Tseεdit ssawalen-as Saεid, d netta i d lxuoa n
t$iwant. Win n Yamina qqaren-as Mexluf ameqran, zik yella d
asbayêi, tura rran-t d amnay n t$iwant. Akli ula d netta yesεa
axeddim, sin i yesεa : axeddim amezwaru deg uxxam n ccreε,
wis sin d îîerjman deg ûûbitar aserdasi.
- 25 -

Ferdinand Duchène

Imdanen-agi irkelli ttemsefhamen gar-asen mliê.
Tilawin deg kravet yid-sent d tilmeéyin, zgant nnecraêent.
Yamina d Tseεdit ddant-d d tislatin deg yiwen wass, lqecc n
ssdaq nsent ur yemgarad ara aîas. Am wakken ilindi sεant deg
snat yid-sent aqcic. Ihi ulac ula d yiwet n ssebba akken ad
nna$ent. Yernu segwasmi d-tusa Tmilla seg taddart tu$al-asent
d cc$el, lethant kan yid-s, b$ant ad tt-beddlent akken ad ttrrent d taêevrit.
Ula d irgazen ttemsefhamen gar-asen : lhiba i yesεa
uxeddim nsen yerra-ten d imdanen yettuqadaren deg lêara n
waεraben, d tagi da$en i d ssebba i ten-yerran ttmuqulen s yir
tamu$li timsal timecîaê i d-igellun s umennu$ d beîîu gar
yimdanen. Yernu tisebêiyin mi ara ff$en ur ttemlilin ara.
Timeddiyin ttemlilin deg lqahwa, maca ur ttilin ara weêd-sen.
Mi ara kecmen lwaêid s axxam ur ttεeîîilen ara akken yal
yiwen deg-sen ad yekcem s axxam-is. Ugar waya deg krav yidsen cerken akal, d axxam aqdim iwumi yezzi ugeîîar d uzgen n
wakal i d-yezgan sin yikilumitren $ef temdint, gar ubrid n
«Rebéval » d yilel.
Yernu imi d-wwint awal $ef uxxam-agi aqdim, Yamina
d Tseεdit smektant Tamilla belli a-tt-an tura tekcem deg
waggur wis sin segwasmi tedda tislit.
Am yiseggasen yezrin, ilaq ad ruêen $er uxxam-agi
akken ad sεeddin lwaêid kra n ledwaô mi ara yeêmu mliê lêal.
Maca a-t-a yewwev-d lweqt n tmegra. Ihi yewwev-d lawan n
uxemmem $ef uheggi n rrêil.
*
* *
Rrêil-agi maççi d aqeûûer. Tilawin ur êebbsent ara
leqdic, ad as-tiniv $er lqern n ddunit i leêêunt. Krav n wussan
aya, Taseεdit d Yamina tteqliliêent, ad alint, ad ûubbent, ad
êazent ikersiyen ad ldint tixzanin, ad suff$ent akk ayen yellan
- 26 -

Tamilla

deg yisendyaq yeççuren, ad ççarent isendyaq ilmawen, ad
vebbqent, ad fesrent lqecc, ad εiwdent i uvebbeq, seg teswiεt
$er tayev ad êebsent akken ad ccektint belli mmutent seg
εeggu, ad bdunt asbuêru, sin akin ad u$alent $er leqdic nsent.
Tamilla tebda tettεanad tinuvin ines, ula d nettat la tettvebbiq,
la tfesser, sin akin ad tebdu asbuêru, ad tekker ur tett$imi ara
deg umkan-is, tettawi tettara am Tseεdit d Yamina. Ula d nettat
tezga tennecraê.
Tallit n leqdic d ddêis daxel n uxxam qrib ad tekfu.
Mraw ne$ mraw d sin n yisendyaq n us$ar sersen-ten wa sdat
n wa deg umraê.
Ass-agi d ass aneggaru, leqdic ad yili deg berra, yernu
maççi d yiwet, $ef waya yessefk fell-asent ad bdunt axeddim
seg tnezzayt.
Tamilla ar tura teffe$ sin yiberdan kan, mazal ur
tennum ara leεwayed n têevriyin n Delles, yernu s tavsa i
tettlus aserwal amellal « S yisebbaven-agi izegga$en ad $ilen d
aslif-iw Mexluf amnay ! » Tettavsa da$en mi ara d-terr aεvaf
ines ddaw n wallen mi ara teffer iman-is ddaw n uêayek.
Imir-n kan ad truê akken ad tmuqel iman-is deg lemri,
tikkelt-a tserreê-as i yiwet n nnehta. Ay Aênin ! Yakuc Mass n
yimavalen ! D acu-t ujenniw-agi, amazan n Cciîan yesεan allen
izellafen n tmeîîut, i$umm s lkettan amellal swayes ddalen
Leqbayel lmeyytin nsen mi ad ten-awin $ef yiserdyan !
Yernu d tidet, allen n ujenniw-agi ack-itent, allen-agi
ttbinent am wakken ifent tidak n Tmilla deg ccbaêa, acku ur
neéri ara ma yella allen-agi i tettmuqqul ines ne$ xaîi. Yernu
ayen yesevsayen deg temsalt-a imi ur neéri ara tiririt. D wagi i
d lêijab yessewêacen ? Maççi d ayen iweεren !

- 27 -

Ferdinand Duchène

Sin n yijenniwen niven kecmen $ef yiwen ubrid. «£iwel!
£iwel ! T$ilev nesεa lweqt akken ad nwali iman-nte$ deg
lemri? » Imi neîqent tnuvin ines $ef yiwen n ubrid, Tamilla
teîîerveq d tavsa, sin akin tebda la tettqellib anta i d-ineîqen d
tamezwarut, d Yamina ne$ Taseεdit.
*
* *
Wwvent tura $er ubrid yesεan îîruj. Leêêunt ta deffir
ta, msevfarent, ttemcabint mliê, ur tezmirev ara ad txedmev
lferq gar-asent. Tûubbunt deg tsusmi, iqerra nsent $er lqaεa
akken ad walint anda i srusuyent ivarren nsent, ixelxalen
nsent îîerviqen. £ef yidmaren nsent, ttbinen-d ivuvan nsent d
izegga$en seg lêenni.
Tura la leêêunt deg u$lad ahrawan afranûi i yettawin
seg tewwurt n temdint $er tayev. A$lad-agi yezga-d rrif n yilel.
Leêêunt tama n lêara n Yirumiyen.
Deg ubrid bdant la heddrent s leεqel kan, sin akin
ssusment kra n lweqt uqbel ad îîervqent d tavsa. Sdat n
tnariyin n t$iwant yella yiwen ukersi ahrawan yettwaxdem s
us$ar. £ef ukersi-agi yeqqim yiwen urgaz, agarru deg yimi,
aqerru isenned $ef lêiv, yettnuddum. Argaz-nni d Mexluf !
Mexluf ur igir ara lbal-is i kravet n tlawin i iεeddan
sdat-s. Mebla ma iêerrek seg umkan-is, s tmara i yerfed i$il-is
akken ad yawi agarru-nni $er yimi-s.
Iwemmusen-nni deg krav yid-sen u$en abrid nsen,
heddren s leεqel kan. Mi wwvent tama n usensu « La Colonie »,
ufant iman nsent yessefk fell-asent ad êebsent, acku
mmugrent-d iserdasen tturaren aéawan, a$ella nsen yerkeb $ef
ugmar la ileêêu deffir-sen. Rewlent s tem$awla, îîfent
tasawent, abrid yettawin $er loameε n Yirumiyen. Syin teqqim
Tmilla la tettmuqqul amek i ttεeddayen yiserdasen-nni wa
- 28 -

Tamilla

deffir wa. D llebsa tazegzawt i lsan, $ef yiqerra nsen rran
ticaciyin tizegga$in yettemcabin $er ujiêbuv, $ef tuyat nsen
refden timekêal.
Mi yekkes u$ebbar i d-snekren yiserdasen-nni, udrent-d
seg tsawent anda llant, d$a u$alent $er ubrid anda llant tikkelt
tamezwarut, srid $er têanut n Bacir Améabi.
Ufant améabi-nni yeqqim $ef ukersiw am Mexluf,
yernu ula d netta yeîîef agarru deg yimi-s, afenoal n lqahwa
sdat-s.
Imi êala netta ay ufant deg têanut deg lawan-nni,
tilawin-nni, deg kravet yid-sent, sutrent-as s tem$awla
ti$awsiwin i êwajent. Sutrent-as snat n tmerwin n t$awsiwin
yemgaraden. Améabi-nni ula d yiwen ubrid ur yessuter ara
deg-sent ad εiwdent i tuttra nsent, yecfa $ef kulci. Yettawi
yettarra deg tsusmi, ivarren êafi, yettali yettûubbu $ef yiwen
usellum, ad iruê, ad d-yu$al. Udun n semmus n ddqayeq kulci
yewjed. Aεemmur n t$awsiwin yettulebben, tisfifin, tirkasin,
leεîer, dduzan n nnjara, iqraben, ifenoalen, ticemmaâin… ulac
ta$awsa i ixuûûen ! Nnig n uεemmur-agi tban-d yiwet n tamart
tasiryanit n umzenzi yerran $ef uqerruy-is taεmamt.
*
* *
- A Tamilla tamecîuêt ! waqila tettuv iman-im ?
D tidet, qrib i texdem yiwen uxeûûar ! Ha-t-an acu i yevran :
axxam n ccreε yezga-d tama n têanut n uméabi, yernu seddaw
n leqwas n uxxam-nni n ccreε anda yella Wakli yettawi,
yettarra.
Tεeggev Tamilla ddaw n lêayek ines : « Akli ! ». Taseεdit
d Yamina yeffe$-itent leεqel, yeεreq-asent cced i uyeddid, s
tem$awla, rrant Tamilla gar-asent akken ur tneîîeq ara.

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Ferdinand Duchène

- D acu-tt lxedma-agi i txedmev ? Ay$er, ur teéri ara d
lεib ad temmeslay d urgaz deg ubrid ? Ay$er i teb$a ad tekkes
sser $ef urgaz-is ?
Zzu$rent-tt, deg ubrid bdant la as-sefhament : « A
tinnat! amer ad walin imdanen yiwet n tmeîîut i$ummen s
uêayek tettmeslay akked urgaz deg ubrid, ulac win yeéran d
tameîîut-is… Teériv ? Zemren ad ruêen bεid, ad as-inin d
tameîîut n urgaz niven, ne$ d yiwet seg tlawin nsen. Irgazen
ttasmen maççi d kra ! Nnig n waya, tikwal axemmem nsen
yettawin bεid-bεid, ad bdun ad sugunen kra n temsal !!!
Uuuuuh !!! »
Akli ur d-yewwi ara s lexber belli sdat-s kan ul n Tmilla
iêebbek s ééur. Netta mazal-it yettawi yettarra s uqendur ines
ddaw n leqwas n uxxam n ccreε.
*
* *
Tijenniwin deg kravet yid-sent u$ent abrid yettawin $er
lkazirna n yiserdasen. Kra n lweqt umbaεd ff$ent-d seg têanut
n « Bernasconi », sakin kecment $er têanut n leêlawat «Légée»,
sin $er-s $er têanut n leεîer « Valenza ». Taûebêit-nni sεeddant
irkelli deg lqevyan, ma d tameddit-nni rrant i lec$al niven :
ruêent ad éurent timeqbert.
Ayagi irkelli $ef yiwen n yinig n sin yikilumitren ara
lêunt $ef yiwen ubrid d luva akken ad qqiment kra n ledwar
deg yiwen umkan i ibeεden mraw n ddqayeq $ef uxxam nsen !
Maca deg tilawt, tamsalt-agi tesεa azal meqqren.
Krav n yineffuten wwven $er ti$ilt n tegzirt. Ti$ilt-nni d
ta$ezfant, d tarqaqant d-tezga nnig n yilel. Deg umkan-nni i dtezga tmeqbert n yinselmen. S tsurifin tiéayanin, ta deffir ta,
$umment s temlel deg tlemmast n tzegzewt n yim$an. Ddaw n
yiéekwan yettwabnan s rrxam, rran-asen sufella-nsen ccahed,
- 30 -

Tamilla

steεfuyen wid yewwven leεfu n Rebbi deg tsusmi n umkan-nni
i d-yezgan gar yigenni d yilel.
Tamilla am tnuvin ines, teqqim rrif n yiwen uéekka. D
win n Si Menûur amrabev, baba-s n urgaz-is. Teqqim la tsell
kan i tnuvin-is meddêent deg lmerêum.
- I iéekwan niven, anwa imevlen deg-sen?
- Dagi ?
- Ih !… d iéekwan n tlawin… Dagi i temvel yemma-s n
Tseεdit… Yalleh ! Yessefk fell-ante$ ad nekker ad nruê, ur ilaq
ara ad nεeîîel.
Kkrent-d s tem$awla, u$alent-d srid $er temdint.
Tamilla tennecraê mliê, acku tettbin-as-d am wakken d
tamdint-nni tessawal-asent s uzmumeg.
*
* *
Ay Uzmir ! Ay Agellid Ameqqran ! Acêal n yixxamen
yellan gar tezniqin-agi yeîîfen seg u$lad afransi armi d ti$ilt i
d-yettakken $er yilel. Yernu acêal i ssewhamen yiberdan-agi !
Veyqit maççi d kra, yernu simmal ad tettaliv, simmal ad
rennun deg tevyeq, lad$a deg yimukan anda mlilen îîwiqan
yellan deg wannag unnig. Iberdan-agi keccmen tikwal ddaw n
tgennarit anda tella tasmuvi.
Ha-t-a uxxam n um$ar aεervi, Si Σebdellah. Taseεdit
tuli $ef yiwet n teîrujet n rrxam, tesîebîeb krav n yiberdan $ef
tewwurt.
Kra n lweqt umbaεd, teldi-d tawwurt tameqqraêant
mebla ma texdem kra n lêess. Tamilla tevfer tinuvin-is, mi
tekcem $er ugnir tserreê-as i yiwen uεeggev imi twala yiwen n
wakli ibedd tama n lêiv la tt-id-yettmuqqul, allen-is brarêent.

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Ferdinand Duchène

Tamilla teûevêa, tleêêu deffir n tnuvin-is ulint s leεqel
îîruj, mi d-tewwev $er teîrujet taneggarut tekkes aêayek ines,
têulfa i leênak-is u$alen d izegga$en mi twala kravet n tlawin
yelsan kan talaba n daxel, tasebbuêrut gar yifassen.
Tamenzut deg tlawin-nni tettbin-d d yemma-s n tis snat,
d setti-s n tis kravet. Deg kravet yid-sent d tilawin n Si
Σebdellah. Tin i imeqqren deg leεmer umbaεd mi tsellem fellasent, tenna-asent tameîîut tis ukkuéet n bab n uxxam ur
tezmir ara ad d-tass ad tsellem fell-asent, acku ula d netta tesεa
inebgawen.
Tilawin-nni ttbinent-d am wakken ttemsefhament mliê.
Deg texxamt d tameqqrant, nnejmaεent irkelli, yal yiwet
tettaεrav amek ara texdem kter n tiyav akken ad tesserêeb s
tnebgawin nsent.
Tamilla abaεda tettwassen mliê, ttmeslayen fell-as
irkelli : i$allen-is am widak n têuret ; allen-is ttemcabin $er tid
n tzerzert ; taqemmuct-is ad as-tiniv d taremmant yewwan ;
idmarren-is ad as-tiniv d tayuga n yitbiren imellalen yellan deg
yiwen n lεecc. Armi d tura i fehmen ay$er i tt-yettêadar urgazis ( tamdint s lekmal-is tesla s waya), yernu armi walan agerruj
i yesεa urgaz-is i gzan ay$er uroin ixemmem ad iεiwed zzwao
xas akken ulac acu i t-ixuûûen.
Ula d Tamilla tefhem aya. Tilawin-nni qqiment la
tcekkirent deg-s, Tamilla tessers i wallen-is, tebda la tessuggun
kra n temsal yessekcamen tuggdi, teîîef-itt tergagayt imi
txemmem Akli yezmer ad d-yawi tameîîut niven $er uxxam-is.

- 32 -

Tamilla

IXEF WIS UKKUè

Arval
Ugar n sin wagguren aya segmi llan deg leonan ideg
zed$en tura. Aîas n t$awsiwin i as-iεeoben i Tmilla, dinna.
Teεoeb-itt tebridt i yettsubbun $er u$lad « Rebéval » gar yisekla
imeqqranen yesεan ticiîwin tihrawanin, tifurkatin nsen
ttembiwilent ilmend n nnesma n wavu $as d tamecîuêt.
Σeobent-tt t$unam d tremmanin i ibedden d afrag yeooujgen,
yeεoeb-itt uxxam amellal bu-ssqef azegga$ ibedd deg tlemmast
n yigli azegzaw. Σeoben-tt krav n yiseddaren imeqqranen
yettawin ami d ti$ilt i d-yezgan nnig n lemwaji, εeoben-tt
yisekla n lfakya d yijeooigen anda tt$amayen ddaw n tili. Kra
yellan deg leonan-nni d wayen akk i as-id-yezzin yeεoeb-as.
Tevfer tinuvin ines leêêunt deg tberdatin tiwra$in gar
yifergan adalen, truê $er lmerûa taqdimt, teqqim tama n yiéra,
ivarren-is deg yijdi arqiqan tqubel lemwaji yettruéun $ef teftist
n yilel. Tewwev ddaw n lberj ameqqran yettveggir-d
timeddiyin izenéaren n tafat deg tlemmast n îîlam. Truê ad
twali tamacint mi ara d-tεeddi, ad tt-twali amek tettseffir, amek
tnehhet, amek i d-tessufu$ abbu.
Ass-agi teb$a ad teqqim deg leonan, weêd-s, ddaw n
tiçinatin, mnid n yilel.
Aîas i teqqim la tettmuqul agelmim ameqqraêan n
waman i tt-id-iqublen. Iîij qrib ad ye$li, yezzu$ur $ef waman
- 33 -

Ferdinand Duchène

izenéaren-is yeççuruqen. Tiflukin nejrent abrid nsent $ef
waman. Abbu seg mebεid yettali $er yigenni. Tameddit n
unebdu tettnejbad, tameddit n lehna d talwit.
Tamilla tettmuqul ti$awsiwin-agi irkelli, maca deg
tilawt ulac d acu i tettwali. Argalen-is sya $er da tettaqmaciten, yiwen ucmumeê aêmayan ires-d $ef yicenfiren-nni
izegga$en yedlen tu$mas timellalin. Ulac acu yennernan deg
tecbikt i tebda yakan, akken i tella i teqqim gar yifassen-is
ileqqaqen. Ifassen-nni bdan-ten tergagayt.
Ha-tt-a tbedd, tafekka ines t$um-itt yiwet n tqendurt
tacebêant n leêrir, telêa armi d afrag n wadda anda teêbes,
tamu$li ines truê mebεid, teqqim tettmuqul tabrivt ara dyawin Akli.
Akli iruê $er temdint n Lezzayet krav n wussan aya. D
tikkelt tamezwarut ara msefraqen acêal n wuvan segwasmi
zewoen. £as akken iôeggem-as ad d-yu$al, $as akken yeîîef-itt
gar yi$allen-is, têulfa am wakken yeooa-tt. Iban-as-d am
wakken ur tezmir ara ad terr nnefs am zik. Teεrev acêal d
abrid ad tessedhu iman-is, maca imir-n kan ad tmal. Allen-is,
ttaççarent-d d yimeîîawen, acku asmi tekcem iv amezwaru $er
texxamt-is tufa-tt d tilemt, twala ires $ef lesrir aquran ubernus
i yettlusu yal ass yeooa-t tasebêit-nni mi yeffe$.
Te$li $ef tgecrar, ifassen-is $er yigenni, aqerruy-is $er
deffir, tebda la tdeεεu Yakuc n yinselmen :
« Mass n ume$rad, timsal $ur-k frant irkelli, yernu ulac
win i izemren ad ibedd deg ubrid-ik. Ha-tt-a taklit inek tunez
sdat-k, terra tudert-is gar yifassen-ik, d Keçç i d Amussnaw, d
Keçç i ttmuddu$.»
Targagayt tu$ tafekka ines irkelli. Tbedd. Idisan gar
yifassen-is. Sakin yeooujeg uqadum-is gar yimeîîawen-is.

- 34 -

Tamilla

Teqqim sin wussan weêd-s, teεzel iman-is, deg wul-is
yiwen n lferê d ameqqran. Tameddit-nni ad terou argaz i
têemmel, bab n wallen-is akked wul-is akken ad tessers
taqerruyt-is $ef tayet-is, akken ad as-id-tqirr s yiwen sser. Uffir
ara isell d amezwaru, uffir ara yizew$en ciîîuê udem-is.
*
* *
Kra n wussan umbaεd, tameddit, teqqim Tmilla akked
urgaz-is deg yiwet n te$mert n leonan, ttmeslayen s leεqel kan
armi walan Meéyan lmumen la d-ileêêu $ur-sen s yiwet n tikli
taéayant.
Akli yekker s leεjel akken ad t-imager, msalamen $ef
tuyat. Tamilla ula d nettat tekker ad t-id-tmager, allen-is deg
lqaεa, i$allen-is $er sdat. Am$ar-nni yunez $ur-s, nettat terfed
aqerruy-is, teîîef-it gar yi$allen-is, tessers allen-is d$a tejbed
iman-is.
Meéyan imuqel Akli d$a yerfed ifassen-is $er yigenni :
- Tamayt i Yakuc i k-id-yuznen $er yigerbiyen inu! Tura
zemre$ ad zuxxe$ s warraw-ik ara yefken anzi $ur-k !
Akli yettecmumuê kan.
- Deg tidet, b$i$ ad sεu$ dderya iûelêen, ihi ruêe$-d ad
sîebîbe$ $ef tewwurt-ik, d Rebbi d-yemlan abrid.
Qqimen deg sin yid-sen, Meéyan ikemmel ameslay,
yemla-as tumert ines mi as-d-yewwi Mesîafa lexbar yelhan.
Aîas i d-yemmeslay $ef lferê ines, $ef tumert ines tameqqrant i
yettraou aîas aya, d tumert i yeççuren ul-is ! Ih, netta, Meéyan,
am$ar-nni yesεan yakan avar deg uéekka, tu$al-as terwiêt,
yu$al d ileméi. Yernu tumert-agi tusa-d deg lawan-is. Ih,
yeêwao ad isel i lexbar yelhan am wagi iwakken ad yettu
i$eblan imeqqranen i yesεa.

- 35 -

Ferdinand Duchène

Ihuzz aqerruy-is, d$a yebda yeslufuy i tamart-is.
- Ya êeûra a mmi ! asmi tumert tekcem s axxam-ik,
nekk d leêzen i d-ibedden $ef umnar n tewwurt inu.
Akli yeqqim la t-yettmuqqul kan, yessusem, awal ur tid-yuli. Yenna-as Meéyan :
- Deg wussan-agi ineggura lli$ la ttemsewaqqe$ akked
Laêrac aqehwaji, b$i$ ad a$e$ akal ines i d-yezgan tama n
yigerbiyen inu. S lfevl n umrabev Sid-Ëamida, amrabev n
Tarbent (D Rebbi i t-id-yuznen akken ad yenêel fell-i)
nemtafaq $ef lbiε n wakal-nni, yernu d ayen ara d-yeglun s
rrbeê ameqqran fell-i. Teériv a mmi azal i yesεa Sid-Ëamida
deg temnaî nne$, d netta i d ccix n îîariqa anda lli$ d axeznaji.
Maca $as akken awal n umrabev yesεa azal meqqer, win ara
iyi-yesenz akal-nni yezmer ad yu$al deg wawal-is, $ef waya
êare$ melmi ara ruêe$ $er Tizi-Uzzu akken ad suff$e$ leεqed n
tunzin. Nemsefham akken ad yeîîef idrimen-is imir-n sdat n
lqavi, $ef waya i jemεe$ timivi d semmuset n tmerwin n duru n
tissulya inek akked semmuset n tmerwin niven. Muqqel a mmi
amek i zemren ad nneqlaben isenfaren n yimdanen ! Ivelli
tanezzayt, mi d-kkre$ ad ruêe$, ur ufi$ later n yidrimen-nni !
Ruêe$ cekta$, maca imakaren iqbayliyen êercen maççi d kra,
ur zmire$ ara ad d-ini$ anwa iyi-yeqqden.
Akli yessusem kan, Meéyan ihuzz aqerruy-is i tikkelt
niven, tamu$li ines truê bεid.
- Nnig n yidrimen, ilaq ad xesre$ da$en tu$in n wakal ?
Mebla ccek, zemre$ ad d-afe$ idrimen iyi-laqen ad ten-idrevle$ s rrba ne$ ad ruêe$ $er lbanka. Maca ilaq ad as-fke$
ukkuéet n tmerwin ne$ semmuset n tmerwin seg tmivi i
umezwaru, ne$ ad rehne$ ayla-w i urval seg lbanka. Am
wakka tettwaliv d lexsara, êala lexsara.
Yerfed allen-is $er Wakli yenna-as :
- 36 -

Tamilla

- Ur $live$ ara imi $ur-k i d-ruêe$ a mmi εzizen ? Snat
n timmav n duru, ad ak-ten-id-rre$ deg seddis n wagguren…
krav n wagguren, acku qrib ad iyi-d-kecmen yidrimen.
Imuqqel Akli mliê, d$a yenna-as :
- Yernu ur skiddibe$ ara fell-ak, qesve$-k-id acku
islifen-ik i d-mmugre$zeglin-a deg temdint, nnan-iyi-d tesεiv
deg usenduq inek kravet n timmav n duru!
Akli i yeqqnen anyir-is deg tazwara, yeîîerveq d tavsa .
- Üebêan Lleh ! Tecfiv asmi k-d-nni$ d amzenzu
ameqqran i telliv asmi d-usi$ ad xevbe$ yelli-k. Ass-agi ad ak
-d-ini$ $as ad tbeddev deg ccreε, ur tetteêwijiv ara abugaîu.
Azekka-nni zik, Meéyan yu$ abrid-is, yettu ur isellem
ara $ef yelli-s. Yeooa-as i Wakli, aveggal-is, lka$ev ideg
yesteεref s umerwas i d-yewwi s-$ur-s. amerwas-nni, ilaq ad tyerr deg krav n wagguren mebla ma yerna fell-as lfayda.

- 37 -

Tamilla

IXEF WIS SEMMUS

Aêaseb
Krav n wagguren-nni εeddan s tazzla. Tamilla tu$al-d
$er uxxam n Delles anda tettmagar inebgawen d zzeyyar i dyettassen ad tt-hennin. S tumert tameqqrant i ten-tettmagar
acku qrib ad tu$al d tayemmat.
Aîas i telmed seg tnuvin ines. Tura, xas ini tu$al d
taêevrit, tεeqqel ayen yelhan, tferren lehdur-is. Tbeddel maççi
d kra. Maca $as akken tbeddel, i urgaz-is, i têemmel aîas,
mazal-itt d Tamilla-nni tameéyant n taddart. Mi ad d-temmekti
Ti$ilt, allen-is remmcent ad as-tiniv d iîij i tettmuqqul. Twala
ula d i$ersiwen yettidiren deg uxxam nsen tettu-ten.
Temmekta-d yemma-s, Lakri taêninant, tin yeddren tudert n
leêzen. Temmekta-d udem yennu$nan i i$umm wabbu i dyettakk lmesbaê n tala$t. Temmekta-d yemma-s tawêidt daxel
n utemmu.
A-t-a iruê-d Mesîafa yewwi-d tabrat s$ur Meéyan.
« Tamayt i Yakuc ! I keçç a mmi εzizen Akli, argaz n
yelli-tne$ Tamilla, azul ! Ad ak-in-xebbre$ taveggalt-ik tuven.
Azen-d Tamilla akked Mesîafa, ahat ma twala-tt yemma-s ad
tejji, ma irad Yakuc. Suref-iyi ma yella ur k-in-ceggεe$ ara assagi idrimen iyi-d-tessutrev. Aîîan n tem$art inu yeçça lweqt-iw
irkelli, ur stufa$ ara i temsal n uêaseb.»

- 39 -

Ferdinand Duchène

Akli, d netta i d amezwaru i iwessan Tamilla akken ad
truê. £as akken s tadist i tella, tezmer ad terkeb $ef zzayla, d
yelli-s n yidurar n Leqbayel. Ul n tleméit-nni yenneqbav,
terkeb $ef userdun ara tt-yawin $er Lakri.
*
* *
Kra n wussan umbaεd, yeîîef-d Wakli tabrat s$ur
Meéyan ixebbeô-it-id deg-s belli « Tamilla tewwev bxir uεla
xir.»
Krav n ledwar εeddant, imi ulac i t-id-yewwven, yuzen
tabrat akken ad yesteqsi $ef liêala n tveggalt-is. Tluêeq-as-d
tabrat n sin yijerriven anda i d-as-d-nnan : « Liêala n Lakri ur
tbeddel ara. »
D$a ulac, ulac d acu i d-ibanen. Ayen yeεnan snat n
timmav n duru-nni ttun-ten irkelli.
Deg tazwara, Akli ur yeéri ara acu ara yexdem, yenna-d
i yiman-is Meéyan iletha kan s waîîan n tem$art-is, d wagi i tyeooan ur yessawev ara ad d-yerr ula d ayen i yettalas i wiyav,
maca ivulan-is ssawven ad beddlen rray-is, d$a yuzen tabrat
akked yiwen umeqqran n Ti$ilt i d-yusan $er ssuq n Delles.
Ha-t-a acu i yura :
« Tamayt i Yakuc ! I keçç a Meéyan, ay aveggal nne$
εzizen, azul fell-ak agim n yiberdan ! Suref-as i mmi-k ma yella
tuttra-agi ad k-teserfu ciîîuê. Ilaq ad teêsuv ttwaêettme$ ad
xedme$ akka. Ccil n wayen ara k-iqerêen, ur ilaq ad tettuv
tiwetlin $ef wacu nemsefham asmi k -revle$ snat n timmav n
duru deg yinig inek aneggaru $er Delles. Tεuhev-iyi ad iyi-dterrev idrimen-iw deg krav n wagguren. Ugar n wukkué n
wagguren i yezrin tura, mazal-iyi ar-iv-a ttraju$ mebla ma
wala$ ula yiwen uduru. Am wakken i k-d-nni$ yakan, êwaje$
idrimen-agi akken ad kemmle$ lexlaû n leonan i d-u$e$ akked
yivulan-iw. Ilaq ad teêsuv da$en win i $-d-yessenzen leonannni yeréa aqerruy-iw akken ad as-fke$ idrimen-is. Saεid d
- 40 -

Tamilla

Mexluf xellûen yakan amur nsen, yernu tura ulac i sεan akken
ad iyi-revlen. Ilaq ad teérev da$en ma yella ur iyi-d-terriv ara
idrimen-iw ad d-afe$ iman-iw ttwaêetme$ ad revle$ s lfayda
tameqqrant ne$ ad afe$ iman-iw bedde$ sdat n unezzarfu. A
baba εzizen, deg leεna-ak xdem ayen iwumi tzemrev akken ad
iyi-d-terrev idrimen-iw deg snat n ledwar i d-iteddun ma ur
teb$iv ara ad tvurrev win i k-iεiwnen. »
Σeddant snat n ledwar, ulac tiririt, ulac ula yiwen
ujerriv. Yenna-as Wakli ahat d taveggalt-is i ihelken mliê,
yezmer lêal la tettmettat, am wakken i s-yenna yezmer lêal d
tameîîut-is i ihelken s ssebba n εeggu d leêzen. Iserrej agmar
ines deg yiv, yeîîef abrid-is.
*
* *
Tafat mazal tella mi d-yewwev $er Ti$ilt, yernu amdan
amezwaru i iwala deg umraê n uveggal-is d Lakri tessirid
yiwen uqendur s tmara. Tbedd, teεqel Akli, tmuqqel-it s tsusmi.
Deffir-s, $ef yiwet n tgertilt teqqim Tmilla i tesseêmuy
deg yiîij n tergrest. Tamilla mi t-id-twala tεeggev seg lferê,
tekker, tecmumeê d$a teldi i$allen-is.
Akli deg tazwara yecmumeê, sin akin yewhem, iruê
srid $er tmeîîut-is, d$a yezzi-d $er deffir yufa-d aveggal-is i dyeffe$-d seg utemmu ines, ileêêu s leεqel.
- Tamayt i Yakuc ! ansuf s mmi i d-yuzen Yakuc s
axxam-iw. Ilaq ad teêsuv tura kan i b$i$ ad ak-in-aru$ tabrat
anda ara k-in-fke$ isalan imaynuten n uxxam-iw.
Mi yesla i lehdur-agi, εerqent-as deg tazwara, maca
imir-n kan yu$al $er leεqel-is, imuqel Meéyan s yir tamu$li.
Yenna-as Wakli :
- 41 -

Ferdinand Duchène

- Deg tidet d Yakuc iyi-d-yemlan abrid akken ad n-ase$
ad awi$ tabrat-inek imi… mebla cekk… d aîîan n tem$art inek
i k-yeooan ur tezmirev ara ad tt-in-taznev.
Meéyan ur iêerrek ara, êala lecfar-is i iremmcen. Ibedd,
anyir-is $er yigenni, yenna-as :
- Ëala im$aren i izemren ad surfen i yileméiyen lqella n
leqder d wawalen mebla lmeεna.
Akli imuqqel-it d$a yejmeε $ur-s i$allen-is, iεeggev :
- Ah ya Rebbi, d baba-s n tmeîîut-iw i telliv, aql-iyi am
mmi-k, yernu ttqadare$-k am baba. Maca yessefk fell-ak ad
teêsuv d timira ticibanin ara yefken amedya i yileméiyen, lad$a
ad asen-slemden ad rren amerwas nsen deg lweqt, ad d-inin
tidet !
Yenna-as akk waya s uεeggev. Kra n Leqbayel i dyu$alen seg yiêerqan nsen llan leêêun tama n uxxam n
Meéyan, refden iqerra nsen, stewtwen kra n yimeslayen, sin
akin $awlen tikli $er taddart.
Meéyan yerra-as awal s rréina :
- Sli$ ur nxeddem lefvayeê sdat n yiberraniyen d
tlawin. Tura ad kecme$ $er utemmu inu, axxam d axxam-ik a
mmi. Teériv amer d nekk ad u$ale$ $er lec$al-iw alamma
terba-d tmeîîut inek, yernu ass-nni qrib ad d-yawev. Imir-n
tzemrev ad d-tu$alev ad tt-tawiv yid-k, seg tama-w zemre$ ad
rre$ amerwas-iw ma irad Yakuc.
*
* *
Azekka-nni ssbeê Akli yu$ abrid ad yu$al $er uxxam-is.
Deg tazwara yeççeê mliê $ef uveggal-is, maca aîas i ixemmem
deg ubrid, deg taggara yezzem iman-is.
Iv-nni i yesεedda akked tmeîîut-is yesεedda-t d aêebber,
deg umkan ad as-yerr leênana d tayri i as-id-tettak Tmilla. Iv- 42 -

Tamilla

nni iruê d rregmat mgal Meéyan d turdiwin $ef lefεayel-is. Ur
yeêbis ara aseqsi deg tmeîîut-is $ef waîîan n yemma-s, d abêat
iwumiur d-tufi ula yiwet n tririt, deg taggara teîîerveq d
imeîîawen.
Lakri imi tesla i lêess tekcem s leεqel $er utemmu. S
wallen êninen d yifassen yessuturen asuref, tessefhem-as i
Wakli belli ran ad sεun yelli-tsen sdat-sen asmi ara terbu d
wagi i ten-yeooan ad d-snulfun aîîan-nni iwakken ad yeqbel ad
d-tass.
Akli yenna-as asnulfu n tkerkas-agi nezmer ad t-neqbel,
mi t-yeéra Meéyan d amerkanti, asmi yeêwao idrimen d netta i
yeqsev. Deg tilawt axir netta wala d aberrani. Yenna-as da$en
ula d netta acêal d abrid ur d-yerri ara amerwas ines deg
lweqt. Deg taggara yenna-as xas akken yesεa leεyub, xas akken
tihhugra ines texlev d teêraymit, yernu aîas yellan akka deg
taddart, Meéyan, ad yeqqim d am$ar, d aveggal-is. Yernu
yewwev armi i ilum iman-is imi as-yerra awal.
Ihi iruê ad d-yervel $er yimeddukkal-is agim n
lefrankat i yeêwao, sin akin iôeggem i yiman-is asmi ara iruê
ad d-yerr tameîîut-is ad yernu tafada niven i uveggal-is.
*
* *
Σeddant snat n ledwar, ha-t-an iban-d Mesîafa yewwi-d
yid-s tabrat tamaynut s$ur Meéyan, tagi $ezzifet $ef tmezwuranni :
« I mmi-tne$ Akli, azul ! Ad ak-in-xebbre$ belli krav n
wussan umbaεd n rrêil inek, tameîîut-ik terna-d $ur-s taqcict.
Tura teêla, tezmer ad n-tu$al s axxam-is. Tzemrev ad d-tasev
ad tt-tawiv, maca, iwakken ur nettu$al ara ad nemmeslay $ef
temsalt-nni, b$i$ ad nemêasab seg tura. Tettalasev-iyi snat n
timmav n duru i d-iyi-trevlev, seg tama-k ula d keçç tesεiv $uri amerwas. Ih ! Ula d nekk ttalase$-ak : lmuna d wuççi n
tmeîîut-ik i yeqqimen $ur-i sin n wagguren, ûûyana ines lawan
- 43 -

Ferdinand Duchène

n tinnufra, leêruz i temennifrit i nessuter s$ur umrabev n
Tarbent, d t$awsiwin niven. Deg taggara, s lefviêa-nni iyitxedmev deg uxxam-iw sdat n yimezda$ n taddart tvurrev-iyi
mliê. Medden bdan heddren fell-i, tura la iyi-ttmuqulen s yir
tamu$li, ula d amkan n uxeznaji deg îîariqa qrib ad yafeg. Ihi
ma teb$iv tura ad ttu$ d keççini i d ssebba n lεerr d lefviêanni, ceyyeε-iyi-d d Mesîafa tawerqet-nni i k-d-ooi$, akka
nezmer ad d-nini d akken kulci yeûfa gar-ane$. Ihi qbel
amtawa-agi u$dim, imir-n ad ak-in-rre$ tameîîut-ik. Ma ur
teqbilev ara, qqim kan anda telliv, ur d-ttas ara s axxam-iw.»

- 44 -

Tamilla

IXEF WIS SEDDIS

Awekked
Akli yeûûawev Mesîafa armi d tawwurt n temdint d$a
yenna-as :
- èri$ d akken d amdan yelhan d amêaddi i telliv, maca
tura éri$ aveggal nne$ d bu txidas. Deg leεnaya-k ssiwev-as
imeslayen-agi : « Akli yettwali llan kra n yisumar êala ungif i
izemren ad ten-yeqbel.»
Yuli umbaεd $er temdint, iruê $er uxxam n ccreε, maca
maççi $ef temsalt n umerwas i iruê, tikkelt-a yessuter-d deg
te$demt ad teêkem s tu$alin n Tmilla.
Yessuffe$-d lkerîa i uveggal-is akken ad yeoo Tamilla ad
tu$al s axxam-is.
Ass n ccreε, Tamilla ulac-itt. Wagi d ayen ibanen : ur
tezmir ara ad d-tas weêd-s. Meéyan, seg tama-s, ur d-yusi ara
ula d netta. Ahat yeb$a ad yesseεyu Akli iwakken ad yeqbel deg
taggara isumar ines. Maca Akli maççi d win iεeggun s sshala,
ass-nni ccreε yeêkem ad tu$al tameîîut-is $er uxxam n urgazis.
Yeggra-as-d kan uselkem n leêkem, $ef waya iceggeε i
Meéyan leêkem n te$demt, maca tewwev-as-id tabrat anda i
as-id-nnan Meéyan i yu$alen d nnayeb n Tmilla, a-t-an yeréa
ccreâ.
- 45 -

Ferdinand Duchène

Nnayeb n Tmilla ! Amek ? Tamilla ur teqbil ara s
leêkem n te$demt ara tt-yekksen seg yifassen n baba-s iwakken
ad d-tu$al $er urgaz-is ! Tamilla tamencerêant, tin ttεuzzun
deg uxxam n Delles, teréa ccreε akken ad teqqim deg
yiεecciwen n Ti$ilt ! Tamilla ara ibedden deg wudem n leêkem
n te$demt ara tt-iεawnen akken ad tawi yelli-s i urgaz-is i ttêemmel, argaz-nni i tt-iêemmlen !
Ala ! Turda-agi ur tesεi ara llsas, ur tt-iqebbel ara
leεqel! Akli yuzzel $er uxxam n ccreε. Mi yewwev, yeqqim deg
umkan-is yeqqur mi as-id-fkan awekked-nni i d-yerran
Meéyan d nnayeb $ef yelli-s.
*
* *
Ussan zerrin s leεqel yernu messusit. Akli ileêêu weêd-s
deg yiberdan. Tura ur yett$imi ara deg lqahwa. Timeddiyin mi
ara d-yekcem $er texxamt-is, yett$imi gar ssrir ameqqran d
texzant.
Yiwet n tmeddit, mi d-yeffe$ seg uxeddim ines yu$
abrid n Tegzirt i d-yezgan rrif n yilel armi yewwev $er ucruf n
Usammer. £er tama tayeffust iwala idurar n tmurt n Leqbayel
wa nnig wa. Xas akken beεdit, ttbinen-d qerben mliê. Kra n
yidurar sεan tal$a n tqubbtin, wiyav ad as-tiniv d tinaqusin,
wiyav niven d uvriêen, wiyav ttbinen-d am yiméiwen. Yernu
simmal i$elli yiîij, simmal ttu$alen d izegzawen.
Akli yeqqim la yettmuqqul kan. Yettmuqqul igli n terga,
tamurt n tkerkas.
Ul-is yeççur s yir tikta, iles-is s wawalen imeréagen imi
iwala tamurt n Meéyan… d Tmilla.
*
* *
- 46 -

Tamilla

Deg ubrid-is $er Delles immuger-d Mesîafa yusa-d $er
ssuq ara yilin azekka-nni. Iεedda $er uxxam n ccreε anda i asid-nnan aslif-is zeglin-a kan i yeffe$, yu$ abrid n Tegzirt, d$a
yevfer-it.
Ula d netta iban-d yennu$na. Tikwal ijebedd-d ccla$emis, tikwal ikemmez inzaren-is, tikwal yeskeêkuê. Ibedd sdat n
Wakli yenna-as :
- Ëesses ay Akli, aql-ik am gma, yernu am wakken
tezriv « Mesîafa d aqcic lεali » iyi-ssawalen. Ma yella ruêe$-d
$ur-k ass-agi iwakken ad ak-d-fke$ yiwet n nnhaya. Deg
leεnaya-k amen-iyi, qbel tiwetlin n Meéyan : err-as tawerqet
ines, ttu idrimen i as-tettalaûev. D anesba$ur i telliv, ulac acu
ara k-ya$en ma ruêen-ak ciîîuê n yidrimen, akka ad k-id-tu$al
tmeîîut-ik…
Akli yegzem-as awal.
- Anwa i k-id-yuznen $ur-i ?
Yenna-as Mesîafa :
- Ulaêed ! Ulac win iyi-d-iceyyεen.
Akli yecmumeê :
- Amek i teériv ihi ma yella rri$ tawerqet-nni i Meéyan
ad yeêbes ccreε ?
Mesîafa yeldi kan allen-is d yimi-s, yenna :
- Ah ya Rebbi ! ma txellûev, ur yecliε ara deg ccreε !
Tamilla ad d-tu$al s axxam-ik !
Akli yemme$ $ef yifassen n Mesîafa, yenna s leεqel kan :
- I ma yella Tamilla tugi ad d-tu$al $ur-i ?
Iban $ef wudem n Mesîafa ur yegzi ara asteqsi-agi :
- Tamilla ? D acu i d-teqqarev ? Waqila tselbev !
Yenna-as Wakli :
- 47 -

Ferdinand Duchène

- La k-d-qqare$, belli tameîîut-iw tessuffe$-iyi-d lkarîa.
Yernu maççi d tisselbi i selbe$ imi d nettat i d-yefkan awekked i
baba-s.
Mesîafa yeqqim kra n lweqt d usbiv, allen-is brarêent.
Yu$al sin yisurifen $er deffir, yekmez aqerruy-is. Umbaεd
yekres anyir-is. Deg taggara imuqqel $er yal tama, yeîîef Akli
seg ubernus, yewwi-t $er ucruf d$a yenna-as s leεqel :
- Ëesses a gma ! Deg lfayda inek d tin n Tmilla, terra-yi
tmara ad ak-d-mle$ yiwen n uffir êala Meéyan, tameîîut-iw d
nekk i t-yessnen. Maca ad ak-d-ini$ seg tura ma yeffe$ wawal
ad nekre$ kulci, ulac acu i k-d-nni$ ! Deg tazwara ggal s
Yakuc d umazan ines ar ayen ara teslev tura ad yeqqim yeffer,
ulac win ara yeslen yis-s.
Akli imuqqel $er lqebla, yeggul.
Yenna-as Mesîafa :
- ... Ha-t-a, d tidet Meéyan akked yelli-s ruêen walan
anezzarfu n Tizi-Uzzu. D tidet yelli-s tefka-d awekked i baba-s
akken ad ibedd mgal-ik ass n ccreε. Maca êesses-iyi mliê !
Anezzarfu-agi ur yessin la Meéyan, la Tamilla, yernu tameîîutnni telsa lêayek. Ëesses-iyi mliê ! Yelli-s n Meéyan i iruêen $er
unezzarfu ass-nni maççi d tameîîut-ik, d tameîîut-iw !
Akli yu$al $er deffir. Mesîafa yeîîef-it seg tuyat,
ikemmel deg wawal-is :
- Rou, rou !… asmi tevra taluft-agi ulac-iyi deg uxxam.
Meéyan imi yeéra, argaz-agi ulac acu i as-i$aben, yufa-tt d
tagnit. Kamir segwasmi meééiyet (am Tmilla) tettergigi sdat-s,
ur tezmir ara ad as-tini ala, teqbel ad texdem ayen i as-yenna.
Ha-t-a tura teériv ay$er i ak-id-tesuffe$ tmeîîut-ik lkarîa !
Yeqqim kan la yekkat deg yifassen-is :
- Tamilla tame$bunt, ur teéri ara baba-s yessuffe$-ak-d

- 48 -

Tamilla

lkarîa. Tikkelt yezrin teqqim la tsteqsay : « Anda-t urgaz-iw ?
Ay$er ur d-yusi ara akken ad yefk isem i yelli-s?…»
*
* *
Akli yu$al ur isell ara i lehdur n Mesîafa, amzun
yeεzeg. Yeqqim yettmuqqul $er beεid, aqadum-is yu$al d
awra$. Sin akin yeîerîeq :
- Akka ! Aveggal nne$ d aêraymi ihi ?
Mesîafa yeîîef-it seg tuyat :
- Susem! Susem! Tgullev-iyi ar d-teooev uffir-agi $ur-k !
S leεqel kan, ikemmel deg wawal-is :
- D tidet aveggal-nne$ yexdem yiwen usemli ur nûeêêi
ara, yernu ad t-yessexdem. Ula yiwen deg-ne$ ur yezmir ad
yexdem kra, la nekk, la keçç - êala ma nxelleû-it acku deg
tazwara ulac inagan, ugar waya, am wakken i teériv, tullas ur
zmirent ara ad beddent deg wudem n baba-tsen, xas yevra
leâjeb. Ur tettu ara Meéyan d axeznaoi n Öôeêmaniya, îîariqaa, tesâa azal meqqren deg yidurar nne$, yernu ad ak- ini$ tidet
ula nekk ur zmire$ ara ad bedde$ deg wudem-is, ma ulac ad ttxelûe$ $layet. Ha-t-an ay$er i d-ruêe$ $ur-k ass-a, akken ad akd-ini$ awalen-agi : « Ttu idrimen-ik, Meéyan ur yessutur ara
lêaoa niven. Ne$ ma ulac ad yessexdem ccreε akken ad ihudd
axxam-ik, sin akin ad yessenz Tamilla i wayev.»
Akli isell i Mesîafa mebla ma iêerrek, anyir-is yekres.
Imuqqel mliê Mesîafa d$a yenna-as :
- D aêevri i lli$, deg temdint i zed$e$. Ayen yeânan
tixidas n Meéyan ur tent-uggade$ ara. Ihi imi maççi d
tameîîut-iw i d-yessuff$en lkarîa, zemre$ ad t-xellse$ iwakken
ad tt-id-rre$, maca ur tt-xeddme$ ara alamma wala$ tifrat
niven. Ur zmire$ ara ad knu$ sdat n yiwen ukeddab xas ma
yella d axeznaoi ne$ d ccix n Öôeêmaniya. Amdan-agi yellan d
aveggal-iw tlaq-as temsirt, yernu ilaq d ta$dem ara as-ttyefken.
- 49 -




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