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PhytoChem & BioSub Journal
Peer-reviewed research journal on Phytochemistry & Bioactives Substances
ISSN 2170 - 1768

PCBS Journal
Volume 8 N° 1, 2 & 3

2014

PhytoChem & BioSub Journal
ISSN 2170-1768

ISSN 2170 – 1768

PhytoChem & BioSub Journal (PCBS Journal) is a peer-reviewed research journal
published by Phytochemistry & Organic Synthesis Laboratory. The PCBS Journal publishes
innovative research papers, reviews, mini-reviews, short communications and technical notes
that contribute significantly to further the scientific knowledge related to the field of
Phytochemistry & Bioactives Substances (Medicinal Plants, Ethnopharmacology,
Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Natural products, Analytical Chemistry, Organic Synthesis,
Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Computational Chemistry,
Molecular Drug Design, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmacy Practice, Quality Assurance,
Microbiology, Bioactivity and Biotechnology of Pharmaceutical Interest )
It is essential that manuscripts submitted to PCBS Journal are subject to rapid peer review and
are not previously published or under consideration for publication in another journal.
Contributions in all areas at the interface of Chemistry, Pharmacy, Medicine and Biology are
welcomed.
Editor in Chief
Pr Abdelkrim CHERITI
Phytochemistry & Organic Synthesis Laboratory

Co-Editor
Pr Nasser BELBOUKHARI
Bioactive Molecules & Chiral Separation Laboratory
University of Bechar, 08000, Bechar, Algeria
Editorial Board
Afaxantidis J. (France), Akkal S. (Algeria), Al Hamel M. (Morocco), Allouch A. (Lebanon), Aouf N. (Algeria),
Asakawa Y. (Japan), Atmani A. (Morocco) , Awad Allah A.( Palestine), Azarkovitch M. ( Russia), Baalioumer A.
(Algeria), Badjah A.Y. ( KSA), Balansard G. (France), Barkani M. (Algeria), Belkhiri A. (Algeria), Benachour D.
(Algeria), Ben Ali Cherif N. (Algeria), Benayache F. (Algeria), Benayache S. (Algeria), Benharathe N. (Algeria),
Benharref A. (Morocco), Bennaceur M. ( Algeria), Bensaid O. (Algeria), Berada M. ( Algeria), Bhalla A. ( India),
Bnouham M. (Morocco), Bombarda E. (France), Bouchekara M. (Algeria), Boukebouz A. (Morocco), Boukir A.
(Morocco), Bressy C. (France), Chehma A. (Algeria), Chemat F. (France), Chul Kang S. (Korea), Dadamoussa B.
(Algeria), Daiche A. (France), Daoud K. ( Algeria), De la Guardia M. ( Brazilia), Dendoughi H. (Algeria), Derdour
A. (Algeria), Djafri A. (Algeria), Djebar S. (Algeria), Djebli N.(Algeria), Dupuy N. (France), El Abed D. (Algeria),
EL Achouri M. (Morocco), El Hatab M. (Algeria), El Omar F. (Lebanon), Ermel G. ( France), Esnault M. A. (
France), Govender P. (South Africa), Jouba M. (Turkey), Hacini S. (Algeria), Hadj Mahamed M. (Algeria), Halilat
M. T. (Algeria), Hamed El Yahia A. ( KSA), Hamrouni A. ( Tunisia), Hania M. ( Palestine), Iqbal A. (Pakistan),
Gaydou E. (France), Ghanmi M. (Morocco), Gharabli S. (Jordan), Gherraf N. ( Algeria), Ghezali S. (Algeria),
Gouasmia A. (Algeria), Greche H. (Morocco), Kabouche Z. (Algeria), Kacimi S. (Algeria), Kajima J.M. (Algeria),
Kaid-Harche M. (Algeria), Kessat A. (Morocco), Khelil-Oueld Hadj A. (Algeria), Lahreche M.B. (Algeria), Lanez
T. (Algeria), Leghseir B. (Algeria), Mahiuo V. (France), Marongu B. ( Italia), Marouf A. (Algeria), Meddah B.(
Morocco), Melhaoui A. ( Morocco), Merati N. (Algeria), Mesli A. ( Algeria), Mushfik M. ( India), Nefati M.
(Tunisia), Ouahrani M. R. (Algeria), Oueld Hadj M.D. (Algeria), Pons J.M. ( France), Radi A. (Morocco),
Rahmouni A. (Algeria), Reddy K.H. ( South Africa), Reza Moein M. (Iran), Rhouati S. (Algeria), Roussel C.
(France), Saidi M. (Algeria), Salgueiro L.D (Portugal), Salvador J. A. (Spain), Seghni L. (Algeria), Sharma S. (
India), Sidiqi S. K. ( India), Souri E. ( Turkey), Tabcheh M. (Lebanon), Tabti B. (Algeria), Taleb S. (Algeria),
Tazerouti F. (Algeria), Vantyune N. (France), Villemin D. (France), Yayli N. (Turkey), Youcefi M. (Algeria),
Ziyyat A. (Morocco), Zouieche L. (Algeria), Zyoud A.H. (Palestine).

PhytoChem & BioSub Journal
Peer-reviewed research journal on Phytochemistry & Bioactives Substances

ISSN 2170 - 1768

PCBS Journal

Volume 8 N° 2
POSL

2014

Edition LPSO
Phytochemistry & Organic Synthesis Laboratory
http://www.pcbsj.webs.com , Email: phytochem07@yahoo.fr

PhytoChem & BioSub Journal Vol. 8(2) 2014
ISSN 2170-1768
CAS-CODEN:PBJHB3

 

PhytoChem & BioSub Journal

2014
Vol. 8 No. 2

ISSN 2170-1768

Contents
PhytoChem & BioSub Journal Vol. 8 N° 2
MUHAMMAD IMRAN K., DILFARAZ K., MUSHTAQ A., SHAFIULLAH K.,
RAHMAT ALI K., MUSHTAQ N. & SHAH N.

Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of three different fractions of Lonicera quinquelocularis 60
(Translucent Honeysuckle) plant
GHIABA Z., YOUSFI M., SAIDI M., HADJADJ M. & DAKMOUCHE M.

Total phenolic contents, radical scavenging and cyclic voltammetry of three native Date
(Phoenix Dactylifera L.) varieties grown in Ouargla

70

HAMANI Z. & KHALED M.B.

L’effet du climat sur la caractérisation physico-chimique des graines d’Arganier

80

CHELOUFI H., BERREDJEM M. & AOUF N.

Synthesis of a new series of sulfonamides containing isatin moiety

86

BERREGHIOUA A., CHERITI A. & BELBOUKHARI N.

Antibacterial activity of Zilla macroptera extracts from Algerian Sahara

92

MOSTEFA SARI F. & DJEBLI N.

Composition et activité antimicrobienne des huiles essentielles de Thymus fontanesii Boiss et
Reut. et de Rosmarinus officinalis L. sur des bactéries nosocomiales multirésistantes

97

BOUZIDI N., CHERFI H., SERIDI H., DAGHBOUCHE Y. & EL HATTAB M.

Dosage des méroditerpènes à noyau hydroquinonique de l’algue brune Cystoseira stricta par
spectrométrie infrarouge à transformée de Fourier
108
ZIANE S., ROUISSAT L. & CHERITI A.

Effet des extraits de quelques Astéraceae (Launaea arboresens et Warionia saharae) sur
quelques nématodes à kyste (Globodera sp)

117

TALHI M. F., CHERITI A. & ASTRELIN I.M

The perspectives of use of waters artesian wells of Bechar (Algerian west south) for the
potable water supply

59

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Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of three different fractions of Lonicera
quinquelocularis (Translucent Honeysuckle) plant
Muhammad Imran khan1, DilFaraz Khan2, Mushtaq Ahmed*1, Shafiullah Khan2,
Rahmat Ali Khan1, Nadia Mushtaq1 & Shah Noor1
1.

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Science and Technology
Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
2.
Department of Chemistry, Gomal University D.I.Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

 
 
Received: February 26, 2014; Accepted: April 17, 2014
Corresponding author Email mushtaq213@yahoo.com

Copyright © 2014‐POSL 
DOI:10.163.pcbsj/2014.8.2.60 
 
 

Abstract. The cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of a plant count for its effectiveness against various lethal and
sever diseases such as cancer, Parkinson Alzheimer and Diabetics etc. Free radicals in the form of reactive oxygen
species and reactive nitrogen species may be the main cause of these severe health issues. Medicinal plants with
antioxidant and cytotoxic properties have been proved to be the most reliable method of treatment of the mentioned
diseases. In the present study antioxidant and cytotoxic potential of three different fractions i.e. ethanol, chloroform
and ethyl acetate extracted from Lonicera quinquelocularis (Translucent Honeysuckle) plant were tested. The
ethanolic and ethyl acetate fraction showed highest scavenging ability than chloroform fraction against DPPH and
ABTS free radicals. In cytotoxic assays, chloroform fraction showed highest lethal effects than ethanolic and ethyl
acetate fraction. The data obtained from the experimental work revealed that all the three fractions isolated from
Lonicera quinquelocularis (Translucent Honeysuckle) possess antioxidant and cytotoxic properties.
Key Words: Free radicals, anticancer agents, cytotoxic, phytochemicals, antioxidant
 

Introduction
Antioxidant defense system is a protective system of the body that prevents the body from
the harmful effects caused by free radicals. Antioxidant property of a plant represents its
effectiveness against diseases originated as a result of free radicals like cancer, cardiovascular
diseases and Parkinson disease etc (Sian et al., 2003). Plants which contain phenolic compounds
(phenolic acids, flavonoids, quinines, lignin’s, tannins),coumarins alkaloids and vitamins are the
best sources of natural antioxidant (Kahkonen et al.,1999; Zheng and Wang 2001; Cai et al.,
2003). Phenolic compounds are present in plants as secondary metabolites (Lin et al.,2007).
Medicinal plants have played a great role in the treatment of diseases like cancer, aging (Finkel
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Total phenolic contents, radical scavenging and cyclic voltammetry
of three native Date (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) varieties grown in Ouargla 
Zineb Ghiabaa,*, Mohamed Yousfi b, Mokhtar Saidia, Mohamed Hadjadj a
& Messaouda Dakmouche a
a

Laboratoire Valorisation et Promotion des Ressources Sahariennes, Université Kasdi Merbah, BP
511 route de Ghardaia.30000 Ouargla, Algérie.
b
Laboratoire des Sciences Fondamentales, Université Amar Telidji de Laghouat, route de Ghardaia,
BP 37G, Laghouat 03000, Algérie.

 
Received: December 24, 2013; Accepted: April 20, 2014
Corresponding author Email ghiaba.zi@univ-ouargla.dz

Copyright © 2014‐POSL 
DOI:10.163.pcbsj/2014.8.2.70 
 
 

Abstract. Fruits of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) are consumed throughout the world and are a vital

component of the diet in most Arabian countries. This study has been carried out to evaluate the total phenolic
content and the antioxidant activity of three date palm fruit varieties grown in Ouargla (Algeria): Degla Baidha
(DB), Tamjhourt (Tam), and Tefezauine (Tef). Consequently, the total phenolic contents (TPC) of these extracts
will be measured using Folin Ciocalteu spectrophotometric method. TPC ranged from 9.496 to 23.045mg gallic
acid equivalents (GAE/100g). Thereafter, the antioxidant properties of these polyphenols were evaluated by
chemical and electrochemical assays. Hydroxyl radical (.OH) scavenging activity and 2,2-diphenyl-1picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity were the chemical assays, whereas, cyclic voltammetry
technique (CV) in aprotic media was used as the electrochemical assay. This study suggest that Algerian date
palm fruit may serve as a good source of natural antioxidants, may be used in the prevention of various free
radicals related diseases.

Key Words: Algeria date palm fruit; Total phenolic content; Antioxidant activity; DPPH; Cyclic
voltammetry

 

1. Introduction
The formation of reactive species (RS) is a natural consequence of aerobic metabolism
and is associated with oxygen homeostasis, i.e. the balance between constitutive oxidants and
antioxidants [1]. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide radical (O2•–), hydroxyl
radical (OH•), peroxyl radical (ROO•) and nitric oxide radical (NO•), attack biological
molecules, such as lipids, proteins, enzymes, DNA and RNA, leading to cell or tissue injury
associated with aging, atherosclerosis, carcinogenesis [2] and may lead to the development of
chronic diseases related to the cardio and cerebrovascular systems [3]. The term ‘antioxidant’
refers to the activity of numerous vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals which provide
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PhytoChem & BioSub
Journal
 

2014
Vol. 8 No. 2

 

L’effet du climat sur la caractérisation physico-chimique
des graines d’Arganier
HAMANI Z. 1* & KHALED M.B.2
1

Laboratoire des productions, valorisations végétales et microbiennes
USTO, 31000, Oran, Algérie
2
Faculté des Sciences. Département de biologie
Université Djillali Liabès de Sidi-Bel-Abbès, 22000, Algérie.
Received: December 17, 2013; Accepted: March 23, 2014
Corresponding author Email zakia_zinab@yahoo.fr

Copyright © 2014-POSL
DOI:10.163.pcbsj/2014.8.2.80

Résumé.  Cette étude vise à caractériser les graines d’arganier par l’analyse physico-chimique des noix d’arganier de
deux populations algérienne, la première appartient à un climat saharien (Tindouf) et la seconde appartient à un étage
bioclimatique semi-aride à hiver tempéré (Mostaganem). Les résultats montrent une variation de la composition des
graines suivant l'origine et même au sein de la même origine il y a une différentiation de la qualité intrinsèque des
semences. Les amandes de l'arganier sont très riches en fraction lipidique où la proportion varie entre 42 et 53 %. Les
protéines sont le deuxième micronutriment qui prédomine dans les amandes, leurs taux enregistrés présentent un
gradient baissant du nord au sud et avec la jeunesse de la moisson. Pareillement aux protéines les teneurs en cendre et
en eau présente les mêmes tendances à l'exception de la récolte de l'année 2011 pour Tindouf où les amandes sont les
plus humides. Les populations d’arganier ont une variation importante dans la composition biochimique des noix. Les
observations sur ces variations offrent un éclairage d’affiner pour cette espèce qui confronte le risque d’extinction, les
fruits d’arganier présentent à priori un potentiel intéressant de valorisation (un apport dans le bilan fourrager et les
vertus nutritionnelle de l’huile et sa vocation en cosmétologie), ce qui permet de contribuer aux programmes
d’exploitation de cette espèce. 
Mots clés : Caractérisation physico-chimique, arganier, Tindouf, Mostaganem.

The effect of climate on the physico-chemical characterization of Argan seeds 
Abstract. This study aims to characterize the Argan seeds by physico-chemical analysis of Argan nuts of two
Algerian populations, the first part of a Saharan climate (Tindouf) and the second belongs to a semi-arid bioclimatic
stage with temperate winter (Mostaganem). The results show a change in the composition of the seed according to the
origin and even within the same origin there is a differentiation of the intrinsic quality of the seed. Lipid fraction varies
between 42 and 53%. Registered rates of Protein have a declining gradient from north to south. Similarly protein levels
in ash and water has the same trend with the exception of the 2011 harvest from Tindouf, where almonds are the
wettest.
Key Words: Physico-chemical characterization, Argan, Tindouf, Mostaganem

1.

Introduction

L’arganier, Argania spinosa L skeels, est un arbre endémique Algéro-Marocain, appartenant à la
famille des sapotacées.

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Synthesis of a new series of sulfonamides containing isatin moiety
CHELOUFI Hadjer, BERREDJEM Malika* & AOUF Nour-Eddine
Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry (LAOC), Bioorganic Chemistry Group
Sciences Faculty, Badji Mokhtar; Annaba University, BP 12, Algeria
Received: December 23, 2013; Accepted: March 29, 2014
Corresponding author Email malika.berredjem@univ-annaba.org

Copyright © 2014-POSL
DOI:10.163.pcbsj/2014.8.2.86
 

Abstract. In the present work, a new series of sulfonamide derivatives containing isatin moiety were prepared.
Our synthesis was carried out in two successive steps (acylation and condensation with different sulphonamide
derivatives), using chlorosulfonyl isocyanate and isatin as starting materials. The structure of all compounds
was elucidated by usual spectroscopic methods 1H, 13C NMR and IR.
Key Words: Sulfonamide, Isatin, chloroacetyl chloride, chlorosulfonyl isocyanate, alkylation, acylation

Introduction
The sulfonamide group is considered as a pharmacophore which is present in a number
of biologically active molecules. In the last decade [1], they have long been used as precursors
for the synthesis of biologically active molecules because of their wide spectrum of activity, it
has found use in many applications in the field of medicinal chemistry [2-3]. A number of
drug classes are characterized by the presence of the sulfonamide function, several derivatives
have pronounced medicinal value as antibacterial, hypoglycemic, diuretic, anti-hypertensive,
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and antiviral drugs among others [4- 13].
Other potent sulfonamide derivatives were synthesized and found to be more effective
therapeutically. For example, the celecoxib 1 used as an anti inflammatory [14], and recently,
a series of anilino substituted pyrimidine sulfonamides were synthesized and considered as
anticancer agents 2 [15] (figure 1).
Isatin (1H- indole-2,3-dione) is an endogenous compound, its synthetic derivatives at C-2, C3, and N positions have led to a wide variety of pharmacological responses including
cytotoxic, anticancer, antibacterial, antiviral, anti HIV, anticholinesterase, antiinflammatory,
antihypertensive, antihypoxic, antiulcer, anticonvulsant, COX-2, and carboxylesterase
inhibitor activities (figure 1) [16- 22].
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Antibacterial activity of Zilla macroptera extracts from Algerian Sahara
Abdelaziz BERREGHIOUA 1 , Abdelkrim CHERITI 1 & Nasser BELBOUKHARI 2
1
2

Phytochemistry & Organic Synthesis Laboratory
Bioactive Molecules & Chiral Separation Laboratory
University of Bechar. 08000, Bechar, Algeria

Received: November 17, 2013; Accepted: January 25, 2014
Corresponding author Email azizberghioua@yahoo.fr

Copyright © 2014‐POSL 
DOI:10.163.pcbsj/2014.8.2.92 
 

Abstract. The study reported the antibacterial activity of extracts from aerial parts (without fruits) of Zilla
macroptera (Brassicaceae) against seven bacterial strains (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aereginosa,
Enterococcus faecalis, Listeria monocytogenes, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus stearothermophilus and
Staphylococcus aureus) chosen for their high pathogenicity, shows that the strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
was the most sensitive to the majority of extracts. The antibacterial activity of the ethanol extract is more
important compared to other extracts.

Key Words: Zlla macroptera, Brassicaceae, antimicrobial activity, ethnopharmacology, phytochemical
screening, Sahara

 

Introduction
Natural products possess interesting biological activities which attracted several
researchers to their elucidation to provide knowledge that will lead to advancement medicine.
Brassicaceae is one of the 10 most economically important plant families in the world, it
contain a number of nutrients and phytochemicals and have been used to treat a wide range of
human diseases [1-3].
Recently, researchers have reported the antimicrobial activity of traditional medicinal plants
worldwide. So,it is of great interest to screen a wider range of cruciferous species from Sahara
for production of antimicrobial metabolites.
The present investigations have focused on the in vitro screening of various extracts of Zilla
macroptera tested against bacteria.

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Composition et activité antimicrobienne des huiles essentielles de Thymus
fontanesii Boiss et Reut. et de Rosmarinus officinalis L. sur des bactéries
nosocomiales multirésistantes
Mostefa Sari F. 1, Djebli N. 2
1

2

Faculté des sciences de la nature et de la vie et des sciences de la terre
Département de biologie, Université de Khemis Miliana.
Laboratoire de pharmacognosie. Api phytothérapie, Université de Mostaganem, Algérie

Received: December 27, 2013; Accepted: April 25, 2014
Corresponding author Email msarifouzia @ yahoo.fr

Copyright © 2014-POSL
DOI:10.163.pcbsj/2014.8.2.97

Résumé. L’objectif de cette étude est d’isoler les bactéries causales au niveau du service de traumatologie,
pédiatrie et de néonatalogie de l’hôpital de Khemis Miliana d’une part, et d’évaluer leur antibiorésistance, puis
de tester la sensibilité des bactéries, ayant un profil d’antibiorésistance, aux extraits volatiles (huiles essentielles)
pures et dilués (100 mg/ml, 10 mg/ml, 1 mg/ml et 0.1 mg/ml) des deux plantes étudiées (T. fontanesii Boiss et
Reut et R. officinalis L.) d’autre part; et ce, après avoir analyser leur constituants chimiques par la technique
chromatographique en phase gazeuse couplée à la spectrométrie de masse (CPG/SM). Neuf bactéries
nosocomiales présentant une multirésistance aux antibiotiques testés (Doxycycline : DO, Colistine : Cl,
Amoxicilline : AML, Amoxicilline + Acide clavulanique : AMC, Ampicilline : AMP, Kanamycine : K,
Cefotaxime : CTX, Vancomycine : VA, Pénicilline G : P) ont été séléctionnées pour le test de l’aromatogramme :
Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogénes, Escherchia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus vulgaris,
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Neisseria meningitidis et Enterococcus. D’aprés nos resultats,
les deux HE ont agit sur la croissance microbienne, celui de R. officinalis L. étant le plus actif avec des CMI
variant de 0.1 mg/ml (Klebsiella pneumoniae) à 100 mg/ml (Pseudomonas aeruginosa et Entérococcus). L’HE de
T. fontanesii Boiss et Reut a agit sur la plus part des bactéries, le Pseudomonas aeruginosa étant la souche la
plus sensible. L’analyse par CPG/SM a révélée les composants majoritaires suivants : l’α-pinène (37.31 %) et
thymol (10.55%) pour l’HE de T. fontanesii Boiss et Reut, et 1.8-cinéol (13.98 %) linalool (12.03) et camphre
(11.71 %) pour le R. officinalis L.
Mots clefs: Thymus fontanesii Boiss et Reut., Rosmarinus officinalis L.,

huiles essentielles, activité

antimicrobienne, bactéries nosocomiales.

Chemical Composition and antinosocomial effect of essential oils from Thymus fontanesii Boiss et
Reut. and Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Abstract. Essential oils (EO) from Thymus fontanesii Boiss et Reut. and Rosmarinus officinalis L. were tested

on nine nosocomial bacteria isolated from Khemis Miliana hospital (Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus
pyogénes, Escherchia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus
aureus, Neisseria meningitidis and Enterococcus). The best active EO obtained from R. officinalis L.with varied

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Dosage des méroditerpènes à noyau hydroquinonique de l’algue brune
Cystoseira stricta par spectrométrie infrarouge à transformée de Fourier
N. BOUZIDI†*, H. CHERFI*, H. SERIDI*‡, Y. DAGHBOUCHE†* & M. EL HATTAB*
* Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances Naturelles et de BioMolécules (LCSN-BioM)

Laboratoire de Plantes Médicinales et Aromatiques
Université de Blida 1, P.O.B. 270 Soumâa (Blida 09000). Algérie.

Laboratoire de Biologie marine, Université de Sciences et Technologie Houari Boumediene. Algerie

Received: December 24, 2013; Accepted: April 03, 2014
Corresponding author M. El Hattab

Copyright © 2014-POSL
DOI:10.163.pcbsj/2014.8.2.108

Résumé. L'objectif de ce travail est le développement d'une nouvelle méthode analytique pour le dosage des

méroditerpènes à noyau hydroquinonique, contenus dans la fraction lipidique extraite par solvant à partir de
l’algue brune sèche cystoseira stricta, par la spectrométrie infrarouge à transformée de Fourier (IRTF), en
utilisant la préconcentration basée sur l’extraction liquide- liquide selon le protocole de Bligh et Dyer. Les
méroditerpènes à noyau hydroquinonique sont analysés sous forme d’hydroquinone en exploitant l’aire de la
bande spécifique à 1512cm-1 caractéristique de la vibration du groupement C=C du noyau hydroquinonique. Les
valeurs d’absorbances sont corrigés avec une ligne de base stabilisée entre 1500 et 1530 cm-1 et en considérant le
background du blanc analytique. Le taux des méroditerpènes à noyau hydroquinonique moyennement polaires
est de 4.0 eg/g et celui des méroditerpènes à noyau hydroquinonique polaires est de 2.8eg/g. Le taux des
méroditerpènes à noyau hydroquinonique obtenu est en accord avec ceux trouvé dans la documentation pour
quelques méroditerpènes à noyau hydroquinonique et qui sont déterminés par chromatographie liquide à haute
performance en phase normale (CLHP).

Mots clés: Méroditerpènes, noyau hydroquinonique, Algue brune, Cystoseira stricta, IRTF

Dosage by IRTF spectroscopy of Meroditerpens with hydroquinon nucleus in Brown
Alga Cystoseira stricta
Abstract. The objective of this work is the development of a new analytical method for the dosage of
Meroditerpens in brown alga Cystoseira stricta. Meroditerpens are analyzed as hydroquinone by exploiting the
specific area of the band 1512cm-1, characteristic of the C = C vibration of hydroquinone nucleus.
The yield of the moderately polar meroditerpens with hydroquinon nucleus is 4.0 eg / g and that of polar
meroditerpens is 2.8 eg / g.
Key Words: Meroditerpens, hydroquinon nucleus, Brown alga, Cystoseira stricta, IRTF

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CAS-CODEN:PBJHB3

PhytoChem & BioSub Journal

2014
Vol. 8 No. 2

ISSN 2170-1768

Effet des extraits de quelques Astéraceae (Launaea arboresens et Warionia
saharae) sur quelques nématodes à kyste (Globodera sp)
ZIANE Souad, ROUISSAT Linda & CHERITI Abdelkrim
Laboratoire de Phytochimie et Synthèse Organique
Université de Bechar

Received: December 11, 2013; Accepted: March 30, 2014
Corresponding author Email rouilyn@yahoo.fr

Copyright © 2014-POSL
DOI:10.163.pcbsj/2014.8.2.117

Résumé. L’évaluation des extraits de Launaea arboresens et Warionia saharae in vitro vis-à-vis à
l’éclosion des masses des oeufs des nématodes à kyste ( Globodera sp.) a montré que la majorité des
extraits testés présentent une activité nematicide variable qui augmente significativement avec la
durée d’exposition des masses des œufs et les extraits aqueux ou organiques. L’extrait éthanolique de
Launaea arboresens et l’extrait de l’acétone du Warionia saharae, provoquent le taux de mortalité le
plus élevé et atteint respectivement 80% et 57%.

Mots clé: Nématodes, Globodera sp., Activité Nématicide, Launaea arboresens, Warionia saharae
Effect of some Saharan Asteracea extrats (Launaea arboresens & Warionia saharae) against cyst
nematode (Globodera sp)
Abstract. In vitro evaluation of Launaea arboresens and Warionia saharae extracts toward the hatching of cyst

nematodes ( Globodera sp.) eggs, showed that the majority of the tested extracts present an variable nematicidal
activities which increases significantly with the exposure time and aqueous or organic extracts. The ethanol
extract of Launaea arboresens and ketone extract of Warionia saharae have very high nematicidal activity, with
mortality rate respectively 80% and 57%.

Key Words: Nematode, Globodera sp. Nematicidal Activity, Launaea arboresens, Warionia saharae

Introduction
Dans certaines des principales régions de la culture de la pomme de terre en zone
tempérée, le nématode à kystes est une grave infestation du sol qui provoque des baisses
considérables de rendement. sous les tropiques, on ne le trouve ordinairement qu’au-delà de
2000 m [1]. Les nématodes à kystes de la pomme de terre sont considérés comme des
ravageurs les plus économiquement importants dans les régions froids. Cette situation est
directement reliée à la difficulté à contrôler efficacement ou à éradiquer ce ravageur [2]. Les
nématodes à kyste de la pomme de terre sont des parasites des racines bien adaptés. La
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2014
Vol. 8 No. 2

ISSN 2170-1768

The perspectives of use of waters artesian wells of Bechar (Algerian west
south) for the potable water supply
M. F. TALHI 1*, A. CHERITI 1 & I.M. ASTRELIN 2
1
2

Phytochemistry & Organic Synthesis Laboratory, University of Bechar, 08000, Algeria
Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, National Technical University of Ukraine Kiev. Ukraine

Received: August 19, 2013; Accepted: November 25, 2013
Corresponding author Email fouzi.talhi@hotmail.fr

Copyright © 2014-POSL
DOI:10.163.pcbsj/2014.8.2.122

Abstract. The artesian well of Mougheul (wilaya city of Béchar), with depth of 185 meters is one of potential sources of water
supply of district, and allows to provide initial water productivity up to 8 l/s. Requirements to the water for potable needs in
district, as well as in all country, are presented according to specifications of the World Health Organization (WHO).
Key Words: Water supply; WHO ; Algeria; Sahara

Introduction
The resources of superficial water in Algeria are estimated approximately in 11 billions of
m3. These sources represent the superficial drains non-uniformly distributed on the territory of
Algeria. The most part of them is located in the north of the country where the majority of the
rivers and reservoirs is concentrated. Because of specific natural and climatic conditions of
Algeria, mouths of the rivers frequently dry up. During a raining season the water quality of such
sources is characterized by the big contents of suspended matters. The widespread measures on
settlement of distribution of superficial drains with the help of dams frequently conduct to the
deterioration of water. Water in such artificial reservoirs is exposed to periodic flowering that
makes problematic an opportunity for supply of the country’s population by water with required
quality and in necessary quantity. Stocks of underground waters of the country are estimated in
6,8 billions of m3. However underground waters of Algeria are on very big depths and in the
majority differ by enough high mineralization [1]. The result of above-mentioned problems is the
instability of situation in the country, as with water delivery (existing schedules of the potable
water delivery to the population frequently are broken and do not solve a problem of water
supply), and with its quality. Certainly, such state of affairs has a negative effect on sanitary-andepidemiologic conditions of many populated areas.

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PhytoChem & BioSub Journal
Peer-reviewed research journal on Phytochemistry & Bioactives Substances

ISSN 2170 - 1768

ISSN 2170-1768

POSL

Edition LPSO
Phytochemistry & Organic Synthesis Laboratory
http://www.pcbsj.webs.com , Email: phytochem07@yahoo.fr


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