RASOANAIVO intellectual property right and benefit sharing .pdf



Nom original: RASOANAIVO_intellectual property right and benefit sharing.pdf
Titre: Diapositive 1
Auteur: Rafita

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Drug discovery and biodiversity conservation

Company-collector contracts,
intellectual property right and
benefit sharing
Philippe Rasoanaivo
Institut Malgache de Recherches appliquées

Paradox

Problems behind biodiversity and drug discovery

Money

Ignorance
Illusions
Cheating

Problems behind biodiversity and drug discovery
Third World Countries
Biodiversity

Bioprospecting

Controversy
Biopyracy

Stronger prevails

Developed countries

!!!

Technology

Destruction

Exemples de biopiracy
- Brazzein, sweetening protein isolated
from a Gabonese plant (University of
Wisconsin)
- Anti-fungal diterpene from a Zimbabwe plant

(University of Lausanne)
- South African Cactus for the treatment of
the obesity (Fitzer)

So what are we going to do ?
■ Complain
■ Make more legislation
■ Put in place more intellectual property rights

Or are we going to find workable solutions ?
■ Give voice to the local communities
■ Access to genetic resources on a mutually
agreed terms:
● Prior informed consent


Memorandum of agreement



Material transfer agreement

LOI PORTANT RÉGIME D’ACCÈS AUX RESSOURCES
DE LA DIVERSITÉ BIOLOGIQUE DE MADAGASCAR

How to proceed ?

Learning from others

http://www/eldis.org/biodiversity

Points of focus
■ Scientific and technological knowledge
■ Skill enhancement
■ Up-front payment of collection of genetic resources
■ Royalties on products developed from the material
■ Part of payment are to be used for community
development projects: education, health.




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