RASOANAIVO production and trade in medicinal plant .pdf



Nom original: RASOANAIVO_production and trade in medicinal plant.pdf
Titre: The Production and Trade in Medicinal Plants: The Case of Madagascar
Auteur: RASOANAIVO

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The Production and
Trade in Medicinal
Plants:
The Case of
Madagascar
Philippe Rasoanaivo,
Institut Malgache de
Recherches Appliquées,
Antananarivo, Madagascar

Contents
Phytogeography of Madagascar
’ Plants of economic value in
Madagascar
’ Plants of potential economic value
’ Discussion
’

OH
N
H

N
N
O

MeO2C

N
H
MeO2C

Raubasine

MeO

N

N+

N

N
R

OH

MeO2C
MeO2C
Serpentine

O

OAc
Vinblasine: R=CH3
Vincristine: R=CHO

N
N
H
MeO2C
MeO

N

HN
OH
MeO2C
OAc

Navelbine

Graph showing the annual quantity of C. roseus
(roots + leaves)
exported for the period 1972-2000
1400
1200
CIREF

1000

DEF

600
400
200

2000

1998

1996

1994

Year

1988
1990
1992

0
1972
1974
1976
1978
1980
1982
1984
1986

Quantity (tons)

800

Sustainable
exploitation
Village / Community
garden project

CH3
H 3C

O
HO

HO
HOCH2

O

R
CH2OH

O
O

O
OH

OH
CH3

OH

OH

O

OH

O

OH
OH

OH

R= H: Asiaticoside
R= OH: Madecassoside

Graph showing the annual quantity of C. asiatica exported
for the period 1972-2000
120

80
60
40
20
0

19
72
19
74
19
76
19
78
19
80
19
82
19
84
19
86
19
88
19
90
19
92
19
94
19
96
19
98
20
00

Q ua ntity (ton s)

100

Year

Graph showing the annual quantity of P. africana exported
for the period 1972-2000

200
150
100
50
0
19
72
19
74
19
76
19
78
19
80
19
82
19
84
19
86
19
88
19
90
19
92
19
94
19
96
19
98
20
00

Q u a n t it y ( t o n s )

250

Year

Sustainable
exploitation
In situ forest conservation
’ Ex situ forest boundary cultivation
’ Plantation
’

N

N
N
H

CO2Me

Tabersonin

Vincamine

N

Graph showing the annual quantity of V. thouarsii exported
for the period 1972-2000

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1972
1974
1976
1978
1980
1982
1984
1986
1988
1990
1992
1994
1996
1998
2000

Q u a n ti ty (to n s)

80
70

Year

MeO
MeO

N
H

MeO2C

Reserpiline

N

O

Graph showing the annual quantity of
R. confertiflora exported for the period 1972-2000
600

400
300
200
100

Year

2000

1998

1996

1994

1992

1990

1988

1986

1984

1982

1980

1978

1976

1974

0
1972

Quantity (tons)

500




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