Industrial Revolution III .pdf


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12/10/2008

Karl Marx (1818-1883)

The Communist Manifesto (1848)
• Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
• Historical Materialism
– Everything can be explained by man’s relation to his
social, political, and economic environment

• “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history
of class struggles”. --Communist Manifesto—1848
• Does it require deep intuition to comprehend that man’s
ideas, views, and conceptions in one word, man’s
consciousness changes with every change in the
conditions of his material existence, in his social
relations and his social life?” –1848 Communist
Manifesto
• “It is not the consciousness of men that determines their
existence, but, on the contrary, their social existence that
determines their consciousness.”
--Marx--Das Kapital --1867

Is the world ―just‖ and what does politics and economics have to do with this?

Basic Terms

There is no
justice in the
world

There is
some justice
in the world

The world is
just

• Socialism—socio-economic system in
which property and the distribution of wealth
are subject to control by the community
(state) for the purposes of increasing social
and economic equality and cooperation.
• Communism—a classless, stateless social
organization based on common ownership
of the means of production. (and ―ideal‖
society that never actually existed)
– “From each according to his ability, to each
according to his need” --Marx --1875

Bourgeoisie v. Proletariat
• Capitalism developed when peasants started to sell their
labor as a commodity in return for compensation. (In other
words, they are not selling the product of their labor, but
their capacity to work).
• In return for selling their labor power they receive money,
which allows them to survive.
• ―Proletariat" –Those who must sell their labor power

Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Reading Excerpt

• “Bourgeoisie " –Those who own the means of production
(Capitalists) and buy labor power from the proletariat to
produce products in order to make a profit.
• The proletarians inevitably outnumber the capitalists.
• This will cause class conflict and ultimately revolution.

1

12/10/2008

Marxism: Stages of History According to Marx
――All of History is a Class Struggle‖
1. Feudalism

5.
Communism
(Classless
Society)

2. Mercantilism

3. Capitalism

4. Proletarian
Revolution

Bourgeoisie
(Owners)

“Dictatorship
of the
Proletariat”

Proletarians
(Workers)

“Socialism”

• “The development of Modern Industry,
therefore, cuts from under its feet the very
foundation on which the bourgeoisie produces
and appropriates products. What the
bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all, are
its own grave-diggers. Its fall and the victory
of the proletariat are equally inevitable.”
— (The Communist Manifesto)

Why must capitalism happen before communism? THINK!!

Has ―Communism‖ actually ever existed?

“From each according to his ability, to each according to his need”
Karl Marx --1875

• Were the Smurfs
Communists?
• Video

2


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