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ZA EcoBb tomato spider mite 2005 2006 .pdf


Nom original: ZA_EcoBb_tomato_spider mite_2005-2006.pdf
Titre: ZA_EcoBb_tomato_spider mite_2005-2006
Auteur: fleischli.simon

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Second trial on tunnel grown tomatoes, to determine optimum application
rates of Eco-Bb in the control of spider mites
Introduction:
In the earlier trial the best results were achieved with spores at 5g/l. This rate was however
seen as uneconomical and so, for the repeat trial, rates of 0.5, 1 and 2g/l were tested to better
establish an accurate dose recommendation.
Materials and methods:
In this trial treatments were as follows:
1 = untreated control
2 = Abemectin control
3 = Eco-Bb @ 0.5g/l applied with breakthru
4 = Eco-Bb @ 1g/l applied with breakthru
5 = Eco-Bb @ 2g/l applied with Breakthru
Each treatment block consisted of 6 tomato plants and each treatment was replicated 4 times.
Treatments were arranged in a randomized blocks design with the trial being run in the
hydroponic research facility at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg campus.
This repeat trial was run from November 2005 to February 2006. Plant infestation, treatment
and data collection were done as per earlier trials.
Results:

% dead mites

Table showing levels of spider mite control achieved by Eco-Bb relative to controls
% dead mites % dead mites % dead mites
(week 1)
(week 2)
(week 3)
Untreated
3
1
6
Abemectin
88
92
81
0.5g/l Eco-Bb
34
48
60
1g/l Eco-Bb
46
69
74
2g/l Eco-Bb
61
63
79

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

week 1
week 2
week 3

Untreated

Abemectin

0.5g/l
Treatments

Figure 1: Graph showing levels of spider mite control

Discussion:

1 g/l

2g/l

Again, results can be seen to be accumulative with the highest level of control being achieved
after 3 weeks of weekly applications. There was no significant difference between application
rates of 1 or 2 g/l in weeks 2 and 3. From these results an application rate of 1g/l would be
recommended for the control of red spider mite on tomatoes.
Again, no signs of phytotoxicity could be observed at the double rate. Beauveria bassiana is
not know to be plant parasitic on any host plant and given the nature of the formulation
products no phytotoxicity is likely to occur regardless of rates applied.


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