تقدير عمر الاجنة .pdf



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ESTIMATION OF FETAL AGE IN SHEEP BY MEASUREMENT OF THE
EMBRYONIC VESICLE DIAMETER AND UMBILICAL CORD
DIAMETER BY USING REAL-TIME ULTRASONOGRAPHY
S. N. Omran* H. M. AL-Rawi ** M.H. AL-Salman**
* College of Veterinary Medicine; University of Baghdad
**College of Agriculture; University of Al-Anbar
ABSTRACT
This experiment includes 72 local Awassi ewes aged between 2 to 5 years
old. The aim of this study was to estimate the fetal age by the measurement of the
embryonic vesicle and diameter of umbilical cord diameters during the different
periods of gestation by using 5MHz real-time ultrasonography. Results of this
study indicated that the embryonic vesicle could be seen at 14 days post breeding,
and this can be the first sign of early pregnancy diagnosis. The embryo could be
successfully seen at 20 days post breeding. The umbilical cord was first
diagnosed at 23 days post breeding. Linear, quadratic and cubic equations were
described, which adjust the relationship between the fetal age and diameter of
embryonic vesicle and umbilical cord. In a conclusion, linear equation of the
relationship between diameter of embryonic vesicle and fetal age was the best
…….

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equation to estimate the fetal age, while the cubic equation was the best equation
to estimate the relationship between fetal age, and diameter of the umbilical cord.



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age in sheep and goats using transrectal ultrasonogrphic measurement of
placentomes. Theriogenology 1997; 48: 449-460.
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London: Eailliere Tindall 1979: 452-458.
3. Karen A, Kovacs P, Beckers JF, Szenci O. Pregnancy diagnosis in sheep:
Review of the most practical methods. Acta Vet Brono 2001; 70: 115-126.
4. Sergeev L, Kleemann DO, Walker SK, Smith DH, Grosser TI, Mann, T,
Seamark RF. Real-time ultrasound imaging for predicting ovine fetal age.
Theriogenology 1990; 34: 593- 601. (Cited by Karen et al. 2001).

166

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5. Sivachelvan M, Ali MG, Chiubuzo GA. Fetal age estimation in sheep and
goat. Small Rumin Res 1996; 19: 96-76.
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Mode ultrasonography to monitor fetal heart rate of hair sheep in the tropies. J
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