Lecture 4.pdf


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Name
Suzette Charles
Sharlene Wells
Susan Akin
Kellye Cash
Kaye Lani Rae Rafko
Gretchen Carlson
Debbye Turner
Marjorie Vincent
Kate Shindle
Nicole Johnson
Angela Perez Baraquio
Katie Harman

Height
5' 3" (63")
5' 8" (68")
5' 9" (69")
5' 8" (68")
5' 10" (70")
5' 3" (63")
5' 8" (68")
5' 6" (66")
5' 11" (71")
5' 9" (69")
5' 4" (64")
5' 3" (63")

Weight
100
120
114
116
131
108
118
110
145
133
118
110

BMI
17.7
18.2
16.8
17.6
18.8
19.1
17.9
17.8
20.2
19.6
20.3
19.5

Katie Harman
(2002)

Isolated examples are useless
Let’s get (available) winners from the past 19 years

What’s typical?

“Is Miss America an Undernourished Role Model?”
! Rubinstein, Sharon MHS. Caballero, Benjamin MD, PhD. Journal
of the American Medical Association, 283(12):1569, March 22/29,
2000.
Yes example
! Suzette Charles (1984) weighed just 100 pounds
No example (Robert Renneisen Jr., CEO Miss America Org.)
! “Recent winners have had some of the highest body mass readings,
a reflection of pageant officials’ emphasizing brains over beauty.”

Arguing from examples
!

!

!

!
!
Year
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1998
1999
2001
2002

BMI = 703 Weight / Height2. (Weight in pounds, height in inches.)
BMI<19.1: “underweight” (NHANES)
BMI<18.5: “undernourished” (WHO)
BMI=22.7: average for women age 20-29

Weight
100
120
114
116
131
108
118
110
145
133
118
110
sum
n
sum/n

16

17

18

BMI

19

20

center of mass, balance point

Calculating the mean: Example
BMI (Y)
17.7
18.2
16.8
17.6
18.8
19.1
17.9
17.8
20.2
19.6
20.3
19.5
223.6
12
18.6

BMI<19.1: “underweight” (NHANES)
BMI<18.5: “undernourished” (WHO)
BMI=22.7: average for women age 20-29

Mean is sensitive……..

…………..extreme values

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