lecture Openings design.pdf


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Escape
v Windows used for emergency escape must be easy to open, have reasonably low sills,
and openings large enough to go through without difficulty.

‫( ﻴﻌﺭﺽ ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ ﻭﺤﺠﻡ ﻓﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﻙ ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺯل ﺍﺫﺍ ﻤﺎ ﺘﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻬﺭﻭﺏ ﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﺨﺭﻭﺝ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬١٣) ‫ﺸﻜل ﺭﻗﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺍﺭﺉ‬

Materials
v Windows are commonly made of wood, steel, and aluminum, less often of stainless
steel or bronze.

..‫( ﻴﻌﺭﺽ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺴﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺒﻴﻙ ﻜﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺼﺩﻴﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺔ‬١٤) ‫ﺸﻜل ﺭﻗﻡ‬