WRITE IN ENGLISH.pdf
This book began to emerge in 1985, based on the wisdom of my original guru in Finland,
Jean Margaret Perttunen (1916—). For decades, she offered me advice, revealing the problems that
Finnish scientists face when writing in English. I depended on Peggy’s book, The Words Between,
to start developing a University of Helsinki English writing course for scientists seeking
My current active guru is Björn Gustavii, MD, PhD, of Lund, Sweden. His first book, How to Write
and Illustrate a Scientific Paper, plus our frequent emails and now his unique 2012 guide to
compilation theses have been so valuable that I cite him here very often.
The European Association of Science Editors (EASE) has, since 1997, allowed me to sit at the feet
of major international journal editors to learn and then to import their advice to Finland. EASE
publishes European Science Editing, which prints notes and articles based on our Helsinki inclassroom “action research.” Course participants from the University of Helsinki medical and
science faculties thus benefit from EASE and repay with their views and innovations.
To all of these, and to teaching colleagues Stephen Stalter and Vanessa Fuller, I offer for many
reasons many years’ worth of gratitude.
Carol Norris, 2015