WRITE IN ENGLISH.pdf


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Table of Contents
Advice for modern academic writing ..............................................................................................3
General advice for non-native writers………………………………………………………... 3
Basic Methodology I: Process writing ............................................................................................4
Basic Methodology II: Passive vs. active voice ............................................................................10
Basic Methodology III: The end-focus technique ...........................................................................12
Article sections: overview, content, order of creation .....................................................................16
Case reports .....................................................................................................................................17
The article abstract ...........................................................................................................................18
Titles &authors ................................................................................................................................21
Tables and figures and their titles & legends ..................................................................................23
Recipe for an introduction ...............................................................................................................26
Methods ..........................................................................................................................................27
Results..............................................................................................................................................29
Recipe for a discussion ....................................................................................................................30
Reference list ...................................................................................................................................31
PhD thesis/dissertations ...................................................................................................................32
Acknowledgements .........................................................................................................................35
Permission lines ...............................................................................................................................39
Tense-choice ...................................................................................................................................40
Citations and layout .........................................................................................................................41
Verbs for academic scientific writing..............................................................................................43
Formality levels ...............................................................................................................................45
Words confused and misused ..........................................................................................................46
A sample of preposition problems...................................................................................................49
Participle problems ..........................................................................................................................50
A sample of article-use guidelines...................................................................................................51
Chief uses of the comma .................................................................................................................52
Punctuation terms ............................................................................................................................53
Exercise in punctuation ...................................................................................................................54
Punctuation: the only logical system in English..............................................................................55
Handling numerals, numbers, and other small items ......................................................................59
Take-home messages .......................................................................................................................63
Sample professional cover letter......................................................................................................64
Second-submission cover letter .......................................................................................................66
Layout and lines for formal letters...................................................................................................66
Email suggestions ............................................................................................................................68
Handling reviewers/referees and editors .........................................................................................69
Plagiarism ........................................................................................................................................72
Impact factors ..................................................................................................................................74
Valuable resources............................................................................................................... 75
Appendices:
I. Find more than 60 problems ................................................................................76
II. Introduction exercise ..........................................................................................77
III. Editing exercise ...................................................................................................78
IV. Methods editing…….... ......................................................................................79
V. Proofreading exercise ..........................................................................................80
VI. Table exercise .....................................................................................................81
Index .................................................................................................................................. 82