WRITE IN ENGLISH.pdf


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5
Refer immediately and clearly to all the main items involved, ones that are your key words.
When referring to previously mentioned items with “this / these / such,” offer more than just the
pronoun:
Ambiguous
Specific
This …
This model …
becomes
These …
These patterns …
à
It …
Such a program…
You can often save words by adding data:“This extremely effective model / program.”
Make the text talk about the text itself.
English loves signposts, or connectives, because they tell readers how to receive new information.
Use not only “First … second … third . . . ,” but other types of signposts:
“On the other hand . . . .” “Considering this from another angle . . . .”
“Similar to the last point is . . . .”

Edit to avoid series of short—and thus choppy—sentences:
Link some and embed others within their neighbors.
Elegant (linked and embedded)
Short and choppy
X costs a lot. You can’t get
it there often.

X is expensive and is seldom available there.
or do you mean: Because X is expensive,
à it is seldom available there.

Situation àResult = end-focus
X, being expensive there, is seldom available.

or:
Use the shortest sentences for the strongest statements. (“Every mouse died.”)

Cut out every extra word that performs no task.
There is / are X.

X exists.
X occurs.
X appears.
X arises.
X emerges.

Note: All
are Active
Voice

Avoid repeating FACTS. Planned repetition of WORDS helps linkage. Confusion results
from synonym-use. Make yourself clear by choosing one term. Do not indulge in overuse of a
synonym dictionary (thesaurus). For instance, “Method / methodology / procedure /
system” must never mean the same thing. We will assume that they mean four different things.