Déclaration Anglais .pdf



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AMCDD’s (Moroccan Alliance for the
climate and sustainability) declaration
on national and global climate
challenges to the international actors
at the occasion of the COP21

AMCDD
Moroccan Alliance for the
climate and sustainability
The AMCDD, (the Moroccan alliance for the climate and the
sustainable development) is a platform of the Moroccan civil
society grouping the majority of NGO and networks of associations working in the field of the environment and sustainable development.
The AMCDD is considered a national network reference, representing NGO and networks of national, regional and local
organizations, influential and independent in subject matter
of civil dialogue, advocacy and lobbying at the national as
well as the international levels in the field of climate change
mitigation and sustainable development for the benefit of the
citizen.

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Les défis climatiques nationaux et planétaires

THE AMCDD the Moroccan
Alliance for the Climate and the
sustainable development.

On the occasion of the COP21 and COP22 in the CCNCC framework
to be held respectively in Paris on December 2015 and in Marrakech
on December 2016, the Moroccan civil society has elaborated a
national declaration D1 directed to the Moroccan social actors and
another declarationD2 to the international actors .
AMCDD D2 MOROCCO

Les défis climatiques nationaux et planétaires

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This call is an output of a civil society
from a country , Morocco, a region
, North Africa and a continent that
exists at the heart of the most vulnerable and affected areas by the climate changes and the global warming ,knowing that the area is the least
producer of greenhouse effect gases
(GHG).
It is a call to the world citizens and live
forces for a supported and coordinated mobilization to force the negotiators and decision makers of different
countries meeting at the COP21 in
Paris ,to make the voice of reason
heard , the scream of the civil society
, a call for a an ecological emergency
, with a purpose , reducing the threats
that lie heavily on the water security ,
the food security ,the global security
and the emergency to save our habitat ,the EARTH, a fragile and limited
planet.
This call should be achieved adopting a universal, historical agreement,

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Les défis climatiques nationaux et planétaires

just and legally opposable.
According to the 5th assessment
report elaborated by 500 international scientists IPCC and ratified
by different countries, there are new
evidences of the magnitude of the
global warming, leaving no doubt
for an emergency to act,the governments of the countries with a historical responsibility and the countries
with emissions that exceed bearable
rates ,must stop their strategy of running ahead and stop the repeated
postponing and the stagnation, conference after conference ,to get out
of inaction whose cost is higher and
higher and work positively to conclude an agreement at Paris COP21 ,
to meet the needs and ambitions of
our countries and continents.
We hope that the international community after the negotiations in Lima
and the meetings held before the
COP 21 conclude a new universal cli-

mate agreement at the COP21 in Paris
and of COP22 expected in Morocco
in 2016, the Conference of action.
It is in this framework that we, NGO
and networks of NGO members of
the Moroccan Alliance for the climate and sustainable development
the (AMCDD),

Taking into consideration that
the international community is at the
eve of a decisive rendezvous, for the
future of our planet. The absence of
a fair and just common and determined decision would have dramatic consequences on the destiny of
humankind.

Warned of the gravity of the
impacts of the climate change of
anthropogenic origin on the drinking water resources, on the nutrition
and food security, on health, on the
biodiversity at land and water, on the
inequalities and human rights.


Reminding that the African
continent is the lowest emitter of
greenhouse effect gases at the
global scale and at the same time
the most vulnerable to climate
change (Africa emits 4% of greenhouse effect gases while there are 6
African countries which are among
the 10 countries the most vulnerable
to climate change at the world level).

Worried about the poor African
population, the most vulnerable living on ecologically fragile lands and
the situation of their countries heavily in debts, conducting numerous
harmful and prejudicial activities
to the environment, overexploiting
their natural resources: Forests, fisheries and mines causing landslides
and soil erosion, exhausting water
resources causing more desertification with the weakest outcome of
produce in crops.


Warned by the week coher-

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5

ence and synergies of public policies,
economical and environmental and
climatic of African countries adopting practices of developing models
of individual countries, involving the
use of technologies that generate
pollution, agricultural methods with
a high intensity of chemical products
and activities and agricultural varieties aimed for the export that drive to
the loss of biodiversity, the waste of
water, energy and natural resources.

Aware of the insufficiency of
the current climate finance to meet
all the challenges caused by the climate change and provide the affected African countries by the climate
change with financial support, sustainable, adequate and predictable
to ensure the cost of adaptation in
Africa in agriculture , infrastructure… .


6

Taking into consideration the

Les défis climatiques nationaux et planétaires

negative Impact of the climate constraint on the efforts to reach the
objectives for a sustainable development after 2015.

We invite decision makers of
the globe and particularly the governments, the parliamentary deputies
and associations and the civil society
at the international scale to act for=
:

1. A universal climate agreement in
Paris, just and legally binding ,
capable to respond to the challenges caused
by the climate changes.

It is obvious that the industrialized
countries are responsible of 70% of
greenhouse effect of CO2 emissions,
with; more than 5 tons of CO2 per
year, besides, they represent only
15, 5% of the world population. The
industrialized countries have a heavy
responsibility in the climate changes
and must redeem their ecological
debt vis-à-vis the developing countries and Paris COP21 is the opportunity for this redemption getting to an
agreement.
Aware that all the countries of the
international community both in the

north and the south must act taking
into consideration their common
responsibility in spite of their rate
in term of equity and in accordance
with the capacities of each party to
keep the global warming of the earth
within 1,5 degrees centigrade in order
to avoid destructive catastrophes.
Aware that the success of the Paris
agreement, must go beyond adaptation to operationalization with the
concept winner-winner.

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II. A GREEN FUND AND COMPLEMENTARY FUNDS TO GUARANTEE
INCOME AND MECHANISM ABLE
TO MEET
THE REAL NEEDS OF THE COUNTRIES
THAT ARE THE MOST AFFECTED by
CLIMATE CHANGE.
• En comparaison des flux d’argent
c• In term of comparative approach
the flow of money that goes to the
yearly purchase of weapons is estimated to 1547 billion US$ in 2014.
Therefore we consider the 100 billion
US$ per year awaited for the beginning of 2015, constitute the minimum
flow of funds that must be provided
to the countries affected most by the
climate change.

Suggest a clear roadmap to
reach the objective of a 100 billion
US$ within 2020.

The adaptation must be taken
into consideration on an equal footing with the mitigation in the climate
finance outside the green climate
fund GCF where the parity adaptation-mitigation is already a right.

The assumption of the industrialized countries to take over the

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Les défis climatiques nationaux et planétaires

cost and indemnities for the profit of
the affected countries in the south
,avoiding any possible confusion
weakening with the finance of the
damages and losses of the industrialized countries who have the ability
to mobilize quickly means in accordance with their infrastructures.

Set up confidence and transparency between developed and
developing countries to ensure a real
respect to the commitment, a clear
differentiation with the loans directed
to development and the finance necessary for the countries of the south
to Implement national policies to
fight the climate change, at the same
time facilitating procedures to have
access to funds for the most affected
countries.

As for the finance from the public sources there is need to be in for

of donation at the same time exploring all the possibilities of finance via
markets.

Ensuring means for the functioning of the Moroccan centre of the
competences 4C which aims at forming African actors from the public
,private sectors as well as actors from
the civil society and universities so

as to reinforce the African capacities
in term of negotiations and access to
world funds for the climate.

Being a vulnerable continent,
Africa must have advantage and priority of access to climate finance.

THE EMERGENCY OF ALL THE COUNTRIES OF THE
SOUTH AND OF THE NORTH TO SUBMIT INDCs
WITH EFFECTIVE COMMITMENT OF SIGNIFICATIVE
REDUCTION OF THEIR EMISSIONS OF GREENHOUSE
EFFECT GASES
We call upon all the countries to
present realistic and reasonable contributions and formulate before the
COP21 a global budgetary estimation
for a progressive adaptation of their
economies showing their capacities
to unfold available resources effectively, hence creating a new social
contract, economic and environmental of the country to contribute to
the world objectives of the climate
change.
_The Africans countries to finalize
their INDCs and better converge their
contributions to their countries priorities in relation to sustainable development because the way they are
integrated in the INDCs of the countries will help to determine the suc-

cess of their Implementation beyond
Paris COP21.
-To have ambitions to integrate
aspects of adaptation and mitigation
in a larger framework of an economical ecological development.
-To ensure a transparency and a
good governance of the funds and
to prove the ability to unfold available
resources effectively.
-To take into account the gender
approach and the struggle against
poverty.
-The industrialized countries to present their INDCs ambitious enough
to contribute truly to keep the Earth
temperature to 2 degrees centigrade.
The states the most producers of GHG

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9

must assume their responsibilities in
reducing in a significant manner their
GHG emissions because according
to the IPCC, the world emissions of
the GHG must be reduced between
40 to 70percent in the period 2010
-2050 and disappear up to 2100
to keep the earth temperature to 2
degrees centigrade.
-We consider both the United States
of America and China as the most
CO2 emitters of the world .They represent 45% but have not assumed their
historical and present responsibility
yet. The United States of America 26
to 28 % of its emissions from now
to 2025 compared to 2005 when
the USA emissions were the highest
ever noticed with almost 7200 MT
CO2.In1999, the year of international
comparaison,the American objectives are modest: -13,8% in 2025
compared to 1999 i.e. an annual effort
hardly – 0,43%.
-China free of the historical responsibility, wanted to go on emitting GHG
for the next 15 years to the point of
emissions in 2030 then start reducing.
Furthermore, China has already
announced they would reduce the
carbon intensity (emissions of GHG
per unit of GDP) of its economy of
40% to 45% from now to 2020 com-

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Les défis climatiques nationaux et planétaires

pared to 2005.
We call upon the USA and China to
make new announcements which
will make them in harmony with
the fixed objectives by the IPCC,
and contribute to the green funds
in term of their historical and current responsibility and power: The
Americans, for instance, have spent
575 billion US$ in 2014 and the
Chinese 139 billion in 2013. The
Europeans have spent 274 billion
dollars.
All the private companies as well as
the States should announce their
commitments to participate in the
reduction the GHG in accordance
with their polluting activities, inverting in clean projects, in the developing countries.
To draw necessary lessons from
the experience of the implementation of the Kyoto protocol to make
of the COP22 a successful framework a passage to the operationalisation of instruments and the
structures of control to apply a possible new agreement in Paris. And
advocate for a decentralization to
ensure a better coordination and
complementarities between the
instruments of the existing climate
finance.
The Paris agreement and the INDCs
must allow a real transition for a

new development model for all countries North and South.
The different social actors, medias…
national and international must keep
their mobilization and the pressure
on the biggest polluters to reduce
their emissions and increase their
participation in the world funds for
the climate and advocate for its
decentralization and ensure a better
coordination and complementarities
between the existing instruments of
climate finance.
To give the world politics a human

face, this politics that causes a nonstop increase of the number of climate refugees and the number of
the dead at the borders of the developed countries which put up more
and more physical frontiers in front
women , the youth and men of the
south , this after having removed all
the frontiers to the capitals in these
countries , in the context of an unjust
and incomplete globalization.

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11

III. T. MAKE OF THE CLIMATE
RISK, WHICH THREATENS THE
COUNTRIES AN OPPORTUNITY
FOR A CHANGE
A MODEL OF SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT.

Adopter une approche E• Adopt a
multisectoral ecosystemic approach
in the integration of climate change
in the policy of the development of
their countries, to ensure an integrated management of water resources,
energy, space management and biodiversity conservation.

Promote projects of renewable
energy and energetic efficiency of a
large scale with interaction between
regional optimization then worldwide
to :
-
Get Africa out of darkness and
meet continent expectations where
more and more than 625 million
people in sub-Saharan Africa, almost
2/3 of the population don’t have a

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Les défis climatiques nationaux et planétaires

safe access to electricity.
-
The implementation of policies
allowing energetic transition towards
a future with 100% RE ( Renewable
Energy) in the year2100 ; an achievable objective provided you get to
an international agreement on the
climate up to 2020 , thanks to :

Success in technological
research matters and a change in our
lifestyle.

A gradual shift from fossil energy to sciences of renewable energy
for almost all the human activities
(transport; industry; lighting; heating
etc).


Keep enough fossil energy
underground.

Upgrade the international synergy to reinforce democracy, social
justice, an equitable economy and
the preservation of the environment
and peace.

Develop knowledge, scientific
research and the climate services of
the African countries to produce reliable assessment on resilience and
the adoption to the variability and the
climate change and above all break
down all the barriers to development

and technology transfer.

Anticipate the climate effects
on the social classes the most disadvantaged in Africa; reinforce safety
nets and social protection.
Rethink the world policy of capital
mobility, human mobility and the
mobility of migration and d environmental realities and the refugees,
taking into account the economic,
social realities and the increasing
impact of the climate change.

IV. PROMOTE THE GREEN
ECONOMY, LEVER OF CREATION
OF WEALTH AND JOBS IN AFRICA.

• Implement in every country: strategies, mutisectorial programs and
structures of coordination and integration necessary for a transition
towards a green growth inclusive and
equitable on the social plan.
• Prioritize the access to funds for

the countries which have a policy
that promote the green economy,
integrating the economic valorization
of the natural ecosystems in implementing the public policy of development and in particular the ecosystem
of forests and oasis.
Improve women and young people’s
capabilities in reference to the use of
technologies and practices of farming appropriate and ready to improve
resilience to climate change.

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WE INVITE ALL THE INSTITUTIONAL ACTORS OF
ALL THE COUNTRIES TO ALLOW THE CIVIL SOCIETY
ACTORS TO:

.
Have a legal and regulatory framework of an effective participatory
democracy and necessary means
to ensure their strategic missions
of supervision and mobilization of
the population and follow-up of the
national and international policies
for a better involvement of different
social components.
Participate in the preparation of
INDCs of their countries to the decisional process of the follow-up and
the implementation of the expected
agreement, the assessment of coun-

tries’ achievement and the respect of
the clauses of the agreement expected in Paris.
To follow-up the implementation of
the expected agreement in Paris in
the view of a preparation for the COP
22 to be held in Morocco by the end
of 2016.
Provide the civil society with means
and mechanism to get into the diplomatic and media machine nationally
and internationally to give a chance
to the voice of vulnerable populations and the civil society to be heard
locally and internationally.
RABAT, September 12th, 2015

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