Artefact BM Yas anglais .pdf
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Finance Project in drinking water supply in rural areas in
Introduction and problematic
Access to adequate drinking water is one of the major strategic areas identified among those
for reducing poverty. The situation of access to rural drinking water is relatively complex to
Madagascar. Book cover rate technology "improved" addressed by the MDGs is extremely
low. The majority of Malagasy households have no access to drinking water considering the
safety criteria for effective use and sustainability. Thus, the lack of access to safe water
remains an undeniable problem for the development plan of Madagascar.
The responsibilities of the different actors
Through the ministry concerned (in charge of water), the State will guarantee the
sustainability of the water supply service, preservation and protection of water resources and
the environment. The government contributes in several ways, among others:
a) Citizenship education: awareness for the use and to the respect of some existing
b) contribution to development: determine the expectations of the population, proliferation
of standpipes and / or then already set up, support referent projects of drinking water
supply, for financial support to affected donors.
2) The public aid provider
the donors, whose contribution is essentially a technical and financial point of view.
assess the relevance of the "cost-benefit"
Provision of financial support
Monitoring the effectiveness of the project following the leased aid.
3) The private sector
The private sector: NGOs, small and medium engineering companies, consulting firms,
masons and plumbers, providing companies of parts and work, etc will be mobilized for the
operational implementation and management of infrastructure.
4) the beneficiary population
The population is a direct player in the public service of drinking water. She will be
involved to contribute financially, awareness / maintenance / sustainability of the
infrastructure and participation through the association of water users, payment water,
integrated management of different points village water, compliance with drinking water
standards and taking into account the social.
The main obstacles to solving this problem
Many are the obstacles that currently stand in the resolution of this problem, among which the
most important are:
1. Weak management capacity and operating hydraulic structures
2. High rate of non-operation and abandonment of works while the number of such
infrastructure is set to increase rapidly in the short term.
3. Lack of communication and information exchange between stakeholders from where
negligence of the urgent need to initiate remedial action, maintenance, repair and
security services already put in place.
4. The absence of a monitoring and evaluation system.
Low average income of the population, which, despite the cost of the infrastructure
set up, requires that services remain within the limits of bearable costs to be accessible
to the greatest number of users.
Insufficient water resources in the most affected area, especially related to low
rainfall and hydrogeological context of the country making it complex and expensive
utilization of waters.
Objective and solutions
The purpose of choosing this topic "Financing project to supply drinking water in rural areas
in Madagascar" is to reduce the proportion of people, households without access to clean
water in Madagascar. Indeed, we recommend:
1. providing adequate access to drinking water to as many additional person
2. Establishing conditions technical, administrative and financial ensuring the
sustainability of access to drinking water
3. Setting up a promotional environment, education, information, communication and
education of the beneficiaries so that they are able to join the project, to invest in their
facilities to operate, maintain and rehabilitate.
4. Encourage water management that prioritizes the needs of drinking water to
populations in relation to other uses.
5. Consistency of water uses with exploitable resources quantitatively and qualitatively
in a perspective of sustainability.
Compared to solving issues and problems previously explained, the solutions are considered
appropriate because they enable the implementation of the decentralization law that promotes
the transfer of skills of drinking water, the human, technical and logistics necessary for the
exercise of regulatory tasks, support and control to the local authorities.
1. The substantial increase in the rate of access to adequate drinking water in rural areas,
and the adoption by the people of appropriate hygiene practices contribute to the
eradication of the disease, and a significant drop in prevalence of malnutrition and
waterborne diseases such as diarrhea which are factors greatly facilitating the
mortality of children under 5 years or that of maternal mortality.
2. Income-generating activities to be undertaken by women due to the gain on the water
supply time, allow more autonomy of the past.
3. The decrease in the prevalence of waterborne diseases will contribute to a decline in
spending on health care.
4. job creation during and after installation of the project and the increase in economic
and financial capacity of companies and consulting firms form factors reducing