Fichier PDF

Partage, hébergement, conversion et archivage facile de documents au format PDF

Partager un fichier Mes fichiers Convertir un fichier Boite à outils PDF Recherche PDF Aide Contact



الاسس .pdf



Nom original: الاسس.pdf
Titre: Microsoft Word - 2-18.8.doc
Auteur: admin

Ce document au format PDF 1.3 a été généré par PrimoPDF http://www.primopdf.com / AFPL Ghostscript 8.13, et a été envoyé sur fichier-pdf.fr le 25/02/2016 à 21:15, depuis l'adresse IP 197.2.x.x. La présente page de téléchargement du fichier a été vue 312 fois.
Taille du document: 536 Ko (62 pages).
Confidentialité: fichier public




Télécharger le fichier (PDF)









Aperçu du document


www.arab-nation.com -
‫ ت ا
ا‬
‫ی م‬



< ‹‰ù] I1
< íÖæ‚Ö]<Ìé‰<kÛ’Â<…çjÒ‚Ö]

<



!"#$ %&' ( "
)*%+ , -./ 01 2. .3 & 4 5 6




" 789 :;# < !=> ;? @A+ , B
‫ا
ا‬


1


2 @A+ C1
K"L M% N O#+ P "Q> ; "H R SA T+ U VW 2 LX 1967 ( E ) 2DE& F#%G AH
A _ `a1 2 O#+ b1 c= R'+ d OA+ A1 A .1 . \ 2 ] " 2 @ " YZ [ + (%.#LW 2;X
Q , %# A 01 A=YL @#A= F T+ U VW eH f R g . + h E#+> h H :"H i j kl +
2 1 oi L 2 g . + Y` oYLK"+ k #9 P L3 m # 6 _ b nX #"+ 2 \8 7 @+
.
oi l k& 5 2K"L e 8S [ + (%.#LW + ZpW e Yq \ A i i e
KW e M% '
&
2"tuQv < o uw % kH #L= 2 #pW 2 %+ s'& Y` . b"%.#L [ + n + r8
p 2;X W " 2 @A+ "
{ T+ 2 @A+ : x 6L+ & y+ . l K` & q
. |i = K"H i} x 6Q &
5 o ~ 2 . E 1 # W r> .W x e 2!"#$ X B & ! :"H -"S= k& 2"" 2K" " 2 @ " 2K" v y+
ƒi W ' 8= ;1 " 2 & " #S. 21 L c & B .#LW ‚9 " 2+ . . - %S#+ , 2 A!+ € + Q> 
uQi e 'u+ . [ + x A+ , t w „ = > k;1 '& n . 2Q Af , 2 Q Q " 2 @ "  k& . 2 q+
o L+ 2 @ " " o i> S"Q 2 @ " " 8S%+ 2 @ " " €%L+ 2 @ " " -3 2 @ " 1 .+
" " nu + 2u @ " " 2K .+ 2 @ " " < L+ 2 @ " c# > , . … … " r S"L+ (c1 2 @ " "
( 2 #w> 2 @A+ 2 + † + 2 @A+ ‡ A& B@A+ ˆ #L :"H . … … " 2 !AW 2 @ " "
L+ 2 @
2u @ " SuQiv " -SAW 2 @ " ‡ A& 21 W ‰& A ˆ #L :"H . oE K#W r @A+ r pH eK#= K;A
2 |i #+ 2 @A+ 2 g c > 2 @A+ 2 l + 2 @A+ 2 l + 2 @A+ k %S+ .+ 2 @ 2‹ (O f " x Š
eu } p 2!L"!+ , > 2!L"!+ r @ e Œ ‰;AW , r @A+ n . … … 2 + Š 2 W 2 @
. … … 2 X + 2 + qW 2 W  K 5 Ž * 5 €LA= T+ r @A+
. r @ ;"
{ T+ 2 @A+
= " 2 @A"+ " h ;! Ra%1

2

ku& " 2u @ " :"H \ .#+> 5 b+ x / R
!+ i 3  # = T+ 2 Q Q> r %. + ˆ
e r81j > & ‘ e
D> 2 .H R'& . e i *#W b "H -!# Y` ; "H < !=> T+ " 2 @A+ " h ;!
o :"H i ( f i T+ " 2 @A+ " h ;! *# y+ / YZ " 2 @ " 2K" sYq= T+ ( "#+
. 8
q " 2 + oi q+ 2 @ " eH G *# B& " 2 @ " 2K"
+ 2!"#$ r>> e i *#W & , ‚"#’> “
. < != 5 R 6 b# ` i Rv h> *#+ '&
, u ”c e q x8 L i W ;.. T+ r  _> y+ . |i = i} … { 2 @A+ : x 6L+
" 2 uL i W " F*uwi " 2 #w> 2 # 1 L+ r i ;KŠ / " , • bX :"H – + e oYq e
" 2u @ " uLK#" [ + P %p+ e Yq , yw > . 2!"#VW r K#~ , Ri q+ x A+ 2 @A+ X —
'& . 2 L i W e ˜ — B & , " 2 @A+ " oi l eH G *# b"%.#L [ + n + r8
p 2;X W
B& ;% yt+ . 2 L i W 2
!+ W ( Œ 1 e '+ :"H ( ‚.1 L i W Y` :"H < c >
 uS+ :u"H eu
+ 2 L i Y` 2 @ eH q*% 1 2 i q+ b#Z+ b=> . h
kL i W
!+ x ™ e %
eu Yqu eH B;L! [ + P %p+ Π5 kL i W
!+ " N"L+ " Ga#+ '& ˆ . kL i W
(u 5 v 2*"W b" W “ [ + x A"+ Q Q M"c=>  2* * Y`  > 2
!+ r ;#X>
2u+ m eu B& AH v €". '
& . kL i W
!+ 2 i G h
x ™ (q , Bf %=> FL + v
Yq ( . L i W n 2
1 " o i % " , x + :"H Π/ 5 [ + x A"+ 2
!+ šQv x K
#Q
> %"uQ ‡ . kL i W
!+ . ˆ #L :"H “ R › p+ ”c#A “ " o i %W " P + e
!W e
[ + x A+ 2 ;# ` r @ @ r ;X d S1 ;#X e [ + eU + , e
!W e Y` . b 1 \ SH
:"H kL i W
!+ n + . 2 L i K"+ bA ! > . FAK= F kL i W
!+ . œ š +
. b"& O# [ + (%.#LW , G6 x  2 7 ;#L X
!W e
D > )  n + , YGa#+ 2 Š e i
. „ b U 1 r @ e @ r ;X e d U K 1 - 1 #+ ˆ eH @A+ 7 c b 1 A& e
i > . kL i W
!"+ h & 2 "KH œ š + [ ž R
1 \ A 2 "KH e \EX b% R'+ kL i W
!+
u.1 . au kK"H Y` kH l Y` a1 S# [ + eU + , 2 L i W k"*#A L i W e Yq ( 1
23 u Y` v 2* * Y` b#" c v > b= ;#X> 2 L i W Y` 2
!+ r ;#X> ( Œ1i
u
!+ K‘ „ '& .2 L i K"+ . FAK=  ~ ( [ + eU + , k #w> x A"+ ƒ Qa
u
!+ (u%. : bA ˜ $ > i h A + K v b 1 bX :"H 2
!+ o i %W e a & kL i W
i `
y+' v
AH . <8U> :"H
! > [ + (%.#L"+ 2 @ kL i W
. kK" + i 3
.2 L i W  U :"H 2 i G " 2 @ " 5 2X , B [ + P %p+ Œ & , .#L x E K1 v a
2u @ euH uq*% > + K bA % bX :"H i 3 S. 1 . -"SAW '& YZ 2 3 "%. > B
'u& Y` :"H v + . 2 @ eH )*%+ 2O [ + x A+ €H # e P ; eH q*% ( [ + x A"+
h u. kL i W
!+ b 1 Ÿ   L >
!+ e d # & (
!#Q R'+ [ +
!+ B;L! a !p# >
, uL + B . b= kL i W
!+  O# b"%.#L [ + n + r8
p 2;X W B;#X  k! B; +

!+ u 2uU > , ¡ " q B;L! % = + .b #Q b 2U j , ¡ " B;L! % # 5 > a. 2X
. B & , > Bg Y` " 2 L i W 2 @A+ " b KL L A %#+ b #Q kL i W

3

uŸ ˜ O# > Mc > P + "l AW b "H k.#" i m M"c " 2 @A"+ " h ;! eH )*%+ , b n + 1
(c= > T+ i
1v r @A+ e H ( o 2 @ š + 2 L i W :KL v . 2 L i W " 2 @A+ " :KL
" u&> . oE K# r @ ¢8G eK#= (E"_ š i 2 L i ) 2 ".#+ 2 L i W šQa1 . 2 @A+ ˆ #L 5
2u W 2 @ " 2 q+ .. { o W h
!+ v X K; : x 6L+ eH € ‘ T+ y"= 2!L"!+ , " 2 W 2 @A+
…" o !S+ 2 @ " "Œ A#+ 2 @ " " oi + 2 @ " " 2 K#3 2 @ " eK#= T+ y"= 21 W , " 2 + Š
2 @ " " oi q+ 2 @ " "k.%S+ £ c+ 2 @ " x A#= T+ y"= i S#+ , " 2 |i #+ 2 W 2 @ " 2q+ q+ . …
. … .." 2 H p+ 2 @ " "2+ + x8*Kl
." 2u A A + C2 uL i " 'g'A F*% a1 - %S#+ 2" 2 L i W x . = = \ G v 
u u . uf g oi q"+ @A 1 L" 1 ( s #Q x :"H oi q+ nAc kL i œ e
– A +
oi q"+ 2 H l W 7 @+ b 1 1 #= > ”"V# nK#œ , 2 #w> oi q+ b i ( R
1 £ 2 i q+ b=YL
" \ i " " r u @A+ " e oE K# 2H Kœ 2AK# 2 A A "+ r\ X " 2 > y"= e
= – . #Q> Ž x K
G8G o W b ' .2 i q+ 2Qi KW x8 A + ;H … ...2 #w> , 2 i = #
+ , oi q+ , 2+ + ,
"2 A + #L+ C2 A A "+ C2 L i W " 'tA ;† . + #Q B". 2` c ƒ A+ 5 h .= 2 L i W F a% .= a H
" šuQ :u"H ;X ¤ + #Q  " 2
L= #+ " BQ ; "H -"U T+ k
L= = kL i W r ;#X eH E K##+
" \kw , 2 L i W e e
= – ;` T+ r @A+ e Yq + #Q o 1 e"H ¥ . " 2 A A "+ C2 L i W
\ uA 2 ‘ x8 kL i W + #Q ;H "r @ "  ;AH 1 e '+ x . . + #L 2 i
1 " 2 A + #L+
e 'u+ x u. .2 |i #+ ;1 ? , ; + i @A 2 L i W k;1 ¦ } > \ + o m o 2+ , 2 #w>
2%cH" F + #Q r D (% . oi} Y` k& 2+ %. Y` k;1 " 2 A A "+ C 2 L i K"+ " 2 A   1
uS= u h + x . 2 L i K"+ ” /  'tA ( 2 L i 2 @ \ + F/ (l A= " 78L` + H p+
" r @ £ eH – + \ § n , L i W ”
– " „ + #L+ KŠ " 2 + #Q o 1 'A . 2 L i K"+
.2 L i W ƒi W r > Œ , £ c"+ oYq 2!"#$ oE K# o # F  " 2 L i
[ u + eU + , L i W €"` ." 2 + Š 2 W " k& 2" w 2
1 2 X 2 %+ o + 2 @A+ ( +
eu &Y` Yq E#" – + 2Qi KW , 8
+ " 2 + Š 2 W " "%. B ~ L i B;L! }# 2
Eu K#+ a 1 š + bA
+ R
!+ ˆ #LW :"H a L i L >
+ a 1 '&
. 2 L i W r @A+
:"H 2 [ + eU + ,
( , R ‘ Cˆ AQ K C2Qi KW v y+ . 2Qi KW , kL i W ” W
eu§ ( ˆ'#/ " 2 L i 2 @ " h – '
& . B&Y` (%

L i W 2Qi ¨ „ . 2 + Š 2 W Y`

B; "H kL i W ¢ #+ ;%AW [ + P %p"+ x . e
D . \ q+ 2 c9 ©+ kL i ¢ = h
. kuL i W ˜ uKA+ Bf (K#
+ R G € c • ¢ = Bf M%c “ ª i #+ :"H B;L! :"H }c
Bf 2 c9 bc.A= > a H
1 aG = [ + P %p"+ v y+ . i l x & ( ! Y` h> Y` x bA
+
ˆ G €c e b= kL i W R
!+ ¢ #+ Bf ¥ \ q+ bc.A >   L R
1 ¢ = b= F + ,
. s ".= 2+ *Ÿ š + '& ( e o !#Q> 2 !
o} + .21 .q+ 21 W i c
¡ u x E ." 2 L i W 2 @A+ " b+ x . ˜ — :"H ƒ .+ kK"H Y` k Y` % x R :"H
e s #L / .2 + oi q+ 2 @A+  U s ’ ¢ *# ( b A R'+ kL i W ˜ KA+ / B;!"+
2 uL i W ƒi W e b / . o #W 2 L i W r> .W e b K / . 2 ".#+ 2 L i W r @A+

4

u& . Ri uq+ R
!+ \ .#+8+ 1 – b 1 / '
& "2 L i W " i 3 , x + . o W
. B;L! L i W “ h ( b S. & .b# ` i 3 nS. a ( !
{ ) 3 % e e
:u"H oi u 2 o + 2 > 2 .K [ + P %p+ 2
!+ o + - ./ 5 ¡
R'+ ) 3
. b"%.#L n + r8
p 2;X
.# > T+ 2 & %+ 2S L%+ 2 %+ .oi
A Y` 2
= B;W .r & %+ e “ .r ."SAW ‚L e
. o uœ 2 %= R'& . [ + n + "Y Z#+ " 2 @ eH )*% A ku& &i
:"H C- C i
;#X> P „ i 3 . b= i 3 x8 e k3  K €L
= ” ˆ AQ 2 ;A
+ . y+' ku&
-"SAW : A+ * 1 n + Y Z#+ 2 @ s h . ;#œ i m (
+ ...{b 8` - y"D (& . -"Z –
. n + Y Z= 2 @A+ 2G8q+ A + k& y"= . P "Q> 2 Z+
. % A& e
: ‰;AW 2"
p C2
£ uKœ up§ ¥ ."SA ; KL ;1 T+ ng + £ Kœ p§ > A "H K1 . ¡;Q M% v %
eH Aq v . q%H b" v
+ A" 1 + . "Q
#+ &i c# T+ ‚S9 £ Kœ p§ ¥ 2 `
#+ A 8
o W s'& C c A .bA ˆ X > K 1 Cˆ o C A= U i  > A  #! " n + Y Z= 2 @ "
u
= i . 2* * b# @ F > x  Rv 1 #= > k& . cA+ r Kl Y1 = (p!+ €A‘ :"H
\ u.# " nu + Y Z= 2 @ " 2"
p (3 a 1 š "1 . P "Q> , 2 Z+ , -"SAW , 2* * . 2* *
e§ . &Y` r '+ 2 @A+ y"= 5 2 @A+ y"= 5 A #& ” > 7 e A+ > .2 @ 2 2 @
 k& ‰;AW , 2+ . ( n .2 @A+ 2"
p ( (% ;" e > T+ " ‰;AW " 2"
p 2;X ,
A Y Z= P "Q 2 ` -"SA A+ / T+ 2+ .W eH Y% #"+ 2 @ 2K" Ce
D i . C AQ A > 2 @
. Y Z#+ " -SA " b= Y Z#+ A+ / T+ 2+ .W eH Y% #"+ ‰;A 2K"
!#

{e
¨ '& (;1 . sYZ e§ s & ? n +
. nS.A e > sY Z= eH ) R 1 Y Z#"+ ( Y` n + + .b=i S :!’ > ¦ x 6Q '&
uq bu 1 '& n . k& .b "Q b# ` Y Z#+ -"SA eH ) 3 Mc ‚.1 A;1 Y Z#"+ ¡ n +
nu + W [ + n + , Y Z= e
€ž Ÿ o + 2 + r #
+ , ¡& ‘ 2"tQ>
u
+ F*u + 2
1 šQ :"H Y Z#+ 5 H e B;A . Y Z#"+ ( & uW > h Y Z#"+ 8
[ +
> Y uZ#+ x . kZ%A 1 Yq ;"& O# T+ 5 v r & %+ < S , A . ˆ AQ K 8
*#L Y Z#+
Y` > ;. ./ :"H (K &  - ./ „ ( g ."= n + K; . T+ r> *#+ 2 # x % „
o + 2 L i W r #
+ , 8
& ‘ i > q b 1 '& n .  k& . A" = n + , ¢ 3 2 #
:u"H ;G ” # > n + , ¢ / T+ 2 g ."#+ r Y Z#+ 2 != bA kK#3 i S#+ eH ) 3
. B;"KH B« i ƒ A+ ;G > + ¢ *#+ F T+ r Y Z#+ B;"KH ƒ A+ o i

5

u au g ."= -.*#"+ ( FL + 21 l ;1 n + , bG § R'+ Y Z#+ K e
K;K1 x R :"H
nS. 2K" > e
= – + n "+ kg ."#+ i K#Q8+ nS k;1 . n + Y Z= 2 "K b A & '& . L > (KH
. (%.#LW , > -.*# > b 1 b..§ e
K; b ”p#
A& e . 2 % + Ž nS. oi G FKc+ Ž
 '& & A#AL+ :"H 2K" 5 AQ ¬i , o
!+ x *##+ ;A > E+ e 2@*" + n +
sYZA+ n + e % A . Y Z#+ › w S x a k.#" 2 3 , E+ cA + ‚ L%+ 7 p# > 'Ž .
u :u"H C (K + o ij (% C( A"KH A= i œ :"H ! #
> Y Z#+ '&
01 (%.#LW ,
h 2 K# š . (%.#LW 5 kl W e ;# , 2S%A n + ;A
# T+ & @+ \ wv F
bu x u. A R £ S#Q W b= n -!#= T+ 7 @+ , K# x #w8+ 8
F }
+ e
– . >
£ S#Q W 2 K# š .+ b# , l \kw ( e
– + . 8
1 b" p P .q+ e H ( p Q
R'+ H W , b "H +­ b1 ? n 2.!#W b= Ac KKc K.+ MSQ :"H x ­+ ƒ A+
2 K# š . (%.#LW 5 kl W e ;# , & @+ \ wv › %
'
& . … ... s
h u;!W y+ . K# sY Z#+ %%Q x . > n + Y Z= "
j " U w x . . n + Y Z= "
j " + U w
ƒ A+ i \ Q K# n + YZ= " 2 }Š " e H F + K %#+ 2 K#3 b c+ Œ %+ x ® R'+ ‰!+
e q AK" = > & @+ \ w> 2 ‚%= T+ š A+ .+ 2 K# . "K – – h "KH
"K e '+ 8!+ b1 & ." ' ¢ ® > ... ' ¢ ® – " " ' ¢ ... ' ¢ " b
> £iE+ r £iE+ r iv F!X iv F!X B;Hi E 5 ;A+ e \ W 1 – B . +
– " " B& u@#A R'u+ (%.#LW ƒ A+ i c# + 2 > 2 K#3 s'& . … ... H X c® – t w c®
n. > 8
1 (%.#LW 'u& n. . R'+ (%.#LW ..* + ;# + 1 › w YZ + sY Z= , " #
R 6u= 2u K# 2 8H X b B;W . š A+ .+ y"= 2 K# B; # B;"KH :"H ” # ‡ '1
ª i = W . 8
tl K; t w n + e YZ v e
D > x " W 2" + ‚ = 2O #A+ 5 €%L+
7 up# 2" c > FL + 2 K" + r  _> ( K B; Y Z= , ƒ A+ d _ ª i = & b"   L > h .#+
( 81 ;# K# B "L#+ :"H Kg V#Q & @+ \ w> 2 ‚%= T+ š A+ .+ h V#Q
;1 ¦ #+ . ; > 7 – h š A+ .+ y"= ( A1 H \ Q K# b# B
/ . ‚%A \kw
0u1 .. sYZ n S#L n + 2 ‚%= T+ š A+ .+ 2 K# h #§ 7 i . . Y Z#"+ (
. ¯ ZA1 (K A1 A1 7 “  ;X x'% ( nX # > sYZ ” 21 eH EOH
B; Y Z#+ 2 g pH ;X +'% L1 ;# K# #® > e '+ š A+ .+ y"= 1 > e '+
> t uw nu + e YZ > a g ."= n + b + R 6 R'+ YcK"+ h8L#Q> . B&i .+ K"L#L
u 2 Z+ -.*#= R . € c=  ° 8 B;W e . € ’ € c= 2 g p + Y Z#+ r> m
2.!# r> ± ˆ ²a= 2 g p + r> ± e H e b v y+ . F../ W F../ ” 7
Gv „ = > 21 c+ . " 21 " Gv -.*# 1 & @+ \ wv 2 ‚%= T+ š A+ e .+ n
”u = u F../ G6K"+ 2 K#3 2O #A+ „ = . a ³ š
+ „ = ( ;A \ Aq#Q 2 K#*"+ 2!+ VW -./
: n + Y Z=
j & e B" # ;A .2 K#*"+ a= 21 c+
= '
& . F../ ” ƒ A+ 21 :"H

6

:u"H u! # > ;# K# . u& @+ \ wv 2 ‚%= T+ š A+ .+ X u& x v v
u+ “ ; Z" n S#L >  2 H l ;# K# . ;1 – h & A1 H \ Q " H l " o X  .. A#1
. q > ; V#Q ;1 p# :"H oi c. A#K;
= A& e . i
R'u+ - S+ Y` eH -./ s A Œ _ AH n + Y Z= :"H A=i . , £ VA > &   q+ v
A 2 e A+ ”p
21 c ²a cA+ . b # > ) 21 c ²a cA+ e i'§ ” B" # R . s i
. -./ h cA+ eH
A
2uXi 5 2Ol . 7 b. .*#+ 2Ol F 2 H l W 7 @+ ˆ 2 e A+ ”p

. b # > ) -./
Y uZ= , i c# M%c 21 c ²a cA+ 2 e F"! & @+ \ wv 5 2 H l W o @A+ hE#" AH
A=i u. ;# + 1 › w n + 2 ‚%= T+ š A+ .+ AK"H ˆ :"H ! # 5 n +
. K# A..3 s AQi '& ( A1 H + . * * V#Q ; V#Q :"H
: L > 2"
p C3
21 W i c > ‡ A& .. { B; Y Z= , ƒ A+ Œ (p! K"1 * * C % K 1 – 'u& (
š A+ .+ y"= 7 p# r> m nK1 . & @+ \ w> ( 2 ‚%= T+ š A+ .+
u.+ euH ”p kK" + )*%+ h .= n b"Zp= x E= iv :"H X 'A L > F"Zw
'& 2  . 7 = – š . o H x E= 2 %S+ > 2 %S+ AH e Yq
+ " 2 H A+ " š A+
uKA '
& . (% e b!p# h ( , M*c b 2 q+ b#  .. > ;œ X h ( ”p#
B" +
sY Z= ¨ Yq x E o H r> œ , ³ K h ( n + Y Z= h + ƒ A+ Œ n S#L
\ w> 2 › % h BHE"+ 2O F 6W kgEŠ i c.+ '& e ƒ A+ Œ 'V# . B«i . x A# eH
2uO ku& . kuK# X + , \kw> b " *# > " – + + . . 2 K# š . & @+
. .+ 2 l Y` b#
= b# 7 > :"H 2Kg v 2
. kH K#X> n + Y Z= ; S T+ 2 Q Q> 2"
pW G ‡ A& Y`
bu a r Ag
+ e sY` eH E K# L > L > & E KW & cAH . p e o & ? ;A
+ . o & ? A& n + 1
:"H i # :"H Y Z#+ o i :"H (%.#LW i c= :"H n + ‡ i :"H b 2 oi . b+ . k eg
up%+ £  2+ m %= (K + :"H oi .W \ '+ p%+ e ( ¯ != n . i # i - .*#+ (K +
Yqu
+ (%. A& e . L > o i 2 n 2.!# Y` “ ƒ .+ (%.#LW 5 kl W e B;# ,
, S%uA L >
"%. > B;A
+ 2 W & @+ \ w> 2 B
/ T+ š A+ .+ 2 K#
, yw > . i # > , ƒ A+ 2 i « T+ " 2 }Š " e H '& }# 2 K# š . b#
2 O#+ b= %G e
D 2@ 8W F G . b 1 yw> i # > :"H L > oi .K1 . 2 Š e i :"H  #H '&
. bA n # & W 1i n + , ƒ A+ ;G ® T+ 21 l> y"= & Y Z#+ A1 H ˆ 2 e . i %# >
> eu
¨ Yu` '& .
€ž eg & i # > :"H oi .W  #! b= kH K#X> n + Y Z#1
\ uw> u
= u& Y uZ#+ › w S x e s A" M + “*1 . " " L e [ ž ( #

7

\ w> '& 5 21 l> M + 2 K# š . (%.#LW 5 kl W e ;# , 2S%A & @+
Y uZ= , 2uK t w „ e+ '& ( 01 2 K#3 š A+ .+ y"# 8 1 ;# 2S%A & @+
. 2u K# š u u. b# , › % 8+ ( Y` L > – ( .W – M kH K#X> n +
uK . bG * Q R'+ Y Z#+ K & sYZ “ > h n + YZ Q 21 – 'tA – ( *#L=
. ƒ A+ b" ! s n # n S#L > b v :"H n + Y Z# -q L R :"H ( *#L
¦ u#+ 21 K"+ ( Y`
kH K#X> Y Z#+ (%.#L 01 p ƒ e & nK#œ R nK#~ W
:"H \ p ( ! L (
+ ‡ # > :.% > .b "Q b# ` b."SA : n + Y Z= 2 @ 21 ( *#L=
. sY Z= r> m eH kH K#X> n + YZ# ” 21 W 2K . + r> ± eH ”
kg ."#+ Yc (%.
r i'+ x e X + '& ( + K b % . F1 « e b "H R SA k!’ >  #H> 2 X Y`
aS%A '& ( ...r ~ ƒ Kp+ €
+ 5 \ KL+ 5 i> 5 3 5 r %A+ 5 KŠ 5
\ Aq#uQ " L " :KLW eg
+ '& ²a ¥ ;#1 e
³ 21 x %#= > š 2 K# . b# ,
2+> FS.L+ . h @A+ B
m , + " R l !+ " & L > + K .b" X + 2 e w
." 2u #
+> " x . + \ !+ cH “ 5 v o %+ 'A 2 p%+ ª i = b"qD R'+ kH K#X> h .#+ U
21 ul — 2 "KH bA ( ž kH K#X> Y Z#+ s ‘ ® " " a 2‹ 5 C ( v :"H CYp U> '&
> 2u K# C š u . › % > eH L > Aq#L  #H> '& "%. e '+ n + . o K#L
B . .+ 2 l Y` b#
= b# 7 > : 2tU 9 2+ .W y"= 5 o + ˆ Q at w " !
5 '& . 2K 2 e kH K#X> n + Y Z= eH b + . ( ž B . 2 ` '& e q u& " !
Y& uKŠ 2t% = 5 o H + , & 1 i £ L ¥ £ L# 2 K#3 Œ1 = ) . • bX 2 + r #
+ , s %# >
C)u%H Ce
D ” .2q H %= A& o H + . ¡q " 2 + o + " (X e oi q+ :"H ; /
š u+ Coi q+ u + C ;. ./ 2 %+ 'A i A & § 2 H K#X 2 ` (X e oi q+ :"H ƒ A+  §
2u K#3 2u" Y` i %Š   L j (K + y+ oi q+ “ F … cA+ A = ƒ Q R :"H . a K#
> S#L > B& . ;#  # S#L > « H h o Z o U $ %= A& oi q+ ..{ cA+
 O# Yq ( . 2 ;A+ n = f (!
= 2 K# š . › % 8+ 2 %+ 'A 2" 2 L > «YL F
, B "uL#+ nu kH K#X> Y Z#+ :"H i > v . YS -+­ 5 b * a k;#A + kg H + )% + v
;#1 e
³ 21 2 H l š . › % 8+ 2" Y` i # > , L > 2 a b= F +
eu 7 9 2;X , . b "H c b * s R'+ Y Z#+ - U :"H 2 Q Q 2%.H " ƒ A+ 2 " ( ®
. Bf Y# Y` B;L! v i #| > “ ƒ A+ 2 ‚%l 2 ! & o .+ B&
o .+ i # Y` ƒ A+ i #|
– " 2 @A+ " k& y"= . kL + %+ ;.+ B
 2 E"W 2 l + .+ h .= oi
AW 2 H l W .+ e >
 d S > " 2 K#3 " eH ¢ *# AH A 7 ;A . 2 i = #
+ %#Q> \ i 2A
+ r @A+ ˆ
2"
up (u e > b . o 3 š³ T+ .+ S e o ´ ( o 3 n eH o o œ 2
1
. 2 @A+ 2"
p ( (% ‰;AW
h u@ eH  w L >
"%. > . L > – H , " 2 K# 8+ " 1 a e Yq 1 x R (
bu# , aS%uA u
e b+ > b"Kp R'+ X + ,  eg Ra b .b

+
u
% F 'A e
!W \ K" + ;X F;‘ A& e . 21 K"+ 2" k;1 21 e
= – š .

8

" ‰& uA " ; KL A i T+ r @A+ e oY% 2H Kœ eH B& ;X r !Q . .+ y"= 7 p# 2+ m 5
. r K#~ & @+ \ wv 2 " -SA " r K#~ & @+ \ w> 2 , r @  :"H 2+> "+
( b R #« R'+ ‰;AW aS 2* :"H Y% 5 ! # nK#œ R n , Y Z= 2+ m 2 (p1 d _ M%
bu+'% u :"H ” # 1 k %+ . 2 L > r K#~ , n + Y Z= ;#1 aS 2* :"H R 2+ m
. B; K#œ , n + Y Z= , o :"H 2+ m ( P *
: ‰& AW = C4
Yup — . 2ccV#W &i c , šK#"= 21 y"#1 Y Z#+ ‰& A e b1 (  AL+
x . [ + n + Y Z= 2 @ 7 – :LA > “ – b# ` . b# ` 5 ) 3 'Ž x "+ ;A AK; 5
nu . u Bu;K« 2"
p ( , ƒ A+ r ;#X = i . o # . o #  7 ‰& AW e AK;
. 2 K"H Y` ‰& A 2 K"H ‰& A 5 BL.A= & =
2u H K#X> o & @+ 2% - U eH Ž * ; + ( R kK"H ) 2" c F T+ k;1 2 K" + ‰& AW
Y` ‰& AW . 2"G K#W 7 @+ , o o H :"H & U e 2 3 y"= •8V#Q ;# i
2u" Yu` o 5 2 H K#X> & @+ 2 AL= k;1 o & @+ r , kK"H ) 2"cm e
= – T+ k;1 2 K" +
. i %# > 2 O#+ - U eH 21 K"+
8

> aS9 2*c+ e ;A ( € c 2@ 8 n . M * Y` * * kK" + ‰;AW
¥
u . 2 3 e q eK# ‰;AW . b" aS b" * * ‰;AW
hE" > b 4 Ÿ .
eu i P c+ e • i ‰;A ( eK# €+ Z+ .  , < c > , 7 p# > < c
:"H 2 K" + 21 W KA si Ga# R'+ b + ˆ R'+ kK" + )*%+ 2*c+ %= ‰;A 5 ‰;A e = !# aS9
kuK" + )u*%+ h u.# 5 2" U AQ 2* *  :"H o a ‰;AW , 2 @ (@= .   L > ˆ #LW
‰;AW n ; . 2Qi KW , ‰;AW ; + R 6 T+ ‰g #A+ < & 2 ;A+ , y± .2tU o  ”p#
1
‰;uAW s K n #W n 2.!# 2Qi KW 2" c r\ X 1 . 2 @A+ 2*c+ K#L i %# ku& 2Qi KW .b=
R'u+ ‰;AW n #W eH gEX " 2!"#$ 2Qi KW 2" c r\ X . ‰;AW M ¡ + s'V# R'+
„ > bA
+ . b* *c#+ kK" + )*%+ e E 5 2X 2‹ „ '& . gEX " M * Y` 8
+ s '’
b%A '& x . . * *
kK" + )*%+ b + R 6 ( š + '` . K"H O;A š + b – bX R :"H –
2u K" + \ S > x K
#Q M *c= ª i = – b= F + , – & R'+ kK" + h .#+ ª i = kZ" > “ o . b +
AL! c > b"%. M *c+ i .+ eH o
1 ( , µ#! “ . kK" + )*%+ e E - U eH 21 W i c
. bu%&'W ( s
#® = A; i w " 2 K" + " " B" + " 2K" ( § > “ . aS9 e i ; 1 v ;AH
b v y+ . ˆ 2 e aS9 2 p b "H A=i . (p > 2 e kK" + )*%+ , M L#+ B" # “
uW €c # . P "Q> '& - U eH b#1 5 ƒ A+ ;#X (c 21 W P "Q ‚"¶ aS9 e
h E#+> e P  . 2* * k;1 2 K"H i
1 F : " R Z%%+ " #+ 5 b#* i %# e P ;A1 7
  L > ¢ #+ , š + a 2 K" + 2 @A+ y"= 2 & W " 2 K" + 2 @A+ " 5 2 9 i
1 €LAA1 ±
u . v o o S B" + h .= W ! '& '’ ª i #+ , \ K" + ( + . o 2 K"H 2 @ >

9

h u.#+ € i B;# t w X W A! , KŠ ! h + s '’ + . 5 v o %+ 2 "& X , €c #+
€c #+ B;! – e '+ \ i );" KŠ e F"! AH A "H
+ . kK"H Y` € i b a s\ i A # R'+
. b r 1 – 'tA – BŽ < *"+
Yq . .%L1
. b* *uc= ; 1 aS9 7 p# :"H Kg e i
„ ( i
1 2* , Kg yp „ > '&
r @ e B . YZ#= > o + k;1 i
1 > YZ# \kw ( e@A1 B" + BQ ¦ !S+ Œ A#+ , n. 81
. Yq &Y` ;A Œ eH k" K 1 ¢ *#AQ . > &i c ƒ A+ ”p#
– r Q 2 K"H
Y uZ= x i ) ( , # ;AH ) 3 x E . 2 p%+ ª i = , G ;.KH F ;A o %
. 2 + } "+ k& y"= . b= @ kH K#X> n +

10

C2C
¦ } "+ ‰;AW
: 2 + } "+ C5
: 2K" Ž F ‰;AK ; ;! Ca ³ C R 6= 2 H 2K" 7 > . o H €& ' ‰;A 2!L"1 2 + } "+
[ u + n + Y Z= 2 @ x ) e i K 1 Yq ;1 c T+ 2 8 + y"# k.#" 2 + } "+ , . 2 g ."#+
u.+ 2u1 K ‰;AW [ + n + b 1 Ÿ X "+ B;! 2!L"!+ 2S + Ž „ . 2 + oi q+ 2 @
o uH G u*#W ; A T+ 2S + y"= . b "Q b# ` Y Z#+ -"SAW *# 2 @A+ n + y+ Y Z#+ 2A
. " 2"
# " 2 @ 2 + oi q"+
= oi l eH K"
# AH
. ‰;AK 2 + } "+ e AK; 7 k!

uL > 2u " h uH 2 " k& kH K#X> n + Y Z= u; S T+ 2 Q Qv 2"
pW (3 o .1 ) A1 H
2"
upW i c . ;#1 e
³ 21 2 K# š . (%.#LW 5 kl W e b# , › % 8+
uL > 2 2 " h H A" .2 L > o i> 2 2 K# . › % > '& Œ A= e % &
: n + Y Z= 2 @ 21 ( *#L= ¦ #+ 21 K"+ ( Y` kH K#X> Y Z#+ (%.#L
5 R 6 › % 8+
. b "Q b# ` b."SA
. 2"
pW s'f 8
2 + } "+ F
n uL+ upH ƒ L+ .+ , 2 %S+ š e Yq eH F!p T+ 2 K" + oi q+ + (3
e= < *Q Ž h T+ 2 G E !+ 2 l + 7 p
+ i %#H e
D . i , 2 H Ac+ oi q"+ 2 . F pH
ˆ Ÿ o
%W oY1 + 21 W y"= r .1 .2 ;A+ “ ; U ¡ (@ Q ¦ } "+
!"+ 2 K"H o H r '+
u.+ 2 ul 2u H K#X> & @+ 2
= , yp+ \  5 B
m h @ 2S%A 2 e
+ ,
. B u  , au` % 2 p%+ \ A q e 2H b#+ y+ . .+ y"= 7 p# > a e
– . ;K
/
u (u C + u K 1 !p# 1 ." bA
+ kH K#X L > " k& a 2 2S L 2+ . e g #%
.bu= F + , 2 L > o i> 2 kH K#X> YZ#+ 2 K# -1 R'+ r K#~ 2 Cb#. S
. 2u . `> 2!L"!+ , i 'X r C2 i v i
1v (
Co
1 k %S+ .+ . " k %S+ .+ " s †
u u b „ 81 " k %U b " .kK# & . 5 2 + } "+ R
! R :"H F+ / ;A
+
YZ#u"+ ‰;uAK .+ '& K . L > o i :"H ” #= > 2 g ."= 2 + 1 b „ — 2 W 2 %S+
u1 ( (KH x8 e K# -.*#= (
nK#~ 2*"c " : 2" " r K" , E bc V"= e
K 1 kH K#X>
) nK#~ ”
& kH K#X> · c+ - ./ :"H - U (1 '& :"H %=i . " 2 9 b#*"c - ./ :"H b 1
ku& " 2 %S+ " ;#! ? , 2+ + :.%= n + Y Z#+ 2 !+ r> ± , ( #+ eH ( 2+ + , 8

k" u+ e v kXi 9 e v nK#~ , ƒ A"+ 1 = a y+ b# + 1 - #+ 2+ m 2 e k %S+ .+ 2Q
. o 3 B« i0 ƒ A+ b + (c '!A=

11

e u
!W nuW &\ i . q x8 2 c i
1> q « Q . 2K
m %= F 2S L r K"
ku& ( … .. š#+ u i
i ) † h  F h & Q i b= X ‡ + Y#+ 1 ) \ K" + q %+
, o u 3 bX rY` . e p + .+ 7i p 5 :SQ + .+ r K"? e i v F".  2 i G r K"
. 2u 8 r K" k& . ª i #+ e 2%.3 y"= x8 2 3 (X e ˆ}
+ r i q+ (
+ m F b" – +
, £ uK#X> , u.+ , uc# > , B
3 , 2+ + , r @A+ e Yq
+ R
!+ ƒ Q> F .1
.. b= k* LW e + , o X €& ' F.q% ;A ( . … .. <8 > , e!+ , P v
; 1 aS9 ”p#
+ E+ e 5 kK" + )*%+ ˜ # 1 . .A+ :"H 2 cH %= 2¯K"L F ”c (%
R u
!+ ƒ Qv ˆ Q š + ¦ } "+ ‰;AW v y+ . aS9 'f d 1 R e‹ e p%+ n1 B b ”p#

”p :"H ƒ Qv , %cA ¢  r Q i e #w> b €"` . ¦ † + €&'W b "H h R'+
'& , B; ® . bQ Q :"H 2Kg .+ r @A+ e q o x A= + “ ‰;AW y+ , kK" + aS9
eu (u
nK#~ 2*"c -.® , ¦ † + h @A+ (p1 e pH nQ #+ .+ , i r K#œ n e s LW
R 6 2L1 AW 2 :"H k. o 3 2L1 AW .1 . 2 9 2 !+ b3 c - ./ b 1 1 ( 2+ m x8
(u ‡ = :"H n + e 8
+ ¦ † + nK#~ , ƒ A+ 2 %"` 2 = R'+ kH K#X> ƒ6%+ h . i
# > 5
. \ p " ! S#L > ƒ A+ e Yq 5 R 6 \ p ( !
B u@A#+ eu u EŸ b* *c= e
D bX :"H 2Qi KW 5 aS9 2%LA ‡ B; eH £ 1 + + } "+ 2+ m n
eu u EŸ b* *c= e
D bX :"H 2 + † + 2 @A+ , aS9 7 p# #w> + Œ 2+ m ¦ † +
, auS9 7 p# + ® Cš i xi B;A e  R c# > › pA+ , [ .A+ k
3 ( #+
"Q '& , š i xi n%= .b= ¦ } "+ ‰;AW aS 5 ;%# 1 . 2 @A+ e 2Qi KW e -KH r #L
2 + } "+ bA r '+ .%U (%.#LW , si S= n%#= b= 8H ( "/ 2+ m & K ¦ † + h @A+ 2Q i & '1
nuK#~ , 2. uL+ 2 %"`v ‘ 5 + † + :"H ” = K# 2 ;A+ , R 6 Q h @ b F%q +
, · ucW (u
( + u† + ) ƒ A+ e 2" i qt#Q ;3 c e ( K# 2 + † + & !#Q T+ 2.%S+ i # + }+ )
(u "/ x8u e y+ b.SA 2 ` 5 b x + - U eH ¦ } "+ ‰;AW aS ”p š i x R . nK#~
ƒ i " b # £ l & X & '& ( ‰;AW b # P'
#Q 2Qi KW ” 'Ž F%q + ¦ † + h @A+
b # š i €#
(% rap F T+ " Kg p#W 2Qi " e > š i xi e
– . " x W
h @A+ (%.#L e " h¬ p#+ " 5 :;# C8
q – ¦ † + R c# > š#+ b"% eK1 . E K# bA
+ .
u.1 š i . b" h @A+ 2"
p
L+ 2"
p , – bA
+ ¦ } + ‰;AŸ
L+ 2 @ ƒi & ¦ † +
2!uL"1 2 + } "+ 5 o'1 2A U y+' bX 1 r K#~ :"H ƒ A+ :"H h6w (%.#LŸ b" ¦ † + h @A+ :"H B

. 2 @ O;A
ym – 2Qi KW 1 bG  , B;A ( b R'+ - 1 #+ ˆ eH @A+ 7 c . Yq š#+ š i Y`
, 2+ + ( = oi l F pH nQ #+ .+ k;#A (%.1 . 2 + } "+ aS F#%G )%"= – – r @A+ i %#
E . 2 + } "+ R
! €"` e 2 + † + r K#~ ( , 2¯K"L k %S+ .+ M *c#+ R !+ › pA+
" P Eu k;#A= r F;# “ F"*Kl . x œ 5 x œ e #D h ( #+ '& < S
ul ku %S+ .+ 2 "H !+ 2 Y& 2Q ;L! e B .= F " 2 + "
= r T+ " i v
2+ + ( = ˆ x 2 + } "+ R
! + † + 78 e – h + –
K; . 2+ + ( =

12

u
! x u® '& . M%c > b# K# .+ .! AH . ;# K# r .1 2 + } "+ 01 b+ œ
: e h k %S+ .+ b# K# P¸' ¦ † + n + a B;K"H nK1 . b 1 2p AW – – 2 + † +
u ¦ † + h @A+ 2 „ & bQ Q :"H F T+ 2 + † + 2 @A+ ¦ } "+ ‰;AW aS¤ 7 #H>
i u# 1 . R
!+ ;Q Q ‚.Q n + , 2Kg 2 + † + (@#+ 2 H K#X> 2 3 :"H 2 K#3 i

1i . ƒ A+ w B& 2 + † +
! M% . Y Z#+ d i e 2 + † "+ 2 ] B;3 c :"H ? ! 2 q+
. … ... 2 l + 2
= #Q> 2 K# 8+ : 2" %+ r @A"+ kQ Qv i cW B& . 2 K#3 2 @A+
, P v , £ uK#X> , u.+ , B
3 , 2+ + , r @A+ ( 2 + † + 2 @A+ b" '& ˆ 6
‰;uAW b H 2Qi KW F ' AH R
!+ ;Q Q r .1 ¦ } "+ ‰;AW ƒ Q :"H F T+ … ... e!+
:u"H h ( 2 + } "+ x  cH bA
+ B; eH + } "+ b 1 n1 cH , A x . AA
D . b =
. kH K#X> n + Y Z= ‰;A 2"
p h A l 1 X e A H b= '& Y` . r @ e ;Q Q
: ¦ } "+ ‰;AW i c C6
. gEX > 2"
pW F" (% e e
= – 2 + } "+ n +
2u › % e kH K#X> n + Y Z= B;1 , F."S AH M *c+ (3 § 2 Q Q o S F .= F
:u"H 2l !W .+ k& sY Z= x ® Y Z#"+ ( B; 'Ž ƒ A+ FK"H . 2 K# . L >
"i *#+ " B;#K"H . n + YZ# “ .+ y"= KS® B; "H . b# ‚%= T+ 2 %S+ .+ 2 + 1
B« uQ :u"H ƒ uA+ K# + 1 ‰;AW e M *c+ € Š '& . kH K#X> n + Y Z=
j h>
2 H K#X> 2 c# > 2 H S > r 8 + ED £ S > \ \8%A+ ‡ "W r  # 2L A
+ 2 S.L
. " D bH (K bH " : 2 + } "+ i w F/ " \ p ( ! " > m B;A ( -"SA ¥ 2 .+
. R p%+ h .#"+ K @H %L y+
Y% = . .+ y"= 2 & ”p#
= – b# ‚%= 2 K# kH K#X> n "+ F!p# T+ 2 + } "+ Y`
F W . 21 Y` ;A
+ 2 l FL + 2 H l 2‹ :"H b= ' x " k %S+ .+ "
yu"= , B
*#+ - U eH b V#Q
j 2 > ( ' ¢ … ' ¢ ) b# + 1 › w .+ 21
B;u#K"H . YZ#u= & #1 B« K#œ YZ ” 2 + } "+ e 1 – ƒ A+ 01 kH K#X> n + Y Z#+ › p+
Y Z#+ u B;uL! "Zup > B;u#K" 1 r  ( . 2 3 " ! B;K" = – ;A
+ i *# ” 2 + } "+
5 R !+ › pA+ bO#=  ;# 8 . 2 3 5 ;#%L 2 . E 1 # " 2 g `" :"H >
= s + ® kH K#X>
; V#uL 2 ‚ l .+ v . ¦ } "+
!+ , ˆ}
+ o Zq+ k& y"= . K# nK#~ 2*"c - ./
eg u
+ u& L > . ;. .*#+ L > h V#L= 2 Z 2 H o .+ FL + 2 ` - .*#+ kH + L >
u
= ku
+ 2 %"uQ ”u B« K#œ h .= e + } "+ ”. + 1 i c.+ '& .+ . + k '+
i up+ kH uK#X> x W " YZ#= ;H " : i w F/ kg ."#+ &YcW 2 # 2" ˆ 2 + } "+ , r K#~
2u+ m " h u " ( b#1 ¦ } "+ ‰;AW x ‡ '1 { 5 YZ#= . " (K bH " : 2 !+ 2 3
! > 2 H K#X " 2 }X " (q³ x E= " 2 + } "+ " F 'Ž . nK#~ · ,
Q b a# !#
b#1
. b# %S – f .%U – L > e B` + " 2 %U " v ;A

13

euH ' t w eK# Y` L > 2 + ! q 21 AK# kH K#X> Y Z#+ 2"
pW ¦ } "+ (3 '
&
/ , [ ž G – ¦ } "+
!+ , – nK#OK"+
8
g ‰;AW , i c.+ '& (@ Q . nK#~ 2 + 1
" (@#Q K . 2 1 r @ 2 + } "+ Y Z#+ r @ ( (@#Q . kH K#X> Y Z#+ € + Q r ` r ."SA
. 2 + } "+ 2 A&'+ :"H 2* * 2+> r " 2 !+
. 2 + } "+ (? , F³ T+ 2 H K#X> r YZ#+ ( :"H – %"Q ž – b" '& š

B&\ † kc® – B;#" e C ª i #+
e ZW o % + + 1> r H Kœ FH S#Q ;"? k!1
uH Q 2 H Ac+ oi q+ ..® B" + 2 %S+ ;. – + !p#
H S#Q
nu . p%+ e f c > H '& ( %Q ,
";#L ( o W 2 i v oi 3 ) R W \ + oi 
u B&\ † kc® ª i #+
2" B& b * v " 2 2
" " (? \ + y+ ( 01 '&
:SQ + .+ 2 %H e (1 FL + 2 %H .1 :"H .1 B&Y` 5 2%LA+ ( . B&Y` bA !#L
(% 5 ( c# > , ¦ } "+ h @A+ ) 2 + † + (? , h .#+ i ‹ e 2 m ( P p+ ) r K#~ F . .
nu "+ u ž c# %1 kH K#X> Y Z#+ 2 g ."= :"H x
=> aS ƒ A+ ”p# 5 R . 8
" q
: b= kH K#X> Y Z#+ ‰;A & t w YZ + sY Z= s Y` x . sY Z= + m ¦ † +
eu i *#+ '
& . " k %S+ .+ " 2 + 1 B
 K# -.*##Q B;3 c e 2 + } "+ B;#K"H Œ1i
n R Y Z= ( %Q , 5 v o S9
Q . 2 + † + r K#~ , n + Y Z= ( %Q , o S x 2 + } "+ aS
. YZ= > Y Z= . kH K#X
( , – %"Q ž – 2 + } "+ r G .+ ( . 2 c# > o 3 :"H i c. G ¦ } "+ ‰;AW i c e
–
 ¥ . 2 V"+ e
+ h .#+ : o ( , ;# 8H . 2 A!+ 2 > 2 H K#X> 2 Q L+ o 3 k
. 2 .+ : Ž „ [ + eU + , AK« T+ .+ B& e o , – %"Q ž – r G
" r u 2u .+ r 3 2 + † + " 2 " 2" r  2 .+ eH 2 v eH €#
K 1 ˜i + eK1
i n . [ i v
!+ eH r> 3 €"` , 8
. i , 2 .+ r 3 ª i = & @ ' " 2  X
B` + u iv B v ˜ — 2 i v B v
= “ B v b 1 r X R'+ iv e +
W k& FL +
2u .+ u 2+ + € p+ 2 v \kU 9 ‚"9 \k" 2 .+ eH [ i v
!+ b €"` e
. 2 .+ B;1 , \ S > y"= r\ X e e 7 & – A& – AK; > … 2 .+ 2 3
B; "H  ! & ( e i *# i , ƒ A+ FK"H F 2 + } "+ k& 2U L% 2+aLW
› upA+ u , u" 1 y+' .21 W Y` 2 %S+ ;# ` 5 R ‘ i > # ¥ k %U & ( 5
" ku %S+ " b K#œ B;A ( ”p# 2 %S+ 5 o + %1 . k .+ › pA+ , " 1 y+' R c# >
'u& e 7 H . ;1 1 o X F ( & X – b „ 'u& " b# " ( ”p# . b + kK#A R'+
" 2u %U " 2+ ;A > B . + b "H 2l !W 2 Q L+ r
+ e i *# i K"1 . 2 .+ 7 1 ; + bg K#
O;uA 2 + } "+ F
1 k %S+ nK#~ n eU + p%+ : ; cAH , -!#= T+ 2+ + k&2 .+ 2+ + X
. 2 .+ o + F.. i , £ S > r i FS.Q T+ 2 .+ r 3 \ pA+ 1 3
u
!+ n + .b1 e 7 k %U kH K#X X C2 + } "+ , C2 v 1 . 3 '& AH v ” ... ¥
C 2u + } "+ , C 2u .+ .2 v ” = ” = x 18 ! = a! => š + b" ¦ } "+ k .+

14

. bu "H ¹ ! > > \kp E#+ eK# > \ K# œ v 2 %"Q 2 ¡H ;A
+ . o + 2 v \ A 2 %U 2 8H
. q > 2 .+ o + (X e 2gEO#+ l r > Π, Ri G kQ Q R
1 x  2 .+ r 3
r 3 eH 2 .+ eH 2 v eH “ pH n L+ .+ 'A ri T+ 2 + } "+ r #
+ ( (@#Q
b!uc= (2u v ) k .+ X + 7 # = k;1 . %"Q ž ¦ } "+ n S+ 2H %S 2 .+ o + eH 2 .+
up= ku& .
Q 7 #+ sYc n #= X W 7 #+ b|i = , )*%= b= E ¨ =
H = k& . k .+ X + eH aH 1 « :"H \ . > YZ a E#+ 2 .+ , 7 = uf €c #= 2 .+
. (%.#LW 2"c+ £ S. n "+ kQ Q L‘ œ « H , o + e
+ 2 .+ o + 5
e
+ K r Yu` 2 .+ o + 2 %"Q 2S i 2 .+ B .H X 2 v „ > '&
Bu;¨ u + } "+ B;1 '
& .2 + } "+ ‰;A 21 W , A" + o + 2 .+ 2 v B;! '
& „
L > 2 + ! q 21 eK# kH K#X> Y Z#+ 2"
pW ¦ } "+ (3 " v 2 .+ B« Qi B«
. " nK#~ 2 + 1 eH ' at w eK# >
£ c+ x8 > B;!= – ¦ #+ ƒi = – 2 i > r #
+ ; KL= K " 2 .+ 2+aLW " '& G e
> 2u ;#A 2+auL r}u#H ¥ . 2 .+ f F “ 2 .+ r 3 ;# Z#Q T+ o #!"+ o + (X e
eH h + “ + } "+ s ” L! '& . 3 x £ E i G > ;K;1 x ® > ;Qi
2+auLW " = AH '& G ˆ AQ . 2G8G 'A 2 + } "+
! 2!Q81 b+ r & 2 .+ eH 2 v
. e p + .+ n"S , L i W :"H o . « d S#1 " 2 .+
y"= r .1 . [ + eU + , i *#+ r , & G 5 2 + } "+ eH Aq k;A (% A& eS! B;W
2+ (   i S+ ‚"L#"+ 2 . Œ1  e p + .+ n"S n " ˆ .+ 2 K " s ‘> 2 " r 3
) 5 v 2 i v P 3 . ( 1916 oi G ) . [ + < p+ B= 2 H 2+ ;AH x8.#Q> 7 ;#L= 2189
i *#+ 7 ;#L= 2 2 i / r F*% r8 x 5 [ + eU + k 2gE‘ ( 1918 – 1914
. u% .= 2AuQ o upH šº (% 5 y+' F . . o + 2+ : 2 .+ 2+ + 2 [ i > i K #Q> e
k u.+ u
!+ o'= Q . 2c+ 2 + } + r F % .= ”c ˆ :"H R o #!+ y"= x U
B;uAH u".A 2u .+ B&  + } "+ d U K B;#  S ;" %Q , "l AW o + o H
2u+ B u. P u + " ‡i KL " b 1 h K"® 2 + o + eH b 1 Bf e K#L
uW i .+ W 7 Yc o + i 2 v ˆ R i = [ + eU + , Q . o +
– 2u` ! « , 1 & o + F . W k .+ nK#~ , o + 2+ ( != o + , YcW

. kH K#X K R e – h + x . K
" 2u + o u + (X e x A+ i [ + eU + , k .+
!+ o'= Q 5 i c.+ ‡ nX e
–
i c.+ \ X — f X > T+ 2 + † + B; c r O#A ; 1 H + < L+ o eH q*% "  Xi
" ƒ uA+ B" = 2 + } "+ . ¦ } + ‰;AŸ o + (X e "l A 2 .+ 1 2 v K;! B e
. "2 3 " ! B;K" => e
+ i *# ”
eu o H B + i *#= si ‹ ²a i *#+ (X e x A+ % (1945 C1939) 2 q+ 2 i > P 3 k;#A= ¥
n + Y Z= , s %L R'+ i *#+ e !#L a %+ S i *#+ ‡i , c#AW M%c . u& @+ i K #Q>

15

Y Z#+ o + 2 8 + x o g B; "H 2 SW 2"tQv B& M%c= . c# ”"V#W Q Q E~ [ +
: e E K# AX 5 2 3 -pA#1 kH K#X>
ˆ ( . kH K#X> Y Z#+ o + 2 8H 7 > ;1 + } + K;1 o + 2 .+ 2 v B;! x v d AŠ
.2 + o + <¯ & <EK 1 e Yq ;AH c &\ . s p 2 .+ 2 .+ :"H 2 H K#X> .+ h *
YuQ YL Q " o + " \kw ( BHE .o + 5 2 H K#X> .+ 21 . ( Xa= 5 H &
h u x u~ <8uU R c# > › pA+ eH .+ n1i 1 ”"V#+ 2"
p eH . 7 > …{” . a %U
eu 2O A& b+ — . a 7 > …{” . kH K#X> h .#+ R c# > KA+ 5 6 Q 2 !+ r i %W
bu1 – buX :u"H [ + eU + , 2 + } "+ ˆ H P'
= )%"= > 2Qi KW e
+ .2 i > 2 + † + ª i =
R ¦ kK"H i 2 + † + 2L1 AW " P + + } "+ v y+ .(% e + } "+
Fu
1 . kW uH Ri
# h @ 5 F+ / 2L1 AW 2 :"H b 1 F 2 W + 2 + † + F F , R p
, 2u + † + i b h R'+ <89 i + 6 + 2 1 2 P + + † + h e
= – .2!H  (p!+ ( H
«i , B; V#L= ¥ r»pAW Bf B .= Bf ƒ ¬i B«} B; + h .= . 2 W + r i
# > B« # 1 . i
u . uA"H & %uL T+ 2 3 2 ! .! 1 2 i K #Q> ˆ ."+ i + 1 .G = B& 01
eu “u 2u .+ ‘ 5 2 + } "+ R 6= . bw X «i ` T+ n W 5 X (
w , X e i K #Q>
\8uK + eu r H 1 k. 2 .+ 2 3 e d AO r D . d AŠ '& r K 1 Ri *#+  K
[ + eU + n= o + X 2 .+ \ H ; 1 Ÿ < S+ (
2 .+ & A 2 W + r i
# 8+ #+
. o 2 i K #Q 2% , b"
2u"  _> # K#L ! M1
;1 . 2 !# s F"? 2 .+ 2 3 (qD s k. .1   q+ d AŠ
. u;. ./ :"H (K o + 5 H & . Š k!9 2"
w , i K #Q> o H 2+ " 3 k .+ i *#+
u + } + uK;1 2 .+ 2 v B;! x E & . '& ( . oi *#W iv , ”"V#+ 2"  ‘ x ® &
2 .+ o + b# 8H kH K#X> Y Z#+ 2 !
'= 21 b+ h . > 2 ."+ ¦ } "+ B;!+ '& W G i
H ASu u s u† R ug . + h E#+> 2" U o #!+ o . " aS9 2 O#+ " ‰;A 5 aŠ .1
" oi  " k #w> (3 5 ˆ #& 5 oY1 r U ;X Pi O#+ , £ l \ w P X ... \ H
F*%u T+ 2 .+ 2 3 :"H d S1 . 2 + † + - U eH 2 KA#+ Pi ‘ (p1 R c# > ”"V#+ b "H ;l 1
euH M% ( kH K#X> Y Z#+ o + 2 8H eH > 6Q – . o X 2Z c ¼ .+ x 6L+ d AŠ '& , 2"q¨
. *#+ bX :"H 2 #w> o + 2 8 +
H i = > g Q i = . 2 + 2 .+ 2 3 ( e i = h AL! _ x 6L+ '& :"H 2 Xj ,
(qD K;A g L+ . # >  ! > 8c!A > S"#$ i = .
k& K 2 O#+ & g L+ . oi "%+ ‰A+ § &i S= , 2 3 r (qD H c+ 2 + « KL 2 .+ 2 3
eu uX – ;." g L+ i #+ 2 ‘ e & H c+ i #+ x . . «}H 2 O#+ 2 8 & H c+
. 2 + A+ « e b= X T+ k& ( ;Xi
5 2%uLA+ 2 %"uQ k;1 (g v k .+
!+ o'= Q e ;K" = K 2 .+ 2 v B;! x E K1 g L+ i #+
bu# 8H 7 u > + } + si} b "H c %"S o + :.%= A& e . kH K#X> Y Z#+ r8
p
:u"H Bg €"S k;1 . R c# > ”"V#+ 2" kSV#+ oi  2 O#+ ;1 H .1 2 #w> . 2 #w>

16

eu
+ ΠuA= K;A
> k!
1 . K; + ˜ #§ k|i #+ A@ e %"S . (.#L ƒ Q
eu YZ 2Qi KW , b..§ Ÿ o} + . R
1 ƒ Q :"H 2 #w> o + h .= x R :"H hE" >
. 2 i *#+ €Q
W :"H o S ( , ¹ !3 n r @A+
> 2 #w> o + 2 *"+ ; 8 , yw ‡ A&
> oYq ˆ b + kK#A= Œ H i = b n +
bX :"H [ + n + YZ= ” ;#1 , Y% yw 2‹ e
+ 2 #W «
eH i c ;X e b+'%= K 1

M *uc= x / k& .2DE& 5 c e 2L
5 e (p1 5 d _ e (.#A= k;1 . « i w b -.*#=
eu
D buX :"H 2 .+ 5 B @A#+ e EŸ b* *c= e
D bX :"H 2Qi KW 5 aS9 2%LA 2 SW «YL
-u U euH u+ ;AH nX #+ . ;AH nX #+ b* *c= e
D bX :"H 2 #w> 5 o + ( Xa# b* *c=
.i *#+  e ;! , o x E= F X N ‘ ” f h ( , . "¦ !S+ i L + "
.2u 1 oi L 2 g .H Y` oYL 2 v k #9 P L3 ˆY1 2 + 2 .+ 2 3 €" , H c+ i #+
› uw u.+ yu"= 21 ;#1 e
³ 21 2 K# . 2S%A r K#~ 2 F b
:u"H uc 4 > '& a1 r o o A"p1 A 01 kH K#X> n + Y Z=
j 2 > ;# + 1
(p!"+ kQ Qv i cW . A YZ ” 21 , }  ;X x'% A "H „ ( ƒ A+ o , € O#+
uAK" > 2u ."+ " ¦ } "+ " B;!+ b X e
+ 2 #w> , aS 2 .+ , aS 2Qi KW aS e
–
" N O#+ " ‰;AW R
!+ bQ Q  .#! 2 #w> e k .+ ” W :.% 1 2 #w> o + 2 8 +
. R u
!+ bQ Q .#! o + e k #w> ” W :.% 1 2 .+ 2 #w> 2 8 + AK" > 2 #w> ,
2u + † i ˆ u 2 .+ 2 3 ( 2 .#+ 2 .+ ˆ .+ ‚"#’ a M† " 2 @A+ " , i c.+ '&
• u YuL!= • u B;! ;A ( °!#/ o r i w n1 = 2  ;# 2 X # 2 > 2 X #
o u , nK‘ “ « i w -./ :"H oi Y` & . " 2V!#AW " 2 .+ 2 3 01 . o W r i p"+
, nuKŠ œ b* *c#+ k!
> ;" oYLW , aS 2‹ „ i
#W (p!+ . 2 + &Y& o
oi u" q l q [ + n + Y Z#+ " 2 @ " e A+ 81 . 2 #w> o + 2 3 i w
. uH (u F + o o , Ž k.#" 2 @ . 2 .+ 2 3 ( 2S"#VW ˆ .+  1 :"H oi . q
S .= h .#AQ 'tA A 01 . 2 aS F + S .= . ˆ x U F + o 2S¤ ; 1 hE#"
:# + 2 @A+ s'& 5 R # A "H . 8
" > h .# > ”"9 5 E!.A1 A+ h v 5 E!. e >
Eu~ [ u + uA YZ A . 2 #w> eH 7 ( 2 .+ eH 7 ( nX '&
, 2u @ 2 #uw> -u.§ ”u AK" = > 2 .+ , 2 @A B"L A+ kZ%A 81 c# ”"V#W Q Q
(up!= uW 7 A" + '& e -KH ˆ #L , )*% v :# . o + -.§ ” AK" = > 2 #w>
. r *u= eu h . ;X e x'% ¨ B` + A=YL (p!#1 [ + A ¯ Z ” AK " = , r @A+ y"=
2 #uw> 2 .+ 2 #w> , 2 .+ , r @A+ y"= P * 7 H ” & b1 €ž x
1 Y` 2 #w> 2 .+ 2. . e 7 A" "1 . B;A s AK" = s + R'+ bX + :"H – 2. . Ck&
nu + Y uZ= , Ž _ ;Qi — (% B« @ Œ1 (%. (% B;O& A }#¶ 7 A "H R .
eu
uK; . [ H Y` H kH K#X> n + YZ# ” AK" = A > A+ :=a# > '& . [ +
ApH T+ \ S > ”p 5 '& ˆ K; . o c#A oYL
#Q A=YL 01 B" #A+ b+'% R'+ ;Š F +

17

ug .H \ .#+ 2Qi KW , ¬ .#+
+ b + R 6= (%. e A+ > 2 1 .G oi G y"= 01 &YGa= F/ µ
. c#AA1
R u# 5 d # & Ÿ ;#Š eH ”
[ + A ; S T+ r8
pW 2;X eH ” # '& „ >
.
€ž Ÿ h .#+ ( %Q ,  ;X d # & Ÿ h .#+ , ;X 5 ”  „ ( 2 @ 5
A1 H . ) 3 '& ; + kK#A oYq 2
1 r ;#X 2 + 2 .+ 2 3 €" , H c+ i #+ '& 2 ,
y+ 21 . ( 1 o .1 ) sY Z= ‰;A 7 e A+ > n + Y Z= 2 @ 7 k
+ b – “ – bA
( 2 o u.1 ) ;#1 e
³ 21 2 K# . ;# , 2S%A & @+ \ w> ( v 2A
¨ ‰;AW
Y uZ#+ 2 K# ΠA= e % ٠kH K#X> Y Z#+ , h Sc bA
+ 2 W 2 %S+ 5 2%LA+ B¸"L y+
(4 o u.1 ) Œ uA#+ y+'+ ( 7 p# > o H r> m 2‹ ( 3 o .1 ) L > o i 2 kH K#X>
:u"H F³ T+ 2Qi KW , < c – ¦ } "+ ‰;AW ( 5 o .1 ) r> ± y"= e o
% o F 2 + } "+
. ( 6 o .1 ) b &
. ‰;AW 2"
p h AL! _ ˆ o 2 + } "+ e i *# AH

18

(3)
i S#+ ‰& A
:i S#+ ‰& A C7
u nu " S= " " i S= " 2K" ' – n + " Y Z= " " YZ= " eH B"
# e§ ) 3 '& 2 'A
• ) 5 b= & ˜ #® Y% # ) 3 , ˜E ap – A v e H '& , A .+ . 21 +a 2Xi 2K"
2+> M%c – " i S#+ " Y% = v y+ . bŠ R'+ £ l W " i S= " -%L e
– . b#+> 7 k
+
i 5 L > F" 2 K" + 7 p
+ F pH e q+ .+ e a# F , > 2 3 2
E > b# 21 2 + } "+ 2!Q81 x ® R'+ – + KH .1 y+ (% . 2 %S+ 21 W e < !#
Buf Fu i T+ ( ¼ .+ ; + ) " o i #+ " e s K" = K i
! b1 '& . 2AQ 7> 2#Q eH
, u& G euH ƒ A+ )*% + 2 1 2AQ 7> 2#Q e
= – . " iv r KL+ ½ -" \ %+ , " : 'A X +
e 7 H
> pH nQ #+ .+ ( [ i v
!+
b Y` . 2+> R Y` a  F . B;
r utŸ 2AuQ 7> 2#uQ (% X – + . … ... £ > ( 2G i + X + Š , 2 K" + 7 p
+
– r YZ#u+ oYu v 2" c3 > š + n + . X L > .%Q 3 KŠ AL+ e 7 +v
FuL + (%.#LW 5 kl W e & @+ \ wv 2 oY v 2" c3
= e+ b – + X 'A ” #=
x8u kH uA+ YZ#u+ 2 3 x8 KA+ 4 Ÿ " i S#+ " 7 H '
& . E+ }H — ( E+ , > .#
u& u 5 kH YZ= ( kH YZ= œ š + i S#+ v i S#+ 2+> k! > Y v Y% #+ '& . 2 3
r @ (m F" "i S#+ " , e i r @
= “ pH nQ #+ .+ ”c#A x R :"H . : i
2uKg + 2u 3 f & @+ \ w> ( f n’ ¦ 2 "
+ .+ e 2H Kœ h M%c . 2 3 , e=
„u i S#+ W . b 7 k. " i S#+ " ; + ” l ¥ K#LW YZ#+ ;q+ G x %#W YGa#+ ; G
. k|i #+ ; 2A k& 2 H K#X o & ? ( Kf : & Qi ƒ A+ B"H .1 |i = o & ? \kw (
+
2X , b 1 r + R'+ kH K#X> n + > b "H F :"H
= f i
1> r @A+ “
R'+ " "9 " f n # kZ%A > kH K#X> ; 5 2 LA > B;!= > ¦ #+ . 2 r8
p (* + ; +
e i *#+ i , £ S > e i *#+ 2 @ F T+ 2 + } "+ :"H '& -%S K . 2 |i #+ ;#" Ž  O#
2 .#W i , i # + }+ i / 2 @ F T+ 2 L i W 2 #w> :"H -%SA Q [ + eU + ,   i S+ ;.+
Bu v i u/ 2 @ k& T+ 2 .+ 2 #w> 2 A+ r K#~ i / 2 @ k& T+ 2 AU + 2 #w> H A
c#A= ( S+ ˆ W , e
+ bSpA= ¢ v b = H .= & ‘ ª i #"+ : K; G . … ... o E~ 2!"V#W
. i S#+ 2 K# bAH } & ; :"H i S#+ 2
r u K#OK"+ k|i u#+ i uS#+ 5 kH K#X> i S#+ 7 p# r> m F;‘   q+ ƒi + '& YGa= F/
. k|i #+ ‰;AW & X ‰;A A+  1

19

: k|i #+ ‰;AW – 8
eu 2 3 y"= •8V#Q ;# i 2 L > r K#~ i S= 2@ 8 :"H k|i #+ ‰;AW BH E h .=
k .+ P v , . kH K#X> i S#+ b + bO# R'+ (%.#LW = , .+ y"= (K #L ¥ SW ;H .
o u + uW : x 6L+ eH 2 X0 ;AK#= T+ 2+ v £ e ;1 . k|i #+ ‰;AW :"H 2Kg o H r Q i
2uQ i + W ¼ .+ ª i #+ ¢ k;1 '& :"H 2+ v . " 2 |i = " 2 K# ; 1 o + 1 … { 2 +
. B v P p+ ª i #+ 2 i .W
yum ku& 2Qi KW 21 W ‰& A i %# >
m M"c 2K # 2 p 2Qi ¨ si %#H ª i #+ , yw >
2" , > €#
– ª i #+ . 2" 2* *
= > ª i #+ 21 W k& 2+aLW e
+ . 2 @A+ i %#
. M *c+ ;;X :"H 21 e
= – ¢ M*c= . 2+ ;œ F ¢ b + 7 = h ( , . bA o a#
r K#~ ( ª i = " : h 3 -G + x .+ ( 1847 ) " kH p+ %+ " E"_ š i ” ' A" +
o u#! r u F 2 p%+ `i ”p# ( 1877 ) ‚.1 H G8G . " k.%S+ £ c+ ª i = &
" u W uA|i = e 7 k.%S+ £ c+ e 2 + ¦ #+ 2 9 2
"W e 2 + "2 H w" 2+ , 2" U
u
> uA& e . ¢ v & ? e ƒ A+ b1 ¨ M q ƒ A+ eH " KH " 2 O± ª i #+ " i Q
_ ) • bX 2 + r #
+ e Yq i c :"H 2 2O s'& . b 8U :"H > %. ª i #+ ˜ O# >
" Tu+ 2u |i #+ ¢ v ' " ... 6 ª i #+ " € OH i 0 (" i
P #
+
eu+ uf c > ¢ ¢ a „` ª i #+ ¥ . ;A \ .#Q> 2* i %# ;# X e
³ k
+ " r
– u& i R'+ R + 6 + ; .#A G ª i #+ €# , ž ª i #+ -SA eH ¢ *# R :"H %

k& 5 v 2 A+ . # e y+ k|i #+ ‰;AK"+ 2K 2 kZ" b= i S#+ ¥ . b A A. – 2 %+ 'A
, – ku& uK – i
#= > k;1 ¦ #+ ª i #+ }H ;# x8 KA= 2 H K#X> o & @+ „ k|i #+ i S#+
K « H ;# e " k|i #+ .+ " A1 H T+ o & @+ o H 8
*#L M%c A& e . ;|i = e #"
o & u@+ r u ”u ª i #+ e 7 A 01 ˆ 2 e . s A1 H R'+ .+ 2* ; 1 }#VA+ k&
Yu` ¢ u 'u& v b i S##1 ; + 7  Q bA 7 n S#L > A
+ n + 5 F" 5 ri S=
8
q ( . s ‘> '& , s S#+ ( ! €ž 7 A+ k!
= > ª i #+ s ‘ 21 eH ¥ ª i #+ , < %L
. [ u + eU + , o + 2+ h .#Q " h " , b x .+ '& e 7 A 01 2 |i = 2 K# 2 + o +
(u + ( . h .= “ [ + n + , b" ! A "H R'+ h .#Q ” h .#Q “ 7 A+ k!
> '& e
+
uq > F 2+aL 2+aLW 2 = o + :"H >
= o + (X e x A+ €A‘ 5 :H
'&
‰;AW ;AK# T+ 2 |i #+ " 2 }Š " \:S¶ e
D > A . :"H \kw ( B# L1 ª i #+ :"H @# +
8S " 2 }Š " s'& 5 Œ %+ (c € Z+ . K# (%.#LW A+ ® b 1 A+ > R'+ kl W ) k|i #+
\ i 2 !#VW 2 + } "+ 2 A&'+ \kS¶ e
D > A ¥ . 2 K# . b# ‚%A= e L > :"H < !w> e
euH bu# ` , k %S+ .+ R L k|i #+ .+ . ‡ A& i S#+ 2 g ."= k& A& 2 |i #+ 2 K#3 1 . ‰;AW '&
. X † (] k %S+ .+ & L >

20

2u1   #!A+ . 2 l W ¢ v ¢ 3 e 2H Kœ ª i #+ . b= ª i #+ B;1 ‡ A& – Y – ¥
Bu;1 , uA u ( " -SA " :"H ” # Q '& . " ;.SA " ”p#
A+ ;K;! . 2* * ;#1
:u"H i K;A ( . 1 AH ;AH š i AH ”"#’ ¢ 3 2+> . 2 H K#X> ¢ > ¢ 3
sYL!= ª i #+ B;1 2*c o} + ( ª i #+ ¢ YL!= :"H oi .W FL + o} + . bO;AW .%U YL!= f h .
‰;AW :KL ª i #+ 21 , O;A k|i = ‰;A ( \ i 7 A& e . ‰;AW :"H ” # & .
7 y+ n S#LA+ > '& 7 A "H . kH K#X> n + i S# ” 21 2"
p (® > k|i #+
. AO;A 2* b 1 }#¶ * * K;1 ª i #+ B;!A1 X n i S= ”
. 2Kg ‰;AW 2"
p x E= k|i #+ ‰;AW BH E B`}1

2 + Š – 9
7 1 – . o X 2"
p r K#~ 2 21 eH q %+ h i S#+ 2 @ F U .+
u& u . i S#= " ” " 7  > M% ( (%.#LW 5 kl W e ;# x8 " i S#= " r K#~
" bu= i S#+ h V#L ¥ kg ."#+ (%.#LW n # n S#LA+ h> & . s'& KA+ 2 ‚% R'+ .+
. R'+ (%.#LW 5 n + " S#+
x / T+ 2!L"!+ €# , o . 2 + Š . Š x 6L+ '& :"H 2 X ¦ Š ‰;AW 2 + Š F
. 2S L 2+ . – 2 8V – ;A
+ ;#* F%q=
K;H K#X x %#W k!A+ '& k;#A . R i k!A x ® K;A ( . £ l , !"#V 1 AG i *#
Eu K# . u A#W K; i £ c+ 2" c ;1 '& n . K K;A R R i & š + . R i :"H
u bX + '& :"H " x Š " Y% #+ 2" v 2+> + k& s'& . o :"H R i ( e 2* q b a K;AH
A& ;1 . i S#+ b 1 ”p#
+ " (O & " 2 .%H 5 2X , bA
+ . i S#+ 7 (% e 1 x Š
, ; V#L 2"
# 2 @ , .+ '& (O & ¾ c .  A# i £ c+ e + — q X R i
eu k
u
W x .# > B# > i S#+ ;A 7 e
K#W 7 L" !+ 2H } & @+ \ w> ( 2 YL!=
– uX + 5 ˜ | a k;#A R'+ b= " \kp+ , " 2A
+ r  AW £ c+ - U eH ( x " W 5 2" +
H M%c )%" > X Œ A= i ' :"H R #® b= &  .A+ eH ”"#$ X " \kw " – o !U
. ¦ Š £ c+ x8 Bg + KA+ e 2"L"Q , '
& ... X -" 5 o !S k;#A
{ \kw ( '& (&
\ uwv u& : s A#K"H s e e= ;H :"H 2 K" + 7 p
+ F 5 o Š 21 l>  . >
” ul 5 . o K#L r YZ= ;.*"#1 (3 ) ” #=> T+ ;# x8 (2) Œ , ; G6 (1) & @+
" , 2A
+ r  A#W £ c+ x8 e B# h i S= k& o K#LW r YZ#+ s'& (4) bA 7 A+ x Š
. ¦ Š ‰;AW " 2 + Š " '& ( k† . b= " \kp+

21

. AK« r i} BQ> eH 2@ 8W s'f
x Š " Y% #+ 8
Q > K #Q kH K#X> i S#+ 2 H K#X> r 8 + eH 2 + r #
+ , _ Yq A v y+
x K #uQ> 'u& . YZ#+ x %#W YG #+ 2 3 Ž c. . … ... " 2 + Š r 8 + " " 2 + Š " "
(u
‰;uAW "K #L 'tA Bv . i S#"+ r  A#W £ c+ "%. e '+ e ;! M%c
Œ1 OŸ . r  A#W £ c+ x8 B# i S#+
A e '+ e h ;! Y` M%c bA
+ . bA
y"= . YZ#+ x %#W YGa#+ 2 3 > A+ :.%= > " r  A#W £ c+ x8 e i S#+ "
‰;uAW '&
AH b† ; + €*LA ¦ Š ‰;AW Œ M%c= — . 2 + X FL + 2


Œu " ‚%ul " , u ! '& . r  A#W £ c+ . x Š : sE D R'+ .+ @!#m
. ‚"Z 81 i
1 ‚%l , ! K i S#+ eH €#
K 1 r S+ ZW
ƒ uQ :"H 2Kg .+ ‰& AW , b B"L r  A#W £ c+ x8 e h .#+ 4 Ÿ x Š ) 01 x R :"H
i uS#+ uŽ — T+ r 1 l> YL!= – b= F + , – x / 2 K# . 2S%A & @+ \ wv 2
(@ Q . KA+ h .#+ o S 2
, e& + Ri 3 ; 5 5 v o %+ e r K#~ b F".# 1 kH K#X>
2u K# u ΠA#+ : 5 v 2"
pW b1 p# ( ˆ R 5 7 :.% . 2 ;A+ “ A , x Š
. 2 L > o i> 2 kH K#X> i S#+
: . E 1 # W (p1 – 10
)*% R'+ & '& š + . n + S= 2 ! , ”"#¶ > i S#+ 2 ‚%= T+ .+ A1 H n #
eu o w .KH q X 78 5 ˆ x Š 7 p# 01 '& n … { ( U F 'A bAH
2u kH uK#X> i S#+ 2 K# ΠA= e % 2"
pW ( eH q*% e '+ - Q 78 R
. 2 L > o i>
'u& < 1 Ÿi '& (% ( €L*1 ª i = ƒi 1 L" 1 e
– – x v 2 @A+ € – (O & v y+
\ uw> ˜i u o u 2‹ " e 6 " 2 %+ 'A ;1 . „ + ;#X> < S , n.= ;" b#!L"1 . * L ; .1
n + . d + k"
+ (. + -"SW
!+ 2 "O f d p+ , :KL= . " 2 H " 2 ; / & @+
S uL%= . d u+ „ = e
D K
!+ „ = e
D 2 W 2K" ;AH Y% #+ , (K #Q – x . K – (O &
« . = ,  ¶ A A > 2 + Š , & G 7 & A& A A "
1 " ; KL a k!#
AQ ) *"+
. 2 !L"!+
o W :"H
!"+ 2 + v s'& . b+ L‘ k;1 & @+ \ wv . x v X + &
!+ (O & R i 2 8
i uS#"+ O;A eK#=  R . 2 + X (O & 2 + q > oYq 2 + q r @ 2‹ n . " 2 + qW " :KL k&
u
K .
!+ i S= , )*% €O 1 r K#~ i S#= ” 7 i . f .%U . AK; &
uLO#+ u& nu +
2@3 ( , . i S# & ) 5 b %#= o W > i S#
!+ . o W
=
!+
2 K# ΠA= e % 2"
p A"" 'Ž A % .
!+ ; + ( T+ i S#+ 2" W M *c+

!+ v . M * Y` '& e
+ . L > 2 5  *A= 2 + qW 2 L > o i> 2 kH K#X> i S#+
(3 'Ž . d + k"
+ (. + -"SW
!+ & ( L >
1 & š + + X i S#W x v X W

22

> uL > u; 1 Ÿ r X K"+ š + o " 2 }Š " K; " L > nK#~ £  & 2"
pK"+ ¦ qW
o i> 2u 2u H K#X> 2 3 2 K# Œ A= e % ( (O & : q 2U L% . & L‘
i « 2 + qW . &i S= Lž + X i S#= ¦ k& K; 1 2q+ G o .+ L > nK#~ £  0 2 L >
- .*#+ .+ y"= h V#Q :"H oi .W y"D > ; 1 L > v . ¦ Š i S#+ 7 p# > 2K R
.
!+ i S= bO# ) 5 b €&'#+ f n| & (
i uS#"+ ‰;uAK 2uK 2 e 2 + Š r X 2 + qW i e '+ e – (O & ' K"= – š i xi
uK – (O & eH ¦ Š ‰;AW ' a1 . Ž e 6 (O & T+ 2
!+ o .+ y"= X o p
. kH K#X>
uX + k& o W " e 6 " š i .1 . ( K bQ i :"H Kg b :"H b ¥ – &
r u @ 2u‹ n . " 2 W " :KL k&
!+ :"H o K"+ 2 + v s'& . f L‘ k;1 i
1v . x v
u i uf .%U . AK; & i S#"+ O;A eK#=  R 2 + X 2 š i 2 > oYq 2
> i uS#= o uW .
!+
o W
= K . o W i S= , )*% €O 1 r K#~ i S#= ” 7
; + F" T+ i S#+ 2" W M *c+ LO#+ & n +
2@3 ( , oi S# k& ) 5 ; %#
!+
o i> 2u kH uK#X> i uS#+ 2 K# ΠA= e % 2"
p A"" 'Ž A % . o W
k& FL + + X i S#W x v X + o W v . M * Y` '& e
+ . nK#~ 5  *A= 2 W 2 L >
r " 2u }Š " uK; " L > nK#~ £  & 2"
pK"+ R W (3 'Ž . ˜ # > r ( nK#~
eu % F" 2 W : q 2U L% . ;# š
> L 8+ nK#OK"+ š "1 2 W o 3 ˜ #
k& K;#/ 2q+ G o .+ L > nK#~ £  0 2 L > o i> 2 2 H K#X> 2 3 2 K# Œ A=
; 1 L > v . ¦ Š i S#+ 7 p# > 2K R i « 2 W &i S= L
+ X i S#= T+
. o W i S= bO# ) 5 b €&'#+ f n| & ( - .*#+ .+ y"= h V#Q :"H oi .W y"D >
. " 2u }Š " k& y"= bXi e b "H l ! i S#+
i S#+ 2 "K + g .+ ‡ ± & L >
> AH
K;A b%p+ bX – q – A+ M# + o .!+ s'& , " " 2 + Š 2 W 2 + Š 2 + qW d S= K = .+
K;uA B" # A 4 Ÿ " YZ= " ‰;A ;A 8
. kH K#X> i S#+ 2 :"H  l != T+ " 2 }Š " s'& ,
v " Y uZ= " ‰;uA FL + K;A e
+ . 2 K# .+ .%U (%.#LW 5 kl W e ;# , YZ#= r K#~
u Bg8 ; %# y"= YZ#+ 2 H n S#L . nK#~ 2 < Q , sY` n YZ# K; 1 L >
s K ; S ;& ‘ YZ ;# , B
*# – bX R :"H – n S#L > bA
+ . ;& ‘ b= i
uK o uW i uS= 2Xi ( (O & AH ) 2+ + s L‘ K
!+ i S= 2Xi n -!# > KW y+
. " š i AH " ˜ # > r & L‘
{ 2 }Š s'& r\ X e e
‰;uAW € c Q B;! ;A . s LA > €ž Qi B" # ;AK1 . 2 2 r x 6L+ '& :"H 2 X>
2 3 2 K#3 K¸"L= # @ , " 2 }Š " i c eH xaL A '#A+ . 2 }Š e r818+ M *c= e ¦ Š
y"= a K;A ( B "L= . i S#+ 2 3 . x Š ¥ & @+ \ w> x %#W YGa#+ YZ#+
YGau#+ < S , O;AK"+ .%S1 . bL! L > ; 1 Ÿ r K#~ & @+ \ w> ( 2 ‚%= 2 "
‡ u± & ;A cAH
i} 2‹ š + nK#OK"+ 2
W 2 p%+ 2
!+ 2 W A + ( x %#W
# @A+ e 8
01 '& n . o 2 + X .+ .%U ‡ *#= A + ( F ;" i S#+ 2 3 g .+

23

)u 5 ;u# , ˆ v A + b %#= )  x v ‡ ±
+ i S#+ 5 . Q
+ b= ' cAH e¯ =
. 2 + Š 2 W , " o W " & 2 + Š 2 + qW , "
!+ " & cA + '& A1 H . si S= bO#
{ g .+ s cAH š i (O & i # ”
1
i uS#+ 2u 2@ 8Ÿ R . kK" + )*%+ š + . 2 3 X + Q :"H 2 X> ( a#+ R . !L"1 si #
. x v ‡ u± bu ; "H €=i x v X W &
!+ " 2 l 1 " e (O & v y+ . ;A 7 p#
2u+ .W 2* F*% '
& . x v ‡ ±  ; "H €=i x v X W k& o W " 2 l 1 " e š i
( F W x v X W &
!+ o W " 2 l !+ " 2* :"H 2! # x v ‡ ± & o W
!+ a
˜i u bu v kK" + )*%+ - U eH b= %G e
D > . E 1 # l 1 X + , o W 2 +
!+ 2 + e
bu= %G e
D > k. E 1 #  1  k& i S#"+ ‡ *K K;A R " 2 + " 01 N Z+ D> < S , n. b S
F L= T+ . E 1 # W 2 G X e ¦ Š ‰;AW Y;S= 2+ m F ” k" K 1 ˆ AQ . kK" + )*%+ - U eH
. F*_ ˆ R 5 b +
r K#~ i S#= ” 7 x § e§ 2 . E 1 # W r \ H > e e i' X e i'
AQ A& e \ #
(% (/ e > ‰;AW 2"
p F b : &
1 Qi bA B" # .. [ + A K#œ i S x § e§
(u hE"#L= > ( & K X + 2 ‚%= T+ .+ 21 R ) ‰;AW 2"
p ( 01 2 @A+ 2"
p (
:"H AA < !=> b & Qi bA B" # ¥ . … ... b." e -" ” X + " Q " 2"
p
 – b 01 P "Q> 2 Z+ -"SAW A+ / n + Y Z#+ 2 @ :"H \ .#+>
j > kH K#X> i S#+ ‰;A
i S#+ 2  2p A % R'+ ˜ > ... 2 . E 1 # W r> .W :"H < !=> 5 2X Y` , h E#+8+ 7 –
. 2 . E 1 # 2SL!Q > š + + q
=
= : x .+ kH K#X>
: ¦ Š ‰;AW i S= C11
ˆ uA+ " 2 + Š 2 W " M%c#+ š i :"H ri S= – n + , v 2 + qW i S= eH ¢ *# n S#L >
. F;# e 5 ‰;AK " 2 + Š 2 W " ri S= ” >
‡ u± ku& o W " : b „ 2 W 2!L"!+ e ‰;AW bGi R'+ k. E 1 # W ¢ YW y+ e ; %## T+ 2 gEŠ
eu ( ” *# . ; 1 ˜ # > r i S#+ %= r K#~ i S#= : k& 2 H K#X> ;# = . " x v
. ˜ # > r 8H e b W %= i S#+
2.%S+ o . . h .# ¦ † i nK#œ , > 2 #w> -.*#= e
D > : ‰;AW '& \ l :"H R @A+ ( "*#"+ .%U
u . ˜ # > r 8H e K; W %= = ! = k.%U £ x8 . ( i # + }+ ) 2 H Ac+ . 2" +
o u# ku;1 ˆ v ˆ .+ . ( + † + ) (K = > y"³ 2 " 2 q+ ( i # + }+ ) y"³ > (K = 2 %"`
(Kup= oYZc+ 2  X}+ ) 2 9 2
"W 2 !c= 5 ;!+ / , €&'= > 5 = .+ ˆ ”+ / 2 ' '
si uU eH . kH K#X> i S#+ s ‘ 5 2%LA+ '& . ( 2" + 2.%S+ 5 + † + 5 K#A > e '+ (
‰;uAW 'u& \ l :"H R @A+ ( "*#"+ .%S1 . 2 p o   L > nK#~ ;1 si S= A A R'+ nK#~ eH R
r 8H e ( n
˜ # > P "Q , Œ A#+ & k.%S+ £ c"+ x v ‡ ±
) 

24

@A+ 7 c ˆ .+ ;Q Q :"H  != T+ 2 8 + & k.%S+ \ K# >
£ c+ e b! ® R'+ & ˜ # >
. 2 + Š 2 W ‰;A 5 2%LA+ 2c+ 2 @ k& . 2 ¨v k& y"= . 2 .+ « \ K# eH
Fu h u uK; %= eu E"_ š i 2 L i : 2 ".#+ 2 L i W 2 8 & b" y+ 7
& e > 21 l 2Kq1 '& n . 2 O#+ 2 Q ( = – 2Z c+ 2K
m 2
!+ r> .W e 2H Kœ 2 L i W
š i eH bL! eH E"_ i'#H 2Qi KW , i %# > nl 2 @A+ nl = (%
% F 'AK1 . ;"g .+ 1 c
2+ uQi ) kH K#X> i S#+ 2 , ( 2 W Y` ) ˆ v A + 2  j 2 !+ > F + Kf 1 # – b a
i u%# > nl 2 @A+ nl #1 A + ;@ 5 2 L i (@#Q 2 L i W > (1890 / 9 / 21 , ¿ " 5
. 2 c .+ Q i , 2!w8%+ oi G 2Qi ¨ ,
T+ 2Xi + 5 ˜ # > r b 1 i S#= – ”"V# nK#œ 2 c .+ Q i 2 " > e PE 2!w8%+ . L A +
nuK#~ – oi q+ u – i uU A + o . 2!w8%+ 01 '& n . 2 #w> oi q+ h .+ R W ‰;AW ;%"S#
'!A#L (% > B« K#œ i S S#L #w> K"L M% h + . 2 #w> .. T 1 L+
L > oi .Ÿ 2 L i W r #
+ p= . 8
¦ † + - S+ Y` eH ( €L*1 si S= 2 ` ¦ † + h @A+
e #w> o .+ €"` “ š i 'A . PE3 2 8 :"H k.%S+ " kH + " :"H «  _ , x =
8!+ E_ c+ , . k.%S+ B&\ K# > Q . 2 + Š 2 W ' + i Z  X B . 2" + 2.%S+ Y`
\ .#+ \ X ¥ . -g 1 d OA oi q+ „ c+ ”.qW © = kL= . ˜ # > r i S#= (% 2 #w> oi q+
. ku¨v u&i U0 °!#*#+ oi q+ K#L= i 2 @A+ 2 1  yL³ AH k
L= = e . 2 .+ L i W
H 1 & ! 2 n e  B; L i W bX . B v #+ %= 2 #w> ˜ KA+ #= h +
– 7 u :"H – s [ + eU + k!1 . [ + eU + , l q v . &
2 · c eH
eU u+ , uL i W Œ . 2 L i W € #+ L i 2 .+ Y@A#+ 2 KS+ 2
!+ r> ± y"= X =
2u H i ua uO#® " k" g uQ> X + " x – + , L i W e oY% r H S !+ | [ +
, bu" – + , 2Qi KW F%q= '
& . 2 + o + i w 1Y1 2. L+ 2Qi KW , (p!+ e !#L
2u W ‰;uA e kgEŠ .+ y+ b #. Y` :"H d OA B# Á i S#+ • bX )+ q+ – +
.. " x v ‡ ± k& o W " : 2 + Š
r  u_> (u L i W -. ; 1 . h + “ A + e \ # B;L! L i W 2Qi ¨ 2Qi KW k& y"=
. 2*ul 2+> b "H x = ;A B" # > ‚ !#+ e . ; 1 ‚ !#+ e
D > r  _ k& . & .. T+ 2 .#+
- ./ b 1 ˜ # > r i S= 2Xi F kH K#X> n "+ R c#+ :"H L > oi . : k& 5 v ;#+>
– 2q+ q+ ;#+> . k #w> h .#"+ \ H i U0 2Qi KW :"H «  != 2 .+ : 2 q+ b#+> . 2 #w>
. n + , L i W sE_ " ( " i}= > L!= > ‰;AK " 2 + Š 2 W " k& – 2"K
W
2u ‚%u= T+ .+ e 2H Kœ ‰;AK 2 + Š 2 W v { n + , L i W sE_ " ( " x . W
o g 1 ;A !#Q x %#W YG #+ YZ#+ 2 3 2 K#3 L i W ;A B" = . r K#~ & @+ \ w>
– Bu& – B; u e
+ . 2 K" + Y` r 3 e B&Y` Yq :"H !# '& , B& . n + S= , ˆ c
x .= T+ 2 gEO"+ € '
= . 2 + Š 2 W 2 }Š B;% X e k € '
= & - .*#+ .+ y"= YVL#
. x v ‡ ± k& o W :

25

ku& . u oYZ# k& A + ;H 5 š i ;H e rYZ= 7 @+ — x . : b1 '& :"H +
eu
+ ( b "Q b# ` Y Z#+ -"SA ) 2 @A+ , G6 7 @+ 78# :"H ”"#¶ > :"H . ”"#¶ > y+'
‰;uAW 2 ` . * *u ‰;AW + ( & @+ \ w> 2 ‚%= T+ .+ ) ‰;AW , G6 >  !W
. u«> ( , ;# ‚% R'+ 7 @+ YZ= & & b v oYZ#W 7 @+ 2;X :"H oi .W A*"L
x u. . ‰;AW 2* h H :"H † 8
+ y+ sYL!= :"H i ‰;AW – bX :"H 7 @+ rYZ= 01
:u"H oi u.W 2 3 y" F%L  :"H ”"#¶ > :"H . ”"#¶> y+' k& . oi S# 2 2 L i W Kg
i S#+ :"H 2 3 oi .W F . " 2 + Š 2 W " b #= b #.= Y` :"H 2Qi KW x8 e i S#+
" uU A i uS#+ :.% > “ s ‘ K 1 k3 i S#+ s ‘ R'+ ‰;AW M *c= e 81 E EH & E EH
. " 2 O#+
. b ƒ LW e
D > 8
t w 2 L i W 2 @A+ }# > A " : x AH 2 L i W , ;#X> P A + M#1 .+
i r & ‘> ( , .# #w> :"H €ž b ‚.1 B" "+ 2 E+ O FQi a A#. A
;uA eu r u& ‘> ( , 8
1 .#1 2 + s'& L i W e Yq °! . " ; .= o *"+ @!®
, bu + uw R'+ r @A+ i
1v , #+ \ q+ y+ 2Qi KW e 2 L i W F%L . 2
!+ r & ‘>
. ) 3 '& n"S
{ 2Qi KW Bg8= “ 2 + Š 2 W M *c#+ R
!+ ;#X> ( e 501
. E 1 # W h ;! :"H a= ( 1962 ) " 2 A A "+ 2 L i W šQ " P # , ‰;AW eH . E 1 # W F"c1 .+
„u — … ... X ” x v X W & 2 %S+ \ i „ > kL i W
!+ , (K #L & K
¦ uŠ Y` B;!+ k& " " 2 L i W r #
+ , c.W 4 W 'Ž . E 1 # W bA i S#+ 2 5 o @
R'u+ & o W X 2 + "  #1 " (% e A1 H .1 '& n . ( 60 2*! ) kH K#X> i S#+ 2 3
. b "H h R'+  #1> eH k"V#+ Y v  !+ '& :.% ”
1 . x v ‡ ±   1 5 ˆ
: M% a1 8
" YZ= ( . -% –
. " kH K#X> i S#"+ " kQ Qv " ‡ ± k& ( x v ‡ ± k& FL + o W "
i S= & .  2Qi KW ˆ #L :"H R
!+ ˆ #LW :"H 2 L i W i S= B;1 , Gv ©+ ‰;AW , i S#+ '&
" (u + & ˜ # > r i S= :"H Bg AO;A A" + L i W Œ A+ x . A 1 . si
j i} >
ku& 2 .%S+ 2 8 + > 2 .+ 2 8 + 2 + ! B "L#+ n b A+ + . AH kH K#X> i S#+ , " kQ Qv
" (u + & ˜ # > r 8H e b > i S#+ , x 1 G6 L > kH £ c+ , " kQ Q> " ( +
Œu , \kuž \ uX :"H e c (@ kZ%A 81 '& A+ + . AH … ... b! / , " kQ Q>
o uKO#W 2 L i W oi S#W 2 L i W :"H ‰#§ A+ kZ%A > R . ;AH (.A= T+ 2 ".#+ 2 L i W r #
+
eu 2 L i W k! €ž ” W 'Ž E#+ . kL i W
!+ , i S#+ 2 - = , A% X e B;L > “
yu"= u
A= > – 2Z uc+ s'Ž –  (%. . kH K#X> i S#+ , L > o i 2 + 1 5 2%LA+ 2 %"L+ 2K«
i S#+ e b! ¦ #+ L > o i K / , " kQ Q> " ( + AK" =  v , ( . 2 + !+
k!#
> b|i = nAc L > A& ;1 . ˜ # > r i S= & ® K ˜ # > r 8H e b & kH K#X>
buX + :u"H b Ac – (% e kH p+ %+ x K – b! F/ R ‘ 2 |i = 2 , b ' a
. ˜ # > r i S= s ® R'+

26

. M *c+ ;" e F # F (/ – ‰;AW 2"
p Y`
u
" uKg " kH K#X> i S#+ 2 , " kQ Qv ( + " & ˜ # > r i S=
AH b v y+
x E – 2 e – e*A1 " 7 @+ ( , " 2 L > o i> K ® R'+ & ˜ # > r 8H e n W
2 + #+ A= S
=
 ( , A 7 .
W E+ , YZ#= > T+ ;# K# i S#+ i U ,
ri S= " " b a 2 K" + 21 W . :"H >
= ˜ # > r S= e E & T+ ˜ # > r S=
r i uS= -%uL 5 h .# i K# (p! A K# 5 i S# Q \kw (
1 ˜ # > r
uL i W bK" = ( – 2 G 2 e – i &v -"SW h ;!W 'Ž " kQ Q> " Y% = ' + AA
+ . ˜ # >
b##%G Ÿ A S > ˆ o " 2 }Š " 5 + " x v " 2K" k& " kQ Qv " 2K" a 2Qi KW e
˜ u# > r 8H Y Z= > B# – 2 A+ x + , T 1 L+ /> , ˜ # > r i S= e 2Qi KW
i S= h H o l q b" X ( ¦ † + ; ¯ Z – 2
v o *#W r > + , ˜ # > r i S=
¦ † + - S+ Y` eH k #w> x *#+ oi *#W x + Œ oi . (® – )+ q+ – + , ˜ # > r
˜ # > r Y = k#. i *#+   S #Q i K #Q ;# %U YZ – ( g Q , ˜ # > r i S=
Bu;! > ¥ … ... [ u + eU + , 2 i K #Q> r LQ6W ( ! kZ%A K 2 % + ;H , % + ( 1 K
r (K #uL= u n ”"V#+ r Xi , K@ ;A K 1 r !#= 2!"V# )+ q+ – + , r K#~ :.%= ”
2 .#W 8%+ e o i #LW  S+ o ˜ # >
2u , uKg G6u (u H ˜ # > r i S= ¦ Š ‰;AW M *c= , 2 G o S R'& (.A"1
i S#+ , b o E#W 2 W b= X n%w µ k
+ ˜ # 8+ 2Kg + L > 2X B
 kH K#X> i S#+
i uS#+ , MOAuA+ si uS €ž R'+ ˜ # > ˆ e " kQ Qv ( + " & M%c ( 2 KA#+ ) R c# >
. bu= 8H b= ˜ # > P "Q eH F R , (!Z A+  ž> b bA B" # . i
A Y` '& . kH K#X>
˜ u# > r i uS= ˆ b 1 ˜ # > P "Q :"H 7 # €ž R c# > A Y Z#+ ˆ c# AH A
uA K#œ uŽ D T+ 2 |i #+ 7 @+ e Yq , b ... r 8 + y"= sYq= R'+ £ c+ s L‘ T+ r 8 +
... kH K#X> A Ž ¯ Z T+ 2 Q Qv 2K;W & b= 8H b= ˜ # > P "Q S= (X e A+  M%c
. '& :"H 78 >
A ( n Kg kH K#X> S#+ 2 , " kQ Qv ( + " & ˜ # > r i S= „ > '& e
+
˜ u# r S=
: 7 :.% 1 . 7 @+ ( , i S#+ e b! ® R'+ & ˜ # > r 8H e
kQ Q> ( + &
> AH .. {
> “ kH K#X> S#+ , A OA+ kQ Qv ( + & 2 W o 3
.. { ”"#¶ 81 2 K"H 21 '& ( 7 ” .. { kQ Qv ( + – –

2u + u / u& A& " kQ Qv " & 21 ‰;AW 2"
p oYS k& B A i
A" +
nu%#= e
D T+ € + Qv 2 "1v / ;" ( %Q , A+  2 %+ / n + ; S T+ r8
pW
2u Z+ :u"H B; != e B` + EK# ƒ A+ ; "H ”"#| T+ 2"tQv k& y"= . 2 + 1 (g Q + q v i #
(u eu B` + ;AH 2 X> 2* :"H (p!+ d OA+ ” # T+ 2"tQ> k& y"= . kH K#X> i S#"+ 2 g ;A+
. (p!= ¥ x'%= T+ ;Š 2 c+ A+
. ‰;AW 2"
p h ˆ o A = 2"tQ k&

27

A kH K#X> i S#+ 2 ‚%= T+ .+ " 2 K# " .#! A „ ; U eH (!Z e
D > A v y+
. X e 2 % O#+ 2 Q , A*% " kQ Qv ( + " & KH )*% e§
(u ;A A1 H . 2 K# . (%.#LW 5 kl W e b# , ‚%A & K X + “ AK" = .+
'u& < S , b A1 H . b Ga# sY` , G6 b# x8 b ” # > YZ= o K#L 2 , X + , \kw
‚ ul u& x Š AK"H (O & . x Š .+ .%U kH K#X> i S#+ 2 B#= x %#W YGa#+
T+ o W 2 ‚ l & x Š aS (O & š i AK" 1 . i S#+ 2 . R'+
!+ 2
. kQ Qv ( +  L i W e A1 H ¥ . x v ‡ ± k& '& :"H o W bA A1 H i S#+ 2 .=
o u 2 X € _ n S#L “ – A "H k.%1 . 7 @+ ( , kQ Qv ( + FL +  2Qi KW e A1 H ¥
uAH . 7 @+ ( , kH K#X> i S#+ 2 , kQ Qv ( + & 7 – & A U T+ 2"tQv :"H
. ‰;AW 2"
p A""
‚.1 'tA . b# ‚% R'+ .+ & 7 A "H :.% b1
2u1 5 2u*" 2X , M%c (KH ( + œ k& ( o X 2 @ FL + 2 L i W A+ x . AH i c#
P OH> " & š + bAH )*% AK; b"K + 8
+ &'V# R'+ " L > " 2 ‚%= T+ .+
.+ 21 & bAH )*% AK; e
+ . 2 + } "+ A! k!VA+ 2 @A+ Ž A+ MKL= T+ 2 W ˆ Ÿ "
u 5 A K#œ S= , ;# K# e !#L n S#LA+ K# (%.#LW 5 kl W e r K#~ 2 ‚%= T+
21 5 2X , .. 2
!+ 2 W 5 2X , AL+ R g . + . + e i } 5 2X R e§ '& ,
€LA aS9 2 O#+ ‰;A 5 A= + i #Q &' a 21 !1 2 @ 5 2X , AL+ ”"#¶ 81 ; + B
#§ o m
.  !!+ 2 L i W \ % , B&i
1 B;! !| ƒ A+ e B [ + eU + , @AA+ . 2 9 i
1 ; +
. m 8
q P A+
u > 2 Q Q ( H b= 8H b= ˜ # > P "Q
) 2 #w> (X e x A+ 2 Q ,
AH
2%" 2 g .H o H :"H A+  2 .#Q> · (KH ( + " 2 + Š 2 W " %= 2 #w> -.*#= “ & S= e
r8
up Yu` ˆ r8
p kH K#X> n + A "H d S AH e
+ . 2 + } > 2 + † + l A# ,
u u yu+ . aS9 2 O#+ r & # , ( o H .+ y"= o w % .#! b= 8H b= b "Q ˜ # >
.. k #w> x *#+  , 2 ¬ + k*l #w B;A ( ž 2 + † + l B; , L i W
. " 2 .+ 2+aLW " b KL ; ˆ  e B;! , > E r H 1 B;A < ! ¥
2u .+ 2S + 1 B v X 1 # B . " 2 .+ 2 + " 2K« L i W eH k!A > %A+
B;A
+ . o W 2 .+ r 3 2 .+ k .+ X + ";ž > i , 2 .+ r 3 ª i = K"
€u"` \ i r 'u+ " 2 .+ 2+aLW " F .+ . b
A > b 1 R'+ n + '& e B;! , !"#|
ƒ u+ uL i W u 78uV"+ %%Q 2 .+ e ” W L i W 7 ! , FG T+ r .p >
uL i W ) %+ < .p 5 ˆ R'+ & . A+ , W , L i W B;A LKA+ , L i W
u= W " bu= s #uQ " u A + 789 i G R'+ & 2!w A 2!w8 5 PE3 -p 1 ( 2A ;c+
+ #uQ bA ¢ ® < .p > A + r @3  , 2 q+ 2 + + i  5 ˆ R'+ & . k
L=
¥ . 2u .+ 2+auLW eH b%#  €#
& A + o 1 > y+ (® – r .+ e ” W x
\ i & . 78L` + H p+ 2%cH T 1 L+ kH p+ PE3 < .p > \ i 2 .+ e ” W
uKg o l 2 .+ 2+aLW ) [ + eU + , . A c+ L i W F 1 L+ L i W < .p >

28

< .up > %%uQ u r u o H 2 .+ 2 .+ e L i W ” ”"# .1 5 e 2%;#"
1958 2AQ , ¥ SL"1 B L.= i i AH 1947 2AQ 'A 2 L i W eH < .p 8+ L i W
2AQ , ¥ 2 G8q+ o + 2  F U < + i / AH 1959 2AQ , ¥ 2 i Q c o + F AH
”u. 2u"#± iv :u"H 2A ;c+ P + 2 #m 2 W 1970 ¥ x c! > n AH 1961
;u" r K@A E 1 \ i H # B;A
+ ( g Q b= ¦ } > EZ+ l L i W
eu bu+ > '& ( e ” W v & & 2 W 2 %U e ” W :"H 2!"#$ ;A
+ 2 L i
. ‚ .!# – K 2 .+ e B;! , .!# > B& . " 2 .+ " e ! eK#
€ Š € Š '& h « OŸ Y` Ba L i W h « OŸ &YL!= e
D> o & @+ s'&
Au + Y uZ=
x %.W e š + . Œ eH B; L i W x . K " 1 *A " Ba e
, µ u#!#+ &YuL!#+ k!
> K 2 L i W b#1 h H 5 X i b= x8 r o H 2 .+ e b! W bL!
. 2 .+ e ‡ ” W '& }#+ B&Y` A + E"_ š i W x eH 2 c9 ©+ kL i W ¢ #+
u " u 6= kuL i W ¢ #+ e • c n K‘ 2+ ± [ + eU + , P #
+ Πb+'% R'+ Y%
+ ;Š y+
8u1 u 2u+ %# r S eH \ SZ+ ”p • cA+ , )*%+ . 2 .+ e ” W
" B&
\ u# K#u; Yu` A A v . ! (KH & • cA+ n K‘ Y` ! \kw 5 R 6 > ... 8H kL i W
01 & l 2 L i W n €c = 2. .3 7 x § A R ; "H h Of 2 L i W eH £ 1 +
.!# B& K 2 .+ e ” :"H L i W -!# > W : & b "H 2 X> 7 AK; R'+ x 6L+
x uA+ 5 2%LA+ Baw K k .+ x A+ 5 2%LA+ 2 ¬ + k*l Kg
– W . 2 #w> :"H
{ k #w>
nS#uL Bu"1 . bu " u # ” " 2 + Š 2 W " B;K" = > k .+ X + 1 # KA Bv : x . e§
2u O#+ " o + 2 .+ r 3 2 .+ e B;! F
1 . 2 .+ , o 2 @ :"H .#" L i W
.
5
e ”"#’ € ’  € c=  2Qi KW x8 " aS9
1 B n . y+ & .#A ¥ + } "+ ; U K " 2 .+ 2+aLW " d S kL i W
!+ '& 2 
b# ‚ l n "+ X K;1 bA > \:U B;1 r K#~ \ wv & @"+ ¦ } "+ B;!+
. 2u .+ , " 2 uL i 2 @ " e 2 + 2 L i W r\ X . ( %+ '& . – r '+ 2 .+ aw , B >
, 2u + } "+ 2 @A"+ YL!= 8
"/ 8 a= 2 .+ r 3 2 .+ eH + #Q Y` + #Q b+ (
Bu v P p+ (Z#L= T+ o S LW B v 2 !#+ k& kL i W
!+ ; T+ o + 21 l> . 2 .+
kL i W ” W / , Y% G r 21 l k& . 2 q+ = 5 v 2 . i *#+ (X e M1
= T+ oi ;.W
”u K"+ u. %S= F ( 2 ."+ 2 ¡+ X B;1 o + e
= – 21 l> s'& e
+ . k .+ i *#+ r e
Bu" = uK „U u+ i *#+ ‡i , [ ž> &i 2 AU + 2  X}+ e . 2  X}+ r 3 e kL i W
Fu \ Q ¦ † + i K #Q> e i *#+ r 21 5 L i W a= #D A& e . 2Qi KW e L i W
5 2uX , ”u W '& š + . " „U " i / r  KL 2 "% h 2 K " h 2 w h 2
e 2"l AW ˆ .+ 21
b 1 .#" 7 2 + } 8+ k #w -"SA e i} & ( s }#+ 2 .+ , 2 @
r u 3 :.%#uL1 . 2 .+ r 3 2 .+ e R
!+ L i W ” W 8
= eK# > bA
+ . i *#+ (X

29

i *#+ (X e ;# , ; ”+ *#+ kZ%A 2 i / F + 2  X r kL i W
!+ , 2 .+
. q > „U +
'& e q 2‹ (&
buX #® R'+ i .+ AH 2+ %.  . 2 + o + e ” W f . bA oYq 2"q [ + eU + ,
o u + 1 . o u :"H kL i ( ; + kK#A T+ " 2 K " > 2+ + " , b + x *#+ r %"S# k #w> \ A%+
h u.#+ i uU , 2u= !# 2u + x + F W . 2 " 2 gEX 2 K " 2  e L i ; + @A 2 +
;u"%. . uQ Q ; + K#A T+ x "+ %= r !# o + e 2 + x + , L i W ” 01 R c# >
o #H -./ i . " s " " , " 2" + 2.%S"+ " ;../ o g 1 e i . W %= B; ;1 B;
uL‘ Tu+ 2 i #Q + 2Z c+ f %"S >  "%. e '+ . ;"% 2 + 6LW i w 2 + 2 v , 2" + 2.%S+
. 2 + } > l i *#+ ‡i , o " 2;%X " " 2 + P p+ ˆ " nK‘ T+ 2Z c+  "%. ( 2 v o
u! L i W ”. ; 1 . f 2" K + ; 2!+ *#W 2 ;c+ 2 + } > l 2  SL"1 / ; G
u ( g uQ 2+ X R p%+ S #Q> . 2 + } > l kW + £ c+ r i S= n 2 8c+ -L#
o u :"H 2 H 2+ ( , L i W ;A ”.  y"#1 2 + o + ;# 8H oi *#W iv Yc
( YZ# ƒ K"W n + W . M *c+ ” W b ± kgEŠ B; " ƒ K"W n + " F%q R'+ ” W
!"#| b 1 2Qi KW x8 " aS9 2 O#+ " 2" c3 %= h 5 h e ”"#’ .+ y"= e B;! 01 h
.
S L= T+ " 2 .+ r 3 " 2 !#+ b "H R SA= & 2 ."+ kL i W B;!+ 2 %"Q :"H 2+> '& e q
" uL i W B;! AH . „U + i *#+ (X e M1
= T+ " 2 .+ r 3 " ;"Z#L= P p+ :"H
G f K;! > R . Ž 2 2 + 1 2 e k&  ž 2 i /
= e
D K 2 H
= e
D " 2 .+
" … ... |i = F
= ƒ A+ e 2H " b a ” 7 X œ 2 v :.%= (%.#LW nA ,
, 2u + } "+ 2u @A+ r k& . h E#+ R eK# > %"Q " \ K# " 2 .+ :.%= ƒ A+ o , s G 7
.(6o .1)2 .+
bu "³ W .%U 2 .+ r 3 e B;! L i W ' a . 2 .+ , 2 L i 2 @ kL i W
!+ .#!
,8
1 (l A= )+ q+ – + , 2 .+ r 3 €"` F W . 2 + † + l ‡i W r i S= 2Qi KW r i l
B;! e
+ . i *#+ ‡i , 2 .+ ˆ ."+ G \ !" L i W 01 ¦ } > i K #Q> l i *#+ ‡i
. (u& O#+ 5 2 %"Q . 2 > 5 2 %"Q . R g . + ˆ #LW :"H 2 .+ 5 2%LA+ Kg 2 %"Q (@#Q
;A r81> e > " 2 oi l "  4 Ÿ 2 %"Q . # 6 " 2 .+ r 3 n ”+ *#+ 4 Ÿ 2 %"Q
o u " 2 + Š 2 W " v . 2 .+ e N O#+ ” W '& Y` S#L > L i W . e
¨ F c ,
. k #w> i S#+ ;# 8H 2 .+ 2. . L i W B" = eH
Bu;¨ \ S ` 2 .+ i U , (
+ \ .#+> 5 L i W e Yq <8S e ® R
!+ i c.+ '& x E
eu B;! , 2% + i 'X R'Z x E ( . 2 +  r U e b "H i B& ( 2 o E~ 2 + 2 v
, \ u.#+> v y+ . [ + eU + , 2 .#+ 2 .+ ˆ .+ (g c1 e 2"l A 2" c1 Bf % < 2 .+ .+
ku!
> buA
+ ˆ .+ o # 2;%X , ”+ *#"+ k!
‡ #p H l 2 gEŠ 2 " W 2Qi KW 2 Q
u ž uL i W \ u.#+ ˆ 8
qK1 . 2 g .H o :"H > 2 i q+ o + h .= > 2 i q+ ˆ .+ o +

30

L i W n #w> .+ bX ) i *#+ ‡i 2 Q , > B# > Á 2 .#+ 2 + ˆ .+
 u*A “u – (u% e ¢ K 2DEŽ + – 2 k;#A= e
+ . ;g !" 2 + } > & #p H
. kK " > f8Z#Q> \ S` b= kL i W
!+ f . . 2 .+ 2 *"+ 2 W 2 K " > ˆ .+ 5 L i W
" 2u €;u#"= 5 ... 2 #w> BQ 2 + c! > ;! f i} . « SS$ V + «E;Xa .*#"
uA oaO1 '# 2 .+ P i , \ .#+> 5 1 2 ;c+ ;#! " 2 + } > l ˆ " 2 H
. Yc r o 2 H 2
š u u"’ " 2u K " > " , o 2Q i e b" kL i W
!+ "| o Eœ 2 , % ` š +
o & u? d up B;! kL i R x ® > 2 K " > h ;!W ” = e r !W o 1 L i W
euS! > u% ` š + .. { o + § x . > 2 #w> § oYLW , % ’ i v q € "= T+ 2 K " >
i uc eu \Eà [ + € p+ e \EX i qt#Q „ = K 1 „ = T+ 2 K " > 5 [ + eU + , L i W
i u® e '+ b";ž > x8Z#Q> x
w e (
w k& [ + € p+ 2 . [ + eU + , ˜ # > r
€ Z+ e š + . ‚.1 2 Z+ i e & 1 H T+ x
wv , B;L! c® > b+
w ( , x8Z#Q>
uL i W ‰;A 2 + Š 2 W v . % ` š + . > ...{ B .= L i W c n† F/ 2 K " > µ =
\ uA o u. 2 .+ A1 H > k Xi h & o . 2 K " > k& B;K" e
D > 2 .+ k& B;K" – R'+
. k #w
u .+ Ž š® . 2 oi L . oY% oi L [ + eU + , L i W b R'+ R
!+ " ¾ !+ " '&
7 uH \ uQ u Yuc < 1i – k .+ -"SAW e – B 2 v s'f \ A L i W }# e '+
i K #uQ> eu i *#+ ‡i , ˆ .+ ”+ / 7 e§ . s
h b 1 #H s 1 – h '& L i W
(& O# „ > '& e
+ . 2 .+ e b 1 !+ *#W Œ ” e
K; bKH €ž Y% €L 2 ;c+
2 \ H ˆ Q ;A !#L – 2 i G b+ F [ + eU + , 2 K " > € X 5 L i W e Yq  §
. 2 #w> (X e x A+ q i .+ r ' <¯ H 2 + o + <¯ H K . [ + L >
oYq
+ B« *= e B` + [ + eU + , F+ U T+ 2 Y& KŠ B;#+EH e L i W i / '& ,8= e
D >
– ˆ K 1 – '& 5 - U > .
#
= " \ .#+ š + g .H \ .#+ 2 + 2 .+ L i W :.#+ >
eu ug .H u ž ! !. ” B;K" > R'+ ( 2 + Š 2 W ) \:U 9 B;O;A X a >
. 2Qi KW B § (% ‰;AW 2"
p ( > b + - U> R . 2 .+ 2 3
. ) 3 e £ l W '& , bAH ¢ *# '& (X e
" #w H " Ž *% a1 2 #w> .#+ h B;L! n .+ ;l -%Q " 2 1 .G oi G " s'&
Fu 01 . (g v k .+
!+ o'= Q e 2" U AQ s K" = K 2 ."+ ¦ } "+ h ;!W ; 1
uK 2 #uw8+ R W h ;!W ; 1 ® " H #w " *%c 5 L i W R 6#Q oi q+ s'& (q
u ¦ uŠ i S#+ . Ri q+ i S#+ '& "%. B; "H 01 (g v 2 L i W o'= Q e 2" U AQ s K" =
u :"H A!"# + “  O#"+ 2" 2 L i W a 7 #H> e 81 . B&i
1 L i W bA F"! e
D>
2u A o X i
1 h ( b + 7 = (K#® – 2 L i W S= ˆ e§ . > h & ‘ Á
e B;L! L i W e ”  . „` R
1 ¢ = 5 \ K# > 2 !+ ~ 2 L i i
1  x . ¥ ;O;AW
R 2u @A"+ Ri uq+ S#+ " B;% « " > L i W € '& , š + . 2 L i W 2 @A+ 2Qi KW ,  ‘

31

U $ e i *# “ 2 @ 5 o A#L Kg 2Qi KW (@= “ .= 2* ;A q & 5 H & ‘
. aS9 2 O#+
. & O# 5 oi G &i S eW “ kL i W ¢ #+ eH \ AZ#Q> bX R :"H „ > 2 L i W  ‘
;uA
+ 2u + X k& ) e 2* * k;1 . ;" aS FL + " 2 + Š 2 W " & aSV"+ kQ Qv i cW (
¦ Š (3 v y+ . 2* *
#+ 2 + q
= >  '& „ . 2 k& ) e 2* * FL +
e 2 H o " b a !AW eg
+ y+ " L > "
) . L > &
!+ o W ΠA#"+ M *c+
uQi D Au + 'A L i W e Yq v e n + . i S#+ , kQ Qv ( + & " o W \ '+
‰;uAW M *uc= > :u.% 81 . kH K#X> i S#+ 2 3 g .+ i + 'Ž L 8+ B "L#+ e ƒ Q :"H Bf 
. K# bL! L > 2 ‚% R'+ .+ 7 a y+ 2Qi KW n < c +
. ( " b1 AQ &
. -*#L ¨ q @# > 6Q bX e A+ > b1 (%

32

C4C
k 8Q> ‰;AW

¢ #+ eH 2 . C12
, … … 2 W 2 + qW 2 + Š 2 + } "+ 2 K#3 eH b1 d S r @A+ ‰& AW eH ¢ *# AH
%&'u1 B;G u= "& ‘ B&i 'X .1 e '+ :"H ƒ A+ Œ B ¯ # kH K#X> A i¯ S= ” 21 W 2+ m
B& 8 K #Q e '+ B& i v LA B&i
1 B;A i #L P Z+ R
! AH 21 W LK#"
euH !
e+ h + B "" > B& "l P Z+ R
! . e H B«i  KS B;# +
& #Q + ® B« Q :"H @1 ® ( "#+ 'Ž Q ( "#+ 'Ž Bv . q % h 5 B;" "=
5 H : ( , 2%l `  A 2! H A 2!U H o H bX . % + n c > o L+
. ". = B#A + b#1 + / 21 5 P Z+ B
18Q -%Q .1 \kw ( 1 = B
G =
K#œ + . Ÿ %U | Ba B;L! H | e '+ > ;"& O# 81 Yq i c 2 + 2 v , f o H y"=
ƒ uA+ u f o H (& O#A1 A# , ƒ A+ :"H k" #L £ ¶ £ ¶ A+ kZ%A > e§ . 2 v s'& Y`
. € OA1 ;#OA1 b%#A ( . Yq i c
€u`i + “ n S#L (& . b KAA+ ( ‚.1 b1 A+ > AG = 5 , %` i A :"H > -!#A+
u i v :u"H u G -u!#A+ .b 1 :.% bG = e
+ bL! ‚+ Z .. { bG = eH ª"LA si 'X )#ž
ƒ i :u"` (u U F 5 X #* Q – + :"H o L+ " ¯EH " , 2" U  e '+ e '+ e K #LW
u."# Bu& B;g u , x E " Œ v (X + < != "  . p%+ o LW K" # + 2 i
;L! 2 i v r K#~ €" , iv e oYq £ . , P p+ ;l ’ T+ i *#+ ‡i , 2 i c+ ƒ i +
:"H K"
#W \ K" + e A18Q ;p ; U ;AH AG / T+ 2
!+ .+ Π:"H Y -!#A+ .
(u#.+ u 5 F"u r H ƒi €& ' ; 1 Bf F 2 q+ 2 8 W ”+v 2 (% < S nQ
i u
1v eu Yqu 5 u i R
! e Yq .%Q A18Q e Yq 7 . o
!"+ i c# x #.+
5 h & 1 -%Q ¦ EZ+ . " X + o " 21 5 ri ; -%Q [ H e e + km 7 . r @A+
5  A %uQ -%Q kL+ > x } X e . " 2 !AW " 21 5 A#X B + -%Q wi e . " 2 %%L+ " 21
21 5 ri
-%Q A Q e . " i S#+ " 21 5 e i -%Q [ i !+ . " d + o W o " 21
R 8 W nQ #+ .+ 'A b 7 . … … " 2 |i #+ 2 W " 21 5 š i -%Q " e . " 2 "
”up# R LW b#Qi e 2 e e ( 2 %L " + X i v eOL (%

33

7 . … … Q A& iv ‚ ƒ   Y%+ 5 = 2 Š eH o
1 A Q e ‚%A#Q 2  +
}Š ƒ A+ K"H !c+
# 2+ c+ €S+ 2H A ap ‚g 9 †i • + H # A18Q
" šKp+ h " v h † 2
"!+ B« Q i , " !c+ " 7 ( . … … r ³ ` "+
" R #pW h " š K9 h " i SH h " \ iv h " ª W h " \ G8q+ h " K.+ h " AGv h
. xE= – £ %Q> h v \ † & ."U i > ; #1 " (  h " F%L+ h " o &E+ h " 2 KŠ h
. b 1 # i v Πb1 X b1 '& (
i 5 & A". ¥ & A — .%Q eKH 21 W i ' A"] K A k& 2+aLW — . A& FL + ;" 2+aLW e
+
KW , 4` 2 % 2%= oi "% 2+ .c oi S# ˆ o Ž k.#" A 01 & KA1 i v & ."=
h u.#+ , FK;uQ T+ B v ( (q e§ ( b "H "!S# 21 K"+ i e (;A > e§ . 2 Ac+ , e.=
2 p%+ 5 h . ¥ b KAA+ AG = x i bA !#L A. e   L > ¢ #+ , \ w Ri 3
bu + ” u A X K" AG = eH A .# e '+ :" 1 . b . 5 21 l ˆ o
. & i e A18Q T+ - L+ y"= b + F;# i U  e ."SA b KA
. 2 e '&
e '+ l ;l ¶ 2 i l 2 , x'% ;X ( x .= 2K" FL + AG = 5 o + 01 ˆ 2 e
:"H oi .W e
+ ¢ #+ i #X :"H oi .W FL + A& o} + . ¢ #+ y+ e V"L i 'X S.
A OH . c + ‡i Ž i = T+ Gv 2 l nAc+ 2A.# 2*"Q> r ' > ; 1 c#A e+ 2 y"= . bg —
:"H °1 § A y+' . X A9 h # !+ r g U bX „ > w % x # , K*#" e i %W 2+ S%
Ri u3 R *#+ (%. AH ‚.1 b S#L ( · c+ ”"L+  $ 5 P f '& n S#L e+ A 01 b KA AG =
. b= a b= H  ¶
.  ;X 2+aLK"+
A AL+
5 A! A nK1 . 2 i K #Q> o S L+ F/ 2+'W ;H e s AGi R'+ " Ä.A+ € Ÿ " Œ bX &
21 .q+ . 2"%
x E= Bf .H . %H + E A Yq > ˜i 9 e A "H 2l !W 2 % + Y%
B;G u= e "O| B« Q B;K"H > s e 1 > R'+ B;|i = K;# B;1 . K #LW ;` T+
7 u 2 #
> o
!+ "%. > . p#LW B;K"H bA 1 H + “ t w bA 1 > R'+
. u i v bu+ u x .+ + . W X — i ,
!W b+ ¨ 'V# ;AH 2 # 2 A =>
5 – Ri – A R 6 Q % + 2 A&' kH K#X> A Y Z= A#+ m . 2"" 21 % A& i *#+
YuZ e+ . b= i A "H  ! n S#L eW o L+ Å H E;_ A , ;  n S#L eW .+
. %H A v %H (@AL1 A# „ e A= Q
A nA e
= 'tA t w e
. 2 e '&
M%c 2 i v oi 3 2"1 5 BA kH K#X> A Y Z= \ i e A KU :c 01 ˆ 2 e
‡ # o B;A e Xa#Q + B; , Yc nA+ . 2+ ± \ AH e AL! k! A 5 a1 i K#œ
e A ! . oY% 2 ' A& 2 3 %= . " ! Ÿ 2 i q B;1 B« K#œ ` K A K#œ 2` Bf
Y Z#+ 2 "KH e q t w eK# Y Z#+ 'Ž Y` " e§ " A „ kH K#X> A " e§ " ¯ Z (X
> p% A= L‘ 2 O#Q eK# . [ + eU + , b= %"Q b= ž (
[ i v ª i #+ i
= e q «

34

& y+ . :"H AH e 21 l ¥ s E_ e W i # eK# . -"9 eH !
S#L
A + a AH A# :"H \kw ( (% 21 l> y"= ” #= . YcW g A%+ e W e§
:"H i i}
uA  A=i u. F"w T+ ”"V#+ o S L+ AKS + b#1 l :"H i A   L > h .#+ 5 b! 
s A";X AG = A"& ‘ i 'X Aqq#X 2 i 3 bA  e A|i = A` 1 8
*#L % £ A# & . 8
U
. = Bf
Œ1 A kH e '+ r " !S+ ." A . ¥
. £ l > 2 ; >
: B" + e + C13
.8
U @# R'+ x 6L+ d SA+ ‰;AW 2"
p 5 2 9 2 .W s'&
2 + } "+ :KL 1 (% B« K#œ ƒ A+ i U ” { pH ƒ L+ .+ (% iv B ( != F
‡ '1 ‰;A oi
A Y` r i  e 7 5 & i U . … ... 2 W 2 + qW 2 + Š
5 B& uS r ‰& A 2‹ F . n + S#+ ‰;AW oi l e 2 %+ 'A s AKH W 2Qi KW e € '
=
.. { B& S R'+ K1 Ri 3 h .#+
. e + B" + (% . e + : k& 2 X>
‰;A 2Qi KW x8 eK1 . n + Y Z= ; U " 2 K"H " 2"tQ eH r X > ( > F .+
V#uQ . oYqu ‰g u#A+ oYq %Q 1 H . %%Q \kw (
+ 2 %+ 'A ƒ A+ 7 H ( aS9 2 O#+ )
'uA b Y` . 2Qi KW x8 e KA= B;#1 “ 2 %+ 'A . B« X e Yq £ %w , d OA B;#1
uf 2%%L ˆ o &\ i a " A »1 " %%Q f 1 ¢ / & ? \ w @ >  2 %+
. \ † e \ w " ˆ .+ " " o .+ " y"= †
" h u + " h ;!W '& .. 2 + 2Qi KW e ;1 H K 2 K#3 :"H L > kH + a= 2 %+ 'A > F
1
. h u;!W 'uŽ A iv :"H L (
+ 6 AA
D . L (
1 e \EX h + “ x E e "+
. \ p eK 1 bL! , a#+ '& }#| e n S#L
B" + ”  e B` + & @+ \ w> 2 ‚%= T+ .+ 21 , (&'W h .#+ e B` + b v y+
2 %S+ :"H L > ;Qi D T+ o .+ o S L+ e B` + .+ y"= e E 7 p# > 2H L+ -g 1 x Ÿ
\ w> ‡ / T+ " o .+ " 2 & eH 2 %+ 'A ƒ A+ (Zw R'+ x 6L+ 01 & !p# T+ ."+ V#Q
‚ l e Yq 7 e§ . i %# > 2 O#+ k!A+ r %GÆ+ 2" 2 X . 2 K"H 2 X 5 .#! x E & @+
x E R . k;#A= ” 2 3 r ” eH 2 K"H 21 t w 7 > A
+ « & ‘
+ , 2 3
eH . E 1 # W F"c! . xE – b > 2 K" + 21 W F L= K" -  – H & . – H . E 1 # K"+
'& , X b# 7 p# + ® " & K " X + n " # ƒ A+ (% AH B" +
. > X + F ¯ T+ o .+ eH kl W , )*%+ 5 2X (%.#LW , b - .*#+ B; !

L (
+ . ƒ A+ (Zp= 2 xE= – . E 1 # W e
+ . 21 W e E 5 B" + <8S > 2 . x c! > '&
e bL! :"H b S :"H 2"tQ e . E # W b S= :"H 2 ! 2 A"H 2 2 X s
'& e"H
" e 6 " & . b%%Q 7 > ; + AL ;1 ;† e
K; " o " b + . " X + Q" eH 2"tQ

35

B&Y` e D ( *"W š + r '+ 2 & +v 2"
p , K"H b#%q n S#L > b v % ` D s AQ 2*c
i %# > B D r %G eH EX H B;" . X Y` ½ a " A 6 " B& . X ½ a " e 6 " B&Y` .
e '+ yt+ " „ + b%c = " ˆ Ÿ bA = ˆ Ÿ H B;" A # A 6 K 1 B;" .2 K" + 2 O#+
. ½ X
AH e + 2"
p ¸" Ba B;L!
kZ%A 81 . ) 3 '& , AK; & &i S= o 3 B@A (c#= T+ ;
, v R #L=> '&
h8Q> eH K 1 ¢ *# e§ . ¢ *# r '+ e R eH § 8U " e + " eH '& ¢ *#
[ u + n + 2 |i = 2 8H h8QÆ+ v ( €L*1 ) 3 A+ MKL bAH 7 A v > . *#+ bX :"H
e 'u+ u 2uA 6W 2 v s'& Y& ! q EX ;"& ‘ ;";X 2 8H k& sY Z= A"Zp R'+
> ;A 7 k!
Yq
+ 2 8 + y"= e 7 AQ . ; "H \8 #Q> ;AH 2 Z+ n e  %U |
(ug % e B& + / 2 L > oi 3 , K;Q B«i  A oYq r K#œ B; K#œ i U P +
. b# i F/ h8Q> BQ E_ E_ K#Q Ri q+ x A+ e x8 o 2 5 2!"#$ P w
Tu+ r @A+ y"= 7 (% E_ E_ ” : & b "H 2 Xj e v bA P ; > R'+ x 6L+
.. { & A1 H > si S= 2 ` :"H k.#" n S#L > A [ + A K#œ S#+ 2 > ;#1 BHE
: x .A1 ;#_ x 6L+ '& :"H 2 Xj ,
k 8Q> ‰;AW C14
, ƒ A+ ( #+ h
e € Š y+ b 1 . 2 & +> 2"
pŸ (c# R'+ k. E 1 # W € Š y+ h8Q> ,
R u
!+ ¢ #+ , b1 K €&'W eH ) 3 Y% #+ k& 2 @A+ . 2 @A+ 2"
pŸ (c# R'+ B& 6w
‰;uA k 8Q>
!+ e 7 k" K 1 x § — . ‰;AW eH ) 3 < S , 8 > 8 . k 8Q>
. k 8Q>
!+ , kH K#X> i S#+ " -SA " kH K#X> i S#+ , K"LW
eu ° 8A+ . 2 K# . & @+ \ w> 2 › % . " 2 K#3 " k& A1 H K ‰;AW r8
p 5
u
!+ , 2"K #L k& K " eAL+ " Y% = " š A+ " Y% = b#+> , R L b"K #L K " .+ " Y% =
h u@ › % e h8Q> '’ .1 . K"L :.% s
A B"LW e
D> h8Q> , "2 K#3 " 01 b "H . k 8Q>
" . x %#= > eAQ r  e
+ , " a# 5 ƒ A+ H . A 6 > e '+ :"H 2O bL r %G
+
. ( 77 : \ Q> ) " 8 %= A#AL+ ‘ > " . ( 62 : P E > ) " 8 %= ½ 2AL+ ‘ e+ " e '+ , ½ 2AQ
uA#% kQ i ; 1 A .+ & iv ˜ 1 e f & A  & A A ” B; 1 \ KL+ 5 @A B"1 "
( X d % > -+ 1 " . ( 99 : h > ) " b A ‹ s ‹ 5 @ " . ( 7 6 : < ) " ‰ Ž ˜  ( e ; 1
2 .+ h 5 Q ( "+ B
"H ½ ( X B# i ( " " . ( 69 : h > ) " %L K.+ šKp+ A
Q ( "+
½ Yu` b+ e 2 .+ h 5 Q i ;A+ B
"H ½ ( X B# i ( . KL= 81 \  B
=a ½ Y` b+ e
P AH e r AX r i O# nS iv , " . ( 72 71 : Äc.+ ) " c%= 81 b 1 A
L= ( " B
=a
bu=  eu " . (4 H + ) " ( v , Œ :"H ; (! \ Ÿ :.L A Y` A ( § £i
AX a1 \ \ KL+ e xE ½ = – " . ( 22 : h + ) " B
+ B
#AL+ 78# iv r KL+ -"
h u > P u+ ƒ A+ e Q € `  + ”"#$ ] Œ X x %Š e  + !"#$ r ‹ b

36

: 2u G Š ) " B
." , A 6K"+ r iv r KL+ , " . ( 28 27 : U 1 ) " y+' b + ”"#$
xEu ƒ A+ n!A Ÿ *%+ , R ‘ T+ y"!+ i ;A+ ( "+ 78# iv r KL+ -" , " . ( 43
\ KL+ VLW P *L+ d + ” c= 2 ( e ; 1 ) « iv b a1 \ e \ KL+ e ½
20 : r i 'u+ ) " B
L! , A K"+ r  iv , " . ( 164 : o .%+ ) " ". h .+ r iv
) " u". = B
" + b=  B
+ ½ % y+' " . ( 53 : F"c1 ) " B;L! , < 1> , A=  B; AQ " . ( 21
© uc ƒ A+ B " = :"H i c.

 .+ r  e Y% % X _ '
& . … … ( 242 : o .%+
+ " :  b# :"H ½ X :"H 8
+ '& e ' a & . B
m h @ < L= e
+ , ˆ “w
. ( 22 : \ % > ) " = L!+ ½ > 2f K; 1
& @+ \ w> 2 › %
A Bv > 2 K#3 , F" T+ r @A+ 1 k 8Q>
!+ P ¯# Œ
5 2u K#3 AQ0 @!#* + r @A+ y"= si .= K 2 K#3 i c
A Bv x %#= > š 2 K# .
u A K k 8Q>
!+ e ² &8+ € Š '& µ A > – A& – A W .
+ -" , b#  &i %#H ½
i ucW 5 2u K#3 AuL (
+ ‡ # n S#L A 01 2 *"+ 2 . E 1 # W r }#+ 2p A eH (% e A "’
o uH eK# kH K#X> Y Z#+ , K"LW ( + R'+ ‰;AW :"H k.#" ¥ b " e 6 " R'+ k. E 1 # W
. x %#= > ;# + 1 4 Ÿ " K# " & @+ \ w> 2 ‚%= AAQ š 2‹ k& 5
‡i u , B;O;A x K
#Q> o Of 5 v .+ x8 h8Q>
! ˆ c= 2 K#3 B "L#+ '& < S ,
u ΠuA= e % : ) 3 '& 2 'A A"Zp= T+ 2"
pW x ri  ”A + 2 c9 2Z+ 2
1
i # > }Š 2"
pŸ k 8Q>
!+ ª i = , F1 H . 2 L > o i> 2 kH K#X> i S#+ 2 K#
.o H ƒi 5 K"
#W 2!Q8!+ \ ;.!+ FKL
AuL= u +  .+ r  e + 5 '& , A#Q 2 L > o i> 2 Z+ .1 " 2 }Š " i c
96 : r 1 c+ ) " "K = B
." ½ " .i > f o i > o L > ( / ½ 5 K; " ( !+ o ij
" ( 29 28 27 :
#+ ) " ½ \ p > \ p= B .#L B
A \ w eW W "+ > & " . (
e e y i \ w + " ( 29 : L > ) " ½ \ p > \ p= 8 %Q b i 5 '’ \ w eK1 o '= s'&
… ( 7 : o .%+ ) " BŽ " :"H ½ B# " . ( 99 : š ) " A 6
“ ƒ A+ s
= F a1 iv ,
. …
x u%#= > 2uK
m eAL X + › % B;K "L= nK1 ( i # > ( !+ :"H L > oi ) " 2 i .+ " i c
2 + tuL h u uL j n= T+  .+ r  e '& :"H ;p#Q L j 5 ( !+ o ij AQ
› uA ku& i u # > , 2 3 ƒ Q :"H ( ! i #| 2 + tL L ( (¯K/ q e i # >
2!S e L > A." " . ( 29 : ”;
+ ) " !
"1 \ w e e 6 "1 \ w eK1 B
i e -3 ( " . 2 + tLW
bu+ (u _ – " . ( 3 2 : L > ) " i ! w ( %L+ s A & . Yc † s A" O1 b "#% ˜ p
e bG , b+ E o ¢ e " . ( 8 7 : o .%+ ) " e OA+ s A & #!w L+ A H
(u " . ( 17 : 1 u` ) " F%uL Ÿ š! ( ˆE‘ h + " . ( 20 : ˆi p+ ) " ;A b=\ + ¢
o .%+ ) " F%L# ; "H F%L f ; Q > L! ½ ”"
> " . ( 21 : i S+ ) " &i €L Ÿ \R
. ( 54 : š ) " "K = B#A > E‘ > " . ( 286 :

37

< uS , 2 L > o i> 2 B;1 : 2+aLK"+ M *c+ nl + 5 R # YLH
> • cA+ 2 \ 
u
1 . G u± x . K oi + < S , 2 3 B;1 h + < S , • 9 B;1 . bL ½ „Q 2 K#
i #| :"H ƒ A+ oi .W x v › p+ k& x %#= > T+ X + eAQ & L‘ K 2 f> oi .W & R +
( %#"+ b# " h H › p+ y+ r %q B;A G 1 ƒ A+ . " ! -+ & bX + '& :"H ½ . " !
u -u ./ , u.1 i . ½ eAQ E#" i . . ( !+ i # > eH B;# + 6L :"H " ! i #|
.
R'+ (%.#LW ƒ A+ i c# + 2 > 2 K#3 ( ) " : A".+ ) 3 '& Ž R ž T+ 2Z"+ R + '& ¾ c Atw +
'u& nu. u R'+ (%.#LW ..* + ;# + 1 › w YZ + sY Z= , " # – " " B& @#A
h u#§ u 7 i . š A+ .+ y"= B; # B;K"H :"H ” # y+'1 n. > 8
1 (%.#LW
eu Y` b+ 01 (% e 8
1 s A" & s ¯ Z n S#L n + 2 ‚%= T+ š A+ .+
R'& B;W 21 W i c B; 81 e + 5 AQ kK" + )*%+ - U eH s !p# P Z+ R
!
. K"LW ‰;A e 2 G o H
\ uwv u x u%#W YGa#+ < S , : k& ¦ Š ‰;AW i S= eH ) 3 e & A1 H T+ 2q+ q+ 2"
pW ²a= ¥
… { i S#+ , kQ Qv ( + & & @+
" %#uQ (uO & AH "2 + qW " Pi .= " ( .= " k 8Q>
!+ , e ;#~ Œ Ž x K " 2 }Š "
Y` . 2 + qW , v L e '+ b + eS! > & . k 8Q> ‰;AW 5 2 + qW €LA= e
D> " 2 }Š
˜ u# > r 2 %S+ o W BHE= T+ 2+ .W . 2 W Œ1i , nU ;1 + q š + ‰;AW b
k 8Q>
!+ v y+ k 8Q> ‰;AK"+ 2 A 2+ . kH K#X> i S#+ 2 , " kQ Qv ( + " k& 2 W
(H !+ & L j
2 W 2 %S+ L j x %#W YGa#+ < S , b :"H “ 2 %+ 'A .#L
s'u& :"H 2+> "+ " o VL+ " Y% =  .+ (K #L . b" 1 £ l 2 W 2 %S+
= .. " i¯ SW " ¯ ZW n c+
½ ˆ u= – " . sY Z= eH x 6LW i .+ R W b n & L > :"H 2+> + R Y% = & . 2 8 +
y"W ) " > + iv B
+ ( X R'+ & " . ( 65 : ‰3 ) " s a *%+ , R ‘ y"!+ iv , B
+ VQ
šKp+ B
+ VQ " . ( 32 : B & ) " i > B
+ VQ s a *%+ , R O#+ y"!+ B
+ VQ " . ( 15 :
u U uK3 buA " au#+ *%+ VQ R'+ & " . ( 33 : B & ) " i ;A+ ( "+ B
+ VQ %g K.+
: 2u G Š ) " iv , r KL+ , B
+ VQ " . ( 14 : (*A+ ) "  L%"= " bA X V#L=
YuZ “ h . YZ > ½ " . ƒ A+ YZ= > YZ# e+ n + e t w ,  .+ nS. . … … ( 13
uA& e . ( 117 : & ) " *"c ;"& B"@ ˆ .+ y"; + y i " . ( 11 : H + ) " B;L!
¼ .= 7 ;#L= oi'm o ' o w 2 & o  r  , L Æ+  .+ b + R'+ '!+ h K#&> y+
. " ; 1 ”"V#Q " T+ iv :"H kH K#X> i S#+ 2 3 g .+ i + " 3 "
+ L j
: H ¢8G , bc V"= e
D k 8Q> ‰;AW & y+
. 2 K# š . ;# 2S%A & @+ \ wv ( : >
. b Y Z= , L >
2 K#3 s'& < S , : K; G
. bAH x 6LW Y Z#+ :"H i .+ & s L > : K;q+ G

38

i S#+ 2 , ( #+ eH ƒ A+ ”
b A1 H R'+ ¦ } "+ ‰;AW k 8Q> ‰;AW  O# 2q+ q+ o H .+ s'& ,
, oYqu x u ¦ } "+
!+ , . k %S+ .+ s † 5 ;%LA 2 . E 1 # 2 g ` :"H >
= kH K#X>
> 2u H K#X 2 }X (qD ¦ } "+ ‰;AW A1 H .1 2 g Z+ y"#+ YL!= e . ½ o i & k %S+ .+
. k 8Q> ‰;AW :"H 2% ` 2 }Š . ( 6 o .1 ) 2 %U 2 }X v ;A !
i + 'Ž s s ! n + S= , L > i s a= b!p
Q Q E K#W ‰;AW '& R & :"H b B;W
. 2 up%+ ª i = , G 2 H K#X> r i q+ -KH e o % K"LW e 2" FH S#Q bAH b# + 6L
'1 != 2 |i #+ ;1 ? , F 2 i  o \ A 5 5 v 2 "& Š o e (.#A= ;"
P w FH S#Q
AuQ 5 2X B;! ‚%= " 2K " M% a1 ƒ A+ kH , ‰;AW .#Q 2Qi KW e 2" U x8 .
\ #&> q %+ \:S|> R'+ E KW   L > n S+ y+ h8Q> (? , F T+ r i 3 r K#Q bA „
u uL + B n Ri 3 B;|i = A ƒ 2 #p " 2K .+ " y"= F ” 7 bA . b +
'u& , G6 b & :"H E_ K 1 \ w
1   L > ‰;AW 2* :"H o 3 2Qi ¨ , .#+ . K"L
. b#1 i c , B;18# 2 i pW \ ."+
u bu . YZ# “ n + Y Z#+ ž b c= e > L > i / 5 21 l> b „Z+ ª i #+ y+ e B" #
K"uLW e 2" " 2" FH S#Q ” : B @ + ƒi + y+ B" # . bAH x 6L sY Z= :"H i b 01 n +
. " K"uL= K"uQ " o U " iv , e %#LW o #H 5 i' 2" .+ \ *c+ €" e q %
Yu` . 2u + q i'A+ y"= %= F ;. ./ 2 + 6L (K® b# ` 7 R'+ L > 2.G ˆ Q ƒ . (

u b 8
g %= F T+ 7 @+ ( e B` + b# ` - ./ :"H L > oi . F%q “ )%" > ª i #+
. 2 +  A? T+ i'A"+ & %#LW nV 1 .
{ "p1 W C15
{ kH K#X> B; .= 2" , – – K"LW (p1 W
. 2* * Y` b#Z v > x 6L+ M*c
Tu+ r K#~ F pH ƒ L+ .+ 2  501 . 2 |i #+ b1 ? e œ q % (p!+ eH ) 3
(%.1 . o W r K#~ e &Y` e !"’ q e
= – ( v :"H .  nK#œ R e .= q h8Q> ;"
Ri u3 E K#"+
m ;1 & , ;K@ , & , ;qH , 2 % "c+ P 3 F – 8
q – ª i #+ y+
bu# #X K *# nK#œ d #X x / 2 2X %= F . 1 W e # W R
L + x . >
‚g uQ ˆ u 2U Q F 2 % "c+ P 3 y"= i
AW e š + . o }+ x ZW ;Aw &Y` 2X
Ful !1 2u i v ˆ u.+ r H “ 2  Œ³ – b k!A > '& . i 5 P + e oi 3 x .#
– uŸ u;K § > y+ n . 2 + † i 2X y"= 7 e§ . K"L Y` K"L – + :"H « S Q
– u + r % #Q .1 . L 8+ o H – + F #X T+ r X W w e F  e e q > b1
h u.#+ , yuw > . b 1 yw > kK"H h .= o ‹ F 5 v «ap ,  x . ( + † + %H e Å Ã
: b#Z
= :"H (p!+ eH x 6L+ d U Mc ‚.1 A& ”"V#+ A& . Ri  h .= kK" +
{ B« K#œ eH £ 1 + , K"LW (p1 W

39

u1 – Bv ( K"L Bv "p! – "p1 e '+ . K"LW (p! – x . ‰;AW eH ) 3 '& ,
b+ K
#uQ Bf ‡ = ‰;AW šQ B; nl h8Q> v y+ . Ž \ 1 + 2 + 6L h8Q> Bf ‡ = r + 6LŸ
. b+ K #Q
;u# + 1 › w 21 ;1 p# Bf ‡ = K# & @+ \ w> 2 ‚%= š 2‹ B;K"H
. ; V#Q
2 ! 21 & \ KL+ iv AH 7 p# Bf ‡ = Bf VL \ KL+ iv , ( B;K"H
. B« ij &YVL=
r u
B; r8
p 7 p# Bf ‡ = :"H B; S= eH + 6L i B B;K"H
. Y Z#+ '& 2 ` sY Z=
" u& K " h8Q> x . .  ( ,
( , 21 ƒ A+ €U | e – & K – h8Q> v '& (
, d uS u& .b # , d S & K > bK;1 x § h8Q> B;! A+ kZ%A n S#L > A v
  L > bX + '& :"H
+ h8Q> .
( ,  ( , 21 ƒ A+ 5 P S b :"H b #
!up#
K" # " a#  ( ,
( , ƒ A"+ ‡ # – + E+
W e YZ ( p+
. 2 |i #+ b1 ? B; + .%U kH K#X> i S#+ eH r + 6LŸ B;A \ 1 YZ "K
u 01 K"H * * b#* , G6 > 2 . E 1 # r> . e ‰;AW -%L A" A '
&
euH :;uA 7 W a . ;#X8+ ‡ # kH K#X> i S#+ € + Q r ` r ."SA , h
e ‰;AW k"
2u nu ;#X> . s
A b1 A1 A , b!p#
A " 1
AW & 7 W &
AW
B& i a ˆi Ba b * v i'# 1 s ;#X , \kS| Ä b ra – K 1 ;#ž NA+ . h8Q>
, 2Hi c# 2!"#$ o H €& ' i
1 \ i , B« ;#X ` B& i , K"LW ;#X s e .
u
!+ , ( 2 @ ) €&' b b#* . 8Q %&' s † + b% 5 €LA ;#X ( . r v e Yq

W , 2" w > €& ' k& . - 1 = e ; 1 (1 Bf i c e €& 'W , 2 + 6L "K*# . k 8Q>
u
W , u  5  e
5
e F!"# 1 . kK#3 i S#+ e F"!= – E+ , 2 H >
, Ä ! KH ” b"% e . c 5 < + e (.# AH b%&' , YZ1 k 1 p+ h > ( 1 y+' . +
r ;u#X> yu"= B;1 e
D > A& e . K"LW o , %L e
– k|i = 7 ? , ( BŽ " 2!+6W )  .+
r\ uO1 Ž *u ;#X o m ( €&' ) 2 @ 5 o H
= > 2A& + 2 |i #+ ;1 ? eH o €& 'W
& . B« K#œ n ;%"S# K kH K#X> i S#+ € + Q r ` r ."SA eH K"LK B;# + 6LŸ 2 1
. Yq
+ bA P ; 1 \ AH 5 ˜ #® ;#X
‰;AW :"H X e
– k 8Q>
!+ , ( r @A+ ) €& 'W = ;#X> , 78# > 1 v
”u"# 01 . ‰;AW \ l :"H n + y+ 2Š 2" c & o :"H n ( , -.*# v . b= Q L
5 u# )u%" – h8uQ> W . ‰;AW o e B` + – 2 K" + 2
!+ – 2" c3 F!"# n +
B"1 .  2!"#$ 2Qi ¨ 2!"#$ €& ' F kH K#X> i S#+ 2" c 01 &i S= ˆ ; , 2!"#$ r K#œ
Bv "p1 B \ ® e '& bAK# Ÿ "p1 2 H K"LW x . n S#L “ k 8Q nK#œ ‡ A& e

. K"L

40

7 p# , B;#  @!#m ; 1 T+ o #!+ x U KA 2 H K#X> B« S= , K"LW M_
u.1 AH . tU + q ;#X> o %H B" + h . kH K#X> i S#+ 2 %S+
– , & .1 . B&Y` B;.%L1 2 i 3 B«YL Ž T+ 2H L+ x Ÿ h .#+ eH ! = B;#
€& 'K"+ \:U 9 ƒ ."+ nAScW £ Æ+ 2H l W ) ¡+ M% 2189 %#Q> #L= h – A K#œ
2 ; 2+ 5 K"LW 2+ F+ /
W E+ , & e h
v F."U .   .+ ÄA+ 2 Q 2 9
:u"H 2 up+ , €& 'W r KO#1 . q %+ e
!W 2!Q8!+ \ K" + e > e + x Xi \ !"9 ;K
®
(u , o 3 r8
pW 2* *c+ x "3 , = eH o F*% a1 2. Q 2 |i = ( , ;#%L 
r u K#~ h .= .g H %#Q ;#X> P (! '
& . i S#+ ( %Q , .g H & h .1 . 2 + =
. bO;A Œ A & ( \kw , h8Q> e ;#X> P (! š + 2 8Q>
2u ;
+ u eu 2 + } "+ «i x 2 8Q> 2189 2+ F S 2† 3 2 |i #+ 2" W r\ X K"1
uv 8
U « 1 :.%#Q 2" ;# P p+ r .1 y+' . F

!= F E £ S > \ %#Q 2 LA
+
. kH K#X> i S#+ r8
p 2;X , k 8Q> ‰;AW eH F"’ R
!+ kK" + )*%+ 2 r .1 F
o u . buAH b# + tL i + 'Ž s s ! n + S= , L > i s a= b!p
Q Q E K#W ‰;AW
b i S# > b=i . (p#1 b# .! h b kH K#X> i S#+ 2 g & L > 2Qi KW F%q= ˆ
. YZ= + “ H i S=
u& i *#+
. A# .1 h AG = eH — AG = eH h A# .! – A 7 '
&
) 3 '& , b1 p# A A . YZ (K ”p#
B" # ( a# e 7 9 & s L
x . 2 %+
. [ + A YZ ” 7 “ ;#1 e > T+ kH K#X> i S#+ k&

41

C5C
L > x X
: b != k .+
!+ 2  C16
¥ €u#
q 5 2%LA+ 01 ‰;AW i c , oi cm ;AH AG / T+ r @A+ 5 2%LA+ 2"
pW F
O;A b+ 7 R'+ [ + k .+
!+ e ( ".+ . 8U ‰;AW 2% ` 2"
p [ + k .+
!+ 5 €LA
\ u1 + eH bO;A i c n -L#W si c 2 9 b#  A1 H
1 ‡ . P + + } "+ b U & *l
b#   O# A A > ¦ #+ b * 2  b# a1 k Xi b . ( 6 o .1) [ + eU + , kH K#X> h .#"+ 2 @A
¢ u*# b !1 . 2*l b 1 ‰;AW 2  . Yq & b + €LA .= :KLW
!+ & A A R'+ — .
) … [ + eU + , €ž> €ž KH 2 + o + eH 2 + 2 .+ eH 2 + 2 v eH Yq
+
> bu 1 q*# 1 H ” + . ¨ 7 n S#L > A v i 3 ; E 2 = '+ o X AW °H W
kuK#A 2 X :"H 2* * 2+>
k .+ \ K# > i p+ . k .+ \ K# > B&i p+ 2 =

. b "Q b# ` k .+ n + S= r ."SA 21 W i c M"c > bA
+ ¢ *#W ; +
euH £ u1 b v A c > '& . x . K 1 ‰;AŸ h E#+> e 2 Œ1 eŸ k .+
!+ , k.#" .+
– :u > 2 g H + r8K3 e € ;1 . S9 2 O#+ x8 e h .#+ 2+ m :"H 2Qi KW , Bg P "Q
\ A%+ , ‰& AW - !"#+ & Lž K ‰;AW 2% ` ;1 . h c R'+ — . R
!+ ;#X> 2%= 5 – i . K 1
r uK"
+ 2KVl r *!c+ oYq r # €#
[ + eU + s ‘> '&
! < ` . + R
!+
ku!1 . ku! Y` > 8Z#Q €#
+ , r *!c+ n #= ; 1 "Z#Q 2 #w> o + 2 .+ eH r }A+ 2 + H
2 #w> eH AG ® x = (c1 , . ¦ } "+
!+ o'= Q e G i q o + 2 .+ eH €=
+ AG ® (c1
€"uL= u kL i W ¢ #+ e oi #LW r Y% #+ * b 1 B*.= Yq 2 + } "+  A % ` q
q K;A ( ¢ / !"#$ %= h A a
1 O1 H S. -SAW nS.A "c!+ K 1 . 2 " v ;#+>
'& . #K"
+ o H nKž R'+ A + , > 2 #w> 2 .+ 2 8H _ x § q%H . • (c1 ,
& . .= :KLW k .+
!+ e d S & q , o g L+ 2KL+ & ‰;AW 2% ` ˜8 + - !"#+ , P "Q>
:"H 2 c# > 2 KA#+ oi l B
 + Km B ¦ } "+ ; ;!Ÿ 2 .+ K" = e '+ ; 1 X 2 |i = 2"  1
eu bAH AG / T+ 2 + 2 .+ 2 3 , g L+ i #+ "qD B& . 2 #w> o H e #w

. ( 6 o .1 ) (%
Ÿi & _ ( 2 #w> 2 + } "+ 2 .+ nKŠ r> m :"H oi c. Y` k .+
!+ , ‰;AW 2  Y`
u + K % .= [ + k .+ P v ( , [ + k .+ P v , # d S x , l q
2 Q Q 2+ A+
= " €O 1 " o 2 H 2 A A a x .+ & y+ . \kw , 2& %+ e š + & &
au 2 + } "+ b A :!’> R'+ x .+ 2tU r X 2‹ . P X 81 '& " €ž " W . o
(uq . 2u .+ YZ oi} « k& F 2* * r X 2‹ . B ¡+ " k %S+ " s ‘> 2 ` k& o +
. o u + P X + 2O &'V# 1 8
%Q ; + o + 'V# ¢ *# ( T+ " 2 !AW " oi}W r X> y"=
2 H 2+ ,
L+ 21 q , 2U !W o E+ 2  :"H €"Z#+ , – 8
q – 2 1 v 2 + o + h .= €O 1

42

R u Y% µ X H n S#LA+ . ˆ}
+ x + cH , n!A= T+ & k& ˆ} 2+ A+
#+ . ˆ
2 8+ 2 p%+ 2 W r
> 1 o + b v . 2 ;c+ 2 + } > l AH , A !A R'+ s &
. … ... 2 \ i 2 #w> \ A%+
. 2* * r X R'& A"
2u H K#X> o & @+ y"= , kK" + )*%+ - U eH & A1 H A ... { 2* *  A1 H ” k& 2+aLW —
(? , > 2 ¡+ -.*# > k .#+ (%.#LW ;A A1 1 K# &i S= 2 ‚%= T+ .+ 2 :KL= T+
2u gEŠ ;# !A ; 1 šK"= > T+ r > r> 3 , “ 2 ` " 2 + o + " hE#" A 01 2 .+ ;#+
h u.#+ e‹ & y+ a A K"H A . A ; . " ; . r *= ;. ./ :# + “ 2 " W
" 2 !AW " 5 2Q K"W 2+ 3 :"H Q 2* * r X  A1 H A . ( S+ ˆ W , + n KO"+ SW
u K A "H 2O
+ €ž > €ž W S l s A"% + . 2 *"+ ² ‚ l 2 !AW v S aS y+'1 «
A"%.+ . n1 + YZ+ A+ K" A "H A + r i} A"%.+ . A+ 2O

. uA (u u.#+ %= n!A > n1 & x F e o :"H 2+ ( , < #! ”"#¶
A u# 1 uA%OHv . 2u 1 2 1 + o + (X e x A+ U $ :"H 2 1 + G6 e '+ %"L+ A # >
už > e '+ e = W K"L#LW  ;# > 2K
i .+ . B; !A 2gEO#+ , ..® e '+ K " >
Œ / eH ”
AL! n A 2 A "H
+ . 2 1 = – o + ž e '+ o + , !
. … ... t w b% n!A > ;1 h H r W v o + ( %Q , ;p#Q> :"H ƒ A+
eu u;1 uK 2 !AW F + . 2 + o + i}= > 2 !AW 01 2 !AW i}= 2 + o + F b ¥
:"H Ž €"Z# T+ 3 , o + (%. A "H %X
+ €ž > €ž A#1 ‚ l k& 2Q K"W A#X
> R Y% µ X \ A%+ h8+ i .+ . > ˆ} 2+ h .+ k!
= T+ 3 5 . q >
L+ 2 
, ˆ u= x + e 2H Kœ ( [ + eU + ( 2 gEX r 2 + o + R L . E
2 i Q < + o ‡i % . 2" p+ 2 + o + e f ! q « f ! «
u
= . 2u + o + 2+ , L+ 2 i Q < + o ‡i % K G L+ =
AQ o + r L € b" '& e S . … ... 2 + o + eH > %. 8
2 . 1> o +
o + eH = o P8U ;"X e A T+ 2 !AW F. 01 . o S 2# G " d iv " e a#A+ i
. x c! > (%.
}u#V + h> o + eH €#
K 1 ;A 2"q d U [ + € p"+ 2 n1 A 2 + o + , A@ > 01
e o + eH ¢ *# €=
+ ! > b ƒ A+ r8
p o + (/ e
D ” 2Q K"W B« X , ƒ A+
uA i 'u& ( A@ > ) 3 ; 1 i T+ 2 " W 2 gEŠ 7 @+ €Q A 2"q v y"= e i #|
; 1 A o "+ R g . + i}W € Z ‰;AW 2% Z b v y+ . .= :KLW k .+
!+ , ‰;AW 2% ` oi S ˆ
0u1 & n1 AW e bLK" b1 :"H 2." o + :.%#1 bLK" > b1 > ;A bLK" b1
˜ #§ 5 Ÿi ... o + FS.Q 2 !AW F. 1 A#X F %w 2* * Y` 2 !AW A#1 F ¢
uA" Yqu \kS¶ > e§ . (c1 5 (c1 e sY` Q %+ b x %#L Q %+ o + a . ˆ o ; +
s %= &i . K o + n!AW % Q
eH Yq E > o + eH 2 + r #
+ e } v € Š
euH .. { o u + n1 A k& : k*SL+ x 6L+ :"H 2 X> b 1 AZ#L B > + . .#+ X ;X '&

43

" o 2 H 2 A : x .+ 5 ;#A ¥ .. { n1 AW s'& ( o "+
= W : -KHv x 6L+ :"H 2 X>
. o 2 Q Q 2+ A+
= " €O 1
(u ! " ul ! " + K % Yq 2 ! r i}W 2 O#Q "  #!W " P X + ‡ 01 v
u 1 R + + R + , s j (%. > v « o + Ÿi bAH ƒ A+ c 1 2 +8Z#Q n1
, – ;uAH Fu!"’ 2
1 oE! :"H R SA – yw> – & . o + #L= + x8Z#Q> .#+ (%. > K
c #W " AS!+ " :"H % e
– . o + 2 v . (%.#LW kl W 2" 1 o ZG – r Q i + €"`
AH . k .#+ k .+
!+ 5 2 LAW r Q i + e Yq
+ R
!+ \ A%+ , k" + ("9 ”p
+ ;A '!A
”up
u e :"H %
e+ 2+ 3 n1 AW 2 E 2;X ƒ A+ 5 h .# bO;A R
!+ \ A%+ .#!
2u !A q % 8
n1 AW eH h . ¥ . f 2 .W 2
!+ r i}W 2 SW n1 AW k.SAW h E"+ h H
uX O# u; E+ 2u + o + ˆ X , y
p#"+ ;³ !A+ - / i l e n1 AW € c
. ‰;A ;AH 1 W o + o H Œ h8 F K 1 2O3 ” 
– EuO = e+ 2 + o "+ 2 W ˆ .+ k .#+ k .+
!+ , ‰;AW 2  b"q³ S š + '& Y`
i uc.+ . h
> 2 ` Z+ + “ k .#+ k .+
!"+ o  ‰O <8# eH – x R :"H
b%%uL uK 1 (qK# k. .3 S9 — . s ;#X 2 + 6L ;#œ ( (K*# % ` š + 2
!+ r ;#X> , aS9
k u.#+ k .+
!+ , ‰;AW 2% ` R 6= ) . « 2 .+ 2 3 ( P Sl e k .+
!+ , i c.+
– ƒ uA+ €"` ƒ A+ ˆ A1 . b & :"H ‡ *#= b= i w n1 = s A%#= T+ 2 + ˆ .+ = eH sEOH 5
F r K"
+ € = = " 2 #w> o + 2 3 " B;# ` :"H .!# % .= ƒ A+ ( (.
ˆ B;A K 1 B&Y` n i / 01 . [ + eU + , 2 U D + 2 #w> o + 2+ 2 „ =
.!# > . ; + - S+ :"H > 2 3 h ;! :"H .!# 81 . 2!"#$ r>> r F*% o + r K"
+
, ;g A 2 ! :"H > 2 #w8+ K :"H .!# > . Ri #Q + ;g A :"H > o + 5 - S+ :"H
uŽ „ oi S9 S9 2Z+ 2"
pW y"#+ B;1 :"H < !=> – 2 AH œ “ – A > . [ + eU +
:u"H > 2 #w> o + 2 3 2 8 + :"H .!# > v , S '& ¥ . 2 U D + 2"
p
uK " 2 #w> o + 2 3 " s ‘ , *# B& '& ( . k. %S#+ ˆ #LW :"H > R
!+ ˆ #LW
h uc+ B& %Až :"H “ o 2"l A o , .#" eH EX H BŽ 01 . B;A - 1 ( ;K;!
u.#" x / b= i w – – 1 R'+ k .#+ k .+
!+ , ‰;AW 2% ` v B;A K 1 £ c+
2u 9 " b# @ " 5 - 1 ( B
#® > :.% 81 !"#| 81 ; + K
#® o 2 .= 2 " 2 @ " :"H
. 7 !c+ 2 E¨ r i p+ o r Z+ o 1 [ + eU + , .#+ .+ ˆ A1 . b 1i Ž B ®
bu k .#+ k .+
!+ , ‰;AW 2"
p ( :"H 2! # .#+ .+ 2
!+ o + ˆ '
&
u; 1 k.#" 2 3 " 2 @ " i U k .+ X + b ( R'+ ( a#+ e E 5 2X , x E – '& , –
2 3 S l  ª i = 2"cm & R'+ k .+ X +
” 21 5 2X , A R . 8c# 1 (%.#LW
u.+ A1 H > '& 7 > e§ . ž E#+ N"L+ k .+ \ K# >
” . (%.#LW nAc=
u
!+ 5 €uLA= T+ r ;#X> q , o .#! 21 k& . (%.#LW 5 kl W e r K#~ 2 ‚%= T+
.k .#+ k .+

44

eU u+ , d uS 
1 R e b#* , != q k .#+ k .+
!+ 01 '& e B` + '& n
5 bu + *# F+ ¦ #+ .#+ .+ 2 g . + o + F+ b 1 ‰;AW 2% ` . [ +
R eu sY` b
"D .#! > '& , bA
+ . Ž 7 # ;1 2 %"Q y"= . 2 .= 2 2K@A o o
;1 ( 6 o .1 ) 2 #w> i} > o + i} ‰;A :"H Bg ¦ } "+
!+ . [ + eU + , 2 .#+ BHE
1
¾ uc '
& . kK " ;1 ( 11 o .1 ) o + i} > 2 #w> i} ‰;A :"H Bg kL i W
!+ . k Xi
, 2Qi KW 2 Q , aS9 2 O#+ 2" c3 %= e " 2 #w> o + " eH B&i
1 .+ Y` .+
* *u \ u.#+ ku.#" 'Ž & k #w> x A"+ \ H i U b E#+ , k .+
!+ < !# ¥ . #L '&
e B` + 2 .+ 2 3 -./ ˆ > i
1> s ‘ > bX :"H n + '& r S b+ € O#L= [ + n +
u
!+ ul 2Aucm %= T+ Y& KŠ  H \ K# :@/ ˆ 2 b. ./ n S#L= > r i c# ;Kg E&
2u .= 2 o 5 b x *#= :"H i Y` k .#+ k .+ &
1 e b 7 # = b1 = ¨ B` + k 8+
. o
  uL > R u
!+ ¢ #+ :"H [ + eU + , k .#+ k .+
!+ d #! & – ˆ K 1 – != '& e q
> uO#® > [ + eU + , L i W Œ x E . ;g — bA  M *c= 2%g + b#+ m KŠ e si /
b+ Ÿ > O#® > B&Y` x E . 2AQ 2g 'A 2 %S+ B"H , E"_ b+ Ÿ > £ K#X> B"H , š i b+ Ÿ
2u1 W au . E"_ š i 'A 2 %S+ B"H £ K#X> B"H , ¢ ® – t w a . o pH 'A \ ;.!+
. kul W 2]i F/ (%.#LW n= 2" .G y"= . ” \ ;.!+ ;#X ” = 'A o S h .#= – 2 L >
eu € . 8
X 8
X o S o S 2 L > o 3 2 € [ + eU + , k .#+ k .+
!+ KA '&
i & ( MAD ¸W + } "+ ( X e b='= Q  ‘ k #w ( X b KA b"K® . %H kK" + h .#+ n A
;A x ® s + .= , > bA  , ‘ > oi'+ cH 5 kK#A= 2 w x .H 2 8 o à bK*#.= . \ SH e b "H
. b#% k& R'+ (%.#LW M 8 2 A+ b# 8S , ˆ = ( R
!+ £ > 2 + 6LW R c#+
. Y% (1 '&
. s %# > -*#L= 2? *" R'& ¥
u ;g A i
1 ¾ c= 2 + 2 v ˆ ; 1 . ;#* , 2 !# 2 % k .#+ k .+
!+ ˆ ; 1
r u.W (c R'+ ‰;AW 2% Z h c yw > K si S= k .+
!"+ n #W ƒi + B;A Yq Ri
u . ;uA 2 .SAW 2"c+ £ S. e B` + ‰g #A+ €"` 2* r .W €"` 2* „%O > ‰g #A+
, 2*c+ nX .# A = AQi i .%1 . y+' b -3 . x . < S ˜i n. x .+ , 2*c+ i c
L > a l #! # K "L= ;g i k!’ r ;#X> ( 5 [ + eU + , d SW k .#+ k .+
!+
. "   uL > -"SAW " b KL 1 e ;#~ Œ Mc! . i S#+ , kQ Q> ( + & b v b"%.#L nAc R'+ &
k u.+ u
!+ i uc ;H KOŸ
= T+ r Q i + (
+ E KW ‡ #pW cA + & –  .# K 1 – '&
ˆ u , B« u!= eH @A+ 7 c Qi + ( 2 #p o " o @ " e 2."SA r Q i  . k .#+
. i S#+ , kQ Q> ( + si %#H L > 5 " o @A+ " k& y"= ;. %S= , - 1 #+ ˆ ;" a= :"H oi .+
uf % 5 (up!+ o u F;# r K‘ 2. .3 s'& i
0 r T+ r @A+ ( A@ > 01
"  uO# K 1 Œ A#+ 5 (c 18# %=
+ 78# e B` + k .#+ k .+
!+ ” A i v
. si S= 2 n + 5 " 2 L > o @A+

45

o u x8u Ri 3 ;G = F%L# A
= F"K# F— r 2 5 K#A B > b+ YL!= 7 AL+
'Ž s s ! n + S= , L > i s a= b!p
Q Q E K# " 2 %+ 'A ;O;A 2" U 2 |i =
‚%u= 2uK M% a1 ƒ A+ kH , ‰;AW .#Q 2Qi KW e 2" U x8 ( b ) ... bAH b# + 6L i +
;uA
= (u x8u 2 + 2 > ;#%L 2 i  2K . " 2 L > " A i , ( 12 o .1 ) "... B;!
b B"L " #1 " e 8S B; r8
p Š 1 .#+ .+ b%#
K 1 « eH } = T+ k& k .+
k u.+ u
!+ & ." T+ 2 O#Q> y"= L!= T+ k& k& . i S#+ 2 , kQ Q> ( + & L > &
¢ #+ ;` T+ o S!+ 2 O#Q . 2 + 2 v e R p%+ cA + (
p= T+ 2 + Y& KŠ  H ˆ + k .#+
> kK" + )*%+ -%L ; A KH B& c= T+ k& k& . si
1 r ' k.#" R'+ 2 O#Q B;# v Ri 3
u;g A i u
1 Ri 3 ;G # 2 + 2 v ¾ c= '
& . si b+ ˆ c= kK" + )*%+ b "H ” #
bu S uK 1 R W ‰;AW " 2 L > o @A+ " B E= W 7 = bA . b= , &i  5 B;A eS! > e “
B« , £ c+ \ j 2+ m  . 2 L i W " € = " 2+ m 5 F" 2] E P + e L i W Œ
. €#
+ Œ , s K" = ¢ = e B; 1 (qK#
Π2K
A '& aw e š + . ‰;AW 2"
pŸ b#" x8 e s K > k .#+ k .+
!+ aw '&
(u ˆ 6 . o F 2*l 2 O;A šQ :"H F T+ k .#+ k .+
!+ , 2 "S+ r Q i +
:"H Bg 2 #w> o + 5 k;#A k .+ X + e % R'+ k .#+ k .+
!+ ( b# 8 '&
k!A & " o W " š + . kH K#X> i S#+ 2 , kQ Q> ( + & L > k& o " 2 L o @ "
u
!"+ oE KW o @A+ s'& : " 2 L " o @  . " 2 + q " o @  k!A & "
!+ " š + . 2 o @ 
2* *c+ x "3 e b .= T+ k& [ + n + , b+ ƒ A+ 2 O#Q> ;KW k& [ + eU + , k .#+ k .+
nS#uL – b ;1 o 2 Y& o 5 ƒ A+ b" / eH i c e b 1 nX . [ + € p+ r8
pW
. n + Y Z#+ M *c+ ‰;AW n + 5 2* *c+ 2 L > o @A+ e ”p#

  L > ‰;AW – 17
> kH uK#X> nu + Y Z=
> ¦ › w L > i / o H ‰& A ˆ & :"H 2Qi KW 2" c e A1 H
( u + i u@# . ( 2 + } "+ 2Qi KW e s A1 H ) 2 !+ 2 3 2Qi ¨ 2O # g ."= ¢ ® > kH K#X> i S#+
u ž c# kH K#X> h .#+ i ƒ A+ :"H ( & S= 5 R 6 > 2 |i #+ ;# < Q , L >
( 2 uL i W 2Qi KW e s A1 H ) i S#= “ 5 & i S 2 g ."#+ «YL S. + B« K#œ 2 3
uAH B;. uU , ”.= T+ 2 W r %. + ( B` 2!"V# F + B« K#œ S= :"H i ƒ A+
. ( h8uQ> (? , 2Qi KW e s A1 H ) ”"V#= r K#~ = kH K#X> i S#+ 2 3 g .+ i + '& .!
€ O#L= kH K#X> n + M * \ .#+ & kH K#X> i S#+ , kQ Q> ( + si %#H L > e <8S >
‰;uA 5 x *# – 2 + Y& KŠ 2 3 o + - ./ eH :.% b > sY&  H b= S b+
. ( 2 .+ 2Qi KW e s A1 H )   L

46

F u R 2* *u Yu` 2* * F ” W i
1> r @A+ ‰& AW ( x . e
D '
&
x %#W YGa#+ < S , " : 2 H l W 2. .3 s'& eH r # F # i . < c= – 2Qi KW , « =
. " 7 @+ ( , Kg kH K#X> i S#+ 2 , kQ Q> ( + & L >
& @+ \ w>
( eH )*%+ e 2 i f 2
!+ y+ LW A S
— . ‰;AW 2"
p A""
> s 'Ž A Y`
Fu b x . n S#LA+ . ” E= k& K 2"
pW 2;X 5 A" . bL! L > , ‰;AW 2"
pW
;u" 0u1 " 2 uL > o i> 2 kH K#X> i S#+ 2 K# Œ A= e % " : k& ‰;AW 2"
p
(u*1 ul u . 2 K# .+ nl Y` b# , l bL! L > :"H ” #
2u F . b= F + , f l
” ;A 7 A+ .+ y"= ”p#
& 2"
pW
(u u
= . 2"
p X = > ¦ #+ kH K#X> n + Y Z#+ ‰;A X 81 2 K# .+ 2 l Y` L >
:"H 2 K"H Y` 2q H 2+ m aS9 2 O#+ - U Y` eH (% e 2A 2 ` § kH K#X> n + S#+ 2+ m
kg u."#+ (%.#uLW n = :"H oi .W x ® 2 3 h 2 3 . 21 W h v . ( v
. ( 2 o .1 ) R'+ (%.#LW nA :"H oi .W ¦ #+ x * 1
2uKg H „ > ;" 2+ m ‰;AW 2"
p ( (X e kK" + )*%"+ " £ l K " L > e <8S >
"–8
q – x .A1 . L > ;A (c (% e & # 2
1 r> . \ l :"H « ! i #¶ b=
"Ÿ
eu – \ u# – bu e 6 Ÿ !L = 8
L > (c + 7 V " x K " e
#+ T g i e b+
k!U uH ‰#A kH K#X ( H k eg b x . kH K#X> i S#"+ x v ‡ ± k& ˜ # > r
 2* * 7 a ˆ 2Kg ; + 7 = e
D 2* *
= T+ 7 > y"=  5 ...
-U b – 8
q – x .A1 ‰g # e \ p b=
" e 2
" ( :"H €= A+ . -U : b L 8+ E ³ ; e ( +
‰g # e s # ( nK_ ¥ . k – – L > 1 ... 2 È+ E ¨
#1 sY` bA nK‘ 2Z+ b"1
" ‰;A 2" c 01 L > r
"Ÿ 2"c# 2
!+ A=> . F : 2 ;A+ , x .A+ & # r
" :"H & A%=i
B" + H l
M"c b '& ( v . x #1 '& ( . kH K#X> i S#+ -SA 21 , "   L
'u a b .  \kw r K#~ & @+ \ w> 2 ‰& A 2Q i B"H e
+ ( X + q > ) L > 2Q i
)*% & L > e bK; . ;# ‚%= T+ .+ eH )*%"+ n l bL! L > & @+ \ w>
bu#Z+ u  5 # g u+ b x e b=
" L > (K #L " ” " 7 p# & 2 H K#X> b# eH
)u*%+ 2u ` y+ . o #W b=
"W > K #Q ;" ! L > n S#L i e B 7 p# š + 2" KŠ
kH K#X> i S#+ 2 3 g .+ si L > ƒi D ” : x 6L+ eH € ž ‰;AW 2"
p (3 L > , kK" +
.
2 2@ 8Ÿ % kK" + )*%+ v y+ y+ (;Q e
¨ ) x 6L+ '& :"H 2 X> 21 W kK" + )*%+
R'u+ £ uA+ 2 b# B
® H o H .+ F*% o o H :"H b# U F%G 01 " !+ "
2uX YZ i . e (
+ i L )*%+
kK" + )*%+ £ l & L >
AH . b + kK#A
2u H o & ?  R , A ( , L > & ;1 ¦ q ( a= k. E 1 # AQ ( 5 2X R eH ) 5
i u%# > Kg 2" ;# ‚%= e
7 p# > 2 K" + 2@ 8K"+ Kg 2" oi
# o m
‚%u= Tu+ .+ A!p# 01 . s A!p# 2* ˆ 21 W r \ p ˆ o ; 1 .+ y"=
" !W " & L > v y+ . kH K#X> i S#+ 2 ‚ l 7 '& A "H (;L K# L > 2

47

b 4 Ÿ K# b# ‚% b+ A!p# 01 .  ( ,
( , 2 H K#X> & @+ ( , ‡ #pW
'Ž ( b K#œ ) b1 ? 5 R . b Ga# b 1 G6 5 ‡ #pW !W '& b+ .%U > i S# > b+ .%U i S#
u;|i = o & u@+ Y` . 2 |i = o & ? F*%   E+ & ; + ” l 01 « 2 H K#X> o & @+ 5 nX
b# + 1 , G 21 - U eH . s A!p# R'+ .+ \ l :"H > 2 ;! Y`
= (%.#LW 5 ;#
o Gau#W o G6uW ( + , B
*#+ - U eH sY Z= 2 ! n + B;1 e
D  , n , Ž Ga=
. L > 2 .
" o uW \ '+ e o " a o !# 2 H o & @ L > , 2 2Q i k#. – – ‰;AW 2"
p (
2 %S+ sY` & b #® R'+ ( p+ X + 2 %S+ ƒ A+ e sYZ b# 8H ‚%= T+ b# 7 p# >
2 #uw> šQ " P # , 2l !#Q d SW bX + :"H 21 l> s'Ž " L > x X " 2 @ F"!
= .
(u
+ 2* *uc+ ‰g u#A+ uL! R'+ ‰;AW & " L > x X" }# A& e . ( & 59 • ) " 2 +
u& " uL > x X " i S#+ , kQ Q> ( + & L > a B "L#+ e -"SA= T+ ” W r Q i +
2 3 g .+ si L > ƒi D ” . i S#+ , kQ Q> ( + & L >
" ” " F*l T+ 2 @A+
. kH K#X> i S#+
{ L > x X & – 18
e H , b#* i %# ‰;AK " L > x X " d S+ cc$ b" " 2 + 2 #w> šQ " P # .+
. … … <8u v B @A#+ o + 2 .+ 2 v 2 #w> ª i #+ 2 2 U D + 2 3 : .+
nu < K; 7 A+ .+ y"= Œ B;1 , " 2 + Š 2 W " 5 ¥ b + h
# > si %# (g Q e
”u 7 u A+ " L > x X " ‰;A h . — . ‡ A& d S & A& n S#L AL+ . 2Qi KW 2" c
R'u+ buX + :"H b . k" K 1 . [ + n + Y Z= " 2 @ " 2` , 7 b V#L “ b V#L
. K 1 b + £ X + (;L
Y uZ= -u"SA / " 2 @ " & > n + \ i K 1 2 !L"1 2+ . & 81 . n + Y Z#+ ‰;A " L > x X "
n S#L ; E#"A1 ;1 . kH l W n + , o X W .+ H .+ e 2H Kœ & — . b "Q b# ` n +
š + e
+ . 2 O#+ b#** ¦ Š ‰;AW & ( < %L Y` H " L > x X " š + . n + ¯ Z
eK# " L > x X " ‰;A 01 '& :"H . b** K 1 bAH ”"#| b v b.%Q W i
=
%L 8


(1)

s AH e 21 l

(2)

x Š M*c=

(3)

‰;AW 2"
p (/

(4)

. ¦ Š ‰;AK"+ o X 2Z 5 k;#A=

(5)

: ( v C >

48

\ w> ( : Ž „ i S#+ , oYq ‰& A ; "H F T+ o H .+ r :"H " L > x X " h . C1
" L > x X " €&' . ;#1 e
³ 21 2 K# . (%.#LW 5 kl W e ;# 2S%A & @+
2 3 ( p+ › % > '& e b# F"!= > bL! L > 5 ; %+ 18 ‰& AW y"= Œ n
. & @+ \ w> (
: B" # bA
u
j + U w 2 K# š . (%.#LW 5 kl W e ;# , & @+ \ w> › % " h b
> 2 %"uL+ ƒa + r i} ‚.L= 'Ž . e
¨ & b# e
= K; A Y Z= 01 ( 2 o .1 ) " n + Y Z=
R'+ n + 21 : 5 v o S9 5 " L > x X " w . " e
KW " '& -.§ ” 7 > :.%
› uw bu# ‚%= T+ .+ 7 p# > b 1 kK" + )*%+ - U eH 2* * 21 & K s ¯ Z
" uL > x X " A "H  ! 'Ž . R'+ e
KW -.§ ” 7 A+ › p+ y"= , B
*#+ 2 ! ;# + 1
“u B" #u ƒi )*% ¥ - .*#"+ 2" Y` o œ 2
1 r i c#+ A# n’ T+ 2 + qW e i *#
Y uZ= 7 ;#uL= 2 2 b.*#L= R'+ (p!+ 2 %+ 'A " L > x X " i'A . s ¯ Z ” A 7
. s ¯ Z= = R'+ n + 2 ‚%= T+ .+ 2 K# n -!#= > v -.*#"+ 2" Y` h8 - .*#+ n +
2"w 1 2 + qW 2 + q y"= . sYZ= = Ÿ " B" + " 5 .#!= ;A
+ e
¨ & n + Y Z= e 7 ;#L= 2 2
.
\ uwv (u e ( 9 o .1 ) 2 + Š eH ) 3 AH s A1 H b.%Q KH ' a " L > x X " eK# C2
& @+
Π, ; G6

(1)

” #= > T+ ;# x8

(2)

. o K#L r YZ= ;.*"#1

(3)

uL > ; 1 Ÿ & @+ \ w> ( 2 ‚%= 2G8q+ 2 "
+ .+ y"= , 2. L+ ‰& AW Œ n -!#
. bL!
: B" # bA
2uG8q+ .+ s'f   L >
!+ ; . ; T+ o Š d p+ e !#L €H #L n # ƒi
> ( . sY` eH > E s & K b1 k!
> s ¯ ZA+ A 7 p# x § AH A – > – 7 A1
sY Z#+ ‚ SV#+ r L , ( sY Z= x § AH ¥ . bXi e b 1 G6 b Ga# b ”p#
A+
u. u A1 sYu` A x %#W YGa#+ y+ « Y Z#+ (g Q , Y Z#+ 'f 2 8+ ˆ .+ .= ,
> eu§ . uA , G6u= x 1 i e A Y` , G6= x 1 e – K# – Y Z#+ 2 s + = W #L
uA v yu+ . * * +  , b1 Ÿ A !# * * .= x %#W YGa#+ '& i . n S#L
5 s %# > . # G + K A Y Z= ‚S B . 81 2Kg 2 , sY` A – G – 7 €ž
2 3 ‡i A Yq :"H € c 1 n + n ‡ *# AL! A v . < w € i = 5 A ˜ #® 2 3 2 K#
2Kg 2 , b e§ bA
+ . b# , b% c A v A + 2%LA+ A l b . l n + i c# 1 «
eu 7 A+ ; S T+ 2"tQ> 2Kg 5 ”  #H 2 c+ s'& :"H €"Z# A . (%.#LW 5 kl W e
… { e : x 6L+ ¥ . E+ , sY Z= 2S n + *A1 … { “ : x 6L+ s ¯ Z ” n + & ;# X

49


Documents similaires


Fichier PDF reforme des nations unies et lundaf 2012 20161
Fichier PDF montres clubs et selections
Fichier PDF declaration des droits des peuples autochtones 1
Fichier PDF le katanga attend l ultime resolution des nations unies 3
Fichier PDF n0256365
Fichier PDF handbook environmental accounting


Sur le même sujet..