Iyad Aithou .pdf


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POSITION PAPER

Committee: SOCHUM- Third Committee of the
United Nations General Assembly

Topic: ”Climate change: humanitarian threat and
human rights challenge of the 21st century”

Country: The Russian Federation

Delegates: IYAD AIT HOU

Nowadays, one of the biggest challenges facing the humanity is the scourge of climate change
and its effects. This issue not only causes environmental damage but it also affect human beings
and peace. The Russian federation, one of the five highest emitting nations, recognizes that urgent
measures such as the cop21, the Kyoto protocol, and UNFCCC should be taken more frequent
basis in the future, if we want to maintain the globe’s stability and preserve the environment for
the future generation. Russia has a pivotal role in influencing the future direction of international
climate change, and is convinced that shaping an international response to climate change is the
best solution to alleviate this problem.
“Global warming will have more impact on Russia than any other area of the world” said
Alexander Frolov, Head of RHEM. In fact, the last decades have witnessed a noteworthy rise in
the average temperature (about 0.4 degrees every decade), an increase in the wildfire’s frequency,
and a swift spread of the diseases. All these changes are considered as the direct result of human
activity and have a negative impact on people’s life. In other words, these consequences deprive a
thousand of Russian from their primary rights such as health, housing, and security; although the
fact that we are the fourth top emitter of CO2, the fifth top emitter of all greenhouse gas
emissions, we have been fighting against this climate alteration since 1994, when the Framework
Convention of Climate Change entered into force the 4 November, and the Kyoto Protocol in
2005. Moreover, we managed to reduce the emission of CO2 by 36.4% per capita and also
reduced the emission of greenhouse gases by 34.4% per capita in the period of 1990-2007. In the
cop21 our president, Vladimir Putin states that “ Climate changes has become one of the gravest
challenges humanity is facing, caused by global warming, hurricanes, droughts, floods are the
source of economic damage” So, we can say that Russian delegation has already been adhering
to the measures agreed upon to curb global warming. Standing on the point of a developed
country, we are eager to establish more conversation and cooperation with the others states.
The Russian Federation is the fifth largest producer of renewable energy, so we believe that these
energies are crucial to limit the effects of climate change and alleviate its impacts. The Russian
Federation is also ready to contribute to bridging this gap by making Russia’s abundant reserves
of natural gas available for developing countries. Thereby CO2 intensive coal emissions could be
replaced by environmentally friendlier energy production based on natural gas. Additionally, we
have promised to reduce emissions of net greenhouse gases (GHG) by 25% to 30% below the
1990 level by 2030 and push the scientific research in order to make them useful.

Committee: SOCHUM- Third Committee of the
United Nations General Assembly

Topic: ”Eliminating racism, racial discrimination,
xenophobia, and related intolerance”

Country: The Russian Federation

Delegates: IYAD AIT HOU

“No distinction should be made on the basics on race, color, and national or social origin”
outlined by the universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, race still a big factor of
discrimination. Racial discrimination and xenophobia has been a widespread phenomenon which
affect the life-chance of individuals, social groups, institutions, and public policies that seek to
promote cohesion, equity, and development. The right to be free from racial discrimination is a
fundamental principle of the legislation on human rights.

It is in the Russian Federation’s best interest to contribute to the elimination of racial
discrimination. In fact the Russian Federation takes part in several human rights treaties relating
closely to racial discrimination including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
(ICCPR), (the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental
freedoms years) the International Covenant on Economic, social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).
In addition to that, the Russian laws contain a full set of instruments aimed at preventing any
manifestations of racism and xenophobia. These instruments have proved to be an effective tool
against ethnic intolerance and the fear of foreigners.
The fact that racial, national and religious intolerance is changing to a means of political struggle
is alarming, it represents a menace to the democratic principles and human rights; These
Intolerances yelled new phobias which take the form of ideologies. The rise of Neo-Nazi
ideologies tries to whitewash Fascism and to rehabilitate theories of racial purity and supremacy.
Unfortunately, the number of such organizations increases constantly all over the world. That is
why Russia believes that states sharing the bulk of responsibility for combating racism must give
objective assessment of the current situation.

So in Russia’s opinions, to eliminate the consequence left by racism, these are things have to be
done: To Stop stereotyping is the first step to block discrimination, to educate the younger
generation about tolerance is the key to enhance the conception of equality .We propose
integrating such lessons into the school program and holding campaigns to promote the idea of
respect for people of all races to the general public. As we leave in an era of high technology,
Medias are the best way of broadcasting ideologies of anti-discrimination. Lastly, Russia is here
hoping to find the more suitable solutions to this issue.


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