Can a MS discriminate ? .pdf

Nom original: Can a MS discriminate ?.pdf

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I. Is the justification acceptable ?=>

+ Consistency (Commission v. Italy - gaming service): the MS
behaviour has to be consistent with the measure and its goal (it
cannot forbid gaming services and advertise it)

Mutual recognition : The product complies with the law of the
MS of origin, do we need a 2nd national measure ?YES : if the
2nd MS has a higher level of protection

II. Appropriateness test : Is the measure
appropriate ?- light test : only checks if there
is a reasonable link between the measure and
the aim

III. Necessity test : Is the measure not more
restrictive of free movement of goods than it is
necessary ?=> MS has to prove : the less
restrictive measure wouldn't be as efficient as the
more restrictive one

Can a MS discriminate ?

Reasoning of the Court

Hypothetical IV. Proportionality in the strict
sense : the 2 policy aims (free mvt vs
fundamental rights) are balanced

YES for art. 34 & 35

Discriminatory measures

Art. 36 : "public interest requirement"

NO for art. 30 & 110 : absolute prohibition

Non-discriminatory measures

Art. 36 : "public interest requirement"

Exception : Environmental issueDéchets Wallons + Danish
honeybees- Discriminatory but environmental protection is not
art. 36+> ECJ considers it discriminatory (Basel Convention)
to accept it as an ORIG

Cassis : ORIG ("overriding reasons in the general interest")

Art. 36 : None of the reasons should be an exuse
to arbitrary discrimination or disguised
restriction on trade

Public morality

Public security : Campus Oil Ltd- OK, but
economic justification is not acceptable

Public health : Cases 266 & 267/87- large
autonomy of the MS on health system => light
proportionality tests

Protection of national treasures possessing
artistic, historic or archaeological value

Protection of industrial and commercial

Intelectual property :- Art. 345 TFEU : the Treaty shall in no
way prejudice the rules in MS governing the system of property
ownership (fear of communism) but doesn't work much

Function of the trademark : identify the product's origin so that
the product hasn't been subject to interference in such a way as
to affect the original condition of the product
Exhaustion of trademark rights : once the product is lawfully

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