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ESA.Davis USA. Clavel.Aout 2014. .pdf



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Environmental policies for combining
human welfare and conservation
CONSEIL GÉNÉRAL DE SEINE ET MARNE

Clavel J., Garbino A., Prévot-Julliard A-C. (MNHN)
Renault O., Honoré B., Larrière-Cabiran M. (CG77)

Goal of the study:
²  Novel Policy Settings for Conservation
²  Perception of Stakeholders ßà Biodiversity & Landscape

I. Introduction: Territory of Seine et Marne

CONSEIL GÉNÉRAL DE SEINE ET MARNE

Local History Context

²  Territory

Seine et Marne
²  County

Local History Context

²  Territory

Activités et
équipement :1,7

Artificial
Habitat
: 5,1

Infrastructures de
transport :1,4

(urban, transport …)

Espaces ouverts
artificialisés: 4

Carrières,
décharges et
chantiers : 0,4

Forest
Forêts
: 24,4

SemiNatural : 2,1
Semi-naturel
Water
Eau
: 1,3

Farming
Agricole : 59,4

Local History Context

²  Territory

Activités et
équipement :1,7

Artificial
Habitat
: 5,1

Infrastructures de
transport :1,4

(urban, transport …)

Espaces ouverts
artificialisés: 4

Carrières,
décharges et
chantiers : 0,4

Forest
Forêts
: 24,4

SemiNatural : 2,1
Semi-naturel
Water
Eau
: 1,3

Farming
Agricole : 59,4

Local History Context

Provins

Meaux

Coulommiers

Local History Context

Provins

Brie de Meaux

Coulommiers

Local History Context

²  Natural heritage
²  Conservation Status

Activités et
équipement :1,7

Artificial
Habitat
: 5,1

Infrastructures de
transport :1,4

(urban, transport …)

Espaces ouverts
artificialisés: 4

Carrières,
décharges et
chantiers : 0,4

Forest
Forêts
: 24,4

SemiNatural : 2,1
Semi-naturel
Water
Eau
: 1,3

Farming
Agricole : 59,4

Local History Context
Fontainebleau

Local History Context
Fontainebleau

Barbizon School

Millet

Troyon

Corot

Local History Context
Fontainebleau

es
r
l
a
r
u
t
a
n
t
s
r
i
F
1
6
8
1
Millet

Barbizon School

Troyon

!
e
v
er

Corot

Local History Context
Fontainebleau

es
R
e
r
e
h
p
s
io
B
nd
a
an
M
2
201

MAB
UNESCO program

!
e
v
er

II. Heart of the process:
Culture and Nature Laws brought together
CONSEIL GÉNÉRAL DE SEINE ET MARNE

Innovative setting

Local Footpaths

.

Local Footpaths: Cultural Law

Hiking Plan
-  1983 Law (effective in 1991)
-  1999 « County » Funds

- Promote Hiking, Biking, Riding
-  Protect cultural heritage

Local Footpaths: Cultural Law
Cultural Heritage restoration

Environmental Laws
²  Ecological Corridors : Terrestrial and Aquatic
à Green and blue ways

²  Environmental Laws I & II adopted in 2009 and 2010

Innovative setting

County Team

2010 Eco-funds

Paths registered&marked
Paths registered
Paths identified

-  6000 km (3000 km non marked path)

Creation/Restoration of green corridors

Dec 2010

August 2012

Creation/Restoration of wetlands or ponds

Sept 2013

April 2014

August 2013

Oct 2013

Creation/Restoration of wetlands or ponds

ck!
a
B
e
m
Welco
4!
1
0
2
y
Jul

Oct 2013

Endangered species : Bombina variegata
http://www.saviton.org/sonneur.php

Cultural Heritage Restoration

2010

2011

Cultural Heritage Restoration

2011

Cultural Heritage Restoration
- 57% in 7 years

2011

2006

2013

Biodiversity friendly

Survey – The Process
Policies
I.

Cultural Heritage

Environmental
Green and blue ways

County Team

Footpaths and Lavoirs

Eco-funds
restoration

Survey – The Process
Policies
I.

Green and blue ways

Environmental NGO

Ecologically relevant

II.

Cultural Heritage

Environmental

County Team

Footpaths and Lavoirs

Eco-funds
restoration

Survey – The Process
Policies
I.

Green and blue ways

Environmental NGO

Ecologically relevant

Communication Plan
about Eco-funds

II.

III.

Cultural Heritage

Environmental

County Team

Mayors

Footpaths and Lavoirs

Eco-funds
restoration

Survey – The Process
Policies
I.

Green and blue ways

Environmental NGO

Ecologically relevant

II.

Cultural Heritage

Environmental

Footpaths and Lavoirs

Eco-funds
restoration

County Team
IV.

V.

Meetings
Communication Plan
about Eco-funds

III.

Mayors

Survey – The Process
Policies
I.

Green and blue ways

Environmental NGO

Ecologically relevant

II.

Cultural Heritage

Environmental

Footpaths and Lavoirs

Eco-funds
restoration

County Team
IV.

V.

Meetings
Communication Plan
about Eco-funds

III.

Mayors
Project with Eco-funds

Survey – The Process
Policies
I.

Green and blue ways

Environmental NGO

Ecologically relevant

II.

Cultural Heritage

Environmental

Footpaths and Lavoirs

Eco-funds
restoration

County Team
IV.

V.

Meetings
Communication Plan
about Eco-funds

III.

Mayors
Project with Eco-funds

VI.

Society Integration
NGO

Survey – The Process
Policies
I.

Green and blue ways

Environmental NGO

Ecologically relevant

II.

Cultural Heritage

Environmental

Footpaths and Lavoirs

Eco-funds
restoration

County Team
IV.

V.

Meetings
Communication Plan
about Eco-funds

III.

Mayors
Project with Eco-funds

Citizens

Schools

VI.

Society Integration
NGO

III. The Culture of Nature

CONSEIL GÉNÉRAL DE SEINE ET MARNE

Survey - Hypothesis

County Team Implicit hypothesis
Demand for Cultural ES from both

Citizens & Mayors

Survey - Methods
²  10 Townships
²  Questionnaires
Interviews

Citizens
N=80

Mayors
N=10
20 km

Survey - Methods

Citizens & Mayors
² 

Environmentally friendly

² 

Activities in nature – frequentation

² 

Views about the restoration/creation paths

Survey - Results

Mayors
² 

Motivation: wellbeing of citizens & tourists, $, biodiversity

² 

Very satisfied - collaboration, work projects, results
- on average $27,000
Poor knowledge of biodiversity, ES, greenways

² 

Survey - Results

Mayors
² 

Motivation: wellbeing of citizens & tourists, $, biodiversity

² 

Very satisfied - collaboration, work projects, results

² 

Poor knowledge of biodiversity, ES, greenways
Citizens

² 

2/3 noticed restoration work - Very satisfied

² 

Wellbeing, ½ increased their frequentation, social link
- willing to pay $5 vs actual cost $2

² 

Poor knowledge of biodiversity, ES, greenways

Survey – first Conclusion

Eco-funds is a success :
mayors and users are satisfied

y
l
i
a
D

!
e
r
u
Nat

Re

e
n
n
co

on
i
t
c

!

Many thanks !
County Team :
Olivier

Bruno

Aline

jclavel@mnhn.fr
Anne-Caroline


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