Green Guide To Hajj Arabic version .pdf



Nom original: Green-Guide-To-Hajj-Arabic-version.pdf
Titre: 1-10

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‫اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎت‬

‫ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬
‫إﻫﺪاء‬
‫ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ٔﺍﳊﺮﺍﻡ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬
‫ﻗﻴﻢ وﻣﺒﺎدئ اﻹﺳﻼم‪ :‬اﻟﻤﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫اﻹﻋﺪاد ﻷداء "ﺣﺞ أﺧﻀﺮ"‪ :‬اﺗﺒﺎع اﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ اﻟﺼﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫اﻟﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﻴﺶ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻮﻛﺐ اﻷرض‪ :‬ﺧﻔﺾ ﺑﺼﻤﺘﻚ اﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ أﺛﻨﺎء اﻟﺤﺞ‪،‬‬
‫وﻋﺶ ﺣﻴﺎة ﺧﻀﺮاء ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺤﺞ‬
‫اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ واﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎت ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺎت واﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺎت ﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺣﺞ أﺧﻀﺮ‬

‫‪ - ۲‬إﻫﺪاء‬
‫ﻧﻘﺪم اﻟﺸﻜﺮ واﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ اﻷﺷﺨﺎص واﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺎت اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﺮﺳﺖ وﻗﺘﻬﺎ وﺟﻬﻮدﻫﺎ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻟﻴﺮى ﻫﺬا اﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ اﻟﻨﻮر ﺑﺪوﻧﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫ﲢﺎﻟﻒ ﺍﻷﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ )‪(ARC‬‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫أﻟﻴﺴﻦ ﻫﺎﻟﻴﺮد‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﺑﺎﳌﺮ‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫ﺷﺎﻧﺘﺎل ﻣﺎرﻳﻦ‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫ﲰﲑﺓ ﺃﲪﺪ‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫ﻣﺠﺎﻫﺪ اﻹﺳﻼم‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫ﺷﻮﻛﺖ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫ﻣﺎرزﻳﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻜﻮﻧﻲ‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫ﻓﺨﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﳒﻮﳒﺎﻳﺎ‬

‫‪-‬‬

‫اﻟﺤﺎج ﻳﺎﺳﻴﻦ‬

‫‪ - ۱‬ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪ‬
‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺎﰎ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺁﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ‪،‬‬
‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺐ ﺩﻟﻴﻼً ﻣﻮﺟﺰًﺍ ﻟﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲢﺚ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻨﻮﻱ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲤﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ "ﺣﺞ ﻭﻋﻤﺮﺓ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﺧﻀﺮﺍﺭًﺍ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﳌﻔﻠﺤﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ‪:‬‬
‫َﻭ ۡٱﻟ َﻌ ۡ‬
‫ﺍﺻ ۡﻭ ْﺍ ِﺑﭑﻟﺻ ۡﱠﺑ ِﺭ )‪ (۳‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺻﺭ‬
‫ِﻳﻥ َءﺍ َﻣ ُﻧﻭ ْﺍ َﻭ َﻋ ِﻣﻠُﻭ ْﺍ ٱﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺻ ٰـﻠ َِﺣ ٰـ ِ‬
‫ﺍﺻ ۡﻭ ْﺍ ِﺑ ۡﭑﻟ َﺣ ﱢﻕ َﻭ َﺗ َﻭ َ‬
‫ﺕ َﻭ َﺗ َﻭ َ‬
‫ﻧﺳ ٰـ َﻥ َﻟﻔِﻰ ُﺧ ۡﺳ ٍﺭ )‪ (۲‬ﺇِ ﱠﻻ ٱﻟﱠﺫ َ‬
‫ﺻ ِﺭ )‪ (۱‬ﺇِﻥﱠ ۡٱﻹِ َ‬

‫ﻛﻠﻒ "ﲢﺎﻟﻒ ﺍﻷﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ"ﻣﻨﻈﻤﱵ "ﺟﻠﻮﺑﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻥ ‪ (GlobalOne 2015) "۲۰۱٥‬ﻭ"ﺇﻳﻜﻮﻣﺴﻠﻢ")‪(EcoMuslim‬‬
‫ﺑﺈﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺃﺧﻀﺮ ﻟﻠﺤﺞ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﺪ ﺟﺰﺀًﺍ ﻣﻦ "ﺧﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ" ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺓ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻒ‬
‫ﻭﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﺍﻹﳕﺎﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﰎ ﻃﺮﺣﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻣﺆﲤﺮ ﻭﻧﺪﺳﻮﺭ ﰲ ‪.۲۰۰۹‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻒ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﰲ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺑﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪﻫﺎ ﰲ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ .‬ﻧﺄﻣﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﺮﺃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﺪﺀ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﺓ ﺑﻮﻗﺖ ﻛﺎﻑٍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﺮﺟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﳉﻴﺪ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻧﺴﺄﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﻣﻨﺎ ﲨﻴﻌًﺎ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺜﺎﺑﺮﺗﻨﺎ ﻭﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﺔ‪.‬‬
‫دﻛﺘﻮرة‪ُ /‬ﺣﺴﻨﻰ أﺣﻤﺪ‬
‫ﺣﺎﺻﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺳﺎﻡ ﺍﻹﻣﱪﺍﻃﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬
‫اﻷﺳﺘﺎذ‪ /‬ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﺎروق‬
‫ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﳌﺎﺟﺴﺘﲑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬

‫‪ - ۳‬ﻛﻠﻤﺔ اﻓﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ اﻟﺤﺮام‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺎﺗﻪ‪..‬‬
‫ﻳﺴﻌﺪﱐ ﻭﻳﺸﺮﻓﲏ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻗﺪﻡ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺧﻀﺮ ﻟﻠﺤﺞ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﺓ‪ .‬ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺸﻬﺪ ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺑﺎﺕ ﺟﻮﻳﺔ ﺣﺎﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺩﻣﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻭﻛﻮﺍﺭﺙ ﻳﺘﺤﺘﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﻛﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺑﺼﻔﺘﻨﺎ ﺧﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻴﺲ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻔﻬﻢ ﺟﻴﺪًﺍ ﻭﺍﺟﺒﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺃﺅﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﺃﺷﻌﺮ ﺑﻌﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﲪﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺘﻔَﻲ؛ ﺇﺫ ﻻ ﻳﻐﻴﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻫﲏ ﺃﺑﺪًﺍ ﲢﺮﱘ ﺇﳊﺎﻕ ﺍﻷﺫﻯ ﺑﺄﻱ ﳐﻠﻮﻕ ﻭﻟﻮ‬
‫ﺣﺸﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻧﺰﻉ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻓﺮﻉ ﺷﺠﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺭﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲢﻴﻂ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻌﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻔﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳُﺤﻀﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺫﻫﲏ ﺍﻷﳘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻣﻨﺤﻬﺎ ﺍﷲ‬
‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺕ ﺃَﻥ ﱠﻻ ُﺗ ۡﺷﺭ ۡﻙ ِﺑﻰ َﺷ ۡﻳ ۬ـٴًﺎ َﻭ َﻁﻬ ۡﱢﺭ َﺑ ۡﻳﺗ َِﻰ ﻟ ﱠ‬
‫ﺎﺱ ِﺑ ۡﭑﻟ َﺣ ﱢﺞ‬
‫ﺎﻥ ۡٱﻟ َﺑ ۡﻳ ِ‬
‫ِﻳﻥ َﻭ ۡٱﻟ َﻘﺂ ِٕﯩﻣ َ‬
‫ِﻠﻁﺂ ِٕﯩﻔ َ‬
‫"ﻭﺇِ ۡﺫ َﺑﻭﱠ ۡﺃ َﻧﺎ ِﻹِ ۡﺑ َﺭٲﻫِﻳ َﻡ َﻣ َﻛ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِﻳﻥ َﻭٱﻟﺭﱡ ڪ ِﱠﻊ ٱﻟ ﱡﺳﺟُﻭ ِﺩ ) ( َﻭﺃَ ﱢﺫﻥ ﻓِﻰ ٱﻟ ﱠﻧ ِ‬
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‫۬‬
‫ۡ‬
‫۬‬
‫ً‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫۬‬
‫َ‬
‫ٰ‬
‫ِﻳﻕ ) (" )ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺣﺞ(‬
‫ﻭﻙ ِﺭ َﺟﺎﻻ َﻭ َﻋﻠﻰ ُ‬
‫ﺿﺎﻣ ٍِﺭ َﻳﺄﺗ َ‬
‫ڪ ﱢﻝ َ‬
‫َﻳ ۡﺄﺗ َ‬
‫ِﻳﻥ ﻣِﻥ ﻛ ﱢﻝ ﻓ ﱟﺞ َﻋﻣ ٍ‬

‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﺃﺷﻴﺪ ﲟﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺇﻳﻜﻮﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺟﻠﻮﺑﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻥ ‪ 2015‬ﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭﳘﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﺃﺟﺪﻩ ﺇﺳﻬﺎﻣًﺎ ﻋﻈﻴﻤًﺎ ﻭﻗﻴﻤًﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻮﺭ ﰲ‬
‫ﺗﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﲡﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺎﻷﺧﺺ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﺷﻬﺎﺭًﺍ ﻟﻺﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﺃﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺰﻛﺎﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳊﺞ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺭﻛﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﳋﻤﺲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻤًﺎ ﺳﻴﻐﻤﺮﻙ ﻓﻴﺾ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﳌﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻠﺤﺞ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﳘﻴﺔ؟ ﻟﻠﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺗﺘﻮﳚًﺎ ﻟﺮﺣﻠﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻟﻶﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﻓﺮﺽ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﲤﻜﻨﺎ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺮﺍﺏ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻴﺎﻧﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﻨﻮﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻭﺣﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻨﺬ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻨﻮﻱ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﻓﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻜﺲ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺻﻠﺘﻨﺎ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺻﻠﻮﺍﺗﻨﺎ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺗﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﱂ ﻧﻌﱳِ ﺑﻌﺎﳌﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺳﻴﻌﺘﲏ ﺑﻪ؟ ﻟﺬﺍ ﻳﺘﻌﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻨﺎﺀ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ﲟﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﻧﺒﺎﺗﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻻ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻟﻠﺒﺪﺀ ﰲ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻹﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺃﲨﻞ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻚ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﺇﻬﻧﺎ ﲤﺜﻞ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﻜﲑ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺻﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻣﻞ‪ ..‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺘﺤﻠﻰ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﱪ ﻭﺗﺸﻌﺮ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﻐﲑﻙ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ‪ ..‬ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺘﺠﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻚ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺄﺳﺮﺗﻚ ﺃﻭ ﲟﻜﺎﻧﺘﻚ ﰲ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺘﻤﻊ ﺑﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﲨﻊ‪ ،‬ﺇﺫ ﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻧﻌﺪ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ ﺟﺪًّﺍ ﰲ ﻣﻠﻜﻮﺕ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻻ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻭﻻ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﷲ‪ ،‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺑﺴﺎﺋﺮ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﻌﻴﺪًﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺑﻴﺘﻚ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﲡﻮﻝ ﰲ ﺭﺣﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻨﻚ ﺣﺘﻤًﺎ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺿﻴﻔًﺎ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻓﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺎﺿﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺸﺮﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻐﻤﺮ ﻗﻠﺒﻚ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﻖ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﲣﻴﻞ ﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﻭﻗﻮﻓﻚ ﰲ ﺭﺣﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻔﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺳﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﻗﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺧﺎﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﲢﺘﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻧﺖ ﻣﻊ ﺇﺧﻮﺓ ﻭﺃﺧﻮﺍﺕ ﱂ‬
‫ﺗﻠﺘﻖ ﻬﺑﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ؛ ﺗﻘﻔﻮﻥ ﲨﻴﻌًﺎ ﻣﻌًﺎ ﻬﺑﺪﻑ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻫﻮ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻃﻠﺐ ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺗﻪ ﻭﺭﲪﺘﻪ‪ ..‬ﺗﻘﻔﻮﻥ ﲨﻴﻌًﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﺳﻴﺔ ﺑﻼ ﺃﻱ ﲤﻴﻴﺰ ﺑﲔ ﻏﲏ ﻭﻓﻘﲑ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺑﲔ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻭﻣﺮﺀﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﻔﻮﻥ ﲨﻴﻌًﺎ ﰲ ﺗﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﻭﺧﺸﻮﻉ ﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﲨﻴﻌًﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻻ ﻳﻬﻢ ﻟﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳉﻨﺲ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺀ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﺸﻲﺀ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﳌﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﻴﻨﻚ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ ﻫﻮ ﺣﺐ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻠﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻫﺎ ﳓﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ‪ ..‬ﻧﻘﻒ ﻣﻌًﺎ ﺃﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﻛﻞ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﳛﺎﻭﻝ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻐﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﻭﻟﻮ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻃﻔﻴﻒ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﲑ ﻗﺪ‬
‫ﻻ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﻣﺆﺛﺮًﺍ ﻷﻭﻝ ﻭﻫﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺳﻴُﺤﺪﺙ ﺗﻐﻴﲑًﺍ ﻣﻠﻤﻮﺳًﺎ ﻣﻊ ﲡﻤﻊ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﰲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ۲۰۱۰‬ﺧﻠﻒ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﻋﺪﺩﻫﻢ ﺣﻮﺍﱄ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﱐ ﺣﺎﺝ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺯﺟﺎﺟﺔ ﺑﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ .‬ﲣﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﻋﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﺍﳍﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ ﺑﻘﺪﺭﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﳘﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﻬﻮﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﳍﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻛﻔﺮﺩ ﺃﻥ ﲢﺪﺙ‬
‫ﺗﻐﻴﲑًﺍ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﺟﺒﻚ ﻛﻤﺴﻠﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺣﺞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﺧﻀﺮﺍﺭًﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﲢﺴﲔ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ ﰎ ﻣﺮﺍﻋﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﳍﺎ ﺃﺛﺮ ﺇﳚﺎﰊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺼﻤﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﲣﺎﺫﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ‪" :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﺧﻀﺮﺓ ﺣﻠﻮﺓ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﻠﻔﻜﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻴﻨﻈﺮ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺸﺮﺡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺰ ﻗﻴﻢ ﻭﻣﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻭﰲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺋﻬﺎ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﺤﺎﺝ )ﳏﺮﻡ(‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﺼﻔﺘﻚ "ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ" ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻷﺩﺍﺀ "ﺣﺞ ﻭﻋﻤﺮﺓ ﺧﻀﺮﺍﺀ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺘﻚ ﺑﺸﺮﺍﺀ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﻭﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪.‬‬‫ ﺗﺸﺠﻴﻌﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳊﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ‪.‬‬‫ ﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺋﺢ ﻟﻚ ﻹﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺃﳕﺎﻁ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ‪.‬‬‫ﳛﺘﻢ ﻭﺍﺟﺐ ﺍﳋﻼﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﳛﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻮﻛﺐ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻲ ﻓﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﺮﻳﻌًﺎ ﻟﻠﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺿﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻠﺤﻖ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﺤﺘﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻷﻭﻻﺩﻧﺎ ﻭﺃﺣﻔﺎﺩﻧﺎ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻴﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﳝﺜﻞ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﻖ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳊﺞ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺮﻣﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻮﺩﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﺮﺽ ﺩﻳﲏ ﻳﺘﻌﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻳﺆﺩﻳﻪ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻮﺍﻋﻴﺪ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺗﺒﺪﺃ ﻣﻦ ‪ ۸‬ﺇﱃ ‪ ۱۲‬ﺫﻱ ﺍﳊﺠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻷﺧﲑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻮﱘ‬

‫ﺍﳍﺠﺮﻱ‪ .‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﺓ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﻣﺼﻐﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ ،‬ﻭﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﺩﺍﺅﻫﺎ ﰲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻃﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻨﺎﺳﻚ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻫﻲ ﻛﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ‪:‬‬
‫‪۱‬‬
‫‪۲‬‬
‫‪۳‬‬
‫‪٤‬‬
‫‪٥‬‬
‫‪٦‬‬
‫‪۷‬‬
‫‪۸‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﻑ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻲ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﻭﺓ ﺳﺒﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺎﺀ ﰱ ﻣﲎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳌﺒﻴﺖ ﻬﺑﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﰲ ﻋﺮﻓﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺰﺩﻟﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺭﻣﻲ ﺍﳉﻤﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺣﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻘﺼﲑﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳍﺪﻱ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﳊﺞ )ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮﺓ( ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺭﻭﺣﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻟﻼﺑﺘﻌﺎﺩ ﻋﻦ "ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻳﺔ" ﻭﳐﻠﻔﺎﻬﺗﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﻬﻮ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﱄ ﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻋﻤﻠﻴًﺎ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺑﺎﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻮﻛﺐ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻣﺴﺎﳘﺘﻚ ﻛﺤﺎﺝ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻣﺜﺎﻻً ﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﳛﺪﺩ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﻛﺤﺎﺝ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻋﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﲑ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﱯ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﰲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺗﺄﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻚ ﺑﺎﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲤﻜﻨﻚ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﻔﺾ ﺑﺼﻤﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪ ٥‬ﻗﻴﻢ وﻣﺒﺎدئ اﻹﺳﻼم‪ :‬اﻟﻤﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬

‫ُ ُ‬
‫ﺎﻥ َﺧ ۡﻳ ۬ﺭً ﺍ ﻟﱠﻬُﻡۚ ﻣ ۡﱢﻧ ُﻬ ُﻡ‬
‫ﻭﻥ ِﺑ ﱠ ِۗ‬
‫ﭑﻪﻠﻟ َﻭ َﻟ ۡﻭ َءﺍ َﻣ َﻥ ﺃَ ۡﻫ ُﻝ ۡٱﻟڪِ َﺗ ٰـ ِ‬
‫ﺏ َﻟ َﻛ َ‬
‫ُﻭﻥ ِﺑ ۡﭑﻟ َﻣ ۡﻌﺭُﻭﻑِ َﻭ َﺗ ۡﻧ َﻬ ۡﻭ َﻥ َﻋ ِﻥ ۡٱﻟﻣُﻧڪ َِﺭ َﻭ ُﺗ ۡﺅ ِﻣ ُﻧ َ‬
‫ﺎﺱ َﺗ ۡﺄ ُﻣﺭ َ‬
‫" ُﻛﻧ ُﺗﻡۡ َﺧ ۡﻳ َﺭ ﺃ ﱠﻣ ٍﺔ ﺃ ۡﺧ ِﺭ َﺟ ۡﺕ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﻧ ِ‬
‫ﻭﻥ َﻭﺃَ ۡ‬
‫ﻭﻥ " )‪ (۱۱۰‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺁﻝ ﻋﻣﺭﺍﻥ‬
‫ڪ َﺛ ُﺭ ُﻫ ُﻡ ۡٱﻟ َﻔ ٰـﺳِ ﻘُ َ‬
‫ۡٱﻟﻣ ُۡﺅ ِﻣ ُﻧ َ‬

‫ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺋﺪﻱ ﳌﻮﻗﻔﻚ ﻛﻤﺴﻠﻢ ﲡﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﺮﻛﺰ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍ ‪ -‬ﺍﳋﻀﻮﻉ ﷲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ‪ -‬ﺍﳋﻼﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﺝ ‪ -‬ﻣﻨﻬﺞ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﻟﻠﺤﻴﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩ ‪ -‬ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻓﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫ ‪ -‬ﺍﳌﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﲢﺜﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻴﺔ ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻨﺎ ﺧﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻨﺎﺀ ﺑﻜﻮﻛﺐ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻷﻥ ﲨﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﺟﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻜﻮﺗﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺩﺉ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻜﺘﻔﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﺤﺴﺐ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ ﺗﺄﻣﺮﻧﺎ ﺑﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ا ‪ -‬اﻟﺨﻀﻮع ﷲ‬
‫ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ڪﺛِﻳ ۬ ٌﺭ ﻣ َﱢﻥ‬
‫ٱﻪﻠﻟ َﻳ ۡﺳ ُﺟ ُﺩ َﻟ ُﻪ ۥ َﻣﻥ ﻓِﻰ ٱﻟ ﱠﺳ َﻣ ٰـ َﻭٲ ِ‬
‫ﺽ َﻭٱﻟ ﱠﺷ ۡﻣﺱُ َﻭ ۡٱﻟ َﻘ َﻣ ُﺭ َﻭٱﻟ ﱡﻧﺟُﻭ ُﻡ َﻭ ۡٱﻟ ِﺟ َﺑﺎ ُﻝ َﻭٱﻟ ﱠﺷ َﺟ ُﺭ َﻭٱﻟ ﱠﺩ َﻭ ٓﺍﺏﱡ َﻭ َ‬
‫ﺕ َﻭ َﻣﻥ ﻓِﻰ ۡٱﻷَ ۡﺭ ِ‬
‫" ﺃَ َﻟﻡۡ َﺗ َﺭ ﺃَﻥﱠ ﱠ َ‬
‫ﺎﺱ َﻭ َﻛﺛِﻳ ٌﺭ َﺣ ﱠﻕ َﻋ َﻠ ۡﻳ ِﻪ ۡٱﻟ َﻌ َﺫﺍﺏُ ۗ َﻭ َﻣﻥ ﻳُﮩ ِﻥ ﱠ‬
‫ٱﻪﻠﻟ َﻳ ۡﻔ َﻌ ُﻝ َﻣﺎ َﻳ َﺷﺎٓ ُء " )‪ (۱۸‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺣﺞ‬
‫ٱﻟ ﱠﻧ ِ ۖ‬
‫ٱﻪﻠﻟُ َﻓ َﻣﺎ َﻟ ُﻪ ۥ ﻣِﻥ ﻣ ۡﱡﻛ ِﺭ ٍ ۚﻡ ﺇِﻥﱠ ﱠ َ‬
‫ِ‬

‫ﻳﺴﺠﺪ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ ﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ؛ ﻟﺬﺍ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﲪﺎﻳﺔ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺑﻴﺌﺘﻪ ﻭﻣﻨﻈﻮﻣﺘﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﺣ ۡﻳ ِﻪ ﺇِ ﱠ ٓ‬
‫ُﻭﻥ "‬
‫ﻻ ﺃ ُ َﻣ ٌﻡ ﺃَ ۡﻣ َﺛﺎﻟُ ُﻛﻡۚ ﻣﱠﺎ َﻓﺭﱠ ۡﻁ َﻧﺎ ﻓِﻰ ۡٱﻟ ِﻛ َﺗ ٰـ ِ‬
‫ﺏ ﻣِﻥ َﺷ ۡﻰ ۬ ٍ ۚء ُﺛ ﱠﻡ ﺇِ َﻟ ٰﻰ َﺭﺑ ِﱢﮩﻡۡ ﻳ ُۡﺣ َﺷﺭ َ‬
‫ﺽ َﻭ َﻻ َﻁ ٰـٓ ِٕﯩ ۬ ٍﺭ ﻳَﻁِ ﻳ ُﺭ ِﺑ َﺟ َﻧ َ‬
‫" َﻭ َﻣﺎ ﻣِﻥ ﺩَ ٓﺍ ﱠﺑ ۬ ٍﺔ ﻓِﻰ ۡٱﻷَ ۡﺭ ِ‬
‫)‪ (۳۸‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ‬

‫ب ‪ -‬اﻟﺨﻼﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷرض‪.‬‬
‫ﺿ ُﻛﻡۡ َﻓ ۡﻭ َﻕ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﲢﻴﺎ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﺻﺎﳊﺔ ﻳﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃًﺎ ﻭﺛﻴﻘًﺎ ﺑﺎﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﺋﺘﻤﻨﻨﺎ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ َ‬
‫"ﻭﻫ َُﻭ ٱﻟﱠﺫِﻯ َﺟ َﻌ َﻠڪُﻡۡ َﺧ َﻠ ٰـٓ ِٕﯩ َ‬
‫ﺽ َﻭ َﺭ َﻓ َﻊ َﺑ ۡﻌ َ‬
‫ﻑ ۡٱﻷَ ۡﺭ ِ‬
‫ۢ‬
‫َﺑ ۡﻌ ٍ ۬‬
‫ﺽ ﺩَ َﺭ َﺟ ٰـ ۬ ٍ‬
‫ﺏ َﻭﺇِ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ۥ َﻟ َﻐﻔُﻭ ۬ ٌﺭ ﺭﱠ ﺣِﻳ ُﻡ )‪ "(۱٦٥‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ‬
‫ﱠﻙ َﺳ ِﺭﻳ ُﻊ ۡٱﻟ ِﻌ َﻘﺎ ِ‬
‫ﺕ ﻟﱢ َﻳ ۡﺑﻠُ َﻭ ُﻛﻡۡ ﻓِﻰ َﻣﺎٓ َءﺍ َﺗ ٰﯩ ُﻛﻡۡ ۗ ﺇِﻥﱠ َﺭﺑ َ‬

‫ﻟﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﳛﺜﻨﺎ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻨﺎﺀ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻨﺎ ﺧﻠﻔﺎﺀﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪.‬‬
‫ﺎﻥ َﻅﻠُﻭ ۬ ًﻣﺎ َﺟﻬُﻭ ۬ﻻً‬
‫"ﺇِ ﱠﻧﺎ َﻋ َﺭ ۡ‬
‫ﺿ َﻧﺎ ۡٱﻷَ َﻣﺎ َﻧ َﺔ َﻋ َﻠﻰ ٱﻟ ﱠﺳ َﻣ ٰـ َﻭٲ ِ‬
‫ﻧﺳ ٰـ ۖﻥُ ﺇِ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ۥ َﻛ َ‬
‫ﺎﻝ َﻓﺄ َ َﺑ ۡﻳ َﻥ ﺃَﻥ َﻳ ۡﺣﻣ ِۡﻠ َﻧ َﮩﺎ َﻭﺃَ ۡﺷ َﻔ ۡﻘ َﻥ ﻣ ِۡﻧ َﮩﺎ َﻭ َﺣ َﻣ َﻠ َﻬﺎ ۡٱﻹِ َ‬
‫ﺕ َﻭ ۡٱﻷَ ۡﺭ ِ‬
‫ﺽ َﻭ ۡٱﻟ ِﺟ َﺑ ِ‬
‫)‪ "(۷۲‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﺣﺯﺍﺏ‬

‫ﺗﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﲡﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪،‬‬
‫"ﻭﺇﺫ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺑﻙ ﻟﻠﻣﻼﺋﻛﺔ ﺇﻧﻲ ﺟﺎﻋﻝ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺧﻠﻳﻔﺔ ﻗﺎﻟﻭﺍ ﺃﺗﺟﻌﻝ ﻓﻳﻬﺎ ﻣﻥ ﻳﻔﺳﺩ ﻓﻳﻬﺎ ﻭﻳﺳﻔﻙ ﺍﻟﺩﻣﺎء ﻭﻧﺣﻥ ﻧﺳﺑﺢ ﺣﺟﻣﺩ ﻭﻧﻘﺩﺱ ﻟﻙ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻧﻲ ﺃﻋﻠﻡ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻌﻠﻣﻭﻥ )‪ "(۳۰‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺑﻘﺭﺓ‬

‫ج ‪ -‬ﻣﻨﻬﺞ ﻣﺘﻮازن ﻟﻠﺤﻴﺎة‬
‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ ﲟﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺃﺩﺕ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺧﻠﻞ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﳊﺴﺎﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﻣﻨﺢ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﺋﻘﻪ ﻭﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻃﺒﻘًﺎ ﳌﻌﺎﻳﲑ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﺴﺎﺋﺮ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ‪ -‬ﻣﺜﻠﻨﺎ ﳓﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ -‬ﳎﺘﻤﻌﺎﺗﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﳚﺐ ﻣﺮﺍﻋﺎﻬﺗﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻥ )‪َ (۸‬ﻭﺃَﻗِﻳﻣُﻭ ْﺍ ۡٱﻟ َﻭ ۡﺯ َﻥ ِﺑ ۡﭑﻟﻘ ِۡﺳﻁِ َﻭ َﻻ ُﺗ ۡﺧﺳِ ﺭُﻭ ْﺍ ۡٱﻟﻣ َ‬
‫ﺍﻥ )‪ (۷‬ﺃَ ﱠﻻ َﺗ ۡﻁ َﻐ ۡﻭ ْﺍ ﻓِﻰ ۡٱﻟﻣ َ‬
‫ﺿ َﻊ ۡٱﻟﻣ َ‬
‫ﺍﻥ )‪ "(۹‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺭﺣﻣﻥ‬
‫ِﻳﺯ َ‬
‫ِﻳﺯ َ‬
‫"ﻭٱﻟ ﱠﺳ َﻣﺎٓ َء َﺭ َﻓ َﻌ َﻬﺎ َﻭ َﻭ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِﻳﺯ ِ‬

‫ﺑﻞ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺑﺬﻝ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﺟﻬﺪ ﻟﻠﺤﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻄﺎﻉ‪.‬‬

‫د ‪ -‬اﻟﺤﻴﺎة ﻋﻠﻰ اﻷرض ﻓﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬
‫ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺘﺬﻛﺮ ﺩﺍﺋﻤًﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻭﲡﺮﺑﺘﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻛﺐ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺇﻻ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﻣﺆﻗﺘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺶ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﳓﻮ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﺑﺘﻼﺅﻧﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻨﺎ ﺣﺮﺍﺳًﺎ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ‪ .‬ﺳﺨﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻟﻺﻧﺴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﻧﻌﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﻣﺜﻞ ﻟﻮﻗﺘﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺗﻀﺎﻑ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﺴﻨﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳊﺴﺎﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﺔ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺣﻔﻆ ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻘﺮﺑﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﻖ ﻋﺰ ﻭﻋﻼ‪.‬‬

‫ﻫ ‪ -‬اﻟﻤﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻧﺎ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻭﺣﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻓﺎﺕ ﺃﻣﺮ ﰲ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﳘﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﻗﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺍﺭﺙ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ‬
‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ؛ ﻟﺬﺍ ﻛﻠﻨﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺍﺭﺙ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻧﻮﺍﺟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ڪ َﻣﺎٓ ﺃَ ۡﺣ َﺳ َﻥ ﱠ‬
‫"ﻭ ۡٱﺑ َﺗﻎ ﻓِﻳ َﻣﺎٓ َءﺍ َﺗ ٰﯩ َﻙ ﱠ‬
‫ٱﻪﻠﻟُ ﺇِ َﻟ ۡﻳ َ ۖ‬
‫ٱﻪﻠﻟ َﻻ‬
‫ﻙ َﻭ َﻻ َﺗ ۡﺑ ِﻎ ۡٱﻟ َﻔ َﺳﺎﺩَ ﻓِﻰ ۡٱﻷَ ۡﺭ ِ ۖ‬
‫ٱﻪﻠﻟُ ٱﻟ ﱠﺩ َ‬
‫ﻧﺱ َﻧﺻِ ﻳ َﺑ َﻙ ﻣ َِﻥ ٱﻟ ﱡﺩ ۡﻧ َﻳﺎۖ َﻭﺃَ ۡﺣﺳِ ﻥ َ‬
‫ﺍﺭ ۡٱﻷَﺧ َِﺭ َۖﺓ َﻭ َﻻ َﺗ َ‬
‫ﺽ ﺇِﻥﱠ ﱠ َ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫ِﻳﻥ )‪ "(۷۷‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺻﺹ‬
‫ُﻳﺣِﺏﱡ ۡٱﻟﻣ ُۡﻔﺳِ ﺩ َ‬

‫ﻭﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ "ﻓﺴﺎﺩ" ﻫﻮ ﺗﺒﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﻧﺰﻋﺘﻪ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﳑﺎ ﻳﺘﺮﺗﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺇﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻮﺙ ﻭﺍﳌﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻙ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻮﺍﺟﺒﺎﺗﻚ ﲡﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﰲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺍﺑﺘﻐﺎﺀ ﻣﺮﺿﺎﺓ ﺍﷲ‪.‬‬

‫‪ ٦‬اﻹﻋﺪاد ﻷداء "ﺣﺞ أﺧﻀﺮ"‪ :‬اﺗﺒﺎع اﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ اﻟﺼﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﻧﻌﺮﺽ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳝﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﳍﺎ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﺣﺞ ﺃﺧﻀﺮ‪ .‬ﻳﺘﻌﲔ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻧﻮﻳﺖ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺞ ﺃﻥ ﻬﺗﻴﺊ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ ﻣﺎﺩﻳًّﺎ ﻭﻣﻌﻨﻮﻳًّﺎ‪ .‬ﺍﳊﺞ ﲡﺮﺑﺔ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺟﺪًّﺍ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺻﺤﻮﺓ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺩﺍﺋﻪ ﻭﺳﻂ ﺍﳌﻼﻳﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﳐﺘﻠﻒ ﻃﻮﺍﺋﻒ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﱂ ﺗﻠﺘﻖ ﻬﺑﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻳُﺤﺪﺙ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺻﺤﻮﺓ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﺪﺍﺧﻠﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺻﺤﻮﺓ ﺑﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻜﺲ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻚ ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﺤﺔ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍ ‪ -‬ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﳉﻴﺪ ﻟﻠﺤﺞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺏ ‪ -‬ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﳌﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺿﻮﺀ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‬
‫ﺝ ‪ -‬ﺷﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩ ‪ -‬ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﺳﻴﺎﺣﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻛﻔﺎﺀﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫ ‪ -‬ﻋﺪﻡ ﺇﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﺃﻛﻴﺎﺱ ﺃﻭ ﺯﺟﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺑﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﺞ‪.‬‬
‫ﯼ ‪ -‬ﺷﺮﺍﺀ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ا ‪ -‬اﻹﻋﺪاد اﻟﺠﻴﺪ ﻟﻠﺤﺞ‬
‫ﺧﺼﺺ ﺟﺰﺀًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻗﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﻲ ﻟﻺﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﰲ ﻛﻴﺎﻧﻚ ﺍﳉﺴﺪﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻭﺣﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺪﻋﻮﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺑﺄﻧﻔﺴﻨﺎ ﺟﻴﺪًﺍ ﻟﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﻭﺍﳉﺴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﰒ ﻳﺘﺤﺘﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﳉﺴﺪ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﱃ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ؛ ﳑﺎ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺑﺪﻭﺭﻩ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺇﻋﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﳉﻴﺪ ﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺑﺪﺃ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﲑ ﰲ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﻣﺴﺎﳘﺔ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﻫﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ب ‪ -‬ﻋﺪم اﻹﺳﺮاف واﻟﺘﺤﻠﻲ ﺑﺮوح اﻟﻤﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺿﻮء روح اﻹﺳﻼم‬
‫ﺎﻥ ٱﻟ ﱠﺷ ۡﻳ َﻁ ٰـﻥُ ﻟ َِﺭ ﱢﺑﻪِۦ َﻛﻔُ ۬‬
‫ﻭﺭً ﺍ )‪ "(۲۷‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻹﺳﺭﺍء‬
‫ٲﻥ ٱﻟ ﱠﺷ َﻳ ٰـﻁِ ِ ۖ‬
‫ﻳﻥ َﻭ َﻛ َ‬
‫ﻳﻥ َﻛﺎ ُﻧ ٓﻭ ْﺍ ﺇِ ۡﺧ َﻭ َ‬
‫"ﺇِﻥﱠ ۡٱﻟ ُﻣ َﺑ ﱢﺫ ِﺭ َ‬

‫ﺍﺑﺘﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻬﻼﻛﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﲡﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﻣﻌﺘﺪﻟﺔ؛ ﻓﺈﻧﻚ ﺗﺪﺑﺮ ﺃﻣﻮﺭﻙ ﰲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺗﺄﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺑﺄﺑﺴﻂ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ‪،‬‬
‫ﺭﻏﻢ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻨﺎﺋﻚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﺎﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺍﻋﺘﺪﻬﺗﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻚ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻟﻠﺘﻤﻌﻦ ﰲ ﺭﻏﺒﺎﺗﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺎ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ؛ ﻟﺘﺤﻴﺎ ﺑﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻛﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﱄ ﻳﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺜﲑ ﻟﻼﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺃﻧﻪ ﰲ ‪ ۲۰۱۰‬ﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺒﺎﺏ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺇﻓﺮﻳﻘﻴﺎ ﺑﺮﺣﻠﺘﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻳﺐ ﺗﺎﻭﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻜﺮﻣﺔ ﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﻓﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺑﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﲤﺎﻣًﺎ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺟﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﱪ ﻧﻈﻴﻢ ﻛﺎﺭﻧﻜﺮﻭﺱ ﻭﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﺃﲪﺪ ﻫﺎﺭﻭﻥ ﺣﻮﺍﱄ ‪ ۱۱۰۰۰‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮ ﻣﺘﺮ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺣﻮﺍﱄ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻧﻈﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﻻ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻄﺎﺭ ﺑﺪﻻً ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻻﻧﺒﻌﺎﺛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﲡﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ ﻫﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺟﺪًّﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺳﺎﻓﺮﺕ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﱪﻉ ﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻴﺌﻲ ﳏﻠﻲ ﰲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﻴﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺧﻠﻔﺘﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﲟﺠﺮﺩ ﻗﻴﺎﻣﻚ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺴﻴﻂ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺯﺭﺍﻋﺔ‬
‫ﺷﺠﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻴﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ج ‪ -‬ﺷﺮاء اﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﺼﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬
‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻛﻮﻧﻚ ﻣﺴﺘﻬﻠﻜًﺎ ﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ .‬ﻟﺬﺍ ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﻭﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺮﺍﺭﻙ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﳑﺘﺎﺯﺓ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﲣﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﲑ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﺪ ﻳُﺤﺪﺛﻪ ﺍﳌﻼﻳﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻋﻲ ﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﳏﺎﺭﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻮﺙ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺷﺮﺍﺀ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺗﺒﻌﺚ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﳍﺎ ﺃﺛﺮ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺮﺗﻚ ﻭﳎﺘﻤﻌﻚ‪.‬‬
‫د ‪ -‬اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﺳﻴﺎﺣﺔ ذات ﻛﻔﺎءة‬
‫ﲟﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺮﺟﻊ ﻟﻚ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺳﺘﺴﺎﻓﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﳍﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﺘﻌﲔ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﲟﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻜﺮﺱ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﻬﺗﺎ ﻟﻠﺤﺠﺎﺝ ﺳﺘﺤﺮﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺻﻐﺎﺀ ﺟﻴﺪًﺍ ﳌﺎ ﻳﺴﺎﻭﺭﻙ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻠﻖ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﺍﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺼﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺘﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻙ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﳚﻮﺯ ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺩﻕ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺪﻯ ﻛﻮﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﻬﺗﺎ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺣﺼﻮﳍﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺠﺐ أﺧﺬﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎر ﻋﻨﺪ اﺧﺘﻴﺎرك ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ؟‬
‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻮﻳﺾ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺒﻌﺎﺛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﲡﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ؟‬
‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺩﻕ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ؟‬
‫ﻫﻞ ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺠﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﻫﻞ ﻫﻲ ﺣﺎﺻﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺟﻮﺍﺋﺰ ﺑﻴﺌﻴﺔ؟‬
‫ﻫﻞ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺃﻳﺔ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ ﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﶈﻠﻲ؟‬
‫ﻫ ‪ -‬ﻻ ﺗﺤﻀﺮ ﻣﻌﻚ أﻛﻴﺎس أو زﺟﺎﺟﺎت ﺑﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺤﺞ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻛﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺰﺟﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﺿﺎﺭﺓ ﺟﺪًّﺍ ﻟﻜﻮﻛﺐ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ؛ ﻟﺬﺍ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺇﳚﺎﺩ ﺑﺪﺍﺋﻞ ﳍﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻷﻛﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺎﺵ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺰﺟﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻌﻬﺎ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﻻ ﺗﺘﺤﻠﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻔﺘﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺰﻳﺌﺎﺕ ﺗﻠﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻫﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺻﻌﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﰎ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺣﻮﺍﱄ ‪ ۱۰۰‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺯﺟﺎﺟﺔ ﺑﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﳊﺞ ﰲ ‪ ،۲۰۱۰‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﲡﻨﺐ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ‪ .‬ﺇﺫً ﳝﻜﻦ ﻟﺘﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﺇﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻭﻕ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻭﺇﳚﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺞ‪.‬‬
‫ی ‪ -‬ﺷﺮاء ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﺘﺠﺎرة اﻟﻌﺎدﻟﺔ أو اﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎت اﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ‬
‫ڪﻠُﻭ ْﺍ َﻭ ۡ‬
‫"ﻭ ُ‬
‫ِﻳﻥ )‪ "(۳۱‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻻﻋﺭﺍﻑ‬
‫ٱﺷ َﺭﺑُﻭ ْﺍ َﻭ َﻻ ُﺗ ۡﺳ ِﺭﻓُ ٓﻭ ْۚﺍ ﺇِ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ۥ َﻻ ُﻳﺣِﺏﱡ ۡٱﻟﻣ ُۡﺳ ِﺭﻓ َ‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ‪َ :‬‬

‫ﳛﺬﺭ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﻑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻧﻌﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺻﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍﻫﺔ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ؛ ﺇﺫ ﺇﻧﻪ‬
‫ﱂ ﻳﺘﺮﻙ ﺷﻴﺌًﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻟﻪ ﺑﺪﺀً ﻣﻦ ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ ﻭﺣﱴ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺣﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ِﻳﻥ َءﺍ َﻣ ُﻧﻭ ْﺍ ُ‬
‫ڪﻠُﻭ ْﺍ‬
‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﻛﺪ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﳘﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺬﺍﺀ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺍﺯﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﻳُﺴﺘﻨﺒﻂ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪َ " :‬ﻳ ٰـٓﺄ َ ﱡﻳ َﻬﺎ ٱﻟﱠﺫ َ‬
‫ﺕ َﻣﺎ َﺭ َﺯ ۡﻗ َﻧ ٰـ ُﻛﻡۡ َﻭ ۡ‬
‫ﻭﻥ" )‪ (۱۷۲‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺑﻘﺭﺓ‬
‫ﻣِﻥ َﻁ ﱢﻳ َﺑ ٰـ ِ‬
‫ٱﺷ ُﻛﺭُﻭ ْﺍ ِ ﱠ ِ‬
‫ﻪﻠﻟ ﺇِﻥ ڪُﻧ ُﺗﻡۡ ﺇِﻳﱠﺎﻩُ َﺗ ۡﻌ ُﺑ ُﺩ َ‬

‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺭُﻭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫"ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺓ ﺣﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺮﻭﻕ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺓ ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺻﺤﺖ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺓ ﺻﺪﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻭﻕ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺳﻘﻤﺖ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺓ ﺻﺪﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻭﻕ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻘﻢ"‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻌﻨﺪ ﺷﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺯﺭﺍﻋﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺑﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ ﺧﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺒﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﺸﺮﻳﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﲰﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺔ؛ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﻻ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳋﻼﻳﺎ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻟﺔ ﻭﺭﺍﺛﻴًﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﰲ ﺯﺭﺍﻋﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻹﺷﻌﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﺬﻳﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺔ؛ ﳑﺎ ﳚﻌﻞ ﺷﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ ﺧﻴﺎﺭًﺍ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺻﺤﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻭﺍﺓ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﲔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺘﺠﲔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻣﻴﺔ ﺷﺮﻭﻃًﺎ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻟﻠﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ؛ ﳑﺎ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺪﺍﻣﺘﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﲤﻜﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻓﻊ ﺳﻌﺮ ﻋﺎﺩﻝ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﲢﻘﻖ ﳍﻢ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻴﺸﻴﺔ ﻭﺑﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ‪.‬‬

‫‪ ۷‬اﻟﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﻴﺶ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻮﻛﺐ اﻷرض‪:‬‬
‫ﺧﻔﺾ ﺑﺼﻤﺘﻚ اﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ أﺛﻨﺎء اﻟﺤﺞ‪ ،‬وﻋﺶ ﺣﻴﺎة ﺧﻀﺮاء ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺤﺞ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺪﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺋﺢ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺼﻤﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺣﱴ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ .‬ﻋﺮﺿﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﻛﻤﺴﺘﻬﻠﻚ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﳍﺎ ﺃﺛﺮ ﺇﳚﺎﰊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﺼﻤﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﻷﺛﺮ ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺘﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﺎﻷﺧﺺ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻲ ﻭﺛﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﲝﺠﻢ ﺍﻻﻧﺒﻌﺎﺛﺎﺕ )ﺛﺎﱐ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻥ( ﺍﻟﱵ ﲣﻠﻔﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻣﺴﺎﺭ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻚ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﻲ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺣﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﺩ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﺮﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﻓﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺍﺻﻼﺕ‪ ..‬ﺇﱁ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻃﻨﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻠﻮ ﻣﺘﺮﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﻟﻜﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺒﻌﺎﺛﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺛﺎﱐ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺰﺀﻳﻦ‪ :‬ﺑﺼﻤﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺃﻱ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻚ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻗﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺗﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﺸﺤﻦ ﻭﺗﻮﺻﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺤﻮل ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ وﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻔﺴﺪ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻬﻢ‪ .‬وإن‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ‪" :‬اﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻮن ﻗﻮم ﺣ ﱠﺮم ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ اﻟﻘﺮآن اﻻﻧﻐﻤﺎس ﻓﻰ اﻟﺬات اﻟﺪﻧﻴﻮﻳﺔ‪ .‬إﻧﻪ ُ‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﺠﻴﻦ ﻓﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ اﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻳﺤﺎول أن ﻳﺤﺮر ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻣﻦ أﻏﻼﻟﻬﺎ وﻗﻴﻮدﻫﺎ دون أن ﻳﺜﻖ ﺑﺸﻲء ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻠﻘﻰ رﺑﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ وﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬وﻫﻮ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬
‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﺎ أﻧﻪ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻤﻌﻪ وﺑﺼﺮﻩ وﻛﻞ أﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ"‪.‬‬
‫ً‬
‫ﺎﻑ َﻣ َﻘﺎ َﻡ َﺭ ﱢﺑﻪِۦ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱄ‪َ " :‬ﻓﺄَﻣﱠﺎ َﻣﻥ َﻁ َﻐ ٰﻰ )‪َ (۳۷‬ﻭ َءﺍ َﺛ َﺭ ۡٱﻟ َﺣ َﻳ ٰﻭ َﺓ ٱﻟ ﱡﺩ ۡﻧ َﻳﺎ )‪َ (۳۸‬ﻓﺈِﻥﱠ ۡٱﻟ َﺟﺣِﻳ َﻡ ﻫ َ‬
‫ِﻰ ۡٱﻟ َﻣ ۡﺄ َﻭ ٰﻯ )‪َ (۳۹‬ﻭﺃَﻣﱠﺎ َﻣ ۡﻥ َﺧ َ‬
‫ِﻰ ۡٱﻟ َﻣ ۡﺄ َﻭ ٰﻯ )‪ "(٤۱‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻧﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺱ َﻋ ِﻥ ۡٱﻟ َﻬ َﻭ ٰﻯ )‪َ (٤۰‬ﻓﺈِﻥﱠ ۡٱﻟ َﺟ ﱠﻧ َﺔ ﻫ َ‬
‫َﻭ َﻧ َﻬﻰ ٱﻟ ﱠﻧ ۡﻔ َ‬
‫ﳓﺘﺎﺝ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻏﺒﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺡ ﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺮﺍﻕ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺘﻤﻊ‪ .‬ﻭﳝﻨﺤﻨﺎ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻣﻞ ﰲ‬
‫ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻠﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﻏﺒﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﰲ ﺇﺭﺿﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺴﺎﻓﺮ ﺍﳌﻼﻳﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺮﻣﺔ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﻔﲑﺓ ﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻚ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻛﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ؛ ﳑﺎ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻭﺃﻧﺖ ﻣﻘﺒﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﲣﺎﺫ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺼﻤﺘﻚ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳊﺞ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﺆﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﺟﺒﻚ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﲡﻌﻞ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺣﺪﺛًﺎ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﺧﻀﺮﺍﺭًﺍ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻧﻚ ﻗﺪﻭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﺳﻮﺓ ﺣﺴﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺠﺎﺝ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻧﺸﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻬﺑﺎ ﰲ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍ‪-‬‬

‫ﺏ‪-‬‬
‫ﺝ‪-‬‬
‫ﺩ‪-‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺋﺢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺴﺘﻬﻠﻚ ﻏﺴﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺑﺲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺣﻮﺍﱄ ‪٤۱‬‬
‫ﺟﺎﻟﻮﻧًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻏﺴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻣﻮﺩﻳﻼﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺴﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻷﺟﺪﺩ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﺘﻬﻠﻚ‬
‫ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪ ۲۸‬ﺟﺎﻟﻮﻧًﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬

‫ا ‪ -‬اﺳﺘﻬﻼك اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء‬
‫ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻛﻤﺴﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﺃ ﲟﻨﺰﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻟﺬﺍ ﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﲟﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﻟﻠﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﺃﻃﻔﺊ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺧﻔﺾ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﻭﻳﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻋﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻀﺮﺍﺀ‪ -‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﺭﺍﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﺷﺠﺎﺭ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺷﺘﺮ ﳌﺒﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﻣﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ‪ -‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺘﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺻﻠﺢ ﻣﺎ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺇﺻﻼﺣﻪ ﺑﺪﻻً ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﺀ ﺑﻨﻮﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ؛ ﻟﺘﺠﻨﺐ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻛﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺎﻣﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺷﺘﺮ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻌﺒﺄﺓ ﺑﺄﻗﻞ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻠﻞ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻠﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﻟﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻭﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ ﻭﻏﲑﳘﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺷﺘﺮ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﺒﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﻔﻀﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﶈﻠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻤﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺑﺪﻳﻼً ﻣﻮﻓﺮًﺍ ﻟﻠﻤﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻤﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺗﻌﻄﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻹﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺛﻠﺚ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻈﻞ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﳌﺪﺓ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﺃﺿﻌﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﻠﻤﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ب ‪ -‬اﻟﻄﻌﺎم واﻟﺸﺮاب‬
‫ڪﻠُﻭ ْﺍ َﻭ ۡ‬
‫"ﻭ ُ‬
‫ِﻳﻥ )‪ "(۳۱‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻋﺭﺍﻑ‬
‫ٱﺷ َﺭﺑُﻭ ْﺍ َﻭ َﻻ ُﺗ ۡﺳ ِﺭﻓُ ٓﻭ ْﺍۚ ﺇِ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ ۥ َﻻ ُﻳﺣِﺏﱡ ۡٱﻟﻣ ُۡﺳ ِﺭﻓ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺄﻛﻞ ﺑﺄﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺻﺤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻛﻞ؛ ﻓﺎﳌﻐﺎﻻﺓ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺳﻴﺌﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺆﺩﻱ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﺻﺤﻴﺔ ﻋﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛُﻞْ ﻭﺍﺷﺮﺏ ﺑﻨﻈﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﻟﺘﺰﺍﻡ ﺑﺂﺩﺍﺏ ﺍﻷﻛﻞ )ﺍﺷﺘﺮ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺣُﺪﱠ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﲣﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻤﺎﻣﺘﻚ ﻭﻗﻤﺎﻣﺔ ﻏﲑﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﻭﻳﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﻠﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻮﻡ؛ ﻷﻥ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺷﻲ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﻃﺎﻗﺔ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻣﻦ ﺯﺭﺍﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺷﺘﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺍﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﳋﻀﺮﺍﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺰﺭﻭﻋﺔ ﳏﻠﻴًّﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺰﺭﺍﻋﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ؛ ﻷﻥ ﳐﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻫﻲ ﺛﺎﱐ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ج ‪ -‬اﻟﺴﻔﺮ‬
‫۬‬
‫ﻭﻥ )‪) "(۱٥‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻧﺣﻝ(‬
‫ﺽ َﺭ َﻭٲﺳِ َﻰ ﺃَﻥ َﺗﻣِﻳﺩَ ِﺑڪُﻡۡ َﻭﺃَ ۡﻧ َﮩ ٰـ ۬ﺭً ﺍ َﻭ ُﺳ ُﺑﻼً ﻟﱠ َﻌﻠﱠڪُﻡۡ َﺗ ۡﮩ َﺗ ُﺩ َ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱄ‪َ " :‬ﻭﺃَ ۡﻟ َﻘ ٰﻰ ﻓِﻰ ۡٱﻷَ ۡﺭ ِ‬
‫ﻓﻜﺮ ﰲ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﻓﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻓﻘﻂ‪ ،‬ﻓﻬﻮ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﺩﺍﺅﻩ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ؛ ﻓﺎﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺣﺞ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻓﻘﻂ‪ .‬ﻓﺒﺪﻻً ﻣﻦ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺳﺘﻨﻔﻘﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﰲ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﻓﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﰲ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮﺍﺀ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‪ .‬ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺣﻼﺕ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ ﲢﺮﻡ ﺷﺨﺼًﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬
‫ﻓﺮﻳﻀﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻮﺭ ﻭﺻﻮﻟﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﺭﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻮﺩﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺠﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻓﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﻟﺬﺍ ﻧﻘﺘﺮﺡ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺘﺮﻭ ﻣﻜﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﻣﺘﺮﻭ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻋﺮ ‪55‬ﺍﳌﻘﺪﺳﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻗﻄﺎﺭ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﺑﺪﺃ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ‪ ،2010‬ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺘﺮﻭ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺳﻴﺴﺎﻫﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﺣﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻮﺙ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻤﺘﺮو ﻣﻜﺔ‪:‬‬

‫ﰎ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻪ ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ‪ ۲.٥‬ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺣﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺳﻨﻮﻳًّﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﺎﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﲔ ﻣﲎ ﻭﺍﳌﺰﺩﻟﻔﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﻓﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﻘﺪﺭ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺑﺼﻔﺔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‪ ،‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺻﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺛﺎﱐ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﻣﺜﻞ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺘﺮﻭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻓﻼﺕ ﺃﻭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﲡﻨﺐ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻨﺰﻳﻦ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ ﻳﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻛﱪ ﺑﺼﻤﺔ ﻛﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺧﻔﺾ ﺳﻔﺮﻙ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻦ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻗﺪﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻣﻜﺎﻥ‪ .‬ﻭﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻄﲑﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻟﺘﻌﻮﻳﺾ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫د ‪ -‬ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ اﻟﻨﺼﺎﺋﺢ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﺷﺮﻧﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺧﻀﺮ‪ ،‬ﺃﻧﺖ ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﰒ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻻً ﻳُﺤﺘﺬﻯ ﺑﻪ ﰲ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﺶ ﺑﺄﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﻳﺮﺍﻋﻰ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳊﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺑﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﲡﻨﺐ ﺍﳌﻐﺎﻻﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ‪ .‬ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﰲ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻜﺘﺴﺒﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﳊﺞ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﺩﺗﻚ ﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺗﲔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﻲ ﻭﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺸﺠﻊ ﺃﺳﺮﺗﻚ ﻭﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻮﻛﺒﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻟﺘﻜﻦ ﺃﻧﺖ ﺣﺎﻓﺰًﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﲑ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﻊ‪ .‬ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺧﻼﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺍﻷﺧﻀﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺸﺠﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻭﺍﺠﻤﻟﺘﻤﻊ ﻭﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺔ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺩﻋﻢ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻟﺘﻤﻮﻳﻞ ﲣﻀﲑ ﺍﳌﺪﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺮﻯ ﺍﶈﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺩﻋﻢ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪۸‬‬

‫اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ واﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎت ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺎت واﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺎت ﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺣﺞ أﺧﻀﺮ‬

‫ﺿ ُﻛﻡۡ َﻓ ۡﻭ َﻕ َﺑ ۡﻌ ٍ ۬‬
‫ﺽ ﺩَ َﺭ َﺟ ٰـ ۬ ٍ‬
‫ﺏ َﻭﺇِ ﱠﻧ ُﻪ‬
‫ﱠﻙ َﺳ ِﺭﻳ ُﻊ ۡٱﻟ ِﻌ َﻘﺎ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫"ﻭﻫ َُﻭ ٱﻟﱠﺫِﻯ َﺟ َﻌ َﻠڪُﻡۡ َﺧ َﻠ ٰـٓ ِٕﯩ َ‬
‫ﺕ ﻟﱢ َﻳ ۡﺑﻠُ َﻭ ُﻛﻡۡ ﻓِﻰ َﻣﺎٓ َءﺍ َﺗ ٰﯩ ُﻛﻡۡ ۗ ﺇِﻥﱠ َﺭﺑ َ‬
‫ﺽ َﻭ َﺭ َﻓ َﻊ َﺑ ۡﻌ َ‬
‫ﻑ ۡٱﻷَ ۡﺭ ِ‬
‫۬‬
‫ۢ‬
‫ۥ َﻟ َﻐﻔُﻭ ٌﺭ ﺭﱠ ﺣِﻳ ُﻡ )‪ "(۱٦٥‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ‬
‫ﻧﻘﺪﻡ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻟﺘﺸﺠﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬
‫ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺭﺣﻼﺕ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻴﺖ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﻡ ﺭﺣﻼﺕ ﺧﻀﺮﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺘﻤﲎ ﻟﻜﻢ ﺣﺠًّﺎ ﻣﱪﻭﺭًﺍ ﻭﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛًﺎ ﻭﻣﻄﻬﺮًﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻠﻴﺌًﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﻤﲎ ﺃﻥ ﲡﺪﻭﺍ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻔﻴﺪًﺍ ﻭﻣﺘﻀﻤﻨﺎ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﺫﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻭﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺘﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺶ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻗﺼﲑﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻌﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻈﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺯﻧﺔ ﻟﻸﺟﻴﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺴﻨﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺃﺩﻳﻨﺎ ﻭﺍﺟﺒﻨﺎ ﻛﺨﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﷲ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺎ ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻫﻞ ﻣﺴﺎﳘﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﳍﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻠﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﲑﻩ‬
‫ﰲ ﺣﻠﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﺣﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻟﺘﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﲡﺎﻩ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺋﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺘﻨﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺣﺎﻥ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎﻓﻈﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﻫﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺎﻷﺧﺺ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‪ ،‬ﺑﻔﺮﺻﺔ ﺭﻳﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺗﺸﺠﻴﻊ ﺍﳊﺞ ﺍﻷﺧﻀﺮ‪ .‬ﳝﻜﻦ‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﲪﺎﻳﺔ ﲬﺴﺔ ﺃﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﺯﺩﻫﺎﺭ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ )ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﺿﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺑﻨﺪًﺍ ﺳﺎﺩﺳًﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﻮﺟﺐ ﲪﺎﻳﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ؛ ﻓﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﻟﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﳋﻤﺲ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻭﳚﺐ ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﲣﻀﻊ ﷲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺁﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﷲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ؛ ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﲨﻴﻊ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﳍﺎ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﺟﺒﺎﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩ ﺍﲣﺎﺫ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ ﳓﻮ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺣﺞ ﺃﺧﻀﺮ ﻭﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﺧﻀﺮﺍﺭًﺍ‪ ،‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺆﺩﻱ‬
‫ﺩﻭﺭًﺍ ﺃﻛﱪ ﰲ ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻱ ﻟﻠﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ‪ .‬ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻷﺧﲑ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺘﺮﺣﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﻻﺗﺒﺎﻉ‬
‫ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻛﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ‪:‬‬
‫اﻟﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺨﻠﻔﺎت‪:‬‬
‫ﺧﻔﺾ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺰﺟﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﳊﺞ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻷﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﺗﺘﺤﻠﻞ ﻭﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻔﺘﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ‬
‫‬‫ﺟﺰﻳﺌﺎﺕ ﺗﻠﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﺑﺎﻫﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺻﻌﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻛﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﺒﺤﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺠﺎﺟﻴﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‬‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﳊﺴﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﺑﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﳋﻔﺾ ﺗﺪﻓﻖ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﻭﺇﻫﺪﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﰲ ﻣﺮﺍﻓﻖ ﺍﳊﺞ‪.‬‬
‫‬‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﺸﻤﺴﻴﺔ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﳌﺨﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﰲ ﻣﲎ ﻟﻺﻧﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺗﻜﻴﻴﻒ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫‬‫ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﻡ ﻭﺃﻧﻔﺎﻗﻪ ﺍﳌﻜﻴﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‬‫ﰲ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺝ )ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺩﻕ(‪.‬‬
‫‬‫اﻟﺴﻔﺮ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﺩﻡ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺻﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﻊ‪.‬‬
‫‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻼﺕ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﺧﻀﺮﺍﺭًﺍ‪.‬‬
‫‪-‬‬

‫اﻟﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬
‫ﻋﻘﺪ ﻭﺭﺵ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﳌﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﲔ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‬‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ ﰲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳊﺞ‪.‬‬
‫‬‫ﺗﺸﺠﻴﻊ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﶈﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ‪ /‬ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﺭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫‬‫اﻟﻤﺒﺎﻧﻲ واﻟﺠﻮاﻣﻊ واﻟﻤﺪن اﻟﺨﻀﺮاء‬
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‫ﲣﻀﲑ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﱐ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﳉﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻭﺍﳌﺪﺍﺭﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋﻘﺪ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﲔ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺋﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﶈﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﻓﲑ ﻣﺪﻥ ﺧﻀﺮﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻺﻧﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺗﻜﻴﻴﻒ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻣﺼﻨﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺪﺍﻣﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﺪ ﻻ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﺳﻬﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﺴﺘﻐﺮﻕ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬﻫﺎ؛ ﻟﻜﻦ ﳚﺐ ﺇﺗﺒﺎﻋﻬﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﺃﻥ ﳓﻘﻖ ﺗﻘﺪﻣًﺎ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻴًّﺎ ﰲ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺧﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ ﳓﺚ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﳉﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﳜﻲ ﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﻷﺯﻣﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻬﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﳓﻦ ﺩﺍﺋﻤًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﻥ ﳌﻦ ﻳﺮﻏﺐ ﰲ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﲑ ﳓﻮ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ‪.‬‬
‫ٱﻪﻠﻟ َﻻ ﻳ َُﻐ ﱢﻳ ُﺭ َﻣﺎ ِﺑ َﻘ ۡﻭ ٍﻡ َﺣ ﱠﺗ ٰﻰ ﻳ َُﻐ ﱢﻳﺭُﻭ ْﺍ َﻣﺎ ِﺑﺄَﻧﻔُﺳِ ِﮩﻡۡ ۗ )‪ "(۱۱‬ﺳﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺭﻋﺩ‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‪" :‬ﺇِﻥﱠ ﱠ َ‬