guide tque fr fr en gb C.pdf
We are here in an area built
from the 19th century.
The traffic began to settle here in 1840. Prior to 1830, there were
only fields and gardens. Cours Carnot is actually an extension of
the old town and it was designed to connect the train station
(opened in 1877) and the city centre.
Prior to this, there was the St Pierre creek, which ran along the
foothills of the Cativel district.
It had been deflected in the years 1864-1869, through the “Lou
Perça” which has been dug under the Cativel hill
(old town), to leave room for Cours Carnot. It is the first sewer
(1868) and the first works of sanitation.
Place de Gueydan
The fountain had been built in 1901 and it is the
Marquis Alphonse de Gueidan’s bust. This fountain
had been moved several times. Originally in the
middle of the road, it was removed in the 1950s
(car based urban planning), and was reinstated
in the 1990s, where you can see it now.
For history, Pierre de Gueydan was Counsellor at
the Court of Audit of Provence and bought in
1683 the castle and the domain of Valabre. It is his greatgrandsonLouis Joseph Alphonse de Gueydan, who will then have
the management of these domains. After his death, this is his wife:
The Marquise, who inherits from these domains. En 1882, when she
died, she bequeathed to the town of Gardanne all the property she
had inherited, with the obligation to base in Valabre an “agronomic
institute”. The agricultural school had been replaced nowadays by
secondary school, built on lands which are part of the legacy. You
can find at the castle the Civil Defence.