english grammar for beginners.pdf


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Silence is golden, speech is silver
THE USES AND FORMATION OF THE ENGLISH VERB TENSES
The Uses of the English Tenses
Type of Tense

Type of Action Expressed

Simple

- actions occurring at regular intervals
- general truths, or situations existing for a period of time
- non-continuous actions

Continuous

- continuous, ongoing actions

Perfect

- non-continuous actions completed before a certain time

Perfect Continuous- continuous, ongoing actions completed before a certain time
The Formation of the Indicative Mood of the Active Voice
Tense
FSimple Present

Auxiliary
do/does

Verb form
bare infinitive

Present Continuous

am/is/are

present participle

Present Perfect

have/has

past participle

Present Perfect Continuous

have/has been

present participle

Simple Past

did

bare infinitive

Past Continuous

was/were

present participle

Past Perfect

had

Past Perfect Continuous

had been

Simple Future

will (shall)

bare infinitive

Future Continuous

will (shall) be

present participle

Future Perfect

will (shall) have

past participle

Future Perfect Continuous

will (shall) have been present participle

Verb

past participle
present participle

English Grammar for Beginners By: M.L.Kulabdeen

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