EXPORTING TO THE UNITED STATES .pdf
Nom original: EXPORTING TO THE UNITED STATES.pdf
Titre: EXPORTING TO THE UNITED STATES
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EXPORTING TO THE
Transparency in Action!
Presented by PAUL HARRISON, Chief - Political &
U.S. Embassy, Madagascar
March 16th, 2017
Exporting to the United States is as
Easy as 1-2-3!!!
1 – Have a product to export!
2 – Have a customer in the United States!
3 – Hire a commercial shipper to transport the goods!
- Commercial shippers handle the requirement to clear
cargo in advance
BUT - Must My Cargo be Declared in
But it is pretty simple
U.S. Requirements for Cargo
Declaration in Advance
The U.S. Customs 24-hour advance Cargo Manifest
Since December 2002, the United States has required
ALL ocean carriers and non-vessel operating common
carriers (NVOCC) to submit a complete cargo manifest
at least 24-hours before cargo loading if the vessel is
calling on a U.S. port directly.
Trade Act of 2002
Advance Declaration of Cargo
It is not just for ships: The final rule (est. Dec 2003)
provides for advance manifest regulations for all modes of
transportation both in and out of the United States.
Required transmission times are as follows:
Vessels: 24 hours before lading in a foreign port if non-bulk
cargo, 24 hours before arrival for bulk cargo
Air: 4 hours
Rail: 2 hours
Truck: 1 hour
Trade Act of 2002
All sea, air and rail carriers are required to use one of
the automated systems:
Automated Manifest System (AMS) - used for electronic
Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) - the latest
and greatest automated system from CBP;
NVOCCs may choose to automate. Those who do not
must provide the required information to the carrier
for transmission to U.S. Customs & Border Protection
Full name & address of shipper/owner
Full name & address of buyer/consignee/receiver
Full name & address of responsible party
Type of goods
UN code for dangerous goods
U.S. & EU Requirements – a Lot a Like
The European Union also has an advance cargo
declaration regime since January 2011.
all cargo declarations must be made electronically
container cargo requires at least 24 hours before
commencement of loading in each foreign port
Shipping lines require customers to provide specified
information well in advance of shipment in order to
allow them to comply with the Regime
Why Are U.S. Customs Procedures
This is the Benjamin Franklin, a
398 meters (435 yards) long
container ship that will carry
containers between China and
It is one of the biggest vessels
in the world.
Standing on its end, it would
dwarf the Eiffel Tower.
It carries 18,000 containers.
Trade Act 2002
Who Can transmit to U.S. Customs?
Only an authorized transmitting party can transmit
cargo declaration data to U.S. Customs & Border
An authorized transmitting party is an entity
approved by CBP to transmit cargo declaration data.
Under Automated Commercial Environment (ACE)
manifests are created from data transmitted to the
(CBP) Data Center by participating carrier, NVOCC,
port authority, or service bureau computers.
Madagascar & the United States
1) Did you know? Madagascar exported goods to the
United States for decades;
2) The highpoint of textile imports under AGOA came
in 2004 when exports culminated at $300 million;
3) The AGOA program was suspended in 2009 due to
the coup but resumed in December 2014;
4) AGOA exports have been growing:
2015 - $ 22 million - FOB Tamatave – 1 012 MT
2016 - $ 48 million - FOB Tamatave – 2 075 MT
Export figures from Madagascar to
the United States (Dec 2016)
Total in $
Above data shows a continuous growth (+20%) of exports which demonstrates
the ease of doing business with U.S. firms. The United States ranks as the
second export destination country for Madagascar.
Why is it so Easy to export from
Madagascar to the United States?
The shipping lines understand the processing requirements and are
able to produce the required cargo manifest information to U.S.
Customs and Border Protection;
Goods exported from Madagascar to the United States have an
intermediate stop (Durban, Antwerp, etc.), which ensures compliance
to the “mandatory declaration 24 hour prior to unloading”;
Most goods are loaded FCL (full container load) which reduces
potential security threat once inspected by the custom at origin;
AND MOST IMPORTANTLY - Tamatave port has received a waiver from
the U.S. Coast Guard visit in 2014.
Okay – maybe more importantly – Madagascar has products that
Americans want to buy! Chocolate, textiles, vanilla, spices, etc.
Container Security Initiative
The Container Security Initiative (CSI) was launched in 2002
by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to increase
security for container cargo shipped to the United States.
CSI consists of four core elements:
Using data to identify containers that pose a risk for
Pre-screening those containers that pose a risk at the port of
Using detection technology to quickly pre-screen containers.
Using smarter, tamper-evident containers.
INTERNATIONAL SHIP AND PORT
FACILITY SECURITY CODE (ISPS)
The ISPS Code is a comprehensive set of measures to
enhance the security of ships and port facilities in the
wake of the 9/11 attacks in the United States - (IMO)
Includes security requirements for ships and ports:
Training- exercises-record keeping-security practices
For ports – like Tamatave – the port must have security
measures and procedures in place.
Port facility security assessment is an essential and
integral part of ISPS compliance.
U.S. Coast Guard International Port
Security Act 2002
Section 70108 provides
for foreign port
U.S. Coast Guard
conducts assessments to
help foreign ports comply
May 2016 Visit Results
Problems remain, but
vessels from Tamatave
will remain exempt.
Most areas for
improvement are low
cost, enforcement issues.
Thank You for Your Attention!