American Civilization Booklet, 8th ed. (updated) .pdf

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American Civilization LA10BM71 - 2016-2017

American Civilization


Christophe Tournu
LSHA - Département des Langues Étrangères Appliquées



American Civilization LA10BM71 - 2016-2017

Table of contents

Course #1: Physical and Human Geography of the US (Part 1)
Land Regions of the USA

The Eight Physiographic Divisions of the US

Climate Zones of the Continental US

A Physiographic Map of the US, Showing the States

Another Physiographic Map, Showing Different Towns

Map of the 50 States and Capitals

Census Regions and Divisions of the US

Commonwealths and Territories of the US

The Top 10 Places to visit in the US

Course #2: Physical and Human Geography of the US (Part 2)

Figure 1: The Original Thirteen Colonies

Figure 2: States and Territories of the US 1789-90

Figure 3: Evolution of the US Population

Figure 4: The US Population by Region (2008)

Figure 5: Percent of the US Population by Race (2010)

Figure 6: Percent of Hispanics

Figure 7: Hispanics in the US






FOCUS : The 10 Largest Hispanic Origin Groups:
Characteristics, Rankings, Top Counties

Course #3: Myth and History

Many Feel the American Dream Is Out of Reach, Poll Shows
History: A Nation Divided 1861-65 / The Slave Trade
Les grandes dates de l’histoire des Etats-Unis

Course #4: US Political Institutions

The US Constitution for Dummies

List of US Presidents

How to Become President of the US

Course #5: The US Economy and Welfare

The 10 Megaregions

US National Debt Clock

Holders of US Debt

The US Balance of Trade

The Situation of Unemployment in US

Course #6: American Culture


1. 1. Religious Shifts in the US

1. 2. Two studies

1. 2. a America Still a 'Religious Nation,' Gallup Poll Finds
1. 2. b As Protestants Decline, Those With No Religion Gain
1. 3. Geographical distribution of religion


Violence in the US

US Culture, a Gun Culture?


The American World

Who loves and hates America:
A revealing map of global opinion toward the U.S.

Examens 2014-15 (1re session)

The World As We Know

The United States of Shame

The United States of Awesome

A Physical Map of the USA

USA Map, Clipped with Capital Cities, Major Cities & Labels
















American Civilization LA10BM71 - 2016-2017

Course #1: Physical and Human Geography of the US (Part 1)


The 8 Physiographic Divisions of the US

1. The Gulf and Atlantic coastal plains

3. The Interior Plains

5. The Rockies


2. The Appalachians

4. The Interior Highlands:

6. The Intermontane Plateaus
(a) The Colorado Plateau

(b) The Basin and Range Province

(c) The Columbia Plateau

American Civilization LA10BM71 - 2016-2017

7. The Pacific system (Cascade Range
and Sierra Nevada)

US Climate zones

8. The Laurentian Uplands

A Physiographic Map of the US, Showing the States


Another Physiographic Map, Showing Different Towns

Map of the 50 States and Capitals


Census Regions and Divisions of the US

Commonwealths and Territories of the US


You will find another physical map of the USA at the end of this booklet, p. 85.

You will find a USA Map, Clipped with Capital Cities, Major Cities & Labels at the end of this
booklet (p. 86).


The Top Places to visit in the US


American icons, such as the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State
Building, and Times Square, are just a few of the attractions to see in
New York City, America's most populous and most popular city. Also
known as the "Big Apple," New York City is a favorite destination for
both domestic and international visitors.



The lure of Hollywood, international celebrities, and the mild breezes
from the Pacific Ocean make Los Angeles one an obvious addition to the
list of top U.S. tourist destinations. Visit our guide to Los Angeles to learn
more about L.A.'s famous beaches, such as Malibu or Santa Monica,
shopping on Rodeo Drive, touring Beverly Hills, and more.


Chicago has long been called the "Second City," coming in second to
New York City in both size and population. A beacon in the Midwest,
Chicago is actually third in population these days but it has a skyline,
restaurants, shopping, museums, and activities to easily rival NYC and

The United States' capital city, Washington, DC, has miles of
museums and monuments – almost all of which are free – thereby
making it one of the most visited cities in the United States



Most tourists go to Las Vegas to try their luck at its famous casinos. But
Las Vegas also has blockbuster shows, world class shopping, and top
notch restaurants, all of which make this city a true desert oasis and a top
U.S. travel destination.


Symbolized by the red rafters of the Golden Gate Bridge, this
legendary city on the San Francisco Bay is known for its
neighborhoods, such as Chinatown and the hippie-turned-haute
enclave of Haight-Ashbury. While San Francisco is an ideal city for
nature lovers as well as the jet set, it is also a great jumping-off point for
trips to the vineyard estates in Napa Valley or to the colossal tech
campuses of Silicon Valley.

Say "Aloha" to Hawaii, a top U.S. destination that is also an island
paradise. From the natural beauty of its beaches and volcanoes to its rich
South Pacific culture, Hawaii is the perfect U.S. destination if you're
looking to really get away from it all.



An incredible geological wonder stretching over 200 miles, the
Grand Canyon is a deep ravine carved out by the Colorado River
over thousands of years. Located in the state of Arizona, the Grand
Canyon is a top destination to visit in the Southwest United States and
one of the most popular of U.S. National Parks.

Beautiful beaches, family-friendly attractions like Disneyworld,
and the Latino culture and style of Miami make Florida, also known

as the "Sunshine State," one of the most popular states in the U.S. for
visitors. Learn more about the cities, theme parks, and everything else
that Florida has to offer.

New Orleans is all about festivals, French roots, and a "laissezfaire" attitude, making it a distinctly different – and popular –
destination among tourists from the U.S. and abroad. From Mardi
Gras, New Orleans' biggest party, to Jazz Fest, one of the world's
most respected gatherings of jazz musicians, there are plenty of
ways to "let the good times roll" in The Big Easy.


Course #2: Physical and Human Geography of the US (Part 2)

Figure 1: The Original Thirteen Colonies

Figure 2: States and Territories of the US 1789-90


Figure 3: Evolution of the US Population

Figure 4: US population by region

US population by region (2008)

Séries1, West,
70 854 948,

Northeast, 54
924 779, 18%

Séries1, South,
111 718 549,
Midwest, 66
561 448, 22%


Figure 5: Percent of the US Population by Race (2010)
Séries1, AIAN, 3
188, 1%
Séries1, Black, 39
909, 13%

Séries1, Asian, 14
415, 5%

Séries1, NHPI,
592, 0%

Séries1, Two
or more
races, 5 499,

Séries1, White,
246 630, 79%

The US population by race (2010)

This chart does not show Hispanics and Not Hispanics. Hispanics are NOT a race,
but may be of any race.

Figure 6: Percent of Hispanics

Hispanic and Not Hispanic in the US
49726, 16%
population (2010)

Séries1, Not
260507, 84%


Figure 7: Hispanics in the US (released: August 27, 2012)

The 10 Largest Hispanic Origin Groups: Characteristics, Rankings, Top


Among the 50.7 million Hispanics in the United States, nearly two-thirds (65%), or
33 million, self-identify as being of Mexican origin, according to tabulations of the
2010 American Community Survey (ACS) by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of
the Pew Research Center. No other Hispanic subgroup rivals the size of the Mexicanorigin population. Puerto Ricans, the nation’s second largest Hispanic origin group,
make up just 9% of the total Hispanic population in the 50 states and the District of
Overall, the 10 largest Hispanic origin groups—Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans,
Salvadorans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, Colombians, Hondurans, Ecuadorians and
Peruvians—make up 92% of the U.S. Hispanic population.2 Six Hispanic origin
groups have populations greater than 1 million.
Hispanic origin groups differ from each other in a number of ways. For instance, U.S.
Hispanics of Mexican origin have the lowest median age, at 25 years, while Hispanics
of Cuban origin have the highest median age, at 40 years. Colombians are the most
likely to have a college degree (32%) while Salvadorans are the least likely (7%).
Ecuadorians have the highest annual median household income ($50,000) while
Dominicans have the lowest ($34,000). Half of Hondurans do not have health
insurance—the highest share among Hispanic origin groups. By contrast, just 15% of
Puerto Ricans do not have health insurance.
Top Regions and Counties


Hispanic subgroups also differ in their states, regions and counties of geographic
concentration. Mexicans, Salvadorans and Guatemalans are largely concentrated in
western states, while Cubans, Colombians, Hondurans and Peruvians are largely
concentrated in the South. The largest numbers of Puerto Ricans, Dominicans and
Ecuadorians are in the Northeast.
The nation’s Cuban population is the most concentrated. Nearly half (48%) live in
one county—Miami-Dade County in Florida. Miami-Dade County is also home to the
nation’s largest Colombian, Honduran and Peruvian communities.
For Mexicans, Salvadorans and Guatemalans, Los Angeles County in California
contains each group’s largest community. Los Angeles County alone contains 9% of
the nation’s Hispanic population. Bronx County in New York contains the largest
Puerto Rican and Dominican populations. And Queens County in New York contains
the largest Ecuadorian population.


Course #3: Myth and History

1. Myth

Many Feel the American Dream Is Out of Reach, Poll Shows
Date published: DECEMBER 10, 2014 3:29 PM

The public has a bleaker view of upward mobility than it did after the 2008 financial crisis, according to a New
York Times poll, despite an improving economy and an increase in jobs.

Despite an improving economy and jobs picture, the public is more pessimistic than it was after the 2008
financial crisis that it is possible to work hard and become rich, according to a New York Times poll.
The poll, which explored Americans’ opinions on a wide range of economic and financial issues, found
that only 64 percent of respondents said they still believed in the American dream, the lowest result in
roughly two decades. Even near the depth of the financial crisis in early 2009, 72 percent of Americans
still believed that hard work could result in riches.
“Things have changed a lot,” Michael Herdmann, a 54-year-old retired public works employee from
Fairview Park, Ohio, said in a follow-up interview. “The decks have been stacked against not only the
lower class but also the lower middle class.”


“The modern-day politician has lost track of why the welfare programs were put in place,” he added.
“They don’t understand that part of the reason we help the poor to buy food was also to help fund the
farmers. They have systemically reduced most of what was there to help the poor.”
The significant drop in faith comes as the nation added 321,000 jobs last month and average hourly
earnings for ordinary workers increased much more than expected. The economy is also being buoyed by
a drop in oil prices, putting more money in the pockets of average Americans as the holiday season
Notwithstanding the bleaker view of upward mobility, the majority of those polled said they were more
concerned about the possibility that too much regulation in Washington could stymie the economy than
they were about the prospect of inequality. Fifty-four percent of respondents said that “over-regulation
that may interfere with economic growth” was a bigger problem than “too little regulation that may create
an unequal distribution of wealth.” Only 38 percent said that too little regulation posed a bigger problem.

That answer was particularly noteworthy given the persistent concerns among economists and politicians
from both parties about a growing gap between the wealthiest Americans and the middle class.
“I don’t know what you mean by an unequal distribution of wealth,” said Robert Monti, a 74-year-old
retired social studies teacher from Niagara Falls, N.Y., who identified himself as “a registered Democrat
but haven’t voted Democrat in years.”
He said, “It’s a proven fact that everybody can’t make the same amount of money, and it’s a ridiculous
assumption that they can. You’ll never have economic equality. Ever.”
Still, the poll showed that a slim 52 percent majority of Americans think the country’s economic system is
fair, giving everyone an equal opportunity to succeed; 45 percent think it is unfair. Those with higher
household incomes were more likely to believe the system is fair.

The definition of “rich” appears to vary greatly. Twenty-six percent of respondents in the Northeast said
that an annual income of $100,000 to $199,000 constituted a “rich” family. In the Midwest, 22 percent of
respondents said a family earning less than $100,000 could be considered “rich.” Only 7 percent of
Americans think a family of four needs a seven-figure annual household income to be considered rich.
Almost half of Americans polled rated the nation’s economy as good — a 9 percentage-point
improvement since a year ago. But a plurality think the economy is stagnating rather than improving or
worsening, perhaps because most — nearly six in 10 — report their own household financial situation as
staying the same. More than three-quarters say they are concerned about having enough money for
retirement, with those between the ages of 30 and 64 most concerned.
Despite widespread gains by Republicans in the midterm elections, neither party appears to hold a
significant edge on its handling of the economy or job creation. Americans are divided along party lines,


while independents think Republicans are more likely to do a better job on both, the poll showed.
As the economy has improved, so too has Americans’ view of the stock market. Some 70 percent of
Americans view the stock market as “risky,” but that was down from 2008, when 79 percent said it was
“risky.” Only a slim majority — 52 percent — thinks the stock market unfairly benefits rich investors at
the expense of average Americans.
Still, almost six years after the height of the financial crisis, Americans’ wariness about the banking
industry that was at its center remains. Only 4 percent of respondents said they had “a lot” of confidence
“in Wall Street bankers and brokers,” though 31 percent said they had “some” confidence in Wall Street.
Nonetheless, 44 percent said they trusted their own bank “a lot,” and 37 percent said they trusted their
banks “some.”

“We are in a period of general distrust of institutions, and banks are in particularly weak position after the
economic meltdown in 2008-2009, including congressional investigations and legislative actions,” said
Michael Traugott, a professor of political science at the University of Michigan.
In explaining how Americans could distrust Wall Street yet trust their own bank, Professor Traugott said:
“Virtually everyone operates with a local bank (no one is keeping money under their mattress anymore),
so they have to have greater faith in place where they have checking, savings and credit cards. And the
system works for them in their daily lives.”
That may be the case, but Americans are worried about the security of their accounts, especially online.
Nearly nine in 10 Americans polled say they are concerned that their personal information — Social
Security number, cellphone number or bank account numbers — might be stolen. Four in five are
apprehensive about retailers’ ability to keep their personal information secure when making purchases.
That comes as huge retailers like Home Depot and Target have suffered hacking attacks. Two in five
respondents said they had aborted an online purchase because of security concerns.
The nationwide telephone poll was conducted Dec. 4 to 7 with 1,006 adults on landline and cellphones
and has a margin of sampling error of plus or minus four percentage points.
Marina Stefan contributed reporting.
Poll Finds a More Bleak View of American Dream
Despite an improving economy and jobs picture, the public is more pessimistic than it was after the 2008
financial crisis that it is possible to work hard and become rich, according to a New York Times poll.


2. History
Document 1: A Nation Divided 1861-65

Document 2 : The Slave Trade




Course #4: US Political Institutions

Document 1: The Original US Constitution
“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic
Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to
ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

U.S. Constitution For Dummies
by Michael Arnheim
The U.S. Constitution was written and signed by men who craved independence from
Britain but who were nonetheless steeped in its history and ideals. The U.S.
Constitution starts with some basic precepts of English governance, but then adds
some uniquely American twists — three branches of government that act to check
and balance each other, for example. Although much thought went into the
Constitution, the Framers left it open to amendment. The first ten amendments were
ratified just four years after the Constitution itself and are known as the Bill of Rights.

The U.S. Constitution and the Establishment of
The U.S. Constitution, as adopted by the Philadelphia Convention on September 17,
1787, sets out three distinct branches of national government and provides powers to
each that serve as a check on the others. The following sections offer key facts about
each branch.

The Executive Branch: The President
The highest elected official in the United States, the President
• Is Commander in Chief of the U.S. armed forces. However, only Congress can
actually declare war.
• Has the power to veto legislation passed by both houses of Congress (the House
of Representatives and the Senate). Congress can override the veto only with
a two-thirds majority.
• Appoints Cabinet officers, Supreme Court justices, and many other officials —
subject to confirmation by the Senate.

The Legislative Branch: Congress
The Constitution provides for two houses of Congress: the House of Representatives
and the Senate. The population of a state determines how many people it elects to
the House of Representatives. Each state elects two Senators, so the Senate offers
an equal playing field for small states and large states.
Congress has the power to make all federal laws, and only the House can introduce

tax legislation. The Senate has the power to confirm or deny the President’s
appointments to the Cabinet, the Supreme Court, and other key positions.

The Judicial Branch: The Supreme Court
Each justice is nominated by the President, confirmed by the Senate, and has the
opportunity to serve in that position for life as long as he or she demonstrates what
the Constitution calls “Good Behaviour.” The Supreme Court effectively determines
what the Constitution means.

The U.S. Constitution’s First Ten Amendments: The Bill of
Some of the signers of the U.S. Constitution felt the need to spell out the rights of
individual citizens in contrast to the establishment of the powers of the federal
government enumerated in the Constitution itself. Thus, the first ten amendments to
the Constitution, called the Bill of Rights, were ratified as a group by December 15,
1791. They are:
• Amendment I: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or
prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the
press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the
Government for a redress of grievances.
• Amendment II: A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the
right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.
• Amendment III: No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the
consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
• Amendment IV: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and
effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no
Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and
particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be
• Amendment V: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous
crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising
in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or
public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in
jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness
against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of
law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
• Amendment VI: In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy
and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall
have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law,
and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with
the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his
favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
• Amendment VII: In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed
twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury,
shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to
the rules of the common law.


• Amendment VIII: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor
cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
• Amendment IX: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be
construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
• Amendment X: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor
prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

Who Signed the U.S. Constitution?
The 38 signers of the U.S. Constitution were delegates from the original states who
gathered several times and in several places, first drafting the Declaration of
Independence, and then, after the colonists defeated the British army and won
independence, writing the U.S. Constitution. The signers of the two documents have
some overlap — Benjamin Franklin signed both, but John Hancock wrote large only
on the Declaration of Independence. The delegates are here grouped by the states
they represented:
• Connecticut: William Samuel Johnson, Roger Sherman
• Delaware: George Read, Gunning Bedford Jr., John Dickinson, Richard Bassett,
Jacob Broom
• Georgia: William Few, Abraham Baldwin
• Maryland: James McHenry, Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Daniel Carroll
• Massachusetts: Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King
• New Hampshire: John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman
• New Jersey: William Livingston, David Brearley, William Paterson, Jonathan
• New York: Alexander Hamilton
• North Carolina: William Blount, Richard Dobbs Spaight, Hugh Williamson
• Pennsylvania: Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robert Morris, George
Clymer, Thomas FitzSimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson, Gouverneur
• South Carolina: John Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler
Virginia: George Washington (President and deputy), John Blair, James Madison

The full text of the US Constitution is available at :


Document 2: List of US Presidents
18th century
1. George Washington (1789-1797)
2. John Adams (1797-1801)
19th century
3. Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809)
4. James Madison (1809-1817)
5. James Monroe (1817-1825)
6. John Quincy Adams (1825-1829)
7. Andrew Jackson (1829-1837)
8. Martin Van Buren (1837-1841)
9. William Henry Harrison (1841)
10. John Tyler (1841-1845)
11. James K. Polk (1845-1849)
12. Zachary Taylor (1849-1850)
13. Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)
14. Franklin Pierce (1853-1857)
15. James Buchanan (1857-1861)
16. Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865)
17. Andrew Johnson (1865-1869)
18. Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877)
19. Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881)
20. James A. Garfield (1881)
21. Chester Arthur (1881-1885)
22. Grover Cleveland (1885-1889)
23. Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893)
24. Grover Cleveland (1893-1897)
25. William McKinley (1897-1901)

20th century
26. Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909)
27. William Howard Taft (1909-1913)
28. Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)
29. Warren G. Harding (1921-1923)
30. Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)
31. Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)
32. Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945)
33. Harry S Truman (1945-1953)
34. Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961)
35. John F. Kennedy (1961-1963)
36. Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969)
37. Richard Nixon (1969-1974)
38. Gerald Ford (1974-1977)
39. Jimmy Carter (1977-1981)
40. Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)
41. George Bush (1989-1993)
42. Bill Clinton (1993-2001)
21st century
43. George W. Bush (2001-2009)
44. Barack Obama (2009-2016)
45. Donald Trump (2017-present)

For more information, see


Document 3: How to become President of the US



Course #5: The US Economy and Welfare
The 10 Megaregions

The Outstanding Public Debt as of 3 March 2017
at 03:24:00 PM GMT is:
Each citizen's share of
this debt is $61,558.
French national debt : €2,192bn
(source :


Holders of the US debt :
Much of the US debt is held by the private sector, but about 40 percent is held by
public entities, including parts of the government. I list only foreign countries :
U.S. debt holdings: $1.132 trillion The largest foreign holder of U.S. Treasury
securities, China currently has $1.132 trillion in American debt
U.S. debt holdings: $1.038 trillion One of the U.S.'s largest trade partners, Japan is
also one of the U.S.'s largest debt holders, currently owning $1.038 trillion in
Treasury securities.
N°3 : The UK
U.S. debt holdings: $429.4 billion The U.K. currently holds $429.4 billion in U.S.
debt, but the country's investment has fluctuated dramatically during the past two



Unemployment Rate Rises To 4.8% In
US unemployment rate rose to 4.8 percent in January 2017 from 4.7
percent in the previous month and above market expectations of
4.7 percent. The number of unemployed persons was almost
unchanged at 7.6 million while the labor force participation rate
increased by 0.2 percentage point to 62.9 percent.
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Asians (3.7
percent) increased in January. The jobless rates for adult men (4.4
percent), adult women (4.4 percent), teenagers (15.0 percent), Whites
(4.3 percent), Blacks (7.7 percent), and Hispanics (5.9 percent) showed
little or no change over the month.
In January, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for
27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 1.9 million and
accounted for 24.4 percent of the unemployed. Over the year, the
number of long-term unemployed has declined by 244,000.
After accounting for the annual adjustments to the population controls,
the civilian labor force increased by 584,000 in January, and the
labor force participation rate rose by 0.2 percentage point to 62.9
percent. Total employment, as measured by the household survey,
was up by 457,000 over the month, and the employment-population
ratio edged up to 59.9 percent.


The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons
(sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little
changed in January at 5.8 million. These individuals, who would have
preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their
hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find full-time
There were 1.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor
force, down by 337,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally
adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and
were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior
12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the
marginally attached, there were 532,000 discouraged workers in
January, little changed from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are
persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are
available for them. The remaining 1.2 million persons marginally
attached to the labor force in January had not searched for work for
reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.
BLS | Joana Ferreira |
2/3/2017 1:39:01 PM


Course #6: American Culture

1. Religion

1. 1. Religious shifts in the US

In U.S., 77% Identify as Christian

Eighteen percent have no explicit religious
by Frank Newport
PRINCETON, NJ -- The large majority of Americans -- 77% of
the adult population -- identify with a Christian religion, including
52% who are Protestants or some other non-Catholic Christian
religion, 23% who are Catholic, and 2% who affiliate with the
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Another 18% of
Americans do not have an explicit religious identity and 5%
identify with a non-Christian religion.


1. 2. Two studies

America Still a 'Religious Nation,' Gallup Poll Finds
Survey Reveals Miss. to Be 'Most Religious' State, While Vt., NH 'Least
A new poll from the Gallup Organization reveals that although "state culture" influences one's
religiosity, America is still, overall, a religious nation. In addition, the survey found
that among all states, Mississippi is the most religious, while Vermont and New Hampshire
rank as the least religious.
As the Gallup Organization reports, 40 percent of Americans nationwide classify themselves
as "very religious," meaning they consider religion to be a very important aspect of their lives,
and attend a religious service every week, or almost every week.
Results from the poll, published March 27, found that in Mississippi and seven other states, at
least half of the residents classify themselves as "very religious."
The seven other states described as "very religious" include Utah, Alabama, Louisiana,
Arkansas, South Carolina, Tennessee, and North Carolina. The majority of these states are in
the south, which Gallup says may be a factor in their residents' religiosity.
On the other hand, Vermont and New Hampshire were found to be the "least religious" states.
These two, along with Maine, Massachusetts, and Alaska, had a religious population of less
than 30 percent. The majority of these states are in New England.
"Southern states have traditionally been the most religious, and states in New England and in
the West have been the least religious," reports Gallup.
"It appears there is something about the culture and normative structure of a state, no doubt
based partly on that state's history, that affects its residents' propensity to attend religious
services and to declare that religion is important in their daily lives," Gallup reports.
Thirty-two percent of Americans are "nonreligious," saying that religion is not an important
part of their lives, and they rarely attend religious services.
The remainder of Americans, 28 percent, who participated in the survey were classified as
"moderately religious," saying that religion is important but they do not regularly attend
services, or religion is not important but they still attend regular services.
The report points to regional trends, or the "state culture" phenomenon, as the reason for this
divide. According to Gallup, proof of the phenomenon can be found in the fact that the
statistics have remained stable in the past few years.
The survey was conducted over the phone from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 2011, and randomly
sampled 353, 492 adults in all 50 U.S. states, as well as the District of Colombia.

As Protestants decline, those with no religion gain :
As Protestants decline, people with no religion, "Nones,"are rising in number.
Protestants are less than half of Americans, while Nones are one in five.

• Affiliations
• Protestants
Source: Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, aggregated data from surveys conducted by
the Pew Research Center for the People & Press, 2007-2012. Number of respondents: 9,443
in 2007 and 17,010 in 2012.
By Cathy Lynn Grossman, Kevin Kepple, Jeff Dionise, Joan Murphy and Tory Hargro, USA

Cathy Lynn Grossman, USA TODAY
3:55p.m. EDT October 9, 2012

"Protestant" is no longer America's top religious
umbrella brand. It's been rained out by the
soaring number of 'Nones' -- people who claim
no faith affiliation.


(Photo: By Dale R. Bentley, Preservation North Dakota)


Protestants are no longer a majority in the USA

'Nones' are second only to Catholics as a category

One in five Americans (19.6%) are 'Nones'

For decades, if not centuries, America's top religious brand has been "Protestant."
No more.
In the 1960s, two in three Americans called themselves Protestant. Now the
Protestant group -- both evangelical and mainline -- has slid below the statistical
waters, down to 48%, from 53% in 2007
Where did they go? Nowhere, actually. They didn't switch to a new religious brand,
they just let go of any faith affiliation or label.
The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life released an analytic study today titled,
Nones on the Rise, now that one in five Americans (19.6%) claim no religious
This group, called "Nones," is now the nation's second-largest category only to
Catholics, and outnumbers the top Protestant denomination, the Southern Baptists.
The shift is a significant cultural, religious and even political change.
Count former Southern Baptist Chris Dees, 26, in this culture shift. He grew up
Baptist in the most religious state in the USA: Mississippi.
By the time he went off to college for mechanical engineering, "I just couldn't make
sense of it any more," Dees says. Now, he's a leader of the Secular Student Alliance
chapter at Mississippi State and calls himself an atheist.
Today, fueled by young adults like Dees, the Nones have leapt from 15.3% of U.S.
adults in 2007, according to Pew studies.


One in three (32%) are under age 30 and unlikely to age into claiming a religion, says
Pew Forum senior researcher Greg Smith. The new study points out that today's
Millennials are more unaffiliated than any young generation ever has been when they
were younger.
"The rise of the Nones is a milestone in a long-term trend," Smith says. "People's
religious beliefs, and the religious groups they associate with, play an important role
in shaping their worldviews, their outlook in life and certainly in politics and elections."
The study comes amid an election campaign where the Republican Party, placed
Protestants on their presidential ticket for a century, has nominated a Mormon with a
Catholic running mate.
Currently, the U.S. Supreme Court includes six Catholics and three Jews: Whoever
wins in November may deal with naming a justice in the next four years.
Rev. Eileen Lindner, a Presbyterian pastor and editor of the Yearbook of American
and Canadian Churches, observes, "We are still twice as likely to be affiliated with a
religion than Europeans, but there is strong evidence that our religious institutions, as
we configured them in past centuries, are playing a less significant role in American
Rev. Albert Mohler, president of the Southern Baptists Theological Seminary in
Louisville, saw a welcome clarity in the report, even if he didn't like the new picture in
"Today, there's no shame in saying you're an unbeliever, no cultural pressure to
claim a religious affiliation, no matter how remote or loose," Mohler says. "This is a
wake-up call. We have an incredible challenge ahead for committed Christians."
Wanda Melchert, whose great-grandparents helped found Vang Lutheran Church in
rural North Dakota a century ago, sees her church about to shut its doors and
become part of a local heritage museum. The congregation worships elsewhere now.
"Out here in the middle North Dakota, religion is still very important and families still
teach their children. There's a strong faith base still here," she says. But when
Melchert looks at the changing national picture of religion, she says, "we're praying
about this. We feel there's a great need for people to turn back to God. When we lose
that, it's dangerous for our country."
However, Rev. Martin Marty, a historian of religion and professor emeritus of the
University of Chicago, says he wrote a book half a century ago on varieties of
unbelief and has long thought that religious cohesion "has long been overstated."
Says Marty: "The difference is now we have names for groups like Nones."
Source :


1 . 3. Geographical Distribution


2. Violence

Today, the FBI released its annual compilation of crimes reported to its Uniform
Crime Reporting (UCR) Program by law enforcement agencies from around the
nation. Crime in the United States, 2015 reveals a 3.9 percent increase in the
estimated number of violent crimes and a 2.6 percent decrease in the estimated
number of property crimes last year when compared to 2014 data.
According to the report, there were an estimated 1,197,704 violent crimes committed
around the nation. While that was an increase from 2014 figures, the 2015 violent
crime total was 0.7 percent lower than the 2011 level and 16.5 percent below the
2006 level.
Among some of the other statistics contained in Crime in the United States, 2015:
• The estimated number of murders in the nation was 15,696.
• During the year, there were an estimated 90,185 rapes. (This figure currently
reflects UCR’s legacy definition. Learn more about the revised rape definition.)
• There were an estimated 327,374 robberies nationwide, which accounted for an
estimated $390 million in losses (average dollar value of stolen property per
reported robbery was $1,190).
• Firearms were used in 71.5 percent of the nation’s murders, 40.8 percent of
robberies, and 24.2 percent of aggravated assaults.
• Property crimes resulted in losses estimated at $14.3 billion. The total value of
reported stolen property (i.e., currency, jewelry, motor vehicles, electronics,
firearms) was $12,420,364,454.


US Culture, A Gun Culture?

A factual look at


How are guns being used by
in America each year?

= homicide + accident + suicide1

= self defense2

Every year, guns are used over 80x more often to
protect a life than to take one!*


270 Million



“Most violent country in EU”





In the decade following the Labor party's election and banning of handguns in 1997,
the number of recorded violent attacks soared by 77% to 1.2 million in '07- or more
than 2 attacks every minute!9
Kitchen knives are being used in as many as half of all stabbings in the United
Kingdom and has prompted a group of doctors to call for a ban on long pointed
kitchen knives.10


With just one exception, every public mass shooting in the USA since 1950 has
taken place where citizens are banned from carrying guns.

794,300 total police officers
606 criminals killed each year

80,000,000 gun owning citizens
1,527 criminals killed each year


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