Brochure Incontro Orso ENG definitivo .pdf

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how to behave in case of
close encounters


This leaflet is based on the guidelines of the Safety in Bear Country Society (John
Hechtel, Stephen Herrero, Grant McHutchon, Andy McMullen, Jane McMullen, Phil
Timpany), validated by 38 of the main experts on such issue by the IBA (International
Association for Bear Research and Management).
The text has also been evaluated and approved by the Human-Bear Conflicts
Expert Team of the IUCN/SSC Bear Specialist Group.

Because most European brown bears tend to be fearful of humans,
they try to avoid people. However, bears are wild animals and
they may display defensive behavior when encountered at close
distances, if they are startled, or protecting cubs.
Avoid surprising bears at close range. Be alert for bears. The best
way to prevent close encounters with bears is to make noise to
alert the bear to your presence by clapping, or talking loudly in
forested areas.

How to behave in case
of close encounters
If the bear is not aware of your presence,
silently go back the way you came, but keep an
eye out for the bear in case it’s also moving.
If the bear notices your presence and
moves away from you (most common case),
wait before you continue, but avoid moving in
the same direction as the bear.

If the bear notices your presence and
stands up trying to identify you, stand still
and talk calmly.
As long as the bear is stationary, try
slowly moving away from it, while talking in
a calm tone.
If the bear moves toward you, walking or
running, stand your ground, speak in a calm
voice and give the bear time to figure out
you’re not a threat and to calm down.

If an attack with physical contact occurs,
lay down with your fingers interlaced
on the back of your neck with your
arms protecting your head and remain
completely still until the bear calms down
and moves away. Do not run away, do not
yell at the bear and do not try to hit the
animal. If you are wearing a backpack keep
it on; it is not useful to put it down trying
to distract the bear. In fact, it may protect
you. Do not stand up to leave the area until
you are sure that the bear has moved away.

A few words about bear spray
In the rare case of a bear attack, or when a bear appears aggressive and is close
by, bear spray is an effective tool for deterring aggressive bears. Bear spray is an
aerosol containing a capsaicin (pepper) deterrent that is under pressure and when
sprayed at a bear’s face/eyes has been successfully used to stop or reduce attacks
(maximum range of 8-9 meters). In Italy it is currently forbidden by law to purchase
and use bear spray and those for personal defence are not suitable. The Autonomous
Province of Trento is working to change the law, and make the possession and use of
bear spray in bear range possible.

Ufficio Stampa
38121 Trento • Piazza Dante n. 15
Tel. 0461 494614

More info on
“In nome dell’orso” Matteo Zeni, Edited by Il Piviere, 2016


Emergency phone

- 24 h 335 7705966

Print Centro Duplicazioni Interno PAT - July 2017

Servizio Foreste e Fauna
Settore grandi carnivori
38121 Trento • Via Trener, n. 3
Tel. 0461 495943

Picture: archivio Servizio Foreste e Fauna - PAT

Assessorato all’Agricoltura, Foreste,
Turismo e Promozione, Caccia e Pesca
38121 Trento • Via Romagnosi, n. 9 - Centro Europa
Tel. 0461 495929

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