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‫ﺟـﺎﻣـﻌـﺔ ﻧﺎﻳـﻒ ﻟـﻠـﻌﻠـﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﻣـﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬

Naif Arab University for Security Sciences

High Studies College
Department: Criminal Justice

No. ( $ )

ABSTRACT
Study Title: The Rights of the Illegitimate Child: Formative and Comparative
Study.
Student: Abdulrahman Salem H Alkhtani
Advisor: Dr. Jalal Aldin Muhammed Saleh
Research Problem: The study focuses on answering the following question:
What are the rights that the illegitimate child should have, and those that the
illegitimate child should not have, according to the Islamic law and the
international conventions?
Study Methodology: The researcher used a descriptive methodology, in addition
to a comparative approach methodology.
Main Results:
١- There are four methods to proof the paternity: Bed “Firash”,
acknowledgement, evidence, and tracing “Qiefah.”
٢- The dominant opinion is that the illegitimate child “Walad Zina”
belongs to the adulterer “Zani”, if he adopts the child, and the mother was not bed
“Firash” or suspicion.
٣- The Saudi systems and laws have cared about both the special rights
and the general rights of the illegitimate child.
٤- A number of the Saudi systems have established frameworks to protect
the rights of the illegitimate child from being violated.
Main Recommendations:
١- The Saudi judges and the “Mufti” should embrace the opinion that the
illegitimate child belongs to the adulterer “Zani”, if he adopts the child, and the
mother was not bed “Firash” or suspicion.
٢- A special system should be established to clearly ensure the rights of
the illegitimate children.
٣- The Saudi society should be educated about the rights and the issues of
the illegitimate children.
٤- The punishments for parents who deny the paternity of their illegitimate
children should be more severe.

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