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Kettunen & Helmke 2011

Maya Hieroglyphs

How to Convert Maya Long Count Dates to Gregorian Dates ...................................................................... 52
A Shortcut Guide for the Conversion of Maya Long Count Dates to Gregorian Dates ............................. 54
Period Names........................................................................................................................................................ 55
Day Names (Tzolk’in Calendar) ......................................................................................................................... 56
Month Names (Haab Calendar) ......................................................................................................................... 58
Appendix F: The Landa Alphabet .......................................................................................................................... 60
Appendix G: Transcriptions of Classic Maya Phonemes .................................................................................... 61
Appendix H: Articulation Organs and Places ....................................................................................................... 62
Appendix I: Synharmony vs. Disharmony ........................................................................................................... 63
Appendix J: Notes on Classic Maya Grammar ..................................................................................................... 66
Appendix K: An Example of Hieroglyphic Analysis ........................................................................................... 73
Appendix L: Syllable Charts .................................................................................................................................... 74
CONCISE CLASSIC MAYA – ENGLISH DICTIONARY....................................................................................................... 79
A THEMATIC CLASSIC MAYA – ENGLISH DICTIONARY ................................................................................................ 94
Verbs ...................................................................................................................................................................... 94
Nouns and Adjectives ........................................................................................................................................ 103
Other Parts of Speech & Grammatical Affixes ............................................................................................... 127
Abbreviations used in morphological segmentation and morphological analysis ................................... 145
SOURCES AND FURTHER READING .............................................................................................................................. 146

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS1:
Cover:

Fragment V0017 / TT0103, Corridor 12, Tetitla, Teotihuacan Mexico (Drawing by Christophe Helmke,
based on a photograph by Miguel Morales; courtesy of the Zona Arqueologica de Teotihuacan).

Figure 1: Stela A, Copan, Honduras (drawing by Frederick Catherwood) .............................................................. 9
Figure 2: The Landa “Alphabet”............................................................................................................................ 10
Figure 3: Details from the Madrid and Dresden Codices ....................................................................................... 11
Figure 4: Lintel 8, Yaxchilan, Mexico ..................................................................................................................... 11
Figure 5: Text and image from a reused Olmec greenstone pectoral ..................................................................... 12
Figure 6: Reading order of the text on the basal register of Stela 11 from Yaxchilan. ............................................. 16
Figure 7: Tablet of 96 Glyphs, Palenque, Chiapas, México .................................................................................... 25
Figure 8: Direct quotation from Panel 3, Piedras Negras ....................................................................................... 28
Figure 9: Classic Maya ergative and absolutive pronominal affixes ...................................................................... 28
Figure 10: Text and image incised on a shell ......................................................................................................... 28
Figure 11: Stela 4 (A1-B5), Ixtutz, Guatemala ........................................................................................................ 30
Figure 12: Page 9 from the Dresden Codex ............................................................................................................ 38
Figure 13: Page 91 from the Madrid Codex ........................................................................................................... 38
Figure 14: Page 6 from the Paris Codex ................................................................................................................. 39
Figure 15: Page 8 from the Grolier Codex .............................................................................................................. 39
Figure 16: Bottom of the page 56 from the Madrid Codex ..................................................................................... 39
Figure 17: Carved bone from Burial 116, Tikal (TIK MT-44) .................................................................................. 39
Figure 18: Inscription on the upper section of the back of Stela 3, Piedras Negras, Guatemala ............................. 40
Figure 19: Lintel 1, Yaxchilan, Mexico ................................................................................................................... 41
Figure 20: Lintel 2, Yaxchilan, Mexico ................................................................................................................... 41
Figure 21: Ballcourt Marker 4, Caracol, Belize ....................................................................................................... 42
Figure 22: Altar 23, Caracol, Belize ........................................................................................................................ 42
Figure 23: Unprovenienced jadeite celt, the “Leiden Plaque” ................................................................................ 43
Figure 24: Monument 101, Tonina & Stela 6, Itzimte, Mexico ................................................................................ 43
Figure 25: Selected Classic Period Emblem Glyphs ............................................................................................... 45
1

All drawings and graphics by Harri Kettunen unless otherwise indicated.

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