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Kettunen & Helmke 2011

Maya Hieroglyphs

Figure 26: Map of the Maya area showing principal archaeological sites .............................................................. 46
Figure 27: Codex style vase from the Late Classic Period ...................................................................................... 54
Figure 28: The Landa Alphabet ............................................................................................................................. 60
Figure 29: Articulation places ................................................................................................................................ 62
Figure 30: Lintel 10, Yaxchilan, Mexico ................................................................................................................. 65

LIST OF TABLES2:
Table I: Common Classic Maya vessel type glyphs ............................................................................................... 33
Table II: Comparisons between idealized vessel forms and written vessel type referents ..................................... 34
Table III: Common royal titles ............................................................................................................................... 44
Table IV: Relationship glyphs................................................................................................................................ 44
Table V: Vigesimal vs. decimal system .................................................................................................................. 47
Table VI: Applied vigesimal system for calendrical calculations ........................................................................... 47
Table VII: Classic Maya numerals from zero to nineteen ....................................................................................... 48
Table VIII: Organization of successive Tzolk’in dates ........................................................................................... 49
Table IX: Lords of the Night .................................................................................................................................. 51
Table X: Period names for Long Count dates and Distance Numbers ................................................................... 55
Table XI: Day names in the Tzolk’in calendar: Imix-Ok ........................................................................................ 56
Table XII: Day names in the Tzolk’in calendar: Chuwen-Ajaw ............................................................................. 57
Table XIII: “Month” names in the Haab calendar: Pop-Yax ................................................................................... 58
Table XIV: “Month” names in the Haab calendar: Sak-Wayeb .............................................................................. 59
Table XV: Classic Maya consonants....................................................................................................................... 61
Table XVI: Classic Maya vowels ............................................................................................................................ 61
Table XVII: Articulation organs and places ........................................................................................................... 62
Table XVIII: Examples based on harmony rules according to Lacadena and Wichmann (2004) ............................ 64
Table XIX: Examples of underspelled words ......................................................................................................... 64
Table XX: An example of varying spelling of the name Ahkul Mo’ from Lintel 10, Yaxchilan ................................ 65
Table XXI: Classic Maya voice system ................................................................................................................... 66
Table XXII: Examples of grammatical changes in time and space: chum- .............................................................. 72
Table XXIII: Examples of grammatical changes in time: hul- ................................................................................. 72
Table XXIV: Concise Classic Maya – English Dictionary ....................................................................................... 93
Table XXV: Examples of Classic Maya pronouns in the hieroglyphic texts ......................................................... 141

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All drawings and graphics by Harri Kettunen unless otherwise indicated.

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