agarwood gaharu.pdf


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CONTENTS
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS & GLOSSARY

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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BACKGROUND
Introduction
Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status
Harvest
Legislation governing harvest
Trade and use
CITES and Agarwood (gaharu)
Malaysian legislation governing trade
Economics
Price trends
The value chain

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METHODS

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RESULTS
Harvest
Enforcement
Trade and use
Domestic market
International trade
Development of the gaharu industry in Malaysia

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DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
Indicators of the research
Sustainability of the gaharu trade in Malaysia
Development of a CITES Non Detriment Finding (NDF) methodology
Implementation and Enforcement of CITES
Enforcement of State Enactments by Customs

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RECOMMENDATIONS

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REFERENCES

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APPENDICES
Appendix 1: Agarwood-Producing Species Native to Malaysia
Appendix 1a: Specimens of Agarwood-Producing Species from the States of Malaysia
in SEABCIN Herbaria
Appendix 2: Vernacular names for agarwood and agarwood-producing species in Malaysia

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Wood for the trees : A review of the agarwood (gaharu) trade in Malaysia

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